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The Church in Wales
Wales
(Welsh: Yr Eglwys yng Nghymru) is the Anglican church in Wales, composed of six dioceses. It defines itself as "the ancient Church of this land, catholic and reformed. It proclaims and holds fast the doctrine and ministry of the one, holy, catholic and apostolic Church".[4] The Anglican church is the largest denomination in Wales.[5] As with the primus of the Scottish Episcopal Church, the Archbishop of Wales
Wales
serves concurrently as one of the six diocesan bishops, a position currently held by The Most Reverend John Davies. Unlike the Church of England, the Church in Wales
Wales
is not an established church. Disestablishment was effected in 1920 under the Welsh Church Act 1914. As a province of the Anglican Communion, the Church in Wales recognises the Archbishop of Canterbury
Archbishop of Canterbury
as a focus of unity but without any formal authority in the Church in Wales
Wales
(except for residual roles — in ecclesiastical court to try the archbishop, as metropolitan; and the appointment of notaries, and the granting of Special
Special
Marriage Licences[6]). Eighteen cross-border parishes remained in the Church of England
Church of England
and were exempt from disestablishment.[7] A cleric of the Church in Wales
Wales
can be appointed to posts in the Church of England, including the See of Canterbury; the former Archbishop of Canterbury, The Right Reverend Dr Rowan Williams
Rowan Williams
was from Wales
Wales
and served as Archbishop of Wales before his appointment to Canterbury.

Contents

1 Official name 2 History

2.1 Disestablishment 2.2 Since 1920

3 Membership 4 Structure

4.1 Diocesan coats of arms 4.2 Archbishop 4.3 Diocesan bishops 4.4 Assistant bishops 4.5 Representative Body 4.6 Governing Body

5 Worship and liturgy

5.1 Book of Common Prayer 5.2 Other publications

6 Doctrine and practice

6.1 Ordination of women 6.2 Same-sex unions and LGBT clergy 6.3 Ecumenical relations

7 See also 8 References 9 Further reading 10 External links

Official name[edit] The Church in Wales
Wales
(Welsh: Yr Eglwys yng Nghymru) adopted its name by accident. The Welsh Church Act 1914
Welsh Church Act 1914
referred throughout to "the Church in Wales", the phrase being used to indicate the part of the Church of England
England
within Wales. In 1920, a convention of the Welsh church considered what name to select and tended to favour "the Church of Wales". However, there were concerns that adopting a name different from that mentioned in the Act might cause legal problems. Given the situation, it seemed sensible to adopt the title "the Church in Wales".[citation needed] History[edit] See also: Celtic Christian traditions in Gwynedd Christianity
Christianity
in Wales
Wales
can be traced back to the Romano-British
Romano-British
period and an organised episcopal church has had continuous existence in Wales
Wales
since that time. Wales
Wales
became a refuge for other Britons following the pagan Anglo-Saxon invasion of what became England. The Welsh refused to co-operate with Augustine of Canterbury's mission to the Anglo-Saxons. However, a combination of other Celtic dioceses reconciling with the See of Rome
See of Rome
and the English conquest of Wales meant that from the Middle Ages, the Welsh dioceses were part of the Province of Canterbury
Province of Canterbury
and also in communion with the See of Rome until the English Reformation. Afterward they were part of the Church of England
England
until disestablishment in 1920. From the time of Henry VIII, Wales
Wales
had been absorbed into England
England
as a legal entity and the established church in Wales
Wales
was the Church of England. Disestablishment[edit]

