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DirecTV
DirecTV
(stylized as DIRECTV) is an American direct broadcast satellite service provider based in El Segundo, California
El Segundo, California
and is a subsidiary of AT&T. Its satellite service, launched on June 17, 1994, transmits digital satellite television and audio to households in the United States, Latin America
Latin America
and the Caribbean.[3][4] Its primary competitors are Dish Network
Dish Network
and cable television providers. On July 24, 2015, after receiving approval from the United States Federal Communications Commission
Federal Communications Commission
and United States
United States
Department of Justice, AT&T acquired DirecTV
DirecTV
in a transaction valued at $67.1 billion.[5][6] DirecTV
DirecTV
provides television and audio services to subscribers through satellite transmissions. Services include the equivalent of many local television stations, broadcast television networks, subscription television services, satellite radio services, and private video services. Subscribers have access to hundreds of channels, so its competitors are cable television service and other satellite-based services.[5][6] Most subscribers use reception antennas which are much smaller than the first generation antennas, which were typically a few yards (meters) across. Advances in antenna technology, including fractal antennas, have allowed a general reduction in antenna size across all industries and applications. Receiving equipment includes a satellite dish, an integrated receiver/decoder and a DirecTV
DirecTV
access card, which is necessary to operate the receiver/decoder.[7] Consumers who purchase DirecTV
DirecTV
subscribe to various packages of DirecTV
DirecTV
programming for which the subscriber pays a monthly fee. Additional monthly fees may include a protection plan (which provides for repair or replacement of consumer-leased equipment from damages caused by lightning, power surges, floods, etc.), DVR, additional receivers, HD channels, and other premium channel packages. A subscriber also can order pay-per-view and video on demand events and movies. DirecTV
DirecTV
contracts with and pays program providers such as cable networks, motion picture distributors, sports leagues, event promoters, and other programming rights holders, for the right to distribute their programming to its subscribers. All programming distributed by DirecTV
DirecTV
is delivered to its broadcast centers in Castle Rock, Colorado, and Los Angeles, where it is then digitized and compressed. The resulting signal is encrypted by DirecTV
DirecTV
to prevent its unauthorized reception. DirecTV
DirecTV
then transmits these signals to several satellites located in geostationary orbit.[7] As of Q1 2017, DirecTV
DirecTV
U.S. had 21 million subscribers (26 million if combined with U-verse) and revenues of $12 billion. In addition to serving residences, DirecTV
DirecTV
offers service to bars, restaurants, hotels, dorms, and hospitals through their DirecTV
DirecTV
for business service. The company also offered mobile service for cars, boats, and RVs ( DirecTV
DirecTV
Mobile) as well as aircraft ( DirecTV
DirecTV
Airborne) in cooperation with Connexion by Boeing. On November 30, 2016, DirecTV Now, their internet streaming TV service, was launched.[8]

Contents

1 History

1.1 Hughes Electronics 1.2 Becoming a standalone entity 1.3 Expansion

1.3.1 Acquisitions

1.4 Subsidiary of AT&T (2015–present) 1.5 DirecTV
DirecTV
Now

2 Satellites 3 Receivers 4 Access card history 5 High-definition television (HDTV) 6 4K television 7 Local channels 8 Programming 9 Marketing

9.1 DirecTV
DirecTV
blimp

10 Customer service

10.1 Better Business Bureau
Better Business Bureau
review

11 Consumer protection lawsuits and violations

11.1 Washington State's Attorney General civil complaint 11.2 California
California
class action lawsuit 11.3 Telemarketing violations 11.4 Deceptive advertising

12 See also 13 References 14 External links

History[edit] Hughes Electronics[edit]

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Hughes Electronics logo (1985-1990)

In 1953, Howard Hughes
Howard Hughes
created the Howard Hughes
Howard Hughes
Medical Institute (HHMI), to which he transferred full ownership of Hughes Aircraft. Ostensibly created as a non-profit medical research foundation, HHMI was accused of being used by Hughes as a tax shelter.[9] Following Hughes' death in 1976, HHMI was incorporated in 1977, and litigation ensued to determine whether it would be allowed to maintain its interest in Hughes Aircraft.[citation needed] In 1984, the court appointed a new board for HHMI, which proceeded to sell off Hughes Aircraft to General Motors
General Motors
on December 20, 1985, for an estimated $5.1 billion.[10] General Motors
General Motors
then merged Hughes Aircraft
Hughes Aircraft
with its subsidiary Delco Electronics
Delco Electronics
to create Hughes Electronics Corporation.[citation needed] The new subsidiary was initially composed of four units: Delco Electronics
Delco Electronics
Company, Hughes Aircraft Company, Hughes Space and Communications Company, and Hughes Network Systems.[citation needed] Stanley E. Hubbard founded United States
United States
Satellite Broadcasting (USSB) in 1981 and was a leading proponent for the development of direct-broadcast satellite service in the United States.[citation needed] USSB was awarded five frequencies by the FCC, at the coveted 101 degree west satellite location.[citation needed] Hughes Communications, Inc. was also awarded 27 frequencies at the same 101-degree location.[citation needed] After many years, the technology was developed to enable the building of very high-power satellites, and digital compression (MPEG-2) standards were developed that allowed multiple digital television channels to be sent through each satellite frequency.[citation needed] Hughes attempted to create a joint venture with NBC, News Corp., and Cablevision
Cablevision
in 1990, to launch the first high-power digital television service called Sky Cable.[11] Failing to do so, the company instead created DirecTV
DirecTV
as a separate division and secured an agreement with USSB to build and launch the first high-power direct-broadcast satellite system.[citation needed] DirecTV's name is a portmanteau of "direct" and "TV" (as in direct broadcast satellite television).[citation needed] Hughes/ DirecTV
DirecTV
then turned to Thomson Consumer Electronics (under the RCA, GE, and ProScan brands) to develop the digital satellite system for the service that would be capable of receiving 175 channels on a small 18-inch dish.[citation needed] These dishes utilized a new generation of smaller, lighter receiver dishes based on military technology introduced by the Global Broadcast System, which predated DirecTV's viability by almost ten years.[citation needed] Hughes was awarded the contract to build and launch the new high-powered satellites, and USSB and DirecTV
DirecTV
agreed that the new satellites would carry the two separate programming services: USSB and DirecTV.[citation needed] The USSB and DirecTV
DirecTV
programming services were launched on June 17, 1994.[citation needed] Digital Equipment Corporation
Digital Equipment Corporation
provided the hardware for DirecTV, Matrixx Marketing (part of Cincinnati Bell) provided customer care via the Matrixx Plus department, and DBS Systems created the billing software.[citation needed] In December 1998, DirecTV
DirecTV
acquired USSB for $1.3 billion, and combined the two satellite services.[12] In 1999, DirecTV
DirecTV
acquired PrimeStar, a competitor in the satellite television industry, for $1.83 billion, dramatically increasing its share of the satellite television market in the US.[13] In September 1996, Hughes purchased 70% of PanAmSat for $3 billion.[14] In 1997, GM spun off Delco Electronics
Delco Electronics
from Hughes and transferred it to Delphi Automotive Systems.[15] That same year, Hughes Aircraft
Hughes Aircraft
was sold to Raytheon
Raytheon
for $9.5 billion.[16] Raytheon
Raytheon
filed a lawsuit in 1999 accusing Hughes of overstating the value of Hughes Aircraft
Hughes Aircraft
by $1 billion.[17] A $635.5-million settlement was reached in 2001.[18] In 2000, Hughes Space and Communications was sold to Boeing
Boeing
for $3.75 billion,[19] which it later claimed had also been overvalued by Hughes. Hughes later settled with Boeing
Boeing
for $360 million.[20] These sales left DirecTV, PanAmSat and Hughes Network Systems as the remaining components of Hughes Electronics. Direct satellite broadcaster were mandated in 1992 to set aside 4% of its channel space for noncommercial educational and informational programming. DirecTV
DirecTV
selected C-SPAN, EWTN
EWTN
and the Trinity Broadcasting Network from its current channel lineup plus request additional proposals from other programmers. DirecTV
DirecTV
had given PBS Kids, PBS's original application, carriage that did not count against the set aside six weeks before the deadline. DirecTV
DirecTV
selected an additional six channels; Clara+Vision, Inspirational Life, NASA TV, PBS YOU, StarNet and WorldLink TV, for the mandate.[21] In September 2000, GM executives, under pressure from GM's shareholders as a result of its poor performance and the substantially greater market worth of Hughes, authorized Hughes executives to begin seeking buyers.[22] In 2001, News Corporation
News Corporation
began negotiations to acquire Hughes Electronics in a deal worth $8 billion, which would allow News Corp.
News Corp.
to expand its Sky Global Networks satellite television operations into the United States.[23] Negotiations with News Corp.
News Corp.
ultimately failed, and Hughes entered into an agreement on October 28, 2001 to be purchased for $26 billion by EchoStar, owner of Dish Network.[24] However, the deal attracted significant opposition from the Department of Justice and the Federal Communications Commission for antitrust concerns, leading the two companies to withdraw the agreement in December 2002.[25] As part of the merger agreement, EchoStar
EchoStar
was required to pay Hughes $600 million for the failure of the merger.[25] On April 9, 2003, News Corporation
News Corporation
agreed to purchase a 34% controlling interest in Hughes, including GM's entire share of the company, for $6.6 billion, subject to SEC approval.[26] As part of the financing for the deal, Liberty Media
Liberty Media
agreed to take a $500-million option of stock in News Corporation
News Corporation
that would be exercised upon the closing of the deal. Liberty, the second-largest shareholder in News Corp. after the Murdoch family with 18%, had originally planned to bid for DirecTV, but opted not to upon the agreement.[26] The FCC voted 3-2 along party lines on December 19, 2003 to approve the deal subject to conditions, forcing News Corp.
News Corp.
to agree to arbitration for all disputes with carriers of its media broadcasters, and to provide content through DirecTV
DirecTV
neutrally rather than favoring its own networks.[27]

