HOME
The Info List - Düsseldorf


--- Advertisement ---



Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
(/ˈdʊsəldɔːrf/; German: [ˈdʏsl̩dɔɐ̯f] ( listen), Low Franconian, Ripuarian: Düsseldörp [ˈdʏsl̩dœɐ̯p]), often Dusseldorf in English sources, is the capital city of the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia and the seventh most populous city in Germany.[2] Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
is an international business and financial centre, renowned for its fashion and trade fairs.[3][4][5] The city is headquarters to one Fortune Global 500 and two DAX
DAX
companies. Messe Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
organises nearly one fifth of premier trade shows.[6] Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
is known for its academy of fine arts (Joseph Beuys, Emanuel Leutze, August Macke, Gerhard Richter, Sigmar Polke, and Andreas Gursky), its pioneering influence on electronic/experimental music (Kraftwerk) and its Japanese community. On the river Rhine, Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
holds Rhenish Carnival
Rhenish Carnival
celebrations every year in February / March.[7] It is one of the central cities of the Rhine-Ruhr metropolitan area. Mercer's 2012 Quality of Living survey ranked Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
the sixth most livable city in the world.[8][9]

Contents

1 History 2 Geography

2.1 Physical geography 2.2 Adjacent cities and districts 2.3 Climate

3 Demographics 4 Government

4.1 Mayors 4.2 Districts

5 Economy

5.1 Media

6 Transport

6.1 Airport
Airport
DUS 6.2 Railway 6.3 Taxi 6.4 Autobahn

7 Culture and recreation

7.1 Beer 7.2 Music and nightlife 7.3 Fashion 7.4 Carnival 7.5 Cartwheeler of Düsseldorf

7.5.1 Legends of its origin and history

7.5.1.1 Cartwheelers in the cityscape

7.6 Christmas
Christmas
Market 7.7 Cuisine 7.8 Literature 7.9 Rivalry with Cologne 7.10 Theatres 7.11 Museums, arts and history institutes, and other attractions 7.12 Parks and gardens

8 Sports 9 Education 10 Notable buildings 11 Notable places 12 Twin towns – sister cities 13 Notable Natives

13.1 Born before 1850 13.2 Born 1851–1900 13.3 Born after 1900 13.4 The following figures are not natives of the city, but have a connection to Düsseldorf

14 See also 15 References 16 Bibliography 17 External links

History[edit]

This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (December 2014) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

See also: Timeline of Düsseldorf When the Roman Empire
Roman Empire
was strengthening its position throughout Europe, a few Germanic tribes clung on in marshy territory off the eastern banks of the Rhine.[10] In the 7th and 8th centuries, the odd farming or fishing settlement could be found at the point where the small river Düssel
Düssel
flows into the Rhine. It was from such settlements that the city of Düsseldorf grew.

Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
in 1647

The first written mention of Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
(then called Dusseldorp in the local Low Rhenish dialect) dates back to 1135. Under Emperor Friedrich Barbarossa the small town of Kaiserswerth
Kaiserswerth
to the north of Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
became a well-fortified outpost, where soldiers kept a watchful eye on every movement on the Rhine. Kaiserswerth
Kaiserswerth
eventually became a suburb of Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
in 1929. In 1186, Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
came under the rule of the Counts of Berg. 14 August 1288 is one of the most important dates in the history of Düsseldorf. On this day the sovereign Count Adolf VIII of Berg granted the village on the banks of the Düssel
Düssel
town privileges. Before this, a bloody struggle for power had taken place between the Archbishop
Archbishop
of Cologne
Cologne
and the count of Berg, culminating in the Battle of Worringen.[citation needed] The Archbishop
Archbishop
of Cologne's forces were wiped out by the forces of the count of Berg who were supported by citizens and farmers of Cologne and Düsseldorf, paving the way for Düsseldorf's elevation to city status, which is commemorated today by a monument on the Burgplatz. The custom of turning cartwheels is credited to the children of Düsseldorf. There are variations of the origin[11] of the cartwheeling children. Today the symbol (Der Radschläger)[11] represents the story and every year the Düsseldorfers celebrate by having a cartwheeling contest. After this battle the relationship between the four cities deteriorated, because they were commercial rivals; it is often said that there is a kind of hostility between the citizens of Cologne
Cologne
and Düsseldorf. Today, it finds its expression mainly in a humorous form (especially during the Rhineland
Rhineland
Karneval) and in sports.[citation needed]

View of Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
with the church of St. Andrew in the centre, 1667, by Adriaen van de Velde

A market square sprang up on the banks of the Rhine
Rhine
and the square was protected by city walls on all four sides. In 1380, the dukes of Berg moved their seat to the town and Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
was made regional capital of the Duchy of Berg. During the following centuries several famous landmarks were built, including the Collegiate Church of St Lambertus. In 1609, the ducal line of the United Duchies of Jülich-Cleves-Berg died out, and after a virulent struggle over succession, Jülich and Berg fell to the Wittelsbach Counts of Palatinate-Neuburg, who made Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
their main domicile, even after they inherited the Electorate of the Palatinate, in 1685, becoming now Prince-electors as Electors Palatine.[citation needed]

Bond of the town Düsseldorf, issued 26. July 1899 [12]

The state parliament, seen from the top of the Rheinturm.

Rheinturm
Rheinturm
Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
70th Anniversary of the state NRW Illumination with Rheinkomet, including a real comet at the right side

Under the art loving Johann Wilhelm II (r. 1690–1716), a vast art gallery with a huge selection of paintings and sculptures, were housed in the Stadtschloss (city castle). After his death, the city fell on hard times again, especially after Elector Charles Theodore inherited Bavaria
Bavaria
and moved the electoral court to Munich. With him he took the art collection, which became part of what is now the Alte Pinakothek in Munich. Destruction and poverty struck Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
after the Napoleonic Wars. Napoleon
Napoleon
made Berg a Grand Duchy and Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
its capital. Johann Devaranne, a leader of Solingen's resistance to Napoleon's conscription decrees, was executed here in 1813. After Napoleon's defeat, the whole Rhineland
Rhineland
including Berg was given to the Kingdom of Prussia
Kingdom of Prussia
in 1815. The Rhine
Rhine
Province's parliament was established in Düsseldorf.[when?] By the mid-19th century, Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
enjoyed a revival thanks to the Industrial Revolution
Industrial Revolution
as the city boasted 100,000 inhabitants by 1882; the figure doubled in 1892. In 1920, Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
became the centre of the General Strike. On 15 April 1920, 45 delegates of the German Miners Union were murdered by the Freikorps.[13] The city was a target of strategic bombing during World War II, particularly during the RAF bombing campaign in 1943 when over 700 bombers were used in a single night. Raids continued late into the war. As part of the campaign against German oil facilities, the RAF raid of 20–21 February on the Rhenania Ossag refinery in the Reisholz district of the city halted oil production there. The Allied ground advance into Germany
Germany
reached Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
in mid-April 1945. The United States
United States
97th Infantry Division easily captured the city on 18 April 1945,[14] after the local German Resistance
German Resistance
group launched Aktion Rheinland. In 1946, Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
was made capital of the new federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia. The city's reconstruction proceeded at a frantic pace and the economic transformation guided Düsseldorf's economic growth.[citation needed] Geography[edit] Physical geography[edit]

Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
skyline

Promenade along the Rhine

Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
lies at the centre of the Lower Rhine
Rhine
basin, where the delta of the Düssel
Düssel
flows into the Rhine. The city lies on the east side of the Rhine, except District 4 (Oberkassel, Niederkassel, Heerdt and Lörick). Across the Rhine, the city of Neuss
Neuss
stands on the delta of the Erft. Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
lies southwest of the Ruhr
Ruhr
urban area, and in the middle of the Rhine-Ruhr
Rhine-Ruhr
metropolitan region. Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
is built entirely on alluvium, mud, sand, clay and occasionally gravel. The highest point in Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
is the top of Sandberg in the far eastern part of the city (Hubbelrath borough) at 165 metres (541 ft). The lowest point is at the far northern end in Wittlaer borough where the Schwarzbach enters the Rhine, with an average elevation of 28 metres (92 ft). Adjacent cities and districts[edit] The following districts and cities border Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
(clockwise starting from the north): the City of Duisburg, the District of Mettmann
Mettmann
(Ratingen, Mettmann, Erkrath, Hilden, Langenfeld, and Monheim), and the District of Neuss
Neuss
(Dormagen, Neuss, and Meerbusch). Climate[edit] Like the rest of the lower Rhineland, Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
experiences moderate winters with little snowfall and mild to warm summers. The average annual temperature is 10.6 °C (51 °F) with an average yearly precipitation of 797 millimetres (31 in). The dominant wind direction is from the west with velocities in the range of 3 to 4 m/s (7–9 mph), with gusts of 3.5 −4.8 m/s (8–10.7 mph). The wind is calm (defined as being under 2 m/s or 4.5 mph) about 35% of the time, more frequently at night and in the winter.[15][16]

