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Debrecen
Debrecen
(Hungarian pronunciation: [ˈdɛbrɛt͡sɛn] ( listen)) is Hungary's second largest city after Budapest. It is the regional centre of the Northern Great Plain
Northern Great Plain
region and the seat of Hajdú-Bihar county. It was the largest Hungarian city in the 18th century[1] and it is one of the Hungarian people's most important cultural centres.[2] Debrecen
Debrecen
was also the capital city of Hungary
Hungary
during the revolution in 1848–1849. During the revolution, the dethronement of the Habsburg dynasty was declared in the Reformed Great Church. The city also served as the capital of Hungary
Hungary
by the end of the World War II in 1944–1945.[2] It is home of the University of Debrecen.

Contents

1 Name 2 Climate 3 Economy 4 Location 5 Transport 6 History 7 Demographics

7.1 Languages 7.2 Ethnic groups 7.3 Religion

7.3.1 Reformed Church in Debrecen 7.3.2 Jewish community

8 Culture 9 Sports

9.1 Association football

10 Main sights 11 Politics 12 Famous people

12.1 Born in Debrecen 12.2 Lived in Debrecen

13 Twin towns - sister cities 14 See also

14.1 Debrecen
Debrecen
cuisine

15 References 16 Bibliography 17 External links

Name[edit] The city is first documented, as "Debrezun", in 1235. The name derives from the Turkic word "debresin", which means "live" or "move" and it is also a male given name.[3] Other theory says the name is of Slavic origin meaning well-esteemed (Polish: Dobrze cenione). In other languages, the name of the city varies more in spelling than in pronunciation: Romanian Debrețin, German Debrezin, Serbian Debrecin, Czech and Slovak Debrecín. Climate[edit] Debrecen, typically for its Central European location, has a humid continental climate (Köppen Dfb).

Climate data for Debrecen

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 15.4 (59.7) 19.0 (66.2) 26.4 (79.5) 33.6 (92.5) 33.4 (92.1) 37.0 (98.6) 38.5 (101.3) 39.2 (102.6) 36.4 (97.5) 29.5 (85.1) 25.5 (77.9) 17.4 (63.3) 39.2 (102.6)

Average high °C (°F) 0.7 (33.3) 3.5 (38.3) 10.0 (50) 16.3 (61.3) 22.0 (71.6) 25.1 (77.2) 27.1 (80.8) 26.6 (79.9) 22.3 (72.1) 16.1 (61) 8.3 (46.9) 2.9 (37.2) 15.1 (59.2)

Daily mean °C (°F) −2.4 (27.7) −0.5 (31.1) 4.6 (40.3) 10.4 (50.7) 15.8 (60.4) 18.9 (66) 20.7 (69.3) 19.8 (67.6) 15.5 (59.9) 9.9 (49.8) 4.4 (39.9) -0.0 (32) 9.8 (49.6)

Average low °C (°F) −5.7 (21.7) −4.0 (24.8) -0.0 (32) 4.7 (40.5) 9.7 (49.5) 12.9 (55.2) 14.3 (57.7) 13.7 (56.7) 9.9 (49.8) 5.1 (41.2) 1.0 (33.8) −2.9 (26.8) 4.9 (40.8)

Record low °C (°F) −30.2 (−22.4) −26.0 (−14.8) −17.8 (0) −7.1 (19.2) −3.0 (26.6) −0.4 (31.3) 5.2 (41.4) 2.7 (36.9) −2.9 (26.8) −14.9 (5.2) −19.0 (−2.2) −28.0 (−18.4) −30.2 (−22.4)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 32.5 (1.28) 31.6 (1.244) 31.6 (1.244) 44.9 (1.768) 59.4 (2.339) 72.9 (2.87) 60.5 (2.382) 58.5 (2.303) 42.0 (1.654) 43.2 (1.701) 48.3 (1.902) 43.1 (1.697) 568.5 (22.384)

Mean monthly sunshine hours 57.6 85.0 146.8 190.3 251.4 266.4 295.3 274.3 201.7 155.1 72.2 47.0 2,043.1

Source: HMS[4]

Economy[edit]

