HOME
The Info List - David Yates





David Yates
David Yates
(born (1963-10-08)8 October 1963) is an English filmmaker who has directed feature films, short films, and television productions. Yates rose to mainstream prominence by directing the final four films in the Harry Potter
Harry Potter
series.[2][3] His work on the series brought him major commercial success along with accolades, such as the British Academy Britannia Award for Excellence in Directing.[3] Yates's following projects include, but are not limited to, The Legend of Tarzan (2016) and the Fantastic Beasts
Fantastic Beasts
series. Early in his career, Yates directed various short films and became a prolific television director. His credits include the six-part political thriller State of Play (2003), for which he won the Directors Guild of Great Britain Award for Outstanding Directorial Achievement; the adult two-part documentary drama Sex Traffic
Sex Traffic
(2004); and the Emmy Award-winning TV film The Girl in the Café (2005).[2][4][5] Yates is a founding member of Directors UK.[6] He has had a close partnership with Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
as a director and producer.[7]

Contents

1 Early life 2 Career

2.1 Television
Television
and film career (1988–2005) 2.2 Harry Potter
Harry Potter
film series (2006–2011) 2.3 Subsequent work (2012–present)

3 Personal life 4 Directorial style 5 Filmography 6 Accolades 7 Reception 8 Notes 9 References 10 External links

Early life[edit] David Yates
David Yates
was born in 1963 in Lancashire, England.[n 1] His parents died when he was young.[8] Raised in the village of Rainhill, Yates was inspired to pursue a career in filmmaking after watching Steven Spielberg's 1975 movie Jaws.[1] Before her death, Yates's mother bought him a Super 8mm camera. He used this to shoot various films in which his friends and family featured.[9] One such film, The Ghost Ship, was shot on board the vessel where his uncle worked as a cook.[10] He attended St Helens College where he completed the courses of sociology, politics, and literature before moving on to the University of Essex.[11][12][13] Yates said that he "used to skive off college all the time" and never expected to join university before being surprised by his A-Level exam results. While at the University of Essex, Yates formed the Film and Video Production Society.[14] He graduated with a BA Government in 1987.[15] Career[edit] Television
Television
and film career (1988–2005)[edit]

The National Film and Television
Television
School, where Yates trained as a director and received the Honorary Fellowship for Outstanding Contribution to the British Film and Television
Television
Industry in 2010, joining the likes of Richard Attenborough, Alan Parker, Nick Park
Nick Park
and David Lean.[16]

In 1988, Yates made his first film When I Was a Girl in Swindon. The film entered the festival circuit where it was named Best Short Film at the San Francisco International Film Festival, in addition to obtaining other awards. It contributed towards Yates's acceptance into the National Film and Television
Television
School in 1989 and led to the BBC hiring him to direct Oranges and Lemons, a short drama film in 1991. Before completing film school, he began to direct, produce and write the screenplay to the dramatic short The Weaver's Wife. He also made his fourth short film Good Looks, which was presented at the Chicago International Film Festival. After graduating in 1992, Yates directed an episode of the film studies programme Moving Pictures.[9][11][17][18][19][20] From 1994 to 1995, Yates directed several episodes of the ITV police procedural The Bill
The Bill
before directing and producing three episodes of the television documentary Tale of Three Seaside Towns alongside producer Alistair Clarke. The programme followed media personalities Russell Grant, Honor Blackman
Honor Blackman
and Pam Ayres visiting and exploring the South Coast towns of Brighton, Eastbourne
Eastbourne
and Weymouth.[21][22] Yates directed his fifth short film Punch before making his feature film debut in 1998 with the release of the independent historical-drama film The Tichborne Claimant. The film, which was shown at the Edinburgh International Film Festival, was written by Joe Fisher and based on the true events of the Tichborne Case. It starred Stephen Fry and Robert Hardy
Robert Hardy
and was shot on location in Merseyside
Merseyside
and on the Isle of Man.[23][24][25] Yates returned to television in 2000 to direct the episodes of Greed, Envy and Lust for the BBC
BBC
miniseries The Sins, starring Pete Postlethwaite, as well as The Way We Live Now, the acclaimed four-part television adaptation of the novel of the same name by Anthony Trollope. Among the actors which Yates directed were David Suchet, Cillian Murphy
Cillian Murphy
and Miranda Otto
Miranda Otto
in their roles as Augustus Melmotte, Paul Montague and Mrs. Hurtle respectively. Yates shared the British Academy Television
Television
Award for Best Drama Serial with screenwriter Andrew Davies and producer Nigel Stafford-Clark at the 2002 BAFTA Awards.[26] One year later, Yates attended the 56th BAFTA Awards with a British Academy Film Award nomination for Best Short Film for the fourteen-minute production, Rank, which expressed the social elements of racism, friendship and adolescence through the story of a street gang that cross Glasgow
Glasgow
to witness the arrival of a group of Somali refugees.[27][28] Yates said that even though The Way We Live Now
The Way We Live Now
was "a very big production" and "enormous fun to do", Rank was an opportunity to "shake all that off" and "get back to [his] roots." Of the casting, Yates said that he "wanted to use non-actors to tell the story, to create a reality ... the kids we cast in Glasgow
Glasgow
had never done a film before."[9] The film was noted for its gritty style and cinematography, with a review from Eye For Film stating that "such intelligent use of camera and cast lifts Yates out of the pool of promising young directors into the front line of genuine hopefuls. This work demands respect."[17][29] The 2003 six-part thriller State of Play was Yates's next achievement.[4] He directed a mix of acclaimed actors such as David Morrissey, John Simm
John Simm
and James McAvoy
James McAvoy
in the main roles of the BBC serial, created by Paul Abbott. It was a major turning point for Yates's career; he collected the TV Spielfilm Award at the Cologne Conference in Germany and won the Directors Guild of Great Britain Award for Outstanding Directorial Achievement.[2][30] The serial was recognised by various award ceremonies, notably receiving the Peabody Award for Broadcasting Excellence and being presented with two British Academy Television
Television
Craft Awards.[31] The quality of the serial sparked Hollywood
Hollywood
film bosses to consider adapting it into a film, with producer Andrew Hauptman declaring that "it's a blistering political thriller and we want to make an equally blistering movie."[32] State of Play is regarded by critics from The Guardian
The Guardian
and The Times
The Times
as one of the best British television dramas of the 2000s.[33][34][35] Yates then moved on to helm more high-profile projects such as the television adaptation of nine-year-old Daisy Ashford's novel The Young Visiters, starring Jim Broadbent
Jim Broadbent
alongside Hugh Laurie. Broadbent gained an acting nomination at the BAFTA Awards under Yates's direction, which was a different approach in comparison to his immediate previous work. According to a review by Variety magazine for BBC
BBC
America, Yates and his team yielded "a warm and surprisingly unsentimental production that has 'evergreen' written all over it".[36] The Young Visiters
The Young Visiters
tells the story of Alfred (Broadbent) who seeks the help of an aristocrat (Laurie) in order to win the favour of an upper class lady. In 2004, Yates's two-part drama Sex Traffic
Sex Traffic
was broadcast on Channel 4. It won eight BAFTA Awards including Best Editing for Mark Day, who regularly worked with Yates on many of his television projects and short films. Day commented on his collaboration with Yates saying that "we are very good friends because we have spent so much time together." He also said, "David shoots in a similar style from piece to piece, although this wasn’t quite as frantic as State of Play."[37] Yates was nominated for another Directors Guild of Great Britain Award for his direction of Sex Traffic
Sex Traffic
and won his second BAFTA for Best Drama Serial at the British Academy Television Awards.[38] Being a British-Canadian production, Sex Traffic
Sex Traffic
gained four wins at Canada's annual television award ceremony, the Gemini Awards, including Best Dramatic Mini-Series. Spanning across two parts, the three-hour-long drama reveals how the trafficking of young women into slavery is a big business which operates throughout Europe; both parts were acclaimed for their "shocking" portrayal of such a sensitive topic.[39][40][41] Also in 2004, Yates was involved in plans for a film adaptation of Evelyn Waugh's novel Brideshead Revisited
Brideshead Revisited
for Warner Independent Pictures. He was set to work with Paul Bettany, Jude Law
Jude Law
and Jennifer Connelly on the project, but pulled out in the later stages due to constant budget issues affecting the film's production.[42][43] Yates then directed Richard Curtis' script to The Girl in the Café, a television film starring Bill Nighy
Bill Nighy
and Kelly Macdonald. In June 2005, the film was aired on the BBC
BBC
in Britain and was also broadcast in the United States on the premium cable television network Home Box Office. The Girl in the Café
The Girl in the Café
achieved three wins at the Emmy Awards, most notably the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Made for Television Movie, and gained a total of four nominations including Outstanding Directing for Yates. The film coincided with the BBC's Africa Lives season of programming and with the global Make Poverty History campaign. The message of the film is conveyed through the character-driven story of Lawrence (Nighy) and Gina (Macdonald) dealing with their feelings for one another while challenging political concerns at the G8 Summit in Reykjavík.[11][44][45] Harry Potter
Harry Potter
film series (2006–2011)[edit]

