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The Divine Mercy
Divine Mercy
of Jesus, also known as the Divine Mercy, is a Roman Catholic devotion to Jesus Christ
Jesus Christ
associated with the reputed apparitions of Jesus
Jesus
revealed to Saint Faustina Kowalska. The Roman Catholic devotion and venerated image under this Christological title refers to the unlimited merciful love of God towards all people.[1][2] Sister Kowalska was granted the title "Secretary of Mercy" by the Holy See in the Jubilee Year of 2000.[3][4][5] Sister Faustina Kowalska
Faustina Kowalska
reported a number of apparitions during religious ecstasy which she wrote in her diary, later published as the book Diary: Divine Mercy
Divine Mercy
in My Soul.[4][5] The three main themes of the devotion are to ask for and obtain the mercy of God, to trust in Christ's abundant mercy, and finally to show mercy to others and act as a conduit for God's mercy towards them.[4][6] Pope John Paul II, a native of Poland, had great affinity towards this devotion and authorized it in the Liturgical Calendar
Liturgical Calendar
of the church. The liturgical feast of the Divine Mercy
Divine Mercy
is celebrated on the first Sunday after Easter. Some members of the Anglican Communion
Anglican Communion
also share its pious beliefs and devotions in an effort towards church renewal.[7]

Contents

1 Devotion 2 Image 3 Daily devotions 4 Feast day 5 Churches and shrines 6 Orders and institutions 7 Notes 8 Further reading 9 See also 10 External links

Devotion[edit] The primary focus of the Divine Mercy
Divine Mercy
devotion is the merciful love of God and the desire to let that love and mercy flow through one's own heart towards those in need of it.[1] As he dedicated the Shrine of Divine Mercy, Pope John Paul II
Pope John Paul II
referred to this when he said: "Apart from the mercy of God there is no other source of hope for mankind".[8]

The resting place of Faustina, now a permanent chapel within the Basilica of Divine Mercy
Divine Mercy
in Kraków, Poland

There are five main forms of this devotion:

The Divine Mercy image
Divine Mercy image
with the specific inscription Jesus, I trust in you;[5] The commemoration of the Feast of the Divine Mercy
Divine Mercy
Sunday[9] The recitation of the Chaplet of Divine Mercy The designation of the Hour of Mercy at 3:00 am or pm The spreading of acts of mercy to the whole humanity, in preparation for the return of Jesus Christ
Jesus Christ
to earth

Proclaim that mercy is the greatest attribute of God. — Words attributed to Jesus
Jesus
by Faustina in her diary.[10][11]

As in the prayers that form the Chaplet of Divine Mercy, there are three main themes to the Divine Mercy
Divine Mercy
devotion: to ask for and obtain the mercy of God, to trust in Christ's abundant mercy, and finally to show mercy to others and act as a conduit for God's mercy towards them.[4][6] The first and second elements relate to the signature " Jesus
Jesus
I trust in You" on the Divine Mercy image
Divine Mercy image
and Faustina stated that on April 28, 1935, the day the first Divine Mercy Sunday
Divine Mercy Sunday
was celebrated, Jesus told her: "Every soul believing and trusting in My Mercy will obtain it."[12] The third component is reflected in the statement "Call upon My mercy on behalf of sinners" attributed to Jesus
Jesus
in Faustina's diary (Notebook I, items 186-187).[13] This statement is followed in the diary by a specific short prayer: "O Blood and Water, which gushed forth from the Heart of Jesus
Jesus
as a fount of Mercy for us, I trust in You." which Faustina also recommended for the Hour of Divine Mercy.[13][14] In her diary (Notebook II, item 742) Faustina wrote that Jesus
Jesus
told her: "I demand from you deeds of mercy, which are to arise out of love for Me." and that he explained that there are three ways of exercising mercy toward your neighbor: the first-by deed, the second-by word, the third-by prayer.[10] The Divine Mercy
Divine Mercy
devotion views mercy as the key element in the plan of God for salvation and emphasizes the belief that it was through mercy that God gave his only son for the redemption of mankind, after the fall of Adam.[15] The opening prayer for Divine Mercy Sunday
Divine Mercy Sunday
Mass refers to this and begins: "Heavenly Father and God of Mercy, We no longer look for Jesus
Jesus
among the dead, for He is alive and has become the Lord of Life".[15] In 1959 the Vatican banned the image and devotion to it because of a number of factors. Some Polish bishops questioned Kowalska's claims and were uncomfortable with the image's similarity to the red and white Polish flag.[16] Polish priests were reported to be interpreting the rays as a symbol of the flag.[17] The ban on devotion was only lifted on April 15, 1978, due to pressure from future Polish pope, Karol Wojtyła, who was a great fan of St. Faustina Kowalska.[16] Image[edit]

