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Chitral
Chitral
(Pashto/Urdu: چترال‬‎; Khowar: چھترار‬‎, Khowar for "field") is the capital of the Chitral
Chitral
District, situated on the Chitral
Chitral
River in northern Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Chitral also served as the capital of the princely state of Chitral
Chitral
until 1969.

Contents

1 History 2 Geography

2.1 Climate

3 Demographics 4 Administration 5 See also 6 References 7 Bibliography 8 External links

History[edit] Nothing definitive is recorded about the town's first settlers. In the 3rd century CE, Kanishka, the Buddhist ruler of the Kushan empire, occupied Chitral. In the 4th century, the Chinese overran the valley. Raees rule over Chitral
Chitral
began in 1320 and came to an end in the 15th century. From 1571 onwards Chitral
Chitral
was the dominion of the Kator Dynasty until 1969.[5] The entire region that now forms the Chitral District
Chitral District
was a fully independent monarchy until 1895, when the British negotiated a subsidiary alliance with its hereditary ruler, the Mehtar, under which Chitral
Chitral
became a princely state, still sovereign but subject to the suzerainty of the British Raj. Chitral
Chitral
retained a similar status even after its accession to Pakistan
Pakistan
in 1969, but was completely incorporated into Pakistan
Pakistan
and became an administrative district of Pakistan
Pakistan
in 1969.[6] Geography[edit] The city has an average elevation of 1,500 m (4,921 ft). Climate[edit] Chitral
Chitral
has a Mediterranean climate
Mediterranean climate
(Köppen Csa), with warm summers and cold winters.

Climate data for Chitral

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 8.3 (46.9) 9.5 (49.1) 14.9 (58.8) 21.0 (69.8) 25.6 (78.1) 31.8 (89.2) 32.8 (91) 32.0 (89.6) 28.7 (83.7) 23.7 (74.7) 17.4 (63.3) 10.9 (51.6) 21.38 (70.48)

Daily mean °C (°F) 4.1 (39.4) 5.0 (41) 9.8 (49.6) 15.3 (59.5) 19.4 (66.9) 24.9 (76.8) 26.1 (79) 25.4 (77.7) 21.9 (71.4) 17.0 (62.6) 11.5 (52.7) 6.5 (43.7) 15.58 (60.03)

Average low °C (°F) 0.0 (32) 0.6 (33.1) 4.8 (40.6) 9.7 (49.5) 13.3 (55.9) 18.0 (64.4) 19.5 (67.1) 18.8 (65.8) 15.2 (59.4) 10.3 (50.5) 5.6 (42.1) 2.1 (35.8) 11.4 (52.5)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 69 (2.72) 99 (3.9) 146 (5.75) 139 (5.47) 69 (2.72) 22 (0.87) 52 (2.05) 56 (2.2) 40 (1.57) 31 (1.22) 26 (1.02) 51 (2.01) 800 (31.5)

Source: Climate-Data.org[7]

Demographics[edit] According to 1981 census, Khowar is main language and spoken by 98% of population while Pashto
Pashto
is spoken by small population. [8] Administration[edit] Chitral
Chitral
is represented in the National Assembly[9] and Provincial Assembly by one elected MNA and one elected MPA.[10] https://www.chitraltoday.net/chitral-to-lose-one-of-its-two-provincial-assembly-seats/ See also[edit]

Chitral
Chitral
Tehsil Arandu Drosh Badakhshan Province

References[edit]

^ "Personal Profile". na.gov.pk. National Assembly of Pakistan. Retrieved 29 May 2017.  ^ "Geography of Chitral". Chitralnews.com. Retrieved 2015-11-06.  ^ "INDO-IRANIAN FRONTIER LANGUAGES". Encyclopaedia Iranica. 15 November 2006. Retrieved 2015-11-06.  ^ "Post Codes". Pakistan
Pakistan
Post Office. Retrieved 17 March 2015.  ^ "Chitral, a Study in Statecraft" (PDF). IUCN. Retrieved 2015-11-06.  ^ Osella, Filippo; Soares, Benjamin (2010). Islam, Politics, Anthropology. John Wiley & Sons. p. 58. ISBN 978-1-4443-2441-9.  ^ "Climate: Chitral". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 18 November 2017.  ^ "Population Demography". Kpktribune.com. Retrieved 18 November 2017.  ^ [1] Archived 17 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine. ^ [2] Archived 17 June 2009 at the Wayback Machine.

Bibliography[edit]

Decker, D. Kendall (1992). Languages of Chitral. ISBN 4871875202.  Durand, Col. A. (1899). The Making of a frontier.  Leitner, G. W. (1893). Dardistan in 1866, 1886 and 1893: Being An Account of the History, Religions, Customs, Legends, Fables and Songs of Gilgit, Chilas, Kandia (Gabrial) Yasin, Chitral, Hunza, Nagyr and other parts of the Hindukush, as also a supplement to the second edition of The Hunza and Nagyr Handbook. And An Epitome of Part III of the author's The Languages and Races of Dardistan (First reprint ed.). New Delhi: Manjusri Publishing House. ISBN 4871877787. 

External links[edit]

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Chitral.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Chitral.

Official website Government of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa Government website section on Lower Dir United Nations

v t e

Administrative divisions of Chitral
Chitral
District

Capital

Chitral

Tehsils

Kashkar Tehsil Mastuj
Mastuj
Tehsil Chitral
Chitral
Tehsil

Union councils

Arandu Ashret Ayun Broze Buni Danin Drosh Garam Chashma Karimabad Mirkhani Kosht Kuh Laspur Lotkoh Mastuj Mulkhow Owir Shagram Shishikoh Shoghore Terich Warijun Yarkhun

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 123358103 GN

.