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Daman and Diu
Daman and Diu
/dəˈmɑːn ... ˈdiːuː/ ( locally (help·info)) is a union territory in Western India. With an area of 112 km2, it is the smallest federal division of India
India
on the mainland. The territory comprises two distinct regions Daman and Diu, geographically separated by the Gulf of Khambhat. The state of Gujarat
Gujarat
and the Arabian Sea
Arabian Sea
border the territory. A Portuguese colony since the 1500s, the territories were amalgamated in India
India
in 1961 through a military conquest.

Contents

1 History 2 Population

2.1 Demographics 2.2 Languages 2.3 Religion

3 Administration

3.1 Districts

4 Economy 5 Education 6 Transportation 7 Media and communications

7.1 Print media 7.2 Telecommunications

8 Tourism 9 Sister cities 10 See also 11 References 12 External links

History[edit]

St. Paul's Church in Diu

For over 450 years, the coastal enclaves of Daman (Portuguese: Damão) and Diu on the Arabian Sea
Arabian Sea
coast were part of Portuguese India, along with Goa
Goa
and Dadra and Nagar Haveli. Goa, Daman and Diu
Goa, Daman and Diu
were incorporated into the Republic of India
India
on December 19, 1961, by military conquest. Portugal
Portugal
did not recognise the Indian annexation of these territories until 1974. The territory of "Goa, Daman and Diu" was administered as a single union territory until 1987, when Goa
Goa
was granted statehood, leaving Daman and Diu
Daman and Diu
as a separate union territory. Each enclave constitutes one of the union territory's two districts. Daman and Diu
Daman and Diu
are approximately 650 kilometres away from each other by road. Population[edit] Demographics[edit] According to the 2011 census, the lowest female to male ratio in India (618 females per thousand males) was recorded in Daman and Diu.[3] The Daman district, with a female to male ratio of .533, is among the lowest of all the districts Languages[edit] Gujarati is the mother tongue of most of the territory’s population, as they belong to the Gujarati-speaking Damaniya sub-caste. Along with Gujarati, Hindi
Hindi
and English are all official languages. Hindi
Hindi
and English are official languages because they are official languages of India’s central government. Daman and Diu
Daman and Diu
were once part of a combined union territory along with Goa
Goa
(a Konkani-speaking region), before Goa
Goa
gained statehood in 1987. The use of Portuguese, which was the territory’s official language during the colonial period, is in decline and relegated to home use. It is also used as a liturgical language by the territory’s Catholics. Standard Portuguese exists in a post-creole continuum while Daman and Diu Portuguese is spoken by about 10,000–12,000 people in Daman. The languages taught in schools in Daman and Diu
Daman and Diu
under the three-language formula are:[4] First Language: Gujarati Second Language: Hindi Third Language: English

Population growth 

Census Pop.

1951 49,000

1961 37,000

-24.5%

1971 63,000

70.3%

1981 79,000

25.4%

1991 102,000

29.1%

2001 158,000

54.9%

Source:Census of India[5]

Religion[edit] The Catholics are pastorally served by the Metropolitan Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Goa
Goa
and Daman, which has its see in Goa
Goa
and is the primatial see of all India. Administration[edit]

Diu Beach

According to the Constitution of India, Administration of Daman and Diu is carried out by an Administrator, appointed by the President of India
India
as an agent of the President, not a head of state/government or a governor. Previously, this post was held by Shri B. S. Bhalla, IAS officer (1990 batch). He was assisted by a number of other officers in carrying out his duty. Currently, this post is held by Praful Khoda Patel. Districts[edit]

Diu District, an area of 40 km2. The main settlement is the town of Diu. Daman District, an area of 28 sq mi or 72 km2. The main settlement is the city of Daman.

Economy[edit] The state's domestic product for Daman and Diu
Daman and Diu
in 2005 was estimated at 156 million US dollars at current prices.

