Criccieth (Welsh: Cricieth [ˈkrɪkjɛθ]) is a town and community on
Cardigan Bay, in the
Eifionydd area of
Gwynedd in Wales. The town lies
5 miles (8 km) west of Porthmadog, 9 miles (14 km) east of
Pwllheli and 17 miles (27 km) south of Caernarfon. It had a
population of 1,826 in 2001, reducing to 1,753 at the 2011
The town is a seaside resort, popular with families. Attractions
include the ruins of
Criccieth Castle, which have extensive views over
the town and surrounding countryside. Nearby on Ffordd Castell
(Castle Way) is
Cadwalader's Ice Cream
Cadwalader's Ice Cream Parlour, opened in 1927,
whilst Stryd Fawr (High Street) has several bistro style
restaurants. In the centre lies Y Maes ("The Field", or town
square), part of the original medieval town common.
The town is noted for its fairs, held on 23 May and 29 June every
year, when large numbers of people visit the fairground and the market
which spreads through many of the streets of the town.
Famous people associated with the town include the British prime
minister, David Lloyd George, who grew up in the nearby village of
Llanystumdwy, and poet William George. Group Captain Leslie Bonnet,
RAF officer, writer and originator of the Welsh Harlequin Duck and
his wife Joan Hutt, artist; both lived at Ymwlch just outside
Criccieth from 1949 until their deaths in 1985.
Criccieth hosted the
National Eisteddfod in 1975 and in 2003 was
Fairtrade Town status. It won the
Wales in Bloom
competition each year from 1999 to 2004.
The town styles itself the "Pearl of
Wales on the Shores of
8 Lifeboat station
14 See also
16 External links
The earliest recorded form of the place name
Criccieth in Welsh is
Brut y Tywysogion
Brut y Tywysogion where reference is made to the imprisonment
Gruffudd ap Llywelyn
Gruffudd ap Llywelyn in the 'castle of Cruceith' (Middle Welsh
orthography: Kastell Krukeith). The form Cruciaith was used by
Iolo Goch in a famous 14th century poem addressed to Sir Hywel y
Fwyall, custodian of the castle. There are a number of theories as
to the meaning, but the most popular is that it comes from Crug Caeth:
caeth may mean 'prisoner' and thus the name could mean prisoner's
rock, a reference to the imprisonment of one of Llywelyn ab Iorwerth's
sons in the castle by his brother. However, caeth has the primary
Middle Welsh of 'serf[s]' and the name could refer to a
bond community nearby. In later medieval times the settlement was also
known as Treferthyr (martyr's town), probably a reference to Saint
Catherine, after whom the parish church is named.
The spelling of
Criccieth remains controversial today. Many regard
this version as an anglicism, arguing that the Welsh form Cricieth
should be used instead. Others argue that
Criccieth is simply an
anomaly in the Welsh language, in which there is no double C, and that
the spelling should be preserved. The dispute has
resulted in the vandalising of road signs at the entrance to the
Criccieth Castle, c.1778
Llywelyn ab Iorworth, who built
Criccieth Castle around 1230, with his
The area around
Criccieth was settled during the Bronze Age, and a
chambered tomb, Cae Dyni, survives on the coast to the east of the
town; it consists of seven upright stones, and there are 13 cup marks,
arranged in several groups. Evidence from other sites on the Llŷn
Peninsula suggests that the area was colonised by a wave of Celtic
settlers, who explored the Irish Sea, probably around the 4th century
Ptolemy calls the peninsula Ganganorum Promontorium (English:
Peninsula of the Gangani); the
Gangani were a tribe of Irish Celts,
and it is thought there may have been strong and friendly links with
Although it is thought that
Criccieth Castle was built around 1230 by
Llywelyn ab Iorwerth, who had controlled the area since 1202, the
first record of the building was in 1239, when the administrative
Eifionydd was moved from Dolbenmaen.
In the later years of his life, Llywelyn turned his attention to his
Welsh law stipulated that illegitimate sons had equal
rights with legitimate sons; Llywelyn sought to ensure that Dafydd ap
Llywelyn, his legitimate offspring, would inherit
Gwynedd in place of
his eldest, but illegitimate, son Gruffydd. On Llywelyn's death in
1240, Dafydd sought to secure his position. Dafydd was half English
and feared that his pure Welsh half-brother would be able to gather
support to overthrow him. Gruffydd was held prisoner in Criccieth
Castle, until he was handed over to
Henry III of England
Henry III of England in 1241, and
moved to the Tower of London.
Dafydd ap Llywelyn
Dafydd ap Llywelyn died in 1246, without leaving an heir, and was
succeeded by Llywelyn ap Gruffudd, his nephew.
