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The United States Department of Commerce
United States Department of Commerce
is the Cabinet department of the United States government concerned with promoting economic growth. Among its tasks are gathering economic and demographic data for business and government decision-making, and helping to set industrial standards. This organization's main purpose is to create jobs, promote economic growth, encourage sustainable development and improve standards of living for all Americans.[3] The Department of Commerce headquarters is the Herbert C. Hoover Building
Herbert C. Hoover Building
in Washington, D.C. Wilbur Ross
Wilbur Ross
is the current Commerce secretary.

Contents

1 History 2 Organization

2.1 Structure 2.2 Budget and finances

3 Reorganization proposals 4 See also 5 Notes 6 References 7 External links

History[edit] The department was originally created as the United States Department of Commerce and Labor on February 14, 1903. It was subsequently renamed the Department of Commerce on March 4, 1913, as the bureaus and agencies specializing in labor were transferred to the new Department of Labor. The United States Patent and Trademark Office
United States Patent and Trademark Office
was transferred from the Interior Department into Commerce, and the Federal Employment Stabilization Office existed within the department from 1931 to 1939. In 1940, the Weather Bureau (now the National Weather Service) was transferred from the Agriculture Department, and the Civil Aeronautics Authority
Civil Aeronautics Authority
was merged into the department. In 1949, the Public Roads Administration
Public Roads Administration
was added to the department due to the dissolution of the Federal Works Agency. In 1958, the independent Federal Aviation Agency
Federal Aviation Agency
was created and the Civil Aeronautics Authority was abolished. The United States Travel Service was established by the United States Secretary of Commerce
United States Secretary of Commerce
on July 1, 1961 pursuant to the International Travel Act of 1961 (75 Stat. 129; 22 U.S.C. 2121 note)[4] The Economic Development Administration
Economic Development Administration
was created in 1965. In 1966, the Bureau of Public Roads was transferred to the newly created Department of Transportation. The Minority Business Development Agency (MBDA) was created on March 5, 1969, originally established by President Richard M. Nixon as the Office of Minority Business Enterprise. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) was created on October 3, 1970.[5] Organization[edit] Structure[edit]

Program

(United States Secretary of Commerce) (United States Deputy Secretary of Commerce) Office of Public Affairs

Office of Business Liaison

Office of Executive Secretariat

Office of White House Liaison

Office of Policy and Strategic Planning

Office of the General Counsel

Office of Inspector General

Office of the Chief Financial Officer and Assistant Secretary for Administration

Office of Legislative and Intergovernmental Affairs

Office of the Chief Information Officer

Economic Development Administration

Minority Business Development Agency

National Telecommunications and Information Administration

National Institute of Standards and Technology *National Technical Information Service

(Under Secretary of Commerce for Economic Affairs) Office of the Chief Economist

Economics and Statistics Administration

Bureau of Economic Analysis
Bureau of Economic Analysis
Bureau of the Census

Bureau of the Census

(Under Secretary of Commerce for International Trade) International Trade Administration

United States Commercial Service

(Under Secretary of Commerce for Industry and Security) Bureau of Industry and Security

Office of Security

(Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere) National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

National Marine Fisheries Service

National Weather Service

National Ocean Service

Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research

Office of Marine and Aviation Operations

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Commissioned Corps

(Under Secretary of Commerce for Intellectual Property) Patent and Trademark Office

Budget and finances[edit] The Department of Commerce was authorized a budget for Fiscal Year 2015 of $14.6 billion. The budget authorization is broken down as follows:[6]

Program Funding (in millions)

Management and Finance

Departmental Management $73.2

Office of the Inspector General $35.5

Operating Divisions

Economic Development Administration $248.1

Census Bureau $1,240.0

Bureau of Economic Analysis $111.0

International Trade and Investment Administration $497.3

Bureau of Industry and Security $110.5

Minority Business Development Agency $28.3

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration $5,684.7

Patent and Trademark Office $3,439.5

National Institute of Standards and Technology $904.9

National Telecommunications and Information Administration $51

Mandatory Spending

Public Safety Broadband Network $2,275

TOTAL $14,565

Reorganization proposals[edit]

This section needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (March 2018)

