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According to Hindu legend, Dakṣa (Sanskrit: दक्ष, lit. able, dexterous, or honest one[1] is one of the sons of Lord Brahma, who, after creating the ten Manas Putras, created Daksha, Dharma, Kamadeva and Agni
Agni
from his right thumb, chest, heart and eyebrows respectively.[2] Besides his noble birth, Daksa was a great kshatriya king. Pictures show him as a rotund and obese man with a stocky body, protruding belly, and muscular with the head of an ibex-like creature with spiral horns.

Contents

1 Daughters 2 Story of Sati and Shiva

2.1 Daksha
Daksha
Yagna

3 See also 4 References 5 External links

Daughters[edit] According to the Puranas, Daksha
Daksha
had 89 daughters According to Vishnu
Vishnu
Purana and Padma Purana, Daksha
Daksha
and his wife Prasuti had 24 daughters. The names of these 24 daughters are Sraddha (Faith), Srilakshmi (Prosperity), Dhriti (Steadiness), Thushti (Resignation), Pushti (Thriving), Medha (Intelligence), Kriya
Kriya
(Action, Devotion), Buddhika[disambiguation needed] (Intellect), Lajja Gauri (Modesty), Vapu (Body), Santi[disambiguation needed] (Expiation), Siddhika (Perfection), Kirtti (Fame), Khyati (Celebrity), Sati (Truth), Sambhuti (Fitness), Smriti
Smriti
(Memory), Priti
Priti
(Affection), Kshama (Forgiveness), Sannati
Sannati
(Humility), Anasuya
Anasuya
(lit. without jealousy), Urjja (Energy), Swaha
Swaha
(Offering), and Swadha (Oblation).[3] Of these, the 13 married to Dharma
Dharma
are: Sraddha, Srilakshmi, Dhriti, Thushti, Pushti, Medha, Kriya, Buddhi, Lajja, Vapu, Santi, Siddhi, Kirtti. The other 11 are Khyati married to Bhrigu, Sati to Lord Shiva, Sambhuti to Marichi, Smriti
Smriti
to Angiras, Priti
Priti
to Pulastya, Kshama to Pulaha, Sannati
Sannati
to Kratu, Anasuya
Anasuya
to Atri, Urjja to Vasishtha, Swaha to Agni, and Swadha to Pitris.[4] According to Matsya Purana, Daksha
Daksha
and his wife Panchajani(Virani) had 62 daughters, not one of whom resembled their father. 10 of those daughters were married to Dharma, 13 to sage Kashyapa, 27 to Chandra, 4 to Arishtanemi, 1 to Kama, 1 to lord Shiva, 2 to sons of sage Bhrigu, 2 to sage Angiras, 2 to Krisasva.[5][6] According to Padma Purana, when Daksha
Daksha
felt the number of women are still not sufficient, he decided to have 60 more daughters. Sati was the daughter married to Shiva.[7] The 10 daughter's married to Dharma
Dharma
are (1) Maruvati, (2) Vasu, (3) Jami (4) Lamba, (5) Bhanu, (6) Urjja, (7) Sankalp, (8) Mahurath, (9) Sadhya, and (10) Vishva.[5][8] The 13 daughter's married to sage Kashyapa are (1) Aditi, (2) Diti, (3) Danu (4) Arishta, (5) Sursa, (6) Surabhi, (7) Vinata, (8) Tamra, (9) Krodhvasha, (10) Ira, (11) Kadru, (12) Vishva, and (13) Muni.[9][10] The 1 daughter married to Kamadeva
Kamadeva
was Rati. The 27 daughters married to Chandra are (1) Kṛttikā (the Pleiades), (2) Rohinī, (3) Mrigashīrsha, (4) Ārdrā, (5) Punarvasu, (6) Purbabhadrapada, (7) Pushya, (8) Asleshā, (9) Maghā, (10) Svāti (Arcturus), (11) Chitrā (Spica), (12) Purbaphalguni, (13) Hasta, (14) Rādhas, (15) Vishākhā, (16) Anurādhā, (17) Jyeshthā, (18) Mūla, (19) Purbashādha, (20)Uttarashara, (21) Sravana, (22) Uttarphalguni, (23) Satabhisha, (24) Uttarbhadrapada, (25) Revati, (26) Ashwini, (27) Bharani. These 27 wives of Chandra are 27 Nakshatras (the constellations) which are on the moon's orbit. Daksha
Daksha
found that Soma overly favored one daughter (Rohini) over the others, thus neglecting their needs and flouting his responsibilities. For this, Daksha
Daksha
cursed him to wither and die. Chandra Dev approached and worshiped Lord Shiva
Shiva
in order to be relieved of the curse, at Somnath. He gave Chandra the boon that in a month, he would grow for fifteen days in one half and in the other half he would keep losing one Kala (shade) per day and decrease in size. The place where Chandra Dev worshiped Lord Shiva
Shiva
came to be known as Somnath. Somnath
Somnath
means the "Protector of the Moon God". Legend has it that the first temple at Somnath
Somnath
was built by Chandra Dev himself. Story of Sati and Shiva[edit] Daksha
Daksha
is a Sanskrit
Sanskrit
word said to be a Prajapati
Prajapati
or one of the Brahma's sons. The equivalent meaning in English is "competent." One of the daughters of Prajapati
Prajapati
(often said to be the youngest) was Sati or Dakshayani, who had always wished to marry Shiva. Daksha
Daksha
forbade it, but Sati disobeyed him and did so anyway, finding in Shiva
Shiva
a doting and loving husband. Daksha
Daksha
disliked Shiva
Shiva
intensely, calling him a dirty, roaming ascetic and reviling the great yogi's cohort of goblins and ghouls.

