Chur or Coire (German: [ˈkuːr] or [ˈxuːr]; Romansh: Cuira
[ˈkwerɐ] or [ˈkwoi̯rɐ]; Italian: Coira [ˈkɔi̯ɾa]; French:
Coire [ˈkwaʁ])[notes 1] is the capital and largest town of the Swiss
Grisons and lies in the Grisonian
Rhine Valley, where the
Rhine turns towards the north, in the northern part of the canton. The
city, which is located on the right bank of the Rhine, is reputedly
the oldest town of Switzerland.
The official language of
Chur is (the Swiss variety of Standard)
German, but the main spoken language is the local variant of the High
Swiss German dialect.
2 Geography and climate
3.1 Coat of arms
3.2 Administrative divisions
3.5.1 National Council
3.6 International relations
3.6.1 Twin towns – Sister cities
4.2 Historic population
6 Culture and tourism
6.1 Main sights
8 List of notable people
9 Notes and references
10 External links
Chur in 1642, by Matthäus Merian.
Watercolour drawing of Coire/Chur/Coira by Francis Nicholson
View of Chur.
Archaeological evidence of settlement at the site, in the Eastern
Alps, goes back as far as the Pfyn culture (3900-3500 BC),
Chur one of the oldest settlements in Switzerland. Remains and
objects from the Bronze and Iron Ages have also been found in the
eastern sector of the current city's centre. These include Bronze Age
Urnfield and Luco-Meluno settlements from 1300-800 BC and Iron Age
settlements from the 5th to 3rd centuries BC.
The Roman Empire conquered the area that then came to be known as the
Roman province of
Raetia in 15 BC. Under emperor
Diocletian (late 3rd
century AD), the existing settlement of Curia Raetorum (later Chur)
was made the capital of the newly established province of Raetia
In the 4th century
Chur became the seat of the first Christian
bishopric north of the Alps. Despite a legend assigning its foundation
to an alleged Briton king, St. Lucius, the first known bishop is one
Asinio in 451 AD.
After the invasion of the Ostrogoths, it was rechristened
Theodoricopolis; in the 6th century it was conquered by the Franks.
The city suffered several invasions, by the
Magyars in 925-926, when
the cathedral was destroyed, and by the Saracens (940 and 954), but
afterwards it flourished thanks to its location, where the roads from
several major Alpine transit routes come together and continue down
the Rhine. The routes had been already used under the Romans but
acquired greater importance under the
Ottonian dynasty of the Holy
Roman Empire. Emperor Otto I granted the town the right to collect
tolls in 952 and appointed his vassal Hartpert as bishop of
958, giving the bishopric numerous privileges. In 1170 the bishop
became a prince-bishop and kept total control over the road between
Chur and Chiavenna.
In the 13th century the town had some 1,300 inhabitants, and was
surrounded by a line of walls. In the 14th century, at least six fires
damaged or destroyed the monasteries of St. Luzi and St. Nicolai, St.
Martin's church and twice destroyed much of the town. The
Gotteshausbund (League of the House of God) was formed in 1367 in Chur
to resist the rising power of the Bishopric of
Chur and the House of
Chur was the chief town of the League and one of the places
the Leagues' assemblies met regularly. A burgmeister (mayor) of Chur
is first mentioned in 1413, The bishop's residence was attacked by the
inhabitants in 1418 and 1422, when a series of concessions were wrung
out of him.
On 27 April 1464 most of the town was destroyed in a fire, which only
the bishop's estates and St. Luzi monastery survived. With the
bishops' power waning as he came increasingly under the influence of
the nearby Habsburg County of Tyrol, the citizens sent a delegation to
Emperor Frederick III. The Emperor reconfirmed the historic rights of
Chur and also granted them extensive new rights which freed the city
from the bishop's power. In 1465 the citizens wrote a constitution
which granted all governmental power to Chur's guilds. All government
positions were restricted to guild members, allowing the guilds to
regulate all aspects of life in Chur. Because guild membership was the
only route to political power, local patricians and nobles quickly
became guild members, often joining the winemakers guild.
