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Chur
Chur
or Coire (German: [ˈkuːr] or [ˈxuːr]; Romansh: Cuira [ˈkwerɐ] or [ˈkwoi̯rɐ]; Italian: Coira [ˈkɔi̯ɾa]; French: Coire [ˈkwaʁ])[notes 1] is the capital and largest town of the Swiss canton of Grisons
Grisons
and lies in the Grisonian Rhine
Rhine
Valley, where the Rhine
Rhine
turns towards the north, in the northern part of the canton. The city, which is located on the right bank of the Rhine, is reputedly the oldest town of Switzerland. The official language of Chur
Chur
is (the Swiss variety of Standard) German, but the main spoken language is the local variant of the High Alemannic Swiss German
Swiss German
dialect.

Contents

1 History 2 Geography and climate

2.1 Topography 2.2 Climate

3 Politics

3.1 Coat of arms 3.2 Administrative divisions 3.3 Government 3.4 Parliament 3.5 Elections

3.5.1 National Council

3.6 International relations

3.6.1 Twin towns – Sister cities

4 Demographics

4.1 Population 4.2 Historic population 4.3 Religion 4.4 Education 4.5 Economy 4.6 Crime

5 Transportation 6 Culture and tourism

6.1 Main sights

7 Sport 8 List of notable people 9 Notes and references

9.1 Notes 9.2 References 9.3 Literature

10 External links

History[edit]

Chur
Chur
in 1642, by Matthäus Merian.

Watercolour drawing of Coire/Chur/Coira by Francis Nicholson (1753-1844).

View of Chur.