Edward I had inherited
the English throne in 1272, and in 1276 declared Llywelyn a rebel. By
1277, Edward's armies had captured the Isle of Anglesey, and were
encamped at Deganwy; the settlement, the Treaty of Aberconwy, forced
Llywelyn to acknowledge Edward as his sovereign, and stripped him of
much of his territory. Dafydd ap Gruffydd, Llywelyn's younger
brother, attacked the English forces at
Hawarden in 1282, setting off
a widespread rebellion throughout Wales; Edward responded with a
further invasion of Gwynedd, during which Llywelyn was killed on the
battlefield at Cilmeri.
Criccieth Castle became part of a ring of castles surrounding
Edward I's newly conquered territories in Wales.
With the final defeat of Gwynedd, Edward set about consolidating his
rule in Wales.
Criccieth Castle was extended and reshaped, becoming
one of a ring of castles surrounding Edward's newly conquered
territories. A township developed to support the garrison and a
charter was granted in 1284; the charter was intended to create a
plantation of English burgesses who would provide food for the
soldiers from the arable land behind the Dinas and the grazings on the
slopes beyond. Weekly markets were held on Thursdays and there
were annual fairs on 25 April and 18 October, the evangelical feasts
Saint Mark and Saint Luke.
The new administration soon proved unpopular among the native Welsh,
and in 1294,
Madog ap Llywelyn led a national revolt against English
Criccieth was besieged for several months over the winter; 41
residents sought refuge within its walls, joining the garrison of 29
men under William de Leybourne, until supplies were brought in from
Ireland the following April. The following year, the castle was again
used as a prison, housing captives taken in Edward's wars against
Three Welshmen who had settled in the borough, which was supposedly
reserved for the English, were evicted in 1337, but times were about
to change. Hywel ap Gruffudd was appointed constable of the castle in
1359, the first Welshman to hold the post. The following year he
became mayor of the town, holding the office for twenty years; in a
poem of praise,
Iolo Goch described him as "a puissant knight, head of
a garrison guarding the land". By 1374 eight jurymen from the
borough had Welsh names.
Min-y-Mor was built to take advantage of the tourist trade following
the construction of the railway in 1868.
Richard II was deposed and imprisoned in 1399, and died in mysterious
circumstances the following year. Opposition to the new king, Henry
IV, was particularly strong in
Wales and Cheshire, and in 1400 serious
civil unrest broke out in Chester. Henry had already declared Owain
Glyndŵr, a descendant of the Princes of Powys, a traitor, and on 16
September 1400 Owain launched a revolt. He was proclaimed Prince of
Wales, and within days a number of towns in the north east of Wales
had been attacked. By 1401 the whole of northern and central
rallied to Owain's cause, and by 1403 villages throughout the country
were rising in support. English castles and manor houses fell and were
occupied by Owain's supporters. Although the garrison at Criccieth
Castle had been reinforced, a French fleet in the
Irish Sea stopped
supplies getting through, and the castle fell in the spring of 1404.
The castle was sacked; its walls were torn down; and both the castle
and borough were burned. The castle was never to be reoccupied, while
the town was to become a small Welsh backwater, no longer involved in
affairs of state.
The town expanded in the 19th century with the coming of new
transportation links. In 1807 a turnpike road was built from Tremadog
to Porthdinllaen, which was intended to be the main port for traffic
to Ireland; and with the construction of the Aberystwyth and Welsh
Coast Railway in 1868, the town began to develop as a Victorian
David Lloyd George
David Lloyd George was elected as Liberal Member
of Parliament for the
Caernarfon Boroughs in 1890. He was to hold the
seat for 55 years, during which he was Prime Minister from 1916 to
1922. He was renowned for his scathing wit; as one of the great
reformers of the 20th century; as a wartime leader; and for the
scandals that rocked his government. His position as a leading
statesman was to bring
Criccieth back into national and international
prominence; the town still has many locations connected with Lloyd
George and his family.
Criccieth in October 1927; a great storm in the Irish
Sea stopped the tidal flow, causing a double high tide. High seas and
strong on-shore winds destroyed houses at Abermarchnad, the pressure
of the waves punching holes through the back walls; the houses
subsequently had to be demolished and the occupants rehoused.
Edward I granted a charter to
Criccieth in 1284, creating a borough.
Criccieth became a borough under a charter granted by
Edward I in
1284, and was the capital of Cantraf Eifionydd. The first mayor was
William de Leybourne, who was appointed constable of the castle a
month after the charter was granted. The borough was left
unreformed by the Municipal Corporations Act 1835; a royal commission
reported in 1876 that the corporation had long been extinct; and it
was formally abolished in 1886.
Criccieth Improvement Act 1873 had created a board of improvement
commissioners to govern the town, and to take over the borough's
property; and from 1889 they formed a second tier of local
government below Carnarfonshire County Council. Under the Local
Government Act 1894 the improvement district became an urban district
with a directly elected council, while the remainder of the civil
parish was renamed Penllyn, and became part of Llŷn Rural District.
