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County Clare
County Clare
(Irish: Contae an Chláir) is a county in Ireland, in the Mid-West Region and the province of Munster, bordered on the West by the Atlantic Ocean. There is debate if it should be historically considered a part of Connacht. Clare County Council
Clare County Council
is the local authority. The county had a population of 117,196 at the 2011 census.[1] The county town and largest settlement is Ennis.

Contents

1 Geography and political subdivisions

1.1 Baronies, parishes and townlands 1.2 Towns and villages 1.3 Physical geography 1.4 Climate

2 History

2.1 English colonization

3 Local government and Dáil Éireann
Dáil Éireann
representation 4 Demography 5 Religion 6 Culture

6.1 Places of interest 6.2 Gaeltacht 6.3 Music 6.4 Sport

7 Transport 8 In popular culture 9 See also 10 Notes 11 References 12 External links

Geography and political subdivisions[edit] Clare is north-west of the River Shannon
River Shannon
covering a total area of 3,400 square kilometres (1,300 sq mi). Clare is the 7th largest of Ireland's 32 traditional counties in area and the 19th largest in terms of population. It is bordered by two counties in Munster
Munster
and one county in Connacht: County Limerick
County Limerick
to the south, County Tipperary
County Tipperary
to the east and County Galway
County Galway
to the north. Clare's nickname is the Banner County.[2] Baronies, parishes and townlands[edit]

Baronies of Clare

The county is divided into the baronies of Bunratty
Bunratty
Lower, Bunratty Upper, Burren, Clonderalaw, Corcomroe, Ibrickan, Inchiquin, Islands, Moyarta, Tulla Lower
Tulla Lower
and Tulla
Tulla
Upper. These in turn are divided into civil parishes, which are divided into townlands. These divisions are cadastral, defining land boundaries and ownership, rather than administrative. Towns and villages[edit]

Ardnacrusha Ballynacally Ballyvaughan Barefield Boston Bridgetown Broadford Bunratty Carrigaholt Carron Clarecastle Clonlara Connolly Coolmeen Cooraclare Corofin Cranny Cratloe Cree (Creegh) Cross Crusheen Doolin Doonaha Doonbeg Ennis Ennistymon Fanore Feakle Inagh Inch Kilbaha Kilfenora Kilkee Kilkishen Kildysart Killaloe Killimer Kilmaley Kilmihil Kilmurry McMahon Kilnaboy Kilnamona Kilrush Labasheeda Lahinch Liscannor Lisdoonvarna Lissycasey Meelick Milltown Malbay Mountshannon Mullagh Newmarket-on-Fergus O'Briensbridge O'Callaghans Mills Ogonnelloe Parteen Quilty Quin Ruan Scariff Shannon Sixmilebridge Toonagh Tuamgraney Tubber Tulla Whitegate

Physical geography[edit]

The Cliffs of Moher

Bodies of water define much of the physical boundaries of Clare. To the south-east is the River Shannon, Ireland's longest river, and to the south is the Shannon Estuary. The border to the north-east is defined by Lough Derg which is the third largest lake on Ireland. To the west is the Atlantic Ocean, and to the north is Galway
Galway
Bay. County Clare
County Clare
contains The Burren, a unique karst region, which contains rare flowers and fauna. At the western edge of The Burren, facing the Atlantic Ocean, are the Cliffs of Moher. The highest point in County Clare
County Clare
is Moylussa, 532 metres (1,745 ft), in the Slieve Bernagh[3] range in the east of the county. The following islands lie off the coast of the county:

Aughinish Inishmore
Inishmore
(or Deer) Island Inishloe Mutton Island Scattery Island

Climate[edit]

Climate data for County Clare

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 8.1 (46.6) 8.5 (47.3) 10.4 (50.7) 12.7 (54.9) 15.3 (59.5) 17.8 (64) 19.3 (66.7) 19.1 (66.4) 17.1 (62.8) 14.1 (57.4) 10.4 (50.7) 8.9 (48) 13.5 (56.3)

