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Claire Trevor
Claire Trevor
(born Claire Wemlinger; March 8, 1910[1][2][3][4][5] – April 8, 2000) was an American actress. She appeared in over 60 films, winning the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for her role in Key Largo, and earning nominations for her roles in The High and the Mighty and Dead End. She also received top-billing in Stagecoach.

Contents

1 Early life 2 Career 3 Personal life 4 Death 5 Legacy 6 Filmography 7 Radio appearances 8 References 9 Further reading 10 External links

Early life[edit] Trevor was born in Bensonhurst, Brooklyn, the only child of Noel Wemlinger, a Fifth Avenue
Fifth Avenue
merchant tailor, and his wife, Benjamina ("Betty") Wemlinger, of French and Irish birth, respectively. She grew up in Larchmont, New York.[6] For many years, her year of birth was misreported as 1909, a rare instance of an actress actually being younger than her given age, which is why her age at death was initially given as 91 and not 90.[7] She was of German, Irish and French descent.[6] Career[edit]

With Fred MacMurray
Fred MacMurray
(r.) in Borderline (1950)

According to her biography on the website of Claire Trevor
Claire Trevor
School of the Arts, "Trevor's acting career spanned more than seven decades and included successes in stage, radio, television and film...[She] often played the hard-boiled blonde, and every conceivable type of 'bad girl' role."[8] After completing high school, Trevor began her career with six months of art classes at Columbia University
Columbia University
and six months at the American Academy of Dramatic Arts. She made her stage debut in the summer of 1929 with a repertory company in Ann Arbor, Michigan. She subsequently returned to New York where she appeared in a number of Brooklyn-filmed Vitaphone
Vitaphone
short films and performed in summer stock theatre.[6] By 1932 she was starring on Broadway as the female lead in Whistling in the Dark.[6] Her first credited film role was in the 1933 film Life in the Raw, with her feature film debut coming that same year in Jimmy and Sally (1933) as Sally Johnson. From 1933 to 1938, Trevor starred in 29 films, often having either the lead role or the role of heroine. In 1937, she was the second lead actress (after top-billed Sylvia Sidney) in Dead End, playing opposite Humphrey Bogart, which led to her nomination for Best Supporting Actress. From 1937 to 1940, she appeared with Edward G. Robinson
Edward G. Robinson
in the popular radio series Big Town
Big Town
while continuing to make movies. In the early 1940s, she also was a regular on The Old Gold Don Ameche Show on the NBC Red radio network, starring with Ameche in presentations of plays by Mark Hellinger.[9] By 1939, she was well established as a solid leading lady. Some of her more memorable performances during this period include the classic 1939 western Stagecoach.[6]. Over a decade later, gained her third and final Oscar nomination for her performance in The High and the Mighty.[6]

In The High and the Mighty (1954), which earned her an Academy Award nomination for Best Supporting Actress

Two of Trevor's most memorable roles were opposite Dick Powell
Dick Powell
in Murder, My Sweet
Murder, My Sweet
and with Lawrence Tierney
Lawrence Tierney
in Born to Kill. Key Largo, the following year, gave Trevor the role of Gaye Dawn, the washed-up nightclub singer and gangster's moll, for which she won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress. In 1957, she won an Emmy
Emmy
for her role in the Producers' Showcase episode entitled Dodsworth.[10][6] Trevor moved into supporting roles in the 1950s, with her appearances becoming increasingly rare after the mid-1960s. She returned for one final theatrical film as the mother of Sally Field's character in Kiss Me Goodbye (1982).[6] Her last film was the 1987 television movie Norman Rockwell's Breaking Home Ties. Trevor made a guest appearance at the 70th Academy Awards in 1998. Personal life[edit] Trevor married Clark Andrews, director of her radio show, in 1938, but they divorced four years later. Her second marriage in 1943 to Navy lieutenant Cylos William Dunsmore produced her only child, son Charles.[11] The marriage ended in divorce in 1947. The next year, Trevor married Milton Bren, a film producer with two sons from a previous marriage, and moved to Newport Beach, California.[6] In 1978, Trevor's son Charles died in the crash of PSA Flight 182, followed by the death of her husband Milton from a brain tumor in 1979. Devastated by these losses, she returned to Manhattan for some years, living in a Fifth Avenue
Fifth Avenue
apartment and taking a few acting roles amid a busy social life.[6] She eventually returned to California, where she remained for the rest of her life, becoming a generous supporter of the arts.[7] Death[edit] Trevor died of respiratory failure in Newport Beach, California, on April 8, 2000, at the age of 90. She was survived by her two stepsons and extended family.[7] For her contribution to the motion picture industry, she has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame
Hollywood Walk of Fame
at 6933 Hollywood Boulevard. Legacy[edit] The Claire Trevor School of the Arts
Claire Trevor School of the Arts
at the University of California, Irvine, was named in Trevor's honor. Her Oscar and Emmy
Emmy
statuettes are on display in the Arts Plaza, next to the Claire Trevor
Claire Trevor
Theatre. Filmography[edit]