Archaeological evidence of settlement at the site, in the Eastern Alps, goes back as far as the Pfyn culture[3] (3900-3500 BC),[4] making Chur
Chur
one of the oldest settlements in Switzerland. Remains and objects from the Bronze and Iron Ages have also been found in the eastern sector of the current city's centre. These include Bronze Age Urnfield and Luco-Meluno settlements from 1300-800 BC and Iron Age settlements from the 5th to 3rd centuries BC. The Roman Empire conquered the area that then came to be known as the Roman province of Raetia
Raetia
in 15 BC. Under emperor Diocletian
Diocletian
(late 3rd century AD), the existing settlement of Curia Raetorum (later Chur) was made the capital of the newly established province of Raetia prima.[5] In the 4th century Chur
Chur
became the seat of the first Christian bishopric north of the Alps. Despite a legend assigning its foundation to an alleged Briton king, St. Lucius, the first known bishop is one Asinio[6] in 451 AD. After the invasion of the Ostrogoths, it was rechristened Theodoricopolis; in the 6th century it was conquered by the Franks.[7] The city suffered several invasions, by the Magyars
Magyars
in 925-926, when the cathedral was destroyed, and by the Saracens (940 and 954),[8] but afterwards it flourished thanks to its location, where the roads from several major Alpine transit routes come together and continue down the Rhine. The routes had been already used under the Romans but acquired greater importance under the Ottonian
Ottonian
dynasty of the Holy Roman Empire. Emperor Otto I granted the town the right to collect tolls in 952 and appointed his vassal Hartpert as bishop of Chur
Chur
in 958, giving the bishopric numerous privileges. In 1170 the bishop became a prince-bishop and kept total control over the road between Chur
Chur
and Chiavenna. In the 13th century the town had some 1,300 inhabitants, and was surrounded by a line of walls. In the 14th century, at least six fires damaged or destroyed the monasteries of St. Luzi and St. Nicolai, St. Martin's church and twice destroyed much of the town. The Gotteshausbund (League of the House of God) was formed in 1367 in Chur to resist the rising power of the Bishopric of Chur
Chur
and the House of Habsburg. Chur
Chur
was the chief town of the League and one of the places the Leagues' assemblies met regularly. A burgmeister (mayor) of Chur is first mentioned in 1413, The bishop's residence was attacked by the inhabitants in 1418 and 1422, when a series of concessions were wrung out of him. On 27 April 1464 most of the town was destroyed in a fire, which only the bishop's estates and St. Luzi monastery survived. With the bishops' power waning as he came increasingly under the influence of the nearby Habsburg County of Tyrol, the citizens sent a delegation to Emperor Frederick III. The Emperor reconfirmed the historic rights of Chur
Chur
and also granted them extensive new rights which freed the city from the bishop's power. In 1465 the citizens wrote a constitution which granted all governmental power to Chur's guilds. All government positions were restricted to guild members, allowing the guilds to regulate all aspects of life in Chur. Because guild membership was the only route to political power, local patricians and nobles quickly became guild members, often joining the winemakers guild.[9] The Chur
Chur
lead League of the House of God allied with the Grey League and the League of the Ten Jurisdictions
League of the Ten Jurisdictions
in 1471 to form the Three Leagues. In 1489 Chur
Chur
obtained the right to have a tribunal of its own, but never had the title of Free Imperial City. In 1497-98, concerned about Habsburg expansion and with the Bishop of Chur quarrelling with Austria, the Three Leagues
Three Leagues
formed an alliance with the Swiss Confederation. In 1499 the Swabian War
Swabian War
broke out between the Three Leagues
Three Leagues
and Austria
Austria
and quickly expanded to include the Confederation. During the war, troops from Chur
Chur
fought under the Bishop's Vogt
Vogt
Heinrich Ammann in the Lower Engadin, in Prättigau
Prättigau
and near Balzers. Troops from Chur
Chur
also took part in the 1512 invasion of the Valtellina
Valtellina
and the Second Musso War in 1530-31. In 1523 Johannes Dorfmann or Comander was appointed parish priest of St. Martin's Church and began preaching the new faith of the Protestant Reformation. It spread rapidly and by 1524-25 the bishop had fled the city and Protestant services were taking place in the churches of St. Martin and St. Regula.[10] The Ilanz articles of 1524 and 1526 allowed each resident of the Three Leagues
Three Leagues
to choose their religion, and sharply reduced the political and secular power of the Bishop of Chur
Chur
and all monasteries in League territory.[11] By 1527 all of Chur, except the bishop's estates, had adopted the Reformation. On 1 January 1529 Abbot Theodore Schlegel was publicly beheaded. Bishop Thomas Planta, a friend of St. Charles Borromeo, tried, but without success, to suppress Protestantism. He died, probably poisoned, 5 May 1565.[10] During the 16th century the German language
German language
started to prevail over Romansh. In 1479 about 300 houses and stalls burned in another fire. Nearly a century later on 23 July 1574 a fire destroyed 174 houses and 114 stalls, or about half the city. Two years later on 21 October 1576, another 53 houses were burned. Two years after the 1576 fire, the perpetrator, Hauptmann Stör, was executed.[8] After the Napoleonic Wars, the Three Leagues
Three Leagues
became the canton of Graubünden
Graubünden
in 1803. The guild constitution of the city of Chur
Chur
lasted until 1839, while in 1874 the Burgergemeinde was replaced by an Einwohnergemeinde. When Graubünden
Graubünden
became a canton in 1803, Chur
Chur
was chosen as its capital. Geography and climate[edit] Topography[edit] Further information: Alpine Rhine
Rhine
Valley

Chur
Chur
from its highest point, called Fürhörnli, looking upstream

Chur
Chur
had an area, (as of the 2004/09 survey) of 28.09 km2 (10.85 sq mi).[1] Of this area, about 17.6% is used for agricultural purposes, while 52.1% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 26.5% is settled (buildings or roads) and 3.9% is unproductive land. Over the past two decades (1979/85-2004/09) the amount of land that is settled has increased by 86 ha (210 acres) and the agricultural land has decreased by 87 ha (210 acres).[12] Chur
Chur
is situated at a height of 1,949 ft (594 m) above sea level, on the right bank of the torrent Plessur, just as it issues from the valley Schanfigg, and about a mile above its junction with the Rhine, almost entirely surrounded by the Alps, overshadowed by the Mittenberg (northeast) and Pizoggel (southwest), hills that guard the entrance to the deep-cut valley Schanfigg. The altitude in the city area varies from 600 meters (2,000 ft) above sea level to 1,800 meters (5,900 ft) above sea level, the Churer Hausberg Brambrüesch (accessible from the Old Town) situated at 2,174 meters (7,133 ft) above sea level. The water of Chur's spring is exported and sold as Passugger mineral water. Climate[edit] Chur
Chur
has an oceanic climate in spite of its inland position. Summers are warm and sometimes hot, normally averaging around 25 °C (77 °F) during the day, whilst winter means are around freezing, with daytime temperatures being about 5 °C (41 °F). Between 1981 and 201 Chur
Chur
had an average of 104.6 days of rain per year and on average received 849 mm (33.4 in) of precipitation. The wettest month was August during which time Chur received an average of 112 mm (4.4 in) of precipitation. During this month there was precipitation for an average of 11.2 days. The driest month of the year was February with an average of 47 mm (1.9 in) of precipitation over 6.6 days.[13]