The Feast of the Divine Mercy Sunday
Divine Mercy Sunday
on 1 May 2011 in Rome. During the Beatification of Pope John Paul II.[18][19]

Main article: Divine Mercy
Divine Mercy
image

Paint an image according to the pattern you see with the signature: Jesus, I trust in You… I promise that the soul that will venerate this image will not perish.[20]

The chaplet is associated with the paintings of the image as in Faustina's diary. The most widely used is an image painted by Adolf Hyla. Hyla painted the image in thanksgiving for having survived World War II. In the image, Jesus
Jesus
stands with one hand outstretched in blessing, the other clutching the side wounded by the spear, from which proceed beams of falling light, coloured red and white. An explanation of these colors was given to Saint Faustina by Jesus
Jesus
himself saying, "The two rays represent blood and water".[21] These colors of the rays refer to the "blood and water'" of the Gospel of John
Gospel of John
(John 19:34) which are also mentioned in the optional prayer of the Chaplet. The words “ Jesus
Jesus
I Trust in Thee” usually accompany the image (Jezu Ufam Tobie in Polish). The original Divine Mercy image
Divine Mercy image
was painted by Eugene Kazimierowski
Eugene Kazimierowski
in Vilnius, Lithuania, under St. Faustina's direction. However, according to her diary, she cried upon seeing that the finished picture was not as beautiful as the vision she had received, but Jesus
Jesus
comforted her saying, "Not in the beauty of the colour, nor of the brush is the greatness of this image, but in My grace".[20] The picture was widely used during the early years of the devotion, and is still in circulation within the movement, but the Hyla image remains one of the most reproduced renderings.[5] After the Feast of Divine Mercy
Divine Mercy
Sunday was granted to the Universal Church by Pope John Paul II
Pope John Paul II
on 30 April 2000[22] new versions of the image have emerged from a new generation of Catholic artists. Daily devotions[edit] In her diary Faustina wrote that Jesus
Jesus
specified 3.00 pm each day as the hour at which mercy was best received, and asked her to pray the Chaplet of Mercy and venerate the Divine Mercy image
Divine Mercy image
at that hour.[23][24] On October 10, 1937, in her diary (Notebook V, item 1320) Faustina attributed the following statement to Jesus:

As often as you hear the clock strike the third hour immerse yourself completely in My mercy, adoring and glorifying it, invoke its omnipotence for the whole world, and particularly for poor sinners, for at that moment mercy was opened wide for every soul. [25]

The time of 3.00 pm corresponds to the hour at which Jesus
Jesus
died on the cross.[24] This hour is called the "hour of Divine Mercy" or the "hour of great mercy".[23] Feast day[edit] Main article: Divine Mercy
Divine Mercy
Sunday The feast of Divine Mercy Sunday
Divine Mercy Sunday
was instituted by Pope John Paul II and is celebrated the Sunday after Easter
Easter
on the General Roman Calendar, and is associated with specific indulgences.[4][9][26] In an entry in her diary, Faustina stated that anyone who participates in the Mass and receives the sacraments of Confession and the Eucharist
Eucharist
on this day is assured by Jesus
Jesus
of full remission of their sins and punishments.[9][27] Churches and shrines[edit]

The main sanctuary of Divine Mercy
Divine Mercy
is Kraków-Łagiewniki.

