City of Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality
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The City of Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality is a
metropolitan municipality A metropolitan municipality is a type of municipality established in some countries to serve a metropolitan area. Canada In generic terms and in practical application within Canada, a metropolitan municipality is an urban local government with p ...
that forms the local government of the
East Rand The East Rand is the urban eastern part of the Witwatersrand that is functionally merged with the Johannesburg Johannesburg ( , also ; ; Zulu language, Zulu and xh, eGoli), informally known as Jozi, Joburg, or "The City of Gold", is ...
region of
Johannesburg Johannesburg (, also ; ; Zulu language, Zulu and xh, eGoli ), informally known as Jozi, Joburg, or "The City of Gold", is the largest city in South Africa, classified as a Megacity#List of megacities, megacity, and is List of urban areas by ...

Johannesburg
,
Gauteng Gauteng ( ; tn, Gauteng; Sotho language, Northern and Southern Sotho: ; zu, eGoli; ts, Gauteng/; Southern Ndebele language, Ndebele, xh, iRhawuti; nr, I-Gauteng; ve, Gauteng) is one of the nine provinces of South Africa. The name in Sotho-T ...
. The municipality itself is a large suburban region east of
Johannesburg Johannesburg (, also ; ; Zulu language, Zulu and xh, eGoli ), informally known as Jozi, Joburg, or "The City of Gold", is the largest city in South Africa, classified as a Megacity#List of megacities, megacity, and is List of urban areas by ...

Johannesburg
. The name ''Ekurhuleni'' means ''place of peace'' in
XiTsonga Tsonga () or Xitsonga ( ''Xitsonga'') as an endonym, is a Bantu languages, Bantu language spoken by the Tsonga people of southern Africa. It is mutually intelligible with Tswa and Ronga and the name "Tsonga" is often used as a cover term for al ...
. Ekurhuleni is one of the five
districts A district is a type of administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, first-level subdivision, as well as many similar terms, are generic na ...
of Gauteng province and one of the eight metropolitan municipalities of South Africa. The seat of Ekurhuleni is
Germiston Germiston is a small city in the East Rand The East Rand is the urban eastern part of the Witwatersrand that is functionally merged with the Johannesburg Johannesburg ( , also ; ; Zulu language, Zulu and xh, eGoli), informally kn ...
.
OR Tambo International Airport O. R. Tambo International Airport is an international airport situated in Kempton Park, Gauteng, Kempton Park, Gauteng, South Africa. It serves as the primary airport for domestic and international travel to/from South Africa and is Africa's b ...
falls in the
Kempton Park
Kempton Park
area of Ekurhuleni.Background
" Ekurhuleni. 3 (3/8). Retrieved on 30 September 2009.


History

The municipality was established in 2000, superseding the Eastern Gauteng Services Council, the Khayalami Metropolitan Council, and the previous administrations of Alberton, Benoni, Boksburg, Brakpan, Edenvale/Lethabong, Germiston, Kempton Park/Tembisa, Nigel and Springs. The planned abolition of the
Lesedi Local Municipality Lesedi Local Municipality is an administrative area in the Sedibeng District Municipality, Sedibeng District of Gauteng in South Africa. Heidelberg, Gauteng, Heidelberg is the seat of the municipality. During the first war of independence, Heidelbe ...
, which includes
Heidelberg Heidelberg () is a university town in the German state The Federal Republic of Germany, as a federal state, consists of sixteen partly sovereign federated states (german: Land (state), plural (states); commonly informally / federated st ...

Heidelberg
, and its absorption into Ekurhuleni after the 2016 municipal elections, were blocked by the
High Court of South Africa Image:Zuma-court-crowd.jpg, A crowd outside the Johannesburg High Court during the Jacob Zuma rape trial. The High Court of South Africa is a superior court of law in South Africa. It is divided into nine provinces of South Africa, provincial divis ...
in 2015. The name ''Ekurhuleni'' meaning ''place of peace'' alludes to the fact that the East Rand townships were the site of severe political violence between supporters of the
Inkatha Freedom Party The Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP) is a political party in South Africa. The party has been led by Velenkosini Hlabisa since the party's 2019 Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP) National General Conference, 2019 National General Conference. Mangosuthu Buthe ...
and the
ANC The African National Congress (ANC) is the Republic of South Africa South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa Africa is the world's second-largest and second-most populou ...