Education[edit] In Daman, the most popular schools are Institute of Our Lady of Fátima located in Moti Daman, Coast Guard Public School in Nani Daman, Sarvajanik Vidyalaya in Nani Daman, Shri Macchi Mahajan High School in Nani Daman, and other government institutions. There is also a college named Government College, Daman which has most of the educational facilities. Diu College is also another degree college in Diu. Transportation[edit]

Diu Airport
Diu Airport
Terminal

Daman and Diu
Daman and Diu
are connected by roads, and are 12 km from Vapi, 125 km from Surat, and 195 km from Mumbai. Vapi railway station on the Western Railway is the station nearest to Daman, and connects to all major cities. Diu Airport
Diu Airport
has commercial air services, while Daman Airport
Daman Airport
has an Indian Navy air base. Media and communications[edit] Print media[edit] Gujarati:

DamanGanga Times Divya Bhaskar Gujarat
Gujarat
Mitra Gujarat
Gujarat
Samachar Janadesh Praja Samachar

English:

The Business Line Deccan Chronicle The Economic Times Free Press Journal The Hans India The Hindu Hindustan Times The New Indian Express The Times of India

Marathi:

Lokmat Loksatta Pudhari Sakal

Hindi:

Dainik Jagran Jansatta Nai Dunia Nava Bharat Sanmarg Savera India The Territory Times

Telecommunications[edit]

Airtel, Aircel, BSNL, Idea Cellular, JIO, Reliance Mobile, Tata Docomo, Vodafone Satellite television:

Airtel digital TV, Dish TV, Reliance Digital TV, TATA Sky

Radio:

All India
India
Radio, FM

Tourism[edit] Daman and Diu
Daman and Diu
house various buildings and monuments with Portuguese styled architecture. The nearest railway junction is Veraval, which is 90 km from Diu. Major cities like Mumbai, Ahmedabad, Pune, Jabalpur (Madhya Pradesh), Dwarka and Thiruvananthapuram
Thiruvananthapuram
are directly connected to Veraval Railway Station. Delwada is 8 km from Diu.

Jain Temple: This 18th-century temple is situated in northern region of Nani Daman Fort and is dedicated to Mahavir Swami. The temple is built with white marble and has beautiful carvings. The walls have an elegant glass cover with 18th-century murals that represents the life of Mahavir Swami.[6] Nani Daman Fort Diu Fort Fort of Moti Daman St. Thomas Church Nadia Caves St. Paul's Church Tower of Silence Daman Freedom Memorial Fortim do Mar Portuguese Fort Se Cathedral

Beaches

Nagoa Beach is in Diu. Ghoghla Beach is the largest beach on the island of Diu. Chakratirth Beach is in Diu. Gomtimata Beach is in Diu. Jallandhar Beach has a shrine. The beach is named after Jallandhar, a mythological demon who was said to have been killed by Lord Krishna.[7]

Nani Daman Fort Entrance

Jampore Beach in Daman

Jain Temple, Daman

Diu Fort
Diu Fort
Fixed Cannons

St. Thomas Church, Diu

Diu fort

Nadia Caves of Diu

St. Paul's Church, Diu

Tower of Silence

Sunset at Devka Beach, Daman

Church in Nani Daman Fort

Church of Bom Jesus, Daman

Daman Freedom Memorial

Se Cathedral

View of Water Fort Prison from Diu Fort
Diu Fort
with watch tower of Diu Fort

Fortim do Mar

Portuguese Fort

Harbour view from Moti Daman Fort

Sister cities[edit] Daman is a twin town of the city of Coimbra, Portugal.[8] Diu Island is twinned with the city of Loures, also in Portugal.[9] See also[edit]

Geography portal India
India
portal Daman and Diu
Daman and Diu
portal

Battle of Diu Damania

References[edit]

^ "50th Report of the Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities in India" (PDF). 16 July 2014. p. 109. Retrieved 2016-08-26.  ^ "Report of the Commissioner for linguistic minorities: 50th report (July 2012 to June 2013)" (PDF). Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities, Ministry of Minority Affairs, Government of India. p. 113. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 July 2016. Retrieved 26 December 2014.  ^ "Ranking of States and Union territories by population size : 1991 and 2001" (PDF). Government of India
India
(2001). Census of India. pp. 5–6. Retrieved 2012-05-12.  ^ "51st REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER FOR LINGUISTIC MINORITIES IN INDIA" (PDF). nclm.nic.in. Ministry of Minority Affairs. 15 July 2015. p. 125. Retrieved 15 February 2018.  ^ "Census Population" (PDF). Census of India. Ministry of Finance India. Retrieved 2008-12-18.  ^ "Jain Temple Daman Jain Temple in Daman Gujarat
Gujarat
India
India
Religious Places of Daman Religious Places of Gujarat
Gujarat
Nri Gujarati Tourism Places Jain Temple Daman". nrigujarati.co.in. Retrieved 2017-09-25.  ^ "Jallandhar Beach, Diu". www.nativeplanet.com. Retrieved 2016-05-13.  ^ "Damão, Índia". coimbra.pt (in Portuguese). Coimbra, Portugual: Câmara Municipal de Coimbra. 2014. Retrieved 2014-11-17.  ^ "Município – Cooperação externa – Diu". cm-loures.pt (in Portuguese). Loures, Portugual: Câmara Municipal de Loures. 2014. Retrieved 2014-11-17. 

