Developed countries
  Data unavailable

Classifications by the IMF[1] and the UN.[2]
World map representing Human Development Index categories (based on 2018 data, published in 2019).

See also


  1. ^ Namely sovereign states, i.e., excluding Macau: In 2003, the government of Macau calculated its HDI as being 0.909 (the UN does not calculate Macau's HDI); In January 2007, the People's Daily Archived 7 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine reported (from China Modernization Report 2007): "In 2004... Macau... had reached the level of developed countries". The UNCTAD Archived 10 July 2007 at the Wayback Machine organisation (of the UN), as well as the CIA Archived 9 April 2008 at the Wayback Machine, classify Macau as a "developing" territory. The World Bank classifies Macau as a high income economy (along with developed economies as well as with few developing economies).
  2. ^ The Developed Countries Glossary Archived 20 December 2014 at the Wayback Machine entry reads: "The following countries are classified by FTSE as developed countries: Australia, Austria, Belgium/Luxembourg, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hong Kong (China), Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Portugal, Singapore, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom and the United States."
  3. ^ Geographically a part of Asia, geopolitically a part of Europe.


  1. ^ "World Economic and Financial Surveys World Economic Outlook Database—WEO Groups and Aggregates Information". IMF.org. International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 12 May 2020.
  2. ^ Least Developed Countries Archived 17 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine (2018 list)
  3. ^ Developed Economy Definition Archived 22 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine. Investopedia (16 April 2010). Retrieved 2013-07-12.
  4. ^ "Report for Selected Country Groups and Subjects". www.imf.org. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016.
  5. ^ Sachs, Jeffrey (2005). The End of Poverty. New York, New York: The Penguin Press. ISBN 1-59420-045-9.
  6. ^ Wackernagel, Mathis; Beyers, Bert (2019). Ecological Footprint: Managing Our Biocapacity Budget. Gabriola Island, BC, Canada: New Society Publishers. p. 132. ISBN 978-0865719118.
  7. ^ Based on the IMF data. If no data was available for a country from IMF, data from the World Bank is used.
  8. ^ The Courier. Commission of the European Communities. 1994.
  9. ^ "Human development index". Economics Help. Retrieved 23 September 2018.
  10. ^ "Millennium Development Indicators: World and regional groupings". United Nations Statistics Division. 2003. Note b. Archived from the original on 10 February 2005. Retrieved 13 May 2017.
  11. ^ "Standard Country and Area Codes Classifications (M49): Developed Regions". United Nations Statistics Division. Archived from the original on 11 July 2017. Retrieved 13 May 2017.
  12. ^ a b c "IMF Advanced Economies List. World Economic Outlook, April 2016, p. 148" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 April 2016.
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Human Development Report 2019 – "Human Development Indices and Indicators"" (PDF). HDRO (Human Development Report Office) United Nations Development Programme. pp. 22–25. Retrieved 9 December 2019.
  14. ^ "國情統計通報" (PDF) (in Chinese). Directorate General of Budget, Accounting and Statistics, Executive Yuan, R.O.C. 2018. Retrieved 26 January 2019.
  15. ^ "Macau in Figures, 2013". Archived from the original on 24 October 2013.
  16. ^ Filling Gaps in the Human Development Index Archived 5 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine, United Nations ESCAP, February 2009
  17. ^ a b CIA (2008). "Appendix B. International Organizations and Groups". World Factbook. Archived from the original on 9 April 2008. Retrieved 10 April 2008.
  18. ^ World Economic Outlook Archived 21 April 2016 at the Wayback Machine, International Monetary Fund, September 2011, p. 165.
  19. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 21 February 2009. Retrieved 25 January 2009.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  20. ^ Indiana Express  Denmark 8 - 11 21 6