Divine Mercy
Divine Mercy
Shrine in El Salvador City, Philippines

A number of Marian churches and shrines have been dedicated to Divine Mercy. One of the most important is the Gate of Dawn
Gate of Dawn
in Vilnius, when also the Divine Mercy image
Divine Mercy image
was exhibited for the first time. The worldwide center of the devotion is Divine Mercy
Divine Mercy
Sanctuary (Kraków), commonly known as Łagiewniki. This is the resting place of saint Faustina Kowalska
Faustina Kowalska
and it houses the most popular version of the Divine Mercy image
Divine Mercy image
(by Adolf Hyła). The Divine Mercy Sanctuary (Vilnius)
Divine Mercy Sanctuary (Vilnius)
houses Eugeniusz Kazimirowski's initial rendition. The Divine Mercy Sanctuary (Płock)
Divine Mercy Sanctuary (Płock)
is the place where Saint Faustina had the first vision of the Divine Mercy
Divine Mercy
image. The Divine Mercy Sanctuary (Białystok) has the remains of blessed Michał Sopoćko, the spiritual director of saint Faustina Kowalska
Faustina Kowalska
and the Apostle of Divine Mercy. Głogowiec, Łęczyca County
Głogowiec, Łęczyca County
as well as nearby Świnice Warckie (central Poland) are the places of birth and childhood as well as baptism and first communion of saint Faustina Kowalska. The church of Santo Spirito in Sassia
Santo Spirito in Sassia
is the main center of the Divine Mercy in Rome. The National Shrine of The Divine Mercy
Divine Mercy
in Stockbridge, Massachusetts is managed by the Marian Fathers.[28] The National Shrine of The Divine Mercy
Divine Mercy
in Marilao, Bulacan
Marilao, Bulacan
is the major church dedicated to Divine Mercy
Divine Mercy
in the Philippines.[29] The Divine Mercy
Divine Mercy
Shrine in El Salvador City, Philippines, has a 50-foot (15-meters) statue of Merciful Jesus. The Archdiocesan Shrine of the Divine Mercy
Divine Mercy
was located in Mandaluyong City, Philippines, while the Divine Mercy
Divine Mercy
Chapel was located in Las Pinas, Philippines. Orders and institutions[edit] A number of Christian orders and institutions are devoted to the Divine Mercy. The John Paul II
John Paul II
Institute of Divine Mercy
Divine Mercy
is managed by the Congregation of Marian Fathers, which takes an active role in promoting the Divine Mercy
Divine Mercy
message. The Congregation of the Sisters of Our Lady of Mercy, to which saint Faustina Kowalska
Faustina Kowalska
belonged, and the Congregation of Sisters of Merciful Jesus, established by blessed Michał Sopoćko
Michał Sopoćko
on the request of Jesus
Jesus
given to Faustina, have also very important role in spreading the devotion. Two new religious communities – the Sisters of Jesus’ Merciful Passion and the Littlest Sons of the Sweetest Heart of Mary – are being raised up in Michigan through the Servants of Jesus
Jesus
of The Divine Mercy, a lay association of the Christian faithful that has grown under the guidance of Archbishop Allen Vigneron. The World Apostolic Congress on Mercy takes place every third year in various cities of the world.[10][30][31] Continental congresses on mercy also take place.[32] Notes[edit]