Wikisource
Wikisource
has original text related to this article: The Mahabharata/Book 1: Adi Parva/Section LXV

Daksha
Daksha
Yagna[edit] Main article: Daksha
Daksha
yaga Daksha
Daksha
Yagna was an important turning point in the creation and development of sects in Hinduism
Hinduism
like Shaktism
Shaktism
and Shaivism. It is the story behind the 'Stala Purana' (Origin story of Temples) of Shakti Peethas. There are 51 (some say 108) Shakti Peethas
Shakti Peethas
shrines all over South Asia. The story made goddess Shree Parvati
Parvati
Devi
Devi
in the place of Sati Devi
Devi
and lead to the story of Lord Ganesha
Ganesha
and Lord Kartikeya.

Shiva
Shiva
carrying the corpse of his consort दाक्षायनि (सती) Dakshayani
Dakshayani
(Sati).

Daksha
Daksha
organised a huge yaga and intentionally avoided Shiva
Shiva
and Sati. Even though discouraged by Shiva, who told her not to go to a ceremony performed by Daksha
Daksha
where she and her husband were not invited; the parental bond made Sati ignore social etiquette and her husband's wishes. Sati went to the ceremony alone. She was snubbed by Daksha
Daksha
and insulted by him in front of the guests. Sati, unable to bear further insult, ran into the Sacrificial fire and immolated herself. Shiva, upon learning about the terrible incident, in his wrath invoked Virabhadra
Virabhadra
and Bhadrakali
Bhadrakali
by plucking a lock of hair and thrashing it on the ground. Virabhadra
Virabhadra
and Bhoota ganas marched south and destroyed all the premises. Daksha
Daksha
was decapitated and the yagnja shaala was devastated in the rampage. The Bhutaganas' celebrated victory by plucking the beard of 'Presiding Master' of the yagnja, Sage Bhrigu
Bhrigu
as a war souvenir.

Daksha
Daksha
sacrifice destroy by virabhadra made by mughal artist JAMSHED , a folio of Razmnama

Daksha
Daksha
was later forgiven and given life by fixing a ram (Male Goat)'s head and the yagna was allowed to complete, in all the divinities' presence. The story continues with the act of Vishnu
Vishnu
pacifying Shiva, who was in deep grief in seeing the half burned corpse of his beloved wife. Vishnu
Vishnu
embraced Shiva
Shiva
to pacify him. Shiva
Shiva
unable to part with Sati took her corpse and wandered. Vishnu
Vishnu
helped him get rid of this attachment by severing the corpse with his divine discus.The body parts of the corpse of Sati Devi
Devi
fell in the places Shiva
Shiva
travelled. The places where the body parts Sati Devi's corpse fell came to be known as Shakti
Shakti
Peethas.[11][12] See also[edit]

Hinduism
Hinduism
portal

Daksha
Daksha
Yaga Prajapati Kottiyoor, Kankhal, Draksharama Dakshayagnam (film)

References[edit]

^ Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary[1] ^ The Matsya Puranam P-I (B.D. Basu) English Translation Ch #3, Page 10 ^ Vishnu
Vishnu
Purana, Vol-I, H.H. Willson. Book-I,Ch-#7, Page 109 ^ Vishnu
Vishnu
Purana, Vol-I, H.H. Willson. Book-I,Ch-#7, Page 109-11 ^ a b The Matsya Puranam P-I (B.D. Basu) English Translation Ch #5, Page 17 ^ Matsya Purana (Sanskrit) Ch #5, Sloka 10-12 ^ Wilkins, W.J. (2003). Hindu Mythology. New Delhi: D.K. Printworld (P) Limited. p. 373. ISBN 81-246-0234-4.  ^ Matsya Purana (Sanskrit) Ch #5, Sloka 15-16 ^ The Matsya Puranam P-I (B.D. Basu) English Translation Ch #5, Page 18 ^ Matsya Purana (Sanskrit) Ch #6, Sloka 1-2 ^ the Horse-sacrifice of the Prajapati
Prajapati
Daksha
Daksha
The Mahabharata translated by Kisari Mohan Ganguli (1883–1896), Book 12: Santi Parva: Mokshadharma Parva: Section CCLXXXIV. p. 317. “I am known by the name of Virabhadra’’ and I have sprung from the wrath of Rudra. This lady (who is my companion), and who is called Bhadrakali, hath sprung from the wrath of the goddess.” ^ http://www.hindu.com/2006/06/17/stories/2006061708850500.htm

Dictionary of Hindu Lore and Legend (ISBN 0-500-51088-1) by Anna Dhallapiccola

External links[edit]

Lineage of Daksha, The Mahabharata/Book 1: Adi Parva/Section LXV

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