Delaware (/ˈdɛləwɛər/ ( listen)) is one of the 50
states of the United States, located in the Mid-Atlantic or
Northeastern region.[a] It is bordered to the south and west by
Maryland, to the north by Pennsylvania, and to the east by New Jersey
and the Atlantic Ocean. The state takes its name from Thomas West, 3rd
Baron De La Warr, an English nobleman and Virginia's first colonial
Delaware occupies the northeastern portion of the Delmarva Peninsula.
It is the second smallest and sixth least populous state, but the
sixth most densely populated.
Delaware is divided into three counties,
the lowest number of any state. From north to south, they are New
Castle County, Kent County, and
Sussex County. While the southern two
counties have historically been predominantly agricultural, New Castle
County is more industrialized.
Before its coastline was explored by
Europeans in the 16th century,
Delaware was inhabited by several groups of Native Americans,
Lenape in the north and Nanticoke in the south. It was
initially colonized by Dutch traders at Zwaanendael, near the present
town of Lewes, in 1631.
Delaware was one of the 13 colonies
participating in the American Revolution. On December 7, 1787,
Delaware became the first state to ratify the Constitution of the
United States, and has since been known as "The First State".
2.4 Environmental management
3.1 Native Americans
3.2 Colonial Delaware
3.3 American Revolution
3.4 Slavery and race
4.4 Sexual orientation
5.3.1 Recent departures
5.4 Incorporation in Delaware
5.5 Food and drink
6.3 Rail and bus
7 Law and government
7.1 Legislative branch
7.2 Judicial branch
7.3 Executive branch
7.6 Freedom of information
7.7 Government revenue
7.8 Voter Registration
8.4 Towns (cont.)
8.6 Unincorporated places
9.1 Colleges and Universities
10 Sister cities and states
13 Culture and entertainment
Delaware Native Americans
17 See also
21 External links
The state was named after the
Delaware River, which in turn derived
its name from
Thomas West, 3rd Baron De La Warr
Thomas West, 3rd Baron De La Warr (1577–1618) who was
the ruling governor of the Colony of
Virginia at the time Europeans
first explored the river. The
Delaware Indians, a name used by
Lenape people indigenous to the
Delaware Valley, also
derive their name from the same source.
The surname de La Warr comes from
Sussex and is of Anglo-Norman
origin. It came probably from a Norman lieu-dit La Guerre. This
toponymic could derive from the Latin word ager, from the Breton gwern
or from the
Late Latin varectum (fallow). The toponyms Gara, Gare,
Gaire (the sound [ä] often mutated in [æ]) also appear in old texts
cited by Lucien Musset, where the word ga(i)ra means gore. It could
also be linked with a patronymic from the Old Norse verr.
Main articles: Twelve-Mile Circle, Wedge (border), Mason–Dixon Line,
and Transpeninsular Line
See also: "Counties" section below
Map of Delaware
The Twelve-Mile Circle
Diagram of the Twelve-Mile Circle, the Mason–Dixon line and "The
Wedge". All blue and white areas are inside Delaware.
The Blackbird Pond on the Blackbird State Forest Meadows Tract in New
Castle County, Delaware
A field north of Fox Den Rd., along the
Lenape Trail in Middle Run
Valley Natural Area.
Sunset in Woodbrook, New Castle County, Delaware
Delaware is 96 miles (154 km) long and ranges from 9 miles
(14 km) to 35 miles (56 km) across, totaling 1,954 square
miles (5,060 km2), making it the second-smallest state in the
United States after Rhode Island.
Delaware is bounded to the north by
Pennsylvania; to the east by the
Delaware Bay, New
Jersey and the Atlantic Ocean; and to the west and south by Maryland.
Small portions of
Delaware are also situated on the eastern side of
Delaware River sharing land boundaries with New Jersey. The state
of Delaware, together with the Eastern Shore counties of
two counties of Virginia, form the Delmarva Peninsula, which stretches
down the Mid-Atlantic Coast.
The definition of the northern boundary of the state is unusual. Most
of the boundary between
Pennsylvania was originally
defined by an arc extending 12 miles (19.3 km) from the cupola of
the courthouse in the city of New Castle. This
boundary is often referred to as the Twelve-Mile Circle.[b] This is
the only nominally circular state boundary in the United
This border extends all the way east to the low-tide mark on the New
Jersey shore, then continues south along the shoreline until it again
reaches the 12-mile (19 km) arc in the south; then the boundary
continues in a more conventional way in the middle of the main channel
(thalweg) of the
Delaware River. To the west, a portion of the arc
extends past the easternmost edge of Maryland. The remaining western
border runs slightly east of due south from its intersection with the
arc. The Wedge of land between the northwest part of the arc and the
Maryland border was claimed by both
1921, when Delaware's claim was confirmed.
Delaware is on a level plain, with the lowest mean elevation of any
state in the nation. Its highest elevation, located at Ebright
Azimuth, near Concord High School, is less than 450 feet (140 m)
above sea level. The northernmost part of the state is part of the
Piedmont Plateau with hills and rolling surfaces. The Atlantic
Seaboard fall line approximately follows the Robert Kirkwood Highway
between Newark and Wilmington; south of this road is the Atlantic
Coastal Plain with flat, sandy, and, in some parts, swampy ground.
A ridge about 75 to 80 feet (23 to 24 m) in elevation extends
along the western boundary of the state and separates the watersheds
Delaware River and Bay to the east and the
Chesapeake Bay to
Since almost all of
Delaware is a part of the Atlantic coastal plain,
the effects of the ocean moderate its climate. The state lies in the
humid subtropical climate zone. Despite its small size (roughly 100
miles (160 km) from its northernmost to southernmost points),
there is significant variation in mean temperature and amount of
Sussex County and New Castle County. Moderated by the
Atlantic Ocean and
Delaware Bay, the southern portion of the state has
a milder climate and a longer growing season than the northern portion
of the state. Delaware's all-time record high of 110 °F
(43 °C) was recorded at Millsboro on July 21, 1930. The all-time
record low of −17 °F (−27 °C) was also recorded at
Millsboro on January 17, 1893.
The transitional climate of
Delaware supports a wide variety of
vegetation. In the northern third of the state are found Northeastern
coastal forests and mixed oak forests typical of the northeastern
United States. In the southern two-thirds of the state are found
Middle Atlantic coastal forests. Trap Pond State Park, along with
areas in other parts of
Sussex County, for example, support the
northernmost stands of bald cypress trees in North America.
Delaware provides government subsidy support for the clean-up of
property "lightly contaminated" by hazardous waste, the proceeds for
which come from a tax on wholesale petroleum sales.