Average low °C (°F) 2.6 (36.7) 2.7 (36.9) 3.6 (38.5) 4.8 (40.6) 7.3 (45.1) 10 (50) 12 (54) 11.7 (53.1) 10.1 (50.2) 7.9 (46.2) 4.5 (40.1) 3.6 (38.5) 6.7 (44.1)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 99 (3.9) 74 (2.9) 69 (2.7) 58 (2.3) 61 (2.4) 66 (2.6) 74 (2.9) 89 (3.5) 84 (3.3) 97 (3.8) 97 (3.8) 107 (4.2) 986 (38.8)

Source: Clare Tour[4]

History[edit]

Poulnabrone dolmen
Poulnabrone dolmen
in The Burren.

County Clare
County Clare
hosts the oldest known evidence of human activity in Ireland. The patella of a bear, which was subject to butchering close to the time of death, was found in the Alice and Gwendoline Cave, near Edenvale House, Clarecastle. The bone features a number of linear-cut marks, and has been dated to circa 10,500 BC, from the Paleolithic era. This discovery, publicized in 2017, pushed back Ireland's occupation by 2,500 years - what was previously regarded as the oldest site of occupation was the Mesolithic
Mesolithic
site of Mount Sandel, Co. Derry. This bear bone was discovered in 1903 during an archaeological excavation, however was not studied until over a century later.[5] There was a Neolithic
Neolithic
civilization in the Clare area — the name of the peoples is unknown, but the Prehistoric peoples left evidence behind in the form of ancient dolmen: single-chamber megalithic tombs, usually consisting of three or more upright stones. Clare is one of the richest places in Ireland for these tombs. The most noted one is in The Burren
The Burren
area; it is known as Poulnabrone dolmen, which translates to "hole of sorrows".[6] The remains of the people inside the tomb have been excavated and dated to 3800 BC.[6] Ptolemy
Ptolemy
created a map of Ireland in his Geographia
Geographia
with information dating from 100 AD; it is the oldest written account of the island that includes geographical features.[7] Within his map, Ptolemy
Ptolemy
names the Gaelic tribes inhabiting it and the areas in which they resided; in the area of Clare, he identified a tribe known as the Gangani.[8] Historians have found the tribes on the west of Ireland the most difficult to identify with known peoples; however, historians William Camden and Charles O'Conor speculated a possible connection between the Gangani and the Concani,[9][10][11] one of the eleven tribes in the confederacy of the Cantabri
Cantabri
in the northern part of the Iberian Peninsula.[12]

