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Csongrád
Csongrád
(Romanian: Ciongrad; Serbian: Чонград, translit. Čongrad, archaically also Црноград/Crnograd) is a town in Csongrád County
Csongrád County
in southern Hungary.

Pontoon bridge between Csongrád
Csongrád
and Csépa.

Rovas city limit sign near the pontoon bridge, featuring Hungarian runes.

Sandbank of the Tisza
Tisza
river near Csongrád.

The railway station.

Contents

1 History 2 Main sights 3 Tourism 4 Famous residents 5 International relations

5.1 Twin towns — Sister cities

6 References

6.1 Sources

7 External links

History[edit] At the time of the Hungarian Conquest (the end of 9th century) the Maros Valley was under Bulgarian control. The fortress was known as Chorniy Grad (Slavic term for 'black castle') and served as a Bulgarian-Slavic guard outpost.[5] Later King Stephen (1000–1038) made the town a state administration center, giving its name to a county. It remained a county seat till the Mongol invasion
Mongol invasion
of Hungary (1240–42). The town and fortress were badly damaged by the Mongols; king Béla IV
Béla IV
subsequently transferred the county seat to Szeged
Szeged
in 1247. The move significantly affected Csongrád's recovery. It did not become a town again until 1920.[6] Main sights[edit] The Main Square obtained its definitive shape in the first half of the 10th century, its streets are wide with many trees. The Main Street is lined by old plane trees. The road running along the grammar school in Secessionist
Secessionist
style leads to the old town. This part of the settlement, called Öregvár (meaning Old Castle), preserves the structure of a Hungarian fishing-village of the 18th century. The adobes and houses with puddle wall have thatched roofs, many of them are equipped inside with modern furniture. One building can be seen with original furniture (at Gyökér utca 1). The Tisza
Tisza
has a sand-bank which looks like a seashore. Another attraction of Csongrád
Csongrád
is the backwater generated by the river control works (Holt-Tisza), which houses several water-birds. In the wood strip on the left bank of the Tisza
Tisza
are the uncovered ruins of a Benedictine monastery
Benedictine monastery
founded in the 11th century. Tourism[edit] Csongrád
Csongrád
is a small and very pretty town especially at the summer time when there are lot to see and do. This town is very quiet and peaceful, people are very hospitable and friendly. As the town is small you can get everywhere on foot or if you prefer you can ride a bike, you can cycle through Csongrád
Csongrád
on the special bicycle lane. The greatest attraction in Csongrád
Csongrád
is the Tisza
Tisza
river bank. The river has a sandy beach and during summer hundreds of people come to bathe in the water. Csongrád
Csongrád
has spas and some swimming pools as well, both indoor and outdoor.[7] Csongrád's museums include:

Csongrád's traditional style house László Tari Museum [8] István Széchenyi Elementary School's collection of the region Gallery of Csongrád Művésztelep (Artists' park)

The permanent exhibition of the museum located in the center of the city awaits the visitors by presenting a material of town history. Less than hundred meters away from here the City Gallery can be found, where from time to time periodical exhibition of the Gallery the aquarelles of the painter-artist of Csongrád, János Piroska representing the brilliant technique of color-runout as light as air are shown.[9] There are several beautiful churches in Csongrád
Csongrád
that are worthy of a visit:

The Nagyboldogasszony (Holy Virgin) Church - situated in the main town square and built between 1762–69 Saint Rókus-church Piroskavárosi Saint Joseph Church Franciscan Abbey[10]

There are two main festivals in the summer time:

Csongrád
Csongrád
Wine Festival,[11] which is usually last for 3–4 days Körös-Toroki Days[12] which lasts for a week

Famous residents[edit]

Miloš Crnjanski, Serbian writer Geca Kon, Serbian publisher Pál Maléter János Piroska, painter

International relations[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Hungary Twin towns — Sister cities[edit] Csongrád
Csongrád
is twinned with:

Raisio, Finland Bečej, Serbia AGD union of cities, France Bełchatów, Poland[13]

References[edit]

István Sebestyén (1996): A Glance at Csongrád. Csongrád
Csongrád
a vizek és a parkok városa. Raszter Kft. Kiadó, Csongrád, Hungary

Sources[edit]

^ Csongrád
Csongrád
város honlapja: Tisztségviselők (in Hungarian)"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 18 November 2009. Retrieved 19 August 2009.  ^ Csongrád
Csongrád
város honlapja: Csongrád
Csongrád
történelme (in Hungarian)"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 12 September 2009. Retrieved 19 August 2009.  ^ Népszámlálás 2001: 4.1.1 A népesség számának alakulása, terület, népsűrűség, 1870–2001 KSH, 2001. (in Hungarian) [1] ^ Népszámlálás 2001: A nemzetiségi népesség száma. KSH, 2001. (in Hungarian) [2] ^ András Róna-Tas
András Róna-Tas
(1999). Hungarians and Europe in the early Middle Ages: an introduction to early Hungarian history. Central European University Press. p. 266. ISBN 978-963-9116-48-1.  ^ Steve Fallon; Neal Bedford (2003). Hungary. Lonely Planet. pp. 303–304. ISBN 978-1-74059-152-2.  ^ Csongrád
Csongrád
town's official website ^ László Tari Museum ^ Csongrád
Csongrád
town official website ^ List of churches in Csongrád ^ Csongrád
Csongrád
town Events Calendar Archived 5 April 2010 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Körös-Torok ^ " Portal
Portal
Bełchatów" [ Bełchatów
Bełchatów
- Partnership Cities]. Miasto Bełchatów
Bełchatów
[ Bełchatów
Bełchatów
town council] belchatow.pl (in Polish). 2010. Archived from the original on 13 June 2011. Retrieved 22 June 2011. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Csongrád.

Csongrád
Csongrád
town official website (Hungarian) Körös-Torok (Hungarian) List of churches in Csongrád
Csongrád
(Hungarian) László Tari Museum (Hungarian) Csongrád
Csongrád
town Events Calendar (Hungarian) Csongrád
Csongrád
at funiq.hu (English)

v t e

Towns and villages of Csongrád
Csongrád
District

Town
Town
(1)

Csongrád
Csongrád
(district seat)

Villages (3)

Csanytelek Felgyő Tömörkény

v t e

Csongrád
Csongrád
County

Cities with county rights

Hódmezővásárhely Szeged
Szeged
(county seat)

Towns

Csanádpalota Csongrád Kistelek Makó Mindszent Mórahalom Sándorfalva Szentes

Large villages

Algyő Ásotthalom Kiszombor Nagymágocs Szegvár

Villages

Ambrózfalva Apátfalva Árpádhalom Baks Balástya Bordány Csanádalberti Csanytelek Csengele Derekegyház Deszk Domaszék Dóc Eperjes Fábiánsebestyén Felgyő Ferencszállás Forráskút Földeák Királyhegyes Klárafalva Kövegy Kübekháza Magyarcsanád Maroslele Mártély Nagyér Nagylak Nagytőke Óföldeák Ópusztaszer Öttömös Pitvaros Pusztamérges Pusztaszer Röszke Ruzsa Szatymaz Székkutas Tiszasziget Tömörkény Újszentiván Üllés Zákányszék Zsombó

Other topics

History Geography Government Economy Culture Tourism

Coordinates: 46°42′41″N 20°08′25″E / 46.71129°N 20.14028°E /

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