Main article: History of Delaware
Delaware was settled by European colonists, the area was home
to the Eastern Algonquian tribes known as the Unami Lenape, or
Delaware, who lived mostly along the coast, and the Nanticoke who
occupied much of the southern Delmarva Peninsula. John Smith also
shows two Iroquoian tribes, the Kuskarawock & Tockwogh, living
north of the Nanticoke & they may have held small portions of land
in the western part of the state before migrating across the
Chesapeake Bay. The Kuskarawocks were most likely the Tuscarora.
Lenape in the
Delaware Valley were closely related to Munsee
Lenape tribes along the Hudson River. They had a settled hunting and
agricultural society, and they rapidly became middlemen in an
increasingly frantic fur trade with their ancient enemy, the Minqua or
Susquehannock. With the loss of their lands on the
Delaware River and
the destruction of the Minqua by the
Iroquois of the Five Nations in
the 1670s, the remnants of the
Lenape who wished to remain identified
as such left the region and moved over the
Alleghany Mountains by the
mid-18th century. Generally, those who did not relocate out of the
Delaware were baptized, became Christian and were grouped
together with other persons of color in official records and in the
minds of their non-Native American neighbors.
New Sweden – encounter between Swedish colonists and the natives of
The Dutch were the first
Europeans to settle in present-day Delaware
in the middle region by establishing a trading post at Zwaanendael,
near the site of Lewes in 1631. Within a year all the settlers were
killed in a dispute with area Native American tribes. In 1638 New
Sweden, a Swedish trading post and colony, was established at Fort
Christina (now in Wilmington) by
Peter Minuit at the head of a group
of Swedes, Finns and Dutch. The colony of
New Sweden lasted for 17
years. In 1651 the Dutch, reinvigorated by the leadership of Peter
Stuyvesant, established a fort at present-day New Castle, and in 1655
they conquered the
New Sweden colony, annexing it into the Dutch New
Netherland. Only nine years later, in 1664, the Dutch were
conquered by a fleet of English ships by Sir Robert Carr under the
direction of James, the Duke of York. Fighting off a prior claim by
Cecil Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore, Proprietor of Maryland, the Duke
passed his somewhat dubious ownership on to
William Penn in 1682. Penn
strongly desired access to the sea for his
Pennsylvania province and
leased what then came to be known as the "Lower Counties on the
Delaware" from the Duke.
Penn established representative government and briefly combined his
two possessions under one General Assembly in 1682. However, by 1704
the Province of
Pennsylvania had grown so large that their
representatives wanted to make decisions without the assent of the
Lower Counties and the two groups of representatives began meeting on
their own, one at Philadelphia, and the other at New Castle. Penn and
his heirs remained proprietors of both and always appointed the same
person Governor for their Province of
Pennsylvania and their territory
of the Lower Counties. The fact that
the same governor was not unique. From 1703 to 1738 New York and New
Jersey shared a governor.
New Hampshire also
shared a governor for some time.
Dependent in early years on indentured labor,
Delaware imported more
slaves as the number of English immigrants decreased with better
economic conditions in England. The colony became a slave society and
cultivated tobacco as a cash crop, although English immigrants
continued to arrive.
Like the other middle colonies, the Lower Counties on the Delaware
initially showed little enthusiasm for a break with Britain. The
citizenry had a good relationship with the Proprietary government, and
generally were allowed more independence of action in their Colonial
Assembly than in other colonies. Merchants at the port of Wilmington
had trading ties with the British.
So it was that New Castle lawyer
Thomas McKean denounced the Stamp Act
in the strongest terms, and Kent County native John Dickinson became
the "Penman of the Revolution." Anticipating the Declaration of
Independence, Patriot leaders
Thomas McKean and Caesar Rodney
convinced the Colonial Assembly to declare itself separated from
Pennsylvania rule on June 15, 1776. The person best
representing Delaware's majority, George Read, could not bring himself
to vote for a Declaration of Independence. Only the dramatic overnight
Caesar Rodney gave the delegation the votes needed to cast
Delaware's vote for independence.
Initially led by John Haslet,
Delaware provided one of the premier
regiments in the Continental Army, known as the "
Delaware Blues" and
nicknamed the "Blue Hen's Chicks." In August 1777 General Sir William
Howe led a British army through
Delaware on his way to a victory at
Battle of Brandywine
Battle of Brandywine and capture of the city of Philadelphia. The
only real engagement on
Delaware soil was the Battle of Cooch's
Bridge, fought on September 3, 1777, at
Cooch's Bridge in New Castle
Following the Battle of Brandywine, Wilmington was occupied by the
British, and State President
John McKinly was taken prisoner. The
British remained in control of the
Delaware River for much of the rest
of the war, disrupting commerce and providing encouragement to an
active Loyalist portion of the population, particularly in Sussex
County. Because the British promised slaves of rebels freedom for
fighting with them, escaped slaves flocked north to join their
Following the American Revolution, statesmen from
Delaware were among
the leading proponents of a strong central
United States with equal
representation for each state.
Slavery and race
This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help
improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (April 2014) (Learn
how and when to remove this template message)
Many colonial settlers came to
Maryland and Virginia,
which had been experiencing a population boom. The economies of these
colonies were chiefly based on tobacco culture and were increasingly
dependent on slave labor for its intensive cultivation. Most of the
English colonists arrived as indentured servants, under contracts to
work as laborers for a fixed period to pay for their passage. In the
early years the line between indentured servants and African slaves or
laborers was fluid, and the working classes often lived closely
together. Most of the free African-American families in Delaware
before the Revolution had migrated from
Maryland to find more
affordable land. They were descendants chiefly of relationships or
marriages between white servant women and enslaved, servant or free
African or African-American men. As the flow of indentured
laborers to the colony decreased with improving economic conditions in
England, more slaves were imported for labor and the caste lines
At the end of the colonial period, the number of enslaved people in
Delaware began to decline. Shifts in the agriculture economy from
tobacco to mixed farming created less need for slaves' labor. Local
Methodists and Quakers encouraged slaveholders to free their slaves
following the American Revolution, and many did so in a surge of
individual manumissions for idealistic reasons. By 1810 three-quarters
of all blacks in
Delaware were free. When John Dickinson freed his
slaves in 1777, he was Delaware's largest slave owner with 37 slaves.
By 1860, the largest slaveholder owned 16 slaves.
Although attempts to abolish slavery failed by narrow margins in the
legislature, in practical terms, the state had mostly ended the
practice. By the 1860 census on the verge of the Civil War, 91.7% of
the black population were free; 1,798 were slaves, as compared to
19,829 "free colored persons".
The independent black denomination was chartered by freed slave Peter
Spencer in 1813 as the "Union Church of Africans". This followed the
1793 establishment of the African
Methodist Episcopal Church in
Philadelphia, which had ties to the
Methodist Episcopal Church until
1816. Spencer built a church in Wilmington for the new
This was renamed the African Union First Colored
Church and Connection, more commonly known as the A.U.M.P. Church.