Chur lead League of the House of God allied with the Grey League
League of the Ten Jurisdictions
League of the Ten Jurisdictions in 1471 to form the Three
Leagues. In 1489
Chur obtained the right to have a tribunal of its
own, but never had the title of Free Imperial City. In 1497-98,
concerned about Habsburg expansion and with the Bishop of Chur
quarrelling with Austria, the
Three Leagues formed an alliance with
the Swiss Confederation. In 1499 the
Swabian War broke out between the
Three Leagues and
Austria and quickly expanded to include the
Confederation. During the war, troops from
Chur fought under the
Vogt Heinrich Ammann in the Lower Engadin, in
near Balzers. Troops from
Chur also took part in the 1512 invasion of
Valtellina and the Second
Musso War in 1530-31.
In 1523 Johannes Dorfmann or Comander was appointed parish priest of
St. Martin's Church and began preaching the new faith of the
Protestant Reformation. It spread rapidly and by 1524-25 the bishop
had fled the city and Protestant services were taking place in the
churches of St. Martin and St. Regula. The Ilanz articles of 1524
and 1526 allowed each resident of the
Three Leagues to choose their
religion, and sharply reduced the political and secular power of the
Chur and all monasteries in League territory. By 1527
all of Chur, except the bishop's estates, had adopted the Reformation.
On 1 January 1529 Abbot Theodore Schlegel was publicly beheaded.
Bishop Thomas Planta, a friend of St. Charles Borromeo, tried, but
without success, to suppress Protestantism. He died, probably
poisoned, 5 May 1565.
During the 16th century the
German language started to prevail over
Romansh. In 1479 about 300 houses and stalls burned in another fire.
Nearly a century later on 23 July 1574 a fire destroyed 174 houses and
114 stalls, or about half the city. Two years later on 21 October
1576, another 53 houses were burned. Two years after the 1576 fire,
the perpetrator, Hauptmann Stör, was executed.
After the Napoleonic Wars, the
Three Leagues became the canton of
Graubünden in 1803. The guild constitution of the city of
until 1839, while in 1874 the
Burgergemeinde was replaced by an
Graubünden became a canton in 1803,
chosen as its capital.
Geography and climate
Further information: Alpine
Chur from its highest point, called Fürhörnli, looking upstream
Chur had an area, (as of the 2004/09 survey) of 28.09 km2
(10.85 sq mi). Of this area, about 17.6% is used for
agricultural purposes, while 52.1% is forested. Of the rest of the
land, 26.5% is settled (buildings or roads) and 3.9% is unproductive
land. Over the past two decades (1979/85-2004/09) the amount of land
that is settled has increased by 86 ha (210 acres) and the
agricultural land has decreased by 87 ha (210 acres).
Chur is situated at a height of 1,949 ft (594 m) above sea
level, on the right bank of the torrent Plessur, just as it issues
from the valley Schanfigg, and about a mile above its junction with
the Rhine, almost entirely surrounded by the Alps, overshadowed by the
Mittenberg (northeast) and Pizoggel (southwest), hills that guard the
entrance to the deep-cut valley Schanfigg.
The altitude in the city area varies from 600 meters (2,000 ft)
above sea level to 1,800 meters (5,900 ft) above sea level, the
Churer Hausberg Brambrüesch (accessible from the Old Town) situated
at 2,174 meters (7,133 ft) above sea level.
The water of Chur's spring is exported and sold as Passugger mineral
Chur has an oceanic climate in spite of its inland position. Summers
are warm and sometimes hot, normally averaging around 25 °C
(77 °F) during the day, whilst winter means are around freezing,
with daytime temperatures being about 5 °C (41 °F).
