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Conradh na Gaeilge
Conradh na Gaeilge
(Irish pronunciation: [ˈkɔn̪ˠɾˠə nə ˈɡeːlʲɟə]; historically known in English as the Gaelic League) is a social and cultural organisation which promotes the Irish language in Ireland and worldwide. The organisation was founded in 1893 with Douglas Hyde
Douglas Hyde
as its first president, when it emerged as the successor of several 19th century groups such as the Gaelic Union. The organisation would be the spearhead of the Gaelic revival
Gaelic revival
and Gaeilgeoir activism. Originally the organisation intended to be apolitical, but many of its participants became involved in Irish nationalism.

Contents

1 History

1.1 League in the Free State 1.2 Contemporary times

2 Associations 3 Presidents 4 See also 5 References

5.1 Bibliography

6 External links

History[edit]

Conradh na Gaeilge
Conradh na Gaeilge
in Dublin

Advertisement for the Gaelic League in the Gaelic Journal, June 1894. The English text reads "This Association has been founded solely to keep the Irish Language spoken in Ireland. If you wish the Irish Language to live on the lips of Irishmen, help this effort according to your ability!"

Bruce Stewart suggests that an address by Douglas Hyde
Douglas Hyde
"led to the formation of the Gaelic League" with Hyde as the president.[1] The address titled ‘The Necessity for De-Anglicising Ireland’ was delivered by Hyde to the Irish National Literary Society, on 25 November 1892. (Thereafter, it was published in The Revival of Irish Literature, 1894.) Conradh na Gaeilge
Conradh na Gaeilge
was founded in Dublin
Dublin
on 31 July 1893 by Douglas Hyde, the son of a Church of Ireland
Church of Ireland
rector from Frenchpark, County Roscommon
County Roscommon
with the aid of Eugene O'Growney, Eoin MacNeill, Thomas O'Neill Russell and others. The organisation developed from Ulick Bourke's earlier Gaelic Union and became the leading institution promoting the Gaelic Revival, carrying on efforts like the publishing of the Gaelic Journal. The League's first newspaper was An Claidheamh Soluis
An Claidheamh Soluis
(The Sword of Light) and its most noted editor was Patrick Pearse. The motto of the League was Sinn Féin, Sinn Féin amháin (Ourselves, Ourselves alone).[2] The League encouraged female participation from the start and a number of women played a prominent role. They were not restricted to subordinate roles, but played an active part in leadership, although males were in the overwhelming majority. Local notables, such as Lady Gregory in Galway, Lady Esmonde in County Wexford, and Mary Spring Rice in County Limerick, and others such as Norma Borthwick, founded and led branches in their communities. At the annual national convention in 1906 women were elected to seven of the forty-five positions on the Gaelic League executive. Executive members included Máire Ní Chinnéide, Úna Ní Fhaircheallaigh (who wrote pamphlets on behalf of the League), Bean an Doc Uí Choisdealbha, Máire Ní hAodáin, Máire de Buitléir, Nellie O'Brien, Eibhlín Ní Dhonnabháin and Eibhlín Nic Néill.[3][4] Though apolitical, the organisation attracted many Irish nationalists of different persuasions, much like the Gaelic Athletic Association. It was through the League that many future political leaders and rebels first met, laying the foundation for groups such as the Irish Volunteers (1913). However, Conradh na Gaeilge
Conradh na Gaeilge
did not commit itself entirely to the national movement until 1915, causing the resignation of Douglas Hyde, who felt that the culture of language should be above politics. Most of the signatories of the 1916 Proclamation were members. It still continued to attract many Irish Republicans. Sean MacStiofain, the first chief of staff of the Provisional IRA
Provisional IRA
was a prominent member in his later life. League in the Free State[edit] After the foundation of the Irish Free State
Irish Free State
in 1922, the organisation had a less prominent role in public life as Irish was made a compulsory subject in state-funded schools.[5] It did unexpectedly badly in the Irish Seanad election, 1925, when all the candidates it endorsed were defeated, including Hyde.[6] In 1927, An Coimisiún Le Rincí Gaelacha
An Coimisiún Le Rincí Gaelacha
(CLRG) was founded as a subcommittee of the League to investigate the promotion of traditional Irish dance. Eventually, CLRG became a largely independent organisation, though it is required by its constitution to share 3 board members with the League.[7] Contemporary times[edit] Conradh na Gaeilge, in alliance with other groups such as Gluaiseacht Chearta Sibhialta na Gaeltachta, was instrumental in the community campaigns which led to the creation of RTÉ Raidió na Gaeltachta (1972), Údarás na Gaeltachta
Údarás na Gaeltachta
(1980), and TG4
TG4
(1996). The organisation successfully campaigned for the enactment of the Official Languages Act, 2003 which gave greater statutory protection to Irish speakers and created the position of An Coimisinéir Teanga
An Coimisinéir Teanga
(The Languages Commissioner). Conradh na Gaeilge
Conradh na Gaeilge
was among the principal organisations responsible for co-ordinating the successful campaign to make Irish an official language of the European Union.[8]

Conradh na Gaeilge, Dublin.

