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Chyhyryn
Chyhyryn
(Ukrainian: Чигири́н, pronounced [tʃɪɦɪˈrɪn]) is a city and important historic site located in the Cherkasy Oblast
Cherkasy Oblast
of central Ukraine. From 1648 to 1669 the city was a Hetman
Hetman
residence, yet after a forced relocation of Ruthenian Orthodox metropolitan see from Kiev
Kiev
in 1658 it became a full pledge capital of the Cossack
Cossack
Hetmanate. Chyhyryn
Chyhyryn
also became a traditional place for the appointment to the office of Hetman
Hetman
of Zaporizhian Host.

Contents

1 Names 2 Location 3 History 4 Landmarks 5 Gallery 6 International relations

6.1 Twin towns — Sister cities

7 External links

Names[edit] Chyhyryn
Chyhyryn
(Ukrainian: Чигирин) or Chigirin (Russian: Чигири́н) Polish: Czehryń, Turkish: Çigirin or Çehrin Location[edit] Today the city resting on the banks of Tiasmyn River
Tiasmyn River
is the administrative center of the Chyhyryn Raion
Chyhyryn Raion
with its current population estimated at just over 10,000. The city lies at an altitude of 124 metres above mean sea level. Minor industries, such as food and furniture factories, exist in the town today. History[edit] The area (1320–1569) had been part of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. It was ceded to the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth
Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth
(in the Kijów Voivodeship of the Crown of Poland) before the Union of Lublin. It was granted Magdeburg Rights in 1592 by Sigismund III Vasa.

Chyhyryn
Chyhyryn
on the Tiasmin River. A fragment of the Tractus Borysthenis Vulgo Dniepr at Niepr dicti map by Joannii Janssonii (Amsterdam, 1663)

Chyhyryn
Chyhyryn
is first mentioned as a fortified Cossack
Cossack
winter station. In 1638, Bohdan Khmelnytsky
Bohdan Khmelnytsky
became its starosta (regional leader), and in 1648 it became the newly elected Hetman's residence and the capital of the Cossack
Cossack
state, the Zaporozhian Host. During the Russo-Turkish War (1676–1681) it was the center of two bloody campaigns (1675–76 and 1677–78). In 1678 the castle of Chyhyryn
Chyhyryn
was blown up by the retreating Russian garrison that was stationed there, while the Turkish forces sacked the rest of the city. After this, it gradually lost its significance. It remained the center of the Chyhyryn
Chyhyryn
regiment until 1712 and upon the final incorporation into the Russian Empire (1793) it became part of the Kiev
Kiev
region. In 1917 a congress of Free Cossacks
Free Cossacks
took place in Chyhyryn. At that congress by tradition Pavlo Skoropadsky
Pavlo Skoropadsky
was elected as the Hetman
Hetman
of the Cossacks
Cossacks
(later in 1918 in Kiev, he was elected the Hetman
Hetman
of Ukraine
Ukraine
as well). During World War II, Chyhyryn
Chyhyryn
was occupied by the German Army from August 7, 1941 to December 12, 1943. Landmarks[edit] The Trinity Monastery, built near Chyhyryn
Chyhyryn
in 1627, was later destroyed by the Soviet authorities. Other historical landmarks, such as the town hall and Khmelnytsky's palace, did not survive either. After Ukraine
Ukraine
regained independence, Hetman's residence was restored and became a museum. Gallery[edit]

Main square of Chyhyryn

Entrance of the restored Bohdan Khmelnytskyi residence

Bohdan Khmelnytskyi residence

St. Peter and St. Paul Church in Chyhyryn

A statue near the church

Taras Shevchenko monument in Chyhyryn

View on Bohdan Khmelnytskyi Museum

Remnants of Chyhyryn
Chyhyryn
Fortress on the Castle Hill

Bohdan Khmelnytskyi monument in Chyhyryn

International relations[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Ukraine Twin towns — Sister cities[edit] Chyhyryn
Chyhyryn
is twinned with:

City Country Year of Signing

Sebastopol, California United States 1993

External links[edit]

City of Chygyrin on the Verhovna Rada of Ukraine
Ukraine
Website[permanent dead link] Chyhyryn
Chyhyryn
in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine Soviet topographic map 1:100,000 Media related to Chyhyryn
Chyhyryn
at Wikimedia Commons

v t e

Administrative divisions of Cherkasy
Cherkasy
Oblast

Administrative center: Cherkasy

Raions

Cherkasy Chornobai Chyhyryn Drabiv Horodyshche Kamianka Kaniv Katerynopil Khrystynivka Korsun-Shevchenkivskyi Lysianka Mankivka Monastyryshche Shpola Smila Talne Uman Zhashkiv Zolotonosha Zvenyhorodka

Cities

Regional

Cherkasy Kaniv Smila Uman Vatutine Zolotonosha

District

Chyhyryn Horodyshche Kamianka Khrystynivka Korsun-Shevchenkivskyi Monastyryshche Shpola Talne Zhashkiv Zvenyhorodka

Urban-type settlements Category: Cherkasy
Cherkasy
Oblast

v t e

Historical Capitals of Rus', Ukrainian states and states on Ukrainian soil1

Medieval Ukrainian states

Kievan Rus'

Kiev

Kingdom of Galicia–Volhynia

Volodymyr Halych Lviv

Cossack
Cossack
Hetmanate

Chyhyryn Baturyn Hlukhiv

Grand Duchy of Rus'

Kiev

Ukrainian states after Russian Empire
Russian Empire
and before Ukrainian SSR

West Ukrainian People's Republic

Lviv Ternopil Stanyslaviv

Ukrainian People's Republic

Kiev
Kiev
(1917–1920)

* Ukrainian Soviet Republic

Kiev

Ukrainian SSR
Ukrainian SSR
(since 1917), independent Ukraine
Ukraine
(since 1991)

Ukrainian SSR
Ukrainian SSR
(part of the SU 1922-91), Ukraine

Kharkiv
Kharkiv
(1919-1934) Kiev
Kiev
(since 1934)

1Meaning (Cossack) states on the territory of cur

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