Climate data for Chur
Chur
(1981-2010)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 4.8 (40.6) 6.4 (43.5) 11.2 (52.2) 15.1 (59.2) 20.0 (68) 22.7 (72.9) 24.9 (76.8) 24.1 (75.4) 20.0 (68) 16.1 (61) 9.5 (49.1) 5.3 (41.5) 15.0 (59)

Daily mean °C (°F) 0.7 (33.3) 1.8 (35.2) 5.9 (42.6) 9.7 (49.5) 14.3 (57.7) 17.1 (62.8) 19.1 (66.4) 18.5 (65.3) 14.8 (58.6) 10.8 (51.4) 5.2 (41.4) 1.7 (35.1) 10.0 (50)

Average low °C (°F) −2.6 (27.3) −2.0 (28.4) 1.6 (34.9) 4.6 (40.3) 8.9 (48) 11.8 (53.2) 13.8 (56.8) 13.7 (56.7) 10.3 (50.5) 6.6 (43.9) 1.7 (35.1) −1.4 (29.5) 5.6 (42.1)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 51 (2.01) 47 (1.85) 55 (2.17) 49 (1.93) 71 (2.8) 93 (3.66) 109 (4.29) 112 (4.41) 81 (3.19) 56 (2.2) 70 (2.76) 55 (2.17) 849 (33.43)

Average snowfall cm (inches) 34.0 (13.39) 24.7 (9.72) 10.3 (4.06) 1.5 (0.59) 0.4 (0.16) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 0.1 (0.04) 0.1 (0.04) 10.0 (3.94) 20.6 (8.11) 101.7 (40.04)

Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 7.3 6.6 8.1 7.5 9.9 11.2 11.0 11.2 8.4 7.0 8.5 7.9 104.6

Average snowy days (≥ 1.0 cm) 4.8 3.9 2.5 0.4 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.6 4.1 17.4

Average relative humidity (%) 73 70 65 63 64 67 68 71 73 73 74 75 70

Mean monthly sunshine hours 97 112 139 147 169 177 203 185 155 135 93 81 1,692

Source: MeteoSwiss [13]

Politics[edit] Coat of arms[edit] Blazon: On silver a red city gate with three merlons, in the gate an upright standing black capricorn. Administrative divisions[edit] Government[edit] The City Council (Stadtrat) constitutes the executive government of the City of Chur
Chur
and operates as a collegiate authority. It is composed of only three councilors (German: Stadtrat/ Stadträtin), each presiding over a department. In the mandate period 2017–2020 (Legislatur) the City Council is presided by Stadtpräsident Urs Marti. Departmental tasks, coordination measures and implementation of laws decreed by the Municipal Council (parliament) are carried by the City Council. The regular election of the City Council by any inhabitant valid to vote is held every four years. Any resident of Chur
Chur
allowed to vote can be elected as a member of the City Council. The current mandate period is from 1 January 2017 to 31 December 2020. The delegates are elected by means of a system of Proporz. The mayor is elected as such by public election by means of a system of Majorz, while the heads of the other departments are assigned by the collegiate.[14] As of 2017[update], Chur's City Council is made up of one representative of the FDP (FDP.The Liberals, who is also the mayor), one member of the Freie Liste Verda (FLV) (Free Green List), and one of the SP (Social Democratic Party), giving the left parties a majority of two out of three seats. The last regular election was held on 5/26 June 2016.[14]

