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 British Empire

Cyprus
Cyprus
Colony

EOKA Supported by: Greece TMT Supported by: Turkey AKEL

Commanders and leaders

John Harding Georgios Grivas Rauf Denktaş Ezekias Papaioannou

Strength

c.25,000[1]-40,000[2] 300 fighters[3] fewer than EOKA[4]

Casualties and losses

457 dead[5] 90 EOKA
EOKA
confirmed dead ?

v t e

Cyprus
Cyprus
Emergency

1955

1 April Attacks Nicosia Cinema Bombing Police Station Attacks Kyrenia Castle Escape Battle of Famagusta Battle of the Pine Battle of Spilia Battle of Yialousa

1956

Battle at Nicosia Hospital Operation Lucky Alphonse

1957

Lepka Raid

1958

Battle of Lioepetri

The Cyprus
Cyprus
Emergency was a military action that took place in British Cyprus
Cyprus
primarily consisting of an insurgent campaign by the Greek Cypriot militant group, the National Organisation of Cypriot Fighters (EOKA), to remove the British from Cyprus
Cyprus
so it could be unified with Greece. Both the British and EOKA
EOKA
were in turn opposed by the Turkish Cypriot group Turkish Resistance Organisation
Turkish Resistance Organisation
(TMT), who rejected union with Greece. It led to Cyprus
Cyprus
being granted independence in 1960. In 1954 Britain announced its intention to transfer its Suez military headquarters (the office of the Commander-in-Chief, Middle East)[6] to Cyprus. The insurgency began on 1 April 1955. After a series of follow up incidents, the Governor General Sir John Harding declared a state of emergency on 26 November of that year.[7] The British encountered great difficulty obtaining effective intelligence on EOKA
EOKA
as the majority of the Greek Cypriot
Greek Cypriot
population supported and/or feared them. They were also hampered by a drain on manpower caused by the Suez Crisis
Suez Crisis
and Malayan Emergency. Towards the end of the 1950s the British enjoyed more success. Cyprus
Cyprus
became an independent republic in 1960 with Britain retaining control of two Sovereign Base Areas, at Akrotiri and Dhekelia.

Contents

1 See also 2 References 3 Further reading 4 External links

See also[edit]

Cyprus
Cyprus
portal

Malayan Emergency
Malayan Emergency
(1948–60) Kenyan Emergency (1952–60) Aden Emergency
Aden Emergency
(1967–70)

References[edit]

^ Find your ancestors in Cyprus
Cyprus
Emergency Deaths 1955 - 1960 ^ CYPRUS 1954-1959 SGM Herbert A. Friedman (R) and Brigadier General Ioannis Paschalidis ^ CYPRUS 1954-1959 SGM Herbert A. Friedman (R) and Brigadier General Ioannis Paschalidis ^ CYPRUS 1954-1959 SGM Herbert A. Friedman (R) and Brigadier General Ioannis Paschalidis "The TMT, though smaller and less well organized, followed EOKA
EOKA
tactics..." ^ Find your ancestors in Cyprus
Cyprus
Emergency Deaths 1955 - 1960 ^ Richard J. Aldrich, Ming-Yeh Rawnsley, The Clandestine Cold War
Cold War
in Asia, 1945–65: Western Intelligence, Propaganda and Special Operations, Routledge, 2013, 106. ^ "State Of Emergency Declared In Cyprus". The Central Queensland Herald (Rockhampton, Qld. : 1930–1956). Rockhampton, Qld.: National Library of Australia. 1 December 1955. p. 13. Retrieved 17 November 2013. 

Further reading[edit]

French, David (2015). Fighting EOKA: The British Counter-Insurgency Campaign on Cyprus, 1955–1959. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0198729341.  Holland, Robert (1998). Britain and the Revolt in Cyprus, 1954–1959. Oxford: Clarendon Press. ISBN 9780198205388.  Novo, Andrew R. (2010). On all fronts: EOKA
EOKA
and the Cyprus
Cyprus
insurgency, 1955-1959 (D.Phil Thesis). University of Oxford. 

External links[edit]

Cyprus
Cyprus
Exhibit at National Army Museum Cyprus
Cyprus
– Fighting the EOKA

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