Begun by Spencer in 1814, the annual gathering of the Big August
Quarterly still draws people together in a religious and cultural
festival, the oldest such cultural festival in the nation.
Delaware voted against secession on January 3, 1861, and so remained
in the Union. While most
Delaware citizens who fought in the war
served in the regiments of the state, some served in companies on the
Confederate side in
notable for being the only slave state from which no Confederate
regiments or militia groups were assembled.
Delaware essentially freed
the few slaves that were still in bondage shortly after the Civil War,
but rejected the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments to the Constitution;
the 13th Amendment was rejected on February 8, 1865, the 14th
Amendment was rejected on February 8, 1867, and the 15th Amendment was
rejected on March 18, 1869.
Delaware officially ratified the 13th,
14th, and 15th amendments on February 12, 1901.
See also: Largest municipalities in Delaware
Delaware population density map
United States Census Bureau estimates that the population of
Delaware was 952,065 people on July 1, 2016, a 6.0% increase since the
United States Census.
According to the 2010
United States Census,
Delaware had a population
of 897,934 people. The racial composition of the state was:
White American (65.3% Non-Hispanic White, 3.6% White Hispanic)
21.4% Black or African American
0.5% American Indian and
3.2% Asian American
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
3.4% some other race
2.7% Multiracial American
Ethnically, Hispanics and Latinos of any race made up 8.2% of the
Delaware racial breakdown of population
Native Hawaiian and
other Pacific Islander
Two or more races
Delaware is the sixth most densely populated state, with a population
density of 442.6 people per square mile, 356.4 per square mile more
than the national average, and ranking 45th in population.
one of five states that do not have a single city with a population
over 100,000 as of the 2010 census, the other four being West
Maine and Wyoming. The center of population of
Delaware is located in New Castle County, in the town of Townsend.
As of 2011, 49.7% of Delaware's population younger than one year of
age belonged to minority groups (i.e., did not have two parents of
non-Hispanic white ancestry). In 2000 approximately 19% of the
population were African-American and 5% of the population is Hispanic
(mostly of Puerto Rican or Mexican ancestry).
The largest European ancestry groups in
Delaware are, according to
2012 Census Bureau estimates:[not in citation given]
Note: Births in table don't add up because Hispanics are counted both
by their ethnicity and by their race, giving a higher overall number.
Live Births by Race/Ethnicity of Mother
Hispanic (of any race)
As of 2000 91% of
Delaware residents age 5 and older speak only
English at home; 5% speak Spanish. French is the third most spoken
language at 0.7%, followed by Chinese at 0.5% and German at 0.5%.
Legislation had been proposed in both the House and the Senate in
Delaware to designate English as the official language.
Neither bill was passed in the legislature.
As of the year 2010, The Association of Religion Data Archives
reported that the three largest denominational groups in
number of adherents are the
Catholic Church at 182,532 adherents, the
Methodist Church with 53,656 members reported, and
Protestant with 22,973 adherents
reported. The religious body with the largest number of congregations
is the United
Methodist Church (with 158 congregations) followed by
Protestant (with 106 congregations),
Catholic Church (with 45 congregations).
Catholic Diocese of Wilmington and the Episcopal Diocese of
Delaware oversee the parishes within their denominations. The A.U.M.P.
Church, the oldest African-American denomination in the nation, was
founded in Wilmington. It still has a substantial presence in the
state. Reflecting new immigrant populations, an Islamic mosque has
been built in the Ogletown area, and a
Hindu temple in Hockessin.
Delaware is home to an
Amish community that resides to the west of
Dover in Kent County, consisting of 9 church districts and between
1,200 and 1,500 people. The
Amish first settled in Kent County in
1915. In recent years, increasing development has led to the decline
in the number of
Amish living in the community.
A 2012 survey of religious attitudes in the
United States found that
Delaware residents considered themselves "moderately
religious," 33% "very religious," and 33% as "non-religious."
A 2012 Gallup poll found that Delaware's proportion of lesbian, gay,
bisexual, and transgender adults stood at 3.4 percent of the
population. This constitutes a total LGBT adult population estimate of
23,698 people. The number of same-sex couple households in 2010 stood
at 2,646. This grew by 41.65% from a decade earlier.[not specific
enough to verify] On July 1, 2013, same-sex marriage was
legalized, and all civil unions would be converted into
marriages.[not specific enough to verify]
Delaware locations by per capita income
For taxes, see § Government revenue.
Average sale price for new & existing homes (in US$)
According to a 2013 study by Phoenix Marketing International, Delaware
had the ninth-largest number of millionaires per capita in the United
States, with a ratio of 6.20 percent.
"Picking Peaches in Delaware" from an 1878 issue of Harper's Weekly
Delaware's agricultural output consists of poultry, nursery stock,
soybeans, dairy products and corn.
As of October 2015, the state's unemployment rate was 5.1%.
The state's largest employers are:[dubious – discuss]
government (State of Delaware, New Castle County)
education (University of Delaware,
Delaware Technical & Community
banking (Bank of America, M&T Bank, JPMorgan Chase, Citigroup,
chemical, pharmaceutical, technology (E.I. du Pont de Nemours &
Co., AstraZeneca, Syngenta, Agilent Technologies)
healthcare (Christiana Care Health System, Bayhealth Medical Center,
Alfred I. duPont Hospital for Children)
farming, specifically chicken farming in
Sussex County (Perdue Farms,
Mountaire Farms, Allen Family Foods)
retail (Walmart, Walgreens, Acme Markets)
Dover Air Force Base, located next to the state capital of Dover, is
one of the largest Air Force bases in the country and is a major
employer in Delaware. In addition to its other responsibilities in the
United States Air Force Air Mobility Command, this air base serves as
the entry point and mortuary for American military personnel and some
U.S. government civilians who die overseas.
The neutrality of this section is disputed. Relevant discussion may be
found on the talk page. Please do not remove this message until
conditions to do so are met. (July 2016) (Learn how and when to remove
this template message)
The recent merger of E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Co. and Dow
Chemical Company into Dow
DuPont on September 1, 2017 has caused many
to question the viability of the remaining operations of the merged
company in Delaware.
DuPont employed over 8,000 at its peak as the
state's second largest private employer. The stability of the state's
economic future is of concern. In late 2015, DuPont
announced that 1,700 employees, nearly a third of its footprint in
Delaware, would be laid off in early 2016.
Since the mid-2000s,
Delaware has suffered an onslaught of economic
downfalls affecting stable middle class jobs including the departure
of the state's automotive manufacturing industry (General Motors
Wilmington Assembly and
Chrysler Newark Assembly), the corporate
buyout of a major bank holding company (MBNA), the departure of the
state's steel industry (Evraz Claymont Steel), the bankruptcy of a
fiber mill (National Vulcanized Fibre), and the diminishing
Astra Zeneca in Wilmington.