Stadtrat of Chur[14]

City Councillor (Stadtrat/ Stadträtin) Party Head of Department (Leitung, since) of elected since

Urs Marti[CC 1]      FDP Departement 1 (2013) 2012

Tom Leibundgut      FLV Departement 3 (2013) 2012

Patrik Degiacomi      SP Departement 2 (2017) 2016

^ Mayor (Stadtpräsident)

Parliament[edit]

The Gemeinderat of Chur
Chur
for the mandate period of 2017-2020   SP (28.6%)   FLV (9.5%)   glp (4.8%)   CVP (9.5%)   FDP (14.3%)   BDP (14.3%)   SVP (19%)

The Municipal Council (Gemeinderat) holds legislative power. It is made up of only 21 members, with elections held every four years. The Municipal Council decrees regulations and by-laws that are executed by the City Council and the administration. The delegates are selected by means of a system of Proporz. The sessions of the Municipal Council are public. Unlike members of the City Council, members of the Municipal Council are not politicians by profession, and they are paid a fee based on their attendance. Any resident of Chur
Chur
allowed to vote can be elected as a member of the Municipal Council. The parliament holds its meetings in the Rathaus (Town Hall).[15] The last regular election of the Municipal Council was held on 5 June 2016 for the mandate period (German: Legislatur) from January 2017 to December 2020. Currently the Municipal Council consist of 6 members of the Social Democratic Party (SP/PS), 4 Swiss People's Party
Swiss People's Party
(SVP/UDC), 3 Conservative Democratic Party (BDP/PBD), 3 The Liberals (FDP/PLR), 2 Christian Democratic People's Party (CVP/PDC), 2 Freie Liste Verda (Free Green List), one Green Liberal Party (GLP/PVL).[15] Elections[edit] National Council[edit] In the 2015 federal election the most popular party was the SVP/UDC with 26.43% of the vote followed almost equally by the SP/PS (25.96%), then the CVP/PDC (13.74%), the FDP/PLR (12.06%), the BDP/PBD (11.97), and the GLP/PVL (9.71). In the federal election, a total of 11,102 votes were cast, and the voter turnout was 45.4%.[16] International relations[edit] Twin towns – Sister cities[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Switzerland Chur
Chur
is twinned with:[17]

Bad Homburg
Bad Homburg
vor der Höhe, Germany Bad Mondorf, Luxembourg Cabourg, France Mayrhofen, Austria Terracina, Italy

Demographics[edit] Population[edit] Chur
Chur
has a population (as of 31 December 2016) of 34,880.[2] In 2008, 17.8% of the population was made up of foreign nationals,[18] by 2014 that number was 19.2%. Over the last 4 years (2010-2014) the population has changed at a rate of 2.34%. The birth rate in the municipality, in 2014, was 9.2, while the death rate was 10.0 per thousand residents.[12] Most of the population (as of 2000[update]) speaks German (81.0%), with Romansh being second most common (5.4%) and Italian being third (5.1%).[19] As of 2000[update], the gender distribution of the population was 47.9% male and 52.1% female.[20] The age distribution, as of 2000[update], in Chur
Chur
is; 3,087 children or 9.4% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old. 1,602 teenagers or 4.9% are 10 to 14, and 2,194 teenagers or 6.7% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 4,770 people or 14.5% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 5,517 people or 16.7% are 30 to 39, 4,616 people or 14.0% are 40 to 49, and 4,254 people or 12.9% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 3,090 people or 9.4% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 2,314 people or 7.0% are 70 to 79, there are 1,307 people or 4.0% who are 80 to 89, there are 233 people or 0.7% who are 90 to 99, and 5 people who are 100 or more.[18] In 2015 there were 15,557 single residents, 13,722 people who were married or in a civil partnership, 1,948 widows or widowers, 3,423 divorced residents and 2 people who did not answer the question.[21] In 2014 there were 16,970 private households in Chur
Chur
with an average household size of 2.00 persons. Of the 3,792 inhabited buildings in the municipality, in 2000, about 37.8% were single family homes and 39.7% were multiple family buildings. Additionally, about 20.5% of the buildings were built before 1919, while 8.8% were built between 1991 and 2000.[22] In 2013 the rate of construction of new housing units per 1000 residents was 7.71. The vacancy rate for the municipality, in 2015[update], was 0.6%.[12] Historic population[edit] The historical population is given in the following chart:[23]

