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The Council of People's Commissars
Council of People's Commissars
(Russian: Совет народных комиссаров or Совнарком, translit. Soviet narodnykh kommissarov or Sovnarkom, also as generic SNK) was a government institution formed shortly after the October Revolution
October Revolution
in 1917. Created in the Russian Republic, the council laid foundations in restructuring the country to form the Soviet Union. It evolved to become the highest government authority of executive power in the government of the Soviet Union. The chairman of this council was thus the head of government (whereas the Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet was head of state). The 1918 Constitution of the RSFSR formalised the role of the Sovnarkom of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic
Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic
(RSFSR): it was to be responsible to the Congress of Soviets for the "general administration of the affairs of the state". The constitution enabled the Sovnarkom to issue decrees carrying the full force of law when the Congress was not in session. The Congress then routinely approved these decrees at its next session. When the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics was established in December 1922, the USSR Sovnarkom was modelled on the RSFSR Sovnarkom. It was transformed in 1946 into the Council of Ministers.[1]

Contents

1 Original People's Commissars 2 All-Union
All-Union
Sovnarkom 3 Sovmin 4 Councils by administrative division

4.1 Soviet republics 4.2 Autonomous republics 4.3 Failed or quasi

5 See also 6 References 7 External links

Original People's Commissars[edit]

Lenin and Stalin in 1922

The first council elected by the Second All-Russian Congress of Soviets was composed as follows. Many early comissars later ended up in opposition to the party majority led by Stalin and allegedly conspired with the Trotskyist opposition[2] or some other opposition group, which led to their expulsion from the party or being arrested. The party had banned factional opposition groups at the Eleventh Party Congress in 1921.[3] Still the original People's Comissariat included Left-Communists, Trotskyists and other ex-oppositionists. Most alleged conspirators were executed for treason in the Great Purge, some had sentences reduced to imprisonment.[4]

People's Commissar Original incumbent Death

Chairman Vladimir Lenin Strokes, 1924

Secretary Nikolai Gorbunov Executed 1938

People's Commissariat for Agriculture of the RSFSR Vladimir Milyutin died in prison 1937

Council of People's Commissars
Council of People's Commissars
on War and Navy Affairs Nikolai Krylenko
Nikolai Krylenko
(War College) Executed 1938

Pavel Dybenko
Pavel Dybenko
(Navy College) Executed 1938

People's Commissariat for Trade and Industry of the RSFSR Viktor Nogin Natural causes 1924

People's Commissariat for Education of the RSFSR Anatoly Lunacharsky Natural causes 1933

People's Commissariat for Food Ivan Teodorovich Executed 1937

People's Commissariat for Foreign Affairs of the RSFSR Leon Trotsky Assassinated 1940

People's Commissariat for Interior Affairs of the RSFSR Alexei Rykov Executed 1938

People's Commissariat for Justice Georgy Oppokov Executed 1937

People's Commissariat for Labour Alexander Shlyapnikov Executed 1937

People's Commissariat of Marine Fleet of the USSR Semen Dukelsky (Russian: Дукельский, Семён Семёнович) In connection with the increased paranoia is placed in the hospital. He wrote denunciations against doctors allegedly plotting to kill him on instructions from US intelligence.[5] Natural causes 1960

People's Commissariat of Nationalities Joseph Stalin Natural causes 1953

People's Commissariat for Posts and Telegraphs of the RSFSR Nikolai Glebov-Avilov Executed 1937

People's Commissariat for Railways (vacant)

People's Commissariat for Finance Ivan Skvortsov-Stepanov Natural causes 1928

People's Commissariat for Social Welfare Alexandra Kollontai Natural causes 1952

All-Union
All-Union
Sovnarkom[edit] Upon the creation of the USSR in 1922, the Union's government was modelled after the first Sovnarkom. The Soviet republics retained their own governments which dealt with domestic matters. Sovmin[edit] In 1946, the Sovnarkoms were transformed into the Council of Ministers (Sovmin) at both all-Union and Union Republic
Union Republic
level.[1][6][7] Councils by administrative division[edit] Soviet republics[edit]