ANC
in the early 1990s, prior to South Africa's first non-racial elections in 1994.


Geography

Ekurhuleni lies on the plateau that is the
highveld The Highveld (Afrikaans File:WIKITONGUES- Alaric speaking Afrikaans.webm, Alaric speaking Afrikaans. Afrikaans (, ) is a West Germanic languages, West Germanic language spoken in South Africa, Namibia and, to a lesser extent, Botswana, Zambia ...
at about 1600 metres in altitude. The highest elevation is at the Gillooly's Ridge – Bill Stewart Side – Fisher's Hill at 1772m asl. The lowest point is at 1552m asl. The city is rich in wetlands, pans, streams and rivers. The city is highly urbanised; however, the north especially has high-potential agricultural land.


Climate

Ekurhuleni has a
subtropical highland The subtropical zones or subtropics are geographical zone, geographic and Köppen climate classification, climate zones located to the north and south of the tropics, tropical zone. Geographically part of the north and south temperate zones, th ...
climate ( Cwb) according to the Köppen-Geiger Climate classification. This classifies a warm temperate climate of warm summers and dry winters. In the winter months (May - October) the city has a diurnal temperature pattern with a high amplitude, as temperatures can range from freezing at night to mid 20s °C in the day. The main precipitation falls between October and March with a monthly average prec/modelclimate/germiston_south-africa_1002108, title=Climate Germiston, website=meteoblue The daily maximum temperatures in October–March are on average 27 °C. The Winter is mostly dry with only a few
cold front A cold front is the leading edge of a cooler mass of air at ground level that replaces a warmer mass of air and lies within a pronounced surface Trough (meteorology), trough of Low-pressure area, low pressure. It often forms behind an extratropical ...

cold front
s reaching the highveld from the southern Atlantic Ocean.
.


Main places

File:Ekurhuleni 2001 population density map.svg, Ekurhuleni 2001 population density map The
2011 census2011 censuses were conducted in the following countries: * Australia: Census in Australia * Austria: Demographics of Austria * Bangladesh: 2011 Bangladesh Census * Bulgaria: Demographics of Bulgaria * Canada: Canada 2011 Census * Croatia: 2011 Censu ...
divided the municipality into ''inter alia'' the following main places:


Parks and nature

Ekurhuleni has over 206 wetlands and lakes. Germiston Lake is a natural pan in the Elsburgspruit system and has a catchment area of 1174ha. It is fed mostly by surface runoff water and stormwater drains. The lake is one of the cleanest bodies of water in South Africa. It has a size of 57.4 ha and a maximum capacity of 2839×10^6 m^3. Its depth is approximately 8 metres. On the banks of the lake are a recreational park with playground equipment and
Braai Barbecue varies by the type of meat, sauce, Spice rub, rub, or other flavorings used, the point in barbecuing at which they are added, the role smoke plays, the equipment and fuel used, cooking temperature, and cooking time. The meat may be wh ...

Braai
areas as well as a rowing club and golf club. A wetland of note is the Blesbokriver wetland which stretches over an area of 1858ha. Flamingoes can be found in the Marievale Bird sanctuary. The Bullfrog Pan is almost 10 hectares and is home to more than 150 bird species.


Landmarks

In 2017 the
Chris Hani Chris Hani (28 June 1942 – 10 April 1993), born Martin Thembisile Hani, was the leader of the South African Communist Party The South African Communist Party (SACP) is a communist party in South Africa. It was founded in 1921, was d ...
memorial at Thomas Nkobi Memorial Park in Boksburg was revealed during the 22nd commemoration of his death. The Chris Hani memorial site consists of the Monument, the Walk of Remembrance and the Wall of Remembrance which recognizes the historical events, places and people associated with the liberation struggle of South Africa. The Thokoza Wall of Remembrance commemorates the people who died in the fight between the
Inkatha Freedom Party The Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP) is a political party in South Africa. The party has been led by Velenkosini Hlabisa since the party's 2019 Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP) National General Conference, 2019 National General Conference. Mangosuthu Buthe ...
and the residents.


