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Cola
Cola
is a sweetened, carbonated soft drink, made from ingredients that contain caffeine from the kola nut and non-cocaine derivatives from coca leaves, flavored with vanilla and other ingredients. Most colas now use other flavoring (and caffeinating) ingredients with a similar taste. Colas became popular worldwide after pharmacist John Pemberton invented Coca-Cola
Coca-Cola
in 1886.[1] His non-alcoholic recipe was inspired by the coca wine of pharmacist Angelo Mariani, created in 1863.[1] Modern colas usually contain caramel color, caffeine, and sweeteners such as sugar or high-fructose corn syrup. They now come in numerous different brands. Among them, the most popular are Coca-Cola
Coca-Cola
and Pepsi-Cola. These two cola companies have a rivalry.

Contents

1 Flavorings 2 Clear cola 3 Health effects 4 Regional brands

4.1 Asia 4.2 Europe 4.3 North America 4.4 South America 4.5 Oceania

5 See also 6 References 7 External links

Flavorings[edit] The primary modern flavoring ingredients in a cola drink are sugar, citrus oils (from oranges, limes, or lemon fruit peel), cinnamon, vanilla, and an acidic flavorant.[2][3] Manufacturers of cola drinks add trace ingredients to create distinctively different tastes for each brand. Trace flavorings may include nutmeg and a wide variety of ingredients, but the base flavorings that most people identify with a cola taste remain vanilla and cinnamon. Acidity is often provided by phosphoric acid, sometimes accompanied by citric or other isolated acids. Coca-Cola's recipe is maintained as a corporate trade secret. A variety of different sweeteners may be added to cola, often partly dependent on local agricultural policy. High-fructose corn syrup (HFCS) is predominantly used in the United States
United States
and Canada due to the lower cost of government-subsidized corn. In Europe, however, HFCS is subject to production quotas designed to encourage the production of sugar; sugar is thus typically used to sweeten sodas.[4] In addition, stevia or an artificial sweetener may be used; "sugar-free" or "diet" colas typically contain artificial sweeteners only. Cola
Cola
can be manufactured with sugar as in Mexican Coca-Cola.[5][6] Kosher
Kosher
for Passover
Passover
Coca-Cola
Coca-Cola
sold in the U.S. around the Jewish holiday also uses sucrose rather than HFCS and is also highly sought after by people who prefer the original taste.[7] In addition, PepsiCo has recently been marketing versions of its Pepsi
Pepsi
and Mountain Dew sodas that are sweetened with sugar instead of HFCS. These are marketed under the name Throwback and became permanent products.[8] Clear cola[edit]

Crystal Pepsi, 20 oz. bottle, as seen in the US in 2016

In the 1940s, Coca-Cola
Coca-Cola
produced White Coke
White Coke
at the request of Marshal of the Soviet Union Georgy Zhukov. Clear colas were again produced during the Clear Craze
Clear Craze
of the early 1990s. Brands included Crystal Pepsi, Tab Clear, and 7 Up Ice Cola. Crystal Pepsi
Pepsi
has been repeatedly reintroduced in the 2010s. In Denmark
Denmark
a popular clear cola was made by the Cooperative
Cooperative
FDB in 1976. It was especially known for being the "Hippie Cola" because of the focus of the harmful effects the colour additive could have on children, and the boycott of multinational brands. It was inspired by a campaign on harmful additives in Denmark
Denmark
by the Environmental-Organisation NOAH, an independent danish division of Friends of the Earth. This was followed up with a variete of sodas without artificial clouring[9] Today many organic colas are available in Denmark, but for nostalgic reasons the Cola
Cola
still has remained its popularity to a certain degree [10] Health effects[edit] Further information: Criticism of Coca-Cola
Coca-Cola
§ Health effects A 2007 study found that consumption of colas, both those with natural sweetening and those with artificial sweetening, was associated with increased risk of chronic kidney disease. The phosphoric acid used in colas was thought to be a possible cause.[11] Studies indicate "soda and sweetened drinks are the main source of calories in [the] American diet",[12] so most nutritionists advise that Coca-Cola
Coca-Cola
and other soft drinks can be harmful if consumed excessively, particularly to young children whose soft drink consumption competes with, rather than complements, a balanced diet. Studies have shown that regular soft drink users have a lower intake of calcium, magnesium, ascorbic acid, riboflavin, and vitamin A.[13] The drink has also aroused criticism for its use of caffeine, which can cause physical dependence (caffeine addiction).[14] A link has been shown between long-term regular cola intake and osteoporosis in older women (but not men).[15] This was thought to be due to the presence of phosphoric acid, and the risk was found to be the same for caffeinated and noncaffeinated colas, as well as the same for diet and sugared colas. Many soft drinks are sweetened mostly or entirely with high-fructose corn syrup, rather than sugar. Some nutritionists caution against consumption of corn syrup because it may aggravate obesity and type-2 diabetes more than cane sugar.[16] Regional brands[edit] See also: Cola
Cola
brands (shown below) and Category: Cola
Cola
brands

