Clovis (given name)
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Clovis is the modern conventional French (and thence English) form of the
Old Frankish Frankish (language reconstruction, reconstructed endonym: *), also known as Old Franconian or Old Frankish, was the West Germanic language spoken by the Franks between the 4th and 8th century. After the Salian Franks settled in Roman Gaul, its ...
name ᚺᛚᛟᛞᛟᚹᛁᚷ (in
runic alphabet Runes are the letters in a set of related alphabet An alphabet is a standardized set of basic written symbols or graphemes (called letter (alphabet), letters) that represent the phonemes of certain spoken languages. Not all writing syste ...
) or *"Hlōdowik" or "Hlōdowig" (in
Latin alphabet The Latin alphabet or Roman alphabet is the collection of letters originally used by the ancient Romans In historiography Historiography is the study of the methods of historian ( 484– 425 BC) was a Greek historian who lived ...

Latin alphabet
), equivalent to the modern forms
LouisLouis may refer to: * Louis (given name) Louis is the French language, French form of the Old Frankish language, Old Frankish given name Clovis (given name), Chlodowig and one of two English language, English forms, the other being Lewis (given nam ...
(French),
Lodewijk Lodewijk () is the Dutch name for Louis. In specific it may refer to: Given name Literature * Lodewijk Hartog van Banda (1916–2006), Dutch comic strip writer * Lodewijk Paul Aalbrecht Boon, Flemish writer * Lodewijk van Deyssel, late 19th ...

Lodewijk
(Dutch),
Lewis Lewis may refer to: Names * Lewis (given name) Lewis () is a masculine English given name, English-language given name. It was coined as an anglicisation of given names in other languages. "Lewis" has been used to anglicise the Irish language, Ir ...
(English), and
Ludwig Ludwig may refer to: People * Ludwig (given name), a German name * Ludwig (surname), a German surname * Ludwig Ahgren, an American Twitch streamer and YouTuber who uses the mononym "Ludwig" Arts and entertainment * Ludwig (cartoon), ''Ludwig'' (car ...
(German).


Etymology

The name *''Hlōdowik'' or *''Hlōdowig'' is traditionally considered to be composed of two elements, deriving from both
Proto-Germanic Proto-Germanic (abbreviated PGmc; also called Common Germanic) is the reconstructed Reconstruction may refer to: Politics, history, and sociology *Reconstruction (law), the transfer of a company's (or several companies') business to a new ...
''*hlūdaz'' ("loud, famous") and ''*wiganą'' ("to battle, to fight") respectively, resulting in the traditional practice of translating Clovis' name as meaning "famous warrior". However, scholars have pointed out that
Gregory of Tours Gregory of Tours (30 November 538 – 17 November 594 AD) was a Gallo-Roman The term "Gallo-Roman" describes the Romanization (cultural), Romanized culture of Gaul under the rule of the Roman Empire. This was characterized by the Gaulish ...
consequently transcribes the names of various Merovingian royal names containing the first element as ''chlodo-''. The use of a close-mid back protruded vowel (o), rather than the expected
close back rounded vowel The close back rounded vowel, or high back rounded vowel, is a type of vowel A vowel is a Syllable, syllabic speech sound pronounced without any stricture in the vocal tract. Vowels are one of the two principal classes of speech sounds, the ot ...
(u) which Gregory does use in various other Germanic names (i.e. Fredegundis, Arnulfus, Gundobadus, etc.) opens up the possibility that the first element instead derives from
Proto-Germanic Proto-Germanic (abbreviated PGmc; also called Common Germanic) is the reconstructed Reconstruction may refer to: Politics, history, and sociology *Reconstruction (law), the transfer of a company's (or several companies') business to a new ...
''*hlutą'' ("lot, share, portion"), giving the meaning of the name as "loot bringer" or "plunder (bringing) warrior". This hypothesis is supported by the fact that if the first element is taken to mean "famous", then the name of
Chlodomer Chlodomer, also spelled Clodomir or Clodomer (c. 495 - 524) was the second of the four sons of Clovis I, King of the Franks. On the death of his father, in 511, he divided the kingdom of the Franks The Franks ( la, Franci or ) were a group of ...
(one of Clovis' sons) would contain two elements (''*hlūdaz'' and ''*mērijaz'') both meaning "famous", which would be highly uncommon within the typical
Germanic name Germanic languages, Germanic given names are traditionally wikt:dithematic, dithematic; that is, they are formed from two elements, by joining a prefix and a suffix. For example, Ethelred II of England, King Æþelred's name was derived from ', fo ...
structure.