Film

Year Film Role Notes

1933 Jimmy and Sally Sally Johnson

The Mad Game Jane Lee

The Last Trail Patricia Carter

Life in the Raw Judy Halloway

1934 Elinor Norton Elinor Norton

Baby Take a Bow Kay Ellison

Wild Gold Jerry Jordan

Hold That Girl Tonie Bellamy

1935 Spring Tonic Betty Ingals

Black Sheep Jeanette Foster

My Marriage Carol Barton

Navy Wife Vicky Blake

Dante's Inferno Betty McWade

1936 Career Woman Carroll Aiken

Star for a Night Nina Lind

To Mary - with Love Kitty Brant

Human Cargo Bonnie Brewster

Song and Dance Man Julia Carroll

15 Maiden Lane Jane Martin

1937 Big Town
Big Town
Girl Fay Loring

Second Honeymoon Marcia

One Mile from Heaven Lucy 'Tex' Warren

King of Gamblers Dixie Moore

Time Out for Romance Barbara Blanchard

Dead End Francey Nominated—Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress

1938 Five of a Kind Christine Nelson

Valley of the Giants Lee Roberts

Walking Down Broadway Joan Bradley

The Amazing Dr. Clitterhouse Jo Keller

1939 Stagecoach Dallas

I Stole a Million Laura Benson

Allegheny Uprising Janie MacDougall

1940 Dark Command Miss Mary Cloud

1941 Texas 'Mike' King

Honky Tonk 'Gold Dust' Nelson

1942 The Adventures of Martin Eden Connie Dawson

Crossroads Michelle Allaine

Street of Chance Ruth Dillon

1943 The Woman of the Town Dora Hand

Good Luck, Mr. Yates Ruth Jones

The Desperadoes Countess Maletta

1944 Murder, My Sweet Mrs. Helen Grayle

1945 Johnny Angel Lilah 'Lily' Gustafson

1946 The Bachelor's Daughters Cynthia

Crack-Up Terry Cordell

1947 Born to Kill Helen Trent

1948 Raw Deal Pat Cameron

The Velvet Touch Marian Webster

The Babe Ruth Story Claire (Hodgson) Ruth

Key Largo Gaye Dawn Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress

1949 The Lucky Stiff Marguerite Seaton

1950 Borderline Madeleine Haley, aka Gladys LaRue

1951 Best of the Badmen Lily

Hard, Fast and Beautiful Millie Farley

1952 Stop, You're Killing Me Nora Marko

My Man and I Mrs. Ansel Ames

Hoodlum Empire Connie Williams

1953 The Stranger Wore a Gun Josie Sullivan

1954 The High and the Mighty May Holst Nominated—Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress

1955 Man Without a Star Idonee

Lucy Gallant Lady MacBeth

1956 The Mountain Marie

1958 Marjorie Morningstar Rose Morgenstern

1962 Two Weeks in Another Town Clara Kruger

1963 The Stripper Helen Baird

1965 How to Murder Your Wife Edna

1967 The Cape Town Affair Sam Williams

1982 Kiss Me Goodbye Charlotte Banning

Television

Year Title Role Notes

1954 The Ford Television Theatre Felicia Crandell episode: The Summer Memory

Lux Video Theatre Ellen Creed episode: Ladies in Retirement Nominated—Primetime Emmy
Emmy
Award for Best Actress in a Single Performance