The urban district was extended between the world wars, taking in
parts of Penllyn and
Treflys in 1934, followed by part of Llanystumdwy
Criccieth Urban District was abolished in 1974, and the
town became part of
Dwyfor District in the new county of Gwynedd,
although the town retained limited powers as a community. Dwyfor
itself was abolished when
Gwynedd became a unitary authority in
The town now forms an electoral division of Cyngor Gwynedd, electing
one councillor; in 2008 Guto Rhys Tomos, an Independent, was
Criccieth Town Council has 12 elected members; in the
2008 elections ten Independent councillors and one representing Plaid
Cymru were elected unopposed.
Criccieth has been part of
constituency, and has been represented by
Hywel Williams of Plaid
Cymru since 2001. In the National Assembly for
Wales it has since
2007 formed part of
Dwyfor Meirionnydd assembly constituency,
represented by Dafydd Elis-Thomas, the Presiding Officer of the
assembly, and also from Plaid Cymru; the constituency forms part
of the electoral region of Mid and West Wales.
Gorse flowers throughout the year in Criccieth's temperate maritime
Criccieth is located in
Eifionydd on the
Cardigan Bay shore of the
Llŷn Peninsula. The town is south facing and built around the rocky
Criccieth Castle, which effectively divides the
shoreline in two at this point. The East Shore has a sandy beach with
a shallow area for bathing, whilst the Marine Beach, to the west, is
quieter and has a number of hotels and guest houses.
The rhyolitic headland on which the castle is built is strong and not
easily eroded. The cliffs to each side, however, are less resistant,
being made up of glacial drift, layers of boulders, stones, clay and
silt which were laid down during the last ice age. Sea walls were
already in existence at the time of the first
Ordnance Survey map in
1891, and the west shore sea wall had been extended and groynes built
by 1913. Extensive remedial work was completed in 1965, and the
defences were again strengthened in 1974 and 1985. In 1995 work was
started on improving the defences along The Esplanade, followed in
1997 by further work to replace the crumbling gabions below Lôn
Felin. Submerged forests occur in a number of places off the
Cardigan Bay coastline, including Criccieth; these are deposits of
peat, soil and tree remains and appear to be post-glacial coastal
lagoons and estuaries, which have been flooded by rising sea
The town has a temperate maritime climate which is influenced by the
Gulf Stream. Frost and snow are rare; the last serious snowfall, of 6
inches (15 cm), was in 1985. The climate results in a
luscious, green countryside and many delicate plant species grow wild;
gorse flowers throughout the year. One plant unusual to Criccieth
is lampranthus roseus, known locally as the Oxenbould Daisy and
introduced in the late 19th century by a resident of Min-y-Mor.
Climate data for Criccieth
Average high °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Average precipitation mm (inches)
At the 2001 Census,
Criccieth had a population of 1,826, of which
62.76 per cent were born in Wales, whilst 32.61 per cent were born in
England. 62.54 per cent of households were owner occupied, and
25.30 per cent were in rented accommodation.
Population change in Criccieth
In the 16th century, at the bottom of Lôn Felin stood the town's
mill, powered by water from a millpond near to the present level
crossing and fed from the Afon Cwrt.
The herring industry was important by the 19th century, with
horsedrawn carts converging on Abermarchnad to transport the catch to
neighbouring villages. There was also a coal yard and other
storehouses by the quay, where the Afon Cwrt enters the sea. Opposite
stood a lime kiln, with lime produced both for local use and export,
limestone for the kiln being unloaded from ships on the quay.
At the 2001 Census 54.18 per cent of the population were in
employment, while the unemployment rate stood at 3.81 per cent.
The proportion retired accounted for 22.99 per cent of the
inhabitants. Of those employed, 23.04 per cent worked in the wholesale
and retail trades and 19.86 per cent in hotels and restaurants.
Criccieth Castle dominates the town, standing on a rock overlooking
Cardigan Bay. Little survives of the original building, but the outer
defences are still prominent. The inner bailey contains the earliest
remains, including the inner gatehouse, which has two semi-circular
towers. It is thought that the original living quarters were in the
south west tower, overlooking the sea, and that the square north tower
supported a catapult.
To the south of Y Maes stands Caffi Cwrt, an early 18th century
detached stone house where the burgesses held court when rain
prevented them meeting in their usual location on the bridge. The
house has been owned by just two families since 1729. Two medieval
strip fields to the rear, Llain Fawr (large strip) and Llain Bella
(furthest strip), formed most of the smallholding of Cwrt but were
lost when the railway was built. Nearby, where the slate shop now
stands, was a smithy.
Criccieth Lifeboat Station was built in 1854.
On Penpaled Road is a cottage, Penpaled, built in 1820 on a plot lying
between two enclosed meadows. The meadows, Cae'r Beiliaid (bailiff's
field) and Llain y Beiliaid (bailiff's strip) were subsequently to
form part of the route of both the road and the railway.