Climate data for Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
(1990-2013)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 5.5 (41.9) 6.9 (44.4) 10.9 (51.6) 15.2 (59.4) 19.4 (66.9) 22.1 (71.8) 24.3 (75.7) 24.0 (75.2) 19.8 (67.6) 15.0 (59) 9.5 (49.1) 5.7 (42.3) 14.9 (58.8)

Daily mean °C (°F) 3.4 (38.1) 4.1 (39.4) 7.1 (44.8) 10.4 (50.7) 14.4 (57.9) 17.1 (62.8) 19.4 (66.9) 19.1 (66.4) 15.5 (59.9) 11.6 (52.9) 7.1 (44.8) 3.7 (38.7) 11.1 (52)

Average low °C (°F) 1.2 (34.2) 1.3 (34.3) 3.3 (37.9) 5.5 (41.9) 9.3 (48.7) 12.0 (53.6) 14.4 (57.9) 14.1 (57.4) 11.2 (52.2) 8.1 (46.6) 4.6 (40.3) 1.7 (35.1) 7.3 (45.1)

Average rainfall mm (inches) 61.1 (2.406) 55.7 (2.193) 54.6 (2.15) 50.8 (2) 57.6 (2.268) 71.5 (2.815) 77.0 (3.031) 74.5 (2.933) 100.5 (3.957) 65.3 (2.571) 66.1 (2.602) 71.1 (2.799) 805.8 (31.725)

Mean monthly sunshine hours 55.7 76.2 112.2 165.0 198.8 194.0 207.6 190.7 140.1 110.4 59.0 45.2 1,554.9

Source: www.weatheronline.de Source 2: Sun = http://meteo-climat-bzh.dyndns.org

Demographics[edit]

Ten largest groups of foreign residents[17]

Nationality Population (2017)

 Turkey 22,112

 Greece 13,873

 Poland 13,566

 Yugoslavia 12,998

 Italy 10,000

 Syria 6,518

 Spain 6,334

 Russia 5,655

 Japan 5,387

 Morocco 5,101

With a population of 612,178 within the city boundaries (31 December 2015),[18] Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
is Germany's seventh largest city. Its population surpassed the threshold of 100,000 inhabitants during the height of industrialisation in 1882, and peaked at just over 705,000 in 1962. The city then began to lose residents with many moving into neighbouring municipalities. However, since the late 1990s, the city's population has been slowly rising again. A total of 109,883[17] of Düsseldorf's population are foreigners (31 December 2008), the majority of whom come from within Europe
Europe
(81,742). The largest national minorities are Turks, Greeks, and Poles. Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
and its surroundings have the third-largest Japanese community in Europe
Europe
and the largest in Germany
Germany
(about 11,000 people).[19][20] Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
has the third-largest Jewish community in Germany, with about 7,600 members.[citation needed] Government[edit] Mayors[edit] Main article: List of mayors of Düsseldorf Districts[edit] Main article: Districts of Düsseldorf Since 1975, Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
is divided into ten administrative districts. Each district (Bezirk) has its own elected district council (Bezirksvertretung) and its own district mayor (Bezirksvorsteher). The district councils are advisory only. Each district is further subdivided into boroughs. There are 50 boroughs in Düsseldorf.[21]

District 1 (Stadtbezirk 1) Altstadt, Carlstadt, Derendorf, Golzheim, Pempelfort, Stadtmitte District 2 (Stadtbezirk 2) Düsseltal, Flingern-Nord, Flingern-Süd District 3 (Stadtbezirk 3) Bilk, Flehe, Friedrichstadt, Hafen, Hamm, Oberbilk, Unterbilk, Volmerswerth District 4 (Stadtbezirk 4) Heerdt, Lörick, Niederkassel, Oberkassel District 5 (Stadtbezirk 5) Angermund, Kaiserswerth, Kalkum, Lohausen, Stockum, Wittlaer

District 6 (de) (Stadtbezirk 6) Lichtenbroich, Mörsenbroich, Rath, Unterrath District 7 (Stadtbezirk 7) Gerresheim, Grafenberg, Hubbelrath, Ludenberg, Knittkuhl District 8 (de) (Stadtbezirk 8) Eller, Lierenfeld, Unterbach, Vennhausen District 9 (Stadtbezirk 9) Benrath, Hassels, Himmelgeist, Holthausen, Itter, Reisholz, Urdenbach, Wersten District 10 (de) (Stadtbezirk 10) Garath, Hellerhof

Economy[edit]

Rheinturm
Rheinturm
and Gehry-buildings Der Neue Zollhof
Der Neue Zollhof
in Hafen

Königsallee
Königsallee
in Stadtmitte

Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
has become one of the top telecommunications centres in Germany. With two of the four big German providers of mobile frequencies, D2 Vodafone
Vodafone
and E-Plus, Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
leads the German mobile phone market. There are many foreign information and communication technology companies in Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
such as Huawei, NTT, Ericsson, Nokia, and GTS.[citation needed]. There are 18 internet service providers located in the capital of North- Rhine
Rhine
Westphalia. There are two airlines with headquarters in the city: Eurowings
Eurowings
and formerly independent LTU International.[22] Many of the internet companies in Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
have their roots in the world of advertising: there are 400 advertising agencies in Düsseldorf, among them three of the largest in Germany: BBDO
BBDO
Group and Publicis. A number of affiliates of foreign agencies deserve mention as well, such as Ogilvy & Mather, Dentsu, Hakuhodo, and DDB. There are also about 200 publishing houses in Düsseldorf. There are around 170 national and international financial institutions, and about 130 insurance agencies, and one of Germany's eight stock exchanges. Several other major companies have their headquarters in the city: Peek & Cloppenburg (fashion); Uniper
Uniper
(electricity generation); L'Oréal
L'Oréal
Germany
Germany
(Cosmetics and Beauty); Henkel
Henkel
AG & Co. KGaA (Branded Consumer Goods and Industrial technologies); Metro (wholesale, retail); Ceconomy
Ceconomy
(retail); ERGO (insurance); Esprit Holdings (fashion, headquarters in Ratingen
Ratingen
near Düsseldorf); BASF Personal Care & Nutrition (formerly Cognis
Cognis
- chemicals, headquarter in Monheim near Düsseldorf, but production mainly in Düsseldorf).[citation needed] Daimler AG
Daimler AG
builds the Mercedes-Benz Sprinter light commercial vehicles in Düsseldorf. Since the 1960s, there has been a strong relationship between the city and Japan. Many Japanese banks and corporations have their European headquarters in Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
– so many that Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
has the third largest Japanese community in Europe, after London
London
and Paris.[19][20] The "Kö", which stands for Königsallee
Königsallee
("King's Avenue"), is a shopping destination. Some jewellery shops, designer labels, and galleries have their stores here. The Kö has among the highest rents for retail and office space in Germany.[23] Media[edit] Important newspapers and journals such as Handelsblatt, Rheinische Post, Wirtschaftswoche, Deutsches Wirtschaftsblatt and VDI-Nachrichten are published in Düsseldorf. Almost all of these papers are available online on the Internet. Renowned filmmaking companies, such as Germany's biggest cinema enterprise, the Riech-Group, and TV channels such as WDR and QVC
QVC
are located in Düsseldorf. The foundation Film- und Medienstiftung NRW is supporting the production of film and new media.[citation needed] In regards to movies and movie theatres in Düsseldorf, movie goers have the option to choose between multiple different languages at the theatre. Many mainstream movies are shown in English, Spanish, French, and German.[24] Transport[edit] Airport
Airport
DUS[edit]

Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
Airport

Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
Airport, also referred to as Rhein- Ruhr
Ruhr
Airport, is located eight kilometres (5.0 miles) from the city centre and can easily be reached by train or the S-Bahn urban railway. There is a long-distance train station served by regional and national services, which is linked to the airport by the SkyTrain, an automatic people mover. Another station situated under the terminal building carries the S-Bahn line (S11) to Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
Central Station, and to Cologne as well as a few selected night services. After Frankfurt
Frankfurt
and Munich, Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
International is Germany's third largest commercial airport, with 21,850,489 passengers annually (2014). The airport offers 180 destinations on 4 continents, and is served by 70 airlines. The airport buildings were partly destroyed by a devastating fire caused by welding works in 1996, killing 17 people. It was completely rebuilt and the Skytrain installed. Railway[edit]

Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
Straßenbahn and Düsseldorf Stadtbahn
Düsseldorf Stadtbahn
network, part of the Verkehrsverbund Rhein-Ruhr.