This article contains a list of miscellaneous information. Please relocate any relevant information into other sections or articles. (December 2017)

Asia[edit]

Amrat Cola, popular in Pakistan Big Cola, popular in Indonesia Bovonto, popular in South India Campa Cola
Campa Cola
was India's most popular brand prior to the introduction of Coca-Cola
Coca-Cola
and Pepsi
Pepsi
to the Indian market in 1991 Clemon by Akij Group, popular in Bangladesh Cola Turka
Cola Turka
is a local brand in Turkey Est Cola, a local brand in Thailand Future Cola, a local brand in China Laoshan Cola, a local brand in China Mecca Cola, sold in the Middle East, North Africa, as well as parts of Europe Pakola, popular in Pakistan Parsi Cola, popular in Iran Red Bull Cola, popular in Thailand Thums Up, popular in India Topsia Cola, popular in Iran Zamzam Cola, popular in Iran and parts of the Arab world

Europe[edit]

Bottles of "Berry cola", a soft drink produced in Indre
Indre
(France).

Afri-Cola, a German brand, was relaunched in April 2006 with the original formulation with the higher caffeine content. Barr Cola made by A.G. Barr (the makers of the popular Irn Bru
Irn Bru
drink) in the United Kingdom Breizh Cola
Breizh Cola
is a local brand from Brittany
Brittany
(France).[17] Brisa Cola
Cola
is a local brand from Madeira, Portugal
Portugal
and produced by Empresa de Cervejas da Madeira. Cockta
Cockta
is a local brand from former Yugoslavia, which does not contain any caffeine or phosphoric acid. Corsica Cola
Corsica Cola
is a regional cola distributed by the Corsican brewery Pietra. Cuba Cola is the native cola of Sweden. Evoca Cola is a cola made with mineral water made by Evoca Drinks. Fentimans
Fentimans
Curiosity Cola, is an upmarket botanically brewed cola produced by Fentimans, from the UK. Fritz-Kola, a cola soft drink from Hamburg, Germany, uses the highest possible concentration of caffeine for beverages allowed by German law. Jolly Cola, which was more popular than Coca-Cola
Coca-Cola
and Pepsi
Pepsi
Cola during the 1960s and 1970s in Denmark.[citation needed] Karma Cola, fair trade cola from the UK Kofola
Kofola
is the primary rival to Coca-Cola
Coca-Cola
and Pepsi
Pepsi
in the Czech Republic and Slovakia, and does not contain phosphoric acid. Planet Cola, a brand sold at Auchan Polo-Cockta, a Polish brand Red Bull Cola
Red Bull Cola
has been available throughout Europe since 2008. Sky Cola, a Bosnian brand since 2002 made by water-bottling company Sarajevski kiseljak[18] Sky Cola, a Croatian brand since 2002 made by water-bottling company Jamnica Ubuntu Cola
Ubuntu Cola
is a fair trade cola from the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
available in parts of Western Europe. Virgin Cola was popular in South Africa
South Africa
and Western Europe
Western Europe
in the 1990s but has waned in availability. Vita-Cola
Vita-Cola
is a German cola brand with a distinct citrus flavor; nowadays it is mostly sold in eastern Germany. XL Cola was a Swedish cola brand introduced in 1985, but the drink is not at the market anymore.

