According to Hindu legend, Dakṣa (Sanskrit: दक्ष, lit. able,
dexterous, or honest one is one of the sons of Lord Brahma, who,
after creating the ten Manas Putras, created Daksha, Dharma, Kamadeva
Agni from his right thumb, chest, heart and eyebrows
respectively. Besides his noble birth, Daksa was a great kshatriya
king. Pictures show him as a rotund and obese man with a stocky body,
protruding belly, and muscular with the head of an ibex-like creature
with spiral horns.
2 Story of Sati and Shiva
3 See also
5 External links
According to the Puranas,
Daksha had 89 daughters
Vishnu Purana and Padma Purana,
Daksha and his wife
Prasuti had 24 daughters. The names of these 24 daughters are Sraddha
(Faith), Srilakshmi (Prosperity), Dhriti (Steadiness), Thushti
(Resignation), Pushti (Thriving), Medha (Intelligence),
Devotion), Buddhika[disambiguation needed] (Intellect), Lajja Gauri
(Modesty), Vapu (Body), Santi[disambiguation needed] (Expiation),
Siddhika (Perfection), Kirtti (Fame),
Khyati (Celebrity), Sati
(Truth), Sambhuti (Fitness),
Anasuya (lit. without
jealousy), Urjja (Energy),
Swaha (Offering), and Swadha (Oblation).
Of these, the 13 married to
Dharma are: Sraddha, Srilakshmi, Dhriti,
Thushti, Pushti, Medha, Kriya, Buddhi, Lajja, Vapu, Santi, Siddhi,
Kirtti. The other 11 are
Khyati married to Bhrigu, Sati to Lord Shiva,
Sambhuti to Marichi,
Smriti to Angiras,
Priti to Pulastya,
Sannati to Kratu,
Anasuya to Atri, Urjja to Vasishtha, Swaha
to Agni, and Swadha to Pitris.
According to Matsya Purana,
Daksha and his wife Panchajani(Virani) had
62 daughters, not one of whom resembled their father. 10 of those
daughters were married to Dharma, 13 to sage Kashyapa, 27 to Chandra,
4 to Arishtanemi, 1 to Kama, 1 to lord Shiva, 2 to sons of sage
Bhrigu, 2 to sage Angiras, 2 to Krisasva. According to Padma
Daksha felt the number of women are still not sufficient,
he decided to have 60 more daughters.
Sati was the daughter married to Shiva. The 10 daughter's married
Dharma are (1) Maruvati, (2) Vasu, (3) Jami (4) Lamba, (5) Bhanu,
(6) Urjja, (7) Sankalp, (8) Mahurath, (9) Sadhya, and (10)
Vishva. The 13 daughter's married to sage Kashyapa are (1)
Aditi, (2) Diti, (3) Danu (4) Arishta, (5) Sursa, (6) Surabhi, (7)
Vinata, (8) Tamra, (9) Krodhvasha, (10) Ira, (11) Kadru, (12) Vishva,
and (13) Muni. The 1 daughter married to
Kamadeva was Rati.
The 27 daughters married to Chandra are (1) Kṛttikā (the Pleiades),
(2) Rohinī, (3) Mrigashīrsha, (4) Ārdrā, (5) Punarvasu, (6)
Purbabhadrapada, (7) Pushya, (8) Asleshā, (9) Maghā, (10) Svāti
(Arcturus), (11) Chitrā (Spica), (12) Purbaphalguni, (13) Hasta, (14)
Rādhas, (15) Vishākhā, (16) Anurādhā, (17) Jyeshthā, (18) Mūla,
(19) Purbashādha, (20)Uttarashara, (21) Sravana, (22) Uttarphalguni,
(23) Satabhisha, (24) Uttarbhadrapada, (25) Revati, (26) Ashwini, (27)
Bharani. These 27 wives of Chandra are 27 Nakshatras (the
constellations) which are on the moon's orbit.
Daksha found that Soma overly favored one daughter (Rohini) over the
others, thus neglecting their needs and flouting his responsibilities.
Daksha cursed him to wither and die. Chandra Dev approached
and worshiped Lord
Shiva in order to be relieved of the curse, at
Somnath. He gave Chandra the boon that in a month, he would grow for
fifteen days in one half and in the other half he would keep losing
one Kala (shade) per day and decrease in size. The place where Chandra
Dev worshiped Lord
Shiva came to be known as Somnath.
the "Protector of the Moon God". Legend has it that the first temple
Somnath was built by Chandra Dev himself.