Historic population data [23]

Year Population Swiss % German speaking % Italian speaking % Romansh speaking % Protestant % Roman Catholic

13th century 1,000-1,500

End of the 15th century ca. 1,500

1780 2,331

1860 6,990 6,373

60.8% 39.1%

1880a 8,753 7,866 86.6% 3.2% 11.3% 73.6% 27.8%

1888 9,259 8,094 84.2% 2.7% 12.5% 70.4% 29.5%

1900 11,532 9,687 80.5% 5.9% 12.7% 65.6% 34.4%

1910 14,639 12,042 79.4% 8.0% 11.6% 62.8% 36.8%

1930 15,574 13,685 83.0% 5.3% 10.8% 62.8% 36.7%

1950 19,382 17,852 83.2% 5.2% 10.2% 60.4% 38.5%

1970 31,193 26,332 75.6% 9.7% 10.6% 49.1% 49.6%

1990 32,868 27,259 78.2% 6.2% 6.9% 42.7% 48.5%

2000 32,989 27,061 81.0% 5.1% 5.4% 38.5% 44.6%

2010 36,690 29,695

33.3% 42.0%

^a Language adds up to over 100% due to counting all languages, not just first language.

Religion[edit] From the 2000 census[update], 14,713 or 44.6% are Roman Catholic, while 12,199 or 37.0% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there are 15 individuals (or about 0.05% of the population) who belong to the Christian Catholic Church of Switzerland, there are 589 individuals (or about 1.79% of the population) who belong to the Orthodox Church, and there are 532 individuals (or about 1.61% of the population) who belong to another Christian church. There are 13 individuals (or about 0.04% of the population) who are Jewish, and 917 (or about 2.78% of the population) who are Muslim. There are 424 individuals (or about 1.29% of the population) who belong to another church (not listed on the census), 1,998 (or about 6.06% of the population) belong to no church, are agnostic or atheist, and 1,589 individuals (or about 4.82% of the population) did not answer the question.[18] Education[edit] In Chur
Chur
about 70.3% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either University or a Fachhochschule).[19] Economy[edit] As of  2014[update], there were a total of 32,448 people employed in the municipality. Of these, 108 people worked in 26 businesses in the primary economic sector. A majority (68.5%) of the primary sector employees worked in very small businesses (less than ten employees). The remainder worked in 2 small businesses with a total of 34 employees. The secondary sector employed 3,645 workers in 345 separate businesses. A minority (21.2%) of the secondary sector employees worked in very small businesses. There were 75 small businesses with a total of 1,731 employees and 12 mid sized businesses with a total of 1,141 employees. Finally, the tertiary sector provided 28,695 jobs in 3,375 businesses. In 2014 a total of 16,854 employees worked in 3,306 small companies (less than 50 employees). There were 65 mid-sized businesses with 9,093 employees and 4 large businesses which employed 2,748 people (for an average size of 687).[24] In 2014 a total of 7.7% of the population received social assistance.[12] In 2015 local hotels had a total of 152,629 overnight stays, of which 47.8% were international visitors.[25] There were two movie theaters in the municipality, in 2015, with a total of 4 screens and 736 seats.[26] Crime[edit] In 2014 the crime rate, of the over 200 crimes listed in the Swiss Criminal Code (running from murder, robbery and assault to accepting bribes and election fraud), in Chur
Chur
was 68.6 per thousand residents, only slightly higher than the national average of 64.6 per thousand. During the same period, the rate of drug crimes was 15.7 per thousand residents, which is about one and half times the national rate. The rate of violations of immigration, visa and work permit laws was 2.4 per thousand residents, or about half the national rate.[27] Transportation[edit]

