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The Colonial Medal
Colonial Medal
(French: "Médaille Coloniale") was a French decoration created by the "loi de finances" of 26 July 1893 (article 75) to reward "military services in the colonies, resulting from participation in military operations, in a colony or a protectorate". A decree of 6 June 1962 changed the term "colonial" to "overseas" (see Overseas Medal).

Contents

1 Medal 2 Campaign Clasps 3 Recipients 4 See also 5 External links

Medal[edit] Introduced by the Finance Act of 23 July 1893, its implementing decree dated 6 March 1894 lists the military operations carried out by France in its colonies or protectorates (Algeria - Cochin - Gold Coast - Marquesas Islands - Nossi- Bé - New Caledonia - Senegal and Sudan - Society Islands
Society Islands
- Tunisia). The scope of the decree was therefore a broad retroactive effect, since the first operations considered for the award of the Medal colonial dating back to 1827, at the very beginning of the conquest of Algeria. Since then, numerous other regulations were made which amend or supplement the award of this medal. The most recent include the decree of June 6, 1962 which transformed the Médaille Coloniale to Médaille d'Outre-Mer. The colonial medal is closely linked to the existence of the French colonial empire . Article 4 of the Decree of 1894 establishes the design of the medal. The it is 30mm diameter in silver. On the obverse there is the helmeted effigy of the Republic with "République française" engraved above. On the reverse, a world map occupies the central field, resting on an anchor across a trophy of arms . The ribbon, is white and blue with vertical stripes. Its length can vary this from 35 to 37 mm. The design of the medal is attributed to Capitaine de frégate Saulnier Pinellas, because the original award was for sailors. Its production had the distinction of being performed by the administration of the Paris Mint and a private company that was responsible for manufacturing the socket of the pendant ring leaves and clasps crimping indentations. The sets were to be delivered complete to the ministries of the Navy and War . The ribbon, the skewer assembly and assembly were also part of the supply. The two departments then presented the medals to the recipients, with some delay as they were not always immediately available. The monopoly of the Paris Mint and the sluggishness of its administration thus created a boom for the private market, forcing the administration to allow the manufacture in "parallel" under the set forth specifications. Nevertheless, some marginal versions appeared. In 1913, the Monnaie de Paris
Monnaie de Paris
decided to fully bear the manufacture of the Colonial Medal. The second type sees its official medal redrawn and engraved by G. Lindauer. The engraving of Georges Lemaire is recessed so that the first official type, it was relief. The foliage becomes single-sided pendant ring and the sleeve is formed of two truncated cones. For a very short period Hinged clips are rounded instead of being indented. There were many contemporary manufacturers. Campaign Clasps[edit] Campaign clasps which could be attached to medals awarded for service in overseas or colonial possessions include:

Algeria Cochinchina Maroc Tonkin Gold Coast (Côte De L'or) Marquesas Islands (Îles Marquises) Nossi-Be New Caledonia (Nouvelle-Caledonie) Madagascar Senegal Sudan (Senegal-Soudan), created February 22, 1896 Society Islands
Society Islands
(Îles De La Socitie) French West Africa, created in 1900 Tunisia (Tunisie) Sahara Bir-Hakiem, 1942 Eritrea (Erythree) Ethiopia (Ethiopie) Fezzan Fezzan Tripolitania (Fezzan Tripolitanie) Kurfa (Koufra) Libya (Libye) Somalia (Somalie) Tunisia (Tunisie), 1942–1943 Free French Africa (Afrique Française Libre)

Recipients[edit]

"Médaille Coloniale" certificate of 1894 for the participation in the 1881 French occupation of Tunisia
French occupation of Tunisia
of Military Doctor Jean-Baptiste Doué.

With campaign clasp, if applicable.

Aarne Juutilainen
Aarne Juutilainen
(Morocco) Anton Docher Bernard Saint-Hillier (Eritrea, Libya, Bir Hakeim, Tunisia) Joseph de Goislard de Monsabert
Joseph de Goislard de Monsabert
(Morocco) Pierre Jeanpierre Paul Arnaud de Foïard
Paul Arnaud de Foïard
(Extrême-Orient) Pierre Garbay (Morocco 1925, AFL, Eritrea, Libya, Tunisia) Louis Jules Trochu
Louis Jules Trochu
(Algeria) Philippe Leclerc de Hauteclocque
Philippe Leclerc de Hauteclocque
(bars, unknown campaigns) Henri Gouraud (Senegal and Sudan, Morocco, Mauretania and Adrar) Charles Mangin
Charles Mangin
(Senegal and Sudan) André Lalande Peter Julien Ortiz Gaston Palewski Philippe Ragueneau Louis Archinard
Louis Archinard
(Sudan) Olivier Mazel (Tunisia) Joseph Vuillemin
Joseph Vuillemin
(Sahara, Africa) Célestin Hennion Pham Van Dong (Barrette Extrême Orient: for operations and campaigns in Tonkin)