In 2008 during the presidency of Dáithí Mac Cárthaigh, Conradh na Gaeilge adopted a new constitution reverting to its pre 1915 non-political stance restating its aim as that of an Irish-speaking Ireland "Is í aidhm na hEagraíochta an Ghaeilge a athréimniú mar ghnáththeanga na hÉireann" and dropping any reference to Irish freedom. In recent years Conradh na Gaeilge
Conradh na Gaeilge
has remained central to campaigns to protect language rights throughout Ireland. This strategy encompasses the promotion of increased investment in Gaeltacht areas,[9] advocacy for increased provision of state services through Irish,[10] the development of Irish language
Irish language
hubs in urban areas, and the Acht Anois campaign for the enactment of legislation to protect the Irish language
Irish language
in Northern Ireland.[11] Associations[edit] The organisation has branches in several parts of Ireland and overseas and is closely involved in the development of the Seachtain na Gaeilge promotional campaign. Conradh na Gaeilge
Conradh na Gaeilge
has recently opened free legal advice centres (Ionaid Saor-Chomhairle Dlí) in Dublin
Dublin
and Galway in partnership with Free Legal Advice Centres. The Gaelic League publishes a magazine called Feasta, founded in 1948. This magazine, while it promotes the aims of the League, also has an important role in promoting new writing in Irish. Presidents[edit]

1893–1915, Douglas Hyde 1916–1919, Eoin Mac Néill 1919–1922, Seán Ua Ceallaigh 1922–1925, Peadar Mac Fhionnlaoich 1925–1926, Seán P. Mac Énrí 1926-1928, Cormac Breathnach 1928–1933, Mac Giolla Bhríde 1933–1940, Peadar Mac Fhionnlaoich 1940–1941, Liam Ó Buachalla 1941–1942, Seán Óg Ó Tuama 1942–1945, Diarmuid Mac Fhionnlaoich 1945–1946, Seán Mac Gearailt 1946–1949, Liam Ó Luanaigh 1949–1950, Diarmuid Mac Fhionnlaoich 1950–1952, Annraoi Ó Liatháin 1952–1955, Seán Mac Gearailt 1955–1959, Tomás Ó Muircheartaigh 1959–1965, Micheál Mac Cárthaigh 1965–1968, Cathal Ó Feinneadha 1968–1974, Maolsheachlainn Ó Caollaí 1974–1979, Pádraig Ó Snodaigh 1979–1982, Albert Fry 1982–1985, Micheál Ó Murchú 1985–1989, Íte Ní Chionnaith 1989–1994, Proinsias Mac Aonghusa 1994–1995, Áine de Baróid 1995-1998, Gearóid Ó Cairealláin 1998–2003, Tomás Mac Ruairí 2003–2004, Séagh Mac Siúrdáin 2004–2005, Nollaig Ó Gadhra 2005–2008, Dáithí Mac Cárthaigh 2008–2011, Pádraig Mac Fhearghusa 2011–2014, Donnchadh Ó hAodha 2014–2017, Cóilín Ó Cearbhaill[12] 2017–present, Niall Comer

See also[edit]

Foras na Gaeilge An Comunn Gàidhealach Manx Gaelic Society

References[edit]