Forum Debrecen

The development of Debrecen
Debrecen
is mainly financed by agricultural, health care and educational business. The city is the main center of shopping in the east of Hungary. Forum Debrecen
Debrecen
is the largest shopping mall in the region. Debrecen
Debrecen
is one of the most developed cities in Hungary, regional center of international companies, like National Instruments, IT Services Hungary, BT and health product manufactures (Teva Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd. and Gedeon Richter Plc.). Location[edit] Debrecen
Debrecen
is located on the Great Hungarian Plain, 220 km (137 mi) east of Budapest. Situated nearby is the Hortobágy National Park. Transport[edit] The city used to be somewhat isolated from Budapest, Hungary's main transport hub. However, the completion of the motorway M35 means Budapest
Budapest
can now be reached in under two hours. Debrecen
Debrecen
Airport (the second largest in Hungary) has recently undergone modernisation in order to be able to handle more international flights, although almost all flights to and from Hungary
Hungary
still use Budapest's Ferihegy Airport (now called Budapest
Budapest
Ferenc Liszt International Airport). Cities that can be reached from the Debrecen
Debrecen
Airport include Brussels, Eindhoven, London, Malmö, Milan, Tel Aviv, Moscow
Moscow
and Paris. There have also been improvements to some parts of the railway between the capital and Debrecen
Debrecen
as part of Hungary's mainly EU-funded National Development Plan for 2004 to 2006.[citation needed] There are many railway stations in Debrecen, the most significant is the main station of Debrecen, in addition other smaller stations exist, these include Debrecen-Csapókert, Debrecen-Kondoros, Debrecen-Szabadságtelep and Tócóvölgy.[5] Debrecen's proximity to Ukraine, Slovakia
Slovakia
and Romania
Romania
enables it to develop as an important trade centre and transport hub for the wider international region. Local transport in the city consists of buses, trolleybuses, and trams. It is provided by the DKV (Debreceni Közlekedési Vállalat, or Transport Company of Debrecen). Nearby towns and villages are linked to the city by Hajdú Volán bus services. History[edit] See also: Timeline of Debrecen

Piac Street in 1910s

Downtown

Stephen Bocskay
Stephen Bocskay
was a Hungarian noble from Transylvania.

The settlement was established after the Hungarian conquest.[2] Debrecen
Debrecen
became more important after some of the small villages of the area (Boldogasszonyfalva, Szentlászlófalva) deserted due to the Mongol invasion of Europe. It experienced rapid development after the middle of the 13th century.[2] In 1361, Louis I of Hungary
Hungary
granted the citizens of Debrecen
Debrecen
the right to choose the town's judge and council. This provided some opportunities for self-government for the town. By the early 16th century, Debrecen
Debrecen
was an important market town.[2] King Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor, as part of a treaty with Serbian ruler Stefan Lazarević, gave him the opportunity to rule Debrecen
Debrecen
in September 1411. A year after Lazarević's death in 1426, his role was taken over by his successor, Đurađ Branković.[citation needed] Between 1450 and 1507, it was a domain of the Hunyadi family.[2] During the Ottoman period, being close to the border and having no castle or city walls, Debrecen
Debrecen
often found itself in difficult situations and the town was saved only by the diplomatic skills of its leaders. Sometimes the town was protected by the Ottoman Empire, sometimes by the Catholic European rulers or by Francis II Rákóczi, prince of Transylvania. Debrecen
Debrecen
later embraced the Protestant Reformation quite early, earning the monikers "the Calvinist
Calvinist
Rome" and "the Geneva
Geneva
of Hungary". At this period the inhabitants of the town were mainly Hungarian Calvinists. Debrecen
Debrecen
came under Turkish control as a sanjak between 1558 and 1693 and orderly bounded to the eyalets of Budin (1541–1596), Eğri (1596–1660) and Varat (1660–1693) as "Debreçin". In 1693, Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor
Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor
elevated Debrecen
Debrecen
to free royal town status. In 1715, the Roman Catholic Church
Roman Catholic Church
returned to Debrecen, and the town gave them a place to build a church, so the Piarist monks could build the St. Ann's Cathedral. By this time the town was an important cultural, commercial and agricultural centre, and many future scholars and poets attended its Protestant College (a predecessor of today's University of Debrecen
University of Debrecen
and also of Debrecen Reformed Theological University). In 1849, Debrecen
Debrecen
was the capital of Hungary
Hungary
for a short time when the Hungarian revolutionary government fled there from Pest-Buda (modern-day Budapest).[2] In April 1849, the dethronization of Habsburgs (neglected after the fall of the revolution) and the independence of Hungary
Hungary
was proclaimed here by Lajos Kossuth
Lajos Kossuth
at the Great (Calvinist) Church (Nagytemplom in Hungarian.) The last battle of the war of independence was also close to Debrecen. The Russians, allied to Habsburgs, defeated the Hungarian army close to the western part of the town.

