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Corrientes
Corrientes
(Spanish pronunciation: [koˈrjentes]; Guaraní: Taragüí, literally: "Currents") is the capital city of the province of Corrientes, Argentina, located on the eastern shore of the Paraná River, about 1,000 km (621 mi) from Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires
and 300 km (186 mi) from Posadas, on National Route 12. It has a population of 328,689 according to the 2001 Census. It lies opposite its twin city, Resistencia, Chaco. It has a mix of colonial and modern architecture, several churches and a number of lapacho, ceibo, jacaranda and orange trees. It is also home to one of the biggest carnival celebrations in the country. The annual average temperature is 20 °C (68 °F), with maximum and minimum averages of 45 and 5 °C (113 and 41 °F) respectively. The annual rainfall is around 1,200 millimetres (47 in).

Contents

1 Transportation 2 History 3 Climate 4 Education 5 In fiction 6 Gallery 7 References 8 External links

Transportation[edit] The General Belgrano Bridge
General Belgrano Bridge
crosses the Paraná River
Paraná River
that serves as the natural border with the neighbouring Chaco Province. On the other side of the bridge is Resistencia, capital of Chaco. To the west and up the Paraná, between Paraguay
Paraguay
and Argentina, lies the Yaciretá dam, one of the largest hydroelectric power generators in the world. The Doctor Fernando Piragine Niveyro International Airport
Doctor Fernando Piragine Niveyro International Airport
(IATA: CNQ, ICAO: SARC) at coordinates 27°26′20″S 58°46′03″W / 27.43889°S 58.76750°W / -27.43889; -58.76750, 5 km (3 mi) away from the city, serves the city. The Ferrocarril Económico Correntino
Ferrocarril Económico Correntino
narrow gauge railway line to Mburucuyá operated from 1912 until 1927. History[edit] In 1516 Juan Díaz de Solís commanded the first expedition to reach the area populated mainly by Guaraní aboriginals, but his expedition was attacked and Solís perished in the adventure.

Plan of the city of Corrientes
Corrientes
in June 1867.

Sebastian Cabot established in 1527 the Sancti Spiritu fort upstream of the Paraná River, and in 1536 Pedro de Mendoza
Pedro de Mendoza
reached further north into the basin of the river, searching for the Sierras of Silver. Juan Torres de Vera y Aragón founded on April 3, 1588 San Juan de Vera de las Siete Corrientes
Corrientes
("Saint John of Vera of the Seven Currents"), which was later shortened to Corrientes. The "seven currents" refer to the seven peninsulas on the shore of the river at this place, that produced wild currents that made difficult the navigation of the river through this part. Nevertheless, its position between Asunción
Asunción
- in present Paraguay
Paraguay
- and Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires
made it an important middle point, especially because of its 55-metre-high lands that prevent flooding when the water level rises. In 1615 Jesuits settled near the Uruguay River. In 1807 the city resisted the British invasions. During the Argentine War of Independence it was in permanent conflict with the centralist government of Buenos Aires, but the Paraguayan War
Paraguayan War
united them after the city was attacked by Paraguayan forces in 1865. Climate[edit] The annual average temperature is 21 °C (70 °F), with maximum and minimum averages of 45 and 5 °C (113 and 41 °F) respectively. The annual rainfall is around 1,200 millimetres (47 in). The Köppen Climate Classification
Köppen Climate Classification
subtype for this climate is "Cfa" (Humid Subtropical Climate).[1] Frosts are rare; with the dates of the first and last frost being July 5 and July 12 respectively, indicating that most of the year is frost free.[2] The highest temperature recorded was 42.4 °C (108.3 °F) on November 15, 1985 while the lowest temperature recorded was −2.8 °C (27.0 °F) on June 15, 1979.[3]

Climate data for Corrientes Airport
Corrientes Airport
(1981–2010, extremes 1962–present)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 42.0 (107.6) 40.7 (105.3) 39.6 (103.3) 37.2 (99) 34.1 (93.4) 31.7 (89.1) 33.0 (91.4) 36.4 (97.5) 40.9 (105.6) 42.0 (107.6) 42.4 (108.3) 41.1 (106) 42.4 (108.3)

Average high °C (°F) 33.2 (91.8) 31.9 (89.4) 30.6 (87.1) 26.8 (80.2) 23.4 (74.1) 21.0 (69.8) 21.1 (70) 23.4 (74.1) 24.9 (76.8) 27.9 (82.2) 29.5 (85.1) 31.9 (89.4) 27.1 (80.8)