The Tau Cross
Cross
at Roughan Hill near Corofin, County Clare, Ireland

During the Early Middle Ages, the area was part of the Kingdom of Connacht
Connacht
ruled by the Uí Fiachrach Aidhne. In the mid-10th century, it was annexed to the Kingdom of Munster
Munster
to be settled by the Dalcassians. It was renamed Thomond, meaning North Munster. Brian Boru became a leader from here during this period, perhaps the most noted High King of Ireland. From 1118 onwards the Kingdom of Thomond
Kingdom of Thomond
was in place as its own petty kingdom, ruled by the O'Brien Clan. After the Norman invasion of Ireland, Thomas de Clare established a short-lived Norman lordship of Thomond, extinguished at the Battle of Dysert O'Dea in 1318 during Edward Bruce's invasion. There are two main hypotheses for the origins of the county name "Clare". One is that the name is derived from Thomas de Clare[13] who was deeply embroiled in local politics and fighting in the 1270s and 1280s. An alternative hypothesis is that the county name Clare comes from the settlement of Clare (now Clarecastle), whose Irish name Clár (plank bridge) refers to a crossing over the River Fergus.[14][15][16] English colonization[edit] In 1543, during the Tudor conquest of Ireland, Murrough O'Brien, by surrender and regrant to Henry VIII, became Earl of Thomond
Earl of Thomond
within Henry's Kingdom of Ireland. Henry Sidney
Henry Sidney
as Lord Deputy of Ireland responded to the Desmond Rebellion
Desmond Rebellion
by creating the presidency of Connaught in 1569 and presidency of Munster
Munster
in 1570. He transferred Thomond
Thomond
from Munster
Munster
to Connaught, which he shired, Thomond
Thomond
becoming County Clare. About 1600, Clare was removed from the presidency of Connaught and made a presidency in its own right under the Earl of Thomond. When Henry O'Brien, 5th Earl of Thomond
Earl of Thomond
died in 1639, Lord Deputy Thomas Wentworth, 1st Earl of Strafford decreed Clare should return to the presidency of Munster, but the Wars of the Three Kingdoms
Wars of the Three Kingdoms
delayed this until the Restoration of 1660.[17] Clare's county nickname is the Banner County, for which various origins have been suggested: the banners captured by Clare's Dragoons at the Battle of Ramillies; or the banner of "Catholic emancipation" raised by Daniel O'Connell's victory in an 1828 by-election for County Clare that led to Parliament passing the Roman Catholic Relief Act 1829.[18] Scattery Island, in the Mouth of the Shannon off the Clare coast, was transferred to Limerick Corporation
Limerick Corporation
and the county of the city of Limerick
Limerick
after the dissolution of the monasteries in the mid-16th century. It was assigned to County Clare
County Clare
after the Municipal Corporations (Ireland) Act 1840. Under the Local Government (Ireland) Act 1898, part of the judicial county of Galway
Galway
(Drummaan, Inishcaltra North and Mountshannon
Mountshannon
electoral divisions) was transferred to county Clare. This area contains the village of Mountshannon
Mountshannon
on the north-western shore of Lough Derg. Local government and Dáil Éireann
Dáil Éireann
representation[edit] See also: Clare (Dáil Éireann constituency)
Clare (Dáil Éireann constituency)
and Clare County Council The county seat is at Ennis, which also serves as a major regional hub for County Clare. Among its emergency services, it contains the Ennis Regional Hospital, the HQ of the Clare Divisional Garda, the Clare Fire Brigade and Civil Defence. Since independence in 1921, Clare is represented by its own parliamentary constituency in Dáil Éireann, the powerful lower house of the Irish parliament, known as Oireachtas. Clare is currently served by four Teachta Dála, representatives referred to as TDs. Briefly a small area of Clare was in the Clare– Galway
Galway
South constituency during the 1970s before its abolition. The second tier of local governance is represented by the town councils—Clare has four in the form of Ennis, Kilrush, Kilkee
Kilkee
and Shannon. The constituency has historically been a Fianna Fáil
Fianna Fáil
stronghold. However Fianna Fáil
Fianna Fáil
lost its overall majority on the council in 2004.[19] As of the 2009 local elections, Fine Gael
Fine Gael
is the largest party, controlling 12 seats.[20] It won 40% of the vote in the Clare constituency in the 2011 Irish general election. Prominent historic TDs for Clare include Éamon de Valera, who became Taoiseach
Taoiseach
and President, former president Patrick Hillery, and former Cabinet Minister Brendan Daly. Demography[edit]

Historical population

Year Pop. ±%

1600 8,776 —    

1610 12,554 +43.0%

1659 16,914 +34.7%

1821 208,089 +1130.3%

1831 258,322 +24.1%

1841 286,394 +10.9%

1851 212,440 −25.8%

1861 166,305 −21.7%

1871 147,864 −11.1%

1881 141,457 −4.3%

1891 124,483 −12.0%

1901 112,334 −9.8%

1911 104,232 −7.2%

1926 95,064 −8.8%

1936 89,879 −5.5%

1946 85,064 −5.4%

1951 81,329 −4.4%

1956 77,176 −5.1%

1961 73,702 −4.5%

1966 73,597 −0.1%

1971 75,008 +1.9%

1979 84,919 +13.2%

1981 87,567 +3.1%

1986 91,344 +4.3%

1991 90,918 −0.5%

1996 94,006 +3.4%

2002 103,277 +9.9%

2006 110,950 +7.4%

2011 117,196 +5.6%

2016 118,627 +1.2%

[21]

