Chinese people are the various individuals or groups of people
associated with China, usually through ancestry, ethnicity,
nationality, citizenship or other affiliation. Han people, the largest
ethnic group in China, at about 92% of the population, are often
referred to as "Chinese" or "ethnic Chinese" in English, however
there are dozens of other related and unrelated ethnic groups in
2 Nationality, citizenship and residence
3 Overseas Chinese
4 See also
6 External links
Further information: Ethnic minorities in China, List of ethnic groups
China and Taiwan, and Unrecognized ethnic groups in China
Woman wearing yellow and green hanfu, a traditional dress of Han
Tibetans in Qinghai
Hui people in Xinjiang
A number of ethnic groups within China, as well as people elsewhere
with ancestry in the region, may be referred to as Chinese people.
Han people, the largest ethnic group in China, are often referred to
as "Chinese" or "ethnic Chinese" in English. The Han also form a
majority or notable minority in other countries, and may comprise as
much as 19% of the global human population.
Other ethnic groups in
China include the related
Hui people or
"Chinese Muslims", the Zhuang, Manchu, Uyghurs and Miao, who make up
the five largest ethnic minorities in mainland
China with populations
exceeding 10 million. In addition, the Yi, Tujia,
Tibetans and Mongols
each number populations between six and nine million.
The People's Republic of
China (PRC) officially recognizes 56 distinct
ethnic groups, many of whom live in the special administrative regions
of the country. However, there exists several smaller ethnicities who
are "unrecognized" or subsumed as part another ethnic group. The
China (ROC) officially recognizes 14 tribes of Taiwanese
aborigines, who together with unrecognized tribes comprise about 2% of
the country's population.
Qing dynasty the term "Chinese people" (Chinese:
中國之人 Zhōngguó zhī rén; Manchu: Dulimbai gurun i niyalma)
was used by the Qing government to refer to all subjects of the
empire, including Han, Manchu, and Mongols.
Zhonghua minzu (simplified Chinese: 中华民族; traditional Chinese:
中華民族; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínzú), the "Chinese nation", is a
supra-ethnic concept which includes all 56 ethnic groups living in
China that are officially recognized by the government of the People's
Republic of China. It includes established ethnic groups who have
lived within the borders of
China since at least the Qing Dynasty
(1644–1911). The term zhonghua minzu was used during the Republic
China from 1911–1949 to refer to a subset of five ethnic groups
in China. The term zhongguo renmin (Chinese: 中国人民),
"Chinese people", was the government's preferred term during the life
of Mao Zedong; zhonghua minzu is more common in recent decades.
Nationality, citizenship and residence
Nationality law of the People's Republic of
nationality within the PRC. A person obtains nationality either by
birth when at least one parent is of Chinese nationality or by
naturalization. All people holding nationality of the People's
China are citizens of the Republic. The Resident
Identity Card is the official form of identification for residents of
the People's Republic of China.
Within the People's Republic of China, a Hong Kong Special
Administrative Region passport or Macao
Special Administrative Region
passport may be issued to permanent residents of Hong Kong or Macao,
Nationality law of the Republic of
China regulates nationality
within the Republic of
China (Taiwan). A person obtains nationality
either by birth or by naturalization. A person with at least one
parent who is a national of the Republic of China, or born in the ROC
to stateless parents qualifies for nationality by birth.
The National Identification Card is an identity document issued to
people who have household registration in Taiwan. The Resident
Certificate is an identification card issued to residents of the
China who do not hold a National Identification Card.
The relationship between Taiwanese nationality and Chinese nationality
Overseas Chinese refers to people of Chinese ethnicity or national
heritage who live outside the People's Republic of
the result of the continuing diaspora. People with one or more
Chinese ancestors may consider themselves overseas Chinese. Such
people vary widely in terms of cultural assimilation. In some areas
throughout the world ethnic enclaves known as Chinatowns are home to
populations of Chinese ancestry.
In Southeast Asia,
Chinese people call themselves 華人 (Huárén),
which is distinguished from (中國人) (Zhōngguórén) or the
citizens of the People's Republic of
China or the Republic of
China. This is especially so in the Chinese communities of
For countries with significant populations
For countries with noteworthy populations
Chinese New Zealander
Other countries with Chinese populations
Chinese Trinidadian and Tobagonian
Related topics of interest
Ethnic minorities in China
Unrecognized ethnic groups in China
Chinese Americans in New York City
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