F. E. Smith, later 1st Earl of Birkenhead, opposed disestablishment

During the 19th century, Nonconformist churches grew rapidly in Wales, and eventually the majority of Welsh Christians were Nonconformists, although the Church of England
Church of England
remained the largest single denomination. By the mid-19th century the failure to appoint a Welsh-speaking bishop to any Welsh diocese for 150 years caused real resentment; disestablishment was seen as way to assert national and linguistic identity. Under the influence of Nonconformist politicians such as David Lloyd George, the Welsh Church Act 1914
Welsh Church Act 1914
was passed by the Liberal Government to separate Anglicanism
Anglicanism
in Wales
Wales
from the Church of England. The bill was fiercely resisted by members of the Conservative Party and blocked in the House of Lords, but it was eventually passed under the provisions of the Parliament Act 1911. The opposition to disestablishment was led by the Conservative politician F. E. Smith, who characterised the disestablishment bill as "a Bill which has shocked the conscience of every Christian community in Europe." In response to this description, the writer G. K. Chesterton penned the satirical poem "Antichrist, or the Reunion of Christendom: An Ode" containing the memorable retort "Chuck It, Smith".[8] The Act both disestablished and disendowed the "Church in Wales", the term used to define the part of the Church of England
Church of England
which was to be separated. Disestablishment meant the end of the church's special legal status, and Welsh bishops were no longer entitled to sit in the House of Lords
House of Lords
as Lords Spiritual. As the Church in Wales
Wales
became independent of the state, tithes were no longer available to the church, leaving it without a major source of income. Disendowment, which was even more controversial than disestablishment, meant that the endowments of the Church in Wales
Wales
were partially confiscated, and redistributed to the University of Wales
Wales
and local authorities. Endowments before 1662 were to be confiscated; those of later date were to remain. This was justified by the theory that the pre-1662 endowments had been granted to the national church of the whole population, and hence belonged to the people as a whole rather than to the Church in Wales; understandably, this reasoning was hotly contested. The date 1662 was that of the Act of Uniformity following the Restoration; it was after this point that Nonconformist congregations began to develop and the Church of England
Church of England
ceased to be a comprehensive national church. Although secularisation of the cathedrals had been suggested, the Church in Wales
Wales
retained all the ancient church buildings and the privilege of conducting legal marriages without reference to the civil registrar. Due to the outbreak of World War I
World War I
in 1914, the Welsh Church Act 1914 was passed together with the Suspensory Act 1914, meaning that the Welsh Church Act would not be implemented for the duration of the war. Disestablishment finally came into effect in 1920. The Church in Wales adopted a written constitution and elected a Governing Body which initially met once a year, but now meets twice annually. The Governing Body has ultimate authority "to approve liturgies, review organizational structures, and secure firm fiscal resources for the mission and ministry of the church". The Church in Wales
Wales
was one of the first members of the Anglican Communion
Anglican Communion
to adopt synodical government.[9] Since 1920[edit] Parishes overlapping the border were allowed to vote either to accede to the Church in Wales
Wales
or to continue in the Church of England; so the line of disestablishment is not the same as the border between the two countries. A few districts in the former counties of Monmouthshire, Radnorshire
Radnorshire
and Flintshire remain attached to parishes in the Dioceses of Hereford and Chester and consequently they are part of the Church of England. A complete English rural deanery with the generalised name March containing Oswestry and areas to the north-west of Shrewsbury, was transferred from its historic setting in the Diocese
Diocese
of St Asaph to be consistent with the civil border there. The churches of St Mary, Caernarfon, and Llangadwaladr, Anglesey, were transferred from the Diocese
Diocese
of Chester to that of Bangor. Today, the Church in Wales
Wales
is fully independent of both the state and the Church of England. It is an independent member of the Anglican Communion, as are the Church of Ireland
Church of Ireland
and the Scottish Episcopal Church. In the first years of the 21st century, the Church in Wales
Wales
has begun to engage in numerous debates. These particularly concern the appointment of women to the episcopate and the provincial recognition of the equal statuses of the Welsh and English languages in all aspects of church life. Membership[edit] Following disestablishment in 1920, the Church in Wales
Wales
initially fared better than the Nonconformist churches, which suffered a decline during the late 20th century. In 2006 the average weekly attendance was recorded at 6,780 aged under 18 and 39,490 aged over 18. The highest attendance was at Easter, with 68,120 at worship (68,837 in 2007).[10] In 2014, the attendance in the Church in Wales
Wales
was 52,021 at Easter: a decline of about 16,000 members since 2007, but an increase from 2013. Also, in 2014, nineteen churches were closed or made redundant. Overall, in 2014, the Church in Wales
Wales
reported 152,000 attenders in its parishes and congregations, compared to 105,000 in 2013.[11] From 2015 statistics, when all "other major acts of worship" are included, the church reported having 206,000 total attenders. "Such additional services, which include civic services, family services, Remembrance, Carol and Christingle services, registered a total attendance of some 206,000 in 2015, compared with 152,000 in 2014."[12] According to the World Mission Atlas Project, the Church in Wales
Wales
has 350,000 affiliates and 1,500 congregations.[13] Structure[edit] See also: List of Anglican dioceses in the United Kingdom and Ireland

Flag of the Church in Wales

The polity of the Church in Wales
Wales
is episcopal church governance, which is the same as other Anglican churches. Prior to 1920, there were four dioceses in Wales, all part of the Province of Canterbury
Province of Canterbury
and each led by its own bishop:

