"Do it yourself" ("DIY") is the method of building, modifying, or
repairing things without the direct aid of experts or professionals.
Academic research describes DIY as behaviors where "individuals engage
raw and semi-raw materials and parts to produce, transform, or
reconstruct material possessions, including those drawn from the
natural environment (e.g., landscaping)". DIY behavior can
be triggered by various motivations previously categorized as
marketplace motivations (economic benefits, lack of product
availability, lack of product quality, need for customization), and
identity enhancement (craftsmanship, empowerment, community seeking,
The term "do-it-yourself" has been associated with consumers since at
least 1912 primarily in the domain of home improvement and maintenance
activities. The phrase "do it yourself" had come into
common usage (in standard English) by the 1950s, in
reference to the emergence of a trend of people undertaking home
improvement and various other small craft and construction projects as
both a creative-recreational and cost-saving activity.
Subsequently, the term DIY has taken on a broader meaning that covers
a wide range of skill sets. DIY is associated with the international
alternative rock, punk rock, and indie rock music scenes, indymedia
networks, pirate radio stations, and the zine community. In this
context, DIY is related to the Arts and
1 History 2 Home improvement 3 Fashion 4 Subculture 5 See also 6 References
Italian archaeologists unearthed the ruins of a 6th-century BC Greek
structure in southern Italy that came with detailed assembly
instructions and is being called an "ancient
See also: Home improvement
Shelves attached to a toy vehicle
The DIY movement is a re-introduction (often to urban and suburban
dwellers) of the old pattern of personal involvement and use of skills
in the upkeep of a house or apartment, making clothes; maintenance of
cars, computers, websites; or any material aspect of living. The
.mw-parser-output .templatequote overflow:hidden;margin:1em 0;padding:0 40px .mw-parser-output .templatequote .templatequotecite line-height:1.5em;text-align:left;padding-left:1.6em;margin-top:0 Our educational system, in its entirety, does nothing to give us any kind of material competence. In other words, we don't learn how to cook, how to make clothes, how to build houses, how to make love, or to do any of the absolutely fundamental things of life. The whole education that we get for our children in school is entirely in terms of abstractions. It trains you to be an insurance salesman or a bureaucrat, or some kind of cerebral character.
In the 1970s, DIY spread through the North American population of
college- and recent-college-graduate age groups. In part, this
movement involved the renovation of affordable, rundown older homes.
But it also related to various projects expressing the social and
environmental vision of the 1960s and early 1970s. The young visionary
Stewart Brand, working with friends and family, and initially using
the most basic of typesetting and page-layout tools, published the
first edition of The
Whole Earth Catalog
Fiberglass dome house, California, in style of the Whole Earth Catalog building techniques The first Catalog, and its successors, used a broad definition of the term "tools". There were informational tools, such as books (often technical in nature), professional journals, courses, classes, and the like. There were specialized, designed items, such as carpenters' and masons' tools, garden tools, welding equipment, chainsaws, fiberglass materials and so on — even early personal computers. The designer J. Baldwin acted as editor to include such items, writing many of the reviews. The Catalog's publication both emerged from and spurred the great wave of experimentalism, convention-breaking, and do-it-yourself attitude of the late 1960s. Often copied, the Catalog appealed to a wide cross-section of people in North America and had a broad influence. DIY home improvement books burgeoned in the 1970s, first created as collections of magazine articles. An early, extensive line of DIY how-to books was created by Sunset Books, based upon previously published articles from their magazine, Sunset, based in California. Time-Life, Better Homes and Gardens, Balcony Garden Web and other publishers soon followed suit.
Electronics World 1959, home assembled amplifier
In the mid-1990s, DIY home-improvement content began to find its way
onto the World Wide Web. HouseNet was the earliest bulletin-board
style site where users could share information. HomeTips.com,
established in early 1995, was among the first Web-based sites to
deliver free extensive DIY home-improvement content created by expert
authors. Since the late 1990s, DIY has
exploded on the Web through thousands of sites.
In the 1970s, when home video (VCRs) came along, DIY instructors
quickly grasped its potential for demonstrating processes by
audio-visual means. In 1979, the
Mennonite farmer's wife dressmaking (1942)
DIY amongst the fashion community is popular, with ideas being shared
on social media such as
Wikibooks has a book on the topic of: Do-It-Yourself
Look up do it yourself in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Do It Yourself (DIY).
Bricolage Circuit bending Edupunk Hackerspace Handyman Instructables Junk box Kludge Maker culture Number 8 wire Open Design Project GreenOman Prosumer Ready-to-assemble furniture 3D printing How-to
^ Wolf & McQuitty (2011). Understanding the Do-It-Yourself Consumer: DIY Motivation and Outcomes. Academy of Marketing Science Review
^ Wolf & McQuitty (2011)
^ Gelber (1997). Do-It-Yourself: Construction, Repairing and Maintaining Domestic Masculinity. American Quarterly. doi:10.1353/aq.1997.0007
^ McKellar, S.; Sparke, P. (eds.). Interior Design and Identity.CS1 maint: Uses editors parameter (link).mw-parser-output cite.citation font-style:inherit .mw-parser-output .citation q quotes:"""""""'""'" .mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free a background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center .mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration a background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center .mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription a background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center .mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration color:#555 .mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help .mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg/12px-Wikisource-logo.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center .mw-parser-output code.cs1-code color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit .mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error display:none;font-size:100% .mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error font-size:100% .mw-parser-output .cs1-maint display:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em .mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format font-size:95% .mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left padding-left:0.2em .mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right padding-right:0.2em
^ Newsletter of the Hellenic Society of Archaeometry, N.110, May 2010, p.84
^ Ancient Building Came With DIY Instructions, Discovery News, Mon Apr 26, 2010
^ Ancient Building Comes with Assembly Instructions, (photos), Discovery News
^ Watts, Alan et al. "Houseboat Summit" in The San Francisco Oracle, issue #7. San Francisco.
^ Wall Street Journal, September 2007
^ von Busch, O. Fashion-able, Hacktivism and engaged
^ "DIY guide to screen printing t-shirts for cheap". Retrieved 24 September 2007. Ever wonder where bands get their T-shirts made? Some of them probably go to the local screen printers and pay a bunch of money to have their shirts made up, then they have to turn around and sell them to you for a high price. Others go the smart route, and do it themselves. Here's a quick how-to on the cheap way to going about making T-shirts.
^ Pearce, Joshua M. 2012. “Building Research Equipment with Free, Open-Source Hardware.” Science 337 (6100): 1303–1304.open access
^ "Triggs, Teal (2006) Scissors and Glue: Punk Fanzines and the Creation of a DIY Aesthetic, in "Journal of Design History", vo. 19, n. 1, pp. 69-83". Retrieved 24 September 2007. Yet, it remains within the subculture of punk music where the homemade, A4, stapled and photocopied fanzines of the late 1970s fostered the "do-it-yourself" (DIY) production techniques of cut-n-paste letterforms, photocopied and collaged images, hand-scrawled and typewritten texts, to create a recognizable graphic d