(including overseas)


(including overseas)


Communauté urbaine
Communauté d'agglomération
Communauté de communes


Associated communes
Municipal arrondissements

Others in Overseas France

Overseas collectivities
Sui generis collectivity
Overseas country
Overseas territory
Clipperton Island

Communauté urbaine (French for "urban community") is the second most integrated form of intercommunality in France, after the Metropolis (French: métropole). A communauté urbaine is composed of a city (commune) and its independent suburbs (independent communes).

The first communautés urbaines were created by the French Parliament on 31 December 1966. Originally there were only four, found in the metropolitan areas of Bordeaux, Lille, Lyon and Strasbourg. Later, others were created in other metropolitan areas. The purpose of the communautés urbaines was to achieve cooperation and joint administration between large cities and their independent suburbs. This step often followed failed attempts to merge the communes within a metropolitan area. The status of the communauté urbaine was modified by the Chevènement Law of 1999. Since the creation of the métropoles in 2011, several former communautés urbaines have become métropoles, for instance Nice, Strasbourg, Marseille, Nancy and Dijon.

Unlike the case in either a communauté d'agglomération or communauté de communes, communes cannot leave a communauté urbaine freely.

As of May 2017, there are 12 communautés urbaines in France (all in metropolitan France), with a combined population of 2.91 million inhabitants (as of 2014, in 2017 limits).[1][2] All of the urban areas in France with more than half a million inhabitants are a communauté urbaine or a métropole. Some communautés urbaines are relatively small; smaller than many communautés d'agglomération.

The communautés urbaines are each administrated by a council called a "conseil communautaire" (community council), composed of a proportional representation of members of municipal councils of member towns. The council is headed by an executive composed of a president and vice-presidents elected by the council. The president is in many cases the mayor of the main or most populous city. The mayors of the others cities are often also vice-presidents of the executive, the deputies-mayors are often members of the council, as are some members of the towns' councils.

List of communautés urbaines

Name Seat Number of communes Population (2014)[1]
CU Alençon Alençon 34 58,919
CU Angers Loire Métropole Angers 30 283,153
CU Arras Arras 46 110,169
CU Caen la Mer Caen 50 268,876
CU Clermont Auvergne Métropole Clermont-Ferrand 21 291,813
CU Creusot Montceau Le Creusot 34 98,377
CU Dunkerque Dunkirk 17 203,770
CU Grand Paris Seine et Oise Aubergenville 73 411,100
CU Le Mans Métropole Le Mans 19 210,904
CU Perpignan Méditerranée Métropole Perpignan 36 268,517
CU Grand Reims Reims 143 299,054
CU Saint-Étienne Métropole Saint-Étienne 53 408,685


  1. ^ a b BANATIC, Périmètre des EPCI à fiscalité propre. Accessed 2017-06-28.
  2. ^ Direction générale des collectivités locales (DGCL), Ministry of the Interior. "Base des EPCI à fiscalité propre" (in French). Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 April 2009. Retrieved 24 March 2009.