Year Subscribers

1994 320,000

1995 1,200,000

1996 2,300,000

1997 3,301,000

1998 4,458,000

1999 6,679,000

2000 9,554,000

2001 10,218,000

2002 11,181,000

2003 12,290,000

2004 13,000,000

2005 15,000,000

2006 15,950,000

2007 16,830,000

2008 17,620,000

2009 18,081,000

2010 19,200,000

2012 19,900,000

2014 20,265,000

Becoming a standalone entity[edit] In February 2004, Hughes announced its intent to focus solely on its satellite television operations and divest its other interests, renaming itself The DirecTV
DirecTV
Group, Inc. on March 16, 2004 and changing its ticker symbol from "HS" to "DTV".[28] In April of that year, it sold its controlling interest in PanAmSat to a private consortium led by Kohlberg Kravis Roberts
Kohlberg Kravis Roberts
for $3.53 billion.[29] On April 22, 2005, DirecTV
DirecTV
spun off Hughes Network Systems into a separate entity and sold 50% of the new entity to SkyTerra, acquiring $157.4 million in the transaction.[30] In January 2006, DirecTV sold its remaining 50% share in Hughes Network Systems to SkyTerra for $100 million.[31] The sale effectively ended DirecTV's 20-year existence through Hughes Electronics as a technology conglomerate, leaving it solely with its satellite television services. In 2004, DirecTV
DirecTV
abandoned the Mexican market, though it maintained 41% ownership of SKY México.[32] On November 15, 2005, DirecTV stopped carrying Music Choice
Music Choice
audio-only channels, replacing it with 73 channels of XM Satellite Radio. In 2007, DirecTV
DirecTV
abandoned the Brazilian market, with the customers being migrated to the 74% DirecTV-owned Brazilian affiliate of SKY Brasil.[32] In 2010, DirecTV increased its stake in Sky Brasil to 93%. Expansion[edit]

DirecTV
DirecTV
logo 2004-2011. The "D" symbol was used in some capacity from 1990-2015. Still used as a secondary logo and also still used in Latin America.

On January 9, 2007, DirecTV
DirecTV
announced they would introduce up to 100 national HD channels during 2007, all of which would be MPEG-4 encoded.[33] On October 3, 2008, DirecTV
DirecTV
announced that it would offer HD local channels in 121 markets by year end.[34] In December 2006, News Corporation
News Corporation
announced its intention to transfer its 38.5% controlling interest in The DirecTV
DirecTV
Group, four regional Fox Sports Net stations and $550 million cash to Liberty Media
Liberty Media
in exchange for Liberty's 19% interest in News Corp., giving the Murdoch family tighter control of the latter firm.[35] The deal, valued at $11 billion, was approved by News Corp.
News Corp.
shareholders in April 2007.[36] Following revisions that increased the cash offer to $625 million in exchange for a reduction of Liberty's divested interest in News Corp.
News Corp.
to 16%, the swap was completed on February 27, 2008 following Federal Communications Commission
Federal Communications Commission
(FCC) approval.[37] One condition placed by the FCC on the deal was that Liberty divest either its DirecTV
DirecTV
operations or Liberty Global's cable operations in Puerto Rico, which Liberty fulfilled by placing DirecTV's Puerto Rican operations in a trust.[38] On May 4, 2009, Liberty announced that it would split off Liberty Entertainment, Inc., a subsidiary of Liberty owning the four FSN channels acquired under the swap with News Corp.
News Corp.
and Liberty's 65% interest in Game Show Network, into a separate company to be merged with The DirecTV
DirecTV
Group, reducing Liberty owner John Malone's stake in DirecTV
DirecTV
to 24%.[39] The merger was completed on November 19, 2009, with The DirecTV
DirecTV
Group and Liberty Entertainment becoming subsidiaries of a new company named DirecTV.[40] On June 16, 2010, Malone exchanged his preferred stock in DirecTV
DirecTV
with equivalent amounts of common stock, reducing his voting interest in the company from 24% to 3%, with Malone resigning as Chairman and ending his managerial role at DirecTV.[41] On February 9, 2010, DirecTV
DirecTV
dropped Sirius XM
Sirius XM
Radio and replaced the channel lineup with Sonic Tap audio stations.[42] On April 1, 2011, DirecTV
DirecTV
announced it would be renaming its three FSN channels as Root Sports, though the channels are still affiliated with FSN.[43] Acquisitions[edit]

On December 13, 2007, DirecTV
DirecTV
purchased most of the assets of ReplayTV from D&M Holdings.[44] In June 2013, DirecTV
DirecTV
purchased Pennsylvania-based LifeShield, a maker of wireless home security systems, with plans to market the systems to its customers.[45]

Subsidiary of AT&T (2015–present)[edit]

