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James Danforth "Dan" Quayle (born February 4, 1947) is an American politician and lawyer who served as the 44th Vice President of the United States
United States
from 1989 to 1993. He was also a U.S. Representative from 1977 to 1981 and U.S. Senator from 1981 to 1989, representing the state of Indiana. A native of Indianapolis, Indiana, Quayle spent most of his childhood living in Paradise Valley, Arizona, a suburb of Phoenix. He married Marilyn Tucker
Marilyn Tucker
in 1972 and obtained his J.D. from the Indiana University Robert H. McKinney School of Law in 1974. He practiced law in Huntington, Indiana, with his wife before his election to the United States House of Representatives
United States House of Representatives
in 1976, aged 29. In 1980 Quayle won election to the Senate. In 1988, Vice President George H. W. Bush
George H. W. Bush
was the Republican Party nominee for the presidency, and he chose Quayle as his running mate. The Bush/Quayle ticket won the 1988 election over the Democratic ticket of Michael Dukakis
Michael Dukakis
and Lloyd Bentsen. As vice president, Quayle made official visits to 47 countries[2] and was appointed chairman of the National Space Council. He secured re-nomination for vice-president in 1992, but Democrat Bill Clinton and his vice presidential running mate, Al Gore, defeated the Bush/Quayle ticket. In 1994, Quayle published his memoir entitled Standing Firm but declined to run for public office in this time period because he was suffering from phlebitis. He sought the Republican presidential nomination in 2000, but withdrew and supported George W. Bush. In 2016, he endorsed Jeb Bush
Jeb Bush
and after that he supported Donald Trump for president. Quayle and his wife reside in Paradise Valley, Arizona. Quayle is currently[update] the chairman of global investments at Cerberus Capital Management.[3]

Contents

1 Early life 2 Early political career 3 Vice presidential candidate 4 Vice presidency (1989–1993)

4.1 Murphy Brown 4.2 "Potatoe" 4.3 1992 election

5 Post-Vice Presidency (1993–present) 6 Personal life 7 Electoral history 8 Published material 9 Footnotes 10 Further reading 11 External links

Early life[edit] Quayle was born in Indianapolis, Indiana, to Martha Corinne (née Pulliam) and James Cline Quayle. He has sometimes[4] been incorrectly referred to as James Danforth Quayle III. In his memoirs, he points out that his birth name was simply James Danforth Quayle. The name Quayle originates from the Isle of Man, where his great-grandfather was born.[5] His maternal grandfather, Eugene C. Pulliam, was a wealthy and influential publishing magnate who founded Central Newspapers, Inc., owner of over a dozen major newspapers such as The Arizona
Arizona
Republic and The Indianapolis
Indianapolis
Star. James C. Quayle moved his family to Arizona in 1955 to run a branch of the family's publishing empire. After spending much of his youth in Arizona,[2] Quayle returned to his native Indiana
Indiana
and graduated from Huntington North High School in Huntington, in 1965. He then matriculated at DePauw University, where he received his B.A. degree in political science in 1969,[6] was a 3-year letterman for the University Golf Team (1967–69) and a member of the fraternity Delta Kappa Epsilon
Delta Kappa Epsilon
(Psi Phi chapter). After receiving his degree, Quayle joined the Indiana
Indiana
Army National Guard and served from 1969–1975, reaching the rank of sergeant. While serving in the Guard, he earned a Juris Doctor
Juris Doctor
(J.D.) degree in 1974 at the Indiana
Indiana
University Robert H. McKinney School of Law. He met his future wife, Marilyn, who was taking night classes at the same law school at the time.[7] Early political career[edit]

Quayle in 1977, his first term in Congress

Quayle became an investigator for the Consumer Protection Division of the Office of the Indiana
Indiana
Attorney General in July 1971. Later that year, he became an administrative assistant to Governor Edgar Whitcomb. From 1973 to 1974, he was the Director of the Inheritance Tax Division of the Indiana
Indiana
Department of Revenue. Upon receiving his law degree, Quayle worked as associate publisher of his family's newspaper, the Huntington Herald-Press.

Quayle and his family with President Ronald Reagan
Ronald Reagan
in 1981

In 1976, Quayle was elected to the House of Representatives from Indiana's 4th congressional district, defeating eight-term incumbent Democrat J. Edward Roush
J. Edward Roush
by a 55%-to-45% margin. He won reelection in 1978 by the greatest percentage margin achieved to date in that northeast Indiana
Indiana
district. In 1980, at age 33, Quayle became the youngest person ever elected to the Senate from the state of Indiana, defeating three-term incumbent Democrat Birch Bayh
Birch Bayh
by taking 54% of the votes to Bayh's 46%. Making Indiana
Indiana
political history again, Quayle was re-elected to the Senate in 1986 with the largest margin ever achieved to that date by a candidate in a statewide Indiana
Indiana
race, taking 61% of the vote and defeating his Democratic opponent, Jill Long. In November 1978, Quayle was invited by Congressman Leo Ryan
Leo Ryan
of California to accompany him on a delegation to investigate unsafe conditions at the Jonestown
Jonestown
settlement in Guyana, but Quayle was unable to participate. The decision likely saved Quayle's life, because Ryan and his entourage were subsequently murdered at the airstrip in Jonestown
Jonestown
as the party tried to escape the massacre.[8] In 1986, Quayle was criticized for championing the cause of Daniel Anthony Manion, a candidate for a federal appellate judgeship, who was in law school one year above Quayle. The American Bar Association
American Bar Association
had evaluated Manion as "qualified/unqualified", its lower passing grade.[9] Manion was nominated for the Seventh Circuit of the U.S. Court of Appeals by President Ronald Reagan
Ronald Reagan
on February 21, 1986, and confirmed by the Senate on June 26, 1986.[10] Vice presidential candidate[edit] On August 16, 1988, at the Republican convention in New Orleans, Louisiana, George H. W. Bush
George H. W. Bush
chose Quayle to be his running mate in the 1988 United States
United States
presidential election. The choice immediately became controversial.[11] Outgoing President Ronald Reagan
Ronald Reagan
praised Quayle for his "energy and enthusiasm".[12] Press coverage of the convention was dominated with questions about "the three Quayle problems", in the phrase of Brent Baker, executive director of the Media Research Center, a conservative group that monitors television coverage.[13] The questions involved his military service, a golf trip to Florida with Paula Parkinson, and whether he had enough experience to be vice president. Quayle seemed at times rattled and at other times uncertain or evasive as he tried to handle the questions.[13] Delegates to the convention generally blamed television and newspapers for the focus on Quayle's problems, but Bush's staff said they thought Quayle had mishandled the questions about his military record, leaving questions dangling.[11][13][14] Although Bush was trailing by up to 15 points in public opinion polls taken before the convention, in August, the Bush/Quayle ticket took the lead,[15] which they did not relinquish for the rest of the campaign. Quayle participated in the vice presidential debate of October 1988, alongside Democratic candidate Lloyd Bentsen. When the subject of the debate turned to Quayle's relatively limited experience in public life, he compared the length of his congressional service (12 years) with that of late President John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
(14 years), as Kennedy had less experience than his rivals during the 1960 presidential nomination. It was a factual comparison, although Quayle's advisers cautioned beforehand that it could be used against him. Bentsen's response – "Senator, you're no Jack Kennedy" – subsequently became a part of the political lexicon. During the debate, Quayle's strategy was to criticize Dukakis as too liberal.[16] Vice presidency (1989–1993)[edit]