The population of Clare accounted for 117,196 people at the most recent census in 2011. The main urban areas are Ennis
Ennis
with a population of 25,360 and Shannon with 9,673. The demographic profile for Clare in general is fairly young: 22% are under age 14, while 12% are over 65, compared to the national average of 20% and 11%, respectively.[22] There is a slightly higher percentage of males with 50.5%, while females number 49.5%.[23] English is the main language spoken in Clare. The vast majority of the population are Irish people, accounting for 86%. Most immigrants are Europeans, totalling an additional 7,520; there is also a small African minority of 1,124 people, while other ethnic groups are very small in number.[24] In addition, Clare had a large diaspora due to vast emigration during the 19th century. There are millions of people around the world who can trace their family background to Clare; such descendants are found mostly in North America, Great Britain, Australia, South Africa, Argentina and New Zealand.[25] Many people from the Irish diaspora visit the Clare area to trace their family roots and background.[25] Most of the names in Clare are derived from sept members of the Dalcassian
Dalcassian
race of Gaels. Some of the most common examples are O'Brien, O'Dea, McMahon, McInerney, McNamara, McGarry, Moloney, O'Grady, Hogan, Considine, Griffey/Griffin and Lynch.[25][26] Names of assimilated Norman origin include Burke, Dalton, and Comyn.[27] Religion[edit]

Corcomroe Abbey

The great majority of the population follow Christianity; at least 92% of the people in the area polled as part of the Ireland Census 2006 identified as Christians.[28] There are numerous abbeys and priories in Clare. Some of the ruins of such structures, such as Scattery Island, Bishop's Island, and Drumcliff monasteries, are ancient, dating to the 6th century when Christianity
Christianity
was first introduced to Ireland. The former was founded by Saint Senan, who was born locally near Kilrush
Kilrush
in 488 and is counted amongst the Twelve Apostles of Ireland.[29] Numerous other saints came from Clare, such as Flannan, Mochulleus, Moula, Caimin, Maccreiche, Munchin and more.[30] In the present day, the Catholic Church
Catholic Church
still commands a large majority, with 88% of the populace declaring themselves as followers of the religion. This percentage is slightly higher than the national average.[28]

Killaloe Diocese

Most of Clare falls under the Catholic Diocese of Killaloe, which is part of the ecclesiastical province of Cashel and Emly.[31] The Bishop of Killaloe is seated at the St Peter and Paul Cathedral in Ennis. A small portion of the north-western part of Clare falls under the Diocese of Galway, Kilmacduagh and Kilfenora.[32] As part of the local council's architectural conservation project, around eighty Christian churches have been designated as protected structures. Among the more notable structures are the ruins of Corcomroe Abbey, Quin Abbey, and Dysert O Dea Monastery.[33] The largest religious minority is the Church of Ireland, which is part of the Anglican Communion. It has just under 2000 adherents[28] in Clare. The county is part of the Diocese of Limerick
Limerick
and Killaloe, one of the three cathedrals of the diocese being St Flannan's Cathedral in Killaloe.[34] Other religious communities in Clare are very small in comparison. A minority declare no religion.[28] Culture[edit] Places of interest[edit] County Clare
County Clare
is known for beautiful natural scenery.[citation needed] Bell end point

Cliffs of Moher Doolin Inis Cealtra
Inis Cealtra
(Holy Island) in Lough Derg Kilbaha Kilkee Loop Head Scattery Island Spanish Point The Burren Bunratty
Bunratty
Castle