Railway and Post bus station

The Arosabahn waits at Chur
Chur
Stadt halt

Chur
Chur
is 120 kilometres (75 miles) by rail from Zürich, and is the meeting-point of the routes from Italy
Italy
over many alpine passes (Lukmanier Pass, Splugen Pass, and San Bernardino Pass), as well as from the Engadine (Albula Pass, Julier Pass), so that it is the centre of an active trade (particularly in wine from the Valtelline), though it also has a few local factories. The city's main railway station is where the Swiss Federal Railways system link with that of the Rhaetian Railway
Rhaetian Railway
(RhB). While the SBB lines serve most of Switzerland, most of Graubünden's internal rail traffic is served by RhB lines. One of the RhB lines (to Arosa) uses on-street running through streets in the centre of Chur
Chur
and Sand in order to reach the station - see Chur
Chur
Stadtbahn. There are three other railway stations in Chur:

Chur
Chur
Stadt (on the Chur- Arosa
Arosa
line) Chur
Chur
West Chur
Chur
Wiesental

There is also a postbus station situated above the railway station. Chur
Chur
is linked by a motorway—the A13. Culture and tourism[edit] Main sights[edit]

Poststrasse, Old Town

Bündner Kunstmuseum (Grisonian Art Museum).

Church of St. Martin

Kantonsgerichtsgebäude (home of cantonal court)

St. Maria Himmelfahrt (cathedral of the Assumption)

Chur
Chur
is home to many buildings or other sites that are listed as Swiss heritage sites of national significance. There are two archeological sites in Chur, the old city which is a medieval city and Welschdörfli a prehistoric settlement and Roman Vicus. There are four archives or libraries; the bishop's palace (library and archive), the Cantonal Library, the Cantonal Archive of Graubünden
Graubünden
and the city archive of Chur. There are also four museums on the list; the Bündner Kunstmuseum (Art Museum), Bündner Naturmuseum (Natural History Museum), the Dommuseum and the Rätisches Museum in the Haus Buol. Three churches are included in the list; The cathedral of the Assumption, the Catholic Church of St. Luzi and the Reformed church of St. Martin. There are 15 other buildings that are also heritage sites; these include the Alte Kaserne at Zeughaus 3 (the Old Armory), the Confederation Paper Mill, the Main Post Office, the new Town Hall, headquarters of the Rhätische Bahn
Rhätische Bahn
and several old patrician houses.[28] The first church on the cathedral site was built in the first half of the 5th century.[3] The Romanesque crypt was probably built under Bishop Tello (758-73). It contains remarkable paintings by Albrecht Dürer and Hans Holbein.[10] The current building was built between 1154 and 1270. In 1272 it was dedicated to Saint Mary of the Assumption. The round arch window along the center axis is the largest medieval window in Graubünden. The late-Gothic high altar was completed in 1492 by Jakob Russ.[29] The Church of St. Luzi was probably built in the 8th century, though the first record of it appears in 821 when the relics of St. Luzius were removed from the church. It may have been the site of a Carolingian
Carolingian
scribes' school during the early middle ages. In 1149 it became the church of the Premonstratensian
Premonstratensian
monastery.[30][31] The town is home to the Giger Bar
Giger Bar
designed by the Swiss artist H. R. Giger, the Old Town, the art gallery, and the natural history museum. Sport[edit] Chur's ice hockey team, EHC Chur, plays in the Swiss 1. Liga, the third tier of the Swiss ice hockey league system. They play their home games in the 6,500-seat Hallenstadion. The American football team Calanda Broncos
Calanda Broncos
(formally Landquart Broncos) moved to Chur
Chur
in 2009, playing their home games at Ringstrasse Stadium. The Broncos currently play in the Nationalliga A and are the most successful Swiss American football team with the record for most Swiss Bowl wins (8 wins) as well as winning the EFAF Cup in 2010 and the Eurobowl
Eurobowl
in 2012. As of 2017 they finished first in the league, hosting Swiss Bowl XXXII in Ringstrasse Stadium where they defeated the Basel
Basel
Gladiators 42-6 on July 8. List of notable people[edit]