External links[edit]

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Daman and Diu.

Daman Administration's official website WorldStatesmen, including lists of Portuguese captains/governors of Damão and Diu

Places adjacent to Daman and Diu

Arabian Sea

Daman and Diu

Gujarat

v t e

Union Territory of Daman and Diu

Daman and Diu
Daman and Diu
topics History Economy Geography Culture Tourism

Capital

Daman

Districts

Daman Diu

Major towns

Daman Diu Nagao Beach

History

Battle of Diu
Battle of Diu
(1509) Siege of Diu
Siege of Diu
(1531) Treaty of Bassein (1534) Siege of Diu
Siege of Diu
(1538) Second Siege of Diu
Siege of Diu
(1546) Diu Fort Operation Vijay (1961)

Languages

Gujarati Marathi English Portuguese

v t e

States and union territories of India

States

Arunachal Pradesh Andhra Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu
Jammu
and Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Odisha Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Telangana Tripura Uttar Pradesh Uttarakhand West Bengal

Union Territories

Andaman and Nicobar Islands Chandigarh Dadra and Nagar Haveli National Capital Territory of Delhi Daman and Diu Lakshadweep Puducherry

Capitals in India Proposed states and territories Historical Regions British Provinces

v t e

State and Union Territory capitals of India

Agartala Aizawl Amaravati
Amaravati
(de facto) Bangalore Bhopal Bhubaneswar Chandigarh Chennai Daman Dehradun
Dehradun
(interim) New Delhi Dispur Gandhinagar Gangtok Hyderabad Imphal Itanagar Jaipur Jammu
Jammu
(in winter) Kavaratti Kohima Kolkata Lucknow Mumbai Panaji Patna Pondicherry Port Blair Raipur Ranchi Shillong Shimla Silvassa Srinagar
Srinagar
(in summer) Thiruvananthapuram

v t e

Portuguese overseas empire

North Africa

15th century

1415–1640 Ceuta

1458–1550 Alcácer Ceguer (El Qsar es Seghir)

1471–1550 Arzila (Asilah)

1471–1662 Tangier

1485–1550 Mazagan (El Jadida)

1487–16th century Ouadane

1488–1541 Safim (Safi)

1489 Graciosa

16th century

1505–1541 Santa Cruz do Cabo de Gué (Agadir)

1506–1525 Mogador (Essaouira)

1506–1525 Aguz (Souira Guedima)

1506–1769 Mazagan (El Jadida)

1513–1541 Azamor (Azemmour)

1515–1541 São João da Mamora (Mehdya)

1577–1589 Arzila (Asilah)

Sub-Saharan Africa

15th century

1455–1633 Anguim

1462–1975 Cape Verde

1470–1975 São Tomé1

1471–1975 Príncipe1

1474–1778 Annobón

1478–1778 Fernando Poo (Bioko)

1482–1637 Elmina
Elmina
(São Jorge da Mina)

1482–1642 Portuguese Gold Coast

1508–15472 Madagascar3

1498–1540 Mascarene Islands

16th century

1500–1630 Malindi

1501–1975 Portuguese Mozambique

1502–1659 Saint Helena

1503–1698 Zanzibar

1505–1512 Quíloa (Kilwa)

1506–1511 Socotra

1557–1578 Accra

1575–1975 Portuguese Angola

1588–1974 Cacheu4

1593–1698 Mombassa (Mombasa)

17th century

1645–1888 Ziguinchor

1680–1961 São João Baptista de Ajudá

1687–1974 Bissau4

18th century

1728–1729 Mombassa (Mombasa)

1753–1975 Portuguese São Tomé and Príncipe

19th century

1879–1974 Portuguese Guinea

1885–1974 Portuguese Congo5

1 Part of São Tomé and Príncipe
Príncipe
from 1753. 2 Or 1600. 3 A factory (Anosy Region) and small temporary coastal bases. 4 Part of Portuguese Guinea
Portuguese Guinea
from 1879. 5 Part of Portuguese Angola
Portuguese Angola
from the 1920s.