Further uphill stand a 17th-century whitewashed cottage, Ty'r Felin,
and Foinavon, a yellow pebble-dashed building once owned by the Bird's
Morfin, on Tan-y-Grisiau Terrace was used as an office by David Lloyd
George whilst he was practising as a solicitor. Nearby, Ty Newydd, a
mid-16th century house, was originally built to house the estate
bailiff. Criccieth's first council houses on the adjacent Henbont Road
were built on land donated to rehouse families made homeless by the
1927 storm. Three 600-year-old cottages, originally thatched, make up
Wellington Terrace. They are thought to be the oldest in the town.
Ffordd Castell is within Yr Hen Dref, the original settlement.
Ffordd Castell is within the original settlement, Yr Hen Dref, though
most of the houses are Victorian. Ty Mawr, however, originally a
smallholding and later a public house, dates from the 16th century,
whilst on the opposite side of the street a long stone building,
divided into three cottages, Porth yr Aur, Trefan and Cemlyn, dates
from 1700. The Castle Bakery next door features a stained glass
insertion above the shop window which depicts bakers at work. In the
past nearby residents could bring their own dough to be baked in the
ovens. By the castle entrance Gardd y Stocs, a small green, was home
to the town's stocks, whilst the building that houses the castle
information centre was part of the town's guildhall.
The heart of the old town is Y Dref. It was here that the weekly
market was held, and it was also the venue for numerous political
Edward I granted lands north of the borough to the Bishop of Bangor,
and it is thought that Gardd yr Esgob on Lôn Bach formed part of
these. In the 19th century one of the town's abattoirs stood here. Tan
y Graig, a house at the end of a long garden, dates from at least
1800. Three 16th century fishermen's cottages stand in Rock Terrace.
Named Sea Winds, Ty Canol and Ty Isaf, they have 14th century
On the green at West Parade stands a shelter donated by Margaret Lloyd
George, the wife of the former prime minister.
David Lloyd George
David Lloyd George practised as a solicitor in Criccieth, and, before
the First World War, lived at Bryn Awelon.
Muriau on Lôn Fel includes a group of partly 17th century farm
buildings set around a square, which were converted into houses by
Elizabeth Williams Ellis of Chwilog. Muriau Poethion contains an early
spiral staircase going round a large inglenook fireplace. North of
Ffordd Pwllheli, several mansions are along the lane, now named Lôn
Fel Uchaf. Parciau was once owned by Ellis Annwyl Owen, rector of
Llanystumdwy from 1837 to 1846, whilst Parciau Mawr has a notable 19th
century hay barn. Bryn Awelon was the home of David Lloyd George
before the First World War, and later of his daughter Megan. Nearby,
on Arfonia Terrace, is Parciau Uchaf, a farmhouse dating from 1829.
Y Gorlan on Ffordd
Caernarfon formed part of the small estate of
Cefniwrch Bach, a hunting lodge for
Edward I at the time the castle
was being built, and is thought to have been a tannery in medieval
Ger y Maes, the end house on Holywell Terrace, is close to an ancient
well, Ffynnon y Saint, which supplied much of the town's water. The
house had a spring inside a cupboard, and ginger beer was manufactured
and sold. The house at the opposite end of the terrace was a dairy,
and to the south are the ruins of the former animal pound, where stray
animals were held before being sold.
The former National Westminster Bank on Stryd Fawr has step gables and
is a duplicate of a building at
Talgarth in Powys. On the south side
of the street are a number of 19th century shops, including the
Medical Hall, dating from 1875 and Siop Newydd, built in 1869.
At the eastern end of the Esplanade stands the Morannedd Café, built
in 1954 by Clough Williams-Ellis.
Talhenbont Hall is a Grade II listed manor house. It was built in 1607
was once the home of William Vaughan. In 1642, the owner William Lloyd
was arrested as a Royalist sympathiser as Cromwell’s men took over
the hall. In 1758 Talhenbont was the largest single owned piece of
land in the district of Eifionydd. The estate was occupied by Sir
Thomas Mostyn, the sixth baronet, from 1796. In 1884 the estate was
split into sections to pay off debts that had crept up during the
Napoleonic Wars. It is now operated as a holiday centre.
The RNLI lifeboat station stands on Lôn Felin and was built in 1854.
The crew of seventeen are all volunteers. The station has been in
existence since 1853.The current lifeboat, an Atlantic 85, is named
the Doris Joan. which was placed on service at the station on 6
November 2007. An Arrancia Inshore Rescue Boat "Margaret and
Nantw"(A-76) which arrived on 16 June 2011 also operates from the
station. The IRB is primarily used for work in the shallow waters of
the Glaslyn and Dwyryd estuaries.
Criccieth railway station
Criccieth railway station is on the Cambrian Coast Line.
Criccieth lies on the A497, the main road running through the southern
Llŷn Peninsula from
Porthmadog to Pwllheli. The B4411 runs north from
Criccieth to join the A487 near Garndolbenmaen, giving access to
Caernarfon to the north.