DirecTV
DirecTV
transitional logo following purchase by AT&T

On May 18, 2014, AT&T announced that it would purchase DirecTV.[46][47] In the deal, which had been approved by boards of both companies, DirecTV
DirecTV
stockholders received $95 a share in cash and stock, valuing the deal at $48.5 billion. Including assumed debt, the total purchase price was about $67.1 billion. The deal was aimed at increasing AT&T's market share in the pay-TV sector; its existing U-verse brand had modest market share (5.7 million users compared to DirecTV's 20 million US customers as of 2014) and operates in only 22 states. It also gave AT&T access to fast-growing Latin American markets, where DirecTV
DirecTV
has 18 million subscribers. The deal faced regulatory approval by the FCC, the U.S. Department of Justice, and some Latin American governments. It was expected to take about 12 months to complete.[48] The deal was also contingent on the combined company's ability to renew its exclusive rights to carry the NFL Sunday Ticket service beyond the 2015 NFL season
2015 NFL season
on "substantially the terms discussed between the parties."[49] The acquisition was officially approved by the FCC on July 24, 2015; it is subject to conditions for four years, requiring AT&T to expand its fiberoptic broadband service to additional customers, public libraries, and schools, and to "refrain from imposing discriminatory usage-based allowances or other discriminatory retail terms and conditions on its broadband internet service".[50][51] At an analyst meeting in August 2015, AT&T announced plans to converge DirecTV
DirecTV
and its IPTV-based U-verse service around a common "home entertainment gateway" platform based upon DirecTV
DirecTV
hardware, with "very thin hardware profiles". AT&T Entertainment and Internet
Internet
Services CEO John Stankey explained that the new platform would offer "single truck roll installation for multiple products, live local streaming, improved content portability, over-the-top integration for mobile broadband, and user interface re-engineering. All of these are steps that are planned to deliver that premium effortless entertainment experience anywhere."[52][53][54] In September 2015, AT&T selected Ericsson
Ericsson
to be hardware provider for the new platform, and hired former Sirius XM, Cisco Systems
Cisco Systems
and Microsoft
Microsoft
executive VP Enrique Rodriguez to be vice president and CTO of the AT&T Entertainment and Internet
Internet
Services division.[55][56] On December 2, 2015, AT&T announced plans to phase out the DirecTV brand as part of the introduction of the new platform, which will be marketed as AT&T Entertainment. The company also adopted a new logo, replacing its previous emblem with that of AT&T.[57][58][59] In February 2016, Bloomberg reported that AT&T was in the process of phasing out the U-verse IPTV
IPTV
service by encouraging new customers to purchase DirecTV
DirecTV
satellite service instead, and by ending the production of new set-top boxes for the service. An AT&T spokesperson denied that U-verse was being shut down, and explained that the company was "leading its video marketing approach with DirecTV" to "realize the many benefits" of the purchase, but would still recommend U-verse TV if it better-suited a customer's needs. AT&T CFO John Stephens had also previously stated that DirecTV's larger subscriber base as a national service gave the service a higher degree of leverage in negotiating carriage deals, thus resulting in lower content costs.[60][61][62] On October 20, 2016, it was reported that AT&T was in talks to acquire Time Warner, in an effort to increase its media holdings.[63][64][65] On October 22, 2016, AT&T reached a deal to buy Time Warner
Time Warner
for over $80 billion. If approved by federal regulators, the merger would bring DirecTV
DirecTV
under the same umbrella as HBO, Turner Broadcasting System
Turner Broadcasting System
and the Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
studio.[66][67] On April 25, 2017, it was reported that AT&T dropped over 230,000 U-verse subscribers.[68][69] On July 13, 2017, it was reported that AT&T is going to introduce a cloud-based DVR streaming service as part of its effort to create a unified platform across DirecTV
DirecTV
and its DirecTV Now
DirecTV Now
streaming service, with U-verse to be added soon.[70][71][72] On September 12, 2017, it was reported that AT&T is planning to launch a brand new cable TV-like service for delivery over-the-top over its own or a competitor's broadband network sometime next year.[73] Because of the merger with Time Warner, AT&T plans to sell DirecTV Pan-American and Sky Brasil for about US$8.0 billion, while keeping their share in Sky Mexico.[74] On February 10, 2018, Sonic Tap was replaced by Music Choice
Music Choice
which was originally on the service until November 15, 2005. On March 13, 2018, it was reported that AT&T has filed a trademark for "AT&T TV" with the U.S. Patent & Trademark Office.[75][76][77] DirecTV
DirecTV
Now[edit] Main article: DirecTV
DirecTV
Now On March 1, 2016, AT&T announced plans for several DirecTV-branded over-the-top services, including DirecTV
DirecTV
Now—a contract-free over-the-top internet television service, DirecTV
DirecTV
Mobile—a service which will offer "premium video and made for digital content" for phones, and DirecTV
DirecTV
Preview, an ad-supported service featuring content from Audience Network, Otter Media, and other partners.[78][79][80] DirecTV Now
DirecTV Now
launched on November 30, 2016, and is directly competing against Sling TV
Sling TV
and PlayStation Vue. AT&T CEO Randall Stephenson stated of the service that "there is a huge customer base out there that we are convinced, while they don't subscribe to a bundle of premium content today, at the right price point [delivered] over-the-top, they will."[81][82] Satellites[edit] Main article: DirecTV
DirecTV
satellite fleet As of June 2016[update], DirecTV
DirecTV
manages a fleet of 13 satellites in geostationary orbit at positions ranging from 95°W to 119°W, ensuring strong coverage of the North American continent. Receivers[edit] In the past, receivers were manufactured by DirecTV
DirecTV
and other companies, including Samsung Electronics, Philips, Sony Electronics, Panasonic, Mitsubishi Electronics, and Toshiba. Other companies' DirecTV
DirecTV
receivers have been phased out and DirecTV
DirecTV
now designs their own models with companies such as Pace Micro Technology
Pace Micro Technology
of Britain, LG of South Korea (which had manufactured boxes under the LG and Zenith Electronics names), and Thomson of France (which had previously manufactured boxes under the RCA name, GE (under license), and the ProScan brand). DirecTV
DirecTV
and TiVo
TiVo
announced on September 3, 2008, that they will work together to develop a version of the TiVo
TiVo
service for DirecTV's broadband-enabled HD DVR platform.[83] Originally scheduled to launch in the second half of 2009, it was expected to be available in spring 2010 but delayed again.[84] It was finally released on December 6, 2011.[85] The new unit, model THR22, is now available in select markets.[86][87] The THR22 DVR does not have all the features of the HR24 DVRs.[88] DirecTV
DirecTV
typically uses a fixed 18-inch-diameter (460 mm) dish antenna to receive its signals. Traditionally an 18×24-inch elliptical was used; however, most new installations use an 18×20-inch antenna to receive signals from three geostationary satellite positions simultaneously. These systems are becoming more common as DirecTV
DirecTV
attempts to squeeze more programming onto its growing systems. DTV is now installing a dish that has five LNBs for HDTV programming and local channels in selected markets. These systems receive signals from up to five separate satellites in both the Ku band and Ka band. After the new satellite, DirecTV
DirecTV
11, is fully operational, DirecTV
DirecTV
will stop supplying dual, triple, and five-LNB dishes to all customers and move to supplying a three-LNB Ka/Ku dish known as the Slimline3. This dish will see orbital locations 99, 101, and 103 degrees West. The Slimline3 will be the new standard install dish (for HD and SD programming), while the five-LNB Slimline will be used for installs in areas that receive local or international programming from orbital locations 110 or 119. The Slimline3 looks nearly identical to its predecessor, aside from a smaller LNB. The new DirecTV
DirecTV
HD channels require an H20/HR20 or H21/HR21/HR22/HR23/H24/HR24 set top box (STB). In order to receive the new HD channels (channels added after September 2007), all HD receivers except the HR23 must have a B-Band converter installed. If the converter is not installed, viewers can only receive older HD channels (channels 70–99). The B-Band Converter (BBC) is also not required with the new Single Wire Multiswitch (SWM or SWiM) system, which preselects the satellite and transponder tuning and can feed up to 8 tuners via a single coaxial cable. The "HR" moniker designates the receiver as a HD digital video recorder (DVR) model. Only the H20/HR20 support direct reception of over-the-air ATSC broadcasts. The H21/HR21/HR22/HR23/H24/HR24 receivers do not have a built in ATSC
ATSC
tuner, but the AM21 external tuner is available. In addition, there is HDMI
HDMI
support for HDTVs with an HDMI
HDMI
port. New STBs also support MPEG-4 standard for HD *Programming. DirecTV
DirecTV
also offers the AM21 (an ATSC
ATSC
add-on for the HR21), the HR21-Pro (an HD-DVR with 100 hours HD or 400 hours SD recording capacity), and an online DVR scheduler.