Between 1981 and 201
Chur had an average of 104.6 days of rain per
year and on average received 849 mm (33.4 in) of
precipitation. The wettest month was August during which time Chur
received an average of 112 mm (4.4 in) of precipitation.
During this month there was precipitation for an average of 11.2 days.
The driest month of the year was February with an average of
47 mm (1.9 in) of precipitation over 6.6 days.
Climate data for
Average high °C (°F)
Daily mean °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Average precipitation mm (inches)
Average snowfall cm (inches)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm)
Average snowy days (≥ 1.0 cm)
Average relative humidity (%)
Mean monthly sunshine hours
Source: MeteoSwiss 
Coat of arms
Blazon: On silver a red city gate with three merlons, in the gate an
upright standing black capricorn.
The City Council (Stadtrat) constitutes the executive government of
the City of
Chur and operates as a collegiate authority. It is
composed of only three councilors (German: Stadtrat/ Stadträtin),
each presiding over a department. In the mandate period 2017–2020
(Legislatur) the City Council is presided by Stadtpräsident Urs
Marti. Departmental tasks, coordination measures and implementation of
laws decreed by the Municipal Council (parliament) are carried by the
City Council. The regular election of the City Council by any
inhabitant valid to vote is held every four years. Any resident of
Chur allowed to vote can be elected as a member of the City Council.
The current mandate period is from 1 January 2017 to 31 December 2020.
The delegates are elected by means of a system of Proporz. The mayor
is elected as such by public election by means of a system of Majorz,
while the heads of the other departments are assigned by the
As of 2017[update], Chur's City Council is made up of one
representative of the FDP (FDP.The Liberals, who is also the mayor),
one member of the Freie Liste Verda (FLV) (Free Green List), and one
of the SP (Social Democratic Party), giving the left parties a
majority of two out of three seats. The last regular election was held
on 5/26 June 2016.
Stadtrat of Chur
Head of Department (Leitung, since) of
Urs Marti[CC 1]
Departement 1 (2013)
Departement 3 (2013)
Departement 2 (2017)
^ Mayor (Stadtpräsident)
The Gemeinderat of
Chur for the mandate period of 2017-2020
The Municipal Council (Gemeinderat) holds legislative power. It is
made up of only 21 members, with elections held every four years. The
Municipal Council decrees regulations and by-laws that are executed by
the City Council and the administration. The delegates are selected by
means of a system of Proporz.
The sessions of the Municipal Council are public. Unlike members of
the City Council, members of the Municipal Council are not politicians
by profession, and they are paid a fee based on their attendance. Any
Chur allowed to vote can be elected as a member of the
Municipal Council. The parliament holds its meetings in the Rathaus
The last regular election of the Municipal Council was held on 5 June
2016 for the mandate period (German: Legislatur) from January 2017 to
December 2020. Currently the Municipal Council consist of 6 members of
the Social Democratic Party (SP/PS), 4
Swiss People's Party
Swiss People's Party (SVP/UDC),
3 Conservative Democratic Party (BDP/PBD), 3 The Liberals (FDP/PLR), 2
Christian Democratic People's Party (CVP/PDC), 2 Freie Liste Verda
(Free Green List), one Green Liberal Party (GLP/PVL).
In the 2015 federal election the most popular party was the SVP/UDC
with 26.43% of the vote followed almost equally by the SP/PS (25.96%),
then the CVP/PDC (13.74%), the FDP/PLR (12.06%), the BDP/PBD (11.97),
and the GLP/PVL (9.71). In the federal election, a total of 11,102
votes were cast, and the voter turnout was 45.4%.
Twin towns – Sister cities
See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Switzerland
Chur is twinned with:
Bad Homburg vor der Höhe, Germany
Bad Mondorf, Luxembourg
Chur has a population (as of 31 December 2016) of 34,880. In 2008,
17.8% of the population was made up of foreign nationals, by 2014
that number was 19.2%. Over the last 4 years (2010-2014) the
population has changed at a rate of 2.34%. The birth rate in the
municipality, in 2014, was 9.2, while the death rate was 10.0 per
thousand residents. Most of the population (as of 2000[update])
speaks German (81.0%), with Romansh being second most common (5.4%)
and Italian being third (5.1%).