The town is served by
Criccieth railway station
Criccieth railway station on the Cambrian Coast
Pwllheli and Machynlleth. Trains, operated by Arriva
Trains Wales, run through to Shrewsbury,
Birmingham. The station, which is unstaffed, has been adopted by
the local community which provides flower displays, and has engaged
local artists to paint scenes of the town on the previously boarded up
Buses are operated by Arriva Buses Wales, Caelloi Motors and Express
Motors, serving Bangor, Beddgelert, Caernarfon, Pen-y-Pass, Porthmadog
and Pwllheli, while
National Express Coaches
National Express Coaches has a service from
Birmingham and London.
Primary education is provided by Ysgol Treferthyr on Lôn Bach, which
has 131 pupils. At the last school inspection by Estyn, in 2010, 7
per cent of pupils were entitled to free school meals and over half
came from homes where Welsh was the main spoken language. Welsh is the
main medium of teaching, and 94% of the pupils can speak Welsh.
Secondary school pupils mainly attend Ysgol
Criccieth is a predominantly Welsh speaking community, with 64.2% of
residents aged three and over being able to speak the language
according to the 2011 Census.
The Memorial Hall, fronting Y Maes, is a venue for concerts, dramas
and other community events and the main venue during the annual
Criccieth Festival. It was designed by Morris Roberts of
a fusion of the art deco and arts and crafts architectural styles and
completed in 1925, the foundation stone having been laid in 1922 by
David Lloyd George.
The construction of
Criccieth Library on Stryd Fawr was financed by
Andrew Carnegie. A plaque inside the doorway commemorates local
historian Colin Gresham. Among the services provided is free
National Eisteddfod was held in
Criccieth in 1975, and a new
housing estate, Gorseddfa marks the place where the
The Brynhir Arms on Stryd Fawr dates from 1631. Originally a single
storey farm building, it was extended in 1840 to serve the new
Lion Hotel, built in 1731, was where the town's councillors would
retire after their meetings.
The Lion Hotel, an old coaching inn, was built on Y Maes in 1731. It
was here that the town's councillors would retire after their meetings
Several of the town's hotels, including the Marine Hotel on Min-y-Mor
and the Caerwylan Hotel on Min-y-Traeth, date from the period after
Porthmadog's new harbour was developed in 1811, when prosperous sea
captains invested in properties where their wives could provide
accommodation during the summer months.
An inn had reputedly existed on the site of the George IV Hotel in
1600, but the present building on Stryd Fawr dates from 1830, shortly
after the turnpike opened. In the 1920s the hotel boasted that it
generated its own electricity, and, for a fee, it offered a fire and
private bath in guests' rooms. Servants could stay at reduced rates
when accompanying their masters.
Dwyfor stages performances at the Holiday Club Hall,
ranging from traditional folk to opera and chamber music.
Côr Eifionydd, a mixed voice choir, was formed in 1986 to compete in
National Eisteddfod at
Porthmadog the following year. Conducted by
Pat Jones, originally from Newcastle Emlyn, the choir has won a number
of first prizes at the National Eisteddfod. They have toured
internationally and have sung in the International Choral Festival in
Actor Dyfan Dwyfor, who won the Richard Burton Award at the National
Eisteddfod in 2004, is from Criccieth.
It used to be the custom, on Easter Sunday morning, for keys or pins
to be thrown into Ffynnon
Fair as an offering to Saint Catherine.
The town features in Welsh Incident, a humorous poem published in 1950
by Robert Graves, which tells of the mysterious creatures that
supposedly, one Tuesday afternoon, "... came out / From the sea caves
Criccieth yonder." It is also the subject of Shipwrecked
Mariners, a painting by English Romantic landscape painter Joseph
Mallord William Turner; the painting uses his sketch of Criccieth
Castle but, although the rock is depicted correctly, the building is a
There is a local legend that a piper named Dic, and two fiddlers named
Twm and Ned, were once lured into a nearby cave by fairies. They were
not seen again, but their music could still occasionally been heard
coming from the cave.
Griffith Jones founded a Circulating School that visited
1749. Out of a population of 600, the school taught 543 illiterates to
Religion has been an important part of Criccieth's life since early
days, and around 1300 St Catherine's Parish Church was built on what
is thought to be the site of an early religious foundation. As the
town developed so did the church, and in 1500 an extra nave was
added. The church was restored in 1869 by Henry Kennedy and
Gustavus O'Donoghue of Bangor It contains wooden panelling made
from old box pews and a communion table dating from the 17th century.
On the wall is a list of rectors stretching back to 1301. In the
graveyard, the oldest stone commemorates the death in 1688 of Robert
Ellis who was Groom of the Privy Chamber in Ordinarie to Catarina de
Bragança, the wife of Charles II. Outside the west door is a sundial
dating from 1734 with distances to ports in all directions.
In 1749 St Catherine's was one of the buildings visited by Griffith
Jones's Circulating School. Out of a population of 600, 543
illiterates were taught to read so that they would be able to
understand the Bible.