DirecTV
DirecTV
Receiver is a common standard-definition model. D12 was the last one produced, as this type of receiver is being slowly phased out, according to DirecTV's February 28, 2008 Investors Info. DirecTV
DirecTV
HD Receiver (H10/H20/H21/H23/H24/H25) is a receiver which can receive an HD signal and broadcast in 1080i
1080i
resolution. H25 is the latest version. After a 2009 software upgrade, the H2n series is capable of receiving 1080p
1080p
resolution. The H2n series is also the only series capable of operating with the Whole-Home DVR. DirecTV
DirecTV
Plus DVR (R15/R16/R22) is a standard receiver with a built-in digital video recorder. It contains a 160 GB (new models as of 2010 have a 360 GB) hard disk using the IDE 40-pin connection and can store up to 100 hours of programming. R16-300 is the last of these line of receivers; they are being slowly phased out, according to DirecTV's February 28, 2008 Investors Info. The R22 is a "watered down" HR21 as it can receive MPEG4 and has all the features of the HD DVR, including HD output. However the unit is locked to output standard definition only. In 2010 the R22 is unlocked to output HD output. DirecTV
DirecTV
Plus HD-DVR (HR20/HR21/HR22/HR23/HR24), the most advanced everyday-consumer receiver in the lineup, is capable of full 1080p high definition and combines both high-definition and DVR capabilities in one unit. It contains a 320 GB hard drive (500 GB on the HR22, HR23,and HR24) using the SATA interface connection. The DirecTV Plus HD DVR also features Media Share, allowing users to view photos and listen to music stored on their computer (with compatible DLNA server software) on their TV, and Whole-Home DVR Service which allows them to watch any recorded program on any HD or HD-DVR receiver in the house. The HR24 is the latest, with the HR23 being its predecessor. The HR24 like the HR21, HR22, and HR23, lacks an ATSC
ATSC
tuner as the HR20s had, but does support the AM21 external tuner for over-the-air channels. The HR24 can be expanded to 2TB drive on the eSATA port for up to 480 hours of HD and 1,750 hours of SD recording. DirecTV
DirecTV
Pro HD-DVR (HR21-Pro), the most advanced home theater receiver with HD and DVR in one unit, has a larger capacity hard drive, better cooling and is rack mountable. The DirecTV
DirecTV
Pro HD DVR also features Media Share, allowing users to enjoy photos and music stored on their Intel Viiv processor technology-based PC on their TVs. HR24 is the latest (May 2010). Guide scrolling and channel surfing is much faster than previous models. The DirecTV
DirecTV
"Genie" Home Media Center HD DVR (HR-34) the successor to the HR-24 features the ability to record 5 shows at once, allows for Picture in Picture, and has 1 TB of hard drive space allowing for 200 hours of high-definition recording or 800 hours of standard-definition recording. A second-generation Genie, the HR44, is now available and the HR34 has been discontinued. A new generation Genie, the HR54, has been released.[89] The DirecTV
DirecTV
H44 "Genie Lite" was released to the public in July 2015. As delivered, it provides the Genie experience including controlling client boxes and standalone television. With the addition of a specific, DIRECTV-branded hard drive it converts into a five-tuner DVR.[90] DirecTV
DirecTV
Sat-Go ("Satellite-To-Go") is the world's first portable satellite TV system, conceived by producer Rick Rosner.[91] It combines a receiver, antenna and TV all in one easy-to-carry unit. It was discontinued in 2010. DirecTV
DirecTV
DVR with TiVo
TiVo
Service (THR22) uses the same technology as the HR22 but has a TiVo
TiVo
user interface. The interface is currently the older SD one. This DVR does connect to the Internet, but only for TiVo program guide information. Currently the THR22 cannot download program content via broadband.[88]

AT&T's planned over-the-top service for DirecTV
DirecTV
won't require a satellite dish or a receiver to receive DirecTV
DirecTV
programming, but simply a high-speed internet connection. DirecTV Now
DirecTV Now
will be available through digital media player devices such as Roku, Amazon Fire TV, Chromecast, and Apple TV.[78][79][80] Access card history[edit] DirecTV
DirecTV
transmits programming with encryption to mitigate signal piracy. The receiver (also known as an IRD, or "integrated receiver-decoder") utilizes ISO/IEC 7816
ISO/IEC 7816
smart cards which tell the receiver how to decrypt the programming for viewing. In a continuing effort to combat piracy, an access card generation is created approximately every two years, superseding the old set. DirecTV
DirecTV
is now utilizing a fifth generation of access cards.

P1, also known as F cards, were used until 1997. F cards have a picture of a satellite and the DSS logo on the front. P2, also known as H cards, were introduced in 1996 and eventually replaced F cards. H cards look the same as F cards. H cards were in use until 2002. P3, also known as HU cards, were introduced in 1999 and were used until April 2004. HU cards have a picture of a football player, a basketball, a clapperboard, and a film canister on the front. HU cards originally shipped with receivers with serial numbers above 0001 700 000. These were removed from circulation because piracy plagued the system. P4 cards were introduced in 2002 and are currently still in use. P4 cards are labeled "Access Card: 4." D1 cards were introduced in 2004 following compatibility problems with the P4 cards in some receivers. These cards can be identified by the silver edges, and simply bear the word "DirecTV" on the front (no number). D2/P12 cards were introduced in 2005. This is the current "standard issue" card. These cards can be identified by a two-toned blue dot pattern resembling the DirecTV
DirecTV
logo in addition to the DirecTV
DirecTV
logo and the words " DirecTV
DirecTV
Access Card". This card has a picture of a satellite on the front. The period 12 card is the only card that will work with R15, H20, and HR20 series receivers.

DirecTV
DirecTV
has battled with an active signal piracy underground for many years. One infamous event that temporarily hampered pirates was known as 'Black Sunday', which took place one week before Super Bowl Sunday in 2001. Hackers saw a string of software updates starting in late 2000 that seemed harmless, but included code that once complete searched for and destroyed 98% of hacked smart cards. Hacks continued after that event.[92][93][94] High-definition television (HDTV)[edit]

DirecTV
DirecTV
AU9-S 3-LNB "Slimline" satellite dish

DirecTV
DirecTV
AT-9 5-LNB "Sidecar" satellite dish

Like its competitors, DirecTV
DirecTV
offers high-definition television (HDTV) and interactive services. To handle the proliferation of bandwidth-intensive HDTV broadcasting, DirecTV
DirecTV
rebroadcasts local HDTV stations using the H.264/ MPEG-4 AVC codec while employing a newer transmission protocol (DVB-S2) over the newer satellites. This allows DirecTV
DirecTV
to squeeze much more HD programming over its satellite signal than was previously feasible using the older MPEG-2
MPEG-2
compression and DSS protocol it has been using. This technology will be gradually expanded to the existing satellites as customer equipment is replaced with new MPEG-4-capable receivers. Receiving the channels encoded in MPEG-4 requires newer receivers, such as the H20 as well as the 5-LNB Ka/Ku dish. DirecTV
DirecTV
has contracted with Britain's Pace Micro Technology, Korea's LG Electronics and France's Thomson to manufacture these new receivers. Pace manufactures the DirecTV
DirecTV
Plus HD DVR (Model HR20-700, and HR21-700) and LG Electronics
LG Electronics
offers the Model H20-600 receiver, while Thomson provides the Model H20-100 and HR20-100 DVR receivers. DirecTV has admitted to software issues with some of the H20 receivers and HR20 DVRs, which have been plagued with random problems since they were released in mid-2006. DirecTV
DirecTV
regularly released software updates for the HR20 receivers, in an effort to reduce issues to an acceptable level. DirecTV
DirecTV
has phased out its original TiVo-branded HD DVR, the HR10-250, which can only decode the older MPEG-2
MPEG-2
signals. All DirecTV-delivered local HDTV stations (outside of the NYC and LA network stations) are encoded in MPEG-4. The HR10-250 cannot receive the MPEG-4 local HDTV stations in these markets but can still receive over-the-air ATSC broadcasts in these markets. After a multi-year hiatus, TiVo
TiVo
and DirecTV
DirecTV
are developing a new TiVo
TiVo
enabled HD DVR that will be able to receive/decode DirecTV's current MPEG-4 satellite signals. Originally slated for release in the second half of 2009, it is now available in select markets.[86][87] 4K television[edit] In November 2014, DirecTV
DirecTV
became the first television provider to begin offering 4K ultra-high definition content. On launch, 4K content was limited to renting a small library of on-demand films, downloaded to the subscriber's Genie DVR (some 4K content can also be pre-loaded automatically to the set-top box via the Genie Recommends feature). The 4K service could also only be used on " DirecTV
DirecTV
4K Ready" televisions, which support RVU protocol; this was limited to selected Samsung 4K televisions released in 2014.[95] In 2015, DirecTV
DirecTV
introduced 4K Genie Mini set-top boxes, which can be connected to any HDMI
HDMI
2.0/HDCP 2.2-compliant devices to provide 4K video.[96] In April 2016, DirecTV
DirecTV
began live sports broadcasts in 4K to eligible subscribers, including coverage from the 2016 Masters Tournament,[97][98] 25 MLB Network
MLB Network
Showcase baseball games in the 2016 season (subject to local blackout restrictions) beginning April 15, 2016,[99] and all Notre Dame college football home games during the 2016 season.[100] Local channels[edit] DirecTV
DirecTV
also offers local channels like CBS, ABC, NBC, Fox, PBS, The CW, Telemundo, Azteca, Univision, ION Television
Television
(in markets that carry that network), and some independent stations in markets covering over 99.2% of U.S. TV households.[101] In markets that lack an OTA CW affiliate, DirecTV
DirecTV
offers WDCW
WDCW
from Washington or KTLA
KTLA
from Los Angeles (both in standard definition, only). Because DirecTV
DirecTV
does not carry local digital subchannels, however, broadcast networks such as MeTV
MeTV
and Antenna TV
Antenna TV
are not available on DirecTV
DirecTV
in most markets. Subscribers located where they cannot receive an adequate terrestrial television signal and/or live in a tiny market that only has a couple of stations can receive feeds from New York and Los Angeles for CBS, ABC, NBC, and Fox, as well as a feed from the Washington, D.C. CW affiliate, though a waiver from the local affiliate stations may be required to allow this, approved at their discretion. National PBS and ION channels are also available. In the largest markets, local channels are carried on the satellite at 101°W. In some smaller markets, the local channels are carried on a second satellite located at 119°W which requires a slightly larger dish with two or three LNBs or the newer Ka/Ku 5-LNB dish. In a few smaller markets, local stations are located on a satellite at 72.5°W that requires a second dish to be installed. In late 2005, DirecTV
DirecTV
began providing local HDTV channels to the largest markets, requiring newer receivers with a larger dish capable of receiving signals from up to five satellites at once. The Ku-band signals on the newer Ka/Ku dish are received from 101°W, 110°W, and 119°W, while Ka-band signals are from 99°W and 103°W. Local television channels are transmitted over optical fiber links, Ku-band satellite uplink, microwave, and conventional terrestrial transmission to uplink centers located throughout the United States. DirecTV
DirecTV
can provide true HD into hotels (Pro:Idiom). Cable companies have been able to provide true HD to hotels for over 2 years now with the installation of private video networks (FTTP to Coax conversion & Pro:Idiom) or with HFC HD video distribution systems (Pro:Idiom).