The Diocese
Diocese
of Bangor The Diocese
Diocese
of St Asaph The Diocese
Diocese
of St David's The Diocese
Diocese
of Llandaff

Two additional dioceses were erected soon after the creation of the Church in Wales:

The Diocese
Diocese
of Monmouth in 1921 The Diocese
Diocese
of Swansea and Brecon in 1923

Monmouth was created from one of the archdeaconries of Llandaff diocese. Swansea and Brecon was created from the eastern part of St David's diocese, largely corresponding to the city and county of Swansea and the traditional counties of Breconshire and Radnorshire. Each diocese is divided into two or three archdeaconries, with 15 of these in total. Each has an archdeacon, who is responsible to the bishop for its administration. The archdeaconries are further divided into deaneries. Each diocese has its own cathedral, the "mother church" of the diocese and the seat of the bishop. In the cathedral are held important events such as the enthronement of a new bishop. Each cathedral has a Dean, appointed to manage the cathedral, with the assistance of the Chapter. Together with the Archdeacons, the Dean of the Cathedral is one of the most prominent clerics of the diocese, after the Bishop. The Chapter is composed of the Dean and a number of Canons selected from among the clerics of the diocese. Diocesan coats of arms[edit]

Bangor

St Asaph

St David's

Swansea and Brecon

Monmouth

Llandaff

Combined

Archbishop[edit] Until 1920 the Welsh church was part of the Church of England
Church of England
and under the metropolitical jurisdiction of the Archbishop of Canterbury. Since independence in 1920, the Church in Wales
Wales
has been led by the Archbishop of Wales, who is both the metropolitan bishop and primate. The Archbishop of Wales is elected from the currently seated diocesan bishops and continues as a diocesan after election. It is a commonly held misconception that there must be six diocesan bishops in order to hold the electoral college for the Archbishop of Wales. However, the Constitution of the Church in Wales
Wales
specifies no quantity of Bishops, simply referring to the electoral college as being made up of "the Bishops and the first three clerical and the first three lay Episcopal Electors on the list of each Diocese
Diocese
in the Church in Wales."[14] In an archiepiscopal vacancy, the senior Bishop
Bishop
by appointment is acting archbishop.[15] A former Archbishop of Wales, Rowan Williams, became the first Welsh-born Archbishop of Canterbury. He was consecrated and enthroned as Bishop
Bishop
of Monmouth in 1992 and as Archbishop of Wales in 1999. He was appointed by the Queen (his appointment having been proposed by the Crown Appointments Commission) as Archbishop of Canterbury
Archbishop of Canterbury
in July 2002. Diocesan bishops[edit] Unlike bishops in the Church of England, each bishop of the Church in Wales
Wales
is elected by an "electoral college" which consists of representatives of the diocese in which a vacancy occurs, representatives of the other dioceses in Wales
Wales
and all bishops of the church. In 2013 the Church in Wales
Wales
officially agreed to the ordination of women as bishops, five years after a previous proposal for their ordination failed in 2008.[16] In descending order of seniority, the current[when?] bench of Welsh bishops is:

John Davies, Bishop
Bishop
of Swansea and Brecon Andrew John, Bishop
Bishop
of Bangor Gregory Cameron, Bishop
Bishop
of St Asaph Richard Pain, Bishop
Bishop
of Monmouth Joanna Penberthy, Bishop
Bishop
of St David's June Osborne, Bishop
Bishop
of Llandaff