George H. W. Bush, Dan Quayle, and Marilyn Quayle
Marilyn Quayle
participate in a Hanukkah Celebration

Vice President Quayle converses with chief petty officers aboard the aircraft carrier USS John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
(CV-67). Quayle is aboard the ship during a three-day visit with military forces deployed to the Middle East in support of Operation Desert Shield.

The Bush/Quayle ticket won the November election with a 53–46 percent margin by sweeping 40 states and capturing 426 electoral votes. Quayle did not cast any tie-breaking votes in his role as President of the Senate, becoming only the second vice-president (after Charles W. Fairbanks) to do so while serving a complete term. Bush named Quayle head of the Council on Competitiveness
Council on Competitiveness
and the first chairman of the National Space Council. As head of the NSC he called for greater efforts to protect Earth against the danger of potential asteroid impacts.[17]

Vice President Quayle and Prince Abdullah of Saudi Arabia stand for the playing of the National Anthem. The dignitaries are meeting to discuss US military intervention in the Persian Gulf during Operation Desert Shield.

After a briefing by Lt. General Daniel O. Graham, (USA Ret.), Max Hunter, and Jerry Pournelle, Quayle sponsored the development of an experimental Single Stage to Orbit X-Program, which resulted in the building of the DC/X which was flown and tested at White Sands.

Vice President Dan Quayle
Dan Quayle
speaking at Race for the Cure on Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington, D.C. in 1990.

Quayle with President George H. W. Bush in 1989

During his vice presidency, Quayle made official trips to 47 countries.[2] Throughout his time as vice president, Quayle was widely ridiculed in the media and by many in the general public, both in the U.S. and overseas, as an intellectual lightweight and generally incompetent.[18] Contributing greatly to the perception of Quayle's incompetence was his tendency to make public statements that were either self-contradictory (" The Holocaust
The Holocaust
was an obscene period in our nation's history. ... No, not our nation's, but in World War II. I mean, we all lived in this century. I didn't live in this century, but in this century's history"), self-contradictory and confused ("I have made good judgments in the past. I have made good judgments in the future") or just confused (such as his address to the United Negro College Fund, whose slogan is "A mind is a terrible thing to waste," where he said "You take the UNCF model that what a waste it is to lose one's mind or not to have a mind is being very wasteful. How true that is.")[19][20] Shortly after Bush announced the Space Exploration Initiative, which included a manned landing on Mars, Quayle was asked his thoughts on sending humans to Mars. In his response, he made a series of scientifically incorrect statements: " Mars
Mars
is essentially in the same orbit [as Earth].... Mars
Mars
is somewhat the same distance from the Sun, which is very important. We have seen pictures where there are canals, we believe, and water. If there is water, that means there is oxygen. If oxygen, that means we can breathe."[21] During the 1992 presidential campaign, Quayle told the news media that he believed homosexuality was a choice, and "the wrong choice."[22] Quayle has since described the vice presidency as "an awkward office. You’re president of the Senate. You’re not even officially part of the executive branch – you’re part of the legislative branch. You’re paid by the Senate, not by the executive branch. And it’s the president’s agenda. It’s not your agenda. You’re going to disagree from time to time, but you salute and carry out the orders the best you can".[23] Murphy Brown[edit] On May 19, 1992, Quayle gave a speech entitled Reflections on Urban America to the Commonwealth Club of California
Commonwealth Club of California
on the subject of the Los Angeles riots. In this speech, Quayle blamed the violence on a decay of moral values and family structure in American society. In an aside, he cited the single mother title character in the television program Murphy Brown
Murphy Brown
as an example of how popular culture contributes to this "poverty of values", saying, "It doesn't help matters when prime time TV has Murphy Brown
Murphy Brown
– a character who supposedly epitomizes today's intelligent, highly paid, professional woman – mocking the importance of fathers, by bearing a child alone, and calling it just another 'lifestyle choice'."[24] The " Murphy Brown
Murphy Brown
speech" became one of the most memorable incidents of the 1992 campaign. Long after the outcry had ended, the comment continued to have an effect on U.S. politics. Stephanie Coontz, a professor of family history and the author of several books and essays about the history of marriage, says that this brief remark by Quayle about Murphy Brown
Murphy Brown
"kicked off more than a decade of outcries against the 'collapse of the family'".[25] In 2002, Candice Bergen, the actress who played Brown, said "I never have really said much about the whole episode, which was endless, but his speech was a perfectly intelligent speech about fathers not being dispensable and nobody agreed with that more than I did." Others interpreted it differently; singer Tanya Tucker
Tanya Tucker
was widely quoted as saying "Who the hell is Dan Quayle to come after single mothers?"[26] "Potatoe"[edit] On June 15, 1992, Quayle altered 12-year-old student William Figueroa's correct spelling of "potato" to "potatoe" at the Muñoz Rivera Elementary School spelling bee in Trenton, New Jersey.[27][28] Quayle was the subject of widespread ridicule for his error. According to The New York Times[29] and Quayle's memoirs, he was relying on cards provided by the school, which Quayle says included the misspelling. Quayle said he was uncomfortable with the version he gave, but did so because he decided to trust the school's incorrect written materials instead of his own judgment. 1992 election[edit] During the 1992 election, Bush and Quayle were challenged in their bid for reelection by the Democratic ticket of Arkansas Governor Bill Clinton and Tennessee
Tennessee
Senator Al Gore, as well as the independent ticket of Texas businessman Ross Perot
Ross Perot
and retired Admiral James Stockdale. As Bush lagged in the polls in the weeks preceding the August 1992 Republican National Convention, some Republican strategists (led by Secretary of State James Baker) viewed Quayle as a liability to the ticket and pushed for his replacement.[30] Quayle ultimately survived the challenge and secured renomination.[31] Quayle faced off against Gore and Stockdale in the vice presidential debate on October 13, 1992. Quayle attempted to avoid the one-sided outcome of his debate with Lloyd Bentsen
Lloyd Bentsen
four years earlier by staying on the offensive. Quayle criticized Gore's book Earth in the Balance with specific page references, though his claims were subsequently criticized by the liberal group FAIR for inaccuracy.[32] Quayle's closing argument sharply asked voters, "Do you really believe Bill Clinton will tell the truth?" and "Do you trust Bill Clinton
Bill Clinton
to be your president?", whereas Gore and Stockdale talked more about the policies and philosophies they espoused.[33] Republican loyalists were largely relieved and pleased with Quayle's performance, and the Vice President's camp attempted to portray it as an upset triumph against a veteran debater. However, post-debate polls were mixed on whether Gore, Stockdale or Quayle had won.[34] It ultimately proved to be a minor factor in the election, which Bush and Quayle subsequently lost. Post-Vice Presidency (1993–present)[edit]