JetBlue
JetBlue
promotes DirecTV
DirecTV
on board Airbus A320 N510JB "Out of the Blue"

DirecTV
DirecTV
on board a jetBlue plane.

Programming[edit] See also: Audience Network DirecTV's exclusive general entertainment channel Audience Network
Audience Network
has dozens of original and acquired programs, most of them unedited and commercial-free. It had its own exclusive 3DTV
3DTV
channel called n3D that launched in 2010 and shut down in 2012. DirecTV
DirecTV
serves American Airlines, Delta Air Lines, JetBlue, and United Airlines. DirecTV
DirecTV
owns regional sports networks AT&T SportsNet Pittsburgh, AT&T SportsNet Southwest, AT&T SportsNet Rocky Mountain, and Root Sports
Root Sports
Northwest (all under the umbrella of AT&T Sports Networks). It also owns minority shares of Game Show Network
Game Show Network
and MLB Network. DirecTV
DirecTV
is also the exclusive U.S. rights holder to the NFL Sunday Ticket sports package. It also exclusively carries the "DirecTV Experience", which includes bonus coverage of men's major golf tournaments and Grand Slam tennis tournaments, including live feeds not available on other networks such as CBS, NBC, ESPN, Golf Channel and Tennis Channel
Tennis Channel
that cover the events. DirecTV
DirecTV
was also the exclusive provider of defunct sports packages NASCAR Hot Pass
NASCAR Hot Pass
and Mega March Madness. Marketing[edit] Beginning in 2006, DirecTV
DirecTV
began a series of commercials in which characters from popular movies and television shows break the fourth wall to tout the service's picture quality and the number of channels available in high definition. Instead of using CGI the original actors normally reprise their roles on recreated sets, and resulting footage is mixed with the original scenes. The productions are recent and appeal to DirecTV's "male-oriented marketing message."[102] These characters include Captain Kirk (William Shatner, Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country), Bill Harding (Bill Paxton, Twister), The Economics Teacher (Ben Stein, Ferris Bueller's Day Off), Dr. Emmett Brown (Christopher Lloyd, Back to the Future), Burton Guster
Burton Guster
(Dulé Hill, Psych), C.J. Parker
C.J. Parker
(Pamela Anderson, Baywatch), Rick "Wild Thing" Vaughn (Charlie Sheen, Major League), Beyoncé ( Upgrade U
Upgrade U
music video), Nadia (Shannon Elizabeth, American Pie), Turtle (Jerry Ferrara, Entourage), Ellen Ripley (Sigourney Weaver, Aliens), Steve Freeling (Craig T. Nelson, Poltergeist), Annie Wilkes
Annie Wilkes
(Kathy Bates, Misery), Mini-Me (Verne Troyer, Austin Powers In Goldmember), The Girl in the Ferrari (Christie Brinkley, National Lampoon's Vacation), Daisy Duke (Jessica Simpson, The Dukes of Hazzard), T-1000
T-1000
(Robert Patrick, Terminator 2: Judgment Day), Ann Darrow (Naomi Watts, King Kong), Hellboy
Hellboy
(Ron Perlman, Hellboy), Richard Hayden (David Spade, Tommy Boy), The Black Eyed Peas
The Black Eyed Peas
( Meet Me Halfway
Meet Me Halfway
music video), Christina Aguilera ( Keeps Gettin' Better
Keeps Gettin' Better
music video) and Honey Hornee (Kim Basinger, Wayne's World 2). Also in this series of commercials were Peyton Manning, Eli Manning, and Archie Manning
Archie Manning
promoting NFL Sunday Ticket, and Dale Earnhardt, Jr.
Dale Earnhardt, Jr.
promoting NASCAR Hot Pass. Cartoon characters have also been used in the ads, beginning with Scooby-Doo and the Mystery, Inc. gang. Recent commercials have also featured model Hannah Davis and a "talking" horse. DirecTV
DirecTV
during that time also ran series of ads that takes shots at cable television's service (or lack of service). Beginning in March 2010, they did a spoof of the classic game show To Tell The Truth
To Tell The Truth
with Alex Trebek
Alex Trebek
hosting the show. The series of commercials both pays homage to the Goodson-Todman
Goodson-Todman
game show, and take shots at both cable and DirecTV's archrival Dish Network, who later sued for false advertising. Another series of commercials, promoting the 2010 NFL Sunday Ticket package of all-football programming, featured neighbors committing uncivil acts to neighbors who watched the "wrong" football team. One spot had a woman leaving a snack platter for a neighbor on which the food spelled out "DIRT BAG"; another showed a dog trashing a neighbor's property; yet another showed an on-duty policeman knocking on a DirecTV
DirecTV
customer's door, stunning him with a taser and leaving him passed out in his open doorway. In August 2011, Deion Sanders began appearing in DirecTV's ads for NFL Sunday Ticket, urging people to switch from cable. These ads originally claimed NFL Sunday Ticket is now "free" for new customers for one year with a subscription to their Premiere package and a two-year contract. In response, on August 4, 2011, Comcast
Comcast
sued DirecTV
DirecTV
for false advertising.[103] Comcast dropped the case on August 19, 2011, after DirecTV
DirecTV
altered the ads to remove the word "free", changing it to "at no extra charge".[104] DirecTV
DirecTV
blimp[edit]

DirecTV
DirecTV
Blimp flying over West Las Vegas during the Consumer Electronics Show 2015.