Incorporation in Delaware
More than 50% of all U.S. publicly traded companies and 63% of the
Fortune 500 are incorporated in Delaware. The state's
attractiveness as a corporate haven is largely because of its
business-friendly corporation law. Franchise taxes on Delaware
corporations supply about one-fifth of its state revenue. Although
"USA (Delaware)" ranked as the world's most opaque jurisdiction on the
Tax Justice Network's 2009 Financial Secrecy Index, the same
group's 2011 Index ranks the USA fifth and does not specify
Delaware. In Delaware, there are more than a million registered
corporations, meaning there are more corporations than people.
Food and drink
Title 4, chapter 7 of the
Delaware Code stipulates that alcoholic
liquor only be sold in specifically licensed establishments, and only
between 9:00 am and 1:00 am. Until 2003,
among the several states enforcing blue laws and banned the sale of
liquor on Sunday.
The current state license plate design was introduced in 1959, making
it the longest-running license plate design in United States
The transportation system in
Delaware is under the governance and
supervision of the
Delaware Department of Transportation, also known
as "DelDOT". Funding for DelDOT projects is drawn, in part,
Delaware Transportation Trust Fund, established in 1987 to
help stabilize transportation funding; the availability of the Trust
led to a gradual separation of DelDOT operations from other Delaware
state operations. DelDOT manages programs such as a Delaware
Adopt-a-Highway program, major road route snow removal, traffic
control infrastructure (signs and signals), toll road management,
Delaware Division of Motor Vehicles, the
Delaware Transit Corporation
(branded as "DART First State", the state government public
transportation organization), among others. In 2009, DelDOT maintained
13,507 lane miles of roads, totaling 89 percent of the state's public
roadway system; the remaining public road miles are under the
supervision of individual municipalities. This far exceeds the United
States national average of 20 percent for state department of
transportation maintenance responsibility.
The "DART First State" public transportation system was named "Most
Outstanding Public Transportation System" in 2003 by the American
Public Transportation Association. Coverage of the system is broad
within northern New Castle County with close association to major
highways in Kent and
Sussex counties. The system includes bus,
subsidized passenger rail operated by
Philadelphia transit agency
SEPTA, and subsidized taxi and paratransit modes. The paratransit
system, consisting of a statewide door-to-door bus service for the
elderly and disabled, has been described by a
Delaware state report as
"the most generous paratransit system in the United States." As of
2012[update], fees for the paratransit service have not changed since
Delaware State Route System
Delaware Route 1 (DE 1), a partial toll road linking Fenwick
Island and Wilmington.
One major branch of the U.S. Interstate Highway System,
Interstate 95 (I-95), crosses
across New Castle County. In addition to I-95, there are six U.S.
highways that serve Delaware: U.S. Route 9 (US 9),
US 13, US 40, US 113, US 202, and US 301.
There are also several state highways that cross the state of
Delaware; a few of them include
Delaware Route 1 (DE 1),
DE 9, and DE 404. US 13 and DE 1 are primary
north-south highways connecting Wilmington and
Maryland, with DE 1 serving as the main route between Wilmington
Delaware beaches. DE 9 is a north-south highway
connecting Dover and Wilmington via a scenic route along the Delaware
Bay. US 40, is a primary east-west route, connecting Maryland
with New Jersey. DE 404 is another primary east-west highway
Chesapeake Bay Bridge in
Maryland with the Delaware
beaches. The state also operates two toll highways, the Delaware
Turnpike, which is I-95, between
Maryland and New Castle and the
Korean War Veterans Memorial Highway, which is DE 1, between
Wilmington and Dover.
A bicycle route,
Delaware Bicycle Route 1, spans the north-south
length of the state from the
Maryland border in Fenwick Island to the
Pennsylvania border north of Montchanin. It is the first of several
signed bike routes planned in Delaware.
Delaware has around 1,450 bridges, 95 percent of which are under the
supervision of DelDOT. About 30 percent of all
Delaware bridges were
built before 1950, and about 60 percent of the number are included in
the National Bridge Inventory. Some bridges not under DelDOT
supervision includes the four bridges on the Chesapeake and Delaware
Canal, which are under the jurisdiction of the U.S. Army Corps of
Engineers, and the
Delaware Memorial Bridge, which is under the
Delaware River and Bay Authority.
It has been noted that the tar and chip composition of secondary roads
Sussex County make them more prone to deterioration than asphalt
roadways found in almost the rest of the state. Among these roads,
Sussex (county road) 236 is among the most problematic.
Cape May–Lewes Ferry
There are three ferries that operate in the state of Delaware:
Cape May–Lewes Ferry
Cape May–Lewes Ferry crosses the mouth of the
Delaware Bay between
Lewes, Delaware and Cape May, New Jersey.
Woodland Ferry is a cable ferry that crosses the Nanticoke River
southwest of Seaford.
Forts Ferry Crossing
Forts Ferry Crossing connects
Delaware City with
Fort Delaware and
Fort Mott, New Jersey
Rail and bus
Amtrak has two stations in
Delaware along the Northeast Corridor; the
relatively quiet Newark Rail Station in Newark, and the busier
Wilmington Rail Station in Wilmington. The
Northeast Corridor is also
served by SEPTA's
Wilmington/Newark Line of Regional Rail, which
serves Claymont, Wilmington, Churchmans Crossing, and Newark.
Two Class I railroads,
Norfolk Southern and CSX, provide freight rail
service in northern New Castle County.
Norfolk Southern provides
freight service along the
Northeast Corridor and to industrial areas
in Edgemoor, New Castle, and
Delaware City. CSX's Philadelphia
Subdivision passes through northern New Castle County parallel to the
Amtrak Northeast Corridor. Multiple short-line railroads provide
freight service in Delaware. The
Delmarva Central Railroad
Delmarva Central Railroad operates
the most trackage of the short-line railroads, running from an
Norfolk Southern in Porter south through Dover,
Harrington, and Seaford to Delmar, with another line running from
Harrington to Frankford. The
Delmarva Central Railroad
Delmarva Central Railroad connects with
two shortline railroads, the
Delaware Coast Line Railroad
Delaware Coast Line Railroad and the
Delaware Railroad, which serve local customers in Sussex
CSX connects with the freight/heritage operation, the
Wilmington and Western Railroad, based in Wilmington and the East Penn
Railroad, which operates a line from Wilmington to Coatesville,
The last north-south passenger train through the main part of Delaware
Pennsylvania Railroad's The Cavalier, which ended service from
Philadelphia through the state's interior in 1951.
See also: Aviation in Delaware
As of 2016[update], there is no scheduled air service from any
Delaware airport, as has been the case in various years since 1991.
Various airlines had served Wilmington Airport, with the latest
Frontier Airlines in April 2015.