The famous Aranybika (Golden Bull) Hotel, 1954

The Great Church

After the war, Debrecen
Debrecen
slowly began to prosper again. In 1857, the railway line between Budapest
Budapest
and Debrecen
Debrecen
was completed, and Debrecen soon became a railway junction. New schools, hospitals, churches, factories, and mills were built, banks and insurance companies settled in the city. The appearance of the city began to improve too: with new, taller buildings, parks and beautiful villas it no longer resembled a provincial town and began to look like a modern city. In 1884, Debrecen
Debrecen
became the first Hungarian city to have a steam tramway. After World War I, Hungary
Hungary
lost a considerable portion of its eastern territory to Romania, and Debrecen
Debrecen
once again became situated close to the border of the country. It was occupied by the Romanian army for a short time in 1919. Tourism provided a way for the city to begin to prosper again. Many buildings (among them an indoor swimming pool and Hungary's first stadium) were built in the central park, the Nagyerdő ("Big Forest"), providing recreational facilities. The building of the university was completed. Hortobágy, a large pasture owned by the city, became a tourist attraction.

Déri Museum

During World War II, Debrecen
Debrecen
was almost completely destroyed, 70% of the buildings suffered damage, 50% of them were completely destroyed. A major battle involving combined arms, including several hundred tanks (Battle of Debrecen), occurred near the city in October 1944. Debrecen
Debrecen
was captured by Soviet troops of the 2nd Ukrainian Front on 20 October. After 1944, the reconstruction began and Debrecen
Debrecen
became the capital of Hungary
Hungary
for a short time once again.[2] The citizens began to rebuild their city, trying to restore its pre-war status, but the new, Communist government of Hungary
Hungary
had other plans. The institutions and estates of the city were taken into public ownership, private property was taken away. This forced change of the old system brought new losses to Debrecen; half of its area was annexed to nearby towns, and the city also lost its rights over Hortobágy. In 1952, two new villages – Ebes
Ebes
and Nagyhegyes
Nagyhegyes
– were formed from former parts of Debrecen, while in 1981, the nearby village Józsa was annexed to the city. Demographics[edit]

Historical population

Year Pop. ±%

1870 45,132 —    

1880 50,320 +11.5%

1890 56,246 +11.8%

1900 73,878 +31.3%

1910 90,764 +22.9%

1920 101,543 +11.9%

1930 116,013 +14.3%

1941 124,148 +7.0%

1949 115,399 −7.0%

1960 134,930 +16.9%

1970 167,860 +24.4%

1980 198,195 +18.1%

1990 212,235 +7.1%

2001 211,034 −0.6%

2011 211,320 +0.1%

2017 201,981 −4.4%

2021! 212,000 +5.0%

2031! 215,000 +1.4%

Census data for the present territory of Debrecen.[6]

Languages[edit] According to the 2011 census, the total population of Debrecen
Debrecen
were 211,320, of whom 209,782 people (99.3%) speak Hungarian, 49,909 (23.6%) English, 22,454 (10.6%) German, and 5,416 (2.6%) speak Russian.[6] Ethnic groups[edit] According to the 2011 census, there were 177,435 (84.0%) Hungarians, 1,305 (0.6%) Romani, 554 (0.3%) Germans
Germans
and 504 (0.2%) Romanians
Romanians
in Debrecen. 31,931 people (15.1% of the total population) did not declare their ethnicity. Excluding these people Hungarians
Hungarians
made up 98.9% of the total population. In Hungary
Hungary
people can declare more than one ethnicity, so the sum of ethnicities is higher than the total population.[6][7]