Gaeltacht[edit] West Clare and some pockets in East Clare were recognised as part of the Gaeltacht, or Irish-speaking area, by the Irish Free State government in the original Coimisiún na Gaeltachta in 1926. The most prominent of these areas with native Irish language
Irish language
speakers were west of Ennis
Ennis
in Kilmihil, Kilrush, Doonbeg, Doolin, Ennistimon, Carrigaholt, Lisdoonvarna
Lisdoonvarna
and Ballyvaughan. However, by the time of the second Coimisiún na Gaeltachta in 1956, the decline in the number of Gaelic speakers had been such that West Clare was removed from the list. It remained covered by the Gaeltacht
Gaeltacht
(Housing) Acts until 2001. Close geographic proximity to the Aran Islands
Aran Islands
(which were once part of Thomond) and local trade with fishermen from there meant that the language was used by residents of Fanore, Murroogh, Doolin
Doolin
and Quilty more than in other places. The last native Clare Irish speaker, the seanchaí Paddy Pharaic Mhichil Shannon of Fisherstreet, Doolin, died in the early 1990s. In the early 21st century, the pressure group Coiste Forbartha Gaeltachta Chontae an Chláir has sought to restore the official status of West Clare as a Gaeltacht
Gaeltacht
area.[35][36] They are encouraging immersion classes to revive use of the language. Music[edit] County Clare
County Clare
has a strong history of Traditional music. It is the home of the Kilfenora
Kilfenora
Céilí Band, the Tulla
Tulla
Céilí Band, Stockton's Wing, Sharon Shannon, Noel Hill, Peadar O'Loughlin, Martin Hayes and legendary tin-whistler Micho Russell. Ennis
Ennis
in County Clare
County Clare
is also the birthplace of Grammy-nominated songstress Maura O'Connell
Maura O'Connell
whose grandmother started a fish market in the town. The county has many traditional music festivals and one of the most well known is the Willie Clancy Summer School, which is held every July in the town of Milltown Malbay
Milltown Malbay
in memory of the renowned uilleann piper, Willie Clancy. Andy Irvine has written two songs celebrating County Clare: one is "West Coast of Clare" (recorded with Planxty
Planxty
in 1973), in which he mentions Spanish Point and Milltown Malbay. The other is "My Heart's Tonight In Ireland" (recorded on his solo album Rain on the Roof in 1996, and again on Changing Trains
Changing Trains
in 2005), in which he mentions several towns and villages in County Clare: Milltown Malbay, Scariff, Kilrush, Sixmilebridge, Kilkishen, Lahinch, Ennistymon, Liscannor
Liscannor
and Kilkee, and also makes two references to the music of Willie Clancy:

In the town of Scarriff
Scarriff
the sun was shining in the sky When Willie Clancy played his pipes and the tears welled in my eyes Many years have passed and gone since the time we had there But my heart's tonight in Ireland in the sweet County Clare. ... Lahinch
Lahinch
and Ennistymon, Liscannor
Liscannor
and Kilkee But best of all was Milltown when the music flowed so free Willie Clancy and the County Clare
County Clare
I'm ever in your debt For the sights and sounds of yesterday are shining memories yet.

Milltown Malbay
Milltown Malbay
is home to Oidhreacht an Chlair, an institute for higher education in all aspects of Irish tradition, history and literature.[37] Sport[edit] The Clare hurling team has one of the best records of success in the country in recent years with many cups such as the Liam MacCarthy Cup having been won in 1995, 1997 and 2013 and also finalists in 2002. Clare won the Munster
Munster
Final in football in 1992 beating Kerry. There is a strong Gaelic Athletic Association(GAA) presence in County Clare with the founder of the GAA, Michael Cusack, having been born in Carron which is situated in the heart of The Burren
The Burren
in North Clare. Irish rugby internationals from Clare include Keith Wood, Anthony Foley & Marcus Horan. Transport[edit]