Arts and culture

Ekurhuleni has a rich cultural life. In 2017 the Thami Mnyele Fine arts award had its 30th anniversary. The local music scene is well and alive and Ekurhuleni gave rise to a few notable music stars. O.R. Tambo Narrative Centre tells visitors all about the lives and contributions of the Tambo couple towards the dismantling of Apartheid in South Africa. It is situated on the banks of the Leeupan Wetland. It also has an exhibition of environmental education aimed at children. Since 2016 Ekurhuleni has hosted the Ekurhuleni International Film Festival.


Demographics

In 2016 3,379,104 people lived in Ekurhuleni, of whom 22.7% were under 15 years old, 71.2% were between the ages of 15-64 and 6.1% were older than 65 years old. Ekurhuleni had 1,299,490 households with an average people per household number of 2.6. 80.2% of people lived in formal dwellings and 52.9% owned housing. The following statistics are from the 2014
census A census is the procedure of systematically calculating, acquiring and recording information about the members of a given Statistical population, population. This term is used mostly in connection with Population and housing censuses by country, na ...

census
.


Gender


Ethnic groups


Education

Ekurhuleni has two school districts: Ekurhuleni North and Ekurhuleni South. There are 671 schools in Ekurhuleni, of which 137 are independent. Ekurhuleni has two colleges of further education and training (FET) as well as two centres of adult education and training (AET). The municipal government under Executive Mayor Mzwandile Masina conducted a feasibility study and lobbied the national government to establish a university in Ekurhuleni which was formally announced by President Cyril Ramaphosa in the 2020 State of the National Address.


Politics

In 2014/2015, the city ranked highest out of all metros in South Africa in the Business Day Index, measuring how well cities and towns spend resident's money. The municipal council consists of 224 members elected by
mixed-member proportional representation Mixed-member proportional representation (MMP or MMPR) is a mixed electoral system in which voters get two votes: one to decide the legislator, representative for their single-seat electoral district, constituency, and one for a political part ...
. 112 are elected by
first-past-the-post voting In a first-past-the-post electoral system (FPTP or FPP; sometimes formally called single-member plurality voting or SMP; sometimes called choose-one voting for single-member districts, in contrast to ranked voting, ranked-choice voting), voters ...
in 112 wards, while the remaining 112 are chosen from
party list Poster for the European Parliament election 2004 in Italy, showing party lists Party-list proportional representation systems are a family of voting system An electoral system or voting system is a set of rules that determine how elections and r ...
s so that the total number of party representatives is proportional to the number of votes received. In the election of 1 November 2021, no party obtained a majority of seats on the council. The following table shows the results of the 2021 election.


Economy

the
GDP Gross domestic product (GDP) is a monetary In a 1786 James Gillray caricature, the plentiful money bags handed to King George III are contrasted with the beggar whose legs and arms were amputated, in the left corner">174x174px Money is any ...
of Ekurhuleni was estimated at over US$55 billion ( PPP), being US$17,361 per person. Ekurhuleni has an active workforce of 1.6 million people of whom 28.8% are unemployed. Ekurhuleni makes up 6.2% of national production. Ekurhuleni has in
Rand Refinery Rand Refinery (Pty) Limited is the largest integrated single-site precious metals refining and smelting complex in the world. It was established in 1920 to refine gold within South Africa South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa ...
the largest integrated single-site precious metals refining and smelting complex in the world.


Manufacturing

The city is an important
manufacturing Manufacturing is the creation or Production (economics), production of goods with the help of equipment, Work (human activity), labor, machines, tools, and chemical or biological processing or formulation. It is the essence of secondary sector ...
centre in South Africa, contributing 32% of manufacturing production. The city has been described as "the workshop of the country". It contributes 11% to the GVA of South Africa. Ekurhuleni has held the "Manufacturing Indaba" Conference every year since 2014. This two-day conference provides contacts and networking between business owners, industry owners, capital providers, experts and the government.


Infrastructure


Road network

Ekurhuleni is connected to the main motorways in South Africa via the M2, N3, N17, R21, R24 and R59 highways. As Ekurhuleni is part of the Johannesburg
Conurbation A conurbation is a region comprising a number of metropolis in the background A metropolis () is a large city or conurbation which is a significant economic, political, and cultural center for a country or region, and an important hub for r ...
, Transport routes in Ekurhuleni share the same metropolitan route numbering system as Johannesburg. The road network in Ekurhuleni spans 8,024 km of paved roads and approximately 1,200 km of gravel road.