Logo from Quayle's 2000 presidential campaign

Quayle with Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld
Donald Rumsfeld
in 2001

Quayle in December 2011

Quayle considered but decided against running for Governor of Indiana in 1996. He decided against running for the 1996 Republican presidential nomination, citing health problems related to phlebitis.[35] Quayle moved to Arizona
Arizona
in 1996.[36] In April 1999, Quayle announced his candidacy for the 2000 Republican presidential nomination, attacking front-runner George W. Bush
George W. Bush
by saying "we do not want another candidate who needs on-the-job training". In the first contest among the Republican candidates, the Ames Straw Poll
Ames Straw Poll
of August 1999, he finished 8th. He withdrew from the race the following month and supported Bush.[35]

Dan Quayle
Dan Quayle
speaking at a "Politics on the Rocks" event in Scottsdale, Arizona.

Quayle with President George H.W. Bush
George H.W. Bush
in 2017

Quayle, then working as an investment banker in Phoenix, was mentioned as a candidate for Governor of Arizona
Arizona
prior to the 2002 election,[37] but eventually declined to run. In a February 2010 interview with Megyn Kelly
Megyn Kelly
of Fox News, Quayle announced that his son, Ben Quayle, would be a candidate for the U.S. Congress, running for a seat representing Arizona's 3rd congressional district.[38] Ben Quayle
Ben Quayle
won the election. In his first bid for re-election, due to redistricting, he faced off against fellow Republican Congressman David Schweikert
David Schweikert
in a primary and narrowly lost. In December 2011, Quayle endorsed Mitt Romney
Mitt Romney
for the Republican presidential nomination.[39] On January 31, 2011, Quayle wrote a letter to President Obama urging Obama to commute Jonathan Pollard's sentence.[40] He has signed on the statement of principles of the Project for the New American Century.[41] For the United States
United States
presidential election in 2016 Quayle endorsed fellow Republican Jeb Bush.[42] After Bush failed to win the nomination he ultimately endorsed Donald Trump; he was later seen visiting with Trump at Trump Tower
Trump Tower
in Manhattan
Manhattan
prior to the inauguration.[43] The Dan Quayle
Dan Quayle
Center and Museum, located in Huntington, Indiana, features information on Quayle and on all U.S. vice presidents. Personal life[edit]

External video

Booknotes interview with Quayle on Standing Firm, July 24, 1994, C-SPAN

Quayle lives with his wife, Marilyn Quayle
Marilyn Quayle
in Paradise Valley, Arizona. Quayle authored a 1994 memoir, Standing Firm, which became a bestseller. His second book, The American Family: Discovering the Values that Make Us Strong, was published in 1996 and a third book, Worth Fighting For, in 1999. Quayle writes a nationally syndicated newspaper column, serves on a number of corporate boards, chairs several business ventures, and was chairman of Campaign America, a national political action committee. In 1999, Dan Quayle
Dan Quayle
joined Cerberus Capital Management, a multibillion-dollar private-equity firm, where he serves as chairman of the company's Global Investments division.[44] As chairman of the international advisory board of Cerberus Capital Management, he recruited former Canadian prime minister Brian Mulroney, who would have been installed as chairman if Cerberus had successfully acquired Air Canada.[45] In early 2014 he traveled to Belfast, Northern Ireland, in an attempt to speed approval for a deal where Cerberus acquired nearly £1.3 billion in Northern Ireland loans from the Republic of Ireland's National Asset Management Agency. That deal is being investigated by the Irish government, and Quayle's involvement is being investigated by the US Securities and Exchange Commission, the Federal Bureau of Investigation, and the United States
United States
Attorney for the Southern District of New York as potentially a "very serious" misuse of the vice president's office.[46] Quayle is an Honorary Trustee Emeritus of the Hudson Institute
Hudson Institute
and is president of Quayle and Associates. He has also been a member of the Board of Directors of Heckmann Corporation, a water-sector company, since the company's inception and serves as Chairman of the company's Compensation and Nominating & Governance Committees. Quayle is a director of Aozora Bank, Tokyo, Japan.[47] He has also been on the board of directors of other companies, including K2 Sports, Amtran Inc., Central Newspapers Inc.,[48] BTC Inc.[49] and Carvana Co.[50] His son Ben Quayle
Ben Quayle
was elected to the United States
United States
House of Representatives in 2010, but failed to win re-election in 2012. Electoral history[edit] Main article: Electoral history of Dan Quayle Published material[edit]