As of 2000[update], the gender distribution of the population was
47.9% male and 52.1% female. The age distribution, as of
Chur is; 3,087 children or 9.4% of the population are
between 0 and 9 years old. 1,602 teenagers or 4.9% are 10 to 14, and
2,194 teenagers or 6.7% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 4,770
people or 14.5% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old.
5,517 people or 16.7% are 30 to 39, 4,616 people or 14.0% are 40 to
49, and 4,254 people or 12.9% are 50 to 59. The senior population
distribution is 3,090 people or 9.4% of the population are between 60
and 69 years old, 2,314 people or 7.0% are 70 to 79, there are 1,307
people or 4.0% who are 80 to 89, there are 233 people or 0.7% who are
90 to 99, and 5 people who are 100 or more.
In 2015 there were 15,557 single residents, 13,722 people who were
married or in a civil partnership, 1,948 widows or widowers, 3,423
divorced residents and 2 people who did not answer the question.
In 2014 there were 16,970 private households in
Chur with an average
household size of 2.00 persons. Of the 3,792 inhabited buildings in
the municipality, in 2000, about 37.8% were single family homes and
39.7% were multiple family buildings. Additionally, about 20.5% of the
buildings were built before 1919, while 8.8% were built between 1991
and 2000. In 2013 the rate of construction of new housing units
per 1000 residents was 7.71. The vacancy rate for the municipality, in
2015[update], was 0.6%.
The historical population is given in the following chart:
Historic population data 
% German speaking
% Italian speaking
% Romansh speaking
% Roman Catholic
End of the 15th century
^a Language adds up to over 100% due to counting all languages, not
just first language.
From the 2000 census[update], 14,713 or 44.6% are Roman Catholic,
while 12,199 or 37.0% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the
rest of the population, there are 15 individuals (or about 0.05% of
the population) who belong to the Christian Catholic Church of
Switzerland, there are 589 individuals (or about 1.79% of the
population) who belong to the Orthodox Church, and there are 532
individuals (or about 1.61% of the population) who belong to another
Christian church. There are 13 individuals (or about 0.04% of the
population) who are Jewish, and 917 (or about 2.78% of the population)
who are Muslim. There are 424 individuals (or about 1.29% of the
population) who belong to another church (not listed on the census),
1,998 (or about 6.06% of the population) belong to no church, are
agnostic or atheist, and 1,589 individuals (or about 4.82% of the
population) did not answer the question.
Chur about 70.3% of the population (between age 25-64) have
completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional
higher education (either University or a Fachhochschule).
As of 2014[update], there were a total of 32,448 people employed
in the municipality. Of these, 108 people worked in 26 businesses in
the primary economic sector. A majority (68.5%) of the primary sector
employees worked in very small businesses (less than ten employees).
The remainder worked in 2 small businesses with a total of 34
employees. The secondary sector employed 3,645 workers in 345 separate
businesses. A minority (21.2%) of the secondary sector employees
worked in very small businesses. There were 75 small businesses with a
total of 1,731 employees and 12 mid sized businesses with a total of
1,141 employees. Finally, the tertiary sector provided 28,695 jobs in
3,375 businesses. In 2014 a total of 16,854 employees worked in 3,306
small companies (less than 50 employees). There were 65 mid-sized
businesses with 9,093 employees and 4 large businesses which employed
2,748 people (for an average size of 687).
In 2014 a total of 7.7% of the population received social
In 2015 local hotels had a total of 152,629 overnight stays, of which
47.8% were international visitors.
There were two movie theaters in the municipality, in 2015, with a
total of 4 screens and 736 seats.
