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The Décapole
Décapole
(Dekapolis or German: Zehnstädtebund) was an alliance formed in 1354 by ten Imperial cities of the Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire
in the Alsace
Alsace
region to maintain their rights. It was disbanded in 1679. In 1354 Emperor Charles IV of Luxembourg ratified the treaty uniting the towns of Haguenau, Colmar, Wissembourg, Turckheim, Obernai, Kaysersberg, Rosheim, Munster, Sélestat
Sélestat
and Mulhouse.[1] Hagenau became its capital while the Imperial city
Imperial city
of Strasbourg, though venue of the league's diets, remained outside the alliance. The town of Seltz
Seltz
joined the league when it received immediate status in 1357, but had to leave it after its mediatization to the Electorate of the Palatinate in 1414. The affiliation at first discontinued after Charles' death in 1378, it was, however, re-established in the next year. The ten cities joined the Upper Rhenish Circle
Upper Rhenish Circle
in 1500. In 1515, Mulhouse
Mulhouse
pulled out of the alliance in order to associate with the Old Swiss Confederacy. They were replaced by the Palatinate city of Landau
Landau
in 1521.[1] The alliance was strongly shaken by the Thirty Years' War
Thirty Years' War
which ravaged the region, allowing King Louis XIV of France
Louis XIV of France
to conquer the cities according to the 1648 Peace of Westphalia. The signing of the Treaties of Nijmegen
Treaties of Nijmegen
in 1679 finally brought an end to the Décapole, when Alsace
Alsace
was annexed by France. Mulhouse
Mulhouse
remained an independent city and exclave of the Swiss Confederation until in 1798 it was annexed to the French First Republic. Landau
Landau
together with the Palatinate was given to Bavaria after the 1815 Congress of Vienna. See also[edit]

Lombard League Hanseatic League Swabian League Lusatian League

References[edit]

^ a b G. Köbler, Historisches Lexikon der deutschen Länder, 7th edition, C.H. Beck, Munich, 2007.

v t e

Décapole
Décapole
of the Holy Roman Empire

Alliance of ten Imperial cities of the Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire
in the Alsace region 1354-1679

Founding cities

Haguenau Colmar Wissembourg Turckheim Obernai Kaysersberg Rosheim Munster Sélestat Mulhouse

Other cities

Landau Seltz

Category:Alsace

v t e

  Alsace
Alsace
topics

Departments

Bas-Rhin
Bas-Rhin
(Strasbourg)

Arrondissement of Haguenau-Wissembourg Arrondissement of Molsheim Arrondissement of Saverne Arrondissement of Sélestat-Erstein Arrondissement of Strasbourg

Haut-Rhin
Haut-Rhin
(Colmar)

Arrondissement of Altkirch Arrondissement of Colmar-Ribeauvillé Arrondissement of Mulhouse Arrondissement of Thann-Guebwiller

Culture

Coat of arms Flag Anthem People Language Demographics Religion Musée alsacien

Hagenau Strasbourg

Alsace
Alsace
independence movement

Sports

RC Strasbourg
Strasbourg
Alsace Strasbourg
Strasbourg
IG SC Schiltigheim FC Sélestat Sélestat
Sélestat
Alsace
Alsace
Handball FC Vendenheim Étoile Noire de Strasbourg Internationaux de Strasbourg Rallye de France Alsace (Rallye Alsace-Vosges)

History

Germania Superior
Germania Superior
(Pagus Alsatiae) (83–475) Alemanni
Alemanni
(circa 213–496) Alamannia
Alamannia
(3rd-century–911) Duchy of Alsace
Alsace
(circa 630–699) Prince-Bishopric of Strasbourg
Prince-Bishopric of Strasbourg
(982–1803) County of Ferrette (11th-century–14th-century) Salm (1165−1793) Landgraviate of Alsace
Alsace
(1186–1646)

Lower Alsace Upper Alsace

Further Austria
Further Austria
(13th-century–1648) Décapole
Décapole
(1354–1679) County of Hanau-Lichtenberg
Hanau-Lichtenberg
(1456–1736) Upper Rhenish Circle
Upper Rhenish Circle
(1500-1679) Imperial Territory of Alsace-Lorraine
Alsace-Lorraine
(1871–1918) Gau Baden-Elsaß
Gau Baden-Elsaß
(1940–1945) Alsace
Alsace
(1945–2016) Grand Est
Grand Est
(2016–)

Alsace
Alsace
portal

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 201920177 GND: 4238213-0 SUDOC: 029686679 BNF: cb1212

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