The DirecTV
DirecTV
blimp named "lefty" was launched in October 2007 at the MLB
MLB
World Series
World Series
in Boston
Boston
and has been seen all over the United States since its inception. The blimp flies mainly over live sporting events but has also been seen at other entertainment and charitable venues. This second generation A-170LS Video Lightsign Lightship features the state of the art video screen that displays full color video images day or night. This lightsign, the only one of its kind in the world, is used to display messaging and advertising for DirecTV. The blimp has been recently spotted on Twitter
Twitter
as followers track the journeys of the blimp from one event to another. The airship is owned and operated by The Lightship Group, an advertising company based in Orlando, Florida.[105] Customer service[edit]

DirecTV
DirecTV
service van, Ypsilanti Township, Michigan. DirecTV
DirecTV
equipment is installed and maintained by private contractors such as Multiband as shown here. In most areas throughout the United States installation, upgrades, and service are performed by DirecTV
DirecTV
home services, a division of DirecTV
DirecTV
corporate.

DirecTV
DirecTV
was awarded a J.D. Power award for residential cable and satellite TV customer satisfaction in 2007.[106] DirecTV's customer service is provided by many third-party owned call centers both inside and outside the United States. Most of the call centers are contracted to provide agents to answer customer phone calls regarding programming, billing, or technical questions. As of November 2012[update], DirecTV
DirecTV
does not offer a 30-day grace period for those who wish to try the service. "If you do not fulfill your Programming Agreements, DirecTV
DirecTV
may charge a pro-rated fee of up to $480."[107] Better Business Bureau
Better Business Bureau
review[edit] In August 2008, The Boston
Boston
Globe reported that DirecTV
DirecTV
received 20,000 complaints in less than three years to the Better Business Bureau
Better Business Bureau
on DirecTV
DirecTV
slipping in cancellation fees.[108] In August 2010, the BBB reported that it had received 39,000 complaints against DirecTV
DirecTV
in the previous 3 years, and the BBB gave it an F (failing) grade. Many of the complaints concerned DirecTV's early termination fees, billing and service issues.[109] As of June 2013[update], the Better Business Bureau
Better Business Bureau
has no rating for DirecTV,[110] though this may be related to problems internal to the BBB.[111] Consumer protection lawsuits and violations[edit] Washington State's Attorney General civil complaint[edit] On December 14, 2009 the Washington Attorney General's office filed a civil complaint against DirecTV
DirecTV
seeking injunctive and other relief. The complaint was filed in the public interest when the Attorney General's office determined after a one-year investigation by its Consumer Protection Division, that the company allegedly engaged in numerous repeated violations of the state’s Consumer Protection Act. The complaint alleged unfair or deceptive practices which include, but are not limited to:

Unclear disclosures concerning rebate terms and conditions Unclear and/or unfair advertising for use of the term “free”; Automatically extending contracts when customers require equipment repairs, upgrade equipment or move; Failing to disclose finance terms and conditions that the company’s least expensive package of $29.99 per month is only available to customers who meet certain financing conditions and agree to have the costs automatically charged or debited. The suit also alleged that some cancellation fees assessed by the company were considered to be unfair, and That the company unfairly retained consumer deposits made to obtain services. Those who cancel service prior to the end of their contract lose part of the deposit and may also be charged cancellation fees.

The Attorney General’s Office asked the court to compel DirecTV
DirecTV
to change its business practices, impose civil penalties and provide restitution for consumers. The case was settled in December 2010, with DirecTV
DirecTV
agreeing to pay over $1 million, and to correct many of its business practices.[112] 47 other states joined in a similar suit, the settlement of which required the company to pay over $13 million.[113] California
California
class action lawsuit[edit] In September 2008, consumers filed a class action lawsuit with the Los Angeles Superior Court to stop DirecTV's practice of charging early cancellation penalties to subscribers. The lawsuit claims that DirecTV fails to disclose the penalty to new customers or to existing customers who replace their equipment or add a new receiver, and that these practices are unlawful. In September 2009, a motion for a preliminary injunction was filed to block the company from automatically removing the fees from customers’ bank accounts or charging their credit card accounts without their prior knowledge and written consent until the lawsuit is resolved.[114] Telemarketing violations[edit] In December 2005, the U.S. Federal Trade Commission
Federal Trade Commission
imposed a $5.3 million penalty on DirecTV
DirecTV
for its violations of federal telemarketing regulations. It was the largest civil penalty the FTC had ever announced in a case enforcing any consumer protection law.[115] Deceptive advertising[edit] On March 11, 2015, the U.S. Federal Trade Commission
Federal Trade Commission
filed a lawsuit against DirecTV
DirecTV
for deceptive advertising. The FTC claims the following:

DirecTV
DirecTV
failed to properly disclose important terms of its TV packages. DirecTV
DirecTV
typically advertised 12-month deals without noting that:

A two-year contract is required, Package prices rise substantially during the second year, and Early cancellation fees may be imposed.

DirecTV
DirecTV
failed to mention that offers of free premium channels, such as HBO, would result in charges if the channels were not canceled before the free period ended.[116]

See also[edit]

Greater Los Angeles portal Companies portal Television
Television
portal United States
United States
portal

DirecTV
DirecTV
satellite fleet High-definition television in the United States

References[edit]

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Connection". Legit Reviews. Retrieved March 1, 2016.  ^ a b Lieberman, David (March 1, 2016). "AT&T Unveils DirecTV Streaming Video Plans With TV And Short-Form Content". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved March 1, 2016.  ^ Baumgartner, Jeff (October 25, 2016). " DirecTV Now
DirecTV Now
Coming in November". MultiChannel News. Retrieved October 25, 2016.  ^ AT&T will reveal everything about DirecTV Now
DirecTV Now
on November 28th The Verge, November 18, 2016 ^ " DirecTV
DirecTV
and TiVo
TiVo
to Launch New HD DirecTV
DirecTV
DVR with TiVo
TiVo
Service". DIRECTV. September 3, 2008. Retrieved September 4, 2008.  ^ Spangler, Todd (December 14, 2009). "Can TiVo
TiVo
Reinvent Itself?". Multichannel News. Archived from the original on June 15, 2011. Retrieved December 14, 2009. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) ^ Don Reisinger (December 6, 2011). " DirecTV
DirecTV
TiVo
TiVo
DVRs coming to select markets this week?". CNET.  ^ a b "DIRECTV TiVo
TiVo
– DIRECTV DVR with TiVo
TiVo
service – TiVo". TiVo. December 8, 2011. Archived from the original on January 25, 2012.  ^ a b "HD DVR – Tivo® for DIRECTV". DirecTV. December 8, 2011.  ^ a b "THR22 DIRECTV HD TiVo
TiVo
DVR FAQ". weaKnees. Retrieved December 20, 2011.  ^ "Solid Signal goes "Hands On" with the new HR44 Genie DVR - The Solid Signal Blog". Forums.solidsignal.com. Retrieved 2016-01-07.  ^ "Solid Signal's HANDS ON REVIEW: DIRECTV H44 Genie Lite and external hard drive - The Solid Signal Blog". Forums.solidsignal.com. Retrieved 2016-01-07.  ^ Manly, Lorne (January 8, 2007). From the Mind of a TV Producer, Satellite Television
Television
in a Portable Box. New York Times ^ Poulsen, Kevin (2001-01-25). " DirecTV
DirecTV
attacks hacked smart cards". Theregister.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-08-26.  ^ "From the Eye of a Legal Storm, Murdoch's Satellite-TV Hacker Tells All". Wired. May 30, 2008.  ^ Atwood, Jeff (2008-05-31). "Revisiting the Black Sunday Hack". Coding Horror. Retrieved 2012-08-26.  ^ " DirecTV
DirecTV
launches 4K exclusive to Samsung TVs". CNET. Retrieved 15 April 2016.  ^ " DirecTV
DirecTV
solves its 4K TV compatibility problem with new Genie Mini set-top boxes". TechHive. IDG. Retrieved 15 April 2016.  ^ "DirecTV's first live 4K show is the Masters golf tournament". Engadget. Retrieved 12 March 2016.  ^ "The Masters in 4K: DirecTV, CBS
CBS
Sports Tee Up First Live 4K UHD Broadcast in U.S." Sports Video Group. Retrieved 12 March 2016.  ^ " DirecTV
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to Carry MLB Network
MLB Network
Games in 4K Ultra HD". Variety. Retrieved 14 April 2016.  ^ " DirecTV
DirecTV
To Offer Notre Dame Football Telecasts In 4K". Multichannel News. Retrieved 12 September 2016.  ^ "HD Locals". DirecTV. Retrieved 2013-06-30.  ^ Farhi, Paul. "Scene 1, Double Take 2" Washington Post, August 7, 2007. ^ Comcast
Comcast
Looks To Sack DirecTV's Sunday Ticket Campaign Multichannel News August 4, 2011 ^ Comcast
Comcast
Drops Suit Against DirecTV
DirecTV
Over NFL Sunday Ticket Ads Multichannel News August 20, 2011 ^ "Client Highlights >> DirecTV". Lightships. Retrieved 2012-02-13.  ^ DirecTV
DirecTV
Sweeps J.D. Power Survey Archived July 16, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. Cable360.net August 15, 2007 ^ Agreements DirecTV
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official site accessed November 4, 2012 ^ DirecTV
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says its cancellation fee is fair since installation is free The Boston
Boston
Globe August 31, 2008 ^ " DirecTV
DirecTV
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Takes Disputed Fees Out of Customer Accounts, Suit Charges". Consumer Affairs. September 25, 2009. Retrieved August 3, 2010.  ^ " DirecTV
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External links[edit]