In cases where a see is vacant due to the death or translation of a bishop, episcopal acts such as ordinations and confirmations are carried out by the archbishop or by another bishop appointed for that purpose by the archbishop. Assistant bishops[edit] Assistant bishops may be appointed within the Church in Wales. In practice, diocesan assistant bishops have only been appointed within the diocese of the archbishop, in order to assist him with diocesan episcopal functions. There are no assistant bishops at present in the Church in Wales. The previous archbishop had an assistant bishop within the Diocese
Diocese
of Llandaff. From April 2009 to April 2017 the post was held by David Wilbourne.[17] A provincial assistant bishop was appointed in 1996 to provide episcopal ministry to congregations which could not accept the ministry of bishops who ordained women. David Thomas held the position for twelve years, retiring in 2008. At that time the Bench of Bishops decided that it would not continue to appoint a specific bishop to minister to those who cannot in conscience accept the ordination of women as priests. This point was reiterated by Barry Morgan at the Governing Body of the Church in Wales
Wales
in September 2013 during the debate on whether or not the Church in Wales
Wales
would ordain women to the episcopate. Historically, there have been suffragan bishops both before and since disestablishment, including two Bishops of Swansea and one Bishop
Bishop
of Maenan. Representative Body[edit] The Representative Body of the Church in Wales
Wales
is responsible for the care of the church's property and for funding many of the activities of the church, including support for priests' stipends and pensions. Governing Body[edit] The Governing Body is responsible for decisions that affect the Church's Faith, Order and Worship. It also has powers to make regulations for the general management and good government of the Church, and its property and affairs. The Governing Body is the supreme legislature of the Church in Wales, broadly speaking the Parliament of the Church in Wales. It usually meets twice a year to receive reports and make decisions on matters brought before it.[18] Worship and liturgy[edit] The Church in Wales
Wales
as a whole tends to be predominantly High Church, meaning that many of the traditions are inherited from the Oxford Movement in more rural dioceses such as St David's and Bangor and especially in the industrial parishes of Llandaff and Monmouth. Although the province tends more toward liberal and Anglo-Catholic positions in theology and liturgy, it also has a tradition of evangelicalism, especially in the southern parts of Wales, and the university town of Aberystwyth. In the 1960s there was a revival of evangelicalism within the Church in Wales
Wales
and the Evangelical Fellowship of the Church in Wales
Wales
exists to support such members of the church. Book of Common Prayer[edit] The Church in Wales
Wales
began revising the Book of Common Prayer
Book of Common Prayer
in the 1950s. The first material authorised for experimental use was a lectionary in 1956, followed by a baptism and confirmation service in 1958, an order for Holy Matrimony
Matrimony
in 1960, and an order for the Burial of the Dead in 1963. These did not however enjoy widespread use. In 1966 an experimental order for the Holy Eucharist
Eucharist
was authorised. This was the first to enjoy widespread use. Revision continued throughout the 60s and 70s, with an experimental version of morning and evening prayer in 1969. In 1971 a definitive version of baptism and confirmation was authorised, replacing the equivalent in the 1662 Book of Common Prayer. This was followed in 1974 with a definitive order for the Burial of the Dead, and in 1975 with a definitive order for Holy Matrimony. It was hoped that a new Book of Common Prayer
Book of Common Prayer
for the church in Wales
Wales
would be produced in 1981. However in 1979 a definitive version of the Holy Eucharist
Eucharist
failed to gain a two-thirds majority in the House of Clergy and the House of Laity at the Governing Body. A light revision of the 1966 experimental Eucharist was approved by the Governing Body, and the Book of Common Prayer
Book of Common Prayer
for use in the Church in Wales
Wales
was authorised in 1984. This Prayer Book is unique in that it is in traditional English. The Church in Wales
Wales
first considered a modern language Eucharist
Eucharist
in the early 70s but this received a lukewarm reception. A modern language Eucharist
Eucharist
(The Holy Eucharist
Eucharist
in modern language) was authorised alongside the new prayer book in 1984, but this did not enjoy widespread use. In 1990 new initiation services were authorised, followed in 1992 by an alternative order for morning and evening prayer[19] in 1994 by an alternative order for the Holy Eucharist, and in 1995 by the alternative calendar lectionary and collects. These enjoyed widespread use. In 2003 a new calendar and collects was made part of the Book of Common Prayer for use in the Church in Wales. This was followed in 2004 by an order for the Holy Eucharist, services for Christian initiation in 2006 and in 2009 by daily prayer. Experimental services continued, with an ordinal produced in 2004, Ministry to the Sick and Housebound in 2007, healing services in 2008, funeral services in 2009, and in 2010 marriage services which became part of the Book of Common Prayer in 2013. The ordinal was made part of the prayer book the following year. In 2017 prayers for a child were produced which were published on line.[20] Other publications[edit] Discontinued publications which frequently provided articles of sub-academic quality were Province, Yr Haul â'r Gangell, and Y Llan. Bi-annual news from the Governing Body meeting is released in Highlights. News is predominantly circulated on the Church in Wales' Provincial and Diocesan Websites, and in various Diocesan Magazines. Doctrine and practice[edit] See also: Anglicanism
Anglicanism
and Anglican doctrine Central to the teaching of the Church in Wales
Wales
is the life, death and resurrection of Jesus Christ. The basic teachings of the church, or catechism, include:

Jesus Christ
Jesus Christ
is fully human and fully God. He died and was resurrected from the dead. Jesus continues to provide the way to eternal life for those who believe. The Old and New Testaments were written by people "under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit". The Apocrypha
Apocrypha
are additional books that are used in Christian worship, but not for the formation of doctrine. The two great and necessary sacraments are Holy Baptism
Baptism
and Holy Eucharist Other sacramental rites are confirmation, holy orders, matrimony, reconciliation of a penitent, and anointing of the sick. Belief in heaven, hell, and Jesus' return in glory.