Story of Sati and Shiva
Daksha is a
Sanskrit word said to be a
Prajapati or one of the
Brahma's sons. The equivalent meaning in English is "competent." One
of the daughters of
Prajapati (often said to be the youngest) was Sati
or Dakshayani, who had always wished to marry Shiva.
it, but Sati disobeyed him and did so anyway, finding in
doting and loving husband.
Shiva intensely, calling
him a dirty, roaming ascetic and reviling the great yogi's cohort of
goblins and ghouls.
Wikisource has original text related to this article:
The Mahabharata/Book 1: Adi Parva/Section LXV
Daksha Yagna was an important turning point in the creation and
development of sects in
Shaktism and Shaivism. It is the
story behind the 'Stala Purana' (Origin story of Temples) of Shakti
Peethas. There are 51 (some say 108)
Shakti Peethas shrines all over
South Asia. The story made goddess Shree
Devi in the place of
Devi and lead to the story of Lord
Ganesha and Lord Kartikeya.
Shiva carrying the corpse of his consort दाक्षायनि
Daksha organised a huge yaga and intentionally avoided
Shiva and Sati.
Even though discouraged by Shiva, who told her not to go to a ceremony
Daksha where she and her husband were not invited; the
parental bond made Sati ignore social etiquette and her husband's
wishes. Sati went to the ceremony alone. She was snubbed by
insulted by him in front of the guests. Sati, unable to bear further
insult, ran into the Sacrificial fire and immolated herself. Shiva,
upon learning about the terrible incident, in his wrath invoked
Bhadrakali by plucking a lock of hair and thrashing it
on the ground.
Virabhadra and Bhoota ganas marched south and destroyed
all the premises.
Daksha was decapitated and the yagnja shaala was
devastated in the rampage. The Bhutaganas' celebrated victory by
plucking the beard of 'Presiding Master' of the yagnja, Sage
a war souvenir.
Daksha sacrifice destroy by virabhadra made by mughal artist JAMSHED ,
a folio of Razmnama
Daksha was later forgiven and given life by fixing a ram (Male Goat)'s
head and the yagna was allowed to complete, in all the divinities'
The story continues with the act of
Vishnu pacifying Shiva, who was in
deep grief in seeing the half burned corpse of his beloved wife.
Shiva to pacify him.
Shiva unable to part with Sati
took her corpse and wandered.
Vishnu helped him get rid of this
attachment by severing the corpse with his divine discus.The body
parts of the corpse of Sati
Devi fell in the places
The places where the body parts Sati Devi's corpse fell came to be
Kottiyoor, Kankhal, Draksharama
^ Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
^ The Matsya Puranam P-I (B.D. Basu) English Translation Ch #3, Page
Vishnu Purana, Vol-I, H.H. Willson. Book-I,Ch-#7, Page 109
Vishnu Purana, Vol-I, H.H. Willson. Book-I,Ch-#7, Page 109-11
^ a b The Matsya Puranam P-I (B.D. Basu) English Translation Ch #5,
^ Matsya Purana (Sanskrit) Ch #5, Sloka 10-12
^ Wilkins, W.J. (2003). Hindu Mythology. New Delhi: D.K. Printworld
(P) Limited. p. 373. ISBN 81-246-0234-4.
^ Matsya Purana (Sanskrit) Ch #5, Sloka 15-16
^ The Matsya Puranam P-I (B.D. Basu) English Translation Ch #5, Page
^ Matsya Purana (Sanskrit) Ch #6, Sloka 1-2
^ the Horse-sacrifice of the
Daksha The Mahabharata
Kisari Mohan Ganguli (1883–1896), Book 12: Santi
Parva: Mokshadharma Parva: Section CCLXXXIV. p. 317. “I am known by
the name of Virabhadra’’ and I have sprung from the wrath of
Rudra. This lady (who is my companion), and who is called Bhadrakali,
hath sprung from the wrath of the goddess.”
Dictionary of Hindu Lore and Legend (ISBN 0-500-51088-1) by Anna
Lineage of Daksha, The Mahabharata/Book 1: Adi Parva/Section LXV
Hindu deities and texts
Yoga Sutras of Patanjali