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Dnepropetrovsk Sputnik
Dnepropetrovsk Sputnik
(Ukrainian: Дніпропетровський супутник; Russian: Днепропетровский Спутник), also known as DS, was a series of satellites launched by the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
between 1961 and 1982. DS satellites were used for a number of missions, including technological and scientific research, and radar tracking targets for anti-satellite weapons and anti-ballistic missiles. 185 were launched, using dedicated Kosmos rockets.[1][2] The first DS satellite, DS-1 No.1, was launched on the maiden flight of the Kosmos-2I
Kosmos-2I
63S1 rocket on 27 October 1961. It failed to reach orbit after an acceleration integrator malfunctioned. A second launch attempt, with DS-1 No.2, failed due to a second stage malfunction.[1] The third satellite, as DS-2, successfully reached orbit and was subsequently assigned the designation Kosmos 1, becoming the first satellite to be designated under the Kosmos system. Kosmos designations were assigned to all DS satellites, except those that failed to reach orbit, and a small number which were launched as part of the Interkosmos and Oreol programmes.[1] The last DS satellite, Kosmos 1375 was launched aboard a Kosmos-3M on 6 June 1982.[3] It was a Lira ASAT target, a derivative of the DS-P1-M. References[edit]

^ a b c Wade, Mark. "DS". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 31 March 2009. Retrieved 25 May 2009.  ^ Wade, Mark. "DS-P1-M". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 5 January 2009. Retrieved 26 May 2009.  ^ Wade, Mark. "Kosmos 3". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 2009-05-26. 

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Dnepropetrovsk Sputnik
Dnepropetrovsk Sputnik
programme

DS-1

#1 #2

DS-2

Kosmos 1 #2

DS-A1

Kosmos 11 Kosmos 17 #3 #4 Kosmos 53 #6 Kosmos 70

DS-K

Kosmos 8 K-40 #1 K-40 #2

DS-MG

Kosmos 26 Kosmos 49

DS-MT

#1 Kosmos 31 Kosmos 51

DS-MO

Kosmos 149 Kosmos 320

DS-P1

Test

Kosmos 6 #2 Kosmos 19 Kosmos 25

P1-I

Kosmos 106 Kosmos 148 Kosmos 204 Kosmos 242 Kosmos 275 Kosmos 308 #6 Kosmos 327 Kosmos 362 Kosmos 391 Kosmos 440 Kosmos 497 Kosmos 615 Kosmos 662 Kosmos 750 Kosmos 801 Kosmos 849 Kosmos 901 Kosmos 919

P1-M

#1 Kosmos 394 Kosmos 400 Kosmos 459 Kosmos 521

P1-M Lira

#1 Kosmos 803 Kosmos 839 Kosmos 880 Kosmos 909 Kosmos 959 Kosmos 967 Kosmos 1171 Kosmos 1241 Kosmos 1375

P1-Yu

Kosmos 36 #2 Kosmos 76 Kosmos 101 Kosmos 116 Kosmos 123 Kosmos 152 Kosmos 165 Kosmos 173 Kosmos 176 Kosmos 191 Kosmos 211 Kosmos 221 Kosmos 222 Kosmos 233 Kosmos 245 Kosmos 257 Kosmos 265 Kosmos 268 Kosmos 277 Kosmos 283 Kosmos 285 #23 Kosmos 295 Kosmos 303 Kosmos 307 Kosmos 311 Kosmos 314 Kosmos 319 Kosmos 324 Kosmos 334 #36 Kosmos 347 Kosmos 351 Kosmos 357 Kosmos 369 Kosmos 380 Kosmos 388 Kosmos 393 #39 Kosmos 408 Kosmos 421 Kosmos 423 #33 Kosmos 435 Kosmos 453 Kosmos 455 Kosmos 458 Kosmos 467 Kosmos 472 Kosmos 481 Kosmos 485 Kosmos 487 #51 Kosmos 498 Kosmos 501 Kosmos 523 Kosmos 524 Kosmos 526 Kosmos 545 Kosmos 553 Kosmos 558 Kosmos 562 Kosmos 580 Kosmos 601 Kosmos 608 Kosmos 611 Kosmos 633 Kosmos 634 #68 Kosmos 668 Kosmos 686 Kosmos 695 Kosmos 703 Kosmos 705 Kosmos 725 Kosmos 745 Kosmos 818 Kosmos 850

DS-U1

Kosmos 108 Kosmos 196 Ya #1 Kosmos 215 Kosmos 225 Interkosmos 2 Kosmos 335 Interkosmos 8

DS-U2

Kosmos 93 Kosmos 95 Kosmos 97 Kosmos 119 Kosmos 135 Kosmos 137 Kosmos 142 Kosmos 145 Kosmos 163 Kosmos 197 Kosmos 202 Kosmos 219 Kosmos 259 Kosmos 261 Kosmos 262 Kosmos 321 Kosmos 348 Interkosmos 3 Kosmos 356 Kosmos 378 Kosmos 426 Interkosmos 5 Kosmos 461 Oreol-1 Interkosmos 9 Interkosmos 10 Oreol-2 Interkosmos 12 Interkosmos 13 Interkosmos 14

DS-U3

Kosmos 166 Kosmos 230 Interkosmos 1 Interkosmos 4 Interkosmos 7 Interkosmos 11 Interkosmos 14 Interkosmos 16

Omega

Kosmos 14 Kosmos 23

v t e

Soviet and Russian space program

Roscosmos

Launch sites

Baikonur Cosmodrome
Baikonur Cosmodrome
(in Kazakhstan) Dombarovsky Kapustin Yar Plesetsk Cosmodrome Svobodny Cosmodrome
Svobodny Cosmodrome
(defunct) Vostochny Cosmodrome

Launch vehicles

Angara Proton Soyuz

Human spaceflight programs

Previous

Vostok Voskhod Salyut Almaz
Almaz
(incorporated into Salyut program) / TKS Apollo-Soyuz Test Project (joint) Mir Shuttle– Mir
Mir
(joint) Energia
Energia
/ Buran

Cancelled

Zond (7K-L1) (Moon flyby) Soviet manned lunar programs
Soviet manned lunar programs
(Moon landing) Zvezda (moonbase) TMK
TMK
(Mars/Venus flyby) Spiral Zvezda Zarya MAKS Kliper

Active

International Space Station
International Space Station
(joint)

Russian Orbital Segment

Soyuz

In development

Federation

Robotic programs

Previous

DS (1960–1977) Prognoz (1972–1996) Astron (1983) Granat
Granat
(1989) Gamma (1990) Mars 96
Mars 96
(failed) (1996) Resurs-DK No.1
Resurs-DK No.1
(2006) Koronas-Foton
Koronas-Foton
(2009) Fobos-Grunt
Fobos-Grunt
(failed) (2011)

Active

Bion-M Elektro–L ExoMars
ExoMars
(joint) Meteor-M Resurs-P Spektr-R

In development

Luna-Glob

Luna 25 Luna 26 Luna 27 Luna 28

Spektr-RG Spektr-UV

Communications

Luch (satellite) Soviet Deep Space Network

Concepts

Baikal-Angara Laplace-P Mars-Grunt Mercury-P OPSEK Spektr-M Venera-D

Images and artwork

Mission patches

See also: Space industry of Russia Russian Aerospace Defence Forces

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Soviet Union
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