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The Info List - Chitral District





Chitral
Chitral
(Urdu: ضلع چترال‎) is the largest district in the Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa
Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa
province of Pakistan, covering an area of 14,850 km². It is the northernmost district of Pakistan.[2] It shares a border with Gilgit-Baltistan
Gilgit-Baltistan
to the east, with Kunar, Badakshan
Badakshan
and Nuristan
Nuristan
provinces of Afghanistan
Afghanistan
to the north and west, and with the Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa
Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa
districts of Swat and Dir to the south.[3] A narrow strip of Wakhan Corridor
Wakhan Corridor
separates Chitral
Chitral
from Tajikistan in the north.[4]

Shandur, chitral

Contents

1 History 2 Topography and access 3 Demographics

3.1 Languages

4 Chitral
Chitral
Town 5 Administration

5.1 National Assembly 5.2 Provincial Assembly

6 See also 7 References 8 External links

History

Tirich Mir
Tirich Mir
mount chitral

Further information: Chitral
Chitral
(princely state) Chitral
Chitral
shares much of its history and culture with the neighboring Hindu-Kush
Hindu-Kush
territories of Gilgit-Baltistan, a region sometimes called "Peristan" because of the common belief in fairies (peri) inhabiting the high mountains. The entire region that now forms the Chitral
Chitral
District was an independent monarchical state until 1895, when the British negotiated a treaty with its hereditary ruler, the Mehtar, under which Chitral became a semi-autonomous princely state within the Indian Empire. Chitral
Chitral
retained this status even after its accession to Pakistan
Pakistan
in 1947, only being made an administrative district of Pakistan
Pakistan
in 1969.[5] Topography and access Chitral
Chitral
is counted amongst the highest regions of the world, sweeping from 1,094 meters at Arandu to 7,726 meters at Tirichmir, and packing over 40 peaks more than 6,100 meters in height. The terrain of Chitral is very mountainous and Tirich Mir
Tirich Mir
(25,289 feet) the highest peak of the Hindu Kush, rises in the north of the district.[6] Around 4.8 per cent of the land is covered by forest and 76 per cent is mountains and glaciers.[7]

Chitral
Chitral
Ayun

Chitral
Chitral
is connected to the rest of Pakistan
Pakistan
by two major road routes, the Lowari Pass
Lowari Pass
(el. 10,230 ft.) from Dir and Shandur Top (elevation 12,200 ft.) from Gilgit. Both routes are closed in winter. The Lowari Tunnel
Lowari Tunnel
is being constructed under the Lowari Pass.[8] A number of other high passes, including Darkot Pass, Thoi Pass and Zagaran Pass, provide access on foot to Chitral
Chitral
from Gilgit-Baltistan
Gilgit-Baltistan
in Ghizer District.

Arandu Pass, on the border between Pakistan
Pakistan
and Afghanistan Broghol
Broghol
Pass, on the border between Pakistan
Pakistan
and Afghanistan Dorah Pass, on the border between Pakistan
Pakistan
and Afghanistan Darkot Pass, on the border between Chitral
Chitral
and Ghizer Shandur Pass, on the border between Chitral
Chitral
and Gilgit-Baltistan Lowari Pass, on the border between Chitral
Chitral
and upper Dir Lowari Tunnel, uncompleted[8] Thoi Pass, on the border between Chitral
Chitral
and Gilgit-Baltistan Zagaran Pass, on the border between Chitral
Chitral
and Gilgit-Baltistan

Demographics The district has a population of about 414,000.[2] The general population is mainly of the Kho people, who speak the Khowar, which is also spoken in parts of Yasin, Gilgit, Dir and Swat. Chitral
Chitral
is also home to the Kalash tribe, who live in Bumburet
Bumburet
and two other remote valleys southwest of Chitral
Chitral
town. Languages

Laspur Valley Chitral

Most of the minority languages are Dardic, including Shina, Kashmiri, Kalasha, Gawar Bati, Dameli, Pashayi, Shina, Kohistani, and Palula.[citation needed] Iranian languages
Iranian languages
and Pamir languages spoken by immigrant groups in Chitral
Chitral
include Pushto, Munji, Yidgha, Tajik and Wakhi.[citation needed] The Turkic languages
Turkic languages
Kyrgyz and Uzbek are also spoken in minority.[citation needed] Although the predominant language of Chitral
Chitral
is Khowar, more than ten other languages are spoken here. These include Kalasha-mun, Palula, Dameli, Gawar-Bati, Nuristani, Yidgha, Burushaski, Gujar, Wakhi, Uzbeki, Kyrgyz, Dari and Pashto. Since many of these languages have no written form, letters are usually written in Urdu
Urdu
or Pashto.[citation needed] Chitral
Chitral
Town The town of Chitral
Chitral
is the main town in the district and serves as its capital. It is situated on the west bank of the Chitral
Chitral
River (also known as the Kunar River) at the foot of Tirich Mir
Tirich Mir
which at 7,708 m (25,289 ft) is the highest peak of the Hindu Kush. Until 1969, it served as the capital of the princely state of Chitral. Administration The district of Chitral
Chitral
is divided into twenty-four union councils and two tehsils:[9][10][11]

