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Chilpancingo
Chilpancingo
de los Bravo (commonly shortened to Chilpancingo; Spanish pronunciation: [tʃilpanˈsiŋɡo] ( listen)) is the capital and second-largest city of the state of Guerrero, Mexico. In 2010 it had a population of 187,251 people. The municipality has an area of 2,338.4 km2 (902.9 sq mi) in the south-central part of the state, situated in the Sierra Madre del Sur, on the bank of the Huacapa River.[1] The city is on Mexican Federal Highway 95 which connects Acapulco
Acapulco
to Mexico
Mexico
City. It is served by Chilpancingo National Airport, which is one of the five airports in the state.

Contents

1 History 2 Geography

2.1 Climate

3 Economy 4 Archaeology 5 Twin towns – sister cities 6 References 7 External links

History[edit] In pre-Columbian times, the area was occupied by the Olmecs, who built an extensive tunnel network through the mountains, and left the cave paintings in the caverns of Juxtlahuaca.[1] The city of Chilpancingo was founded on November 1, 1591 by the Spanish conquistadores, its name meaning (“Place of Wasps”).[1] During the War of Independence, Chilpancingo
Chilpancingo
was crucial to the insurgent cause as its population participated actively and decisively in their favor, and became a strategic point for military action in the south. Chilpancingo
Chilpancingo
was very important to Mexican history because it was here where the National Congress met under José María Morelos y Pavón in 1813 during the Mexican War of Independence.[2] General Nicolás Catalán, husband of the independence war heroine Antonia Nava de Catalán, was made commander of the state of Guerrero on 24 January 1828. The family settled in Chilpancingo, where both Nicolás and Antonia later died.[3] In 1853, Chilpancingo
Chilpancingo
was declared the provisional capital of the state, due to an epidemic that struck the then capital of Tixtla, and regional ecclesiastical organizational changes were made at the same time.[4] In 1870 it was again declared capital by Governor Francisco O. Arce, due to the opposition led by General Jimenez, who was in possession of the official seat of government at Tixtla. It was not until 1871, when the state legislature agreed to a change of venue, that the capital was moved again from Chilpancingo.[5]

During the Mexican Revolution, Chilpancingo
Chilpancingo
was deeply troubled, and had political and administrative importance as a strategic place for the sides in the debate. Battles took place in the vicinity in the 1910s, in which Emiliano Zapata
Emiliano Zapata
defeated federal forces of Porfirio Diaz, Francisco I. Madero, Victoriano Huerta
Victoriano Huerta
and Venustiano Carranza. A major defeat of Huerta's southern forces took place here in March April 1914;[6] the Zapatistas took the town until after the Constitutional Convention. In 1960, the city entered a severe social crisis with the start of a student popular movement at the Autonomous University of Guerrero, protests which led to a general strike at the institution and later swarmed to various forces and social sectors of the city and the state.[7] The main objective was to diminish the power of the state government and seek autonomy for the college. On April 27, 2009 an earthquake with a magnitude of 5.6 was centered near Chilpancingo.[8] Geography[edit] Climate[edit]

Climate data for Chilpancingo
Chilpancingo
(1951–2010)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 35.0 (95) 35.0 (95) 37.0 (98.6) 38.2 (100.8) 39.0 (102.2) 37.5 (99.5) 37.0 (98.6) 35.5 (95.9) 34.0 (93.2) 34.0 (93.2) 34.0 (93.2) 32.5 (90.5) 39.0 (102.2)

Average high °C (°F) 27.9 (82.2) 28.6 (83.5) 30.2 (86.4) 31.2 (88.2) 31.3 (88.3) 28.9 (84) 27.9 (82.2) 28.3 (82.9) 27.6 (81.7) 28.1 (82.6) 28.3 (82.9) 27.7 (81.9) 28.8 (83.8)

Daily mean °C (°F) 19.5 (67.1) 20.2 (68.4) 21.5 (70.7) 23.1 (73.6) 24.0 (75.2) 23.2 (73.8) 22.5 (72.5) 22.7 (72.9) 22.3 (72.1) 22.1 (71.8) 21.2 (70.2) 19.8 (67.6) 21.8 (71.2)

Average low °C (°F) 11.1 (52) 11.8 (53.2) 12.9 (55.2) 14.9 (58.8) 16.6 (61.9) 17.5 (63.5) 17.0 (62.6) 17.0 (62.6) 16.9 (62.4) 16.0 (60.8) 14.0 (57.2) 11.9 (53.4) 14.8 (58.6)

Record low °C (°F) 2.0 (35.6) 2.0 (35.6) 1.5 (34.7) 9.0 (48.2) 8.5 (47.3) 10.5 (50.9) 11.0 (51.8) 12.0 (53.6) 10.0 (50) 9.0 (48.2) 5.5 (41.9) 4.0 (39.2) 1.5 (34.7)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 17.8 (0.701) 3.1 (0.122) 2.8 (0.11) 17.2 (0.677) 63.1 (2.484) 162.4 (6.394) 191.1 (7.524) 152.7 (6.012) 165.8 (6.528) 78.1 (3.075) 16.9 (0.665) 2.8 (0.11) 873.8 (34.402)

Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 1.4 0.9 0.6 1.9 6.6 16.1 21.1 19.1 18.2 9.1 2.0 0.8 97.8