In 2014 the crime rate, of the over 200 crimes listed in the Swiss
Criminal Code (running from murder, robbery and assault to accepting
bribes and election fraud), in
Chur was 68.6 per thousand residents,
only slightly higher than the national average of 64.6 per thousand.
During the same period, the rate of drug crimes was 15.7 per thousand
residents, which is about one and half times the national rate. The
rate of violations of immigration, visa and work permit laws was 2.4
per thousand residents, or about half the national rate.
Railway and Post bus station
The Arosabahn waits at
Chur Stadt halt
Chur is 120 kilometres (75 miles) by rail from Zürich, and is the
meeting-point of the routes from
Italy over many alpine passes
(Lukmanier Pass, Splugen Pass, and San Bernardino Pass), as well as
from the Engadine (Albula Pass, Julier Pass), so that it is the centre
of an active trade (particularly in wine from the Valtelline), though
it also has a few local factories.
The city's main railway station is where the Swiss Federal Railways
system link with that of the
Rhaetian Railway (RhB). While the SBB
lines serve most of Switzerland, most of Graubünden's internal rail
traffic is served by RhB lines. One of the RhB lines (to Arosa) uses
on-street running through streets in the centre of
Chur and Sand in
order to reach the station - see
There are three other railway stations in Chur:
Chur Stadt (on the Chur-
There is also a postbus station situated above the railway station.
Chur is linked by a motorway—the A13.
Culture and tourism
Poststrasse, Old Town
Bündner Kunstmuseum (Grisonian Art Museum).
Church of St. Martin
Kantonsgerichtsgebäude (home of cantonal court)
St. Maria Himmelfahrt (cathedral of the Assumption)
Chur is home to many buildings or other sites that are listed as Swiss
heritage sites of national significance. There are two archeological
sites in Chur, the old city which is a medieval city and Welschdörfli
a prehistoric settlement and Roman Vicus. There are four archives or
libraries; the bishop's palace (library and archive), the Cantonal
Library, the Cantonal Archive of
Graubünden and the city archive of
Chur. There are also four museums on the list; the Bündner
Kunstmuseum (Art Museum), Bündner Naturmuseum (Natural History
Museum), the Dommuseum and the Rätisches Museum in the Haus Buol.
Three churches are included in the list; The cathedral of the
Assumption, the Catholic Church of St. Luzi and the Reformed church of
St. Martin. There are 15 other buildings that are also heritage sites;
these include the Alte Kaserne at Zeughaus 3 (the Old Armory), the
Confederation Paper Mill, the Main Post Office, the new Town Hall,
headquarters of the
Rhätische Bahn and several old patrician
The first church on the cathedral site was built in the first half of
the 5th century. The Romanesque crypt was probably built under
Bishop Tello (758-73). It contains remarkable paintings by Albrecht
Dürer and Hans Holbein. The current building was built between
1154 and 1270. In 1272 it was dedicated to Saint Mary of the
Assumption. The round arch window along the center axis is the largest
medieval window in Graubünden. The late-Gothic high altar was
completed in 1492 by Jakob Russ.
The Church of St. Luzi was probably built in the 8th century, though
the first record of it appears in 821 when the relics of St. Luzius
were removed from the church. It may have been the site of a
Carolingian scribes' school during the early middle ages. In 1149 it
became the church of the
The town is home to the
Giger Bar designed by the Swiss artist H. R.
Giger, the Old Town, the art gallery, and the natural history museum.
Chur's ice hockey team, EHC Chur, plays in the Swiss 1. Liga, the
third tier of the Swiss ice hockey league system. They play their home
games in the 6,500-seat Hallenstadion.
The American football team
Calanda Broncos (formally Landquart
Broncos) moved to
Chur in 2009, playing their home games at
Ringstrasse Stadium. The Broncos currently play in the Nationalliga A
and are the most successful Swiss American football team with the
record for most
Swiss Bowl wins (8 wins) as well as winning the EFAF
Cup in 2010 and the
Eurobowl in 2012. As of 2017 they finished first
in the league, hosting
Swiss Bowl XXXII in Ringstrasse Stadium where
they defeated the
Basel Gladiators 42-6 on July 8.