View from aircraft as it comes down to land at Shannon Airport

Bunratty
Bunratty
Castle

Clare is served by two national primary roads—a classification referring to the major routes between major urban centres in Ireland.[38] This includes the N18 connecting Limerick
Limerick
to Galway, which passes through Ennis
Ennis
and by route of the N19—Shannon.[38] These two roads are part of the wider Western and Southern Corridor connecting many of the major settlements right across the island in these areas. There are also some significant national secondary roads—across the coast, stretching from Ballyvaughan, through Ennistymon
Ennistymon
and Kilkee, before arriving at Kilrush
Kilrush
is the N67.[38] In addition to this the N68 connects Kilrush
Kilrush
to Ennis, while Ennis
Ennis
is connected to Ennistymon
Ennistymon
via the N85.[38] Mainland public transport is mostly limited to buses ran by Irish Government owned company Bus Éireann; there are around 25 buses running frequent routes which pass through the majority of large settlements in Clare.[39] Clare Bus, runs a limited number of "accessible buslines".[40] The Ennis
Ennis
railway station operated by government owned Iarnród Éireann
Iarnród Éireann
is the most significant railway station in Clare today; it was opened on 2 July 1859.[41] By route of Limerick
Limerick
the trains run from Ennis
Ennis
to Dublin and it generally takes 3 hours to complete the journey.[42][43] There was previously a far more extensive local railway network in Clare, laid while part of the United Kingdom, the West Clare Railway
West Clare Railway
was in existence from its opening in 1887 by Charles Stewart Parnell
Charles Stewart Parnell
until 1961 covering much of the county.[44] It was quite inefficient however, leading Percy French to write the song Are Ye Right There Michael? about his experience. Much of it was dug up and dismantled by the Irish government from the 1950s—1970s after being deemed uneconomic, however there remains local advocacy groups who wish to conserve and restore parts of it.[45] The third busiest airport in Ireland is located in Clare with the Shannon Airport, which officially opened in 1945.[46] Along with Dublin Airport
Dublin Airport
and Cork Airport
Cork Airport
it is one of the three primary airports in the country, handling 3.62 million passengers in 2007. Shannon was the first airport in Ireland to receive transatlantic flights.[46] Ryanair
Ryanair
is the main airline handling flights with Great Britain and Continental European countries such as Spain, France, and Germany as the primary destinations.[47] Much traffic from the United States is received, which Aer Lingus
Aer Lingus
mostly handles; it is sometimes used as a military stopover which has caused some controversy in the country,[48] but nonetheless has generated significant revenue for the airport.[49] There are some local ferry services as much of the county is surrounded by water; there is one from Killimer
Killimer
to Tarbert Island in Kerry[50] and also from Doolin
Doolin
to the Aran Islands
Aran Islands
of Inisheer
Inisheer
and Inishmore.[51] In popular culture[edit] Ralph McTell
Ralph McTell
wrote the song "From Clare to Here", based on a conversation with a native of the county. It was released on his 1976 album Right Side Up. See also[edit]

High Sheriff of Clare List of rivers in County Clare Lord Lieutenant of Clare Wild Atlantic Way

Notes[edit]