The balance of Scripture, tradition and reason as authority for faith and practice is traced to the work of Richard Hooker, a sixteenth-century apologist. In Hooker's model, Scripture is the primary means of arriving at doctrine, and things stated plainly in Scripture are accepted as true. Issues that are ambiguous are determined by tradition, which is checked by reason.[21] Ordination of women[edit] A proposal to ordain women as priests was introduced and debated in 1995 after it had failed to secure a two-thirds majority in 1994.[22] The ordination of women to the priesthood was approved by the two-thirds majority in 1996.[23] The Church in Wales
Wales
has ordained women as priests since 1997.[24] Prior to 1997, women were permitted to serve as deacons.[25] The first deaconess was consecrated in 1884.[26] In 2013, the church voted to allow women to serve as bishops. In 2016, Canon Joanna Penberthy was elected the first woman bishop in the church.[27] Penberthy was enthroned as Bishop
Bishop
of St Davids on 11 February 2017. Also in 2017, a woman, the Very Revd June Osborne, was appointed to be bishop of Llandaff becoming the second woman bishop in the Welsh church.[28] Same-sex unions and LGBT clergy[edit] See also: Homosexuality and the Anglican Communion Beginning in the 1980s, the Church in Wales
Wales
embarked on an increasingly open stand on various issues including economic justice, the ordination of women and inclusion of homosexual people. In some areas, such as human sexuality, the church establishment has faced resistance from congregations. In 2005, the church allowed gay priests to enter into civil partnerships.[29] Speaking on such partnerships, it was communicated that “The Church in Wales
Wales
has no formal view on whether people in civil partnerships who are in a sexual relationship can serve as clergy. If the issue arises, it is up to the relevant Bishop
Bishop
to decide."[29] Therefore, the Welsh church does not require abstinence for clergy in civil unions.[30] Regarding transgender issues, an officer announced that the church believes transgender people "should be acknowledged and celebrated in their new gender."[31] Currently, "the Church has published prayers that may be said with a couple following the celebration of a [same-sex] civil partnership or civil marriage."[32] Currently, "the Church in Wales
Wales
is much more liberal on this issue [than the Church of England]" and is discussing the possibility of blessing or performing same-sex marriages.[33] The Diocese
Diocese
of St. Asaph provides a chaplaincy and services for LGBT people.[34] The Very Revd Jeffrey John, who is openly gay and in a civil union, was nearly elected bishop of Llandaff when he "won more than half of a Church in Wales
Wales
electoral college, but fell short of the two-thirds majority required."[35] "The Anglican Church In Wales
Wales
took the first steps towards allowing clergy to celebrate same sex marriage in its churches when more than half its Governing Body voted in favour of the move."[36] In the 2016 results, 52% of the Governing Body voted in favour of allowing same-sex marriages in church.[37] "Members of the Church in Wales Governing Body voted 61 in favour of gay marriages in church, nine in favour of blessing gay partnerships and 50 for making no change."[38] As a result of the majority support for same-sex couples, but not a two-thirds majority needed to create a same-sex marriage ceremony, the church's Bench of Bishops affirmed members in same-sex relationships and "published a series of prayers which may be said with a couple following the celebration of a civil partnership or civil marriage."[39][40][41] The service, in Form One, gives God thanks "for [the two people] who have found such love and companionship in each other, that it has led them to dedicate their lives in support of one another."[42] Ecumenical relations[edit] Like many other Anglican provinces, the Church in Wales
Wales
entered into full communion with the Old Catholics. The Church in Wales
Wales
is also a member of the Porvoo Communion. Because of the Anglo-Catholic dominance, relations with the Free Churches (formerly known during establishment times as Nonconformists), ecumenical progress has been slower in Wales
Wales
than in England.[citation needed] The Church in Wales is a member of the Covenanted Churches in Wales.[43] A covenant (with church unity as an ultimate goal) was signed by the Church in Wales, the Methodist Church, the Presbyterian Church of Wales, the United Reformed Church, and some Baptist churches in 1982 under the title of Enfys ("rainbow"). See also[edit]

Cytûn – Churches Together in Wales List of archdeacons in the Church in Wales List of Church in Wales
Wales
churches

