for ''fight'') is a purposeful violent
conflict meant to physically harm or kill the opposition. Combat may be armed (using weapon
s) or unarmed (not using weapons
). Combat is sometimes resorted to as a method of self-defense
, or can be used as a tool to impose ones will on others. An instance of combat can be a stand-alone confrontation or a small part of a much larger violent conflict. Instances of combat may also be benign and recreational, as in the cases of combat sport
s and mock combat
Combat may comply with, or be in violation of, local or international laws regarding conflict. Examples of rules include the Geneva Conventions
(covering the treatment of people in war), medieval chivalry
, the Marquess of Queensberry rules
(covering boxing) and several forms of combat sports.
) is combat at very close range, attacking the opponent with the body (striking
, etc.) and/or with a melee weapon
s, etc.), as opposed to a ranged weapon
Hand-to-hand combat can be further divided into three sections depending on the distance and positioning of the combatants:
* Clinch fighting
* Ground fighting
* Stand-up fighting
has always between two or more opposing military forces
. Military combat situations can involve multiple groups, involving guerilla
, domestic and/or foreign government
s. A military conflict is known either as a battle
or a war
, depending on the size of the fighting and exactly which geographical areas in which the war
occurs. Combat effectiveness
has always demanded that the personnel maintain strategic preparedness by being sufficiently trained
, and funded
to carry out combat operations in the unit to which they are assigned.
[North Atlantic Treaty Organization, Nato Standardization Agency AAP-6 - Glossary of terms and definitions, p. 80]
Warfare falls under the laws of war
, which govern its purposes and conduct, and protect the rights of combatants
* Martin van Creveld
: The Changing Face of War: Lessons of Combat, from the Marne to Turkey. Maine, New England 2007.
. 2006. âCombat Motivation in Todayâ€™s Soldiers: U.S. Army War College Strategic Studies Institute
â€ť''Armed Forces & Society'', vol. 32: pp. 659â€“663.
*Gifford, Brian. 2005. âCombat Casualties and Race: What Can We Learn from the 2003-2004 Iraq Conflict?
€ť ''Armed Forces & Society'', vol. 31: pp. 201â€“225.
*Herspring, Dale. 2006. âUndermining Combat Readiness in the Russian Military, 1992-2005.
€ť ''Armed Forces & Society'', Jul 2006; vol. 32: pp. 513â€“531.
*Ben-Shalom, Uzi; Lehrer, Zeev; and Ben-Ari, Eyal. 2005. âCohesion during Military Operations: A Field Study on Combat Units in the Al-Aqsa Intifada
â€ť ''Armed Forces & Society'', vol. 32: pp. 63â€“79.
*Woodruff, Todd; Kelty, Ryan; Segal, Archie Cooper, David R. 2006. âPropensity to Serve and Motivation to Enlist among American Combat Soldiers
â€ť ''Armed Forces & Society'', Apr 2006; vol. 32: pp. 353â€“366.
*Dienstfrey, Stephen. 1988â€śWomen Veteransâ€™ Exposure to Combat.â€ť
''Armed forces & Society'', vol. 14: pp. 549â€“558.
Category:Military operations by type