David Yates
David Yates
outside Grauman's Chinese Theatre
Grauman's Chinese Theatre
during the premiere of Harry Potter
Harry Potter
and the Order of the Phoenix on 8 July 2007 in Hollywood, Los Angeles, California.

During the period of working on plans for Brideshead Revisited, Yates was told by his agent that he had made the director shortlist for the fifth film in the Harry Potter
Harry Potter
film series, which is based on the book series by J. K. Rowling. He was then confirmed to direct Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix by Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
Pictures, with production scheduled to begin in early 2006.[43][46] When asked how Yates got the job, producer David Heyman
David Heyman
("a big fan" of Yates's television work)[47] said that "actors in David's television projects give their best performance, often of their career. It's important to keep pushing the actors, particularly the young ones on each Potter film. This is a political film, not with a capital P, but it's about teen rebellion and the abuse of power. David has made films in the U.K. about politics without being heavy handed."[48] Before production began, Yates invited Harry Potter
Harry Potter
and the Goblet of Fire director Mike Newell to a pub and "picked his brains about what it was going to be like to step into someone's shoes on a movie of this scale."[2] The first scene that Yates shot featured a giant interacting with human characters. The scene was the very first high-scale visual effects piece Yates filmed in his career.[2][49] After the film's post-production material was well received by the studio, Yates was chosen to direct the sixth film, Harry Potter
Harry Potter
and the Half-Blood Prince, which according to Yates was going to be "a cross between the chills of Prisoner of Azkaban [the third film in the series] and the fantastical adventure of Goblet of Fire".[5][42] In 2007, Order of the Phoenix opened to positive reviews and achieved commercial success. Yates won the title of Best Director at the Empire Awards and collected the People's Choice Award from the European Film Academy.[50] However, the film was criticised by fans of the series for having the shortest running time out of the five released instalments; Yates said that the original director's cut was "probably over three hours", resulting in much footage being cut, condensed and edited to fit within the studio's preferred time frame.[51][52] During production of Half-Blood Prince, Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
executive Alan F. Horn announced that the seventh and final novel in the series, Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, was to be split into two cinematic parts with Yates, once again, as the director.[53] Yates spoke of the decision to appoint him as the director of the final films, remarking that "they wanted to do a Harry Potter
Harry Potter
that felt ... more grown up. What's smart about the studio and the producers is they have always wanted to push it a bit. Chris Columbus did a wonderful job of casting and making this world incredibly popular. But rather than do more of the same, they said, 'Let's bring in Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
and let him run with it. Then later, let's bring in David Yates, who's done all this hard-hitting stuff on TV.' It's a testament to their ambition to try to keep the franchise fresh. The bizarre thing is, I did one [film] and they asked me to stay for three more, so obviously they liked something."[2] Half-Blood Prince was released in 2009 and became the only film in the series to gain an Academy Award nomination for Best Cinematography.[54][55] Yates worked alongside French cinematographer Bruno Delbonnel
Bruno Delbonnel
on, what Yates called, extensively colour grading the "incredibly rich" picture by making it look "very European" and drawing influences from the Dutch painter Rembrandt.[56][57][58] The film garnered a mix of accolades and was acclaimed for its stylised character-driven approach, but some fans complained about the script's deviation from the novel and the film's slight romantic comedy nature.[59] In response to this criticism, renowned BAFTA member and film critic Mark Kermode
Mark Kermode
praised Yates's directing and ranked the film "second best" in the series, behind Prisoner of Azkaban.[60] Yates began to film Deathly Hallows – Part 1 and Deathly Hallows – Part 2 back-to-back in early 2009 and finished reshoots in late 2010.[61] He stated that he had shot the two parts of the final adaptation differently, with Part 1 being a "road movie" and "quite real", "almost like a vérité documentary", while Part 2 is "more operatic, colourful and fantasy-oriented", a "big opera with huge battles."[62][63][64] Yates reshot the final scene of the Harry Potter series at Leavesden Studios after the original version, filmed at London King's Cross railway station, did not meet his expectations. In the film, the scene takes place at the magical Platform 9¾.[65] Part 1 was released worldwide in November 2010 to commercial success along with generally positive reviews, some of which reflected on Yates's directing style. The Dallas Morning News
The Dallas Morning News
affirmed that "David Yates' fluid, fast-paced direction sends up the crackling tension of a thriller" and The New York Times
The New York Times
analysed Yates's approach to J. K. Rowling's character development by saying that he has "demonstrated a thorough, uncondescending sympathy for her characters, in particular the central trio of Ron Weasley, Hermione Granger
Hermione Granger
and Harry Potter himself."[66][67] The film was praised for its "dark" atmosphere and its loyalty to the source material, but it was criticised for its slow middle act, the handling of exposition, and the somewhat disjointed pacing.[68][69] Part 2 was screened in July 2011 and became an instant record-breaking success with critical acclaim.[70][71] The Daily Telegraph
The Daily Telegraph
described Part 2 as "monumental cinema awash with gorgeous tones" and Total Film wrote that Yates combines "spectacle and emotion into a thrilling final chapter."[72][73] Author J. K. Rowling
J. K. Rowling
remarked that "everyone who watches Deathly Hallows – Part 2 is going to see that he's steered us home magnificently. It's incredible."[74][75] Part 2 is the only Harry Potter
Harry Potter
film to pass the $1 billion mark during its original theatrical run; it became the highest-grossing film in the series and the highest-grossing film of 2011, making Yates the director of the highest-grossing non- James Cameron
James Cameron
film of all time in August 2011.[76][77] Amongst other accolades, Yates won his second Empire Award for Best Director and joined the principal creative team of Harry Potter
Harry Potter
in receiving the 2012 ADG Award for Outstanding Contribution to Cinematic Imagery for their work on Deathly Hallows – Part 2 and the series in general.[78] Yates attended the 64th British Academy Film Awards
64th British Academy Film Awards
in February 2011, where he was joined by J. K. Rowling, David Heyman, Mike Newell, Alfonso Cuarón, David Barron, Rupert Grint, and Emma Watson
Emma Watson
in collecting the Michael Balcon Award for Outstanding British Contribution to Cinema on behalf of the Harry Potter
Harry Potter
films. Daniel Radcliffe, who played the films' titular character, commented on working with Yates, saying that he "added his own sense of grit and realism [to the series] that perhaps wasn’t there so much before. I think we all had a fantastic time working with David. I know we did."[1][79] Subsequent work (2012–present)[edit] By 2012, Yates was working on a few Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
projects, including a Tarzan feature film and an Al Capone
Al Capone
biopic called Cicero.[80][81] He also controversially said that he was working with BBC
BBC
Worldwide on plans to develop a Doctor Who
Doctor Who
film,[82] although this was denied by the showrunner, Steven Moffat, in July 2012.[83] Because of production delays, Yates began to explore other projects including television work.[84]

David Yates
David Yates
speaking at San Diego Comic-Con International, 2016.

In 2013, he returned to television by signing on to direct the television pilot of Tyrant, an American drama production set against the US–Middle East conflict.[85] The following year, Yates began shooting The Legend of Tarzan, starring Alexander Skarsgård, Margot Robbie, Christoph Waltz, and Samuel L. Jackson. The film, released in 2016, opened to mixed reviews and a worldwide total of $356.7 million.[86] In 2014, Yates was confirmed to direct at least the first film in a series of five instalments based on J. K. Rowling's Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them, a book which is set in the world of Harry Potter. The first three films were given release dates in 2016, 2018, and 2020.[87] David Heyman
David Heyman
and Harry Potter
Harry Potter
screenwriter Steve Kloves joined Yates and J. K. Rowling
J. K. Rowling
in developing the screenplay.[88] Fantastic Beasts
Fantastic Beasts
and Where to Find Them, released in November 2016, received generally positive reviews and stars Eddie Redmayne, Katherine Waterston, Alison Sudol, Dan Fogler, Colin Farrell, and Johnny Depp. In an interview with The Hollywood
Hollywood
Reporter, Yates said he was open to directing all the films in the Fantastic Beasts
Fantastic Beasts
series.[89] Personal life[edit] Yates grew up with his younger brother, Andrew, and elder sister, Beverley, in North West England.[8] Yates's partner is Yvonne Walcott, who is the aunt of Everton football player Theo Walcott.[90] Directorial style[edit] Emma Watson
Emma Watson
said that Yates liked to push his cast and crew to physical and emotional extremes, with Gary Oldman
Gary Oldman
confirming Yates's preference for working slowly by shooting numerous takes to get the best performances from his cast.[91][92] Yates has been influenced by such directors as Steven Spielberg, David Lean, and Ken Loach.[9] Yates's style of work includes social and political themes, character-driven narratives, realism, and atmospheric drama.[93][94][95]

People who work in television often don’t think they can trust filmmakers because they are supposed to be a bit more arty and self indulgent, and people in film might think anyone who works in television is a hack. The fact is that we don’t need this divide, it does our collective industry no favours whatsoever, and if we had more filmmakers working in television, and more television writers and directors working in film, we’d have a much healthier and more vital industry. At the end of the day, whatever medium you work in, it is about storytelling and holding your audience. There are big differences of course, between film and television. In my television work I’ve had to move a lot faster than in the film work I’ve done, which is no bad thing. But the attention to craft, to acting, to telling the story as vitally and as interestingly and surprisingly as possible, is the same. —  David Yates
David Yates
on working in the television and film industries, Film London (2007)[9]