North America[edit]

Coca-Cola

Big Cola, made by Peruvian transnational Ajegroup, sold in the northern parts of Mexico Coca-Cola, often referred to simply as Coke, is one of the most popular cola brands in North America and worldwide. Cott
Cott
produces many house brand beverages as well as its own line of products, most notably its Black Cherry cola. The Double Cola Company, Double Cola Faygo
Faygo
Cola
Cola
is distributed in the Eastern United States
United States
and can be found in some regions of Canada. Fentimans
Fentimans
Curiosity Cola, originating from the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
in 1905, now sold across Europe and North America Jarritos
Jarritos
Cola
Cola
is a brand of cola from Mexico, native to Mexico and widely distributed to Latino residents of the United States. Jolt Cola
Jolt Cola
is sold by Wet Planet Beverages of Rochester, New York. Jones Soda
Jones Soda
also makes a cola using cane sugar. Pepsi-Cola, often referred to simply as Pepsi, produced and manufactured by PepsiCo, is also one of the most popular cola brands in North America and worldwide. PepsiCo
PepsiCo
is the main competitor of Coca-Cola. Polar Beverages
Polar Beverages
of Worcester, MA produces its own brand of cola under the Polar name. Red Bull Cola
Red Bull Cola
was available in the United States
United States
from 2008-2011. RC Cola, short for Royal Crown Cola, produced by the Dr Pepper Snapple Group Shasta Cola, produced by Shasta TuKola
TuKola
and Tropicola are brands from Cuba
Cuba
(also sold widely in Italy). Zevia
Zevia
Cola
Cola
is a zero calorie soft drink sweetened with Stevia
Stevia
combined with Monk Fruit and Erythritol.

South America[edit]

Big Cola, a cola produced by Peruvian company Ajegroup
Ajegroup
which operates in 14 countries in Latin America[19] Perú Cola, created by Peruvian bottler Embotelladora Don Jorge S.A.C. to compete with Coca-Cola
Coca-Cola
and Kola.Real[20]

Oceania[edit]

LA Ice Cola
LA Ice Cola
is an Australian cola owned by P&N Beverages, similar to Coca-Cola
Coca-Cola
and Pepsi, which are its rivals.

See also[edit]

Drink portal

Cola
Cola
chicken Cola
Cola
wars Open-source colas – soft drinks whose recipe is open sourced Champagne cola, a similar category of soft drinks List of brand name soft drinks products List of soft drink flavors List of soft drink producers List of soft drinks by country

References[edit]