Baptists moved to a new home at Berea in 1886.
The nearby Rectory was built in 1831 by John Jones, son of the then
rector Owen Jones, who had offered to have the house built if his son
could succeed to the position. However, Erasmus Parry, rector from
1863 to 1884, was the first to officially live there.
St Deiniol's Church was completed in 1887 by the
Douglas & Fordham. Built as a chapel of ease for St
Catherine's, it was financed by the Greaves family for the use of
English speaking visitors as services at the parish church were held
in Welsh. It eventually closed in 1988, its pipe organ being
Sydney in Australia.
By the 19th century
Wales was a predominantly nonconformist country,
and this pattern was mirrored in
Criccieth with the construction of a
number of dissenting chapels. The
Congregationalists had met on Castle
Hill but 1886 saw the building of Jerusalem Congregational Chapel on
Previously known as Capel Seion, in 1995 Capel y Traeth was renamed
when the Calvinistic Methodist congregations were reunited.
Capel Uchaf on Ffordd
Caernarfon was built in 1791 by the Scottish
Baptists. In 1841 the congregation broke away to become Particular
Baptists, followers of Alexander Campbell and the Disciples of Christ.
David Lloyd George's uncle often preached here and it was from the
steps opposite, leading down into the Afon Cwrt, that the future prime
minister was baptised. 1886 saw the Particular
Baptists move to their
new home at Berea on Tan-y-Grisiau Terrace, and in 1939 they joined
the mainstream Baptists.
Salem Methodist Chapel was built in 1901.
Calvinistic Methodists originally met at Tan y Graig on Lôn Fach
but moved to Tal Sarnau, a house on the site of the Memorial Hall.
From here they moved again, to a site on Stryd Fawr, rapidly
outgrowing the small chapel. The neo-classical Capel Mawr was built on
the same site in 1813. A second chapel, Capel y Traeth on Penpaled
Road, with a notable porticoed facade, was built at a cost of £2,040
in 1895 by Owen Roberts of Porthmadog. Previously known as Capel
Seion, it was renamed in 1995 when the congregation merged with that
of Capel Mawr, reuniting the two congregations that had separated in
Salem Methodist Chapel was built on Salem Terrace in 1901. It is now a
chapel of rest.
Roman Catholics worship at the Church of the Holy Spirit on Ffordd
Criccieth Family Church meets at the Holiday
Club Hall on Lôn Ednyfed.
For over a hundred years community hymn singing has taken place on
Sunday evenings on the small green at Abermarchnad, the site of the
old market of the original fishing village.
At the 2001 census 82.19 percent of the population claimed to be
Christian, whilst 12.40 percent stated that they had no religion.
Criccieth Tennis Club can claim to be one of the oldest clubs in
existence today. It began in 1882 in the grounds of Parciau Mawr and
transferred to its present site in 1884. It was first affiliated to
Lawn Tennis Association
Lawn Tennis Association in 1896. Fifty-one open tournaments were
held up to 1939, with players competing for the North Wales
Championships. Notables who played here included
John Boynton Priestley, the novelist, playwright and broadcaster;
Frank Riseley who partnered
Sydney Smith and won the Men's Double
Championship at Wimbledon in 1902 and 1906; his brother Bob Riseley
who was on the Wimbledon Committee of Management for many years; Dodd
and Mellet of South Africa;
Dorothy Round Little
Dorothy Round Little who was Ladies'
Singles Champion at Wimbledon in 1934 and 1937 and Mixed Doubles
Champion in 1934, 1935 and 1936; Commander Philip Glover, Royal Navy
champion; Thelma Cazalet-Keir, the Conservative feminist politician;
Alan Davies; Duncan Macaulay, who was Secretary of the All England
Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club from 1946 to 1963; and Megan Lloyd
George, the Liberal Party's Deputy Leader from 1949 to 1952.
Golf started in
Criccieth with a few holes on Caerdyni Hill, but in
Criccieth Golf Club opened. It is an undulating nine-hole
course on natural terrain with views of the coast and the mountains of
Snowdonia. The penultimate hole is a challenging par 4 with a green 75
feet (23 m) above the tee, whilst the finishing hole is just 100
yards (91 m) long with the green 100 feet (30 m) below the
tee. The club holds the distinction of having three British prime
ministers, Bonar Law,
David Lloyd George
David Lloyd George and Winston Churchill, play
the course on the same day.
The East Shore has a sandy beach, with a safe shallow area for
The town is a popular venue for sea anglers. From the East Shore,
bass, dogfish, mackerel and whiting can be caught. The Stone Jetty, in
addition, is a good spot for conger, pollock and wrasse dabs, whilst
bass, dogfish, mackerel, pollock and whiting can all also be found
from the Marine Beach.