Delaware is centrally situated in the
Northeast megalopolis region of
cities along I-95. Therefore,
Delaware commercial airline passengers
most frequently use
Philadelphia International Airport (PHL),
Baltimore-Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport
Baltimore-Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport (BWI) and
Washington Dulles International Airport
Washington Dulles International Airport (IAD) for domestic and
international transit. Residents of
Sussex County will also use
Wicomico Regional Airport
Wicomico Regional Airport (SBY), as it is located less than 10 miles
(16 km) from the
Delaware border. Atlantic City International
Newark Liberty International Airport
Newark Liberty International Airport (EWR), and Ronald
Reagan Washington National Airport (DCA) are also within a 100-mile
(160 km) radius of New Castle County.
Dover Air Force Base
Dover Air Force Base of the
Air Mobility Command
Air Mobility Command is located in the
central part of the state, and it is the home of the 436th Airlift
Wing and the 512th Airlift Wing.
Other general aviation airports in
Delaware include Summit Airport
Middletown, Delaware Airpark near Cheswold, and
Airport near Georgetown.
Law and government
Delaware's fourth and current constitution, adopted in 1897, provides
for executive, judicial and legislative branches.
Delaware General Assembly
Delaware General Assembly meets in the Legislative Hall in Dover.
Delaware General Assembly
Delaware General Assembly consists of a House of Representatives
with 41 members and a Senate with 21 members. It sits in Dover, the
state capital. Representatives are elected to two-year terms, while
senators are elected to four-year terms. The Senate confirms judicial
and other nominees appointed by the governor.
Delaware's U.S. Senators are
Tom Carper (Democrat) and Chris Coons
(Democrat). Delaware's single U.S. Representative is Lisa Blunt
Delaware Constitution establishes a number of courts:
Delaware Supreme Court
Delaware Supreme Court is the state's highest court.
Delaware Superior Court is the state's trial court of general
Delaware Court of Chancery deals primarily in corporate disputes.
The Family Court handles domestic and custody matters.
Delaware Court of Common Pleas has jurisdiction over a limited
class of civil and criminal matters.
Minor non-constitutional courts include the Justice of the Peace
Courts and Aldermen's Courts.
Delaware has one of the few remaining Courts of
Chancery in the nation, which has jurisdiction over equity cases, the
vast majority of which are corporate disputes, many relating to
mergers and acquisitions. The Court of Chancery and the Delaware
Supreme Court have developed a worldwide reputation for rendering
concise opinions concerning corporate law which generally (but not
always) grant broad discretion to corporate boards of directors and
officers. In addition, the
Delaware General Corporation Law, which
forms the basis of the Courts' opinions, is widely regarded as giving
great flexibility to corporations to manage their affairs. For these
Delaware is considered to have the most business-friendly
legal system in the United States; therefore a great number of
companies are incorporated in Delaware, including 60% of the companies
listed on the New York Stock Exchange.
Delaware was the last U.S.
state to use judicial corporal punishment, in 1952.
See also: List of Governors of Delaware
The executive branch is headed by the Governor of Delaware. The
present governor is John Carney (Democrat), who took office January
17, 2017. The lieutenant governor is Bethany Hall-Long. The governor
presents a "State of the State" speech to a joint session of the
Delaware legislature annually.
Delaware is subdivided into three counties; from north to south they
are New Castle, Kent and Sussex. This is the fewest among all states.
Each county elects its own legislative body (known in New Castle and
Sussex counties as County Council, and in Kent County as Levy Court),
which deal primarily in zoning and development issues. Most functions
which are handled on a county-by-county basis in other states – such
as court and law enforcement – have been centralized in Delaware,
leading to a significant concentration of power in the
government. The counties were historically divided into hundreds,
which were used as tax reporting and voting districts until the 1960s,
but now serve no administrative role, their only current official
legal use being in real-estate title descriptions.
United States presidential election in Delaware, 2016 and
Political party strength in Delaware
Presidential elections results
Treemap of the popular vote by county, 2016 presidential election.
The Democratic Party holds a plurality of registrations in Delaware.
Until the 2000 presidential election, the state tended to be a
Presidential bellwether, sending its three electoral votes to the
winning candidate since 1952. This trend ended in 2000 when Delaware's
electoral votes went to Al Gore. In 2004
John Kerry won
eight percentage points. In 2008 Democrat
Barack Obama defeated
John McCain in
Delaware 62.63% to 37.37%. Obama's running
mate was Joe Biden, who had represented
Delaware in the United States
Senate since 1973. Obama carried
Delaware again in 2012. In 2016,
Delaware's electoral votes went to Hillary Clinton.
Delaware's swing to the Democrats is in part due to a strong
Democratic trend in New Castle County, home to 55 percent of
Delaware's population (the two smaller counties have only 359,000
people between them to New Castle's 535,000). New Castle has not voted
Republican in a presidential election since 1988. In 1992, 2000, 2004,
and 2016, the Republican presidential candidate carried both Kent and
Sussex but lost by double-digits each time in New Castle, which was a
large enough margin to swing the state to the Democrats. New Castle
also elects a substantial majority of the legislature; 27 of the 41
state house districts and 14 of the 21 state senate districts are
based in New Castle.
The Democrats have held the governorship since 1993, having won the
last six gubernatorial elections in a row. Democrats presently hold
seven of the nine statewide elected offices, while the Republicans
hold only two statewide offices,
State Auditor and State Treasurer.
Freedom of information
See also: Freedom of information in the
United States § State
Each of the 50 states of the
United States has passed some form of
freedom of information legislation, which provides a mechanism for the
general public to request information of the government.[citation
needed] In 2011
Delaware passed legislation placing a 15 business day
time limit on addressing freedom-of-information requests, to either
produce information or an explanation of why such information would
take longer than this time to produce.
Delaware has six different income tax brackets, ranging from 2.2% to
5.95%. The state does not assess sales tax on consumers. The state
does, however, impose a tax on the gross receipts of most businesses.
Business and occupational license tax rates range from 0.096% to
1.92%, depending on the category of business activity.
Delaware does not assess a state-level tax on real or personal
property. Real estate is subject to county property taxes, school
district property taxes, vocational school district taxes, and, if
located within an incorporated area, municipal property taxes.
Gambling provides significant revenue to the state. For instance, the
Delaware Park Racetrack provided more than $100 million USD
to the state in 2010.
Voter registration and party enrollment as of March 2017
Number of voters
Independent Party of Delaware
American Delta Party
American Independent Party
Working Families Party
Blue Enigma Party
Socialist Workers Party
Natural Law Party
Wilmington is the state's largest city and its economic hub. It is
located within commuting distance of both
Philadelphia and Baltimore.
All regions of
Delaware are enjoying phenomenal growth, with Dover and
the beach resorts expanding at a rapid rate.