^ a b " Coca
Coca
Wine". Cocaine.org. Retrieved September 29, 2013.  ^ DeNeefe, Janet (March 13, 2008). "The Exotic Romance of Tamarind". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved September 29, 2013.  ^ " Cola
Cola
2". Sparror.cubecinema.com. Retrieved September 29, 2013.  ^ M. Ataman Aksoy; John C. Beghin, eds. (2005). " Sugar
Sugar
Policies: An Opportunity for Change". Global Agricultural Trade and Developing Countries. World Bank Publications. p. 329. ISBN 0-8213-5863-4.  ^ Is Mexican Coke
Mexican Coke
the real thing? By Louise Chu Associated Press November 9, 2004 The San Diego Union-Tribune ^ "Coke". Seattletimes.nwsource.com. October 29, 2004. Archived from the original on June 29, 2011. Retrieved September 29, 2013.  ^ Dixon, Duffie (April 9, 2009). " Kosher
Kosher
Coke". USAtoday.com. Retrieved September 29, 2013.  ^ Horovitz, Bruce (March 11, 2011). "Pepsi, Frito-Lay capitalize on fond thoughts of the good ol' days". USA Today. Retrieved September 29, 2011.  ^ http://classic.samvirke.dk/node/287945 ^ https://www.bt.dk/danmark/husker-du-kult-colaen-vender-endelig-tilbage ^ Tina M. Saldana; Olga Basso; Rebecca Darden; Dale P. Sandler (2007). "Carbonated beverages and chronic kidney disease". Epidemiology. 18 (4): 501–6. doi:10.1097/EDE.0b013e3180646338. PMC 3433753 . PMID 17525693.  ^ "Preliminary Data Suggest That Soda And Sweet Drinks Are The Main Source Of Calories In American Diet". Sciencedaily.com. May 27, 2005. Retrieved July 2, 2011.  ^ Jacobson, Michael F. (2005). "Liquid Candy: How Soft Drinks are Harming Americans' Health", pp. 5–6. Center for Science in the Public Interest. Retrieved October 13, 2010. ^ Center for Science in the Public Interest
Center for Science in the Public Interest
(1997). "Label Caffeine Content of Foods, Scientists Tell FDA." Retrieved June 10, 2005. Archived July 10, 2007, at WebCite ^ Tucker KL, Morita K, Qiao N, Hannan MT, Cupples LA, Kiel DP (October 1, 2006). "Colas, but not other carbonated beverages, are associated with low bone mineral density in older women: The Framingham Osteoporosis
Osteoporosis
Study" (PDF). American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 84 (4): 336–342. PMID 17023723. Retrieved April 21, 2008.  ^ "Single food ingredient the cause of obesity ? New study has industry up in arms". (April 26, 2004). FoodNavigator.com. Retrieved February 27, 2007. ^ "Le Breizh Cola
Breizh Cola
sera intégralement produit en Bretagne". Ouest France. Retrieved 11 October 2017.  ^ "Sky Cola". SkyCola.  ^ "Ajegroup". Ajegroup. Retrieved September 29, 2013.  ^ "Grupo Perú Cola
Perú Cola
- Hoy el Perú sabe mejor" (in Spanish). Donjorge.com.pe. Retrieved September 29, 2013. 

External links[edit]

Look up cola in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Cola
Cola
and Mentos mints trick Open Cola
Cola
recipe (originally published by Cory Doctorow) Straight Dope article about caffeine levels on soft drinks

v t e

Cola
Cola
brands

Afri- Amrat Apotekarnes Auvergnat Baikal Barr Beed Big Breizh Bubba Campa Cassinelli Cavan China Classic (UK) Club Coca-Cola Cockta Turka Cole Cold Corsica Count Cricket Cuba Diet Coke Diet Rite Double Double Seven El Ché- Est Evoca Export Fada Faygo Fentimans
Fentimans
Curiosity Frescolita Fritz- Fruti Fuji- Future Grandpa Graf's Guaranito Isaac Jolly Jolt Jones Soda Kitty Kofola Real Román Kristal LA Ice Lava Like Mecca- Mr. No Name Olvi Open Pakola Pepsi Parsi Perú Polo-Cockta Pran Premium- President's Choice Qibla RC Red Bull Red Reed's Rola Sam's Choice Schweppes Sinalco Tab Thums Up Topsia Triple tuKola Ubuntu Vess Virgin Vita XL Zamzam Zelal Zevia

v t e

Soft drink
Soft drink
topics

Brands

Cola
Cola
Wars List of brand name soft drinks products List of soft drink flavors List of soft drinks by country

Types

Cola

Cherry cola

Cream soda Diet drink Energy drink Frozen carbonated beverage Ginger ale Ginger beer Grape soft drink Ice cream float Lemon-lime drink Lemonade Orange soft drink Root beer Sports drink

Health

Sugary drinks tax Fat tax

Companies

List of soft drink producers The Coca-Cola
Coca-Cola
Company Cott Dr Pepper Sna

.