Official website AT&T's DIRECTV website

v t e

AT&T

History

Corporate directors

Chairman, CEO and president

Randall L. Stephenson

Randall L. Stephenson
Randall L. Stephenson
– Chairman and CEO Joyce M. Roché Samuel A. DiPiazza, Jr. Richard W. Fisher Scott T. Ford Glenn H. Hutchins William E. Kennard Michael B. McCallister Beth E. Mooney Matthew K. Rose Cynthia B. Taylor Laura D'Andrea Tyson Geoffrey Y. Yang

Acquired companies

AT&T Corporation Ameritech BellSouth DirecTV Leap Wireless Pacific Telesis Southern New England Telecommunications AT&T Mexico Unefón

Bell Operating Companies

BellSouth
BellSouth
Telecommunications Illinois Bell Indiana Bell Michigan Bell Nevada Bell Ohio Bell Pacific Bell Southwestern Bell Wisconsin Bell

Competitive local exchange carrier

SBC Telecom

Long distance services

Alascom AT&T Corporation BellSouth
BellSouth
Long Distance SBC Long Distance

AT&T Mobility Cricket Wireless

Alltel Ameritech
Ameritech
Cellular AT&T Wireless Services BellSouth
BellSouth
Mobility BellSouth
BellSouth
Mobility DCS Centennial Wireless Dobson Communications Houston Cellular Pacific Bell
Pacific Bell
Wireless Pacific Bell
Pacific Bell
Wireless Northwest SBC Wireless SNET Mobility Southwestern Bell
Southwestern Bell
Mobile Systems Southwestern Bell
Southwestern Bell
Wireless

Internet
Internet
services

IP services (VoIP, IPTV)

U-verse

Subscription Services

DirecTV
DirecTV
Now

AT&T Internet
Internet
Services

Ameritech
Ameritech
Interactive Media Services Pacific Bell
Pacific Bell
Internet
Internet
Services Prodigy Southwestern Bell
Southwestern Bell
Internet
Internet
Services

Other ISPs

AT&T Business Internet BellSouth
BellSouth
FastAccess DSL

Directories

Anywho.com Yellowpages.com

Television
Television
channels

AT&T Sports Networks

AT&T SportsNet

Northwest (40%) Pittsburgh Rocky Mountain Southwest Utah

Other

Game Show Network
Game Show Network
(42%) MLB Network
MLB Network
(16.67%) Audience

AT&T Intellectual Property

AT&T Intellectual Property I AT&T Intellectual Property II AT&T Intellectual Property Marketing AT&T Properties Ameritech
Ameritech
Properties

Research and development

AT&T Labs

Otter Media (50%)

Fullscreen

Rooster Teeth McBeard

Ellation

VRV Crunchyroll
Crunchyroll
( Crunchyroll
Crunchyroll
Manga)

Hello Sunshine Gunpowder & Sky

Maritime Communication Services

Wireless Maritime Services

Links to related articles

v t e

Cable, satellite, and other speciality television providers in the Americas

v t e

Cable, satellite, and other specialty television providers in Canada

Terrestrial and satellite

Satellite

Bell TV Shaw Direct Telus Satellite TV

Cable

Major1

Bell ( Cablevision
Cablevision
for Val-d'Or, QC, MTS for Manitoba) Cogeco
Cogeco
(Ontario, Quebec) EastLink (Atlantic, Northern Ontario, Western Canada) Look Communications Rogers Cable
Rogers Cable
(Ontario, New Brunswick, Newfoundland) Source (Hamilton, ON) Shaw (Western Canada, Northwestern Ontario) Vidéotron
Vidéotron
(Quebec)

Minor

Access (Saskatchewan) Cable Axion
Cable Axion
(Magog, QC) CityWest
CityWest
(Prince Rupert, BC) DERYtelecom (Saguenay, QC) Novus Cable (select areas of BC Lower Mainland) Omineca Cablevision
Omineca Cablevision
(Prince George, BC) Westman (Brandon, MB)

See also

Defunct cable and DBS companies of Canada

IPTV

Bell

Fibe(Aliant) Fibe TV(ON/QC) MTS TV(MB)

Comwave SaskTel
SaskTel
MaxTV Telus Optik TV Tbaytel
Tbaytel
Digital TV Vmedia Zazeen

MMDS

Craig Wireless

Africa, Asia, and Oceania Americas Europe

1More than 400,000 television service subscribers.

v t e

Cable, satellite, and other specialty television providers in Latin America and the Caribbean

Cable

Axtel TV (Mexico) Airlink Communications (Trinidad and Tobago) Cablecom (Mexico) Cablemás
Cablemás
(Mexico) Cable Onda Cablevisión (Argentina) CaboTelecom Claro Colombia Digicel Play
Digicel Play
(Caribbean) Columbus/FLOW (Caribbean) Independent Cable Network of Trinidad and Tobago (ICNTT) Izzi Telecom (Mexico) Massy Communications (Trinidad and Tobago) Mayaro Cable TV (Trinidad and Tobago) Megacable (Mexico) Movistar TV (Chile, Colombia, Peru and Venezuela) Mundo Pacifico (Chile) NET (Brazil) Oi TV (Brazil) Red Intercable (Argentina) RVR International (Trinidad and Tobago) Telefónica del Sur Tricom (Dominican Republic) TRICO Industries Limited (Trinidad and Tobago) Une (Colombia) VTR (Chile)

Satellite

CanalSat Caraïbes (Caribbean) CANTV (Venezuela) Claro TV DirecTV
DirecTV
(South America & Caribbean) Dish México Entel (Chile) Green Dot (Caribbean) Inter Satélital Movistar TV (Chile, Colombia, Peru and Venezuela) Oi TV (Brazil) SKY Brasil SKY México, Dominican Republic & Central America Vivo TV (Brazil)

Fiber/IPTV

bmobile (Trinidad and Tobago) Claro República Dominicana Vivo TV
Vivo TV
(Brazil)

Terrestrial microwave

Multi-Choice TV (Barbados)

Defunct satellite

DirecTV
DirecTV
Brazil DirecTV
DirecTV
Mexico GVT TV
GVT TV
(Brazil) Sky Argentina Sky Chile Sky Colombia Sky Ecuador Sky Peru Sky Venezuela

Defunct cable

Vivo TV
Vivo TV
Plus (Brazil)

Africa, Asia, and Oceania Americas Canada Europe United States

v t e

Cable, satellite, and other specialty television providers in the United States

Cable MVPD

Adams Cable Altice USA

Optimum Suddenlink Communications

Armstrong Atlantic Broadband AT&T Alascom Blue Ridge Communications Blue Stream Broadstripe Buckeye Broadband Cable One Charter Spectrum Comcast
Comcast
Xfinity Comtech21 Consolidated Communications