I like to create an atmosphere where actors feel safe enough to take risks. I certainly don't believe in being a macho bully; I'm not interested in frightening good work out of people. It's bollocks. In an ideal world, I'd bounce between big projects and no-budget TV dramas with fantastic scripts. A lot of Hollywood
Hollywood
films tend to be bloated, bombastic, loud. At the same time, I do like the infrastructure of making a blockbuster; it's like having a big train set. —  David Yates
David Yates
on directing actors and Hollywood
Hollywood
productions, The Observer (2007)[47]

I am very strategic about getting coverage (the amount of shots it takes to tell the story within a scene). Some directors believe in shooting everything from every conceivable angle, and then working the material in the cutting room. I believe where you put the camera for a scene, how you move the camera, what lens you use, and what is or isn't in the frame with the actor, defines the story in that moment. Therefore for me, there is only one optimum place to ever put the camera if you are to achieve maximum impact for the story. —  David Yates
David Yates
on the staging and mise-en-scene of scene construction

Filmography[edit]

David Yates
David Yates
with his wife, Yvonne Walcott, at the premiere of Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows – Part 1 in New York City on 15 November 2010.

Year Title Functioned as

Director Writer Producer Notes

1988 When I Was a Girl Yes Yes Yes Short film

1991 The Weaver's Wife Yes Yes Yes Short film

1991 Oranges and Lemons Yes No No Short film

1992 Good Looks Yes No No Short film

1994 Moving Pictures Yes No No 1 episode

1994-95 The Bill Yes No No 5 episodes

1995 Tale of Three Seaside Towns Yes No Yes 3 episodes

1996 Punch Yes No No Short film

1998 The Tichborne Claimant Yes No No Independent film

2000 The Sins Yes No No 3 episodes

2001 The Way We Live Now Yes No No 4 part television serial

2002 Rank Yes No No Short film

2003 State of Play Yes No No 6 part television serial

2003 The Young Visiters Yes No No Television
Television
film

2004 Sex Traffic Yes No No Television
Television
film

2005 The Girl in the Café Yes No No Television
Television
film

2007 Harry Potter
Harry Potter
and the Order of the Phoenix Yes No No Theatrical film

2009 Harry Potter
Harry Potter
and the Half-Blood Prince Yes No No Theatrical film

2010 Harry Potter
Harry Potter
and the Deathly Hallows – Part 1 Yes No No Theatrical film

2011 Harry Potter
Harry Potter
and the Deathly Hallows – Part 2 Yes No No Theatrical film

2014 Tyrant Yes No Yes Pilot

2016 The Legend of Tarzan Yes No Yes Theatrical film

2016 Fantastic Beasts
Fantastic Beasts
and Where to Find Them Yes No No Theatrical film

2018 Fantastic Beasts: The Crimes of Grindelwald Yes No No Theatrical film, post-production

Accolades[edit]

Year Award Category Title Result

1991 Cork International Film Festival Best European Short When I Was a Girl Won

San Francisco International Film Festival: Golden Gate Award Best Short Film When I Was a Girl Won

Belfort Film Festival Best Film When I Was a Girl Won

1992 Chicago International Film Festival: Silver Hugo – Good Looks Won

1998 Emden Film Festival Award – The Tichborne Claimant Nominated

2002 BAFTA: British Academy Television
Television
Award Best Drama Serial The Way We Live Now Won

2003 BAFTA: British Academy Film Award Best Short Film Rank Nominated

Directors Guild of Great Britain Outstanding Directorial Achievement in a TV Movie/Serial State of Play Won

2004 BAFTA: British Academy Television
Television
Award Best Drama Serial State of Play Nominated

Cologne Conference: TV Spielfilm Award Best Fiction Programme State of Play Won

Directors Guild of Great Britain Outstanding Directorial Achievement in a TV Movie/Mini-Series Sex Traffic Nominated

2005 BAFTA: British Academy Television
Television
Award Best Drama Serial Sex Traffic Won

Prix Italia Best TV Movie or Mini-Series Sex Traffic Won

2006 Primetime Emmy Award Outstanding Directing for a Mini-Series, Movie or Dramatic Special The Girl in the Café Nominated

2008 Empire Award Best Director Harry Potter
Harry Potter
and the Order of the Phoenix Won

Saturn Award Best Director Harry Potter
Harry Potter
and the Order of the Phoenix Nominated

2010 NFTS Honorary Fellowship Outstanding Contribution to the British Film and Television
Television
Industry – Won

2011 BAFTA: Britannia Award (Los Angeles) John Schlesinger Britannia Award for Excellence in Directing Harry Potter Order of the Phoenix, Half-Blood Prince, Deathly Hallows Won

Saturn Award Best Director Harry Potter
Harry Potter
and the Deathly Hallows – Part 1 Nominated

Scream Award Best Director Harry Potter
Harry Potter
and the Deathly Hallows – Part 2 Nominated

2012 Saturn Award Best Director Harry Potter
Harry Potter
and the Deathly Hallows – Part 2 Nominated

SFX Award Best Director Harry Potter
Harry Potter
and the Deathly Hallows – Part 2 Nominated

Empire Award Best Director Harry Potter
Harry Potter
and the Deathly Hallows – Part 2 Won

University of Essex Honorary Degree – Won

2016 BAFTA: British Academy Film Award Outstanding British Film Fantastic Beasts
Fantastic Beasts
and Where to Find Them Nominated

[n 2] Reception[edit] Critical, public and commercial reception to films Yates has directed as of January 21, 2018.