Largest groups of foreign residents

Nationality Population (2011)

 Germany 1,303

 Romania 739

 Russia 305

 Ukraine 262

 Bulgaria 166

 Slovakia 126

 Armenia 98

 China 98

Religion[edit] According to the 2011 census, there were 52,459 (24.8%) Hungarian Reformed (Calvinist), 23,413 (11.1%) Roman Catholic, 10,762 (5.1%) Greek Catholic, 899 (0.4%) Baptist, 885 (0.4%) Jehovah's Witnesses, and 812 (0.4%) Lutheran
Lutheran
in Debrecen. 54,909 people (26.0%) were irreligious, 3,877 (1.8%) atheist, while 59,955 people (28.4%) did not declare their religion.[6] Reformed Church in Debrecen[edit] From the 16th century, the Reformation took roots in the city, first Lutheranism, later Calvin's teachings become predominant. From 1551, the Calvinist
Calvinist
government of the city banned the moving of Catholics in Debrecen. Catholic churches were taken over by the Reformed church. In 1552, the Catholic faith vanished in the city, until 1715 when they regained a church. Several Reformed church leaders like Peter Melius Juhasz who translated the Genevan Psalms lived and worked here. In 1567, a synod was formed in the city when the Second Helvetic Confession was adopted. Famous Reformed Colleges and schools were formed. Nickname of Debrecen
Debrecen
commonly used in Hungary
Hungary
is the Calvinist Rome
Rome
because of the great percentage of the Reformed faith in the city as well as the Reformed church has significant influence in the city and the region. Debrecen
Debrecen
is the home of the Reformed Theological University of Debrecen. (Debreceni Református Hittudományi Egyetem).[8] The Reformed Theological University was founded in 1538. This was the only Reformed Theological Institute that was allowed to function in Hungary
Hungary
during communist rule.[9][10][11] The Hungarian Reformed
Hungarian Reformed
Church has about 20 congregations in Debrecen, including the famous Reformed Great Church of Debrecen, which can easily accommodate about 5000 people (with 3000 seats).[12] Jewish community[edit]

The main synagogue in the center of the city

Jews were first allowed to settle in Debrecen
Debrecen
in 1814, with an initial population count of 118 men within 4 years. Twenty years later, they were allowed to purchase land and homes. By 1919, they consisted 10% of the population (with over 10,000 community members listed) and owned almost half of the large properties in and around the town.[13] The Hungarian antisemitic laws of 1938 caused many businesses to close, and in 1939 many Jews were enslaved and sent to the Ukraine, where many died in minefields.[13] In 1940, the Germans
Germans
estimated that 12,000 Jews were left in the town. In 1941, Jews of Galician and Polish origin were expelled, reducing the number of Jews to 9142. In 1942, more Jews were drafted into the Hungarian forced labor groups and sent to the Ukraine. German forces entered the city on 20 March 1944, (Two and a half weeks before Passover) ordering a Judenrat (Jewish Council) headed by Rabbi Pal (Meir) Weisz, and a Jewish police squad was formed, headed by former army captain Bela Lusztbaum. On 30 March 1944, (a week before Passover) the Jews were ordered to wear the Yellow star of David. Jewish cars were confiscated and phone lines cut. During the Passover week, many Jewish dignitaries were taken to a nearby prison camp, eventually reaching the number of 300 prisoners. A week later all Jewish stores were closed, and a public book-burning of Jewish books was presided by the antisemitic newspaper editor Mihaly Kalosvari Borska.[citation needed] An order to erect a ghetto was issued on 28 April 1944, in the name of the town mayor Sandor Kolscey, who opposed the act, and was ousted by the Germans. Jews were forced to build the Ghetto walls, finishing it within less than a month on 15 May 1944. On 7 June 1944, all movement in or out of the Ghetto was prohibited and a week later all Debrecen
Debrecen
Jews were deported to the nearby Serly brickyards, and stripped of their belongings, joining Jews from other areas.[14] Ten families of prominent Jews, including those of Rabbi Weisz and orthodox chief Rabbi Strasser, along with the heads of the Zionist (non orthodox) movement joined the Kasztner train. (According to some sources, the Strasshoff camps were filled with Jews for negotiations in case the Germans
Germans
could receive something for releasing these Jews, among them 6841 from Debrecen.) 298 of these Debrecen
Debrecen
Jews were shot by the SS in Bavaria, after being told they would reach Theresienstadt. Some young Debrecen
Debrecen
Jews escaped the town, led by the high school principal Adoniyahu Billitzer and reached Budapest, joining resistance movements and partisans.[14] Most of the remaining Debrecen
Debrecen
Jews were deported to Auschwitz, reaching there on 3 July 1944. Debrecen
Debrecen
was occupied by the Soviet Army on 20 October 1944. Some 4,000 Jews of Debrecen
Debrecen
and its surroundings survived the war, creating a community of 4,640 in 1946 - the largest in the region. About 400 of those moved to Israel, and many others moved to the west by 1970, with 1,200 Jews left in the town, using two synagogues, one of them established prior to World War I.[15] Culture[edit]