Standing Firm: A Vice-Presidential Memoir, Harper Collins, May 1994. hardcover, ISBN 0-06-017758-6; mass market paperback, May 1995; ISBN 0-06-109390-4; Limited edition, 1994, ISBN 0-06-017601-6 The American Family: Discovering the Values That Make Us Strong (with Diane Medved), Harpercollins, April 1996, ISBN 0-06-017378-5 (hardcover), ISBN 0-06-092810-7 (paperback) Worth Fighting For, W Publishing Group, July 1999, ISBN 0-8499-1606-2

Footnotes[edit]

^ Lamare, Amy (June 1, 2017). " Dan Quayle
Dan Quayle
Net Worth". Celebrity Net Worth.  ^ a b c Dan Quayle: Biography Retrieved 10 December 2016. ^ "Senior Leadership - Cerberus Capital Management".  ^ Meyer, Richard E. (21 August 1998). "Campaign Becomes Confrontation With Past : Privilege, Wealth Shaped Quayle". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 10 December 2016.  ^ "Ancestry of Dan Quayle
Dan Quayle
(b. 1947)". Wargs.com. Retrieved January 4, 2012.  ^ Lawrence, Jill (August 4, 1999). "Quayle on a quest to get the last laugh". USA Today. Retrieved August 6, 2015.  ^ Alessandra Stanley, "Marilyn Quayle: A New Second Lady", Time Magazine, January 23, 1989. Accessed September 28, 2014. ^ Quayle, Dan (1995). Standing Firm: A Vice-Presidential Memoir. Harpercollins. p. 176. ISBN 0-06-109390-4.  ^ "REAGAN JUDGES GET LOWER BAR RATING". New York Times. May 25, 1986. Retrieved 3 July 2016.  ^ "Senate reaffirms Daniel Manion as judge, 50–49". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. July 24, 1986. Retrieved June 15, 2012.  ^ a b Shapiro, Walter (August 29, 1988). "The Republicans: The Quayle Quagmire". Time. p. 32. Retrieved September 1, 2008.  ^ Roberts, Steven (August 21, 1988). "Reagan Praises Quayle, Citing 'Enthusiasm'". New York Times. Retrieved 9 December 2016.  ^ a b c Oreskes, Michael (August 19, 1988). "The Republicans in New Orleans; Convention Message Is Garbled by Quayle Static". The New York Times. Retrieved September 1, 2008.  ^ Ander Plattner et al., "Quayle Under Glass", U.S. News & World Report, August 29, 1988, p. 32. ^ 1988 Presidential Trial Heats Gallup. ^ Dan Quayle
Dan Quayle
Interview PBS. 2 December 1999. Retrieved 10 December 2016. ^ "Quayle Backs Group's Effort To Head Off Asteroid
Asteroid
Threat", Seattle Times, May 16, 1990. ^ Lionel Van Deerlin
Lionel Van Deerlin
(July 21, 2004). "The value and vitality of V.P.s". San Diego Union-Tribune.  ^ Maureen Dowd
Maureen Dowd
(June 25, 1989). "The Education of Dan Quayle". The New York Times.  ^ William Boot (Christopher Hanson) (September–October 1991). "Dan Quayle: The Sequel". Columbia Journalism Review. Archived from the original on January 22, 2004.  ^ William E. Burrows, This New Ocean, p. 576. ISBN 0-679-44521-8. ^ Witt, Karen De (1992-09-14). "THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: The Vice President; Quayle Contends Homosexuality Is a Matter of Choice, Not Biology". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2017-12-17.  ^ Dan Quayle
Dan Quayle
on Running for Vice President: "It’s Not the Easiest Job" Indianapolis
Indianapolis
Monthly. 4 October 2016. Retrieved 10 December 2016. ^ " Dan Quayle
Dan Quayle
vs. Murphy Brown". Time. June 1, 1992. Retrieved June 24, 2010.  ^ Coontz, Stephanie (May 1, 2005). "For Better, For Worse". The Washington Post. Retrieved April 30, 2010.  ^ " Candice Bergen
Candice Bergen
agrees with Quayle". CNN. Associated Press. July 11, 2002. Archived from the original on March 28, 2008.  ^ Mickle, Paul. "1992: Gaffe with an 'e' at the end". Capitalcentury.com. Retrieved July 1, 2006.  ^ Fass, Mark (August 29, 2004). "How Do You Spell Regret? One Man's Take on It". The New York Times. Retrieved March 20, 2009.  ^ "Mr. Quayle's 'e' for Effort". The New York Times. June 17, 1992.  ^ Bumiller, Elisabeth (July 15, 2004). "Rumor has it that Cheney's on way out / Theory appears far-fetched but is making the rounds". The San Francisco Chronicle.  ^ Time, "Quayle Vs. Gore", October 19, 1992. Retrieved August 29, 2008. ^ "FAIR MEDIA ADVISORY: Post- Debate
Debate
Fact-Checking Is Media's Main Job". Fair.org. September 29, 2004.  ^ " Debate
Debate
Transcript, Commission on Presidential Debates". Archived from the original on October 9, 2009.  ^ Columbia Journalism Review, September/October 1993 ""Archived copy". Archived from the original on October 2, 2006. Retrieved January 8, 2007.  ^ a b "David Broder on PBS Newshour. September 27, 1999". Pbs.org. Retrieved January 4, 2012.  ^ "Outlook: Dan Quayle
Dan Quayle
on the tea party, Palin and Ross Perot". The Washington Post. April 5, 2010. Retrieved October 15, 2012.  ^ B. Drummond Ayres Jr. (February 11, 2001). "Political Briefing; From Arizona, Talk
Talk
Of a Bid by Quayle". The New York Times. Retrieved September 4, 2008.  ^ "Ben Quayle, son of ex-veep, running for Shadegg's seat". Azcentral.com. February 16, 2010. Retrieved April 1, 2015.  ^ "Quayle to Endorse Romney". Thepage.time.com. December 5, 2011. Retrieved April 1, 2015.  ^ " Dan Quayle
Dan Quayle
Urges Pollard Release", Jweekly, February 10, 2011 ^ Elliott Abrams, et al., "Statement of Principles", June 3, 1997, newamericancentury.org, accessed April 4, 2015. ^ "Jeb Bush's Arizona
Arizona
supporters include Dan Quayle, Fife Symington". The Arizona
Arizona
Republic. October 28, 2015.  ^ " Dan Quayle
Dan Quayle
Visits Trump Tower
Trump Tower
to Offer 'Personal Congratulations'". ABC News. November 29, 2016.  ^ "J. Danforth Quayle - Cerberus Capital Management".  ^ Konrad, Yakabuski (April 30, 2004). "The prime of Brian Mulroney". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved March 10, 2011.  ^ Murtagh, Peter (September 17, 2016). "Project Eagle: Inside the £1.24bn Nama deal in the North". The Irish Times. Retrieved 2016-09-19.  ^ "Board of Directors website". Heckmann corporation. Archived from the original on March 16, 2011. Retrieved March 10, 2011.  ^ "RightWeb.com profile for J. Danforth Quayle". Retrieved March 10, 2011.  ^ "CampaignMoney.com donation page for Quayle for Congress, 2010 election cycle". Retrieved March 10, 2011.  ^ "S-1/A". www.sec.gov. Retrieved 2017-04-20. 