Film Rotten Tomatoes[96] Metacritic[97] CinemaScore[98] Budget Box office[99]

Harry Potter
Harry Potter
and the Order of the Phoenix 78% (245 reviews) (6.9/10) 71 (37 reviews) A- $150 million $939.9 million

Harry Potter
Harry Potter
and the Half-Blood Prince 84% (269 reviews) (7.1/10) 78 (36 reviews) A- $250 million $934.4 million

Harry Potter
Harry Potter
and the Deathly Hallows – Part 1 78% (265 reviews) (7.2/10) 65 (42 reviews) A $250 million $960.3 million

Harry Potter
Harry Potter
and the Deathly Hallows – Part 2 96% (315 reviews) (8.3/10) 87 (41 reviews) A $1.342 billion

The Legend of Tarzan 36% (223 reviews) (5.1/10) 44 (41 reviews) A- $180 million $356.7 million

Fantastic Beasts
Fantastic Beasts
and Where to Find Them 74% (286 reviews) (6.8/10) 66 (50 reviews) A $180 million $814 million

Notes[edit]

^ David Yates
David Yates
was born in Lancashire, 1963, and was raised in the village of Rainhill. This was before the creation of the Metropolitan Borough of St Helens, Merseyside
St Helens, Merseyside
in April 1974, in which Rainhill
Rainhill
is now included. ^ Only certain awards for Yates's direction are shown in the Accolades section. More accolades for his work can be seen here. A complete list of awards for a project may be found on its article page.

References[edit]