Daily mean °C (°F) 27.0 (80.6) 26.0 (78.8) 24.7 (76.5) 21.4 (70.5) 18.0 (64.4) 15.9 (60.6) 15.2 (59.4) 17.0 (62.6) 18.5 (65.3) 21.8 (71.2) 23.7 (74.7) 25.8 (78.4) 21.3 (70.3)

Average low °C (°F) 21.3 (70.3) 20.8 (69.4) 19.7 (67.5) 16.9 (62.4) 13.4 (56.1) 11.6 (52.9) 10.4 (50.7) 11.5 (52.7) 13.1 (55.6) 16.3 (61.3) 17.9 (64.2) 20.1 (68.2) 16.1 (61)

Record low °C (°F) 11.8 (53.2) 11.0 (51.8) 7.2 (45) 3.9 (39) −0.4 (31.3) −2.8 (27) −2.0 (28.4) −1.3 (29.7) 0.5 (32.9) 2.8 (37) 7.2 (45) 8.3 (46.9) −2.8 (27)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 167.3 (6.587) 161.9 (6.374) 175.1 (6.894) 206.6 (8.134) 91.9 (3.618) 70.5 (2.776) 37.5 (1.476) 47.2 (1.858) 75.7 (2.98) 150.7 (5.933) 184.3 (7.256) 157.7 (6.209) 1,526.4 (60.094)

Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 8.5 9.4 8.6 10.2 7.5 8.4 6.1 5.7 8.1 10.4 10.0 9.3 102.2

Average relative humidity (%) 70.7 74.6 77.7 80.2 80.0 81.2 76.5 72.3 70.8 72.3 72.1 70.9 74.9

Mean monthly sunshine hours 279.0 243.6 232.5 204.0 201.5 171.0 186.0 192.2 195.0 244.9 261.0 291.4 2,702.1

Percent possible sunshine 66 67 61 59 60 54 57 55 54 62 65 67 61

Source #1: Servicio Meteorológico Nacional[4][3]

Source #2: NOAA (sun 1961–1990)[5]

Education[edit]

National University of the Northeast University of Cuenca del Plata

In fiction[edit] The Graham Greene spy novel The Honorary Consul"' (1973) takes place in Corrientes. Gallery[edit]

View of the Corrientes
Corrientes
waterfront

The Belgrano Bridge

A pastel-hued street near downtown Corrientes

May 25 square, Corrientes

The Provincial Ministry of the Economy

River otter and toy, Corrientes
Corrientes
Zoo

References[edit]

^ Climate Summary for Corrientes ^ "Corrientes, Corrientes". Estadísticas meteorológicas decadiales (in Spanish). Oficina de Riesgo Agropecuario. Retrieved June 12, 2015.  ^ a b "Clima en la Argentina: Guia Climática por Corrientes
Corrientes
Aero". Caracterización: Estadísticas de largo plazo (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Retrieved 4 October 2017.  ^ "Estadísticas Climatológicas Normales - período 1981-2010" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Retrieved January 20, 2018.  ^ " Corrientes
Corrientes
AERO Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved March 29, 2015. 

External links[edit]

Municipality of Corrientes
Corrientes
– official website MCC (in Spanish) Municipal information: Municipal Affairs Federal Institute (IFAM), Municipal Affairs Secretariat, Ministry of Interior, Argentina. (in Spanish) Sights (English) Map

v t e

Provincial capitals of Argentina

La Plata, Buenos Aires San Fernando del Valle de Catamarca, Catamarca Resistencia, Chaco Rawson, Chubut Córdoba, Córdoba Corrientes, Corrientes Paraná, Entre Ríos Formosa, Formosa San Salvador de Jujuy, Jujuy Santa Rosa, La Pampa La Rioja, La Rioja Mendoza, Mendoza Posadas, Misiones Neuquén, Neuquén Viedma, Río Negro Salta, Salta San Juan, San Juan San Luis, San Luis Río Gallegos, Santa Cruz Santa Fe, Santa Fe Santiago del Estero, Santiago del Estero Ushuaia, Tierra del Fuego San Miguel de Tucumán, Tucumán

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 136031984 GND: 4216648-2 BNF: cb1667

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