Chitral Mastuj

National Assembly This district is represented by one elected MNA (Member of National Assembly) in Pakistan
Pakistan
National Assembly. Its constituency is NA-32.[12]

Member of National Assembly Party Affiliation Year

Abdul Akbar Khan Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal 2002

Shahzada Mohiuddin Pakistan
Pakistan
Muslim League 2008

Shahzada Iftikhar Uddin All Pakistan
Pakistan
Muslim League 2013

Provincial Assembly The district is represented by two elected MPAs in the provincial assembly who represent the following constituencies:

PK-89 (Chitral-I) PK-90 (Chitral-II)

See also

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
portal Pakistan
Pakistan
portal

Chitral
Chitral
National Park Broghil Valley National Park

Upper Dir District Lower Dir District Swat District

Kunar Province Badakhshan
Badakhshan
Province Nuristan
Nuristan
Province

References

^ "DISTRICT WISE CENSUS RESULTS CENSUS 2017" (PDF). www.pbscensus.gov.pk.  ^ a b "District Government Chitral". Chitral
Chitral
District Government Web Portl. Archived from the original on 28 September 2015.  ^ Cutherell, Danny. "Governance and Militancy in Pakistan's Chitral district" (PDF). Center for Strategic and International Studies.  ^ Nusser, Marcus; Dickoré, Wolf Bernhard (2002). "A Tangle in the Triangle: Vegetation Map of the Eastern Hindukush (Chitral, Northern Pakistan)" (PDF). Erdkunde. 56 (1): 37–59. JSTOR 23218603.  ^ Marsden, Magnus (2010). "A tour not so grand: mobile Muslims in northern Pakistan". In Osella; Filippo; Soares; Benjamin. Islam, Politics, Anthropology. Chichester, England: Royal Anthropological Institute by Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 57–75, page 58. ISBN 978-1-4443-3295-7.  ^ "Disaster Vulnerability Assessment Report, District Chitral, KPK, Pakistan" (PDF).  ^ "Chitral, Pakistan
Pakistan
Flash flood risk assessment, capacity building, and awareness raising" (PDF).  ^ a b Butt, Qaiser (13 October 2013). "Dwindling funds: No light at the end of Lowari Tunnel?". The Express Tribune. Archived from the original on 1 June 2015.  ^ Chitral
Chitral
National Reconstruction Bureau website Archived 28 April 2012 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Pakistan: North West Frontier Province: District, Tehsil
Tehsil
and Union Code Reference Map (MA518-pak-NWFP UCs A3-v01)" (PDF). Pakistan: United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). 1 July 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 November 2013.  ^ "List of Tehsils/Talukas with Respect to Their Districts". Statistics Division, Ministry of Economic Affairs and Statistics, Government of Pakistan. Archived from the original on 5 March 2010.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 10 November 2015. Retrieved 6 November 2015. 

v t e

Pakistan
Pakistan
topics

Basic topics Alphabetical index of topics

History

Ancient

Stone age Soanian Mehrgarh Indus Valley Indo-Iranics Indo-Aryan Achaemenid Greco-Bactrian Maurya Gandhara Indo-Greek Indo-Scythians Indo-Parthian Kushan Indo-Sassanid

Medieval

Indo-Hephthalite Kamboja Rai Dynasty Shahi Pala Solanki Muhammad bin Qasim Ghaznavid Ghurid Mamluk Khalji Tughlaq Sayyid Lodi Timurid

Modern

Pre-colonial

Mughal East India Company Durrani Sikh Confederacy Sikh Empire First Anglo-Afghan War First Anglo-Sikh War Second Anglo-Sikh War Rebellion

Colonial

British Raj Second Anglo-Afghan War Durand Line Third Anglo-Afghan War Aligarh Movement Hindi– Urdu
Urdu
controversy Pakistan
Pakistan
Movement

Muslim League Two nation theory Jinnah's 14 Points Lahore Resolution Direct Action Day

Partition Independence

Dominion

Dominion of Pakistan Princely states 1947 War Liaquat–Nehru Pact Baghdad Pact

Republic

Indus Treaty 1965 War 1971 War Project-706 Islamisation Baloch insurgency Kargil War Liberalization War in North-West Pakistan

Geography

Features

Beaches Deserts Glaciers Islands Lakes Mountains Passes Rivers Valleys Waterfalls Wetlands

