The Councils of Carthage, or Synods of Carthage, were church synods held during the 3rd, 4th, and 5th centuries in the city of Carthage in Africa. The most important of these are described below.
St. Augustine arguing with Donatists.
A variety of unresolved issues related to restoration of the lapsed in faith and the actions of those who had been considered heretics remained to be dealt with at the first ecumenical council. The eighth canon of the council in particular addressed Novationists.
16 [Placuit] ut praeter Scripturas canonicas nihil in Ecclesia legatur sub nomine divinarum Scripturarum. Sunt autem canonicae Scripture: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numeri, Deuterenomium, Iesu Nave, Iudicum, Ruth, Regnorum libri quatour, Paralipomenon libri duo, Iob, Psalterium Davidicum, Salomonis libre quinque, Duodecim libri prophetarum, Esaias, Ieremias, Daniel, Ezechiel, Tobias, Iudith, Hester, Hesdrae libre duo, Machabaeorum libre duo. 17 Novi autem Testamenti, evangeliorum libri quatuor, Actus Apostolorum liber unus, Pauli Apostoli epistolae tredecim., eiusdem ad Hebraeos una, Petri duae, Iohannis tres, Iacobi una, Iudae una, Apocalipsis Ioannis. 18 Ita ut de confirmando isto canone trasmarina Ecclesia consultatur. Liceat etiam legi passiones Martyrum, cum anniversarii dies eorum celebrantur 20 Hoc etiam fratri et consacerdoti nostro Bonifacio, vel aliis earum partium episcopis, pro confirmando isto canone innotescas, quia ita a patribus ista accepimus in ecclesia legenda.
16 It was also determined that besides the Canonical Scriptures nothing be read in the Church under the title of divine Scriptures. The Canonical Scriptures are these: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy, Joshua the son of Nun, Judges, Ruth, four books of Kings, two books of Paraleipomena, Job, the Psalter, five books of Solomon, the books of the twelve prophets, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezechiel, Daniel, Tobit, Judith, Esther, two books of Esdras, two Books of the Maccabees. 17 Of the New Testament: four books of the Gospels, one book of the Acts of the Apostles, thirteen Epistles of the Apostle Paul, one epistle of the same [writer] to the Hebrews, two Epistles of the Apostle Peter, three of John, one of James, one of Jude, one book of the Apocalypse of John. 18 So let the church over the sea be consulted to confirm this canon. Let it also be allowed that the Passions of Martyrs be read when their festivals are kept. 20 Let this be made known also to our brother and fellow-priest Boniface, or to other bishops of those parts, for the purpose of confirming that Canon. Because we have received from our fathers that those books must be read in the Church.
— Enchiridium Biblicum 8-10
Conference of 411
The Conference of Carthage, held by the command of the Emperor
Honorius in 411 with a view to terminating the Donatist schism, while
not strictly a synod, was one of the most important assemblies in the
history of the African sees, and of the whole Catholic Church. It was
presided over by
Marcellinus of Carthage who found in favour of the
Catholic party, which led to the violent suppression of the
Council of 418
On 1 May 418 a great synod (
Augustine of Hippo
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Sources This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Carthage, Synods of". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
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^ Hefele, 2nd ed., i. pp. 111 sqq. (English translation, i. Section 5,
pp. 93 sqq.); Mansi, i. pp. 863 sqq., 905 sqq.; Hardouin, i. pp. 133
sqq., 147 sqq.; Cyprian, Epp. 52, 54, 55, 68.
^ Hefele, 2nd ed., i. Section 6, pp. 117–119 (English translation,
i. pp. 99 sqq.); Mansi, i. pp. 921 sqq., 951 sqq.; Hardouin, i. pp.
153 sqq.; Cyprian, Epp. 69–75.
^ "NPNF2-14. The Seven Ecumenical Councils".
^ Hefele, 2nd. ed., i. pp. 632-633 (English translation, ii. pp.
184-186); T Mansi's "Collection of Councils", part III, pp.143 sqq.;
Hardouin, i. pp. 683 sqq. Summaries of the canons can be read in Right
Rev. C J Hefele's "A history of the Christian councils: from the
original documents, Volume 2" at pp.184–186
^ Denzinger 186 in the new numbering, 92 Archived 2010-04-18 at the
Wayback Machine. in the old
^ The Latin text and English translation are from B. F. Westcott, A
General Survey of the History of the Canon of the New Testament (5th
ed. Edinburgh, 1881), pp. 440, 541–2.
^ Hefele, 2nd ed., ii. pp. 103-104 (English translation, ii. pp.
445-446); Mansi, iv. pp. 7-283 ; Hardouin, i. pp. 1043-f 190.
^ Hefele, 2nd ed., ii. pp. 116 sqq. (English translation, ii. pp. 458
sqq.); Mansi, iii. pp. 810 sqq., iv. pp. 377 sqq., 45I sqq.; Hardouin,
i. pp. 926 sqq. Link to English translation below.
^ a b Schwerin, Philip, How the Bishop of
Canons From The Council Of Carthage Against Pelagianism, May 1, 418 African Synods Catholic Encyclopedia Schaff, Philip, The Seven Ecumenical Councils –