See also[edit]

Ribbons of the French military and civil awards

France
France
portal War portal Colonialism portal Military history of France
France
portal

External links[edit]

http://www.france-phaleristique.com/accueil.htm http://www.phaleristique.net

v t e

Orders, decorations and medals of France

Orders

National

Legion of Honour Order of Liberation National Order of Merit National Recognition Medal for Victims of Terrorism

Ministerial

Ordre des Palmes Académiques Order of Agricultural Merit Ordre du Mérite Maritime Ordre des Arts et des Lettres

Civilian decorations

Honour medal for courage and devotion Médaille d'honneur de l'Aéronautique Honour medal of Foreign Affairs Médaille d'honneur agricole Honour medal of railroads Regional, departmental and municipal honour medal Honour medal of customs Médaille d'honneur des Eaux et Forêts Médaille d'honneur de l'Enseignement du 1er degré Médaille d'honneur pénitentiaire Honour medal for civilian personnel of the Defense Ministry Honour medal of the National Police Honour medal for firefighters Medal for internal security Médaille d'honneur de Sociétés musicales et Chorales Médaille d'honneur de la protection judiciaire de la jeunesse Honour medal for work Médaille d'honneur des Travaux publics Insignia for wounded civilians Médaille de la Famille française Honour medal for youth, sports and associative engagements Médaille des Mines Médaille du Tourisme Ordre de Tahiti Nui

Military decorations

Military Medal 1914–1918 War Cross 1939–1945 War Cross War Cross for foreign operational theaters Cross for Military Valour Médaille de la Gendarmerie nationale Resistance Medal Escapees' Medal Volunteer combatant's cross
Volunteer combatant's cross
1914–1918 Volunteer combatant's cross Cross of the resistance volunteer combatant Combatant's Cross Aeronautical Medal Overseas Medal National Defence Medal Medal for voluntary military service Medal of the Nation's Recognition Medal for the War Wounded See also: Military Health Service honour medal

Com- memorative medals

19th century

Saint Helena Medal Commemorative medal of the 1859 Italian Campaign Commemorative medal of the 1860 China Expedition Commemorative medal of the Mexico Expedition Commemorative medal of the 1870–1871 War Tonkin
Tonkin
Expedition commemorative medal Dahomey Expedition commemorative medal 1892 Madagascar commemorative medal Colonial Medal

1900–1914

1901 China expedition commemorative medal Morocco commemorative medal (1909)

1914–1918: World War I

1914–1918 Inter-Allied Victory medal Dardanelles campaign medal Orient campaign medal 1914–1918 Commemorative war medal Medal of French Gratitude Medal for Victims of the Invasion Medal for civilian prisoners, hostages and prisoners of the 1914-1918 Great War

1918–1939 (Interwar period)

Syria-Cilicia commemorative medal

1939–1945: World War II

Commemorative medal for voluntary service in Free France 1943-1944 Italian Campaign medal Medal for deportation and internment for acts of resistance Political deportation and internment medal Médaille commémorative de la guerre 1939–1945 Medal of a liberated France Recusant's insignia

Since 1945

Commemorative medal for United Nations operations in Korea Indochina Campaign commemorative medal Middle East operations commemorative medal (1956) North Africa Security and Order Operations Commemorative Medal North Africa medal United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon medal French commemorative medal Medal for the Military Protection of the Territory

Defunct orders

Ministry orders

Ordre du Mérite combattant Ordre du Mérite militaire Ordre du Mérite civil Ordre du Mérite social Ordre du Mérite du Travail Ordre du Mérite touristique Ordre de l'Économie nationale Ordre du Mérite commercial et industriel Ordre du Mérite artisanal Ordre de la Santé publique Ordre du Mérite postal Ordre du Mérite sportif

Colonial orders

Ordre du Mérite indochinois Ordre du Mérite saharien Ordre de l'Étoile Noire Ordre de l'Étoile d'Anjouan Ordre du Nichan el Anouar Ordre impérial du Dragon d'Annam Ordre royal du Cambodge

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