Further information: List of
Dover Base Housing
University of Delaware
Delaware was the origin of Belton v. Gebhart, one of the four cases
which was combined into Brown v. Board of Education, the Supreme Court
United States decision that led to the end of segregated public
schools. Significantly, Belton was the only case in which the state
court found for the plaintiffs, thereby ruling that segregation was
Unlike many states, Delaware's educational system is centralized in a
state Superintendent of Education, with local school boards retaining
control over taxation and some curriculum decisions.
As of 2011[update], the
Delaware Department of Education had
authorized the founding of 25 charter schools in the state, one of
them being all-girls.
All teachers in the State's public school districts are unionized.
As of January 2012[update], none of the State's charter schools are
members of a teachers union. One of the State's teachers' unions
Delaware State Education Association (DSEA), whose President as of
January 2012 is Frederika Jenner.
Colleges and Universities
Delaware College of Art and Design
Delaware State University
Delaware Technical & Community College
Drexel University at Wilmington
University of Delaware
University of Delaware — Ranked 63rd in USA and in top 201–250 in
the world (
Times Higher Education World University Rankings
Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2018)
Widener University School of Law
Sister cities and states
Delaware's sister state in Japan is Miyagi Prefecture.
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (March
See also: Category:
The northern part of the state is served by network stations in
Philadelphia and the southern part by network stations in Baltimore
and Salisbury, Maryland. Philadelphia's ABC affiliate, WPVI-TV,
maintains a news bureau in downtown Wilmington. Salisbury's ABC
Sussex and lower Kent County; while CBS
affiliate, WBOC-TV, maintains bureaus in Dover and Milton.
Few television stations are based solely in Delaware; the local PBS
Philadelphia (but licensed to Wilmington), WHYY-TV,
maintains a studio and broadcasting facility in Wilmington and Dover,
Ion Television affiliate
WPPX is licensed to Wilmington but maintains
their offices in
Philadelphia and their digital transmitter outside of
that city and an analog tower in New Jersey, and
MeTV affiliate KJWP
is licensed to Wilmington but maintains their offices in New Jersey
and their transmitter is located at the antenna farm in Philadelphia.
In April 2014, it was revealed that Rehoboth Beach's
affiliate with NBC, becoming the first major network-affiliated
station in Delaware.
This section may contain indiscriminate, excessive, or irrelevant
examples. Please improve the article by adding more descriptive text
and removing less pertinent examples. See's guide to writing
better articles for further suggestions. (June 2014)
Rehoboth Beach is a popular vacation spot during the summer months
Fort Delaware State Park on Pea Patch Island is a popular spot during
the spring and summer. A ferry takes visitors to the fort from nearby
In addition to First State National Historical Park,
several museums, wildlife refuges, parks, houses, lighthouses, and
other historic places.
Rehoboth Beach, together with the towns of Lewes, Dewey Beach, Bethany
Beach, South Bethany, and Fenwick Island, comprise Delaware's beach
resorts. Rehoboth Beach often bills itself as "The Nation's Summer
Capital" because it is a frequent summer vacation destination for
Washington, D.C. residents as well as visitors from Maryland,
Virginia, and in lesser numbers, Pennsylvania. Vacationers are drawn
for many reasons, including the town's charm, artistic appeal,
nightlife, and tax free shopping. According to SeaGrant Delaware, the
Delaware Beaches generate $6.9 billion annually and over $711 million
in tax revenue.
Delaware is home to several festivals, fairs, and events. Some of the
more notable festivals are the Riverfest held in Seaford, the World
Championship Punkin Chunkin formerly held at various locations
throughout the state since 1986, the Rehoboth Beach Chocolate
Festival, the Bethany Beach Jazz Funeral to mark the end of summer,
the Apple Scrapple Festival held in Bridgeville, the Clifford Brown
Jazz Festival in Wilmington, the Rehoboth Beach Jazz Festival, the Sea
Witch Halloween Festival and Parade in Rehoboth Beach, the Rehoboth
Beach Independent Film Festival, the Nanticoke Indian Pow Wow in Oak
Orchard, Firefly Music Festival, and the Return Day Parade held after
every election in Georgetown.
In 2015, tourism in
Delaware generated $3.1 billion, which makes up of
5 percent of the state's GDP.
Delaware saw 8.5 million visitors in
2015, with the tourism industry employing 41,730 people, making it the
4th largest private employer in the state. Major origin markets for
Delaware tourists include Philadelphia, Baltimore, New York City,
Washington, D.C., and Harrisburg, with 97% of tourists arriving to the
state by car and 75% of tourists coming from 200 miles (320 km)
Culture and entertainment
Wilmington Blue Rocks
Diamond State Roller Girls
Women's Flat Track Derby Association
Delaware Blue Coats
NBA G League
Delaware Black Foxes
USA Rugby League
NASCAR racing at Dover International Speedway
Delaware has no franchises in the major American professional
sports leagues, many Delawareans follow either
Baltimore teams. The University of Delaware's football team has a
large following throughout the state with the
University and Wesley College teams also enjoying a smaller degree of
Delaware is home to
Dover International Speedway
Dover International Speedway and Dover Downs. DIS,
also known as the Monster Mile, hosts two
NASCAR race weekends each
year, one in the late spring and one in the early fall.
Dover Downs is
a popular harness racing facility. It is the only co-located horse and
car-racing facility in the nation, with the
Dover Downs track located
inside the DIS track.
Delaware is represented in
USA Rugby League
USA Rugby League by 2015 expansion club,
Delaware Black Foxes.
Delaware has been home to professional wrestling outfit Combat Zone
Wrestling (CZW). CZW has been affiliated with the annual Tournament of
Death and ECWA with its annual Super 8 Tournament.
Delaware's official state sport is bicycling.
Delaware Native Americans
Delaware is also the name of a Native American group (called in their
own language Lenni Lenape) that was influential in the colonial period
United States and is today headquartered in Cheswold, Kent
County, Delaware. A band of the Nanticoke tribe of American Indians
today resides in
Sussex County and is headquartered in Millsboro,
Sussex County, Delaware.
Several ships have been named
USS Delaware in honor of this state.
Main article: List of people from Delaware
Index of Delaware-related articles
Outline of Delaware
^ While the
U.S. Census Bureau
U.S. Census Bureau designates
Delaware as one of the South
Atlantic States, it is usually grouped with the
Mid-Atlantic States or
the Northeastern United States.
^ Because of surveying errors, the actual line is several compound
arcs with centers at different points in New Castle.
^ Melissa Nann Burke (January 5, 2015). "
Delaware a Small Wonder no
Delaware Online. Retrieved March 10, 2015.
^ The State of Delaware. "State of Delaware". delaware.gov. Retrieved
September 27, 2015.
^ USGS, Howard Perlman,. "Area of each state that is water".
^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. June
22, 2017. Retrieved June 22, 2017.
^ "Median Annual Household Income". The Henry J. Kaiser Family
Foundation. Retrieved December 9, 2016.