The city is a major hub in the Deutsche Bahn
Deutsche Bahn
(DB) railway network. More than 1,000 trains stop in Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
daily. Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
Central Station at Konrad-Adenauer-Platz is located in Düsseldorf-Stadtmitte. Several Rhein- Ruhr
Ruhr
S-Bahn lines connect Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
to other cities of Rhine-Ruhr. Local Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
Straßenbahn and light rail Düsseldorf Stadtbahn traffic, as well as local bus traffic, is carried out by the city-owned Rheinbahn
Rheinbahn
which operates within the VRR public transport system. The light rail system also serves neighbouring cities and is partially operated underground. The Central Station and the Airport Station (Flughafen-Bahnhof) are connected to the national and European high-speed systems (Intercity/Eurocity, IC/EC and InterCityExpress). Taxi[edit]

Officially licensed taxis are always ivory coloured

In Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
there are 1320 officially licensed Taxis. According to the regulations, the cars are always in ivory colour. On the back window you always find a black number on a yellow patch. Credit card payment has to be accepted at the Taxi stands at Airport
Airport
of Düsseldorf. The supply of taxis in Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
is over the German average[citation needed]. Two taxi organisations cover the market[citation needed]. "Taxi-Düsseldorf" offers more than 1180 cabs in different sizes for max. 8 Passengers. The smaller one is "Rhein-Taxi" with more than 120 cabs. It is obligatory to carry out any journeys to destinations in the city and directly neighbouring cities.[25] Autobahn[edit] North Rhine-Westphalia
North Rhine-Westphalia
has the densest network of autobahns in Germany and Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
is directly accessible via the A3, A44, A46, A52, A57, A59 and A524. Culture and recreation[edit]

This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (December 2014) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Elector Jan Wellem
Jan Wellem
and his wife Anna Maria Luisa de' Medici
Anna Maria Luisa de' Medici
of Tuscany, were patrons of Düsseldorf's first significant cultural activities in the 17th and 18th centuries. Heinrich Heine, whose 200th birthday was celebrated in 1997 and who originally had a proposed memorial in the city dedicated to him; Clara and Robert Schumann; and as Felix Mendelssohn, are the most prominent artists related to the city, which is home to a distinguished Academy of Fine Arts. The Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
cultural scene comprises traditional and avant-garde, classical and glamorous. The world-famous state art collection of North Rhine-Westphalia, the highly acclaimed Deutsche Oper am Rhein (opera), and the Düsseldorfer Schauspielhaus
Düsseldorfer Schauspielhaus
(theatre), artistic home of Gustaf Gründgens, are major elements of Düsseldorf's reputation as a centre of the fine arts. Beer[edit]

This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (December 2014) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
is well known for its Altbier,[26] a hoppy beer which translates as old [style] beer, a reference to the pre-lager brewing method of using a warm top-fermenting yeast like British pale ales.[27] Over time the Alt yeast adjusted to lower temperatures, and the Alt brewers would store or lager the beer after fermentation, leading to a cleaner, crisper beer. The name "altbier" first appeared in the 19th century to differentiate the beers of Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
from the new pale lager that was gaining a hold on Germany.[28] Brewers in Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
used the pale malts that were used for the modern pale lagers, but retained the old ("alt") method of using warm fermenting yeasts. The first brewery to use the name Alt was Schumacher which opened in 1838.[29] The founder, Mathias Schumacher, allowed the beer to mature in cool conditions in wooden casks for longer than normal, and laid the foundation for the modern alt – amber coloured and lagered.[30] The result is a pale beer that has some of the lean dryness of a lager but with fruity notes as well.[31] There are five pub-breweries in Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
which brew Altbier
Altbier
on the premises: Füchschen, Schumacher, Schlüssel, Uerige and Brauerei Kürzer. Four of the five are in the historic centre of Düsseldorf (Altstadt); the other (Schumacher), between the Altstadt and Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
Central railway station (Hauptbahnhof), also maintains an establishment in the Altstadt, Im Goldenen Kessel, across the street from Schlüssel. Each (except Brauerei Kürzer) produces a special, secret, seasonal "Sticke" version in small quantities, though the names vary: Schlüssel spells it "Stike", without the "c", while Schumacher calls its special beer "Latzenbier", meaning "slat beer", possibly because the kegs from which it was poured had been stored on raised shelves.[32] Füchschen's seasonal is its Weihnachtsbier (Christmas beer), available in bottles starting mid-November, and served in the brewpub on Christmas
Christmas
Eve.[33] Music and nightlife[edit]

Sensation White
Sensation White
New Year's Eve party, Esprit Arena

Since the 1950s the "Kom(m)ödchen" has been one of the most prominent political cabarets of Germany. The city's most famous contribution to the culture of modern popular music is beyond doubt the avant-garde electronic music band Kraftwerk. Formed by a few Düsseldorf-born musicians, Kraftwerk
Kraftwerk
are internationally known as the most significant band in the history of post-war German music and as pioneers in electronic music.[34] Internationally known power metal band Warlock was formed in Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
in 1982. Their frontwoman, Doro Pesch, has had a successful solo career in Europe
Europe
and Asia since Warlock ended. The punk band Die Toten Hosen, which is famous around the world, also the most popular singers[citation needed] in Germany
Germany
Westernhagen
Westernhagen
and Heino
Heino
come from Düsseldorf. The electronic act D.A.F. was formed in the city in 1978, as well as the electronic/industrial pioneers Die Krupps in 1980. The experimental post-punk group La Düsseldorf
La Düsseldorf
was named after the city, for which it paid with a legal case in the early 1980s. Another famous formation is Fehlfarben. Founded in the late 1970s by Peter Hein, Frank Fenstermacher, Kurt Dahlke and Michael Kemner. Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
appears is several songs, including Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
by the British indie band Teleman and Wärst du doch in Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
geblieben by Danish singer Dorthe Kollo. Fashion[edit] Düsseldorf, Germany
Germany
is the fashion capital of Germany
Germany
as it is a major cultural center for the art and fashion scenes. The fashionable clothes trend took root in this city before 1949. 1949 is the date of the first fashion show staged in Düsseldorf. Fashion
Fashion
trends have occurred as access to more elegant clothing for the general public has been a part of the culture for almost a century. Two times a year an event called the, “Voices of Fashion,” occurs and attracts many people to visit Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
to find the latest fashion items. There are famous designers that have made a name for themselves in Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
as well. Designers Sabine Schumacher, Peter O. Mahler, and Renate Harvan all design in Düsseldorf. To keep the creativity and passion for fashion alive in Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
everyday there are schools dedicated to fashion design in Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
as well. Akademie Mode and Design Institution, Design Department Academy, and Mode Design College are the three prominent fashion schools residing in Düsseldorf.[35] Carnival[edit] Main article: Carnival
Carnival
in Germany, Switzerland and Austria § Rhineland