^ a b Ann Ball, 2003 Encyclopedia of Catholic Devotions and Practices ISBN 0-87973-910-X page 175 ^ "Loving Mercy". Sed Contra. Archived from the original on 27 November 2014. Retrieved 15 November 2014.  ^ (The Diaries of Saint Faustina Kowalska: Diary
Diary
965, 1160, 1605, 1693) ^ a b c d e Saints of the Jubilee by Tim Drake 2002 ISBN 978-1-4033-1009-5 pages 85-95 ^ a b c d Butler's lives of the saints: the third millennium by Paul Burns, Alban Butler 2001 ISBN 978-0-86012-383-5 page 252 ^ a b EWTN on the Chaplet of Divine Mercy ^ Divine Mercy
Divine Mercy
Society Archived August 2, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.. ^ Vatican website dedication of the Shrine of Divine Mercy, August 2002 ^ a b c A Divine Mercy
Divine Mercy
Resource by Richard Torretto 2010 ISBN 1-4502-3236-1 pages 187-190 ^ a b c Mercies Remembered by Matthew R Mauriello 2011 ISBN 1-61215-005-5 page 149-160 ^ Diary: Divine Mercy
Divine Mercy
in My Soul by Faustina Kowalska
Faustina Kowalska
2003 ISBN 1-59614-110-7 Notebok 1, item 301 "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-04-28. Retrieved 2011-05-20.  ^ Catherine M. Odell, 1998, Faustina: Apostle of Divine Mercy
Divine Mercy
OSV Press ISBN 978-0-87973-923-2 page 105 ^ a b A Divine Mercy
Divine Mercy
Resource by Richard Torretto 2010 ISBN 1-4502-3236-1 pages 137-140 ^ Mercies Remembered by Matthew R Mauriello 2011 ISBN 1-61215-005-5 page 326 ^ a b A Divine Mercy
Divine Mercy
Resource by Richard Torretto 2010 ISBN 1-4502-3236-1 pages 58-59 ^ a b National Catholic Reporter ^ [Development of the Worship of Divine Mercy
Divine Mercy
in Poland and Abroad, Bishop Pawel Socha, Peregrinis Cracoviensis 11, 2001] ^ CNS News May 2, 2011 Archived May 4, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Daily Telegraph May 1, 2011 ^ a b The One True Image ^ Canonization Homily of Pope John Paul II ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-02-24. Retrieved 2015-02-24.  ^ a b Catherine M. Odell, 1998, Faustina: Apostle of Divine Mercy
Divine Mercy
OSV Press ISBN 978-0-87973-923-2 page 137 ^ a b 15 Days of Prayer with Saint Faustina Kowalska
Saint Faustina Kowalska
by John J. Cleary 2010 ISBN 1-56548-350-2 page 75 ^ EWTN on the Hour of Mercy ^ Decree of the Apostolic Penitentiary on Divine Mercy
Divine Mercy
Indulgences, 29 June 2002, at the Vatican web site Archived February 19, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. ^ EWTN on the Divine Mercy
Divine Mercy
Novena ^ National Shrine of The Divine Mercy. Retrieved on March 30, 2016. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-08-14. Retrieved 2011-05-06.  ^ Zenit April 2, 2008 ^ Catholic News Service, April 3, 2008 ^ Asian Apostolic Congress on Mercy

Further reading[edit]

Diary: Divine Mercy
Divine Mercy
in My Soul by Faustina Kowalska
Faustina Kowalska
2003 ISBN 1-59614-110-7 (online version[permanent dead link]) Pope Benedict's Divine Mercy
Divine Mercy
Mandate by David Came 2009 ISBN 978-1-59614-203-9

See also[edit]

Chaplet of Divine Mercy Divine Mercy
Divine Mercy
image Divine Mercy
Divine Mercy
Sunday Divine Mercy
Divine Mercy
Sanctuary (Vilnius) Divine Mercy
Divine Mercy
Sanctuary (Kraków) Divine Mercy
Divine Mercy
Sanctuary (Płock) Works of Mercy Carmela Carabelli

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Divine mercy.

Polish Divine Mercy
Divine Mercy
Shrines

The Congregation of the Sisters of Our Lady of Mercy
Congregation of the Sisters of Our Lady of Mercy
(multilingual) The Chapel of Saint Faustina on-line transmissions (multilingual) Sanctuary of the Divine Mercy
Divine Mercy
(multilingual)

Devotional organizations

Saint Maria Faustina Kowalska
Faustina Kowalska
- TheDivineMercy.org Faustinum Association of Apostles of the Divine Mercy EWTN website about Saint Faustina and The Divine Mercy Multilingual website of the Sisters of Merciful Jesus Excerpts from the Diary
Diary
of Saint Faustina Kowalska

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