Public transport

Ekurhuleni is one of 13 cities and towns in South Africa to implement the bus rapid transit (BRT) system. Phase 1 of the project runs from Tembisa to Vosloorus via Kempton Park and the
OR Tambo International Airport O. R. Tambo International Airport is an international airport situated in Kempton Park, Gauteng, Kempton Park, Gauteng, South Africa. It serves as the primary airport for domestic and international travel to/from South Africa and is Africa's b ...
. New routes have been integrated from Katlehong to Rhodesfield, from Vosloorus to Rhodesfield, and from Reiger Park to Rhodesfield. Passengers are served by Metrorail (South Africa), Metrorail which sustains the passenger rail network in the Western Cape, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Cape. Seven train lines serve Ekurhuleni.


Rail

Ekurhuleni has the largest rail hub in South Africa used by Transnet.


Aviation

Several airline companies are headquartered in the area of Ekurhuleni. Ekurhuleni is Gauteng's first aerotropolis. This is a metropolis with an airport at its centre. One should be able to get to the airport from anywhere in Ekurhuleni in 25 min. The major aim will be logistics and connecting the local industry and agriculture to the world markets. O.R. Tambo International Airport has two terminals handling domestic and international flights. Terminal A handles international traffic and Terminal B domestic flights. The airport services airlines from all five continents and plays a vital role in serving the local, regional, intra- and inter-continental air transport needs of South Africa and sub-Saharan Africa. It is the biggest and busiest airport in Africa. OR Tambo International handles more than 20 million passengers per year and employs more than 18,000 people. South African Airways, the flagship air carrier of South Africa, and its subsidiary South African Express have their head offices in Ekurhuleni. Mango (airline), Mango, a low cost airline owned by SAA, is headquartered on the grounds of OR Tambo International Airport. The headquarters of Comair (South Africa), Comair and Kulula.com are at an intersection within Ekurhuleni in close proximity to OR Tambo International Airport. Federal Air also has its headquarters on the OR Tambo International Airport grounds. 1Time has its head office in the Isando Industrial Park. Safair's head office is in Kempton Park. Airports Company South Africa has its head office in Bedfordview, Ekurhuleni. TAAG Angola Airlines has an office in Bedfordview.


Stormwater systems

There are 11,318 stormwater systems and a total lengths of pipes and channels of more than 3800 km.


Sports and recreation

Ekurhuleni has at least 16 golf courses and is home to the international Golf Tournament the South African Open held at Glendower Golf Club. There is an over 100 year old rowing club at the bank of Germiston Lake, and over 30 swimming pools can be found in the city. Ekurhuleni United FC play in the fourth division of South African Football. Ekurhuleni has the Ekurhuleni masters league, a soccer league of retired pros and talented players who did not make the cut. 38 eco "outdoor gyms" can be found in Ekurhuleni.


Management

Although Eskom has identified Ekurhuleni as a municipality with a poor payment record, its 2021 debt with the power utility amounted to R8 million which compared favourably with the rest of Gauteng.


Notable people from Ekurhuleni

*Nthati Moshesh *Kelly Khumalo *Emmanuel Ngobese, Emmanuel Asanda 'Scara' Ngobese *Lebo Mathosa *Rebecca Malope *Willem Coertzen *Ernie Els *
Chris Hani Chris Hani (28 June 1942 – 10 April 1993), born Martin Thembisile Hani, was the leader of the South African Communist Party The South African Communist Party (SACP) is a communist party in South Africa. It was founded in 1921, was d ...
*Sibusiso Khumalo (footballer, born 1991), Sibusiso Khumalo *Kwesta *Senzo Meyiwa *Pearl Modiadie *Khethi Ngwenya *Charlize Theron *Oliver Tambo *Japie Mulder *Chris Rossouw (rugby union born 1969) *Lood de Jager *Jakkals Keevy *Jaco Taute


References


Sources


Municipal Demarcation Board

Stats SA Census 2001 page

Independent Electoral Commission 2004 election results


External links


City of Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality
- official site of the City of Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality
History of Ekurhuleni



Official statement on substituting Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality with City of Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality
{{Authority control Ekurhuleni, Greater Johannesburg Metropolitan municipalities of Gauteng Cities in South Africa Government of the East Rand Government of Alberton