Carnival
Carnival
in Düsseldorf

One of the biggest cultural events in Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
is the Karneval (also referred to as the "fifth season") which starts every year on 11 November at 11:11 a.m., and reaches its climax on Rosenmontag (Rose Monday), featuring a huge parade through the streets of Düsseldorf. Karneval ends on Aschermittwoch (Ash Wednesday). Cartwheeler of Düsseldorf[edit] Main article: Düsseldorf's cartwheeler The Düsseldorfer Radschläger (Boy who does Cartwheels) is said to be the city's oldest tradition. The symbol of the cartwheeler can be found on many souvenirs and various things in Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
have the cartwheelers to thank for their names. This tradition was honoured in 1954 by the erection of a fountain, called Cartwheeler's Fountain, on the Burgplatz in Düsseldorf.[citation needed] Legends of its origin and history[edit]

This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (December 2014) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

The tradition cannot be linked to one specific historical event, instead, there are several stories surrounding the beginnings of the Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
Cartwheelers. Probably the most well known version is Battle of Worringen. In the battle of 1288 Count Adolf devastatingly defeated the Archbishop
Archbishop
of Cologne. As a consequence of this victory, Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
obtained Town privileges. The inhabitants, especially the children ran joyfully on the streets and performed cartwheels. Another story talks about a wedding procession during which one of the wheels of the wedding carriage broke. In order to fend off the threat of bad luck, a boy supposedly jumped to the carriage, took hold of the wheel and thus became a living part of the wheel. Whether the story is about the marriage of Jan Wellem
Jan Wellem
and Anna Maria Luisa de' Medici
Anna Maria Luisa de' Medici
or the wedding of Margravine Jakobea of Baden
Jakobea of Baden
and Johann Wilhelm is debatable. Another story gives an account of this wedding between Margrave Jacobe von Baden and Johann Wilhelm, in 1585. According to legend she felt miserable about her marriage, but the cartwheelers who displayed their skills next to her carriage were able to make her smile. Numerous travelers were attracted to the city by great exhibitions - the forerunner of today’s fairs - between the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century. During this time the children who did the cart wheeling found out that it was a profitable source of income. The bourgeoisie accepted this in good humour as a symbolic act of local patriotism. In the beginning the lads shouted "för eene Penning schlage ich das Rad“ (cartwheel for a penny). The Jan Wellem monument returned to Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
at the end of the Second World War. The procession was accompanied by torches, fanfares and the cartwheeling boys. Cartwheelers in the cityscape[edit] Cartwheelers can be found by several fountains within the city. The most famous is Cartwheeler’s Fountain in Burgplatz with an inscription of a quote by Hans Müller-Schlösser: "Radschläger wolle mer blieve, wie jeck et de Minschen och drieve“ (We will always remain cartwheelers, however crazy it drives people.) The fountain was designed by Alfred Zschorsch in 1954 and donated by the Heimatverein Düsseldorfer Jonges, which is a club devoted to the maintenance of local and regional traditions. There are other cartwheelers that decorate storm drains and the door knocker on the Church of Lambertus, which was designed by Friedrich Becker. He created the cartwheeler in front of the Schadow Arcades.[citation needed] This tradition has been kept alive by the Alde Düsseldorfer Bürgergesellschaft von 1920 e. V., a society founded in 1920, who organized the first cartwheeler competition on 17 October 1937. Since 1971 this event has been held annually[36] in cooperation with the Stadtsparkasse (a local bank), but formerly took place in the Königsallee. Since 2006 it has taken place on the Rheinwerft, near the old part of town. This is a fixed date in the city’s calendar of events. About 500 boys regularly participate in this event and since 1971 girls have also taken part. In 2001 the art project Radschläger-Kunst (Cartwheeler Art) was called into life, in which over 100 cartwheeler sculptures have been designed by various artists. The door knocker on the Church of Lambertus functioned as a model for the sculptures that are 2 metres (6 feet 7 inches) high, 2 metres (6 feet 7 inches) wide and 30 cm (12 in) deep. They were positioned around the city centre. Some of the sculptures have been auctioned off to companies and private owners.[citation needed] Christmas
Christmas
Market[edit] Every Christmas, the city of Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
uses the city centre to host one of the largest Christmas
Christmas
gatherings in Germany. The Christmas festival occurs every year from 17 November until 23 December. This Christmas
Christmas
fest brings Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
a large portion of tourism every year as many people from nearby areas come to the city to drink mulled wine and hot chocolate and watch craftsman blow glass and create art. The event contains many small wooden buildings all clustered in the middle of the city for all the citizens to enjoy. The event, to many visitors, has an old European feel, but is very lively. Cuisine[edit]

Himmel un Äd "Heaven and Earth"

Traditional meals in the region are Rheinischer Sauerbraten
Sauerbraten
(a beef roast and sometimes horse marinated for a few days in vinegar and spices served with gravy and raisins) and Heaven and Earth (Himmel und Äd; black pudding with stewed apples mixed with mashed potatoes). In winter the people like to eat Muscheln Rheinischer Art (Rhenish-style mussels) as well as Reibekuchen
Reibekuchen
(fried potato pancake served with apple sauce). Also a special meal: Düsseldorfer Senfrostbraten (Steaks roasted with Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
mustard on top). Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
is known for its strong Dijon-like mustard served in a traditional pot called "Mostertpöttche", which was eternalised in a still life by Vincent van Gogh
Vincent van Gogh
in 1884.[37] The Rhine
Rhine
Metropolis is one of the most diverse areas in terms of culinary diversity. Düsseldorf, with the third largest Japanese community in Europe, not only provides a wide range of culinary cuisine but also has a solid foundation of Authentic Asian food in the city. Düsseldorf’s exceptional culinary cuisine has been recognized and visited by the Worldwide leading travel guide of Lonely Planet. Along with a broad range of diverse cultural cuisine, Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
is also home to various Michelin starred restaurants that are world renowned.[38] Alve Hahn - this dish is made from a half a double rye roll, which is another of the specialties of Düsseldorf, buttered, with a thick slice of aged Gouda cheese, onions, mustard, ground paprika and sour pickles. Himmel un Aad - a dish of mashed potatoes and apples along with slices of blutwurst. Caramelized onions are usually served with this meal. Reibekuchen
Reibekuchen
is another famous dish from Düsseldorf; this dish is usually drizzled with Rübensyrup (beet syrup) and is served on pumpernickel slices along with applesauce[39] Literature[edit] The Förderpreis für Literatur der Landeshauptstadt Düsseldorf is a German Literary award donated by the City of Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
in Northrhine-Westphalia.[40] The Prize for Literature in support of the City of Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
is awarded since 1972 by the Council of the City due to the decisions of the courts.[41] The Förderpreis für Literatur der Landeshauptstadt Düsseldorf is given once a year to artists and groups, especially to the areas of poetry, writing, review and translation.[42] Rivalry with Cologne[edit] Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
and Cologne
Cologne
have a "fierce regional rivalry".[43] The rivalry includes carnival parades, football, ice hockey and beer.[43] People in Cologne
Cologne
prefer Kölsch while people in Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
prefer Alt.[43] Waiters and patrons will "scorn" and make a "mockery" of people who order Alt beer in Cologne
Cologne
and Kölsch in Düsseldorf.[43] The rivalry has been described as a "love-hate relationship".[43] Theatres[edit]

Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
Schauspielhaus

Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
Tonhalle

Apollo (varieté, circus; shows do not require knowledge of German language) Capitol (musicals) Deutsche Oper am Rhein
Deutsche Oper am Rhein
(Opera; Ballet) Düsseldorfer Schauspielhaus; the theatre started with theatrical performances in 1585 Düsseldorfer Marionetten-Theater ESPRIT Arena (Venue of the Eurovision Song Contest
Eurovision Song Contest
2011) FFT – Forum Freies Theater (intimate theatre) Junges Theater in der Altstadt Klangraum (20th-century classical music) Kom(m)ödchen
Kom(m)ödchen
(Political cabaret) Komödie Düsseldorf Palais Wittgenstein Puppentheater an der Helmholtzstraße (puppetry) Robert-Schumann-Saal Savoy-Theater Seniorentheater in der Altstadt Tanzhaus NRW (theatre for dance) Tonhalle Düsseldorf
Tonhalle Düsseldorf
(concert hall for classical music, jazz, pop, cabaret) Theater an der Kö Theater an der Luegallee Theateratelier Takelgarn Theater Flin Theater Glorreich