^ Stewart, Bruce (2000). "On the Necessity of De-Hydifying Irish Cultural Criticism". New Hibernia Review / Iris Éireannach Nua. 4 (1): 23.  ^ Murphy, Brian P. (2005). The Catholic Bulletin and Republican Ireland: with special reference to J. J. O'Kelly ('Sceilg'). London: Athol Books. pp. 51–53. ISBN 0-85034-108-6.  ^ New Hibernia Review. 6:1 Spring 2002. pp 57–62 ^ Irish Peasant, 18 August 1906 ^ "The Gaelic League in the Irish Free State
Irish Free State
in the 1920s and 1930s". The Irish Story. 28 November 2015.  ^ Coakley, John (September 2005). "Ireland's Unique Electoral Experiment: The Senate Election of 1925". Irish Political Studies. 20 (3): 231–269. doi:10.1080/07907180500359327.  ^ Cullinane, John (2003). An Coimisiún Le Rince Gaelacha: its origins and evolution. Dublin: Dr John P Cullinane. ISBN 0952795248.  ^ Cinneadh an AE: Céim fhíorthábhachtach stairiúil don Ghaeilge, go hidirnáisiúnta agus in Éirinn Archived 22 March 2007 at the Wayback Machine. (Irish language) Foras na Gaeilge
Foras na Gaeilge
press release, 13 June 2005. ^ "Plean Infheistíochta Le 1,160+ Post A Chruthú & Deiseanna Úsáidte Gaeilge don Phobal Á Nochtadh Inniu - Conradh na Gaeilge
Conradh na Gaeilge
Ar son phobal na Gaeilge". cnag.ie (in Irish). Retrieved 2017-09-30.  ^ "Irish-Language Rights On The Elections' Agenda - Conradh na Gaeilge Ar son phobal na Gaeilge". cnag.ie. Retrieved 2017-09-30.  ^ "Irish-Language Act - Conradh na Gaeilge
Conradh na Gaeilge
Ar son phobal na Gaeilge". cnag.ie. Retrieved 2017-09-30.  ^ "Ã Cearbhaill elected as President of Conradh na Gaeilge". gaelport.com. 

Bibliography[edit]

Mac Aonghusa, Proinsias (1993). Ar son na Gaeilge: Conradh na Gaeilge 1893-1993. Conradh na Gaeilge. ASIN B001A49CUY.  Mac Fhearghusa, Pádraig (1995). Conradh na Gaeilge
Conradh na Gaeilge
i gCiarrai. Conradh na Gaeilge. ASIN B0010DRN88.  Mac Giolla Domhnaigh, Gearóid (1995). Conradh Gaeilge Chúige Uladh ag tús an 20ú chéid. Comhaltas Uladh de Chonradh na Gaeilge. ISBN 0951726412.  O'Riordain, Traolach (2000). Conradh na Gaeilge
Conradh na Gaeilge
i gCorcaigh 1894-1910. Cois Life Teoranta. ISBN 1901176177.  Ó Súilleabháin, Donncha (1989). Conradh na Gaeilge
Conradh na Gaeilge
i Londain 1894-1917. Conradh na Gaeilge. ASIN B009QZETH0. 

External links[edit] Media related to Gaelic League at Wikimedia Commons

Conradh na Gaeilge
Conradh na Gaeilge
official site (in Irish) Conradh na Gaeilge
Conradh na Gaeilge
on YouTube

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Conradh na Gaeilge

Teanga Ten (founders)

Dubhghlas de hÍde Eoin Mac Néill Liam Ó hAodáin Pádraig Ó Briain Tomás Ó Néill Ruiséal Séarlus Persi Buais Tomás Ellerkerr Séamus Mac Cogadháin Mártan Ó Ceallaigh Pádraig Ó hÓgáin

Presidents

Dubhghlas de hÍde Eoin Mac Néill Seán Ó Cellaigh Peadar Toner Mac Fhionnlaoich Seán P. Mac Énrí Cormac Breathnach Mac Giolla Bhríde Peadar Toner Mac Fhionnlaoich Liam Ó Buachalla Seán Ó Tuama Diarmuid Mac Fhionnlaoich Seán Mac Gearailt Liam Ó Luanaigh Diarmuid Mac Fhionnlaoich Annraoi Ó Liatháin Seán Mac Gearailt Tomás Ó Muircheartaigh Micheál Mac Cárthaigh Cathal Ó Feinneadha Maolsheachlainn Ó Caollaí Pádraig Ó Snodaigh Albert Fry Micheál Ó Murchú Íte Ní Chionnaith Proinsias Mac Aonghusa Áine de Baróid Gearóid Ó Cairealláin Tomás Mac Ruairí Séagh Mac Siúrdáin Nollaig Ó Gadhra Dáithí Mac Cárthaigh Pádraig Mac Fhearghusa Donnchadh Ó hAodha Cóilín Ó Cearbhaill Niall Comer

Publications

Irisleabhar na Gaedhilge (1893-1909) An Claidheamh Soluis
An Claidheamh Soluis
(1899-1931) Feasta
Feasta
(1948-present)

v t e

Gaels

General history

Gaelic Ireland High King of Ireland Gaelic Irish kingdoms Dál Riata Alba Nine Years' War Statutes of Iona Flight of the Earls Plantation of Ulster 1641 Rebellion Act for the Settlement of Ireland 1652 Jacobite risings Bliadhna Theàrlaich Penal Laws Great Hunger Irish diaspora Highland Clearances Gaelic Revival Gaeltacht Gàidhealtachd