^ "Census 2011 - County Clare
County Clare
Overview".  ^ "Clare, The Banner County - World Cultures European". Irishcultureandcustoms.com. Retrieved 19 April 2012.  ^ NB: not related to the Slieve Bearnagh
Slieve Bearnagh
mountain in County Down. ^ "Climate". Clare-Tour.com. 25 December 2008.  ^ https://www.independent.ie/irish-news/news/bear-bone-discovery-pushes-back-date-of-human-existence-in-ireland-by-2500-years-34556770.html ^ a b " Neolithic
Neolithic
Sites in Ireland". MyGuideIreland.com.  Retrieved on 2 October 2008. ^ "Ptolemy's map of Ireland: a modern decoding". InformAWorld.com.  Retrieved on 2 October 2008. ^ "The Arrival of the Celts". WesleyJohnston.com.  Retrieved on 2 October 2008. ^ O'Laughlin, The Families of County Clare, Ireland, 7. ^ "Before there were Counties". RootsWeb.com.  Retrieved on 2 October 2008. ^ Four Masters, "The Annals of Ireland by the Four Masters" as translated by Owen Connellan., 393. ^ Anthon, A Classical Dictionary, 368. ^ "Lorna Moloney. From Gaelic lordship to English shire - SoundCloud." 14 Sep. 2016, https://soundcloud.com/history-hub/lorna-moloney-gaelic-lordship-to-english-shire-macnamaras-of-clare. Accessed 11 Feb. 2017. ^ Briggs, Keith (2009). "Clare, Clere, and Clères" (PDF). Journal of the English Place-name Society (41): 14.  ^ "Origin of the name "Clare"". Irishcultureandcustoms.com. Retrieved 19 April 2012.  ^ "Thom's Directory, 1931". From-ireland.net. Retrieved 19 April 2012.  ^ Falkiner, Caesar Litton. "The Counties of Ireland: An Historical Sketch of Their Origin, Constitution, and Gradual Delimitation (1902-1904)". Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy, Section C. 24: 184–5. JSTOR 25502712.  ^ Spellissy, Sean (1 January 2003). A History of County Clare. Gill & Macmillan. p. 39. ISBN 9780717134601.  ^ Mark Hennessy and Michael O'Regan (15 June 2004). "'A very bad performance' -Ahern". The Irish Times. Retrieved 20 February 2008.  ^ "2009 Local Elections - Electoral Area Details". Elections Ireland. Retrieved 19 April 2012.  ^ for post 1821 figures, 1653 and 1659 figures from Civil Survey Census of those years, Paper of Mr Hardinge to Royal Irish Academy 14 March 1865, For a discussion on the accuracy of pre-famine census returns, see JJ Lee "On the accuracy of the pre-famine Irish censuses", in Irish Population, Economy and Society, edited by JM Goldstrom and LA Clarkson (1981) p54, in and also "New Developments in Irish Population History, 1700-1850" by Joel Mokyr and Cormac Ó Gráda, in The Economic History Review, New Series, Vol. 37, No. 4 (Nov. 1984), pp. 473-488. ^ "Persons, males and females in each Province, County and City classified by age group, 2006". Central Statistics Office Ireland. Retrieved 25 December 2008.  ^ "Population of each Province, County and City, 2006". Central Statistics Office Ireland. Retrieved 25 December 2008.  ^ "Persons, males and females usually resident in each Province and County, and present in the State on Census Night, classified by ethnic or cultural background, 2006". Central Statistics Office Ireland. Retrieved 25 December 2008.  ^ a b c "Clare Diaspora". Clare Heritage & Genealogical Research Centre. Retrieved 25 December 2008.  ^ "Dál gCais or The Dalcassians of Thomond". DalcassianSeptembercom. Archived from the original on 8 September 2010. Retrieved 12 November 2008.  ^ "Norman and Cambro-Norman Surnames of Ireland". Family-Crests.com. Retrieved 25 December 2008.  ^ a b c d "Census 2006 - Volume 13 - Religion". Central Statistics Office Ireland. Retrieved 25 December 2008.  ^ Gratton-Flood, W.H. (1 March 1907). "The Twelve Apostles of Erin". The Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. I. Retrieved 9 February 2008.  ^ " County Clare
County Clare
Folk-Tales and Myths: Early Christian Period". ClareLibrary.ie. Retrieved 25 December 2008.  ^ "History of the Killaloe Diocese". KillaloeDiocese.ie. Archived from the original on 11 December 2008. Retrieved 25 December 2008.  ^ "Diocese of Galway, Kilmacduagh and Kilfenora". GalwayDiocese.ie. Retrieved 25 December 2008.  ^ "Record of Protected Structures in Co. Clare - Churches". County Clare Council. Archived from the original on 19 November 2007. Retrieved 25 December 2008.  ^ "St Flannan's Cathedral, Killaloe". Cathedral.Killaloe.Anglican.org. Retrieved 25 December 2008.  ^ "Public Meeting on Clare Gaeltacht
Gaeltacht
revival". Gaelport. 26 January 2015.  ^ "The Clare Gaeltacht: 'Where we have come from and where we are going'". Gaelport. 26 January 2015.  ^ "Oidhreacht an Chláir Teo". Oac.ie. Retrieved 19 April 2012.  ^ a b c d "National Route: Lengths as of 2007" (PDF). National Roads Authority. Retrieved 25 December 2008.  ^ "Bus services for County Clare
County Clare
Council". CarlBerry.co.uk. Retrieved 25 December 2008.  ^ http://www.clarebus.ie ^ " Ennis
Ennis
station" (PDF). Railscot - Irish Railways. Retrieved 25 December 2008.  ^ "Details of train travel between Dublin and Ennis". CarlBerry.co.uk. Retrieved 25 December 2008.  ^ "Your Journey - Timetables". Irish Rail. Retrieved 25 December 2008.  ^ "A Short History Of The West Clare Railway". WestClareRailway.ie. Archived from the original on 4 January 2008. Retrieved 25 December 2008.  ^ "The West Clare Railway
West Clare Railway
Co". WestClareRailway.ie. Archived from the original on 4 January 2008. Retrieved 25 December 2008.  ^ a b " Shannon Airport
Shannon Airport
Facts & Figures". CARHIRE.ie. Retrieved 6 November 2013.  ^ "Flights from Shannon Airport". FlightMapping.com. Retrieved 25 December 2008.  ^ "Peaceful protest at Shannon airport draws 1,700 people". AllBusiness.com. Retrieved 25 December 2008.  ^ "Almost 200,000 troops use Shannon". Irish Times. 11 November 2008. Retrieved 25 December 2008.  ^ " Killimer
Killimer
Tarbert Car Ferry". DiscoverIreland.com. Retrieved 25 December 2008.  ^ " Doolin
Doolin
Ferry
Ferry
Timetable". DoolinFerry.com. Archived from the original on 8 December 2008. Retrieved 25 December 2008. 