Museums, arts and history institutes, and other attractions[edit]

Kunstsammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen
Kunstsammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen
– K20 (Grabbeplatz)

Kunstsammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen
Kunstsammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen
– K21 (Ständehaus)

Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
AquaZoo

Rheinturm

Building of the Folk high school (Volkshochschule) and the central library (Zentalbibliothek der Stadtbibliothek) of Düsseldorf

Akademie-Galerie (exhibition space of the Art Academy Düsseldorf) Andreaskirche Aquazoo-Löbbecke-Museum (aquarium and zoological museum)[44] TvTower[45] BRAUSE – Vereinsheim des Metzgerei Schnitzel Kunstvereins e.V. Film museum[46] Filmstiftung NRW (NRW Film Foundation) Forum NRW Goethe-Museum Heinrich-Heine-Institut Heinrich Heine
Heinrich Heine
Birth-house Hetjens Museum (German museum of ceramics) Imai – inter media art institute Institut Français Düsseldorf Institut für Kunstdokumentation und Szenografie[47] (Institute for Art Documentation and Scenography) Julia Stoschek Collection[48] (video art) KAI 10Raum für Kunst[49] Kulturbahnhof Eller[50] Kunstarchiv Kaiserswerth
Kaiserswerth
(works of Bernd and Hilla Becher/Kahmen Collection) Kunst im Tunnel
Kunst im Tunnel
(KIT)[51] Kunstsammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen
Kunstsammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen
(Art Collection Northrhine-Westphalia) – K20 (Grabbeplatz) and K21 (Ständehaus) Kunsthalle Düsseldorf Kunstverein für die Rheinlande und Westfalen (Society for the Promotion of the Fine Arts) Museum Kunst Palast Mahn- und Gedenkstätte für die Opfer des Nationalsozialmus (Memorial museum for victims of Nationalsocialism) Onomato[52] Polnisches Institut Düsseldorf[53] Puppentheater an der Helmholtzstraße Rathaus Reinraum e.V. – Verein zur Förderung von Kunst und Kultur Rheinturm
Rheinturm
( Rhine
Rhine
Tower; highest building and landmark of Düsseldorf) St. Lambertuskirche Schiffahrt Museum Schloss Jägerhof Schlossturm Schloss und Park Benrath (Palace and park of Benrath) Stadtbibliothek Stadtmuseum (City history museum) Statue of Jan Wellem Theatermuseum, Düsseldorf Triton Museum Volkshochschule Zakk[54] – cultural centre with concerts, readings, debates and party

Parks and gardens[edit]

Botanischer Garten Düsseldorf, a modern botanical garden Hofgarten The Nordpark, with the Aquazoo The Südfriedhof (The South Cemetery) Volksgarten adjacent to Südpark

Sports[edit]

The ISS-Dome, an ice hockey stadium opened in 2006

The Esprit Arena
Esprit Arena
(former LTU)

Logo during Eurovision Song Contest 2011
Eurovision Song Contest 2011
ESC

Racecourse, general view from east

Main Tribune of the Racecourse for horses/Galopprennbahn Düsseldorf

Düsseldorf's football team Fortuna Düsseldorf
Fortuna Düsseldorf
won the 1933 German championship, the German Cup
German Cup
in 1979 and 1980, and were finalists in the European Cup Winners Cup
European Cup Winners Cup
in 1979. After 15 years in lower leagues they were promoted following a play-off win over Hertha Berlin
Hertha Berlin
in 2012. As of 2014[update], they are back in the second division of German soccer. Their new stadium, the Esprit arena, opened in January 2005 and has a capacity of 54,500. Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
was one of nine host cities for the 1974 FIFA World Cup, and the Rochusclub Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
has hosted the tennis World Team Cup
World Team Cup
from 1978 till 2012.[citation needed] Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
also held the Grand Départ for the Tour de France
France
in July 2017.[55] Other sports in Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
are ice hockey (the Düsseldorfer EG
Düsseldorfer EG
which play in the new ISS-Dome) and American football. The Düsseldorf Panther are one of the most successful teams in Germany
Germany
with six German Bowl
German Bowl
titles and the Eurobowl
Eurobowl
victory in 1995. In addition the Junior-Team is the most successful youth department in Germany
Germany
with fifteen Junior Bowl victories. Rhine
Rhine
Fire Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
was an established team of the NFL Europe
Europe
and won the World Bowl
World Bowl
two times in 1998 and 2000. Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
has a successful rugby union team ( Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
Dragons), who as of 2017/18 play in the western division of the 2. Bundesliga, the second tier of German rugby.[56] Table tennis
Table tennis
is also played (Borussia Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
– the most successful team in Germany
Germany
with Timo Boll), as are handball (HSG Düsseldorf), basketball ( Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
Giants), baseball (Düsseldorf Senators) and dancing (Rot-Weiß Düsseldorf). Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
also has a Cricket
Cricket
team, the Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
Blackcaps, who play in the regional NRW league.[57] Education[edit] Heinrich Heine
Heinrich Heine
University Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
is located in the southern part of the city. It has about 20,000 students and a wide range of subjects in natural sciences, mathematics, computer sciences, philosophy, social sciences, arts, languages, medicine, pharmacy, economy and the law. Other academic institutions include

the Clara Schumann
Clara Schumann
Musikschule (music school) the Robert Schumann
Robert Schumann
Hochschule the Kunstakademie Düsseldorf[58] (Academy of Fine Arts) which is famous for high-profile artists like Joseph Beuys, Paul Klee, Nam June Paik, Gerhard Richter, the Bechers, and Andreas Gursky the Hochschule Düsseldorf[59] (University of Applied Sciences) the AMD Academy of Fashion
Fashion
and Design[60] the Max Planck Institute for Iron Research[61] the Goethe Institute[62] Verwaltungs- und Wirtschafts-Akademie Düsseldorf WHU-Otto Beisheim School of Management
WHU-Otto Beisheim School of Management
( Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
Campus)

International primary and secondary schools:

International School of Düsseldorf Lycée français de Düsseldorf Japanische Internationale Schule in Düsseldorf

Notable buildings[edit]

The Neuer Zollhof
Neuer Zollhof
at Medienhafen

Rheinturm
Rheinturm
(TV tower) the city's landmark (1982: 234 m [ 768 ft ], since 2004: 240.50 m [ 789.0 ft ]), the lights on which comprise the world's largest digital clock. The Gehry buildings in the Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
media harbour (see picture above). The Colorium, an 18-storey tower designed by Alsop and Partners, also in the Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
media harbour. The Benrather Schloss (Benrath palace). The Grupello-Haus
Grupello-Haus
probably designed by the Italian architect Matteo Alberti in 1706 for Duke Johann Wilhelm. The Wilhem Marx House
Wilhem Marx House
of 1922/24: at twelve storeys high, it was Germany's first high-rise building. The Stahlhof of 1906, the administrative centre of Germany's steel economy until 1945. The Stummhaus of 1925, another early German high-rise building. Gerresheim Basilica.[63] St Suitbertus Basilica.[64] DRV Tower, 120-metre-high (394 ft) tower constructed in 1978. GAP 15, an 85-metre-high (279 ft) building constructed in 2005 near Königsallee. ARAG-Tower, at 131 m (430 ft) in height, it is Düsseldorf's highest office building; designed by Sir Norman Foster. Eight bridges span the Rhine
Rhine
at Düsseldorf; they, too, are city landmarks. Eastern pylon of Reisholz Rhine
Rhine
Powerline Crossing, an electricity pylon under whose legs runs a rail.