^ a b c "St Helens-born David Yates
David Yates
enjoys Harry Potter
Harry Potter
BAFTA honour". St Helens Star. 13 February 2011. Retrieved 11 March 2011.  ^ a b c d e f Andrew Pulver. "The Wizard Behind the Camera". DGA Quarterly, Directors Guild of America. Retrieved 4 March 2011.  ^ a b "BAFTA Honors John Lasseter
John Lasseter
and David Yates
David Yates
11/30". Broadway World (Los Angeles). 28 June 2011. Retrieved 28 June 2011. The worldwide success of Mr. Lasseter for Walt Disney and Pixar Animation Studios and Mr. Yates's contribution to the final four parts of the ‘Harry Potter' franchise makes them global wizards in their own right, and are delighted to honor these remarkable filmmakers with this year's Britannia Award.  ^ a b " David Yates
David Yates
Does It All". MovieMaker. 9 July 2009. Archived from the original on 29 December 2010. Retrieved 4 March 2011.  ^ a b "Ten Harry Potter
Harry Potter
and the Half-Blood Prince facts". Virgin Media. Retrieved 19 April 2011. Director David Yates, one of British TV's most respected director (thanks to the drama series State Of Play)...  ^ "Inside Story: In the right direction – the cream of Britain's television directing talent". The Independent. London. 16 June 2008. Retrieved 3 August 2011.  ^ " David Yates
David Yates
inks first-look deal with Warner Bros". Variety.com. 27 April 2012. Retrieved 28 April 2012.  ^ a b "Exclusive: Director David Yates
David Yates
Talks HARRY POTTER AND THE DEATHLY HALLOWS – PART 2, Deleted Scenes, Future Projects, and More". Collider.com. 10 July 2011. Retrieved 11 July 2011.  ^ a b c d e " David Yates
David Yates
on Harry Potter". Film London. 23 December 2007. Retrieved 11 March 2011.  ^ Laura Davis (8 July 2011). "St Helens-born director David Yates
David Yates
on Harry Potter
Harry Potter
and the Deathly Hallows – Part 2". Liverpool Daily Post. Retrieved 9 July 2011.  ^ a b c " David Yates
David Yates
Biography". Yahoo! Movies. Archived from the original on 22 June 2011. Retrieved 4 March 2011.  ^ " Harry Potter
Harry Potter
director celebrates box office smash". St Helens Reporter. 3 August 2009. Retrieved 11 March 2011.  ^ "David Yates" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 August 2011. Retrieved 16 August 2011.  ^ "Directing Harry Potter
Harry Potter
was Magic". Echo News. 26 July 2012. Archived from the original on 27 July 2012. Retrieved 23 September 2012.  ^ " Harry Potter
Harry Potter
director and Arctic explorer honoured at Graduation 2012". University of Essex. 17 July 2012. Archived from the original on 25 January 2013. Retrieved 23 September 2012.  ^ "Honorary Fellows". NFTS. Retrieved 16 October 2012.  ^ a b "Courses ... David Yates". nfts.co.uk. National Film and Television
Television
School. Retrieved 4 March 2011.  ^ "When I Was A Girl (TV)". Screen Rush. Retrieved 14 March 2011.  ^ "Current Composer/Director Partnerships, 2009 Edition". filmscoremonthly.com. Scott Bettencourt, Film Score Monthly. 22 November 2009. Archived from the original on 11 July 2011. Retrieved 14 March 2011. NICHOLAS HOOPER/DAVID YATES "THE WEAVER'S WIFE", "GOOD LOOKS"  ^ "Arts and Culture, Create ... Harry Potter
Harry Potter
Connection". Swindon Borough Council. Archived from the original on 29 June 2011. Retrieved 15 March 2011.  ^ "The Tichborne Claimant". Philip Kemp, Sight and Sound. December 1999. Archived from the original on 29 June 2011. Retrieved 14 March 2011. Yates, making his feature-film debut after directing television documentaries about British seaside towns...  ^ "Cast & Creative ... Honor Blackman". My Fair Lady. Retrieved 14 March 2011. Honor presented a documentary for Workhouse TV/Meridian about Brighton
Brighton
which formed part of A TALE OF THREE SEASIDE TOWNS.  ^ "PUNCH". British Board of Film Classification. 9 February 1996. Retrieved 14 March 2011.  ^ "Movie: The Tichborne Claimant". Movie Station. Retrieved 6 March 2011. Filming Locations: Croxteth Hall, Croxteth, Liverpool, Merseyside, England, UK ... Isle of Man
Isle of Man
... Liverpool, Merseyside, England, UK  ^ "The tichborne claimant". British Board of Film Classification. 23 November 2000. Retrieved 14 March 2011.  ^ "Past Winners and Nominees – Film – Awards – the BAFTA site, Film Nominations 2002". British Academy of Film and Television
Television
Arts. Retrieved 4 March 2011.  ^ "The British Films Catalogue, Rank". Brit Films. Archived from the original on 12 November 2006. Retrieved 4 March 2011.  ^ "Funding Your Short Film". Film4. Archived from the original on 7 November 2010. Retrieved 7 March 2011.  ^ "Rank ... 4.5/5 stars". Angus Wolfe Murray, Eye for Film. Retrieved 1 August 2011.  ^ "TV Spielfilm Award 2004 "State of Play" by David Yates". Cologne Conference. Retrieved 9 March 2011. This year's TV Spielfilm Award goes to David Yates' "State of Play". The Cologne Conference congratulates David Yates.  ^ "State of Play wins craft Baftas". BBC. 17 May 2004. Retrieved 1 August 2011.  ^ " Hollywood
Hollywood
