^ a. Joined to the federation under the name of
Coahuila y Texas
also recognized as
Coahuila y Tejas.
^ b. The state's
GDP was 275,920,781 thousand of pesos in 2008,
amount corresponding to 21,556,311.01 thousand of dollars , being a
dollar worth 12.80 pesos (value of June 3, 2010).
COAHUILA (Spanish pronunciation: ( listen )), formally COAHUILA DE
ZARAGOZA (American Spanish: ), officially the FREE AND SOVEREIGN
STATE OF COAHUILA DE ZARAGOZA (Spanish : Estado Libre y Soberano de
Coahuila de Zaragoza), is one of the 31 states which, along with
Mexico City , compose the 32 Federal Entities of
Mexico . It is named
in honor of General Ignacio Zaragoza .
Coahuila borders the Mexican states of
Nuevo León to the east,
San Luis Potosí
San Luis Potosí to the south, and
Durango and Chihuahua
to the west. To the north,
Coahuila accounts for a 512 kilometres (318
mi) stretch of the
Mexico–United States border , adjacent to the
U.S. state of
Texas along the course of the
Rio Grande (Río Bravo del
Norte). With an area of 151,563 square kilometres (58,519 sq mi), it
is the nation's third-largest state. It comprises 38 municipalities
(municipios ). In 2010, Coahuila's population is 2,748,391
The five largest cities in
Coahuila are the state capital city of
Saltillo ; the second largest is
Torreón , third largest is Monclova
(a former state capital), fourth largest is
Ciudad Acuña , and fifth
largest is Piedras Negras .
* 1 History
* 2 Geography
* 2.1 Flora and fauna
* 3 Demographics
* 4 Education
* 4.1 Basic education
* 4.2 Higher education
* 4.2.1 Iberoamerican University (Universidad Iberoamericana)
* 4.2.2 Technological Institute of La Laguna (Instituto Tecnológico
de la Laguna)
* 4.2.3 Technological Institute of
Saltillo (Instituto Tecnológico
* 4.2.4 Monterrey Institute Of Technology and Higher Studies
* 4.2.5 Autonomous University of La Laguna
* 4.2.6 Antonio Narro Agrarian Autonomous University (UAAAN)
Autonomous University of Coahuila (Universidad Autónoma de
* 5 Economy
* 6 Municipalities
* 7 Major communities
* 8 List of governors
* 9 Notable people
* 10 See also
* 11 References
* 12 External links
Coahuila derives from native terms for the region, and has
been known by variations such as Cuagüila and Cuauila. Some
historians believe that this means “flying serpent”, “place of
many trees”, or “place where serpents creep”. The official name
of the state is
Coahuila de Zaragoza, in honor of General Ignacio
The Spanish explored the north of
Mexico some decades after their
Tenochtitlan the capital of the Aztecs. Such exploration
was delayed because the northern climate was harsher and there was no
gold. The first Spanish settlement in the region now called Coahuila
was at Minas de la Trinidad in 1577.
Saltillo was settled in 1586, to
form part of the province of
Nueva Vizcaya of the Vice-royalty of New
Spain . Later it became one of the first provinces of Nueva
Extremadura to be explored by Europeans.
Coahuila and Texas" was one of the constituent states of the newly
United Mexican States under their 1824 Constitution , and
Nuevo León . Later in the same year
Nuevo León was detached, but
Texas remained a part of the state until
1836, when it seceded to form the Republic of
Monclova was the
capital of the state from 1833 to 1835.
Coahuila briefly became a member of the short lived Republic
Rio Grande .
On February 19, 1856,
Santiago Vidaurri annexed
Coahuila to his
Nuevo León , but it regained its separate status in 1868.
Mexican Revolution ,
Francisco Villa attacked the city of
Torreón . The U.S.–
Mexico border fence near
Texas and Coahuila
On April 4, 2004, the border city of Piedras Negras was flooded. More
than 30 people died and more than 4,000 lost their homes. In 2007
Coahuila became the first state in
Mexico to offer civil unions (Pacto
Civil de Solidaridad) to same-sex couples.
Sierra Madre Oriental runs northwest to southeast through the
State, and the higher elevations are home to the Sierra Madre Oriental
pine-oak forests . The northernmost fingers of the Sierra Madre
Sierra del Burro and the
Sierra del Carmen , reach to
the border with the United States at the
Rio Grande .