Kurt Huber

Angelika Kauffmann-Self Portrait-1784

Philip Schaff

Georg Jenatsch 1636

George Blaurock
George Blaurock
(c. 1492–1529), Grisonian Catholic pater and leading personality of the Radical Reformation Jakob Buchli (1876–1945), born in Chur, engineer in the field of locomotive design Binia Feltscher-Beeli (born 1978), born in Chur, Olympic medalist (curling) Harry Clarke
Harry Clarke
(1889–1931), buried in Chur, illustrator and stained glass artist H. R. Giger
H. R. Giger
(1940–2014), born in Chur, visual artist, painter and Oscar winner Kurt Huber
Kurt Huber
(1893–1943), born in Chur, a professor at the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, folksong researcher, member of the White Rose, which carried out resistance against Nazi Germany Mario Illien
Mario Illien
(born 1946), born in Chur, engine builder Robert Indermaur
Robert Indermaur
(born 1947), born in Chur, painter and sculptor Rebecca Indermaur, born in Chur, actress Jörg Jenatsch
Jörg Jenatsch
(1596–1639), died in Chur, Grisonian politician during Thirty Years' War Angelica Kauffman
Angelica Kauffman
(1741–1801), born in Chur, Austrian Neoclassical painter who had a successful career in London and Rome Adolfo Kind (1848–1907), born in Chur, a chemical engineer and one of the fathers of skiing in Italy Johannes Fabricius Montanus (1527–1577), died in Chur, German theologian and poet Nino Niederreiter
Nino Niederreiter
(born 1992), Born in Chur, highest drafted Swiss-born hockey player in NHL history Rudolf Olgiati (1910–1995), born in Chur, important local architect Valerio Olgiati
Valerio Olgiati
(born 1958), born in Chur, renowned architect of Grisonian buildings Robert Platow (1900–1982), died in Chur, German journalist, founder and publisher of the Platow Brief, the first and oldest German economics background service Giorgio Rocca
Giorgio Rocca
(born 1975), born in Chur, Italian alpine skier Philip Schaff
Philip Schaff
(1819–1893), born in Chur, Protestant theologian and church historian Nino Schurter
Nino Schurter
(born 1986), lives in Chur, mountain biker and Olympic gold medalist Meinrad Schütter (1910–2006), born in Chur, Swiss composer Soloman Sprecher von Bernegg
Soloman Sprecher von Bernegg
(1697–1758), born in Chur; Habsburg Field Marshal. Seven Years' War. Jeremiah Theus
Jeremiah Theus
(1716–1746), born in Chur, Swiss-American painter Renato Tosio (born 1964), former ice hockey goaltender of EHC Chur Johann Baptista von Tscharner (1815–1879), born and died in Chur, lawyer and politician in Chur Andreas Walser, 1908–1930, born in Chur, painter Peter Zumthor
Peter Zumthor
(born 1943), nationwide renowned, contemporary architect, works in Chur

Notes and references[edit] Notes[edit]

^ Others: Latin: CVRIA, CVRIA RHAETORVM and CVRIA RAETORVM

References[edit]