The main building of the University of Debrecen.

Chiefly thanks to the reformation and the prestigious Calvinist College, founded in 1538, Debrecen
Debrecen
has been the intellectual and cultural centre of the surrounding area since the 16th century. [16] Over the centuries, the College was transformed into a University and its intellectual life developed a sphere of influence between Eger
Eger
and Oradea
Oradea
(Hu: Nagyvárad, now in Romania). In 1949–1950, several departments of the University were shut down, due to Communist takeover, with many students and teachers being expelled. The University of Debrecen, as it is now called is still widely recognized work of architecture (mostly thanks to its main building). The University is the largest University in Hungary
Hungary
has more than 100 departments and is a major research facility in Europe.[17] The University is well known for the cactus research laboratory in the botanic gardens behind the main building. In the second half of the 19th century, the Debrecen
Debrecen
press attracted several notable figures to the city. Endre Ady, Gyula Krúdy, and Árpád Tóth all began their journalistic careers in Debrecen. Prominent literary figures from the city have included Magda Szabó, and Gábor Oláh (hu). One of Hungary's best known poets, Mihály Csokonai Vitéz, was born and lived in the city. The city's theatre, built in 1865, was named in his honour in 1916, but can trace its roots back to the National Theatre Company founded in Debrecen
Debrecen
in 1789, which at first gave performances in the carthouse of an inn. Celebrated actress Lujza Blaha is among those to have performed there.[18] Debrecen
Debrecen
has a flourishing music scene[citation needed] and is home to Tankcsapda, one of Hungary's most popular and successful rock bands. There is also a rock school in the city offer training and mentoring to young musicians. Classic media in the city include the newspaper Napló, two TV channels, a range of local radio stations and several companies and associations producing media material.

The Debrecen
Debrecen
Flower Festival (2006)

Debrecen
Debrecen
is the site of an important choral competition, the Béla Bartók International Choir Competition, and is a member city of the European Grand Prix for Choral Singing. Every August the city plays host to a flower festival. Sports[edit]

Nagyerdei Stadion

The city's most famous association football club is Debreceni VSC[19] which won the Nemzeti Bajnokság I
Nemzeti Bajnokság I
seven times,[20] the last one in 2014. Debreceni VSC also known at international level since they reached the 2009-10 UEFA Champions League group stage[21] and the 2010-11 UEFA Europa League group stage. The club's newly built stadium was opened in 2014, where the club could celebrate their seventh title by winning the 2014-15 Nemzeti Bajnokság I. The stadium is also the occasional home of the Hungary
Hungary
national football team. The team hosted Denmark in 2014 and Lithuania
Lithuania
in 2015. The city had other association football clubs competing in the Nemzeti Bajnokság I. One of them was Bocskai FC
Bocskai FC
who could also won the Magyar Kupa once in 1930. The other club from the city was Debreceni Dózsa MaDISz TE who competed in the 1945-46 Nemzeti Bajnokság I. The city has hosted several international sporting events in recent years, such as the second World Youth Championships in Athletics in July 2001 and the first IAAF World Road Running Championships in October 2006. The 2007 European SC Swimming Championships and World Artistic Gymnastics Championships of 2002 also took place in Debrecen. Most recently, the city hosted the 19th FAI World Hot Air Balloon Championship[22] in October 2010. In 2012, Debrecen
Debrecen
hosted the 31st LEN European Swimming Championships. Association football[edit]