FairPoint Communications

Cox Communications Deltacom DoCoMo Pacific Emery Telcom Full Channel GCI Hargray Hood Canal Communications Mediacom Midco Northlake Telecom Northland Communications Liberty Puerto Rico Ritter Communications Santel Communications Satview Broadband Service Electric Shentel SRT Communications TDS Telecom TPG

Grande Communications RCN Corporation Wave Broadband

Troy Cablevision TruVista Communications WOW! ZTelco

Satellite MVPD

Claro Dish Network DirecTV Glorystar Headend in the Sky Home2US

Fiber MVPD / IPTV

AT&T U-verse CenturyLink
CenturyLink
Prism TV Cincinnati Bell
Cincinnati Bell
FiOptics Claro Consolidated Communications

FairPoint Communications

EPB Frontier FiOS Google Fiber GTA Teleguam Hawaiian Telcom Midco NEP Datastream TV North State Communications Smithville Fiber Sonic.net TDS Telecom Verizon FiOS Whidbey Telecom Windstream Kinetic

Virtual MVPD

DirecTV
DirecTV
Now FuboTV Hulu
Hulu
with Live TV Philo PlayStation Vue Sling TV Spectrum TV Stream Xfinity
Xfinity
Instant TV YouTube TV

Over-the-top

Amazon Video Anime Network Apple iTunes Store CBS
CBS
All Access Crackle Crunchyroll CW Seed CuriosityStream DramaFever Fandor FunimationNow go90 Hallmark Movies Now HBO
HBO
Now History Vault Hulu iON (IPTV) Lifetime Movie Club Netflix Noggin Pluto TV Roku Seeso Showtime Starz Tribeca Shortlist Tubi TV UFC Fight Pass Univision
Univision
NOW YuppTV WWE Network

Defunct cable

Adelphia Communications Corporation Alameda Power and Telecom1 Astound Broadband AT&T Broadband

MediaOne/Continental Cablevision Tele-Communications Inc.

Baja Broadband

US Cable

Bresnan Communications Bright House Networks Cablevision Champion Broadband Cobridge Communications Community Home Entertainment Graceba Total Communications Insight Communications Jones Intercable King Videocable Knology Marcus Cable NPG Cable Paragon Cable Rapid Communications TelePrompTer/Group W Cable Time Warner
Time Warner
Cable UA-Columbia Cablevision Windjammer Communications

1 – Still in operation, but no longer offers cable or Internet
Internet
as part of its services

Defunct satellite

AlphaStar GlobeCast World TV PrimeStar United States
United States
Satellite Broadcasting Voom HD Networks

Defunct IPTV

Sky Angel Virtual Digital Cable

Defunct terrestrial

Aereo USDTV MovieBeam

Defunct virtual MVPD

CenturyLink
CenturyLink
Stream

v t e

Additional resources on North American television

North America

List of local television stations in North America DTV transition North American TV mini-template

Canada

Canadian networks List of Canadian television networks List of Canadian television channels List of Canadian specialty channels Local Canadian TV stations List of United States
United States
stations available in Canada 2001 Vancouver TV realignment 2007 Canada broadcast TV realignment

Mexico

Mexican networks Local Mexican TV stations

United States

American networks List of American cable and satellite networks List of American over-the-air networks Local American TV stations (W) Local American TV stations (K) Spanish-language TV networks 1994 United States
United States
broadcast TV realignment 2006 United States
United States
broadcast TV realignment List of Canadian television stations available in the United States Insular Areas TV

Africa, Asia, Middle East and Oceania Americas Europe

Africa, Asia, and Oceania Americas Europe

v t e

Digital television
Digital television
in North America

Terrestrial

Digital broadcasting

ATSC
ATSC
tuners Digital subchannels Virtual channels Distributed transmission system Datacasting

Guide Plus National Datacast UpdateLogic

Metropolitan Television
Television
Alliance Grand Alliance

Digital switchover

All-Channel Receiver Act SAFER Act Digital channel election Set-top boxes Digital television
Digital television
adapter U.S. Converter Box Coupon Program

legislation

Analog passthrough DVD recorders Digital video recorders

Digital standards

ATSC
ATSC
Standards

ATSC ATSC-M/H 8VSB A-VSB E-VSB PSIP PMCP full list

Standard-definition TV

480i 576i

Enhanced-definition TV

480p 576p

High-definition TV

720p 1080i 1080p

Ultra high-definition
Ultra high-definition
TV

2160p

Serial digital interface Smart antennas

CEA-909

Digital networks

see Template:American broadcast television Template:Canadian television networks

National deployment

List by country Canada Mexico United States

HDTV transition wireless spectrum auction

Cable

Digital cable

Digital-cable-ready TV

QAM tuners

Interactive-digital-cable-ready TV

OpenCable Application Platform

Encryption Must-carry

Subscription TV

AllVid CableCARD Downloadable Conditional Access System Tru2way

Satellite TV

DVB-S

Dish Network GlobeCast World TV Free-to-air receiver Bell TV/Telus Satellite TV Dish México

DigiCipher 2

4DTV Shaw Direct

Digital Satellite Service/DVB-S2

DirecTV

IPTV

AT&T U-verse Bell Fibe TV FibreOP Telus Optik TV

Technical issues

14:9 Active Format Description Broadcast flag Channel protection ratios HDTV blur Hierarchical modulation Pirate decryption Standards conversion Video on demand

v t e

Telecommunications

History

Beacon Broadcasting Cable protection system Cable TV Communications satellite Computer network Drums Electrical telegraph Fax Heliographs Hydraulic telegraph Internet Mass media Mobile phone Optical telecommunication Optical telegraphy Pager Photophone Prepay mobile phone Radio Radiotelephone Satellite communications Semaphore Smartphone Smoke signals Telecommunications history Telautograph Telegraphy Teleprinter
Teleprinter
(teletype) Telephone The Telephone Cases Television Timeline of communication technology Undersea telegraph line Videoconferencing Videophone Videotelephony Whistled language

Pioneers

Edwin Howard Armstrong John Logie Baird Paul Baran Alexander Graham Bell Tim Berners-Lee Jagadish Chandra Bose Vint Cerf Claude Chappe Donald Davies Lee de Forest Philo Farnsworth Reginald Fessenden Elisha Gray Erna Schneider Hoover Charles K. Kao Hedy Lamarr Innocenzo Manzetti Guglielmo Marconi Antonio Meucci Radia Perlman Alexander Stepanovich Popov Johann Philipp Reis Nikola Tesla Camille Tissot Alfred Vail Charles Wheatstone Vladimir K. Zworykin

Transmission media

Coaxial cable Fiber-optic communication

Optical fiber

Free-space optical communication Molecular communication Radio waves Transmission line

Network topology and switching

Links Nodes Terminal node Network switching (circuit packet) Telephone exchange

Multiplexing

Space-division Frequency-division Time-division Polarization-division Orbital angular-momentum Code-division

Networks

ARPANET BITNET Cellular network Computer CYCLADES Ethernet FidoNet Internet ISDN LAN Mobile NGN NPL network Public Switched Telephone Radio Telecommunications equipment Television Telex WAN Wireless World Wide Web

Category Portal

v t e

Satellite communications

Main articles

Satellite television Satellite radio Relay satellite Transponder Satellite Internet
Internet
access Amateur satellite Ground station High-throughput satellite

Hardware

Satellite data unit Satellite dish Satellite modem Satellite phone Spacebus Very-small-aperture terminal

Satellite radio / TV

DVB-SH S-DMB DVB-RCS DVB-S2 Digital audio radio service

Broadcast companies

AfriStar Astra Digital Radio DirecTV Dish Network Sirius XM
Sirius XM
Holdings

Sirius Satellite Radio

Sky Television
Television
plc 1worldspace

Relay satellite companies

EchoStar Eutelsat Globalstar Hughes Inmarsat Intelsat Iridium SED Systems SES Telesat Tooway Viasat

Satellite manufacturers

Airbus Arianespace Boeing INVAP Lockheed Martin Loral Orbital ATK Thales Alenia Space

Trade organizations

Consultative Committee for Space Data Systems ETSI Satellite Digital Radio

Lists

List of communications satellite firsts List of communication satellite companies

Communication

.