East of the range, the land slopes gently toward the Rio Grande, and
is drained by several rivers, including the Salado and its tributary,
Sabinas River. The
Tamaulipan mezquital , a dry shrubland
ecoregion , occupies the eastern portion of the State, and extends
Rio Grande into southern Texas.
The portion of the State west of the
Sierra Madre Oriental lies on
Mexican Plateau , and is part of the
Chihuahuan Desert . The
Bolsón de Mapimí is a large endorheic basin which covers much of the
western portion of the State and extends into adjacent portions of
Chihuahua, Durango, and Zacatecas. The
Nazas River , which flows east
from Durango, and the
Aguanaval River , which flows north from
Zacatecas, empty into lakes in the Bolsón.
Torreón , the most
populous city in the State, lies on the Nazas in the irrigated Laguna
Region , the (Comarca Lagunera), which straddles the border of
Coahuila and Durango.
Coahuila contains two biosphere reserves .
Maderas del Carmen lies on
the northern border of the State, and includes sections of the
Chihuahuan desert and sky islands of pine-oak forest in the Sierra del
Carmen . The springs, lakes, and wetlands of
Cuatro Ciénegas lie west
Monclova on the west slope of the Sierra Madre.
Coahuila is largely arid or semi-arid, but the rivers of the State
support extensive irrigated agriculture, particularly cotton . The
Parras district in the southern part of the State produces wines and
brandies. The pine-oak forests of the Sierra Madre produce timber.
FLORA AND FAUNA
FLORA AND FAUNA OF COAHUILA
RELIGION IN COAHUILA (2010 CENSUS)
The last population census run across
Mexico in the year 2010,
Coahuila de Zaragoza as having 2,748,391 inhabitants, which,
considering its size, means that the state has a very low density, in
fact as low as only 15 persons per square kilometer.
Coahuila's population is mainly made up of Criollos along with
Mestizos . Less than 7,500 natives reside in Coahuila, or merely 0.3%
of the total population. The rest of the population is composed of
North American, Canadian , and Japanese communities.
The rest of the demographic particulars in the state are very similar
to national averages, such as a high life expectancy (reaching 75
years of age) and a Catholic majority.
Basic public education in
Coahuila is mainly managed by the state's
Secretary of Education, but federal-sustained schools are also very
common. There are also a lot of private schools in the main cities of
Some of the most recognized universities in
Iberoamerican University (Universidad Iberoamericana)
A private university part of the Jesuit University System with a
Torreón and a university extension center in Saltillo.
Building at the Iberoamerican University
Technological Institute Of La Laguna (Instituto Tecnológico De La
The most recognized public technological university of La Laguna
Region located in the city of Torreón.
Technological Institute Of
Saltillo (Instituto Tecnológico De
Monterrey Institute Of Technology And Higher Studies
It is the most known technological university in
Mexico with two
campuses: one in
Saltillo and another one in Torreón.
Autonomous University Of La Laguna
Antonio Narro Agrarian Autonomous University (UAAAN)
Autonomous University Of
Coahuila (Universidad Autónoma De Coahuila)
It is considered the best public university of the states and it has
campuses and schools all across Coahuila.
About 95% of Mexico's coal reserves are found in Coahuila, which is
the country's top mining state.
Met-Mex Peñoles , a mining company. The city is the
world's largest silver producer and Mexico's largest gold producer. It
also has Lala, a dairy products company, which produces 40% of
Mexico's milk consumption.
Saltillo also has a growing automobile industry, hosting General
Chrysler assembly plants.
As of 2005, Coahuila's economy represents 3.5% of Mexico's total
gross domestic product or US$22,874 million. Coahuila's economy has a
strong focus on export oriented manufacturing (i.e. maquiladora /
INMEX ). As of 2005, 221,273 people are employed in the manufacturing
sector. Foreign direct investment in
Coahuila was US$143.1 million
for 2005. The average wage for an employee in
approximately 190 pesos per day.
On the other hand,
Coahuila is the Mexican state with the highest
level of public debt in the nation.
Coahuila is subdivided into five regions and 38 municipalities
(municipios ). For a full list with municipal seats, see:
Saltillo , the capital of Coahuila.