Debreceni VSC (competing in the 2015-16 Nemzeti Bajnokság I) Bocskai FC
Bocskai FC
(defunct) Debreceni Dózsa MaDISz TE
Debreceni Dózsa MaDISz TE
(defunct)

Main sights[edit]

City Downtown Reformed Great Church (Nagytemplom) City Park (Nagyerdő) and spa Déri Museum (art collection including paintings of Mihály Munkácsy; also has a collection of Ancient Egyptian artifacts) Flower Carnival of Debrecen[23] held on 20 August every year „Hortobágy” mill Nagyerdei Stadion
Nagyerdei Stadion
(the home football stadium of the association football club Debreceni VSC) Ravatalozó (cemetery) Csokonai theatre

Malom Hotel (former „Hortobágy” mill)

Ravatalozó in Art Nouveau architectural style

Heritage building in (Nagyerdő)

Déri Museum

Csokonai theatre

Politics[edit] The current mayor of Debrecen
Debrecen
is Dr. László Papp (Fidesz-KDNP). The local Municipal Assembly has 34+1 members divided into this political parties and alliances:[24]

    Party Seats 2014 Council

  Fidesz-KDNP 24                                                

  Movement for a Better Hungary
Hungary
(Jobbik) 4                                                

  Democratic Coalition (DK) 2                                                

  Civil Forum 1                                                

  Together (Együtt) 1                                                

  Politics Can Be Different
Politics Can Be Different
(LMP) 1                                                

  Hungarian Socialist Party
Hungarian Socialist Party
(MSZP) 1                                                

Famous people[edit] See also: Category:People from Debrecen Born in Debrecen[edit]

Mihály Csokonai Vitéz

Imre Lakatos

Emma Adler
Emma Adler
(1858–1935), writer Ferenc Barnás (born 1959), novelist Zsolt Baumgartner
Zsolt Baumgartner
(born 1981), first Hungarian Formula One driver Mihály Csokonai Vitéz (1773–1805), poet Sari Dienes (1898–1992), artist Mihály Fazekas
Mihály Fazekas
(1766–1828), writer Mihály Flaskay (born 1982), breaststroke swimmer Nóra Görbe, (born 1956), actress, singer and pop icon Meshulam Gross (1863–1947), Hungarian-American entrepreneur Dr. George Karpati (1934–2009), physician, neurologist, surgeon, teacher, author Rivka Keren
Rivka Keren
(born 1946), Israeli writer Miklós Kocsár (born 1933), composer Cathy Heaven (Evelin Magdolna Garamvolgyi) (1980–), actress Orsi Kocsis
Orsi Kocsis
(born 1984), fashion, glamour and art nude model Imre Lakatos
Imre Lakatos
(1922–1974), philosopher of mathematics and of science Paul László
Paul László
(1900–1993), architect Gábor Máthé (born 1985), tennis Deaflympics champion Magda Szabó
Magda Szabó
(1917–2007), writer József Váradi (born 1965), CEO of Wizz Air Chaim Michael Dov Weissmandl
Chaim Michael Dov Weissmandl
(1903–1957), rabbi and Holocaust activist

Lived in Debrecen[edit]

Endre Ady
Endre Ady
(1877–1919), poet Julia Bathory (1901–2000), glass artist Rudolf Charousek
Rudolf Charousek
(1873–1812? 1873 until grade 4), World Champion chess master Géza Hofi
Géza Hofi
(1936–2002), stand-up comedian Andrew Karpati Kennedy, author and literary critic Sándor Petőfi
Sándor Petőfi
(1823–1849), poet Alfréd Rényi (1921–1970), mathematician Éva Risztov
Éva Risztov
(born 1985), Olympic champion swimmer Sándor Szalay (physicist) (1909–1987), physicist, founder of ATOMKI Árpád Tóth (1886–1928), poet

Twin towns - sister cities[edit]