Gaelic culture

Ogham Brehon law Gaelic mythology Lebor Gabála Érenn Gaelic warfare Gaelic astrology Gaelic kinship Bardic poetry Gaelic literature
Gaelic literature
(Early Irish, Modern Irish, Scottish Gaelic
Scottish Gaelic
& Manx) Gaelic type Insular script Fáinne Gaelic music Sean-nós song Oireachtas na Gaeilge Am Mòd Gaelic games Highland games Insular Christianity Gaelic Christian mission

Language

Primitive Irish Old Irish Middle Irish Classical Gaelic Irish Manx Scottish Gaelic

Major tribes or clans

Connachta
Connachta
(incl. Uí Néill, Clan Colla, Clan Donald, Uí Maine, etc) Dál gCais
Dál gCais
(incl. Déisi) Eóganachta Érainn (incl. Dál Riata, Corcu Loígde, Clan Conla, Dál Fiatach, etc) Laigin Ulaid
Ulaid
(incl. Dál nAraidi, Conmhaícne, Ciarraige, etc)

Prominent organisations

Údarás na Gaeltachta Foras na Gaeilge Bòrd na Gàidhlig Culture Vannin Conradh na Gaeilge An Comunn Gàidhealach Manx Gaelic Society Seachtain na Gaeilge Gael Linn ULTACH Trust Comunn na Gàidhlig Columba Project Clans of Ireland An Coimisinéir Teanga An Comunn Gàidhealach
An Comunn Gàidhealach
America

Related subjects

Haplogroup R-M269
Haplogroup R-M269
(human genetics) Celts Norse– Gaels
Gaels
(incl. Uí Ímair
Uí Ímair
and Clan MacLeod) Kingdom of the Isles Gaelicisation

Celts
Celts
portal Ireland portal Scotland portal Isle of Man portal Category WikiProject

v t e

Irish (Gaeilge)

History

Proto-Indo-European Proto-Celtic Insular Celtic Goidelic Primitive Irish Old Irish Middle Irish Modern Irish

Sociolinguistics

Connacht Irish Munster Irish Ulster Irish Status (Northern Ireland) Outside Ireland (in Newfoundland) Béarlachas

Grammar

Initial mutations Declension Conjugation Dependent and independent forms Phonology Syntax

Writing

Orthography Ogham Gaelic type Braille Early literature Modern literature Lexicography

Media

Journals

Comhar Feasta An tUltach Tuairisc.ie Nós An Gael Seachtain

Television

TG4 Cúla 4 RTÉ One
RTÉ One
(Nuacht RTÉ) BBC Two NI (sporadic) NVTV (sporadic)

Radio

RTÉ Raidió na Gaeltachta Raidió Rí-Rá Raidió Na Life Raidió Fáilte BBC Radio Ulster
BBC Radio Ulster
(Blas)

Publishers

An Gúm Cló Iar-Chonnacht Coiscéim Gael Linn Irish Texts Society Sáirséal agus Dill Glór na nGael

Qualifications

Leaving Cert Irish Teastas Eorpach na Gaeilge

Names

Personal and family names List of personal names

Celts
Celts
portal Ireland portal Category WikiProject

v t e

Irish dance

Styles

Individual

Step dance Sean-nós dance (in the United States) Festival dance

Group

Ceili dance Set dance Rinnce Fada

Music

2 2 and 4 4 dances

Reel Hornpipe

6 8 dances

Single and double jig Treble jig Haste to the Wedding

9 8 dances

Slip jig

12 8 dances

Slide

Mixed time

South Galway Set Clare Lancers Set

Organisations

An Coimisiún Le Rincí Gaelacha

Conradh na Gaeilge

An Comhdháil na Múinteoirí le Rincí Gaelacha World Irish Dance Association Comhaltas Ceoltóirí Éireann

Events

Crossroads dance Feis Oireachtas Oireachtas Rince na Cruinne Céilí

Shows and groups

Riverdance Lord of the Dance Dancing on Dangerous Ground Feet of Flames The Keltic Dreams

Professional dancers

Cara Butler Jean Butler Tiana Coudray Dean Crouch Joanne Doyle Colin Dunne Michael Flatley Bernadette Flynn Dan Furey Breandán de Gallaí Graham Killoughery Tony Lundon Kevin McCormack Róisín Mullins Daire Nolan Gillian Norris

Miscellaneous

Public Dance Halls Act 1935 Soft shoes Hard shoes Jig

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