Calls for State of Play". BBC
BBC
News. 7 December 2004. Retrieved 4 March 2011.  ^ "State of Play ( BBC
BBC
Drama series) DVD review". MemorableTV. Archived from the original on 21 February 2011. Retrieved 7 March 2011.  ^ Tim Lusher (12 January 2010). "The Guardian's top 50 television dramas of all time". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 7 March 2011. Our TV critics have voted, debated and decided on a top 50 of classic TV drama series  ^ Hurst, Greg (19 December 2009). "The top 50 TV shows of the Noughties". The Times. UK: Andrew Billen, David Chater, Tim Teeman, Caitlin Moran. Retrieved 7 March 2011. Fists fly as The Times's frontline TV critics argue out the best 50 programmes of the decade  ^ Lowry, Brian (31 October 2004). " The Young Visiters
The Young Visiters
(Movie – BBC America; Wednesday, Nov. 3, 8 p.m.)". Variety. Retrieved 4 March 2011.  ^ "Editor wins his second consecutive BAFTA award over campaigning drama". Get Surrey. 19 May 2005. Retrieved 4 March 2011.  ^ "Awards Database – The BAFTA site". BAFTA (bafta.org). Retrieved 4 March 2011.  ^ "BBFC ... Sex Traffic". British Board of Film Classification. Retrieved 7 March 2011.  ^ Neil Sinyard,. "BFI ScreenOnline: Sex Traffic
Sex Traffic
(2004)". BFI ScreenOnline. Retrieved 7 March 2011.  ^ "About Sex Traffic". IFC Films. Archived from the original on 7 July 2011. Retrieved 4 August 2011.  ^ a b "Exclusive Interview: David Yates
David Yates
for " Harry Potter
Harry Potter
and the Half-Blood Prince"". Paul Fischer, Dark Horizons. 13 July 2009. Retrieved 4 March 2011. He had been developing a version of Evelyn Waugh's novel, Brideshead Revisited
Brideshead Revisited
in 2004 for the studio's art house division, Warner Independent Pictures, with husband-and-wife actors Paul Bettany
Paul Bettany
and Jennifer Connolly negotiating to play the leads, but after finally landing the highly coveted "Potter" job and with budget issues stalling "Brideshead," Yates transitioned into his new assignment.  ^ a b Harvey, Dennis (18 July 2008). "Variety Reviews: Brideshead Revisited". Variety. Retrieved 4 March 2011. Reportedly, Paul Bettany, Jude Law
Jude Law
and Jennifer Connelly
Jennifer Connelly
were attached until helmer David Yates was poached for last year's " Harry Potter
Harry Potter
and the Order of the Phoenix." One can say, in this case, that settling for the B team turned out well.  ^ " David Yates
David Yates
– Awards & Nominations (Emmy Award)". MSN Movies. Retrieved 4 March 2011.  ^ "Emmy Awards for 2006". IMDb. 19 August 2006. Retrieved 4 March 2011.  ^ " David Yates
David Yates
confirms 'Order of the Phoenix' role". HPANA (source: This is Wiltshire). 29 November 2004. Retrieved 4 March 2011.  ^ a b Amy Raphael (24 June 2007). "How I raised Potter's bar". The Observer. London. Retrieved 4 March 2011. Without wishing to sound rude, how did he get the job? 'You're not the first to ask,' he laughs...  ^ D'Alessandro, Anthony (9 July 2007). "WB Wild For Harry Potter". Variety. Retrieved 15 June 2011.  ^ Alex Billington (9 December 2010). "Exclusive Interview: 'Harry Potter' Producer David Heyman". FirstShowing.net. Retrieved 4 March 2011.  ^ "European Film Awards, 2008". European Film Academy. 6 December 2008. Retrieved 4 March 2011.  ^ Sue Upton (27 October 2006). "OotP Director David Yates: "I've Shot a Movie That's Probably Over Three Hours"". Empire Magazine. The Leaky Cauldron. Retrieved 4 March 2011.  ^ Peter Sciretta, (13 April 2007). " Harry Potter
Harry Potter
and The Order of Phoenix Shortened to Avoid Grindhouse Failure?". SlashFilm. Retrieved 4 March 2011.  ^ Geoff Boucher (13 March 2008). "Final 'Harry Potter' book will be split into two movies". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 4 March 2011.  ^ "Tomatometer Watch: How Good is Harry Potter
Harry Potter
and the Half-Blood Prince?". Jen Yamato, Rotten Tomatoes. 10 July 2009. Retrieved 6 March 2011.  ^ Russ Fischer (2 February 2010). "82nd Annual Academy Award Nominations Announced". Slash Film. Retrieved 6 March 2011.  ^ " Harry Potter
Harry Potter
and the Half-Blood Prince ... We go on set for the latest Potter picture". Total Film. 1 April 2009. Retrieved 7 March 2011.  ^ " Harry Potter
Harry Potter
& The Half-Blood Prince – David Yates interview". IndieLondon. Retrieved 6 March 2011.  ^ Orlando Parfitt (5 October 2010). "Harry Potter: The Journey Ends Here". IGN Movies. Archived from the original on 13 July 2011. Retrieved 7 March 2011.  ^ Joe Utichi (15 July 2009). "RT Interview: David Yates
David Yates
on Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 6 March 2011. Includes fan comments  ^ " Harry Potter
Harry Potter
and the Half-Blood Prince reviewed by Mark Kermode". BBC
BBC
Radio 5 Live. 16 November 2010. Retrieved 6 March 2011. This is the second best Harry Potter
Harry Potter
film.  ^ "Deathly Hallows epilogue scenes to be reshot over Christmas". Filmonic. 13 November 2010. Retrieved 4 August 2011.  ^ " Harry Potter
Harry Potter