Ciudad Melchor Múzquiz
* Francisco I. Madero
Parras de la Fuente
* Piedras Negras
* San Pedro
LIST OF GOVERNORS
Governor of Coahuila
This list is incomplete
José María Garza Galán (1886–1893)
* José María Múzquiz (1894)
Miguel Cárdenas (1894–1909)
* Jesús de Valle (1909–1911)
Venustiano Carranza (1911–1913)
* Gustavo Espinoza Mireles (1917–1920)
* Luis Gutiérrez Ortíz (1920–1921)
Arnulfo González (1921–1923)
* Carlos Garza Castro (1923–1925)
Manuel Pérez Treviño (1925–1929)
* Bruno Neira González (1929-1929)
* Nazario S. Ortiz Garza (1929–1933)
* Jesús Valdez Sánchez (1933–1937)
* Pedro Rodríguez Triana (1937–1941)
* Gabriel Cervera Riza (1941-1941)
* Benecio López Padilla (1941–1945)
* Ignacio Cepeda Dávila (1945–1947)
* Ricardo Ainslie Rivera (1947–1948)
* Paz Faz Risa (1948-1948)
* Raúl López Sánchez (1948–1951)
* Roman Cepeda Flores (1951–1957)
* Raúl Madero González (1957–1963)
* Braulio Fernández Aguirre (1963–1969)
Eulalio Gutiérrez Treviño (1969–1975)
Oscar Flores Tapia (1975–1981)
Francisco José Madero González (1981-1981)
José de las Fuentes Rodríguez (1981–1987)
Eliseo Mendoza Berrueto (1987–1993)
Rogelio Montemayor Seguy (1993–1999)
Enrique Martínez y Martínez (1999–2005)
Humberto Moreira Valdés (2005–2011) (Left)
Jorge Torres López (2011) (Humberto Moreira's substitute)
Rubén Moreira Valdez (2011–2017)
Venustiano Carranza - President of
Luis Farell - Combat pilot and general
Eulalio Gutiérrez - President of
Joakim Soria -
Pablo Montero - Singer and actor
Horacio Piña -
Mario Domm - musician and lead singer of Mexican pop band Camila
Sangre Chicana - Professional wrestler
Dr. Wagner - Professional wrestler
Dr. Wagner, Jr. - Professional wrestler
Ari Telch - Actor
Andrea Villarreal - Feminist and revolutionary
Rosario Ybarra - Politician and senator
Humberto Zurita - Actor, director and producer
Francisco Indalecio Madero - President of
Mexico November 1911 –
Reading Wood Black - Founder of Uvalde,
Texas , spent American
Civil War years in Coahuila
Susana Zabaleta - singer and actress
Oribe Peralta - football player
Marco Antonio Rubio
Marco Antonio Rubio - Professional boxer
* Geography portal
* North America portal
* Latin America portal
Coahuila y Texas
State Anthem of Coahuila
States of Mexico
* ^ "La diputación provincial y el federalismo mexicano" (in
* ^ "Senadores por
Coahuila LXI Legislatura". Senado de la
Republica. Retrieved October 20, 2010.
* ^ "Listado de Diputados por Grupo Parlamentario del Estado de
Coahuila". Camara de Diputados. Retrieved October 20, 2010.
* ^ "Resumen". Cuentame INEGI. Retrieved February 12, 2013.
* ^ "Relieve". Cuentame INEGI. Retrieved October 20, 2010.
* ^ "Encuesta Intercensal 2015" (PDF). Retrieved December 8, 2015.
* ^ "Coahuila.". 2010. Retrieved October 20, 2010.
* ^ "Reporte: Jueves 3 de Junio del 2010. Cierre del peso
mexicano.". www.pesomexicano.com.mx. Retrieved August 10, 2010.
* ^ "Mexican state moves to allow same-sex unions", Advocate News,
Gay.com, January 11, 2007
* ^ "Censo de Población y Vivienda 2010". INEGI. Retrieved
* ^ "Encuesta Intercensal 2015" (PDF). INEGI. Retrieved 2015-12-08.
* ^ Industrial Costs in
Mexico - A Guide for Foreign Investors
Mexico City: Bancomext. 2007. p. 90.
* ^ Industrial Costs in
Mexico - A Guide for Foreign Investors
Mexico City: Bancomext. 2007. p. 92.
* ^ Benjamin, Thomas, and William McNellie. Other Mexicos: Essays
on Regional Mexican History, 1876-1911. Albuquerque: University of New
Mexico Press, 1984.
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* Geographic data related to
* (in Spanish) Coahuila