Notable places[edit]

Benrath Palace, Corp de Logis

Kö (Königsallee), a shopping street with luxuries shops Schloss Benrath, rococo castle Altstadt (Düsseldorf), literally "old town", the historic town centre with the town hall Altes Rathaus from 1573. Nowadays Düsseldorf's entertainment district with hundreds of pubs and restaurants, and proverbially known by Germans as "the longest bar in the world". Düsseldorf-Hafen, the harbour is a modern build district Kaiserswerth, historical district with the ruined castle of Barbarossa Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor Schloss Heltorf, the biggest palace in Düsseldorf, since 1662 homestead of the noble family Grafen von Spee Hofgarten, old city park Schloss Jägerhof, an old hunting lodge at the Hofgarten, today a Goethe Museum

Twin towns – sister cities[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Germany Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
is twinned with:[65]

Chemnitz, Germany[65] Chongqing, China[65] Haifa, Israel[65][66] Moscow, Russia[65] Reading, UK, since 1947, officially since 1988[65][67] Warsaw, Poland, since 1989[65]

In addition, Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
has friendship relations with:[68]

Belo Horizonte, Brazil[68] Chiba, Japan[68] Guangzhou, China[68] Lillehammer, Norway[68] Mbombela, South Africa[68] Palermo, Italy[68] Shenyang, China[68] Toulouse, France[68][69]

Notable Natives[edit] Born before 1850[edit]

Heinrich Heine
Heinrich Heine
1831

Johann Georg Jacobi

François-Charles de Velbrück, (1719–1784), Prince-Bishop of Liège Helena Curtens, (1722–1738), last victim of the witch trials in the Lower Rhine Johann Georg Jacobi, (1740–1814), writer Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi, (1743–1819), philosopher and writer Peter von Cornelius, (1783–1867), painter Heinrich Heine, (1797–1856), poet and writer Paul Graf von Hatzfeld to Trachenberg, (1851–1901), Secretary of State and head of the Foreign Office
Office
of the German Reich 1881–1885 Eugen Richter, (1838–1906), today part of Berlin, politician and publicist Arnold Forstmann, (1842–1914), landscape painter Peter Janssen, (1844–1908), painter, professor at the Art Academy

Born 1851–1900[edit]

Georg Wenker

Georg Wenker, (1852–1911), linguist, founder of linguistic atlas of the German Reich (Wenkeratlas) Karl Janssen, (1855–1927), sculptor, professor at the Art Academy Fritz Reiss, (1857–1915), lithographer, illustrator, graphic artist and painter Bruno Schmitz, (1858–1916), architect Otto Hupp, (1859–1949), signature graphic artist, engraver Albert Herzfeld, (1865–1943), painter and author Hanns Heinz Ewers, (1871–1943), writer and filmmaker Wilhelm Levison, (1876–1947), historian Elly Ney, (1882–1968), world-famous concert pianist Carl Maria Weber, (1890–1953), writer Willy Reetz, (1892–1963), painter, " Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
School" Hermann Knüfken, (1893–1976), marine soldier, revolutionary, union activist, resistance fighter and secret agent Ludwig Gehre, (1895–1945) in Flossenbürg, officer and resistance fighter Hans Globke, (1898–1973), jurist, National Socialist, from 1949 Assistant Secretary, then Secretary of State in the Federal Chancellery (1953–1963) Arno Breker, (1900–1991), architect and sculptor best known for his public works in Nazi Germany
Germany
where they were endorsed as the antithesis of modern art Karl von Appen, (1900–1981), stage designer

Born after 1900[edit]

Helmut Käutner
Helmut Käutner
1960

Jacob Sporrenberg
Jacob Sporrenberg
(1902–1952), SS-group leader, lieutenant general of police and politician (NSDAP) executed for war crimes Toni Ulmen (1906–1976), motorcycle and car race driver Helmut Käutner
Helmut Käutner
(1908–1980), film director („Des Teufels General“, „Das Haus in Montevideo“), actor Hilarius Gilges (1909–1933), Afro-German actor, victim of Nazism Kurt Franz
Kurt Franz
(1914–1998), Nazi SS commandant of Treblinka extermination camp Fred Beckey
Fred Beckey
(1923-2017), rock climber, mountaineer, author Jürgen Habermas
Jürgen Habermas
(born 1929), philosopher and sociologist Wim Wenders
Wim Wenders
(born 1945), filmmaker, playwright, author Marius Müller- Westernhagen
Westernhagen
(born 1948), actor and musician Andreas Gursky
Andreas Gursky
(born 1955), photographer Bettina Böttinger
Bettina Böttinger
(born 1956), TV-presenter Birgitt Bender (born 1956), politician (The Greens), Member of Landtag and Bundestag Andreas Frege
Andreas Frege
(born 1962), „Campino“, singer in the band Die Toten Hosen René Obermann
René Obermann
(born 1963), manager, husband of Maybrit Illner Michael Preetz
Michael Preetz
(born 1967), former football-player Heike Makatsch
Heike Makatsch
(born 1971), actress and singer Christian Hellmich (born 1977), artist Tetsuya Kakihara (born 1982), voice actor and singer

The following figures are not natives of the city, but have a connection to Düsseldorf[edit]

William Thomas Mulvany, * 1806 Dublin, Ireland, † October 30, 1885 in Düsseldorf, entrepreneur Robert Schumann, born June 8, 1810 in Zwickau, † July 29, 1856 in Endenich, composer, 1850–1854 urban music director in Düsseldorf Alfred Rethel, born May 5, 1816 in Aachen; † December 1, 1859 in Düsseldorf, history painter Clara Schumann, born September 13, 1819 in Leipzig, † May 20, 1896 in Frankfurt
Frankfurt
am Main; pianist and composer, wife of Robert Schumann, frequent host of Johannes Brahms
Johannes Brahms
in Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
(1850–1854) Emanuel Leutze, born May 24, 1824 in Schwäbisch Gmünd, † July 18, 1868 in Washington, DC, painter, Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
School Louise Dumont, born February 22, 1862 in Cologne; † 16 May 1932 in Düsseldorf, actress and 1904 founder of the Schauspielhaus Düsseldorf Johanna "Mother" Ey, born March 4, 1864 in Wickrath
Wickrath
(today Monchengladbach); † August 27, 1947 in Düsseldorf, gallery owner Peter Behrens, born April 14, 1868 in Hamburg-Borgfelde, † February 27, 1940 in Berlin, architect and director of the Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
Art Academy Wilhelm Kreis, born March 17, 1873 in Eltville, † August 13, 1955 in Bad Honnef, architect and director of the School of Applied Arts Düsseldorf Peter Kürten, born May 26, 1883 in Mülheim
Mülheim
am Rhein, † July 2, 1931 in Cologne, called "The Vampire of Düsseldorf", committed in Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
during the period between February and November 1929 series of sexual homicide Adolf Uzarski, born April 14, 1885 in Ruhrort
Ruhrort
(today Duisburg), † 14 July 1970 in Düsseldorf, writer, painter and graphic artist Emil Fahrenkamp, born November 8, 1885 in Aachen, † 24 May 1966 in Ratingen-Breitscheid, architect and director of Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
Art Academy 1937–1945

See also[edit]

Japan
Japan
Day in Düsseldorf OPENCities 2017 Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
axe attack

References[edit]