References[edit]

^ "Representative Body". churchinwales.org.uk. Church in Wales. Retrieved 11 February 2016.  ^ "Membership figures". churchsociety.org. Church of England
Church of England
Yearbook 2004. Retrieved 1 May 2016.  ^ http://cinw.s3.amazonaws.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/09/Ag19-MembershipFinance_en.pdf ^ Y Catechism; Amelinelliad o'r Ffydd - The Catechism: An Outline of the Faith. Section III, clause 25, p. 7 (Caerdydd/Cardiff. Gwasg yr Eglwys yng Nghymru/Church in Wales
Wales
Publications 1993) ^ Office, Anglican Communion. "Member Church - Wales". www.anglicancommunion.org. Retrieved 2018-01-30.  ^ s.6, Welsh Church (Temporalities) Act 1919. Both these functions formed part of the jurisdiction of the Papal Legate which were transferred to the Archbishop of Canterbury
Archbishop of Canterbury
at the Reformation. ^ The First Report of the Commissioners for Church Temporalities in Wales
Wales
(1914-16) Cd 8166, p 5; Second Report of the Commissioners for Church Temporalities in Wales
Wales
(1917-18) Cd 8472 viii 93, p 4 ^ "Antichrist, or the Reunion of Christendom: An Ode". ^ Markham, Ian S.; Hawkins, J. Barney; Terry, Justyn; Steffensen, Leslie Nuñez (2013). The Wiley-Blackwell Companion to the Anglican Communion. John Wiley & Sons. pp. 521–523. ISBN 978-1-118-32086-0.  ^ churchinwales.org.uk Archived 14 November 2007 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Church in Wales
Wales
Membership and Finances" (PDF). www.churchinwales.org.uk. Church in Wales. Retrieved 1 November 2015.  ^ "Church in Wales: Membership and Finances 2015" (PDF). churchinwales.org.uk. Church in Wales. 2016. Retrieved 27 September 2016.  ^ "World Mission Atlas Project" (PDF). worldmap.org. Retrieved December 10, 2017.  ^ [1] Constitution of the Church in Wales, Chapter V, Paragraph V. (Accessed 19 May 2017) ^ Constitution of the Church in Wales, Chapter V Part II, Section 9 (Accessed 5 January 2017) ^ "Female Bishops approved by Church in Wales", The Guardian, 12 September 2013. ^ Bishops' biodata Archived 7 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine., Church in Wales
Wales
website ^ http://www.churchinwales.org.uk/structure/governing-body/ ^ https://www.churchinwales.org.uk/structure/representative-body/publications/liturgy/morning-evening-prayer/ ^ https://www.churchinwales.org.uk/structure/representative-body/publications/liturgy/child-prayers-for-a/ ^ Anglican Listening Archived 5 July 2008 at the Wayback Machine. goes into detail on how scripture, tradition, and reason work to "uphold and critique each other in a dynamic way". ^ "Welsh plan for women priests". The Independent. 1995-04-16. Retrieved 2018-03-30.  ^ Herd, George (2017). "Church marks 20 years of women priests". BBC News. Retrieved 2018-03-30.  ^ "Church in Wales
Wales
Celebrates Ten Years of Women Priests". www.christiantoday.com. Retrieved 2 November 2016.  ^ "Welsh women deacons made priests". The Irish Times. Retrieved 2 November 2016.  ^ "'Crossing Thresholds' – history of women's ministry in Wales
Wales
- The Church in Wales". The Church in Wales. Retrieved 2018-03-30.  ^ "Canon Joanna Penberthy elected Wales' first woman bishop". BBC News. 2 November 2016. Retrieved 2 November 2016.  ^ Williamson, David (2017-04-27). " Wales
Wales
has a new Bishop
Bishop
of Llandaff - and our second-ever woman bishop". walesonline. Retrieved 2018-03-30.  ^ a b "Church in Wales
Wales
looks at pension rights for clerics' partners". 15 September 2011. Retrieved 6 September 2016.  ^ "Leading Gay Cleric Jeffrey John Narrowly Rejected As Bishop
Bishop
In Wales". www.christiantoday.com. Retrieved 9 April 2017.  ^ Williamson, David (23 April 2009). "Funding sex change therapy in Wales
Wales
is a life-saver, says transgender journalist". Retrieved 16 September 2016.  ^ James, David (2016-04-06). "The Church in Wales
Wales
has apologised to gay and lesbian people". walesonline. Retrieved 2017-06-02.  ^ "Gay marriage: MP Bryant says church stance 'wrong'". BBC News. Retrieved 29 May 2016.  ^ "LGBTQIA chaplaincy - The Diocese
Diocese
of St. Asaph". The Diocese
Diocese
of St. Asaph. Retrieved 2017-05-26.  ^ Shipton, Martin (2017-03-09). "Gay cleric 'rejected as Bishop
Bishop
of Llandaff' despite winning half the votes". walesonline. Retrieved 2018-03-30.  ^ "Church in Wales
Wales
shows support for same sex marriage". www.christiantoday.com. Retrieved 2018-03-30.  ^ "The Welsh Church is now a 'more welcoming place'". www.churchtimes.co.uk. Retrieved 2017-10-08.  ^ Wightwick, Abbie (2015-09-17). "Church votes YES for gay marriage but it's a long way to real change". walesonline. Retrieved 2018-03-30.  ^ "The UK's first LGBTQIA chaplaincy officially launched - The Diocese of St. Asaph". The Diocese
Diocese
of St. Asaph. Retrieved 2018-03-30.  ^ Anna, Morrell,. "Same-sex marriage statement". The Church in Wales. Retrieved 7 April 2016.  ^ "Unofficial Blessings in Wales
Wales
- The Living Church". www.livingchurch.org. Retrieved 11 May 2016.  ^ Prayers that may be said with a couple following the Celebration of a Civil Partnership or Civil Marriage. Church in Wales. 2016. p. 1.  ^ "Covenanted Churches within Cytun". www.oikoumene.org. World Council of Churches. Retrieved 28 March 2017. 