^ a b Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (in German) accessed 30 August 2017 ^ a b Chur
Chur
in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland. ^ Schibler, J. 2006. The economy and environment of the 4th and 3rd millennia BC in the northern Alpine foreland based on studies of animal bones. Environmental Archaeology 11(1): 49-65 ^ Raetia
Raetia
in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland. ^ The Alps - 4.1 Church and Religious Life in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland. ^ The Franks
Franks
in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland. ^ a b Stadtbrände from Official Website ^ Official Website - Fire. Chur
Chur
becomes a guild city (in German) accessed 29 December 2016 ^ a b c  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Chur". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton.  ^ Ilanz Articles in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland. ^ a b c d Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Regional portraits accessed 27 October 2016 ^ a b "Temperature and Precipitation
Precipitation
Average Values-Table, 1981-2010" (in German, French, and Italian). Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology - MeteoSwiss. Retrieved 19 December 2017. , the weather station elevation is 556 metres (1,824 feet) above sea level. ^ a b c "Stadtrat" (official site) (in German). Chur, Switzerland: Stadt Chur. 2016. Retrieved 2016-12-31.  ^ a b "Gemeinderat" (official site) (in German). Chur, Switzerland: Stadt Chur. Retrieved 2016-12-31.  ^ "Nationalratswahlen (Parteistimmen und Parteistärke seit 1975: Bezirke und Gemeinden)" (in German and French). Neuchâtel, Switzerland: Federal Statistical Office (FSO). 2015. Retrieved 2017-01-01.  ^ "Partnerstädte" (official web site) (in German). Stadt Chur. Retrieved 2015-01-16.  ^ a b c Graubunden Population Statistics Archived 27 August 2009 at the Wayback Machine. (in German) accessed 21 September 2009 ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office Archived 5 January 2016 at the Wayback Machine. accessed 27-Oct-2009 ^ Graubunden in Numbers Archived 24 September 2009 at the Wayback Machine. (in German) accessed 21 September 2009 ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geschlecht, Zivilstand und Geburtsort (in German) accessed 8 September 2016 ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB - Thema 09 - Bau- und Wohnungswesen (in German) accessed 5 May 2016 ^ a b Chur
Chur
in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland. ^ Federal Statistical Office -Arbeitsstätten und Beschäftigte nach Gemeinde, Wirtschaftssektor und Grössenklasse accessed 31 October 2016 ^ Federal Statistical Office - Hotellerie: Ankünfte und Logiernächte der geöffneten Betriebe accessed 31 October 2016 ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Kinoinfrastruktur nach Gemeinde und Kinotyp Archived 26 September 2016 at the Wayback Machine. (in German) accessed 9 August 2016 ^ Statistical Atlas of Switzerland
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accessed 5 April 2016 ^ Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance Archived 1 May 2009 at the Wayback Machine. 21.11.2008 version, (in German) accessed 6 February 2017 ^ Official website-The Cathedral (in German) accessed 27 December 2016 ^ St. Luzi in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland. ^ Official website-St. Luzi (in German) accessed 27 December 2016

Literature[edit]

Chur
Chur
(municipality) in Romansh, German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland, 2015-11-18.  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Coire". Encyclopædia Britannica. 6 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 654.  A. Eichhorn, Episcopatus Curiensis (St Blasien, 1797) W. von Juvalt, Forschungen fiber die Feudalzeit im Curischen Raetien, 2 parts (Zürich, 1871) C. Kind, Die Reformation in den Bistumern Chur
Chur
und Como (Coire, 1858) Conradin von Moor, Geschichte von Curraetien (2 vols., Coire, 1870–1874) P. C. you Planta, Des alte Raetien (Berlin, 1872); Idem, Die Curraetischen Herrschaften in der Feudalzeit (Bern, 188i); Idem, Verfassungsgeschichte der Stadt Cur im Mittelalter (Coire, 1879); Idem, Geschichte von Graubünden
Graubünden
(Bern, 1892).  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Chur". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton.  Principality of Liechtenstein homepage on religion

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Chur.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Chur.

City of Chur
Chur
– official website (in German) Chur
Chur
tourism office Chur
Chur
on Graubünden
Graubünden
Holidays, Switzerland; official Graubünden tourism office - English

v t e

Municipalities in the Plessur Region, Switzerland

Arosa Chur Churwalden Haldenstein Maladers Tschiertschen-Praden

Canton of Graubünden Regions of Canton Graubünden Municipalities of the canton of Graubünden

v t e

Capitals of Swiss cantons

   

Aarau, Aargau Herisau, Appenzell Ausserrhoden Appenzell, Appenzell Innerrhoden Basel, Basel-Stadt

Liestal, Basel-Landschaft Bern, Bern Fribourg, Fribourg Geneva, Geneva

Glarus, Glarus Chur, Graubünden Delémont, Jura Lucerne, Lucerne

Neuchâtel, Neuchâtel Stans, Nidwalden Sarnen, Obwalden Schaffhausen, Schaffhausen

Schwyz, Schwyz Solothurn, Solothurn St. Gallen, St. Gallen Frauenfeld, Thurgau

Bellinzona, Ticino Altdorf, Uri Sion, Valais Lausanne, Vaud

Zug, Zug Zürich, Zürich

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 154757544 LCCN: n79064879 GND: 4010189-7 SUDOC: 027428575 BNF: cb12369126b (dat

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