^ "Amtliche Bevölkerungszahlen". Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW (in German). 18 July 2016.  ^ 1,525,029 inhabitants for the Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
Larger Urban Zone ^ "Communla Administration of Düsseldorf, 28 of July 2008" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 August 2009. Retrieved 16 April 2010.  ^ "Immobilien Zeitung: ''Mehr Räume für die große Modenschau'' vom 28. August 2008, 1 March 2009" (PDF). Retrieved 2010-04-16.  ^ "Cushman & Wakefield: European Cities Monitor" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 May 2012. Retrieved 4 June 2011.  ^ " Messe Düsseldorf
Messe Düsseldorf
Annual Report" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 July 2011. Retrieved 4 June 2011.  ^ 2010 survey by Jones Lang LaSalle; accessed 8 December 2014. (in German) ^ "Mercer's 2011 Quality of Living survey highlights — Global". Mercer. 2011-06-15. Archived from the original on 2011-05-13. Retrieved 2011-06-15.  ^ Woolsey, Matt (28 April 2009). "World's 20 Best Places To Live". Forbes.com.  ^ Weidenhaupt, Hugo: Kleine Geschichte der Stadt Düsseldorf, Triltsch-Verlag, Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
1979; ISBN 3-7998-0000-X. (in German) ^ a b Düsseldorfer Radschläger ^ Jörg Nimmergut: Historische Wertpapiere - Sinnvoll sammeln - garantiert gewinnen, p. 144-145, ISBN 3894410426 ^ Birchall, Ian H./Pierre Broué/Brian Pearce, The German Revolution 1917–1923, p. 278. ^ Stanton, Shelby, World War II Order of Battle: An Encyclopedic Reference to U.S. Army Ground Forces from Battalion through Division, 1939–1946 (Revised Edition, 2006), Stackpole Books, p. 174. ^ "Bezirksregierung Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
– Luftreinhalteplan (2004)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on September 22, 2006. Retrieved June 1, 2016.  ^ Klimaatlas – NRW (1989): Der Minister für Umwelt, Raumordnung und Landwirtschaft des Landes Nordrhein-Westfalens, Düsseldorf. ^ a b "Statistisches Jahrbuch der Landeshauptstadt Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
– Bevölkerung nach Nationalität" (PDF). Duesseldorf.de. Retrieved 13 July 2017.  ^ ""Amtliche Bevölkerungszahlen"". Information und Technik Nordrhein-Westfalen. Retrieved 6 October 2017.  ^ a b "Japanese Düsseldorf". VirtualTourist.com. 11 February 2003. Retrieved 6 December 2014.  ^ a b "Japantag in Düsseldorf: Welcome". Japantag-duesseldorf-nrw.de. Archived from the original on 17 February 2012. Retrieved 6 December 2014.  ^ "Landeshauptstadt Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
– Aus den Stadtteilen". Duesseldorf.de. Archived from the original on 6 November 2014. Retrieved 8 December 2014.  ^ ""Kontakt"". Archived from the original on June 6, 2000. Retrieved 2017-03-30. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) LTU International; retrieved 21 June 2009. ^ "Modemetropole Mit Internationalem Chic" (PDF). Web.archive.org. Archived from the original (PDF) on August 9, 2007. Retrieved 6 December 2014.  ^ Garry. "Movie theatres and cinemas showing original language films and movies, OV, OmU in Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
on Amazing Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
Amazing Capitals". www.amazingcapitals.com. Retrieved 2016-11-09.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2015-11-06.  Verordnung über die Beförderungsentgelte und Beförderungsbedingungen im Gelegenheitsverkehr mit den in der Landeshauptstadt Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
zugelassenen Taxen (Taxentarifordnung) (German) ^ Unknown. "Altbier". Brauer-bund.de. Archived from the original on 29 April 2007. Retrieved 8 December 2014.  ^ "Michael Jackson's Beer
Beer
Hunter – Copper-bottom ales halt lager tide in Germany". Beerhunter.com. Retrieved 8 December 2014.  ^ "Altbier". Germanbeerinstitute.com. Archived from the original on 13 March 2009. Retrieved 8 July 2009.  ^ " Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
Breweries". Europeanbeerguide.net. Retrieved 8 July 2009.  ^ Prost! The Story of German Beer, Horst D. Dornbusch, Brewers Publications, 1997, pp 109–110; ISBN 0-937381-55-1 ^ " Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
Pub Guide: the best beer bars, pubs and brewpubs". Europeanbeerguide.net. Retrieved 8 December 2014.  ^ Horst Dornbusch, Altbier, Boulder, CO: Brewers Publications. ^ "Fuchschen webpage on Weihnachtsbier". Archived from the original on 2008-01-27. Retrieved 2007-04-27. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) ^ Desperately seeking Kraftwerk; " Kraftwerk
Kraftwerk
were so far ahead of their time that the rest of the world has spent 25 years inventing new musical genres in an attempt to catch up. Another famous Synth-pop band to come from the city was Propaganda. House, techno, hip-hop, trip-hop, synthpop, trance, electroclash: Kraftwerk's influence looms over all of them. It's difficult to imagine what rock and pop music would sound like today if Kraftwerk
Kraftwerk
had never existed", The Guardian, 24 July 2003; accessed 8 December 2014. ^ " Fashion
Fashion
- Fashion
Fashion
& Shopping - Metropolis Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
- Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
Tourism". www.duesseldorf-tourismus.de. Archived from the original on 2016-11-09. Retrieved 2016-11-09.  ^ " Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
Christmas
Christmas
Market Christmas
Christmas
Markets". Christmas Markets. Retrieved 2016-11-09.  ^ " Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
Altstadt: Van Gogh, Stilleben mit ABB-Senf". Duesseldorf-altstadt.blogspot.com. 2007-01-25. Retrieved 2009-05-05.  ^ "Düsseldorf's culinary side - Metropolis Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
- Düsseldorf Tourism". www.duesseldorf-tourismus.de. Retrieved 2016-11-09.  ^ "Johannisbeeren and Schwarze Johannisbeeren - Redcurrant - Red and Black Currant". About.com Food. Retrieved 2016-11-09.  ^ Michael Bergmann. "Förderpreis für Literatur der Landeshauptstadt Düsseldorf". Duesseldorf.de. Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 8 December 2014.  ^ Förderpreis für Literatur der Landeshauptstadt Düsseldorf, Kürschners Deutscher Literatur-Kalender 2010/2011: Band I: A-O. Band II: P-Z.], Walter De Gruyter Incorporated, 2010, p. 1427. ^ Benutzername / E-Mail-Adresse. " Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
vergibt Kulturpreise". Rp-online.de. Retrieved 8 December 2014.  ^ a b c d e "Giving beer a home in the Rhineland". The Local. 28 July 2011. Retrieved 28 July 2011.  ^ "File:Dusseldorf AquaZoo Entrance.jpg - Wikimedia Commons". Commons.wikimedia.org. Retrieved 2014-08-17.  ^ "File:Dusseldorf-Tv Tower2.JPG - Wikimedia Commons". Commons.wikimedia.org. Retrieved 2014-08-17.  ^ "Filmmuseum". Duesseldorf.de. Archived from the original on 28 September 2011. Retrieved 8 December 2014.  ^ "iks-medienarchiv.de". iks-medienarchiv.de. Retrieved 8 December 2014.  ^ Julia Stoschek Collection Archived 2010-03-10 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "KAI 10 Raum für Kunst". Kaistrasse10.de. Retrieved 8 December 2014.  ^ "Kulturbahnhof Eller". Kultur-bahnhof-eller.de. Retrieved 8 December 2014.  ^ "KIT". Kunst-im-tunnel.de. Archived from the original on 18 September 2013. Retrieved 8 December 2014.  ^ "onomato künstlerverein". Onomato-verein.de. Retrieved 8 December 2014.  ^ "Polnisches Institut Düsseldorf". Polnisches-institut.de. Retrieved 8 December 2014.  ^ "zakk". Zakk.de. Retrieved 8 December 2014.  ^ http://www.letour.com/le-tour/2016/us/grand-depart-2017.html ^ RugbyWeb.de http://rugbyweb.de/index.php?league=BL2W. Retrieved 26 January 2018.  Missing or empty title= (help) ^ "Official Homepage". Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
Blackcaps. Retrieved 8 December 2014.  ^ "Official Homepage". Kunstakademie-duesseldorf.de. Retrieved 8 December 2014.  ^ "Fachhochschule Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
- Home". Fh-duesseldorf.de. Retrieved 8 December 2014.  ^ "AMD Akademie Mode und Design". Amdnet.de. Retrieved 8 December 2014.  ^ "Official homepage of the institute". Mpie.de. Retrieved 8 December 2014.  ^ "Deutsch lernen in Deutschland – Deutschkurse und Deutschprüfungen in Deutschland - Kursorte - Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
- Goethe-Institut". Goethe.de. Retrieved 8 December 2014.  ^ "Gerresheim Basilica". Archived from the original on 17 February 2012. Retrieved 8 December 2014.  ^ "St Suitbertus Basilica". Archived from the original on 18 June 2012. Retrieved 8 December 2014.  ^ a b c d e f g "Büro für Internationale Angelegenheiten - Städtepartnerschaften" (in German). Büro für Internationale Angelegenheiten, Landeshauptstadt Düsseldorf. Archived from the original on 2015-07-08. Retrieved 2015-04-08.  ^ "Twin City activities". Haifa
Haifa
Municipality. Archived from the original on 9 October 2007. Retrieved 8 December 2014.  ^ "Reading - Town Twinning". Reading Borough Council. Archived from the original on 17 December 2014. Retrieved 8 December 2014.  ^ a b c d e f g h i "Büro für Internationale Angelegenheiten - Städtefreundschaften" (in German). Büro für Internationale Angelegenheiten, Landeshauptstadt Düsseldorf. Archived from the original on 2015-07-07. Retrieved 2015-07-05.  ^ "Accords de coopération" (in French). Toulouse, France: Mairie de Toulouse. Retrieved 2015-07-05. 