Further reading[edit]

D T W Price, A History of the Church in Wales
Wales
in the Twentieth Century (Church in Wales
Wales
Publications, 1990)

External links[edit]

Church in Wales
Wales
website Text of the Welsh Church Act 1914
Welsh Church Act 1914
(4 & 5 Geo. 5 c. 91 as in force today (including any amendments) within the United Kingdom, from legislation.gov.uk

v t e

Church in Wales

Dioceses

Bangor Llandaff Monmouth Saint Asaph Saint David's Swansea and Brecon

Hierarchy

Archbishop of Wales Bangor Llandaff Monmouth Saint Asaph Saint David's Swansea and Brecon

v t e

Anglican dioceses in the United Kingdom and Ireland

Church of England (list of dioceses)

Province of Canterbury

Bath and Wells Birmingham Bristol Canterbury Chelmsford Chichester Coventry Derby Ely Europe Exeter Gloucester Guildford Hereford Leicester Lichfield Lincoln London Norwich Oxford Peterborough Portsmouth Rochester St Albans St Edmundsbury and Ipswich Salisbury Southwark Truro Winchester Worcester

Province of York

Blackburn Carlisle Chester Durham Leeds Liverpool Manchester Newcastle Sheffield Sodor and Man Southwell and Nottingham York

Church in Wales

Bangor Llandaff Monmouth St Asaph St David's Swansea and Brecon

Scottish Episcopal Church

Aberdeen and Orkney Argyll and The Isles Brechin Edinburgh Glasgow and Galloway Moray, Ross and Caithness St Andrews, Dunkeld and Dunblane

Church of Ireland

Province of Armagh

Armagh Clogher Connor Derry and Raphoe Down and Dromore Kilmore, Elphin and Ardagh Tuam, Killala and Achonry

Province of Dublin

Cashel and Ossory Cork, Cloyne and Ross Dublin and Glendalough Limerick and Killaloe Meath and Kildare

v t e

Members of the Greater Churches Network

Church of England

Province of Canterbury

Bath Abbey St Martin in the Bull Ring, Birmingham St Botolph's Church, Boston St Mary Redcliffe, Bristol St Mary's Church, Bury St Edmunds Church of St Mary the Great, Cambridge Cheltenham Minster Church of St Mary and All Saints, Chesterfield Christchurch Priory Holy Trinity Church, Coventry St Wulfram's Church, Grantham Great Malvern Priory Great Yarmouth Minster St Mary, Hadleigh All Saints' Church, Hertford King's Lynn Minster St James' Church, Louth St Laurence's Church, Ludlow All Saints Church, Fulham, London All Saints Church, Kingston upon Thames, London Christ Church, Spitalfields, London St Marylebone Parish Church, London St Martin-in-the-Fields, London St Mary's, Lutterworth St Peter Mancroft, Norwich All Saints' Church, Northampton Pershore Abbey Romsey Abbey St Andrew's Church, Rugby St Mary the Virgin, Saffron Walden St Chad's Church, Shrewsbury Church of the Holy Trinity, Stratford-upon-Avon St Mary Magdalene, Taunton Sherborne Abbey Shrewsbury Abbey St Mary Magdalene, Taunton Tewkesbury Abbey Waltham Abbey Church Collegiate Church of St Mary, Warwick Wimborne Minster St Peter's Collegiate Church, Wolverhampton