A signpost with distances to Debrecen's twin towns

See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Hungary Debrecen
Debrecen
is twinned with:

Cattolica, Italy Jyväskylä, Finland Klaipėda, Lithuania Lublin, Poland[25] New Brunswick, New Jersey, United States Oradea, Romania Paderborn, Germany Toluca, Mexico

Patras, Greece[26] Rishon LeZion, Israel Setúbal, Portugal Saint Petersburg, Russia Shumen, Bulgaria Syktyvkar, Russia[27] Taitung City, Taiwan

See also[edit] Debrecen
Debrecen
cuisine[edit]

Debrecener
Debrecener
– a pork sausage

References[edit]

^ Dezső Danyi-Zoltán Dávid: Az első magyarországi népszámlálás (1784-1787)/The first census in Hungary
Hungary
(1784-1787), Hungarian Central Statistical Office, Budapest, 1960 ^ a b c d e f g h Antal Papp: Magyarország (Hungary), Panoráma, Budapest, 1982, ISBN 963 243 241 X, p. 860, pp. 463-477 ^ "History of Debrecen
Debrecen
(Hungarian)". Retrieved 8 January 2018.  ^ "Climate data for Debrecen
Debrecen
1901-2000". Hungarian Meteorological Service. Retrieved 7 February 2015.  ^ "MÁV-START :: ELVIRA - belföldi vasúti utastájékoztatás". Elvira.mav-start.hu. Retrieved 25 December 2012.  ^ a b c d Hungarian census 2011 Területi adatok - Hajdú-Bihar
Hajdú-Bihar
megye / 3.1.4.2 A népesség nyelvismeret, korcsoport és nemek szerint (population by spoken language), 3.1.6.1 A népesség a nmezetiségi hovatartozást befolyásoló tényezők szerint (population by ethnicity), 3.1.7.1 A népesség vallás, felekezet és fontosabb demográfiai ismérvek szerint (population by religion), 4.1.1.1 A népesség számának alakulása, terület, népsűrűség (population change 1870-2011, territory and population density) (Hungarian) ^ "Hungarian census 2011 - final data and methodology" (PDF). Retrieved 8 January 2018.  ^ "Debreceni Református Hittudományi Egyetem".  ^ "Egyetemünk - Debreceni Református Hittudományi Egyetem".  ^ "A kerület története - Egyházkerület - Tiszántúli Református Egyházkerület".  ^ "Reformatus.hu - History of the RCH".  ^ "Debreceni Református Egyházmegye -".  ^ a b Debrecen
Debrecen
Kehilla book, pp. 12-14 ^ a b The Encyclopedia of Jewish Life Before and During the Holocaust On the Hajdúböszörmény
Hajdúböszörmény
jail camp ^ Eugene KATZ. "Shtetlinks on Debrecen". Shtetlinks.jewishgen.org. Retrieved 25 December 2012.  ^ " University of Debrecen
University of Debrecen
Medical School". eu-medstudy.com. Retrieved 28 February 2018.  ^ "History of the University Debreceni Egyetem". Unideb.hu. 1 January 2000. Retrieved 25 December 2012.  ^ "Csokonai Nemzeti Színház".  ^ "Debreceni VSC". UEFA. 15 July 2014.  ^ "Hungarian League winners". The Rec Sport Soccer Statistics Foundation. 15 July 2014.  ^ "UEFA Champions League 2009-10: Clubs". UEFA. 15 July 2014.  ^ 2010worldballoons.com Archived 15 August 2010 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "debreceniviragkarneval.hu". debreceniviragkarneval.hu. Archived from the original on 27 May 2013. Retrieved 25 December 2012.  ^ "Debrecen.hu". Portal.debrecen.hu. Retrieved 3 April 2017.  ^ "Miasta Partnerskie Lublina" [ Lublin
Lublin
- Partnership Cities]. lublin.eu (in Polish). Archived from the original on 16 January 2013. Retrieved 7 August 2013.  ^ "Διεθνείς Σχέσεις". e-patras.gr. Archived from the original on 30 July 2012. Retrieved 25 December 2012.  ^ "Syktyvkar :: Regions & Cities :: Russia-InfoCentre". Russia-ic.com. 12 December 2010. Retrieved 25 December 2012. 