Bibliography[edit] See also: Bibliography of the history of Düsseldorf External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Düsseldorf.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Düsseldorf.

 "Düsseldorf". Encyclopædia Britannica. 8 (11th ed.). 1911.  Wikidus.de The Wiki for Düsseldorf Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
Official English website of the city visitduesseldorf.de Official Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
Tourist Board dusseldorf.guide Unofficial Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
Guide Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
City Panoramas Burrying [sic] the Hoppeditz: Carnival
Carnival
in Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
at the Wayback Machine (archived January 13, 2007) The Lost City WW2 Bomb Damage 1942/3

Places adjacent to Düsseldorf

Krefeld Duisburg, Essen Dortmund

Mönchengladbach

Düsseldorf

Wuppertal, Kassel

Aachen Leverkusen, Bergisch Gladbach, Cologne, Bonn Siegen

Articles related to Düsseldorf

v t e

Capitals of states of the Federal Republic of Germany

Capitals of area states

Dresden
Dresden
(Saxony) Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
(North Rhine-Westphalia) Erfurt
Erfurt
(Thuringia) Hanover
Hanover
(Lower Saxony) Kiel
Kiel
(Schleswig-Holstein) Magdeburg
Magdeburg
(Saxony-Anhalt) Mainz
Mainz
(Rhineland-Palatinate) Munich
Munich
(Bavaria) Potsdam
Potsdam
(Brandenburg) Saarbrücken
Saarbrücken
(Saarland) Schwerin
Schwerin
(Mecklenburg-Vorpommern) Stuttgart
Stuttgart
(Baden-Württemberg) Wiesbaden
Wiesbaden
(Hesse)

City-states1

Berlin City of Bremen
Bremen
(State of Bremen) Hamburg

Capitals of former states

Freiburg im Breisgau
Freiburg im Breisgau
(South Baden, 1949–1952) Stuttgart
Stuttgart
(Württemberg-Baden, 1949–1952) Tübingen
Tübingen
(Württemberg-Hohenzollern, 1949–1952)

1 Unlike the mono-city states Berlin
Berlin
and Hamburg, the State of Bremen consists of two cities, thus state and capital are not identical.

v t e

Cities in Germany
Germany
by population

1,000,000+

Berlin Cologne Hamburg Munich

500,000+

Bremen Dortmund Dresden Düsseldorf Essen Frankfurt Hanover Leipzig Nuremberg Stuttgart

200,000+

Aachen Augsburg Bielefeld Bochum Bonn Braunschweig Chemnitz Duisburg Erfurt Freiburg im Breisgau Gelsenkirchen Halle (Saale) Karlsruhe Kiel Krefeld Lübeck Magdeburg Mainz Mannheim Münster Mönchengladbach Oberhausen Rostock Wiesbaden Wuppertal

100,000+

Bergisch Gladbach Bottrop Bremerhaven Cottbus Darmstadt Erlangen Fürth Göttingen Hagen Hamm Heidelberg Heilbronn Herne Hildesheim Ingolstadt Jena Kassel Koblenz Leverkusen Ludwigshafen Moers Mülheim
Mülheim
an der Ruhr Neuss Offenbach am Main Oldenburg Osnabrück Paderborn Pforzheim Potsdam Recklinghausen Regensburg Remscheid Reutlingen Saarbrücken Salzgitter Siegen Solingen Trier Ulm Wolfsburg Würzburg

complete list municipalities metropolitan regions cities with more than 100,000 inhabitants

v t e

Eurovision
Eurovision
Song Contest

History Host cities Languages Presenters Rules Voting Winners Winners discography

Contests

1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018

Countries

Active

Albania Armenia Australia Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium Bulgaria Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Georgia Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Israel Italy Latvia Lithuania Macedonia Malta Moldova Montenegro Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russia San Marino Serbia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland Ukraine United Kingdom

Inactive

Andorra Bosnia and Herzegovina Luxembourg Monaco Morocco Slovakia Turkey

Former

Lebanon Serbia and Montenegro Yugoslavia

Relations

Armenia–Azerbaijan Russia–Ukraine

National selections

Current

Albania Armenia Belarus Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Hungary Iceland Israel Italy Latvia Lithuania Malta Moldova Montenegro Norway Poland Portugal Romania Serbia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland Ukraine United Kingdom

Former

Austria Azerbaijan Belgium Bosnia & Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia Estonia Finland Greece

Ellinikós Telikós Eurosong - A MAD Show

Ireland

The Late Late Show You're a Star

Israel Latvia

Eirodziesma Dziesma

Lithuania Macedonia Malta Montenegro Netherlands Serbia and Montenegro Spain Switzerland United Kingdom Yugoslavia

Other awards

Marcel Bezençon Awards OGAE

OGAE
OGAE
Video Contest OGAE
OGAE
Second Chance Contest

Barbara Dex Award

Television and concerts

Eurovision Song Contest
Eurovision Song Contest
Previews Songs of Europe Kvalifikacija za Millstreet Congratulations: 50 Years of the Eurovision
Eurovision
Song Contest Best of Eurovision Eurovision
Eurovision
Song Contest's Greatest Hits

Category Portal

 Geographic locale

Lat. and Long. 51°14′N 6°47′E / 51.233°N 6.783°E / 51.233; 6.783

v t e

Urban and rural districts in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia
North Rhine-Westphalia
in Germany
Germany

Urban districts

Bielefeld Bochum Bonn Bottrop Dortmund Duisburg Düsseldorf Essen Gelsenkirchen Hagen Hamm Herne Köln (Cologne) Krefeld Leverkusen Mönchengladbach Mülheim Münster Oberhausen Remscheid Solingen Wuppertal

Rural districts

Aachen Borken Coesfeld Düren Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis Euskirchen Gütersloh Heinsberg Herford Hochsauerlandkreis Höxter Kleve (Cleves) Lippe Märkischer Kreis Mettmann Minden-Lübbecke Oberbergischer Kreis Olpe Paderborn Recklinghausen Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis Rhein-Erft-Kreis Rhein-Kreis Neuss Rhein-Sieg-Kreis Siegen-Wittgenstein Soest Steinfurt Unna Viersen Warendorf Wesel

v t e

World's fifty most-populous urban areas

Tokyo– Yokohama
Yokohama
(Keihin) Jakarta
Jakarta
(Jabodetabek) Delhi Manila
Manila
(Metro Manila) Seoul– Incheon
Incheon
(Sudogwon) Shanghai Karachi Beijing New York City Guangzhou– Foshan
Foshan
(Guangfo)

São Paulo Mexico
Mexico
City (Valley of Mexico) Mumbai Osaka–Kobe– Kyoto
Kyoto
(Keihanshin) Moscow Dhaka Greater Cairo Los Angeles Bangkok Kolkata

Greater Buenos Aires Tehran Istanbul Lagos Shenzhen Rio de Janeiro Kinshasa Tianjin Paris Lima

Chengdu Greater London Nagoya
Nagoya
(Chūkyō) Lahore Chennai Bangalore Chicago Bogotá Ho Chi Minh City Hyderabad

Dongguan Johannesburg Wuhan Taipei-Taoyuan Hangzhou Hong Kong Chongqing Ahmedabad Kuala Lumpur
Kuala Lumpur
(Klang Valley) Quanzhou

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 130105886 LCCN: n80057014 ISNI: 0000 0001 2156 9587 GND: 4013255-9 SUDOC: 026374633 BNF: cb11863436r (data) NDL: 00713335

North Rhine

.