^ a b "Elevations and Distances in the United States". United States
Geological Survey. 2001. Archived from the original on October 15,
2011. Retrieved October 21, 2011.
^ Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988.
^ Schenck, William S. "Highest Point in Delaware".
Survey. Archived from the original on October 20, 2008. Retrieved July
^ Molly Murray (January 6, 2015). "Delaware's new tourism brand:
Delaware Online. Retrieved March 10, 2015.
^ Random House Dictionary
^ "Delaware". Online Etymology Dictionary. Retrieved February 24,
^ Myers, Albert Cook (1912). Narratives of Early Pennsylvania, West
New Jersey and Delaware, 1630–1707, Volume 13. C. Scribner's Sons.
^ "The First to Ratify" would be more accurate, as the beginnings of
the states themselves date back to the Declaration of Independence,
celebrated July 4, 1776, when what was to become the State of Delaware
was still the three lower counties of
Pennsylvania with the governor
in Philadelphia, and not establishing independence from that body
until September 20, 1776. According to Delaware's own website,
Delaware became a state in 1776, just two months after the signing of
the Declaration of Independence." (ref-pdf) Therefore
actually the last of the thirteen colonies to establish itself as a
state. Additionally, the
Delaware State Quarter is minted with this
nickname, yet shows
Caesar Rodney on horseback in commemoration of how
he was the last delegate to show up to the Continental Congress for
the historic vote for independence. And with regard to the original
Articles of Confederation,
Delaware was the 12th of the 13 states to
^ Ware DeGidio, Wanda (2011). Ware DeGidio, Wanda, ed. Ware Family
History: Descendants from Ancient, Medieval, and Modern Kings and
Queens, and Presidents of the United States. p. 10.
^ a b "Extreme and Mean Elevations by State and Other Area" (PDF).
Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2004–2005. United States
Census Bureau. p. 216. Retrieved March 16, 2011.
^ "A Summary of the Geologic History of Delaware". The Delaware
^ a b Olson; D. M; E. Dinerstein; et al. (2001). "Terrestrial
Ecoregions of the World: A New Map of Life on Earth". BioScience. 51
(11): 933–938. doi:10.1641/0006-3568(2001)051[0933:TEOTWA]2.0.CO;2.
ISSN 0006-3568. Archived from the original on October 14,
^ Montgomery, Jeff (May 14, 2011). "Cleaning up contamination". The
News Journal. New Castle, Delaware: Gannett. DelawareOnline. Archived
from the original on May 14, 2011. Retrieved May 14, 2011. The
first online page is archived; the page containing information related
here is not in the archived version.
^ a b Munroe, John A (2006). "3. The Lower Counties on The Delaware".
History of Delaware
History of Delaware (5th, illustrated ed.). University of Delaware
Press. p. 45. ISBN 0-87413-947-3.
^ Scheltema, Gajus; Westerhuijs, Heleen, eds. (2011), Exploring
Historic Dutch New York, New York: Museum of the City of New
York/Dover, ISBN 978-0-486-48637-6
^ Lurie, Mappen M (2004), Encyclopedia of New Jersey, Rutgers
University Press, p. 327, ISBN 0-8135-3325-2
^ Mayo, LS (1921), John Wentworth, Governor of New Hampshire:
1767–1775, Harvard University Press, p. 5
^ Schama, Simon (2006), Rough Crossings: Britain, the Slaves, and the
American Revolution, New York: Harper Collins
^ Heinegg, Paul, Free African
Americans in Virginia, North Carolina,
Maryland and Delaware, retrieved February 15,
^ Kolchin 1994, pp. 78, 81–82.
^ Kolchin 1994, pp. 81–82.
^ "1860 Federal Census", Historical Census Browser, University of
Virginia Library, archived from the original on October 11, 2014,
retrieved November 30, 2012
^ Dalleo, Peter T. (June 27, 1997). "The Growth of Delaware's
Antebellum Free African Community". University of Delaware.
^ "Resident Population Data". Census. 2010. Archived from the original
on October 19, 2013. Retrieved August 17, 2011.
^ a b "Table 1. Annual Estimates of the Population for the United
States, Regions, States, and Puerto Rico: April 1, 2010 to July 1,
2016". 2015 Population Estimates.
United States Census Bureau,
Population Division. December 20, 2016. Archived from the original
(CSV) on December 23, 2015. Retrieved December 20, 2016.
^ "American FactFinder". Factfinder2.census.gov. October 5, 2010.
Archived from the original on May 20, 2011. Retrieved August 17,
^ Historical Census Statistics on Population Totals By Race, 1790 to
1990, and By Hispanic Origin, 1970 to 1990, For The United States,
Regions, Divisions, and States Archived copy at
WebCite (June 22,
^ "censusviewer.com/city/ID". January 7, 2014. Archived from the
original on January 7, 2014.
^ Center for New Media and Promotions(C2PO). "2010 Census Data".
census.gov. Retrieved September 27, 2015.
^ Voting (press release), US: Census, archived from the original on
February 4, 2008
^ "Population and Population Centers by State".
United States Census
Bureau. 2000. Archived from the original (plain text) on June 22,
2013. Retrieved March 9, 2007.
^ Exner, Rich (June 3, 2012). "
Americans under age 1 now mostly
minorities, but not in Ohio: Statistical Snapshot". The Plain
^ "Demographic, Social and Economic Profile for Delaware" (PDF).
^ Data Access and Dissemination Systems (DADS). "American FactFinder
– Results". census.gov. Retrieved September 27, 2015.
^ SB 129, State of Delaware , assigned June 13, 2007 to Senate
^ HB 436, State of Delaware , stricken June 15, 2006
^ The Pew Forum – America’s Changing Religious Landscape
^ "The Association of Religion Data Archives State Membership
Report". www.thearda.com. Retrieved November 7, 2013.
Amish Countryside". Kent County & Greater Dover, Delaware
Convention and Visitors Bureau. Archived from the original on November
23, 2016. Retrieved November 22, 2016.
Amish America. Retrieved October 6, 2017.
Catholic News Agency (April 3, 2012). "In 'very religious' USA,
Delaware residents as 'moderately' so – by 1 percent".
The Dialog. Retrieved April 16, 2012.
^ "LGBT Percentage Highest in D.C., Lowest in North Dakota". State of
the States. Gallup Politics. February 15, 2013
^ Williams Inst. Census Snapshot
^ Chase, Randall (May 7, 2013). "
Delaware to Become 11th State With
Gay Marriage". ABC News. Retrieved May 7, 2011
^ Ruth, Eric (April 15, 2010). "
Delaware housing: Home prices slide in
all three counties; sales in NCCo, Kent down from year ago". The News
Delaware Online. Retrieved March 31,
2014. (subscription required)
^ Frank, Robert (January 15, 2014). "Top states for millionaires per
capita". CNBC. CNBC.com. Retrieved October 28, 2016.