Further reading[edit]

What a Waste It Is to Lose One's Mind: The Unauthorized Autobiography of Dan Quayle, Quayle Quarterly (published by Rose Communications), April 1992, ISBN 0-9629162-2-6. Joe Queenan, Imperial Caddy: The Rise of Dan Quayle
Dan Quayle
in America and the Decline and Fall of Practically Everything Else, Hyperion Books; October 1992 (1st edition). ISBN 1-56282-939-4. Richard F. Fenno Jr., The Making of a Senator: Dan Quayle, Congressional Quarterly Press, January 1989. ISBN 0-87187-506-3.

External links[edit]

Biography portal

Wikiquote has quotations related to: Dan Quayle

Wikisource
Wikisource
has original works written by or about: Dan Quayle

Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States
United States
Congress Appearances on C-SPAN Dan Quayle
Dan Quayle
on IMDb Campaign contributions made by Dan Quayle "Reflections on Urban America" speech to the Commonwealth Club of California (" Murphy Brown
Murphy Brown
speech"): Transcript, Audio List of Quayle Quotations Vice Presidential Museum at the Dan Quayle
Dan Quayle
Center VP Quayle Receives DePauw's McNaughton Medal for Public Service; October 26, 1990 Cerberus Capital Management
Cerberus Capital Management
LP Genealogy of the family of J. Danforth Quayle Ubben Lecture at DePauw University; March 31, 2015

U.S. House of Representatives

Preceded by Edward Roush Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Indiana's 4th congressional district 1977–1981 Succeeded by Dan Coats

Party political offices

Preceded by Dick Lugar Republican nominee for U.S. Senator from Indiana (Class 3) 1980, 1986 Succeeded by Dan Coats

Preceded by George H. W. Bush Republican nominee for Vice President of the United States 1988, 1992 Succeeded by Jack Kemp

U.S. Senate

Preceded by Birch Bayh United States
United States
Senator (Class 3) from Indiana 1981–1989 Served alongside: Richard Lugar Succeeded by Dan Coats

Political offices

Preceded by George H. W. Bush Vice President of the United States 1989–1993 Succeeded by Al Gore

Current U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)

Preceded by Walter Mondale as Former Vice President Order of Precedence of the United States Former Vice President Succeeded by Al Gore as Former Vice President

v t e

United States
United States
Senators from Indiana

Class 1

Noble Hanna Tipton White Bright Wright Turpie T. Hendricks Pratt McDonald Harrison Turpie Beveridge Kern New Ralston Robinson Minton Willis Jenner Hartke Lugar Donnelly

Class 3

Taylor W. Hendricks Smith Hannegan Whitcomb Cathcart Pettit Fitch Lane Morton Voorhees Fairbanks Hemenway Shively Taggart Watson Van Nuys Jackson Jenner Capehart Bayh II Quayle Coats Bayh III Coats Young

v t e

Vice Presidents of the United States
United States
(list)

John Adams
John Adams
(1789–1797) Thomas Jefferson
Thomas Jefferson
(1797–1801) Aaron Burr
Aaron Burr
(1801–1805) George Clinton (1805–1812) Elbridge Gerry
Elbridge Gerry
(1813–1814) Daniel D. Tompkins
Daniel D. Tompkins
(1817–1825) John C. Calhoun
John C. Calhoun
(1825–1832) Martin Van Buren
Martin Van Buren
(1833–1837) Richard M. Johnson (1837–1841) John Tyler
John Tyler
(1841) George M. Dallas
George M. Dallas
(1845–1849) Millard Fillmore
Millard Fillmore
(1849–1850) William R. King
William R. King
(1853) John C. Breckinridge
John C. Breckinridge
(1857–1861) Hannibal Hamlin
Hannibal Hamlin
(1861–1865) Andrew Johnson
Andrew Johnson
(1865) Schuyler Colfax
Schuyler Colfax
(1869–1873) Henry Wilson
Henry Wilson
(1873–1875) William A. Wheeler
William A. Wheeler
(1877–1881) Chester A. Arthur
Chester A. Arthur
(1881) Thomas A. Hendricks
Thomas A. Hendricks
(1885) Levi P. Morton
Levi P. Morton
(1889–1893) Adlai Stevenson (1893–1897) Garret Hobart
Garret Hobart
(1897–1899) Theodore Roosevelt
Theodore Roosevelt
(1901) Charles W. Fairbanks
Charles W. Fairbanks
(1905–1909) James S. Sherman
James S. Sherman
(1909–1912) Thomas R. Marshall
Thomas R. Marshall
(1913–1921) Calvin Coolidge
Calvin Coolidge
(1921–1923) Charles G. Dawes
Charles G. Dawes
(1925–1929) Charles Curtis
Charles Curtis
(1929–1933) John Nance Garner
John Nance Garner
(1933–1941) Henry A. Wallace
Henry A. Wallace
(1941–1945) Harry S. Truman
Harry S. Truman
(1945) Alben W. Barkley
Alben W. Barkley
(1949–1953) Richard Nixon
Richard Nixon
(1953–1961) Lyndon B. Johnson
Lyndon B. Johnson
(1961–1963) Hubert Humphrey
Hubert Humphrey
(1965–1969) Spiro Agnew
Spiro Agnew
(1969–1973) Gerald Ford
Gerald Ford
(1973–1974) Nelson Rockefeller
Nelson Rockefeller
(1974–1977) Walter Mondale
Walter Mondale
(1977–1981) George H. W. Bush
George H. W. Bush
(1981–1989) Dan Quayle
Dan Quayle
(1989–1993) Al Gore
Al Gore
(1993–2001) Dick Cheney
Dick Cheney
(2001–2009) Joe Biden
Joe Biden
(2009–2017) Mike Pence
Mike Pence
(2017–present)

