A disposable (also called disposable product) is a product designed
for a single use after which it is recycled or is disposed as solid
waste. The term often implies cheapness and short-term convenience
rather than medium to long-term durability. The term is also sometimes
used for products that may last several months (e.g. disposable air
filters) to distinguish from similar products that last indefinitely
(e.g. washable air filters). The word "disposables" is not to be
confused with the word "consumables" which is widely used in the
mechanical world. In welding for example, welding rods, tips, nozzles,
gas, etc. are considered to be "consumables" as they only last a
certain amount of time before needing to be replaced.
3 Examples of disposables
3.1 Kitchen and dining products
3.3 Food service industry disposables
3.4 Medical and hygiene products
3.6 Defense and law enforcement
3.7 Other consumer products
4 See also
6 External links
"Disposable" is an adjective meaning something not reuseable but is
disposed of after use. Many people now use the term as a noun, i.e. "a
disposable" but in reality this is still an adjective as the noun
(product, nappy, etc.) is implied. Disposable income is the amount of
money left over from one's salary or pay for spending, saving or
whatever, after all living costs have been taken out.
Disposable products are most often made from paper, plastic, cotton,
or polystyrene foam. Products made from composite materials such as
laminations are difficult to recycle and are more likely to be
disposed of at the end of their use.
Examples of disposables
Kitchen and dining products
Aluminum foil and aluminum pans
Disposable dishware / drinkware (e.g. plates, bowls, cups)
Plastic cutlery (e.g. spoons, knives, forks, sporks)
Disposable table cloth
Inexpensive tupperware products are reusable
Cupcake wrappers, coffee filters are compostable
Main article: Reusable packaging
Main article: Sustainable packaging
Packages are usually intended for a single use. The waste hierarchy
call for minimization of materials. Many package forms and materials
are suited to recycling although the actual recycling percentages are
relatively low in many regions.
Reuse and repurposing of packaging is
increasing but eventually, containers will be recycled, composted,
incinerated, or landfilled.
There are many container forms such as boxes, bottles, jars, bags,
etc. Materials include paper, plastics, metals, fabrics, composites,
Food service industry disposables
Main article: Disposable food packaging
See also: plastic bottle
In 2002, Taiwan began taking action to reduce the use of disposable
tableware at institutions and businesses, and to reduce the use of
plastic bags. Yearly, the nation of 17.7 million people was producing
59,000 tons of disposable tableware waste and 105,000 tons of waste
plastic bags, and increasing measures have been taken in the years
since then to reduce the amount of waste. In 2013 Taiwan's
Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) banned outright the use
of disposable tableware in the nation's 968 schools, government
agencies and hospitals. The ban is expected to eliminate 2,600 metric
tons of waste yearly.
In Germany, Austria, and Switzerland, laws banning use of disposable
food and drink containers at large-scale events have been enacted.
Such a ban has been in place in Munich, Germany, since 1991, applying
to all city facilities and events. This includes events of all sizes,
including very large ones (Christmas market, Auer-Dult Faire,
Munich City Marathon). For small events of a few
hundred people, the city has arranged for a corporation offer rental
of crockery and dishwasher equipment. In part through this regulation,
Munich reduced the waste generated by Oktoberfest, which attracts tens
of thousands of people, from 11,000 metric tons in 1990 to 550 tons in
China produces about 57 billion pairs of single-use chopsticks yearly,
of which half are exported. About 45 percent are made from trees –
about 3.8 million of them – mainly cotton wood, birch, and spruce,
the remainder being made from bamboo. Japan uses about 24 billion
pairs of these disposables per year, and globally the use is about 80
billion pairs are thrown away by about 1.4 million people. Reusable
chopsticks in restaurants have a lifespan of 130 meals. In Japan, with
disposable ones costing about 2 cents and reusable ones costing
typically $1.17, the reusables better the $2.60 breakeven cost.
Campaigns in several countries to reduce this waste are beginning to
have some effect.
Medical and hygiene products
A disposable safety razor
A disposable toothbrush
Medical and surgical device manufacturers worldwide produce a
multitude of items that are intended for one use only. The primary
reason is infection control; when an item is used only once it cannot
transmit infectious agents to subsequent patients. Manufacturers
of any type of medical device are obliged to abide by numerous
standards and regulations. ISO 15223: Medical Devices and EN 980 cite
that single use instruments or devices be labelled as such on their
packaging with a universally recognized symbol to denote "do not
re-use," "single use," or "use only once". This symbol is the numeral
2, within a circle with a 45° line through it.
Examples of single use items include:
Hypodermic needles 
Disposable towels, paper towels
Condoms and other contraception products
Disposable enemas and similar products
Cotton swabs and pads
Medical and cleaning gloves
Medical dust respirators (dust masks)
Baby and adult diapers, and training pants
Shaving razors, safety razors, waxing kits, combs, and other hair
Toothbrushes, dental floss, and other oral care products
Hospital aprons 
Disposable panties in postpartum
Contact lenses 
Non-rechargeable batteries are considered hazardous waste and should
only be disposed of as such.
Disposable ink cart
Disposable cameras 
Defense and law enforcement
Other consumer products
Disposable ballpoint pens
Garbage bags 
Vacuum cleaner bags, water, air, coolant, and other filters
Paper currency (worn out banknotes are removed from circulation by the
Ballpoint pens, erasers, and other writing implements
Movie sets and theater sets
Gift wrapping paper
Labels, stickers, and the associated release liners are single use and
usually disposed after use.
Dust respirators (dust masks)
Extended producer responsibility
^ Prairie Farmer. Prairie Farmer Publishing Company. 1982. p. 44.
Retrieved June 8, 2017.
^ NPCS Board of Consultants & Engineers (2014). Disposable
Products Manufacturing Handbook. Niir Project. p. 1.