Delaware Economy at a Glance" (database report). United States
Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.
DuPont merger called 'catastrophic' for Delaware". Retrieved 12
DuPont merger: A 'sad day' for Delaware". Retrieved 12 December
^ "DuPont-Dow merger 'catastrophic' for Delaware". Retrieved 12
^ "Chemours will lay off 400, including some in Delaware". Retrieved
12 December 2015.
DuPont to cut 1,700 jobs in
Delaware in January". Retrieved 29
Retrieved 12 December 2015. Missing or empty title= (help)
AstraZeneca lays off workers at
Delaware officials concerned about AstraZeneca, DuPont
Delaware Division of Corporations". Government of DE. Retrieved
June 10, 2012.
Delaware 2007 Fiscal Notebook – State General Fund Revenues by
Category (F.Y. 2002 – F.Y. 2005)" (PDF). Archived from the original
(PDF) on August 16, 2011. Retrieved August 17, 2011.
^ "Financial Secrecy Index" (PDF). Tax Justice Network. November 1,
^ "Financial Secrecy Index" (PDF). Tax Justice Network. October 4,
^ "State of
Delaware – Division of Corporations".
^ "Chapter 7. Regulatory Provisions". Online
Delaware Code. Delaware
General Assembly. Archived from the original on June 26, 2013.
Retrieved September 13, 2011.
^ Aaron, Nathans (July 9, 2011). "Del. package stores hope to benefit
from Md. tax". The News Journal. New Castle, Delaware. Archived from
the original on July 11, 2011. Retrieved July 10, 2011.
^ Harlow, Summer (January 20, 2008). "Auto tag No. 6 likely to sell
for $1 million". The News Journal. Archived from the original on
September 23, 2015.
^ "State of
Delaware Department of Transportation". State of Delaware.
Retrieved June 30, 2006.
^ Staff (
Delaware Department of Transportation
Delaware Department of Transportation Public Relations)
Delaware Transportation Facts 2005 (PDF). DelDOT Division of
Planning. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 9, 2008.
^ a b c Montgomery, Jeff (January 29, 2011). "Crisis ahead on Delaware
roads". The News Journal. delawareonline. Retrieved January 29,
Delaware Transportation Facts (PDF).
Delaware Department of
Transportation. 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 11,
2012. Retrieved April 16, 2012.
Delaware Bicycle Facility Master Plan". Delaware
Department of Transportation. Retrieved September 28, 2010.
^ a b Justin Williams (April 17, 2011). "Anything Once: On the road,
taking plenty of pot shots". News Journal. Wilmington, Delaware:
Gannett. DelawareOnline. Retrieved April 17, 2011. [dead link]
^ "Delmarva Central Railroad". Carload Express. Retrieved March 27,
^ Baer, Christopher T (2009), Named Trains of The PRR Including
Through Services (PDF), PRRTHS
^ See Wilmington Airport for history and details.
Delaware Constitution of 1897 as amended". State of Delaware.
Retrieved 22 August 2016.
^ "About Agency".
Delaware Division of Corporations. Archived from the
original on February 28, 2007. Retrieved July 23, 2008.
^ Pleck, Elizabeth Hefkin (2004). Domestic tyranny: the making of
American social policy against family. University of
p. 120. ISBN 978-0-252-07175-1.
Delaware House of Representatives
Delaware House of Representatives Minority Caucus". 2010. Archived
from the original on January 24, 2010. Retrieved January 24,
^ "The Hundreds of Delaware". Department of State: Division of
Historical and Cultural Affairs.
Delaware State Archives. Archived
from the original on June 17, 2010. Retrieved September 28,
^ Bennett, Rep.; Peterson, Sen.; Katz, Sen. (January 6, 2011), "An Act
to Amend Title 29 of the
Delaware Code Relating to the Freedom of
Delaware Code, 78 (online ed.) (published April 15,
2011), 10, House Bill # 5, retrieved April 22, 2011
^ Barrish, Chris (April 23, 2011). "
Delaware crime: Wave of brazen
attacks sounds alarm at casino".
Delaware Online. Wilmington, DE:
Gannett. 1st page of online article archived via link provided.
Archived from the original on May 14, 2011. Retrieved April 23,
^ Dobo, Nichole (June 12, 2011). "
Delaware schools: Checkered past
goes unchecked". The News Journal. Archived from the original on June
13, 2011. Retrieved June 13, 2011.
^ a b c Dobo, Nichole (2012). "Charter votes to join union". The News
Journal (published Jan 19, 2012). delawareonline. Retrieved January
^ McDowell; Sen. McBride; Rep. George (March 22, 2011). "Mourning
Those Lost in the Recent Earthquake and Related Disasters that have
Befallen Japan, and Expressing the Thoughts and Prayers of All
Delawareans for the Citizens of Our Sister State of Miyagi Prefecture
During These Difficult Times" (published March 23, 2011). Senate Joint
Resolution # 3. Retrieved April 22, 2011.
^ "Meet Delaware's New
NBC Affiliate". Multichannel News. Retrieved
April 24, 2014.
^ "The Contribution of The Coastal Economy To The State of Delaware".
SeaGrant Delaware. Retrieved April 1, 2017.
^ "The Value of Tourism 2015" (PDF). Visit Delaware. Retrieved
February 6, 2018.
^ "AN ACT TO AMEND TITLE 29 OF THE DELAWARE CODE RELATING TO THE
DESIGNATION OF A STATE SPORT". Retrieved 7 July 2016.
Kolchin, Peter (1994), American Slavery: 1619–1877, New York: Hill
& Wang .
Delaware State Guide, Library of Congress .
Find more aboutDelawareat's sister projects
Definitions from Wiktionary
Media from Wikimedia Commons
News from Wikinews
Quotations from Wikiquote
Texts from Wikisource
Textbooks from Wikibooks
Travel guide from Wikivoyage
Learning resources from Wikiversity
Delaware (official website) .
Geographic data related to
Delaware at OpenStreetMap
Delaware Tourism homepage
Delaware Map Data
Energy & Environmental Data for Delaware
USGS real-time, geographic, and other scientific resources of Delaware
U.S. Census Bureau
Delaware State Facts from USDA
2000 Census of Population and Housing for Delaware, U.S. Census Bureau
Delaware at Ballotpedia
Delaware at Curlie (based on DMOZ)
Delaware State Databases – Annotated list of searchable databases
Delaware state agencies and compiled by the Government
Documents Roundtable of the American Library Association.
List of U.S. states by date of admission to the Union
Ratified Constitution on December 7, 1787 (1st)
State of Delaware
Political divisions of the United States
Northern Mariana Islands
U.S. Virgin Islands
List of Indian reservations
Northeastern United States
District of Columbia
New York City
Coordinates: 39°00′N 75°30′W / 39°N 75.5°W / 39;
ISNI: 0000 0004 0405 8613