List Category

v t e

United States
United States
Republican Party

Chairpersons of the RNC

Morgan Raymond Ward Claflin Morgan Chandler Cameron Jewell Sabin Jones Quay Clarkson Carter Hanna Payne Cortelyou New Hitchcock Hill Rosewater Hilles Wilcox Hays Adams Butler Work Huston Fess Sanders Fletcher Hamilton Martin Walsh Spangler Brownell Reece Scott Gabrielson Summerfield Roberts Hall Alcorn T. B. Morton Miller Burch Bliss R. Morton Dole Bush Smith Brock Richards Laxalt/Fahrenkopf Reagan/Fahrenkopf Atwater Yeutter Bond Barbour Nicholson Gilmore Racicot Gillespie Mehlman Martínez Duncan Steele Priebus Romney McDaniel

Presidential tickets

Frémont/Dayton Lincoln/Hamlin Lincoln/Johnson Grant/Colfax Grant/Wilson Hayes/Wheeler Garfield/Arthur Blaine/Logan Harrison/Morton Harrison/Reid McKinley/Hobart McKinley/Roosevelt Roosevelt/Fairbanks Taft/Sherman Taft/Sherman/Butler Hughes/Fairbanks Harding/Coolidge Coolidge/Dawes Hoover/Curtis (twice) Landon/Knox Willkie/McNary Dewey/Bricker Dewey/Warren Eisenhower/Nixon (twice) Nixon/Lodge Goldwater/Miller Nixon/Agnew (twice) Ford/Dole Reagan/G. H. W. Bush (twice) G. H. W. Bush/Quayle (twice) Dole/Kemp G. W. Bush/Cheney (twice) McCain/Palin Romney/Ryan Trump/Pence

Parties by state and territory

State

Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming

Territory

American Samoa District of Columbia Guam Northern Mariana Islands Puerto Rico Virgin Islands

Conventions (list)

1856 (Philadelphia) 1860 (Chicago) 1864 (Baltimore) 1868 (Chicago) 1872 (Philadelphia) 1876 (Cincinnati) 1880 (Chicago) 1884 (Chicago) 1888 (Chicago) 1892 (Minneapolis) 1896 (Saint Louis) 1900 (Philadelphia) 1904 (Chicago) 1908 (Chicago) 1912 (Chicago) 1916 (Chicago) 1920 (Chicago) 1924 (Cleveland) 1928 (Kansas City) 1932 (Chicago) 1936 (Cleveland) 1940 (Philadelphia) 1944 (Chicago) 1948 (Philadelphia) 1952 (Chicago) 1956 (San Francisco) 1960 (Chicago) 1964 (San Francisco) 1968 (Miami Beach) 1972 (Miami Beach) 1976 (Kansas City) 1980 (Detroit) 1984 (Dallas) 1988 (New Orleans) 1992 (Houston) 1996 (San Diego) 2000 (Philadelphia) 2004 (New York) 2008 (St. Paul) 2012 (Tampa) 2016 (Cleveland)

Affiliated organizations

Fundraising groups

National Republican Congressional Committee National Republican Senatorial Committee Republican Conference of the United States
United States
House of Representatives Republican Conference of the United States
United States
Senate Republican Governors Association

Sectional groups

College Republicans

Chairmen

Congressional Hispanic Conference International Democrat Union Log Cabin Republicans Republican Jewish Coalition Republican National Hispanic Assembly Republicans Abroad Teen Age Republicans Young Republicans

Factional groups

Republican Main Street Partnership Republican Majority for Choice Republican Liberty Caucus Republican National Coalition for Life Republican Study Committee ConservAmerica Liberty Caucus Freedom Caucus Ripon Society The Wish List

Related articles

History Primaries Debates 2009 chairmanship election 2011 chairmanship election 2013 chairmanship election 2015 chairmanship election 2017 chairmanship election Bibliography Timeline of modern American conservatism

Republican Party portal

v t e

Cabinet of President George H. W. Bush
George H. W. Bush
(1989–93)

Cabinet

Secretary of State

James A. Baker (1989–92) Lawrence Eagleburger
Lawrence Eagleburger
(1992–93)

Secretary of the Treasury

Nicholas F. Brady
Nicholas F. Brady
(1989–93)

Secretary of Defense

Dick Cheney
Dick Cheney
(1989–93)

Attorney General

Richard L. Thornburgh (1989–91) William Pelham Barr (1991–93)

Secretary of the Interior

Manuel Lujan Jr.
Manuel Lujan Jr.
(1989–93)

Secretary of Agriculture

Clayton K. Yeutter (1989–91) Edward R. Madigan (1991–93)

Secretary of Commerce

Robert Mosbacher
Robert Mosbacher
(1989–92) Barbara Hackman Franklin (1992 – 93)

