Chromosome 1 is the designation for the largest human chromosome. Humans have two copies of chromosome 1, as they do with all of the autosomes, which are the non-sex chromosomes. Chromosome 1 spans about 249 million nucleotide base pairs, which are the basic units of information for DNA. It represents about 8% of the total DNA in human cells.
It was the last completed chromosome, sequenced two decades after the beginning of the Human Genome Project.
|1||p||35.3||1521||1651||27,600,001||29,900,000Complete monosomy (only having one copy of the entire chromosome) is invariably lethal before birth. Complete trisomy (having three copies of the entire chromosome) is lethal within days after conception. Some partial deletions and partial duplications produce birth defects.
The following diseases are some of those related to genes on chromosome 1 (which contains the most known genetic diseases of any human chromosome):