Proposals to reorganize the Department go back many decades.[3] The Department of Commerce was one of three departments that Texas governor Rick Perry
Rick Perry
advocated eliminating during his 2012 presidential campaign, along with the Department of Education and Department of Energy. Perry's campaign cited the frequency with which agencies had historically been moved into and out of the department and its lack of a coherent focus, and advocated moving its vital programs into other departments such as the Department of the Interior, Department of Labor, and Department of the Treasury. The Economic Development Administration would be completely eliminated.[7] On January 13, 2012, President Obama announced his intentions to ask the United States Congress for the power to close the department and replace it with a new cabinet-level agency focused on trade and exports. The new agency would include the Office of the United States Trade Representative, currently part of the Executive Office of the President, as well as the Export-Import Bank of the United States, the Overseas Private Investment Corporation, the United States Trade and Development Agency, and the Small Business Administration, which are all currently independent agencies. The Obama administration projects that the reorganization would save $3 billion and will help the administration's goal of doubling U.S. exports in five years.[8] The new agency would be organized around four "pillars": a technology and innovation office including the United States Patent and Trademark Office and the National Institute of Standards and Technology; a statistical division including the United States Census Bureau
United States Census Bureau
and other data-collection agencies currently in the Commerce Department, and also the Bureau of Labor Statistics
Bureau of Labor Statistics
which would be transferred from the Department of Labor; a trade and investment policy office; and a small business development office. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) would be transferred from the Department of Commerce into the Department of the Interior.[9] Later that year, shortly before the 2012 presidential election, Obama invoked the idea of a "secretary of business" in reference to the plan.[10] The reorganization was part of a larger proposal which would grant the President the authority to propose mergers of federal agencies, which would then be subject to an up-or-down Congressional vote. This ability had existed from the Great Depression until the Reagan presidency, when Congress rescinded the authority.[11] The Obama administration plan faced criticism for some of its elements. Some Congress members expressed concern that the Office of the United States Trade Representative would lose focus if it were included in a larger bureaucracy, especially given its status as an "honest broker" between other agencies, which tend to advocate for specific points of view.[8][12] The overall plan has also been criticized as an attempt to create an agency similar to Japan's powerful Ministry of International Trade and Industry, which was abolished in 2001 after some of its initiatives failed and it became seen as a hindrance to growth.[12] NOAA's climate and terrestrial operations and fisheries and endangered species programs would be expected to integrate well with agencies already in the Interior Department, such as the United States Geological Survey
United States Geological Survey
and the United States Fish and Wildlife Service. However, environmental groups such as the Natural Resources Defense Council
Natural Resources Defense Council
feared that the reorganization could distract the agency from its mission of protecting the nation's oceans and ecosystems.[13] The plan was reiterated in the Obama administration's FY2016 budget proposal that was released in February 2015.[14] See also[edit]

Government of the United States portal

Title 13 of the Code of Federal Regulations Title 15 of the Code of Federal Regulations Title 19 of the Code of Federal Regulations Commerce Department trade mission controversy

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

^ "Department of Commerce FY 2011 Budget in Brief". United States Department of Commerce Office of Budget.  ^ "Department Of Commerce – FY 2014 Budget" (PDF). www.tamuc.edu. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-08-08. Retrieved October 15, 2017.  ^ a b Steve Charnovitz, "Reinventing the Commerce Dept.," Journal of Commerce, July 12, 1995. ^ "United States Travel and Tourism Administration (1961-1996)". Department of Commerce Digitization Repository Project. Pennsylvania State University. Retrieved November 20, 2014.  ^ "Milestones". United States Department of Commerce. July 20, 2010. Retrieved January 19, 2012.  ^ 2015 Department of Commerce Budget-in-Brief, United States Department of Commerce, Accessed July 16, 2015 ^ "Uproot and Overhaul Washington: Eliminate and Restructure Wasteful Federal Agencies". RickPerry.org, Inc. Retrieved January 19, 2012.  ^ a b MacInnis, Laura (January 13, 2012). "Obama wants export agency, closing of Commerce Department". Reuters. Retrieved January 19, 2012.  ^ Mervis, Jeffrey (January 13, 2012). "What Would Wiping Out the Commerce Department Mean for Science?". ScienceInsider. American Association for the Advancement of Science. Retrieved January 19, 2012.  ^ Schroeder, Peter (October 29, 2012). "Obama floats plan for a 'secretary of Business' if he wins second term". The Hill. Retrieved May 23, 2014.  ^ Landler, Mark; Lowrey, Annie (January 14, 2012). "Obama Bid to Cut the Government Tests Congress". The New York Times. p. A1. Retrieved January 19, 2012.  ^ a b Bartlett, Bruce (January 17, 2012). "The Pros and Cons of Obama's Reorganization Plan". The New York Times. Economix. Retrieved January 19, 2012.  ^ Malakoff, David (January 13, 2012). "Rough Sailing for Plan to Move NOAA?". ScienceInsider. American Association for the Advancement of Science. Retrieved January 19, 2012.  ^ Hicks, Josh (February 3, 2015). "Six ways the White House budget would affect federal workers". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 3, 2015. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to United States Department of Commerce.

Wikisource
Wikisource
has the text of a 1922 Encyclopædia Britannica
Encyclopædia Britannica
article about Department of Commerce.

Official website Department of Commerce in the Federal Register US Commercial Service Department of Commerce Representation in the UK

v t e

Agencies under the United States Department of Commerce

Headquarters: Herbert C. Hoover Building

Wilbur Ross, Secretary of Commerce Vacant, Deputy Secretary of Commerce

Deputy Secretary of Commerce

Economic Development Administration National Technical Information Service Minority Business Development Agency National Telecommunications and Information Administration

Under Secretary of Commerce for Industry and Security

Bureau of Industry and Security

Under Secretary of Commerce for Economic Affairs

Economics and Statistics Administration Bureau of Economic Analysis Census Bureau

Under Secretary of Commerce for International Trade

International Trade Administration

Under Secretary of Commerce and Administrator for NOAA

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Commissioned Corps

Under Secretary of Commerce for Standards and Technology

National Institute of Standards and Technology

Under Secretary of Commerce for Intellectual Property

Patent and Trademark Office

v t e

Federal executive departments of the United States of America

Executive Departments

Agriculture Commerce Defense Education Energy Health and Human Services Homeland Security Housing and Urban Development Interior Justice Labor State Transportation Treasury Veterans Affairs

Former

Air Force Army Commerce and Labor Health, Education, and Welfare Na

.