Secretary of Labor

Elizabeth Dole
Elizabeth Dole
(1989 – 91) Lynn Martin (1991–93)

Secretary of Health and Human Services

Louis W. Sullivan (1989–93)

Secretary of Housing and Urban Development

Jack Kemp
Jack Kemp
(1989–93)

Secretary of Transportation

Samuel K. Skinner
Samuel K. Skinner
(1989–92) Andrew Card
Andrew Card
(1992–93)

Secretary of Energy

James D. Watkins
James D. Watkins
(1989–93)

Secretary of Education

Lauro F. Cavazos (1989–90) Lamar Alexander
Lamar Alexander
(1991–93)

Secretary of Veterans Affairs

Ed Derwinski
Ed Derwinski
(1989–92)

Cabinet-level

Vice President

Dan Quayle
Dan Quayle
(1989–93)

White House Chief of Staff

John H. Sununu
John H. Sununu
(1989–91) Samuel K. Skinner
Samuel K. Skinner
(1991–92) James A. Baker (1992–93)

Director of the Office of Management and Budget

Richard Darman
Richard Darman
(1989–93)

Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency

William Reilly (1989–92) None (1992–93)

Trade Representative

Carla A. Hills (1989–93)

Ambassador to the United Nations

Thomas Pickering (1989–92) Edward Perkins (1992–93)

Assistants to the President for National Security Advisor

Brent Scowcroft
Brent Scowcroft
(1989–93)

Director of the Office of National Drug Control Policy

William J. Bennett (1989–91) Bob Martinez
Bob Martinez
(1991–93)

Chairperson of the Council of Economic Advisers

Michael Boskin
Michael Boskin
(1989–93)

v t e

Members of the U.S. House of Representatives from Indiana

1st district

Prince Call Boon Blake Boon Proffit Owen Embree Albertson Lockhart Miller Lockhart Niblack Law Niblack Fuller Heilman Kleiner Hovey Posey Parrett Taylor Hemenway Foster Boehne Sr. Lieb Denton Luhring W. Wilson Rowbottom Boehne Jr. Schulte Madden Benjamin Hall Visclosky

2nd district

Jennings Carr Ewing J. W. Davis Ewing J. W. Davis Thompson Henley Dunham English Cravens Kerr Wolfe Williams Humphreys Cobb O'Neall Bretz Hardy Miers Chaney Cullop Bland Greenwood Durgan Halleck Landgrebe Fithian Sharp McIntosh Pence Chocola Donnelly Walorski

3rd district

Test O. Smith Test Carty Carr Graham Carr J. L. White T. Smith Robinson Dunham Dunn Hughes Dunn Harrington R. Hill Hunter Holman Kerr Carr Bicknell Stockslager Howard Brown Tracewell Zenor Cox Dunbar Gardner Dunbar Crowe Pettengill Grant Crook Crumpacker Nimtz Brademas Hiler Roemer Souder Stutzman Banks

4th district

Lane Dunn T. Smith Cravens C. Smith Julian Parker Lane Cumback Foley Holman Farquhar Holman Julian Je. Wilson New Sexton New Holman Watson Holman Griffith Dixon Benham Canfield Farley Gillie Kruse Adair Roush Quayle Coats Long Souder Buyer Rokita

5th district

McCarty Rariden Kennedy Brown Wick Brown Hendricks Parker Holloway Kilgore Julian Coburn Holman Browne Matson Cooper Overstreet Faris Holliday Moss Sanders N. Johnson Gillen Griswold Harness Walsh Beamer Roush Roudebush Hillis Jontz Buyer Burton Brooks

6th district

Kinnard Herod Wick Wallace J. W. Davis Dunn Gorman Hendricks Barbour Gregg Porter Dumont Coburn Voorhees Hunter Robinson Myers Browne H. Johnson Watson Barnard Gray Comstock Elliott Larrabee Jenckes N. Johnson Harden Wampler Roudebush Bray Evans Burton Pence Messer

7th district

Hannegan A. White Howard Lane Wright McGaughey Thompson McGaughey J. G. Davis Scott J. G. Davis Voorhees Washburn Orth Manson Cason Landers Hanna Matyr Peelle English Bynum Henry Overstreet Korbly Moores Updike Ludlow Greenwood Landis Noland Bray Myers Pease Kerns J. Carson A. Carson

8th district

Pettit McDonald Mace Ja. Wilson A. White Orth Tyner Hunter Hostetler Peirce Lamb Johnston Brookshire Faris Henry Cromer Adair Vestal Boehne Jr. La Follette Mitchell Denton Merrill Denton Zion Hayes Cornwell Deckard McCloskey Hostettler Ellsworth Bucshon

9th district

Sample Cathcart Fitch Eddy Shanks Cason M. White Orth Doxey Ward Cheadle Waugh Hanly Landis Morrison Purnell Crowe E. Wilson Hogan E. Wilson Hamilton B. Hill Sodrel B. Hill Young Hollingsworth

10th district

Kennedy Rockhill Harlan Brenton Chamberlain Case Mitchell Edgerton Defrees Williams Sayler Haymond Calkins Motte T. Wood Owen Patton Hammond Hatch Crumpacker Peterson W. Wood Gray Springer Harvey Harmon Harvey Roudebush Dennis Sharp Jacobs Jr. J. Carson

11th district

Harlan Pettit Shanks McDowell Stilwell Shanks Packard Evans Cowgill Steele Martin Steele Landis Rauch Kraus Cook Hall Griswold Larrabee Ludlow Jacobs Sr. Brownson Barr Bruce Jacobs Jr. Hudnut Jacobs Jr.