Middle East [Persian Gulf]

16th century

1506–1615 Gamru (Bandar Abbas)

1507–1643 Sohar

1515–1622 Hormuz (Ormus)

1515–1648 Quriyat

1515–? Qalhat

1515–1650 Muscat

1515?–? Barka

1515–1633? Julfar (Ras al-Khaimah)

1521–1602 Bahrain
Bahrain
(Muharraq • Manama)

1521–1529? Qatif

1521?–1551? Tarut Island

1550–1551 Qatif

1588–1648 Matrah

17th century

1620–? Khor Fakkan

1621?–? As Sib

1621–1622 Qeshm

1623–? Khasab

1623–? Libedia

1624–? Kalba

1624–? Madha

1624–1648 Dibba Al-Hisn

1624?–? Bandar-e Kong

Indian subcontinent

15th century

1498–1545

Laccadive Islands (Lakshadweep)

16th century Portuguese India

 • 1500–1663 Cochim (Kochi)

 • 1501–1663 Cannanore (Kannur)

 • 1502–1658  1659–1661

Quilon (Coulão / Kollam)

 • 1502–1661 Pallipuram (Cochin de Cima)

 • 1507–1657 Negapatam (Nagapatnam)

 • 1510–1961 Goa

 • 1512–1525  1750

Calicut (Kozhikode)

 • 1518–1619 Portuguese Paliacate outpost (Pulicat)

 • 1521–1740 Chaul

  (Portuguese India)

 • 1523–1662 Mylapore

 • 1528–1666

Chittagong (Porto Grande De Bengala)

 • 1531–1571 Chaul

 • 1531–1571 Chalé

 • 1534–1601 Salsette Island

 • 1534–1661 Bombay (Mumbai)

 • 1535 Ponnani

 • 1535–1739 Baçaím (Vasai-Virar)

 • 1536–1662 Cranganore (Kodungallur)

 • 1540–1612 Surat

 • 1548–1658 Tuticorin (Thoothukudi)

 • 1559–1961 Daman and Diu

 • 1568–1659 Mangalore

  (Portuguese India)

 • 1579–1632 Hugli

 • 1598–1610 Masulipatnam (Machilipatnam)

1518–1521 Maldives

1518–1658 Portuguese Ceylon
Portuguese Ceylon
(Sri Lanka)

1558–1573 Maldives

17th century Portuguese India

 • 1687–1749 Mylapore

18th century Portuguese India

 • 1779–1954 Dadra and Nagar Haveli

East Asia and Oceania

16th century

1511–1641 Portuguese Malacca
Portuguese Malacca
[Malaysia]

1512–1621 Maluku [Indonesia]

 • 1522–1575  Ternate

 • 1576–1605  Ambon

 • 1578–1650  Tidore

1512–1665 Makassar

1557–1999 Macau [China]

1580–1586 Nagasaki [Japan]

17th century

1642–1975 Portuguese Timor
Portuguese Timor
(East Timor)1

19th century Portuguese Macau

 • 1864–1999 Coloane

 • 1851–1999 Taipa

 • 1890–1999 Ilha Verde

20th century Portuguese Macau

 • 1938–1941 Lapa and Montanha (Hengqin)

1 1975 is the year of East Timor's Declaration of Independence and subsequent invasion by Indonesia. In 2002, East Timor's independence was fully recognized.

North America & North Atlantic

15th century [Atlantic islands]

1420 Madeira

1432 Azores

16th century [Canada]

1500–1579? Terra Nova (Newfoundland)

1500–1579? Labrador

1516–1579? Nova Scotia

South America & Antilles

16th century

1500–1822 Brazil

 • 1534–1549  Captaincy Colonies of Brazil

 • 1549–1572  Brazil

 • 1572–1578  Bahia

 • 1572–1578  Rio de Janeiro

 • 1578–1607  Brazil

 • 1621–1815  Brazil

1536–1620 Barbados

17th century

1621–1751 Maranhão

1680–1777 Nova Colónia do Sacramento

18th century

1751–1772 Grão-Pará and Maranhão

1772–1775 Grão-Pará and Rio Negro

1772–1775 Maranhão and Piauí

19th century

1808–1822 Cisplatina
Cisplatina
(Uruguay)

1809–1817 Portuguese Guiana (Amapá)

1822 Upper Peru
Upper Peru
(Bolivia)

Coats of arms of Portuguese colonies Evolution of the Portuguese Empire Portuguese colonial architecture Portuguese colonialism in Indonesia Portuguese colonization of the Americas Theory of the Portuguese discovery of Australia

Authority control

GND: 4340518-6 BNF:

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