& the last goodbye". Bob Thompson, Postmedia News. 18 November 2010. Retrieved 6 March 2011. [permanent dead link] ^ "If The Two Harry Potter
Harry Potter
and the Deathly Hallows Films Were A Person This Would Be The Perineum". Rob Hunter, Film School Rejects. 13 August 2010. Archived from the original on 23 June 2011. Retrieved 4 March 2011.  ^ "David Yates: "Deathly Hallows" a "big opera, a great big epic, with huge battles"". Edward, The Leaky Cauldron (source: Total Film Magazine). 24 January 2010. Retrieved 4 March 2011.  ^ "Harry Potter's 'Deathly Hallows' Epilogue Reshoot Complete; Adds 'Severus' Child-Actor". Ben Kendrick at Screenrant. December 2010. Retrieved 9 September 2011.  ^ "David Yates' Harry Potter
Harry Potter
breaks Box Office records". Casarotto (source: BBC
BBC
News). 23 November 2010. Retrieved 4 March 2011.  ^ A. O. Scott (18 November 2010). "Time for Young Wizards to Put Away Childish Things". The New York Times. Retrieved 4 March 2011.  ^ " Harry Potter
Harry Potter
and the Deathly Hallows Part 1". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 4 March 2011.  ^ Natalie Davies (20 November 2010). "What they're saying about the new Harry Potter
Harry Potter
film". The First Post. Retrieved 4 March 2011.  ^ " Harry Potter
Harry Potter
and the Deathly Hallows: Part II (2011)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 7 July 2011.  ^ " Harry Potter
Harry Potter
and the Deathly Hallows: Part 2". Metacritic. Retrieved 15 July 2011.  ^ Philip Womack (6 July 2011). " Harry Potter
Harry Potter
and the Deathly Hallows, Part 2, review". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 6 July 2011.  ^ " Harry Potter
Harry Potter
and the Deathly Hallows: Part 2". Total Film. 7 July 2011. Retrieved 7 July 2011.  ^ " Harry Potter
Harry Potter
and the Deathly Hallows: Part 2 – reviewed". Yahoo! Movies. 8 July 2011. Archived from the original on 11 July 2011. Retrieved 9 July 2011.  ^ "Wild About Harry". BBC. 15 July 2011. Retrieved 16 July 2011.  ^ "" Harry Potter
Harry Potter
and the Deathly Hallows – Part 2" Crosses $1 Billion Threshold". Business Wire. 31 July 2011. Retrieved 31 July 2011.  ^ "' Harry Potter
Harry Potter
and the Deathly Hallows Part 2' Becomes No. 3 Film of All Time at Box Office". Pamela McClintock, The Hollywood
Hollywood
Reporter. 8 August 2011. Retrieved 15 August 2011.  ^ McNary, Dave (1 November 2011). "ADG to fete 'Harry Potter' creative team". Variety. Retrieved 14 December 2011.  ^ " Daniel Radcliffe
Daniel Radcliffe
interview". IndieLondon. Retrieved 9 March 2011.  ^ "Tom Hardy attached to play Al Capone
Al Capone
in a David Yates' Cicero". Total Film. Retrieved 19 July 2011.  ^ Claude Brodesser-Akner. " David Yates
David Yates
Committing to Tarzan at Warner Bros. -- Vulture". Vulture.  ^ " David Yates
David Yates
to Direct DOCTOR WHO Movie". 14 November 2011. Retrieved 15 November 2011.  ^ "'Doctor Who' film rumors 'a weird fantasy'". Entertainment Weekly's EW.com.  ^ Mike Fleming Jr. "'Tarzan' Dying On The Vine At Warner Bros? - Deadline". Deadline.  ^ Rose, Lacey (12 June 2013). "Harry Potter's' David Yates
David Yates
to Direct FX Drama Pilot 'Tyrant". The Hollywood
Hollywood
Reporter.  ^ "The Legend of Tarzan (2016)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved November 29, 2016.  ^ "WB names David Yates
David Yates
'Fantastic Beasts' director". Hypable.  ^ "X-Men's Jane Goldman Joining Fables Film Writing Team, Updates on Rowling's Fantastic Beasts". The Mary Sue. 20 January 2015. Retrieved 20 January 2015.  ^ " David Yates
David Yates
Says He's Directing All Five 'Fantastic Beasts' Films". The Hollywood
Hollywood
Reporter. Retrieved 2016-11-12.  ^ "Theo Walcott's girlfriend Mel Slade to star in next Harry Potter film". The Daily Mirror. UK. 1 March 2009. Retrieved 4 March 2011. Her cameo appearance came about through Theo's aunt Yvonne, whose partner, David Yates, is the director of the movie.  ^ " Emma Watson
Emma Watson
'cried at director Yates'". Digital Spy. 15 November 2010. Retrieved 15 August 2011.  ^ "Gary Oldman: I'm not sad about the end of Harry Potter". Metro. 8 June 2011. Retrieved 15 August 2011.  ^ "Brush up on Harry Potter
Harry Potter
at Hopkins and Lakefront Film Festivals". Baltimore Sun. 10 June 2011. Retrieved 14 June 2011.  ^ "Harry Potter's New Director David Yates". Emanuel Levy (cinema 24/7). Retrieved 21 June 2011.  ^ "David Yates, the director who puts an end to saga of 'Harry Potter'". RTV.es. 10 July 2009. Retrieved 21 June 2011. His work is defined by the use of political and social elements ... expertise to address specific issues such as corruption...  ^ "David Yates". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 17 May 2015.  ^ "David Yates". Metacritic. Retrieved 17 May 2015.  ^ "CinemaScore". cinemascore.com. Retrieved 17 May 2015.  ^ " David Yates
David Yates
Movie Box office". boxofficemojo.com. Amazon.com. Retrieved 17 May 2015. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to David Yates.