Province of York

Beverley Minster Bolton Priory Bridlington Priory Cartmel Priory St George's Minster, Doncaster Halifax Minster St Peter's Church, Harrogate Grimsby Minster Hexham Abbey Hull Minster Kendal Parish Church Lancaster Priory Leeds Minster Liverpool Parish Church St Mary's Church, Nantwich Church of St. Mary Magdalene, Newark-on-Trent St Mary's Church, Nottingham Church of St Peter and St Paul, Ormskirk Rotherham Minster Selby Abbey Church of St Wilfrid, Standish Sunderland Minster

Church in Wales

Priory Church of St Mary, Abergavenny St John the Baptist Church, Cardiff St Giles' Church, Wrexham

Scottish Episcopal Church

Church of St John the Evangelist, Edinburgh

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Anglican Communion

General

Supreme Governor of the Church of England Episcopal polity

Archbishop of Canterbury Anglican Communion
Anglican Communion
Primates Meeting

Lambeth Conferences Anglican Consultative Council Homosexuality

Windsor Report

Ordination of women Ecumenism

African provinces

Burundi Central Africa Congo Indian Ocean Jerusalem and the Middle East Kenya Nigeria Rwanda Southern Africa South Sudan Sudan Tanzania Uganda West Africa

American provinces

Brazil Canada Central America Mexico South America United States of America West Indies

Asian provinces

Bangladesh (United) Hong Kong and Macao Japan Jerusalem and the Middle East Korea Myanmar (Burma) North India (United) Pakistan (United) Philippines South East Asia South India (United)

European provinces

England Ireland Scotland Wales

Oceanian provinces

Aotearoa, New Zealand and Polynesia Australia Melanesia Papua New Guinea

Extra-provincial churches

Bermuda Ceylon (Sri Lanka) Cuba Falkland Islands Portugal Spain

Churches in full communion

Mar Thoma Syrian Church Malabar Syrian Church Union of Utrecht Philippine Independent Church Porvoo Communion

Anglicanism
Anglicanism
portal

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Porvoo Communion

Anglican churches

Church of England Church of Ireland Lusitanian Catholic Apostolic Evangelical Church Scottish Episcopal Church Spanish Reformed Episcopal Church Church in Wales

Lutheran churches

Church of Denmark Estonian Evangelical Lutheran Church Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland Lutheran Church in Great Britain Church of Iceland Latvian Evangelical Lutheran Church Abroad Evangelical Lutheran Church in Lithuania Church of Norway Church of Sweden

Observer churches

Evangelical Lutheran Church of Latvia

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Wales articles

History

Prehistory Roman Era Anglo-Welsh Wars Early Middle Ages Kingdom of Gwynedd Kingdom of Powys Deheubarth Medieval Welsh law Norman invasion Edwardian conquest Late Middle Ages Statute of Rhuddlan Glyndŵr Rising Laws in Wales
Wales
Acts 1535 and 1542

Geography

Geology Islands Lakes Mountains and hills Protected areas Rivers

Politics

Assembly Elections First Minister Political parties Welsh nationalism Welsh Office

Secretary of State

Modern Welsh law Women's suffrage

Economy

Agriculture (Sheep farming) Companies Power stations Tourism Transport

Society

Demographics Education Languages

Welsh

history

Welsh English

Welsh people

Culture

Art Eisteddfod Gorsedd Literature in Welsh / in English Media Museums Castles Scheduled Monuments Music Theatre

Sport

Athletics Bando Boxing Cnapan Cricket Football

national team

Golf Horse racing Pêl-Law Rugby league

national team

Rugby union

Men's team Men's 7s team Women's team Women's 7s team

Religion

1904–1905 Welsh Revival Bahá'ís Buddhism Christianity Church in Wales Saint David Hinduism Islam in Wales Judaism Presbyterian Church of Wales Welsh Methodist revival Mormonism Neo-Druidism Sikhism

Symbols

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national

Prince of Wales's feathers Royal Badge Welsh Dragon

Outline

Cat

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