Doctrine (from Latin: doctrina) is a codification of beliefs or a body
of teachings or instructions, taught principles or positions, as the
essence of teachings in a given branch of knowledge or belief system.
The Greek analogue is the etymology of catechism.
Often doctrine specifically suggests a body of religious principles as
it is promulgated by a church, but not necessarily; doctrine is also
used to refer to a principle of law, in the common law traditions,
established through a history of past decisions, such as the doctrine
of self-defense, or the principle of fair use, or the more narrowly
applicable first-sale doctrine. In some organizations, doctrine is
simply defined as "that which is taught", or the basis for
institutional teaching of its personnel internal ways of doing
1 Religious usage
2 As a measure of religiosity in the sociology of religion
3 Military usage
5 Legal usage
6 See also
8 External links
Examples of religious doctrines include:
Christian theology: doctrines such as the Trinity, the virgin birth
Roman Catholic theology
Roman Catholic theology (for example, transubstantiation and Marian
Calvinist doctrine of "double" predestination
Yuga in Hinduism
Syādvāda in Jainism
Four Noble Truths
Four Noble Truths in Buddhism
One department of the
Roman Curia is called the Congregation for the
Doctrine of the Faith.
As a measure of religiosity in the sociology of religion
According to the sociologist Mervin Verbit, doctrine may be understood
as one of the key components of religiosity. And doctrine itself may
be divided into four categories:
The content of a doctrine may vary from one religion to the next, as
will the degree to which it may occupy the person's mind (frequency),
the intensity of the doctrine, and the centrality of the doctrine (in
that religious tradition).
In this sense, doctrine is similar to Charles Glock's "belief"
dimension of religiosity (Glock, 1972: 39).
The term also applies to the concept of an established procedure to a
complex operation in warfare. The typical example is tactical doctrine
in which a standard set of maneuvers, kinds of troops and weapons are
employed as a default approach to a kind of attack.
Examples of military doctrines include:
Guerre de course
Mahanian of late 19th up to mid-20th century
Manhunting doctrine, or assured individual destruction
Reagan Doctrine of the Cold War
Shock and Awe
Soviet deep battle
Soviet deep battle of World
Trench warfare of World
Almost every military organization has its own doctrine, sometimes
written, sometimes unwritten. Some military doctrines are transmitted
through training programs. More recently, in modern peacekeeping
operations, which involve both civilian and military operations, more
comprehensive (not just military) doctrines are now emerging such as
United Nations peacekeeping operations' "Capstone
Doctrine" which speaks to integrated civilian and military
By definition, political doctrine is "[a] policy, position or
principle advocated, taught or put into effect concerning the
acquisition and exercise of the power to govern or administrate in
society." The term political doctrine is sometimes wrongly
identified with political ideology. However, doctrine lacks the
actional aspect of ideology. It is mainly a theoretical discourse,
which "refers to a coherent sum of assertions regarding what a
particular topic should be" (Bernard Crick). Political doctrine is
based on a rationally elaborated set of values, which may precede the
formation of a political identity per se. It is concerned with
philosophical orientations on a meta-theoretical level.
A legal doctrine is a body of inter-related rules (usually of common
law and built over a long period of time) associated with a legal
concept or principle. For example, the doctrine of frustration of
purpose now has many tests and rules applicable with regards to each
other and can be contained within a "bubble" of frustration. In a
court session a defendant may refer to the doctrine of justification.
It can be seen that a branch of law contains various doctrines, which
in turn contain various rules or tests. The test of non-occurrence of
crucial event is part of the doctrine of frustration which is part of
contract law. Doctrines can grow into a branch of law; restitution is
now considered a branch of law separate to contract and tort.
Doctrine – Definition at WordIQ.com 2010
Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith
Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith (Roman Catholic Church)
– Britannica Online Encyclopedia". Britannica.com. Retrieved
^ "Congregation for the
Doctrine of the Faith". Ewtn.com. Retrieved
^ Verbit, M. F. (1970). The components and dimensions of religious
behavior: Toward a reconceptualization of religiosity. American
mosaic, 24, 39.
^ Küçükcan, T. (2010). Multidimensional Approach to Religion: a way
of looking at religious phenomena. Journal for the Study of Religions
and Ideologies, 4(10), 60–70.
^ Glock, C. Y. (1972) ‘On the Study of Religious Commitment’ in J.
E. Faulkner (ed.) Religion’s Influence in Contemporary Society,
Readings in the Sociology of Religion, Ohio: Charles E. Merril:
^ "Peacekeeping Resource Hub" (PDF). pbpu.unlb.org. Retrieved 27 March
^ "Political doctrine (definition)". Eionet.europa.eu. 2012-07-20.
^ Dr. Daniel Șandru. "Ideology, Between the Concept and the Political
Reality". The Knowledge Based Society Project. Sfera Politicii nr.
169. Retrieved March 10, 2013.
The dictionary definition of doctrine at Wiktionary
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