General Electric Theater Cora Leslie episode: Foggy Night

1955 Lux Video Theatre Mary Scott episode: No Bad Songs for Me

1956 Schlitz Playhouse of Stars Mary Hunter episode: Fool Proof

Producers' Showcase Fran Dodsworth episode: Dodsworth Primetime Emmy
Emmy
Award for Best Single Performance by an Actress

Alfred Hitchcock Presents Mary Prescott episode: Safe Conduct

1957 Playhouse 90 Elizabeth Owen episode: If You Knew Elizabeth

1959 Westinghouse Desilu Playhouse Savannah Brown episode: Happy Hill

Wagon Train C.L. Harding episode: The C.L. Harding Story

The Untouchables Kate Clark 'Ma' Barker episode: Ma Barker and Her Boys

1961 The Investigators Kitty Harper episode: New Sound for the Blues

Alfred Hitchcock Presents Mrs. Meade episode: A Crime for Mothers

1962 Dr. Kildare Veronica Johnson episode: The Bed I've Made

1983 The Love Boat Nancy Fairchild episode: The Misunderstanding/Love Below Decks/The End is Near

1987 Murder, She Wrote Judith Harlan episode: Witness for the Defense

Breaking Home Times Grace Porter (TV film)

Radio appearances[edit]

Year Program Episode/source

1946 Suspense "The Plan"[12]

1946 Reader's Digest -- Radio Edition Two for a Penny[13]

1949 Suspense "The Light Switch"[14]

1952 Hollywood Star Playhouse Father's Day[15]

References[edit]

^ Drew, William M. (1999). At the Center of the Frame: Leading Ladies of the Twenties and Thirties. Vestal Press. p. 319. ISBN 1-879511-42-8.  ^ Hagen, Ray; Laura Wagner (2004). Killer Tomatoes: Fifteen Tough Film Dames. McFarland. p. 222. ISBN 0-7864-1883-4.  ^ Clara Wenlinger [sic], daughter of Noel and Benjamina, age 2 mos, is in the April 1910 Census of Brooklyn Ward 30, District 1054. This places her birth unambiguously in 1910. ^ "Actress Trevor dies at 90". The Charleston Gazette
The Charleston Gazette
Associated Press. April 9, 2000. Retrieved August 4, 2017.  ^ " Claire Trevor
Claire Trevor
biography". filmreference.com. Retrieved August 4, 2017.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j Aronson, Steven M. L. (April 1992). "Claire Trevor's Glamorous Fifth Avenue
Fifth Avenue
Apartment". Architectural Digest. Retrieved March 9, 2017.  ^ a b c "Claire Trevor, 91, Versatile Actress, Dies". The New York Times. 2000-04-10. Retrieved 2009-02-20.  ^ "About Claire Trevor". Claire Trevor School of the Arts
Claire Trevor School of the Arts
University of California, Irvine. Retrieved August 4, 2017.  ^ "Friday's Highlights" (PDF). Radio and Television Mirror. 14 (3): 52. July 1940. Retrieved 6 March 2015.  ^ The Complete Directory to Prime Network and Cable TV Shows, 1946-Present. Ballantine Books. 2003. p. 1413. ISBN 0-345-45542-8.  ^ "Claire Trevor". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved August 4, 2017.  ^ "Suspence - The Plan". escape-suspense.com. Retrieved August 4, 2017.  ^ "'Digest' Star". Harrisburg Telegraph. October 26, 1946. p. 21. Retrieved September 29, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.  ^ "Suspence - The Light Switch". escape-suspense.com. Retrieved August 4, 2017.  ^ Kirby, Walter (March 2, 1952). "Better Radio Programs for the Week". The Decatur Daily Review. p. 42. Retrieved May 28, 2015 – via Newspapers.com. 

Further reading[edit]

Sculthorpe, Derek The Life and Films of the Queen of Noir (McFarland & Co, Inc., 2018) ISBN 978-1476671932

External links[edit]

Biography portal

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Claire Trevor.