References[edit]

Anthon, Charles (1855). A Classical Dictionary. Harvard University.  O'Laughlin, Michael C. (2000). The Families of County Clare, Ireland. Irish Roots Cafe. ISBN 0-940134-98-5.  The Four Masters (2003). "The Annals of Ireland by the Four Masters" as translated by Owen Connellan. Irish Roots Cafe. ISBN 0-940134-14-4. 

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Places adjacent to County Clare

County Galway

Atlantic Ocean

County Clare

County Tipperary

County Limerick

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Places in County Clare

County town: Ennis

Towns

Ennis Kilkee Kilrush Shannon

Villages

Ardnacrusha Aughinish Ballynacally Ballyvaughan Barefield Bodyke Boston Bridgetown Broadford Cahiracon Carrigaholt Clarecastle Clonlara Cloonanaha Connolly Cooraclare Coore Corofin Cranny Cratloe Cree Cross Crusheen Doolin Doonaha Doonbeg Ennistymon Fanore Feakle Hurlers Cross Inagh Ivarstown Kilbaha Kildysart Kilfenora Kilkishen Killaloe Killimer Kilmihil Kilnaboy Kilnamona Kilshanny Knock Labasheeda Lahinch Liscannor Lisdoonvarna Lissycasey Meelick Milltown Malbay Mountshannon Moyasta Mullagh Murroogh Newmarket-on-Fergus O'Brien's Bridge O'Callaghans Mills Parteen Quilty Quin Ruan Scarriff Sixmilebridge Spancill Hill Spanish Point Tuamgraney Tulla Tullig Whitegate

Regions

Burren Loop Head
Loop Head
Peninsula

Islands

Aughinish Canon Island Deer Island Inis Cathaig (or Scattery Island) Inis Cealtra Inishloe Inishmacowney Mutton Island Trummer

List of townlands in County Clare Category:Mountains and hills of County Clare Category:Rivers of County Clare Category:Geography of County Clare

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Counties of Ireland

The counties are listed per province

 Connacht

Galway Leitrim Mayo Roscommon Sligo

 Leinster

Carlow Dublin

Dún Laoghaire–Rathdown Fingal South Dublin

Kildare Kilkenny Laois Longford Louth Meath Offaly Westmeath Wexford Wicklow

 Munster

Clare Cork Kerry Limerick Tipperary Waterford

 Ulster

Antrim† Armagh† Cavan Donegal Down† Fermanagh† Londonderry† Monaghan Tyrone†

Italics denote non-administrative counties. Brackets denote non-traditional counties. †denotes non-administrative counties of Northern Ireland

Coordinates: 52°50′N 9°00′W / 52.833°N 9.000°W / 52

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