12th district

Hamilton Colerick Lowry J. B. White McClellan McNagny Leighty Robinson Gilbert Gilhams Cline Fairfield Hogg Ludlow

13th district

Baker Calkins Shively Ford Shively Conn Royse Brick Barnhart Hickey Pettengill

At-large

Hendricks Jennings Packard / Orth / Williams

Territory

Parke Thomas Jennings

v t e

(1984 ←) United States
United States
presidential election, 1988 (→ 1992)

Republican Party Convention Primaries Primary results

Nominee

George H. W. Bush

VP nominee

Dan Quayle

Candidates

Bob Dole Pete du Pont Ben Fernandez Alexander Haig Jack Kemp Paul Laxalt Isabell Masters Pat Robertson Donald Rumsfeld Harold Stassen

Democratic Party Convention Primaries Primary results

Nominee

Michael Dukakis

campaign

VP nominee

Lloyd Bentsen

Candidates

Douglas Applegate Bruce Babbitt Joe Biden

campaign

David Duke Dick Gephardt Al Gore

campaign

Gary Hart Jesse Jackson

campaign

Lyndon LaRouche Andy Martin Patricia Schroeder Paul Simon James Traficant

Third party and independent candidates

Libertarian Party Convention

Nominee

Ron Paul
Ron Paul
(campaign)

VP nominee

Andre Marrou

Candidates

Jim Lewis Russell Means

New Alliance Party

Nominee

Lenora Fulani

Populist Party

Nominee

David Duke

Prohibition Party

Nominee

Earl Dodge

VP nominee

George Ormsby

Socialist Equality Party

Nominee

Edward Winn

Socialist Party

Nominee

Willa Kenoyer

VP nominee

Ron Ehrenreich

Socialist Workers Party

Nominee

James Warren

VP nominee

Kathleen Mickells

Workers World Party

Nominee

Larry Holmes

VP nominee

Gloria La Riva

Independents and others

Jack Herer Lyndon LaRouche Herbert G. Lewin William A. Marra Eugene McCarthy

Other 1988 elections: House Senate Gubernatorial

v t e

(1988 ←) United States
United States
presidential election, 1992 (→ 1996)

Democratic Party

Convention Primaries

Nominee Bill Clinton
Bill Clinton
(campaign) VP nominee Al Gore

Candidates Larry Agran Jerry Brown Tom Harkin Bob Kerrey Lyndon LaRouche Tom Laughlin Eugene McCarthy Paul Tsongas Douglas Wilder Charles Woods

Republican Party

Convention Primaries

Nominee George H. W. Bush VP nominee Dan Quayle

Candidates Pat Buchanan David Duke Jack Fellure Isabell Masters Pat Paulsen Tennie Rogers Harold Stassen

Independent

Candidate Ross Perot
Ross Perot
(campaign) VP candidate James Stockdale

Other independent and third party candidates

Libertarian Party

Convention

Nominee Andre Marrou

VP nominee Nancy Lord

Natural Law Party

Nominee John Hagelin

VP nominee Mike Tompkins

New Alliance Party

Nominee Lenora Fulani

VP nominee Maria Elizabeth Muñoz

Prohibition Party

Nominee Earl Dodge

VP nominee George Ormsby

Socialist Party USA

Nominee J. Quinn Brisben

VP nominee Barbara Garson

Socialist Workers Party

Nominee James Warren

VP nominee Willie Mae Reid

U.S. Taxpayers Party

Convention

Nominee Howard Phillips

VP nominee Albion W. Knight, Jr.

Workers World Party

Nominee Gloria La Riva

VP nominee Larry Holmes

Independents and other candidates

Ronald Daniels (Running mate: Asiba Tupahache) Bo Gritz Isabell Masters

Other 1992 elections House Senate Gubernatorial

v t e

(1996 ←) United States
United States
presidential election, 2000 (→ 2004)

General election results Florida results

Republican Party

Convention Primaries

Nominee George W. Bush
George W. Bush
(campaign) VP nominee Dick Cheney

Candidates Lamar Alexander Gary Bauer Pat Buchanan
Pat Buchanan
(campaign) Herman Cain Elizabeth Dole Jack Fellure Steve Forbes Orrin Hatch John Kasich
John Kasich
(campaign) Alan Keyes
Alan Keyes
(campaign) Andy Martin John McCain
John McCain
(campaign) Dan Quayle Bob Smith

Democratic Party

Convention Primaries

Nominee Al Gore
Al Gore
(campaign) VP nominee Joe Lieberman

Candidates Bill Bradley
Bill Bradley
(campaign) Lyndon LaRouche

Constitution Party

Convention

Nominee Howard Phillips VP nominee Curtis Frazier

Candidates Herb Titus

Green Party

Convention

Nominee Ralph Nader
Ralph Nader
(campaign) VP nominee Winona LaDuke

Candidates Jello Biafra Stephen Gaskin Joel Kovel

Libertarian Party

Convention

Nominee Harry Browne
Harry Browne
(campaign) VP nominee Art Olivier

Candidates Jacob Hornberger Barry Hess L. Neil Smith

Reform Party

Primaries

Nominee Pat Buchanan
Pat Buchanan
(campaign) VP nominee Ezola B. Foster

Candidates John Hagelin Donald Trump
Donald Trump
(campaign)

Natural Law Party

Nominee John Hagelin VP nominee Nat Goldhaber

Prohibition Party

Nominee Earl Dodge VP nominee W. Dean Watkins

Socialist Party

Nominee David McReynolds VP nominee Mary Cal Hollis

Socialist Workers Party

Nominee James Harris VP nominee Margaret Trowe

Workers World Party

Nominee Monica Moorehead VP nominee Gloria La Riva

Independent

Cathy Gordon Brown Charles E. Collins Isabell Masters Joe Schriner

Florida election recount
Florida election recount
and legal proceedings

Key figures

Katherine Harris Jeb Bush David Boies

Theodore Olson James Baker Ron Klain Warren Christopher Michael Whouley Benjamin Ginsberg Bob Butterworth Joe Allbaugh Mac Stipanovich Craig Waters Theresa LePore Carol Roberts

Election day

Florida Central Voter File
File
(scrub list) Volusia error Chad Butterfly ballot

Aftermath and legal proceedings

Florida election recount Brooks Brothers riot Palm Beach County Canvassing Board v. Harris (Harris I) Gore v. Harris (Harris II) Bush v. Palm Beach County Canvassing Board Bush v. Gore

Films

Recount (2008) Bush Family Fortunes
Bush Family Fortunes
(2004) Unprecedented: The 2000 Presidential Election (2002)

Other 2000 elections House Senate Gubernatorial

Authority control

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