David Yates
David Yates
on IMDb David Yates: Casarotto Ramsay & Associates Ltd. David Yates: British Academy of Film and Television
Television
Arts David Yates: Directors Guild of America

Preceded by Mike Newell Harry Potter
Harry Potter
film director 2007–2011 Succeeded by End of Series

Preceded by Alan Parker NFTS Honorary Fellowship 2010 Succeeded by Jonathan Ross

v t e

Films by David Yates

Feature films

The Tichborne Claimant (1998) Harry Potter
Harry Potter
and the Order of the Phoenix (2007) Harry Potter
Harry Potter
and the Half-Blood Prince (2009) Harry Potter
Harry Potter
and the Deathly Hallows – Part 1 (2010) Harry Potter
Harry Potter
and the Deathly Hallows – Part 2 (2011) The Legend of Tarzan (2016) Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them
Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them
(2016) Fantastic Beasts: The Crimes of Grindelwald (2018)

Television
Television
productions

The Way We Live Now
The Way We Live Now
(2001) State of Play (2003) Sex Traffic
Sex Traffic
(2004) The Girl in the Café
The Girl in the Café
(2005)

Short films

Rank (2002)

Awards for David Yates

v t e

Empire Award for Best Director

Danny Boyle
Danny Boyle
(1996) Terry Gilliam
Terry Gilliam
(1997) Cameron Crowe
Cameron Crowe
(1998) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1999) M. Night Shyamalan
M. Night Shyamalan
(2000) Bryan Singer
Bryan Singer
(2001) Baz Luhrmann
Baz Luhrmann
(2002) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(2003) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
(2004) Sam Raimi
Sam Raimi
(2005) Nick Park
Nick Park
and Steve Box (2006) Christopher Nolan
Christopher Nolan
(2007) David Yates
David Yates
(2008) Christopher Nolan
Christopher Nolan
(2009) James Cameron
James Cameron
(2010) Edgar Wright
Edgar Wright
(2011) David Yates
David Yates
(2012) Sam Mendes
Sam Mendes
(2013) Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
(2014) Christopher Nolan
Christopher Nolan
(2015) J. J. Abrams
J. J. Abrams
(2016) Gareth Edwards (2017) Rian Johnson
Rian Johnson
(2018)

v t e

Britannia Awards

Excellence in Film

Albert R. Broccoli
Albert R. Broccoli
(1989) Michael Caine
Michael Caine
(1990) Peter Ustinov
Peter Ustinov
(1992) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(1993) Anthony Hopkins
Anthony Hopkins
(1995) Bob Weinstein and Harvey Weinstein
Harvey Weinstein
(1996) Dustin Hoffman
Dustin Hoffman
(1997) John Travolta
John Travolta
(1998) Stanley Kubrick
Stanley Kubrick
(1999) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(2000) George Lucas
George Lucas
(2002) Hugh Grant
Hugh Grant
(2003) Tom Hanks
Tom Hanks
(2004) Tom Cruise
Tom Cruise
(2005) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(2006) Denzel Washington
Denzel Washington
(2007) Sean Penn
Sean Penn
(2008) Robert De Niro
Robert De Niro
(2009) Jeff Bridges
Jeff Bridges
(2010) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(2011) Daniel Day-Lewis
Daniel Day-Lewis
(2012) George Clooney
George Clooney
(2013) Robert Downey Jr.
Robert Downey Jr.
(2014) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(2015) Jodie Foster
Jodie Foster
(2016) Matt Damon
Matt Damon
(2017)

Excellence in Directing

Peter Weir
Peter Weir
(2003) Jim Sheridan (2004) Mike Newell (2005) Anthony Minghella
Anthony Minghella
(2006) Martin Campbell
Martin Campbell
(2007) Stephen Frears
Stephen Frears
(2008) Danny Boyle
Danny Boyle
(2009) Christopher Nolan
Christopher Nolan
(2010) David Yates
David Yates
(2011) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
(2012) Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
(2013) Mike Leigh
Mike Leigh
(2014) Sam Mendes
Sam Mendes
(2015) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2016) Ava DuVernay
Ava DuVernay
(2017)

Worldwide Contribution to Entertainment

Howard Stringer
Howard Stringer
(2003) Kirk Douglas
Kirk Douglas
(2009) Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
& Tony Scott
Tony Scott
(2010) John Lasseter
John Lasseter
(2011) Will Wright (2012) Ben Kingsley
Ben Kingsley
(2013) Judi Dench
Judi Dench
(2014) Harrison Ford
Harrison Ford
(2015) Samuel L. Jackson
Samuel L. Jackson
(2016) Kenneth Branagh
Kenneth Branagh
(2017)

British Artist of the Year

Rachel Weisz
Rachel Weisz
(2006) Kate Winslet
Kate Winslet
(2007) Tilda Swinton
Tilda Swinton
(2008) Emily Blunt
Emily Blunt
(2009) Michael Sheen
Michael Sheen
(2010) Helena Bonham Carter
Helena Bonham Carter
(2011) Daniel Craig
Daniel Craig
(2012) Benedict Cumberbatch
Benedict Cumberbatch
(2013) Emma Watson
Emma Watson
(2014) James Corden
James Corden
(2015) Felicity Jones
Felicity Jones
(2016) Claire Foy (2017)

Excellence in Comedy

Betty White
Betty White
(2010) Ben Stiller
Ben Stiller
(2011) Trey Parker
Trey Parker
and Matt Stone
Matt Stone
(2012) Sacha Baron Cohen
Sacha Baron Cohen
(2013) Julia Louis-Dreyfus
Julia Louis-Dreyfus
(2014) Amy Schumer
Amy Schumer
(2015) Ricky Gervais
Ricky Gervais
(2016) Aziz Ansari
Aziz Ansari
(2017)

Excellence in Television

Aaron Spelling
Aaron Spelling
(1999) HBO
HBO
Original Programming (2002) Dick Van Dyke
Dick Van Dyke
(2017)

Humanitarian Award

Richard Curtis
Richard Curtis
(2007) Don Cheadle
Don Cheadle
(2008) Colin Firth
Colin Firth
(2009) Idris Elba
Idris Elba
(2013) Mark Ruffalo
Mark Ruffalo
(2014) Orlando Bloom
Orlando Bloom
(2015) Ewan McGregor
Ewan McGregor
(2016)

Retired Awards

BBC
BBC
(1999) Tarsem Singh
Tarsem Singh
(1999) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
(2003) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(2004) Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
(2005) Ronald Neame
Ronald Neame
(2005) Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
(2006) Bob Shaye and Michael Lynne (2007)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 107492257 LCCN: no2006100914 ISNI: 0000 0000 8172 537X GND: 133913007 SUDOC: 13624162X BNF: cb15076044c (data) BIBS

.