Areas

Arabian Sea Gwadar Bay Indus Plain Pothohar Plateau Salt Range Sistan Basin

Geology

Coal fields Gas fields Minerals Oil fields Tectonics Volcanoes Floods

Environment

Botanical gardens Ecoregions Environmental issues Forests Protected areas

national parks game reserves sanctuaries

Wildlife

flora fauna

Zoos

Other topics

Archaeological sites Climate

weather records

Borders Natural disasters

earthquakes floods

Subdivisions

provinces districts cities

World Heritage Sites

Governance

State

President National Security Council (C2NS ECC AEDB NCA)

Government

National government

Cabinet Ministries Prime Minister

Provincial governments

Governors Chief Ministers

Local government

Union councils

Legislative

Parliament (Majlis-e-Shoora)

Senate (upper house)

Chairman

National Assembly (lower house)

Speaker

Provincial assemblies Jirga
Jirga
(tribal assembly)

Judicial

Supreme Council Supreme Court

Chief Justice

Shariat Court High Courts District Courts

Politics

Elections Foreign relations Feudalism Intelligence community Political parties Martial law

Law

Constitution

LFO PPC WPB PCO

Human rights

Forced disappearance LGBT

LGBT history Law enforcement

Police Criminal Investigation (CID) Anti-Narcotics (ANF) Capital punishment

Terrorism

State terrorism

Military

History Army Air force Navy Marines Coast Guard Paramilitary Nuclear

Economy

Infrastructure

Electricity

Thermal Hydro nuclear solar wind

Foreign aid Fuel extraction Housing Planning Commission Post Poverty Tallest buildings Telecommunications

Pakistan
Pakistan
Remote Sensing Satellite

Transportation

bridges

Water management

Water supply and sanitation

Industry

Aerospace Agriculture Defence Automobile Fishery Forestry Husbandry Labour

child

Media Mining Pharmaceuticals Textiles

Silk

Tourism

Commerce

Banking

banks

Companies Investment board Rupee (currency) Securities and Exchange Commission Stock markets Trading Corporation

Policy programmes

Corporatisation Directive investment Industrialisation Military economisation Nationalisation Privatisation Public-private partnering Redundant Islamic economisation

Society and culture

Society

Crime Culture Education

institutions

Feudalism Gender discrimination Healthcare

hospitals

Human rights

LGBT

Marriage Media Naming Pakistanis
Pakistanis
(list) Prostitution Religion Time Urbanisation Women

Demographics

Diaspora Ethnicity Immigration Languages

Urdu

Arts

Architecture Cinema

films

Dance Festivals Folklore Literature

Mushaira

Music Philosophy Textiles Theatre

Lifestyle

Clothing

Shalwar kameez Mehndi

Cuisine Etiquette Gun culture Nationalism

flags public holidays songs symbols

Sports

Athletics Baseball Boxing Cricket Cycling Field hockey Football Gilli-danda Golf Kabaddi Motorsport Marathon (Lahore) Olympics Paralympics Polo Rugby Squash Swimming Tennis

Places

Botanical gardens Cemeteries Churches Forts Gurdwaras Hindu temples Libraries Mausolea and shrines Mosques Museums Parks Stadiums World Heritage Sites Zoos

Category Portal Commons

v t e

Districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

Provincial capital: Peshawar

Divisions

Districts

Bannu

Bannu Lakki Marwat

Dera Ismail Khan

Dera Ismail Khan Tank

Hazara

Abbottabad Battagram Haripur Kolai Pallas Lower Kohistan Mansehra Torghar Upper Kohistan

Kohat

Hangu Karak Kohat

Malakand

Buner Chitral Lower Dir Malakand Shangla Swat Upper Dir

Mardan

Mardan Swabi

Peshawar

Charsadda Nowshera Peshawar

v t e

Administrative divisions of Chitral
Chitral
District

Capital

Chitral

Tehsils

Kashkar Tehsil Mastuj
Mastuj
Tehsil Chitral
Chitral
Tehsil

Union councils

Arandu Ashret Ayun Broze Buni Danin Drosh Garam Chashma Karimabad Mirkhani Kosht Kuh Laspur Lotkoh Mastuj Mulkhow Owir Shagram Shishikoh Shoghore Terich Warijun Yarkhun

Coordinates: 36°15′N 72°15′E / 36.250°N 72.250°E / 36.250; 72.250 External links

Municipal Website

Places adjacent to Chitral
Chitral
District

Zebak Afghanistan Wakhan
Wakhan
 Afghanistan China China

Kuran wa Munjan Afghanistan

Chitral
Chitral
 Pakistan

Gilgit  Pakistan

Kunar  Afghanistan Dir  Pakistan Kohistan &#

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