Llanystumdwy and District Angling Association, formed in
1927, controls the fishing rights on 8 miles (13 km) of the Afon
Dwyfor and Afon Dwyfach. Each year between 2,000 and 3,000 sea trout
and 30 to 40 salmon are caught; the association runs a hatchery
where between 8,000 and 10,000 sea trout are reared annually.
Gloddfa Lake, a disused quarry pool on
Criccieth Golf Course, is a
location for coarse fishing, with catches of rudd, roach and eels.
Bathing is popular, particularly on the East Shore, which is sandy and
has a safe shallow area for children. At the eastern end is a
rocky area with rock pools exposed at low tide. Graig Ddu
(English: Black Rock) marks the boundary with Black Rock Sands. The
Marine Beach to the west of the castle is pebbly. The water
quality prediction is "good" and in 2009 both beaches were awarded a
yellow flag seaside award.
Surfing is possible at all stages of the tide, but there is a fairly
exposed beach break that does not work very often. It is particularly
flat in summer. Most of the surf comes from groundswells and the best
swell direction is from the southwest, the beach break providing left-
and right-handers. Offshore winds blow from the north-northeast.
Crown green bowls is played at
Criccieth Bowling Club, and there is a
miniature golf course nearby.
St Deiniol's Church
^ a b Census 2001
^ "Town/electoral ward population 2011". Retrieved 14 May 2015.
^ a b Visit Wales :
Criccieth Accommodation[permanent dead link]
^ Cadw :
^ Cadwalader's Ice Cream : About Us
^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae
af ag ah Eira and James Gleasure, Criccieth : A Heritage Walk,
2003, Cymdeithas Hanes Eifionydd, Wales, 28 pages
Criccieth Business and Shop Alert :
^ British Broadcasting Corporation : Lloyd George Nephew Dies
^ "Leslie Bonnet", by Frank Dancaster. THE OLD LADY, June 1986.
^ "Obituary:Mrs J.V. Hutt.
Caernarfon and Denbigh Herald, 1 February
^ Eisteddfod Genedlaethol Cymru : Eisteddfod Locations Archived
23 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
^ Fairtrade Foundation : Fairtrade Towns Archived 1 February 2010
at the Wayback Machine.
Criccieth in Bloom : Trophies[permanent dead link]
Criccieth Business and Shop Alert : Croeso
^ Thomas Jones (ed.), Brut y Tywysogyon. Peniarth MS. 20 (University
Wales Press, 1941), page 197.
^ D. R. Johnston (ed.). Gwaith
Iolo Goch (University of
1988), poem II.37.
^ a b c British Broadcasting Corporation : Criccieth's History
Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru (University of
Wales Dictionary), vol. I,
Criccieth Tourist Information Service : Frequently Asked
^ Clifton Antiquarian Club : Cupmarks Discovered on the Cae Dyni
Chambered Monument Archived 8 October 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
^ Richard Sale, Best Walks in North Wales, 2006, Frances Lincoln,
London, 300 pages, ISBN 978-0-7112-2423-0
^ a b c d
Criccieth Visitors' Map and Brief History, 2002, Cymdeithas
Hanes Eifionydd, Wales
^ The University of
Sydney Library : Languishing in the
Footnotes : Women and Welsh Medieval Historiography Retrieved
^ Castles of Wales : Llywelyn ap Gruffydd Retrieved 2009-08-19
^ Princes of Gwynedd : Llywelyn ap Gruffydd Archived 19 September
2008 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 2009-08-19
^ Cilmeri : Death of Llywelyn Retrieved 2009-08-19
^ a b c Cymdeithas Hanes Eifionydd : The Town and
Criccieth Archived 7 October 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
^ a b
Criccieth Business and Shop Alert :
^ Number 10 : The Official Site of the Prime Minister's
Office : History and Tour :
David Lloyd George
David Lloyd George Archived 25
August 2008 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 2009-08-19
^ Cymdeithas Hanes Eifionydd : Storm Archived 7 October 2011 at
the Wayback Machine.
^ Municipal Corporations Act 1883 (46 & 47 Vict c.18)
^ 36 & 37 Vict. c.ccxliii
^ "No. 23923". The
London Gazette. 29 November 1872.
^ "Parliamentary Intelligence". The Times. 25 February 1873.
^ A Vision of Britain Through Time :
District[permanent dead link]
^ a b Local government in England and Wales: A Guide to the New
System. London: HMSO. 1974. pp. 103, 177.
^ Office of Public Sector Information : Local Government Act
1972 : Revised : Schedule 4[permanent dead link]
^ Cyngor Gwynedd : Councillors :
Criccieth Archived 28 June
2008 at the Wayback Machine.