Claire Trevor
Claire Trevor
on IMDb Claire Trevor
Claire Trevor
at the Internet Broadway Database
Internet Broadway Database
https://mcfarlandbooks.com/product/claire-trevor/ Claire Trevor
Claire Trevor
School of the Arts Photos of Claire Trevor
Claire Trevor
in 'Stagecoach' by Ned Scott Photographs of Claire Trevor Guide to the Claire Trevor
Claire Trevor
Memorabilia. Special
Special
Collections and Archives, The UC Irvine Libraries, Irvine, California. Claire Trevor
Claire Trevor
and her young son (photo)

Awards for Claire Trevor

v t e

Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress

1936–1950

Gale Sondergaard
Gale Sondergaard
(1936) Alice Brady
Alice Brady
(1937) Fay Bainter
Fay Bainter
(1938) Hattie McDaniel
Hattie McDaniel
(1939) Jane Darwell
Jane Darwell
(1940) Mary Astor
Mary Astor
(1941) Teresa Wright
Teresa Wright
(1942) Katina Paxinou
Katina Paxinou
(1943) Ethel Barrymore
Ethel Barrymore
(1944) Anne Revere
Anne Revere
(1945) Anne Baxter
Anne Baxter
(1946) Celeste Holm
Celeste Holm
(1947) Claire Trevor
Claire Trevor
(1948) Mercedes McCambridge
Mercedes McCambridge
(1949) Josephine Hull (1950)

1951–1975

Kim Hunter
Kim Hunter
(1951) Gloria Grahame
Gloria Grahame
(1952) Donna Reed
Donna Reed
(1953) Eva Marie Saint
Eva Marie Saint
(1954) Jo Van Fleet
Jo Van Fleet
(1955) Dorothy Malone
Dorothy Malone
(1956) Miyoshi Umeki
Miyoshi Umeki
(1957) Wendy Hiller
Wendy Hiller
(1958) Shelley Winters
Shelley Winters
(1959) Shirley Jones
Shirley Jones
(1960) Rita Moreno
Rita Moreno
(1961) Patty Duke
Patty Duke
(1962) Margaret Rutherford
Margaret Rutherford
(1963) Lila Kedrova
Lila Kedrova
(1964) Shelley Winters
Shelley Winters
(1965) Sandy Dennis (1966) Estelle Parsons
Estelle Parsons
(1967) Ruth Gordon
Ruth Gordon
(1968) Goldie Hawn
Goldie Hawn
(1969) Helen Hayes
Helen Hayes
(1970) Cloris Leachman
Cloris Leachman
(1971) Eileen Heckart (1972) Tatum O'Neal
Tatum O'Neal
(1973) Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
(1974) Lee Grant
Lee Grant
(1975)

1976–2000

Beatrice Straight (1976) Vanessa Redgrave
Vanessa Redgrave
(1977) Maggie Smith
Maggie Smith
(1978) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(1979) Mary Steenburgen
Mary Steenburgen
(1980) Maureen Stapleton
Maureen Stapleton
(1981) Jessica Lange
Jessica Lange
(1982) Linda Hunt
Linda Hunt
(1983) Peggy Ashcroft
Peggy Ashcroft
(1984) Anjelica Huston
Anjelica Huston
(1985) Dianne Wiest
Dianne Wiest
(1986) Olympia Dukakis
Olympia Dukakis
(1987) Geena Davis
Geena Davis
(1988) Brenda Fricker
Brenda Fricker
(1989) Whoopi Goldberg
Whoopi Goldberg
(1990) Mercedes Ruehl
Mercedes Ruehl
(1991) Marisa Tomei
Marisa Tomei
(1992) Anna Paquin
Anna Paquin
(1993) Dianne Wiest
Dianne Wiest
(1994) Mira Sorvino
Mira Sorvino
(1995) Juliette Binoche
Juliette Binoche
(1996) Kim Basinger
Kim Basinger
(1997) Judi Dench
Judi Dench
(1998) Angelina Jolie
Angelina Jolie
(1999) Marcia Gay Harden
Marcia Gay Harden
(2000)