This article is part of a series on the

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Other countries Atlas

v t e

Council of People's Commissars
Council of People's Commissars
(Soviet Union) Council of People's Commissars
Council of People's Commissars
(Russia) Council of People's Commissars (Ukraine) (Temporary government of Workers and Peasants of Ukraine) Council of People's Commissars
Council of People's Commissars
(Belarus), including LitBel Council of People's Commissars
Council of People's Commissars
(Azerbaijan) Council of People's Commissars
Council of People's Commissars
(Far East) Council of People's Commissars
Council of People's Commissars
(Armenia) Council of People's Commissars
Council of People's Commissars
(Bukhara) Council of People's Commissars
Council of People's Commissars
(Khorezm) Council of People's Commissars
Council of People's Commissars
(Georgia) Council of People's Commissars
Council of People's Commissars
(Abkhazia), including as autonomous Council of People's Commissars
Council of People's Commissars
(Turkestan) Council of People's Commissars
Council of People's Commissars
(Transcaucasia) Council of People's Commissars
Council of People's Commissars
(Kazakhstan), including as autonomous Kyrgyz (before 1925) Council of People's Commissars
Council of People's Commissars
(Turkmenistan) Council of People's Commissars
Council of People's Commissars
(Kyrgyzstan), including as autonomous Kyrgyz (after 1925) Council of People's Commissars
Council of People's Commissars
(Uzbekistan) Council of People's Commissars
Council of People's Commissars
(Tajikistan), including as autonomous Council of People's Commissars
Council of People's Commissars
(Karelia-Finland), including as autonomous Karelia Council of People's Commissars
Council of People's Commissars
(Moldova), including as autonomous Council of People's Commissars
Council of People's Commissars
(Lithuania) Council of People's Commissars
Council of People's Commissars
(Latvia) Council of People's Commissars
Council of People's Commissars
(Estonia)

Autonomous republics[edit]

Council of People's Commissars
Council of People's Commissars
(Adjara) Council of People's Commissars
Council of People's Commissars
(Volga German) Council of People's Commissars
Council of People's Commissars
(Bashkorstan) Council of People's Commissars
Council of People's Commissars
(Buryat-Mongolia) Council of People's Commissars
Council of People's Commissars
(Mountainous) Council of People's Commissars
Council of People's Commissars
(Dagestan) Council of People's Commissars
Council of People's Commissars
(Kabardin-Balkaria), including Kabardin (1944-1957) Council of People's Commissars
Council of People's Commissars
(Cossack) Council of People's Commissars
Council of People's Commissars
(Kalmykia) Council of People's Commissars
Council of People's Commissars
(Karakalpakistan) Council of People's Commissars
Council of People's Commissars
(Komi) Council of People's Commissars
Council of People's Commissars
(Crimea) Council of People's Commissars
Council of People's Commissars
(Mari) Council of People's Commissars
Council of People's Commissars
(Mordva) Council of People's Commissars
Council of People's Commissars
(Nakhichevan) Council of People's Commissars
Council of People's Commissars
(North Osetia) Council of People's Commissars
Council of People's Commissars
(Tatarstan) Council of People's Commissars
Council of People's Commissars
(Tuva) Council of People's Commissars
Council of People's Commissars
(Udmurtia) Council of People's Commissars
Council of People's Commissars
(Chechnia-Ingushetia) Council of People's Commissars
Council of People's Commissars
(Chuvashia) Council of People's Commissars
Council of People's Commissars
(Yakutia)

Failed or quasi[edit]

Council of People's Commissars
Council of People's Commissars
(Donetsk-Krivoi Rog) Council of People's Commissars
Council of People's Commissars
(Odessa), initially as Rumcherod Council of People's Commissars
Council of People's Commissars
(Poland) Council of People's Commissars
Council of People's Commissars
(Galicia) Council of People's Secretaries (Soviet Ukraine)

See also[edit]

26 Baku Commissars Government of the Soviet Union Deputy Premier of the Soviet Union First Deputy Premier of the Soviet Union Executive Officer of the Soviet Union Council of Ministers Cabinet of Ministers

References[edit]

^ a b "О преобразовании Совета Народных Комиссаров СССР в Совет Министров СССР и Советов Народных Комиссаров Союзных и Автономных республик в Советы Министров Союзных и Автономных республик" 15 марта 1946 года [On Reforming the Council of People's Commissars
Council of People's Commissars
into the Council of Ministers, and the Councils of People's Commissars of Union and Autonomous Republics into the Councils of Ministers of Union and Autonomous Republics, 15 March 1946]. Legislation of the USSR 1946-1952 (in Russian). World and Market Economy - Collection of Articles on Economy, Igor Averin. Retrieved 3 October 2010.  ^ Pierre Broué, The "Bloc" of the Oppositions against Stalin ^ https://www.marxists.org/archive/lenin/works/1922/mar/27.htm ^ Getty, Origins of the great purges ^ Author: Кодинцев А. Я.: "Государственная политика в сфере юстиции в СССР. 30-50-е годы XX века." — Куртамыш: ГУП «Куртамышская типография», 2008. — Pages: 381,387,392 ^ Huskey, Eugene. Executive power and Soviet politics: the rise and decline of the Soviet state. M.E. Sharpe. p. 281. ISBN 1-56324-059-9.  ^ Law, David A. (1975). Russian civilization. Ardent Media. p. 185. ISBN 0-8422-0529-2. 

External links[edit]

Governments of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics from 1917–1964 and

.