List of notable people
Angelika Kauffmann-Self Portrait-1784
Georg Jenatsch 1636
George Blaurock (c. 1492–1529), Grisonian Catholic pater and leading
personality of the Radical Reformation
Jakob Buchli (1876–1945), born in Chur, engineer in the field of
Binia Feltscher-Beeli (born 1978), born in Chur, Olympic medalist
Harry Clarke (1889–1931), buried in Chur, illustrator and stained
H. R. Giger
H. R. Giger (1940–2014), born in Chur, visual artist, painter and
Kurt Huber (1893–1943), born in Chur, a professor at the Ludwig
Maximilian University of Munich, folksong researcher, member of the
White Rose, which carried out resistance against Nazi Germany
Mario Illien (born 1946), born in Chur, engine builder
Robert Indermaur (born 1947), born in Chur, painter and sculptor
Rebecca Indermaur, born in Chur, actress
Jörg Jenatsch (1596–1639), died in Chur, Grisonian politician
during Thirty Years' War
Angelica Kauffman (1741–1801), born in Chur, Austrian Neoclassical
painter who had a successful career in London and Rome
Adolfo Kind (1848–1907), born in Chur, a chemical engineer and one
of the fathers of skiing in Italy
Johannes Fabricius Montanus (1527–1577), died in Chur, German
theologian and poet
Nino Niederreiter (born 1992), Born in Chur, highest drafted
Swiss-born hockey player in NHL history
Rudolf Olgiati (1910–1995), born in Chur, important local architect
Valerio Olgiati (born 1958), born in Chur, renowned architect of
Robert Platow (1900–1982), died in Chur, German journalist, founder
and publisher of the Platow Brief, the first and oldest German
economics background service
Giorgio Rocca (born 1975), born in Chur, Italian alpine skier
Philip Schaff (1819–1893), born in Chur, Protestant theologian and
Nino Schurter (born 1986), lives in Chur, mountain biker and Olympic
Meinrad Schütter (1910–2006), born in Chur, Swiss composer
Soloman Sprecher von Bernegg
Soloman Sprecher von Bernegg (1697–1758), born in Chur; Habsburg
Field Marshal. Seven Years' War.
Jeremiah Theus (1716–1746), born in Chur, Swiss-American painter
Renato Tosio (born 1964), former ice hockey goaltender of EHC Chur
Johann Baptista von Tscharner (1815–1879), born and died in Chur,
lawyer and politician in Chur
Andreas Walser, 1908–1930, born in Chur, painter
Peter Zumthor (born 1943), nationwide renowned, contemporary
architect, works in Chur
Notes and references
^ Others: Latin: CVRIA, CVRIA RHAETORVM and CVRIA RAETORVM
^ a b Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database –
Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen
Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (in German) accessed
30 August 2017
^ a b
Chur in German, French and Italian in the online Historical
Dictionary of Switzerland.
^ Schibler, J. 2006. The economy and environment of the 4th and 3rd
millennia BC in the northern Alpine foreland based on studies of
animal bones. Environmental Archaeology 11(1): 49-65
Raetia in German, French and Italian in the online Historical
Dictionary of Switzerland.
^ The Alps - 4.1 Church and Religious Life in German, French and
Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
Franks in German, French and Italian in the online Historical
Dictionary of Switzerland.
^ a b Stadtbrände from Official Website
^ Official Website - Fire.
Chur becomes a guild city (in German)
accessed 29 December 2016
^ a b c One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text
from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles,
ed. (1913). "Chur". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert
^ Ilanz Articles in German, French and Italian in the online
Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
^ a b c d Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Regional portraits
accessed 27 October 2016
^ a b "Temperature and
Precipitation Average Values-Table, 1981-2010"
(in German, French, and Italian). Federal Office of Meteorology and
Climatology - MeteoSwiss. Retrieved 19 December 2017. , the
weather station elevation is 556 metres (1,824 feet) above sea level.