^ Cyngor Gwynedd : Community Councils : Statement of Persons
Nominated : May 2008 Archived 14 October 2012 at the Wayback
^ The Guardian : Caernarfon
^ British Broadcasting Corporation :
Welsh Assembly Election
^ Boundary Commission for Wales : Final Recommendations for the
National Assembly for
Wales Electoral Regions
^ a b
Criccieth Tourist Information Service : Introduction
^ Coventry City Council : Learning Gateway : Coastal
Management : Criccieth[permanent dead link]
^ Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of
Wales : Maritime Archaeology in
Wales Retrieved 2009-08-20
Criccieth Tourist Information Service : Climate and Weather
Criccieth Tourist Information Service : Blooming Lovely
Criccieth Tourist Information Service : The Oxenbould Daisy
^ The Weather Channel :
Criccieth Weather Archived 16 July 2011
at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 2009-08-17
^ Census 2001 : Country of Birth
^ Census 2001 : Parish Profile : Accommodation and Tenure
^ A Vision of Britain Through Time : Total Population :
Criccieth Civil Parish
^ A Vision of Britain Through Time : Total Population :
Criccieth Urban District
^ University of Essex : Population Tables I, Vol II England and
Wales. Divisions VII-IX 1851
^ Census 2001 : Parish Profile : Work and Qualifications
^ a b Census 2001 : Key Figures
^ The Heritage Trail :
Criccieth Castle Retrieved 2009-08-20
^ "Talhenbont Hall".
Criccieth Lifeboat Station". Archived from the original on 9
May 2014. Retrieved 16 February 2016.
Criccieth Lifeboat. "Latest Services, Exercise Dates and
Criccieth Lifeboat Station Website".
www.cricciethlifeboat.org.uk. Retrieved 2016-04-22.
^ Arriva Trains Wales : Cambrian Lines Archived 28 July 2009 at
the Wayback Machine.
Criccieth in Bloom : Current Projects[permanent dead link]
^ Cyngor Gwynedd : Bus Services Archived 25 June 2009 at the
^ Cyngor Gwynedd : Bus Services : Pwllheli-London[permanent
^ "My Local School". mylocalschool.wales.gov.uk. Retrieved
^ "A report on Ysgol Treferthyr". Estyn. Retrieved 13 April
2016. [permanent dead link]
^ Estyn : Inspection under Section 10 of the Schools Inspections
Act 1996 : Ysgol
Eifionydd Archived 7 October 2006 at the Wayback
^ "2011 Census results by Community". Welsh Language Commissioner.
Retrieved 13 April 2016.
^ Cyngor Gwynedd :
Criccieth Library Archived 8 June 2011 at the
Criccieth Tourist Information Service : Clwb Cerdd Dwyfor
^ Côr Eifionydd : History Archived 22 November 2008 at the
^ Chichester Festival Theatre : Dyfan
Dwyfor Archived 6 January
2010 at the Wayback Machine.
Wales Online : Welsh Actors on Working for Royal Shakespeare
^ John Rhŷs, Celtic Folklore: Welsh and Manx: Volume 2, 1901,
Clarendon Press, Oxford, 420 pages
^ Old Poetry : Welsh Incident
^ British Broadcasting Corporation : Criccieth's History
^ Ash, Russell (1973). Folklore, Myths and Legends of Britain.
Reader's Digest Association Limited. p. 384.
^ The Incorporated Church Building Society : Church Plans
Online : St Catherine
^ Hubbard, Edward (1991). The Work of John Douglas. London: Victorian
Society. ISBN 0-901657-16-6.
Criccieth Family Church
^ Cymdeithas Hanes Eifionydd : Lawn Tennis Archived 7 October
2011 at the Wayback Machine.
^ Cymdeithas Hanes Eifionydd : Golf Archived 7 October 2011 at
the Wayback Machine.
Criccieth Golf Club : The Course
Criccieth Golf Club : Welcome
^ Angling Wales
^ Angling Wales : Salmon and Sea Trout : River Dwyfor
Llanystumdwy and District Angling Association : Who
We Are Archived 20 August 2008 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved
^ Angling News : Fishing Venue Guide :
Gwynedd Archived 19
April 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
^ Criccieth : Visitors Guide
^ Criccieth : Beaches
^ Environment Agency : Water Quality Classification Predictions
for Bathing Waters in England and
Wales under the Revised Bathing
Water Directive Archived 5 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
^ Western Mail : Number of Top Quality Beaches Falls : 1 May
Wales Tidy : Investment Brings Summer Joy[permanent dead
Wales Tidy : Seaside Award Resort Beach Criteria Archived
24 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
^ Environment Agency : Bathing Water Quality :
Criccieth : 2008
^ Surf Forecast : Criccieth
Bowls Club :
Criccieth Bowling Club Archived 8 November 2007 at
the Wayback Machine.
"Criccieth". Encyclopædia Britannica. 7 (11th ed.). 1911.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Criccieth.
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Criccieth.
360 Interactive view of
Geograph : Photographs of Criccieth
Towns and villages
Cwm y Glo
Tal-y-bont (near Bangor)
Tal-y-bont (near Barmouth)
Castles and forts
Castell y Bere
St Tudwals Islands
Grade I listed buildings
Grade II* listed buildings