Bibliography[edit]

See also: Bibliography of the history of Debrecen

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Debrecen.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Debrecen.

Official website in Hungarian and English Debrecen
Debrecen
Travel Guide Debrecen
Debrecen
at funiq.hu

v t e

Towns and villages of Debrecen
Debrecen
District

City with county rights (1)

Debrecen
Debrecen
(district seat)

Town
Town
(1)

Hajdúsámson

v t e

Hajdú-Bihar
Hajdú-Bihar
County

City with county rights

Debrecen
Debrecen
(county seat)

Towns

Balmazújváros Berettyóújfalu Biharkeresztes Derecske Hajdúböszörmény Hajdúdorog Hajdúnánás Hajdúhadház Hajdúsámson Hajdúszoboszló Kaba Komádi Létavértes Nádudvar Nyíradony Polgár Püspökladány Téglás Tiszacsege Vámospércs

Large villages

Bagamér Csökmő Egyek Földes Hosszúpályi Nagyrábé Nyírábrány Pocsaj Sárrétudvari Zsáka

Villages

Álmosd Ártánd Bakonszeg Báránd Bedő Berekböszörmény Bihardancsháza Biharnagybajom Bihartorda Bocskaikert Bojt Darvas Ebes Esztár Folyás Fülöp Furta Gáborján Görbeháza Hajdúbagos Hajdúszovát Hencida Hortobágy Kismarja Kokad Konyár Körösszakál Körösszegapáti Magyarhomorog Mezőpeterd Mezősas Mikepércs Monostorpályi Nagyhegyes Nagykereki Nyíracsád Nyírmártonfalva Sáp Sáránd Szentpéterszeg Szerep Tépe Tetétlen Tiszagyulaháza Told Újiráz Újléta Újszentmargita Újtikos Váncsod Vekerd

Other topics

History Geography Government Economy Culture Tourism

v t e

Largest cities in Hungary

1,000,000+

Budapest

200,000+

Debrecen

100,000+

Szeged Miskolc Pécs Győr Nyíregyháza Kecskemét

50,000+

Székesfehérvár Szombathely Szolnok Tatabánya Érd Kaposvár Sopron Veszprém Békéscsaba Eger Zalaegerszeg

v t e

Cities with county rights of Hungary
Hungary
(alphabetical order)

Békéscsaba
Békéscsaba
(Békés) Budapest
Budapest
(Pest) Debrecen
Debrecen
(Hajdú-Bihar) Dunaújváros
Dunaújváros
(Fejér) Eger
Eger
(Heves) Érd
Érd
(Pest) Győr
Győr
(Győr-Moson-Sopron) Hódmezővásárhely
Hódmezővásárhely
(Csongrád) Kaposvár
Kaposvár
(Somogy) Kecskemét
Kecskemét
(Bács-Kiskun) Miskolc
Miskolc
(Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén) Nagykanizsa
Nagykanizsa
(Zala) Nyíregyháza
Nyíregyháza
(Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg) Pécs
Pécs
(Baranya) Salgótarján
Salgótarján
(Nógrád) Sopron
Sopron
(Győr-Moson-Sopron) Szeged
Szeged
(Csongrád) Szekszárd
Szekszárd
(Tolna) Székesfehérvár
Székesfehérvár
(Fejér) Szolnok
Szolnok
(Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok) Szombathely
Szombathely
(Vas) Tatabánya
Tatabánya
(Komárom-Esztergom) Veszprém
Veszprém
(Veszprém) Zalaegerszeg
Zalaegerszeg
(Zala)

Budapest
Budapest
(national capital)

v t e

Historical capitals of Hungary

Capitals of the Kingdom of Hungary

Esztergom Székesfehérvár Buda Temesvár Visegrád Buda Bécs Buda Pozsony Buda Debrecen Buda Budapest

Capitals of the Eastern Hungarian Kingdom

Buda Lippa Gyulafehérvár

Capitals of the Principality of Transylvania

Gyulafehérvár Nagyszeben Kolozsvár

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 150087804 GND: 4090940-2 BNF: cb119629780 (d

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