^ a b c "Stadtrat" (official site) (in German). Chur, Switzerland:
Stadt Chur. 2016. Retrieved 2016-12-31.
^ a b "Gemeinderat" (official site) (in German). Chur, Switzerland:
Stadt Chur. Retrieved 2016-12-31.
^ "Nationalratswahlen (Parteistimmen und Parteistärke seit 1975:
Bezirke und Gemeinden)" (in German and French). Neuchâtel,
Switzerland: Federal Statistical Office (FSO). 2015. Retrieved
^ "Partnerstädte" (official web site) (in German). Stadt Chur.
^ a b c Graubunden Population Statistics Archived 27 August 2009 at
the Wayback Machine. (in German) accessed 21 September 2009
^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office Archived 5 January 2016 at the
Wayback Machine. accessed 27-Oct-2009
^ Graubunden in Numbers Archived 24 September 2009 at the Wayback
Machine. (in German) accessed 21 September 2009
^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Ständige und nichtständige
Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geschlecht,
Zivilstand und Geburtsort (in German) accessed 8 September 2016
^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB - Thema 09 - Bau- und
Wohnungswesen (in German) accessed 5 May 2016
^ a b
Chur in German, French and Italian in the online Historical
Dictionary of Switzerland.
^ Federal Statistical Office -Arbeitsstätten und Beschäftigte nach
Gemeinde, Wirtschaftssektor und Grössenklasse accessed 31 October
^ Federal Statistical Office - Hotellerie: Ankünfte und Logiernächte
der geöffneten Betriebe accessed 31 October 2016
^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Kinoinfrastruktur nach Gemeinde
und Kinotyp Archived 26 September 2016 at the Wayback Machine. (in
German) accessed 9 August 2016
^ Statistical Atlas of
Switzerland accessed 5 April 2016
^ Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional
significance Archived 1 May 2009 at the Wayback Machine. 21.11.2008
version, (in German) accessed 6 February 2017
^ Official website-The Cathedral (in German) accessed 27 December 2016
^ St. Luzi in German, French and Italian in the online Historical
Dictionary of Switzerland.
^ Official website-St. Luzi (in German) accessed 27 December 2016
Chur (municipality) in Romansh, German, French and Italian in the
online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland, 2015-11-18.
This article incorporates text from a publication now in
the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Coire".
Encyclopædia Britannica. 6 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
A. Eichhorn, Episcopatus Curiensis (St Blasien, 1797)
W. von Juvalt, Forschungen fiber die Feudalzeit im Curischen Raetien,
2 parts (Zürich, 1871)
C. Kind, Die Reformation in den Bistumern
Chur und Como (Coire, 1858)
Conradin von Moor, Geschichte von Curraetien (2 vols., Coire,
P. C. you Planta, Des alte Raetien (Berlin, 1872); Idem, Die
Curraetischen Herrschaften in der Feudalzeit (Bern, 188i); Idem,
Verfassungsgeschichte der Stadt Cur im Mittelalter (Coire, 1879);
Idem, Geschichte von
Graubünden (Bern, 1892).
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the
public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Chur". Catholic
Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton.
Principality of Liechtenstein homepage on religion
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Chur.
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Chur.
Chur – official website (in German)
Chur tourism office
Graubünden Holidays, Switzerland; official Graubünden
tourism office - English
Municipalities in the Plessur Region, Switzerland
Canton of Graubünden
Regions of Canton Graubünden
Municipalities of the canton of Graubünden
Capitals of Swiss cantons
Herisau, Appenzell Ausserrhoden
Appenzell, Appenzell Innerrhoden
St. Gallen, St. Gallen
BNF: cb12369126b (dat