2001–present

Jennifer Connelly
Jennifer Connelly
(2001) Catherine Zeta-Jones
Catherine Zeta-Jones
(2002) Renée Zellweger
Renée Zellweger
(2003) Cate Blanchett
Cate Blanchett
(2004) Rachel Weisz
Rachel Weisz
(2005) Jennifer Hudson
Jennifer Hudson
(2006) Tilda Swinton
Tilda Swinton
(2007) Penélope Cruz
Penélope Cruz
(2008) Mo'Nique
Mo'Nique
(2009) Melissa Leo
Melissa Leo
(2010) Octavia Spencer
Octavia Spencer
(2011) Anne Hathaway
Anne Hathaway
(2012) Lupita Nyong'o
Lupita Nyong'o
(2013) Patricia Arquette
Patricia Arquette
(2014) Alicia Vikander
Alicia Vikander
(2015) Viola Davis
Viola Davis
(2016) Allison Janney
Allison Janney
(2017)

v t e

Primetime Emmy
Emmy
Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Limited Series or Movie

Judith Anderson
Judith Anderson
(1954) Mary Martin
Mary Martin
(1955) Claire Trevor
Claire Trevor
(1956) Polly Bergen
Polly Bergen
(1957) Julie Harris (1959) Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
(1960) Judith Anderson
Judith Anderson
(1961) Julie Harris (1962) Kim Stanley
Kim Stanley
(1963) Shelley Winters
Shelley Winters
(1964) Lynn Fontanne
Lynn Fontanne
(1965) Simone Signoret
Simone Signoret
(1966) Geraldine Page
Geraldine Page
(1967) Maureen Stapleton
Maureen Stapleton
(1968) Geraldine Page
Geraldine Page
(1969) Patty Duke
Patty Duke
(1970) Lee Grant
Lee Grant
(1971) Glenda Jackson
Glenda Jackson
(1972) Susan Hampshire
Susan Hampshire
/ Cloris Leachman
Cloris Leachman
(1973) Cicely Tyson
Cicely Tyson
/ Mildred Natwick
Mildred Natwick
(1974) Katharine Hepburn
Katharine Hepburn
/ Jessica Walter
Jessica Walter
(1975) Susan Clark
Susan Clark
/ Rosemary Harris
Rosemary Harris
(1976) Sally Field
Sally Field
/ Patty Duke
Patty Duke
(1977) Joanne Woodward
Joanne Woodward
/ Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(1978) Bette Davis
Bette Davis
(1979) Patty Duke
Patty Duke
(1980) Vanessa Redgrave
Vanessa Redgrave
(1981) Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
(1982) Barbara Stanwyck
Barbara Stanwyck
(1983) Jane Fonda
Jane Fonda
(1984) Joanne Woodward
Joanne Woodward
(1985) Marlo Thomas
Marlo Thomas
(1986) Gena Rowlands
Gena Rowlands
(1987) Jessica Tandy
Jessica Tandy
(1988) Holly Hunter
Holly Hunter
(1989) Barbara Hershey
Barbara Hershey
(1990) Lynn Whitfield
Lynn Whitfield
(1991) Gena Rowlands
Gena Rowlands
(1992) Holly Hunter
Holly Hunter
(1993) Kirstie Alley
Kirstie Alley
(1994) Glenn Close
Glenn Close
(1995) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(1996) Alfre Woodard
Alfre Woodard
(1997) Ellen Barkin
Ellen Barkin
(1998) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(1999) Halle Berry
Halle Berry
(2000) Judy Davis
Judy Davis
(2001) Laura Linney
Laura Linney
(2002) Maggie Smith
Maggie Smith
(2003) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(2004) S. Epatha Merkerson
S. Epatha Merkerson
(2005) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(2006) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(2007) Laura Linney
Laura Linney
(2008) Jessica Lange
Jessica Lange
(2009) Claire Danes
Claire Danes
(2010) Kate Winslet
Kate Winslet
(2011) Julianne Moore
Julianne Moore
(2012) Laura Linney
Laura Linney
(2013) Jessica Lange
Jessica Lange
(2014) Frances McDormand
Frances McDormand
(2015) Sarah Paulson
Sarah Paulson
(2016) Nicole Kidman
Nicole Kidman
(2017)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 32197544 LCCN: n86075579 ISNI: 0000 0000 5924 0982 GND: 137301596 SUDOC: 119958848 BNF: cb140306182 (data) BNE: XX1060745 SN

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