ISBN 978-93-81039-32-8. Retrieved March 9, 2017.
^ Hill, M.K. (2010). Understanding Environmental Pollution. Cambridge
University Press. p. 519. ISBN 978-1-139-48640-8.
^ McEachern, D. (2008). Big Green Purse: Use Your Spending Power to
Create a Cleaner, Greener World. Penguin Publishing Group.
p. pt149. ISBN 978-1-4406-3009-5. Retrieved June 8,
^ Vasile, C.; Zaikov, G.E. (2009). Environmentally Degradable
Materials Based on Multicomponent Polymeric Systems. Taylor &
Francis. p. 630. ISBN 978-90-04-16410-9.
^ "Disposable table cloth: Patent US5084321". Google Books. February
23, 2017. Retrieved March 9, 2017.
^ Env. Research Foundation (undated). Taiwan’s Plastics Ban.
^ China Post. June 5, 2013. EPA to ban disposable cups from June 1.
^ Pre-Waste EU. (undated). Ban on disposable food and drink containers
at events in Munich, Germany (Pre-waste factsheet 99)
^ New York Times. Reus Oct. 24, 2011. Disposable
Asian Forests. By Rachel Nuwer.
^ Ecopedia. 2013. How Wooden
Chopsticks Are Killing Nature. By
^ Engineers, N.B.C. (2014). Handbook on Medical and Surgical
Disposable Products. Niir Project. p. 3.
ISBN 978-93-81039-28-1. Retrieved June 8, 2017.
^ Proctor, D.B.; Adams, A.P. (2013). Kinn's The Medical Assistant -
E-Book: An Applied Learning Approach. Elsevier Health Sciences.
p. 516. ISBN 978-0-323-18781-7. Retrieved June 8,
^ Rice, J. (2002). Medications and Mathematics for the Nurse. Delmar
Thomson Learning. p. 148. ISBN 978-0-7668-3080-6. Retrieved
June 8, 2017.
^ Chissick, S.S.; Derricott, R. (1981). Occupational health and safety
management. Properties of materials, safety and environmental factors.
J. Wiley. p. 434. ISBN 978-0-471-27646-3. Retrieved June 8,
^ Loux, R. (2008). Easy Green Living: The Ultimate Guide to Simple,
Eco-Friendly Choices for You and Your Home. Rodale Books. p. 136.
ISBN 978-1-59486-792-7. Retrieved June 8, 2017.
^ Rosdahl, C.B.; Kowalski, M.T. (2008). Textbook of Basic Nursing.
Lippincott's practical nursing. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
p. 654. ISBN 978-0-7817-6521-3. Retrieved June 8,
^ Lussi, A. (2006). Dental Erosion: From Diagnosis to Therapy.
Monographs in oral science. Karger. p. 113.
ISBN 978-3-8055-8097-7. Retrieved June 8, 2017.
^ Blatt, H. (2011). America's Environmental Report Card: Are We Making
the Grade?. MIT Press. p. 86. ISBN 978-0-262-51591-7.
Retrieved June 8, 2017.
^ Farage, M.A.; Miller, K.W.; Maibach, H.I. (2009). Textbook of Aging
Skin. Textbook of Aging Skin. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. p. 861.
ISBN 978-3-540-89655-5. Retrieved June 8, 2017.
^ Eisenberg, A.; Murkoff, H.; Hathaway, S. (2009). What to Expect the
Toddler Years. Workman Publishing Company, Incorporated. p. 544.
ISBN 978-0-7611-5100-5. Retrieved June 8, 2017.
^ Thomas, R.J. (1995). New Product Success Stories: Lessons from
Leading Innovators. New directions in business. Wiley. p. 255.
ISBN 978-0-471-01320-4. Retrieved June 8, 2017.
^ Gallant, A.; Gillott, K.; Howard, J. (1993). Principles and
Techniques for the Beauty Specialist. Principles and Techniques for
the Beauty Specialist. Nelson Thornes Limited. p. 267.
ISBN 978-0-7487-1550-3. Retrieved June 8, 2017.
^ Husain, A.M.; Sinha, S.R. (2017). Continuous EEG Monitoring:
Principles and Practice. Springer International Publishing.
p. 600. ISBN 978-3-319-31230-9. Retrieved June 8,
^ Dougherty, L.; Lister, S. (2011). The Royal Marsden Hospital Manual
of Clinical Nursing Procedures. Royal Marsden Manual Series. Wiley.
p. 99. ISBN 978-1-4443-4387-8. Retrieved June 8, 2017.
^ Hom, M.M.; Bruce, A.S. (2006). Manual of Contact Lens Prescribing
and Fitting. Butterworth-Heinemann. p. 310.
ISBN 978-0-7506-7517-8. Retrieved June 8, 2017.
^ Wellington, T. (2009). The Mom's Guide to Growing Your Family Green:
Saving the Earth Begins at Home. St. Martin's Press. p. 79.
ISBN 978-1-4299-6463-0. Retrieved June 8, 2017.
^ Warren, L. (2005). Encyclopedia of Twentieth-Century Photography,
3-Volume Set. Taylor & Francis. p. 220.
ISBN 978-1-135-20543-0. Retrieved June 8, 2017.
^ Casey, W. (2009). Firsts: Origins of Everyday Things That Changed
the World. DK Publishing. p. 89. ISBN 978-1-101-15900-2.
Retrieved June 8, 2017.
^ Wherry, T.L. (2008). Intellectual Property: Everything the
Digital-age Librarian Needs to Know. American Library Association.
p. 20. ISBN 978-0-8389-0948-5. Retrieved June 8, 2017.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Disposable goods.
Look up disposable in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
Look up disposable product in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
How disposable chopsticks are m