Congress of Soviets was the supreme governing body of the Russian
Soviet Federative Socialist Republic and several other Soviet
republics from 1917–36 and again from 1989-91. After the creation of
the Soviet Union, the
Congress of Soviets of the Soviet Union
functioned as its legislative branch until its dissolution in 1936.
Its initial full name was the "
Congress of Soviets of Workers',
Soldiers' and Peasants' Deputies. It was also sometimes known as the
"Congress of People's Deputies."
1 Russia and the Soviet Union
3 See also
Russia and the Soviet Union 
All-Russian Congress of Soviets
All-Russian Congress of Soviets and
Congress of Soviets of
the Soviet Union
Congress of Soviets was an assembly of representatives of local
councils. In theory, it was the supreme power of the Soviet State, an
organ of the dictatorship of the proletariat. No bourgeois, no noble,
no aristocrat, no priest could vote – only working people.
Congress of Soviets created laws and elected the
Council of People's Commissars, which was the government. In the
interim its functions were performed by designated executive bodies,
see VTsIK. In practice the Congress became increasingly deferential to
Bolsheviks after the Russian Revolution.
By the time of Lenin's death in 1924 the Congress of Soviets
effectively only rubber-stamped the decisions of the Communist Party
and served as a propaganda tribune. The 1936 Constitution
eliminated the Congress of Soviets, making the Supreme Soviet of the
USSR the legislative institution. During this time the Central
Committee of the AUCP(b) held de facto control over the government.
Congress of Soviets December 29, 1920
Bolsheviks convened an
All-Ukrainian Congress of Soviets
All-Ukrainian Congress of Soviets of
Workers', Soldiers' and Peasants' Deputies in Kiev, on December 17,
1917, and in Kharkiv on December 25, 1917 (see Ukraine after the
1918 Soviet Constitution
1924 Soviet Constitution
1936 Soviet Constitution
1977 Soviet Constitution
Congress of People's Deputies of the Soviet Union
^ Schapiro, L. The Origin of the Communist Autocracy: Political
Opposition in the Soviet State, First Phase, 1917-1922. 1st ed. New
York: Frederick A. Praeger Publishers, 1965. p. 66.