Frankish royalty

*
Clovis I Clovis ( la, Chlodovechus; reconstructed Frankish Frankish may refer to: * Franks The Franks ( la, Franci or ) were a group of Germanic peoples The historical Germanic peoples (from lat, Germani) are a category of ancient northern Eu ...

Clovis I
(c. 466–511), the first king of the Franks to unite all the Frankish tribes under one ruler *
Clovis II Clovis II (633 – 657) was Neustria, King of Neustria and King of Burgundy, Burgundy, having succeeded his father Dagobert I in 639. His brother Sigebert III had been Austrasia, King of Austrasia since 634. He was initially under the regency ...

Clovis II
(637–c. 658), king of Neustria and Burgundy *
Clovis III Clovis III was the Frankish king The Franks were originally led by Dux, dukes (military leaders) and Monarch, reguli (petty kings). The Salian Franks, Salian Merovingian dynasty, Merovingians rose to dominance among the Franks and conquered m ...
(reigned 675–676), the king of Austrasia *
Clovis IV Clovis IV (c. 677–694/695) was the king of the Franks The Franks The Franks ( la, Franci or ) were a group of Germanic peoples The historical Germanic peoples (from lat, Germani) are a category of ancient northern European tribes ...

Clovis IV
(682–695), the sole king of the Franks from 691 until 695 * Clovis (died 580), son of
Chilperic I Chilperic I (c. 539 – September 584) was the king of Neustria (or Soissons) from 561 to his death. He was one of the sons of the Frankish king Clotaire I and Queen Aregund. Life Immediately after the death of his father in 561, he ende ...
and Audovera, assassinated by his father and stepmother *
Louis the Pious Louis the Pious (16 April 778 – 20 June 840), also called the Fair, and the Debonaire, was King of the Franks The Franks The Franks ( la, Franci or ) were a group of Germanic peoples The historical Germanic peoples (from lat, ...

Louis the Pious
, son of Charlemagne,
King of Aquitaine The Duchy of Aquitaine ( oc, Ducat d'Aquitània, ; french: Duché d'Aquitaine, ) was a historical fiefdom in western, central and southern areas of present-day France to the south of the Loire River, although its extent, as well as its name, fluctu ...
from 781 and sole ruler of the Franks 814-840, but counted as "Louis I of France" even though
West Francia In medieval history, West Francia (Medieval Latin: ) or the Kingdom of the West Franks () refers to the western part of the Francia, Frankish Empire established by Charlemagne. It represents the earliest stage of the Kingdom of France, lasting fro ...
(the nucleus of the later kingdom of France) was formed only after his death.


Modern use

Because of the importance of
Clovis I Clovis ( la, Chlodovechus; reconstructed Frankish Frankish may refer to: * Franks The Franks ( la, Franci or ) were a group of Germanic peoples The historical Germanic peoples (from lat, Germani) are a category of ancient northern Eu ...

Clovis I
in the national historiography of France, the form ''Clovis'' has been occasionally revived beginning in the 19th century. In the same period, the form ''Chlodwig'' has seen some limited use in Germany. The name ''Chlodwig'' is not now in use as a given name in Germany, but it exists as a surname, with a very limited (five individuals) found in the German phonebook as of 2013; se
verwandt.de
Somewhat more widespread as a surname is the variant ''Klodwig'' (67 entries

/ref> * Chlodwig, Prince of Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst (1819–1901) * Clovis Hugues (1851-1907), French author * Chlodwig, Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal-Barchfeld (1876–1954) * Clovis Trouille (1889-1975), French painter * Clovis-Thomas Richard (1892-1976), Canadian politician * Clovis Renaison (1892-1989), French Senator * Clovis E. Byers (1899-1979), American general * Clovis Cornillac (b. 1967), French actor * Clovis Kamdjo (b. 1990), Cameroonian footballer


Fictional characters

* List of Code Geass characters#Clovis la Britannia, Clovis la Britannia, a character in the anime series ''Code Geass'' * Clovis, the main antagonist in the Blade Runner (1997 video game), 1997 ''Blade Runner'' video game * Clovis Sangrail, a character in the short stories of Saki * Clovis, a minor character in Rick Riordan's Heroes of Olympus series. * Clovis, a major supporting character in Keith Knight (cartoonist), Keith Knight's Woke (TV series), Woke series. * List of Star Wars characters#Rush Clovis, Rush Clovis, supporting character in the Star Wars Universe who appears in Star Wars: The Clone Wars (2008_TV_series), Star Wars: The Clone Wars. * Clovis Bray, a character appearing in the lore of the games Destiny (video game), Destiny and Destiny 2 and later revealed as a character in Destiny 2: Beyond Light.


References


See also

* Clovis (disambiguation) {{given name