Average relative humidity (%) 75 73 70 69 73 82 84 84 87 82 78 76 77

Mean monthly sunshine hours 213.9 211.9 232.5 195.0 176.7 147.0 164.3 170.5 135.0 179.8 198.0 201.5 2,226.1

Source #1: Servicio Meteorológico Nacional[9][10]

Source #2: Deutscher Wetterdienst
Deutscher Wetterdienst
(sun and humidity 1941–1970)[11]

Economy[edit] In 1869, the Autonomous University of Guerrero
Guerrero
was established in Chilpancingo; it still plays a considerable role in the local economy. The city is a producer of processed foods and alcoholic beverages, and is a market for maize, sugarcane, bananas, livestock, and lumber produced in the region.[1] Archaeology[edit] "Pezuapan" is an archaeological site located in Chilpancingo
Chilpancingo
city.[12] It sits on the eastern slope of the Chilpancingo
Chilpancingo
valley. The archaeological vestiges found at the site cover the total area of 4000 m2. The dates are from 650 AD to 1150 AD. Other archaeological sites found in this area of Guerrero
Guerrero
are,

Teopantecuanitlan Oxtotitlán Tehuacalco Organera-Xochipala Cuetlajuchitlán

Twin towns – sister cities[edit]

Pleasant Hill, California, California Cavite City, Philippines

References[edit]

^ a b c d "Chilpancingo". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 18 September 2014.  ^ Mills, Kenneth R.; Taylor, William B.; Graham, Sandra Lauderdale (1 January 2002). Colonial Latin America: A Documentary History. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 397. ISBN 978-0-8420-2997-1.  ^ Acuña Cepeda, Mirtea Elizabeth (19 November 2017), "Antonia Nava de Catalán, la Generala", Ecos de la Costa (in Spanish), retrieved 2017-11-28  ^ Transactions of the American Philosophical Society. American Philosophical Society. 1966. p. 7. ISSN 0065-9746.  ^ " Chilpancingo
Chilpancingo
de los Bravo" (in Spanish). Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México. Retrieved 18 September 2014.  ^ O'Kane, Rosemary H. T. (2000). Revolution: Critical Concepts in Political Science. Taylor & Francis. p. 127. ISBN 978-0-415-20135-3.  ^ Selee, Andrew D. (2011). Decentralization, Democratization, and Informal Power in Mexico. Penn State Press. p. 83. ISBN 0-271-04843-3.  ^ " Mexico
Mexico
Earthquake: Felt In Mexico
Mexico
City, Centered Near Chilpancingo". Huffington Post. 28 May 2009. Retrieved 18 September 2014.  ^ "Estado de Guerrero–Estacion: Chilpancingo
Chilpancingo
(DGE)". NORMALES CLIMATOLÓGICAS 1951–2010 (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Retrieved January 30, 2016.  ^ "Extreme Temperatures and Precipitation
Precipitation
for Chilpancingo
Chilpancingo
(DGE) 1953-1991" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Retrieved January 30, 2016.  ^ "Klimatafel von Chilpancingo
Chilpancingo
Los Bravos, Guerrero
Guerrero
/ Mexiko" (PDF). Baseline climate means (1961-1990) from stations all over the world (in German). Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved January 30, 2016.  ^ Reyna Beatríz SOLÍS CIRIACO, Hervé Victor MONTERROSA DESRUELLES, Malacological Material from Pezuapan's Archaeological site, Chilpancingo, Guerrero, Mexico. 2010

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Chilpancingo
Chilpancingo
de los Bravo.

Mexico
Mexico
portal

Ayuntamiento de Chilpancingo
Chilpancingo
de los Bravo Official website

v t e

Mexican state capitals

Aguascalientes
Aguascalientes
(Aguascalientes) Mexicali
Mexicali
(Baja California) La Paz ( Baja California
Baja California
Sur) Campeche
Campeche
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Saltillo
(Coahuila) Colima
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City Durango
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(Durango) Guanajuato
Guanajuato
(Guanajuato) Chilpancingo
Chilpancingo
(Guerrero) Pachuca
Pachuca
(Hidalgo) Guadalajara
Guadalajara
(Jalisco) Toluca
Toluca
(State of Mexico) Morelia
Morelia
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Ciudad Victoria
(Tamaulipas) Tlaxcala
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(Tlaxcala) Xalapa
Xalapa
(Veracruz) Mérida (Yucatán) Zacatecas
Zacatecas
(Zacatecas)

v t e

State of Guerrero

Chilpancingo
Chilpancingo
(capital)

Municipalities/ (seats)

Acapulco
Acapulco
de Juárez (Acapulco) Acatepec
Acatepec
(Acatepec) Ajuchitlán
Ajuchitlán
del Progreso (Ajuchitlán) Ahuacuotzingo
Ahuacuotzingo
(Ahuacuotzingo) Alcozauca de Guerrero
Guerrero
(Alcozauca de Guerrero) Alpoyeca
Alpoyeca
(Alpoyeca) Apaxtla
Apaxtla
( Apaxtla
Apaxtla
de Castrejón) Arcelia
Arcelia
(Arcelia) Atenango del Río
Atenango del Río
(Atenango del Río) Atlamajalcingo del Monte
Atlamajalcingo del Monte
(Atlamajalcingo del Monte) Atlixtac
Atlixtac
(Atlixtac) Atoyac de Álvarez
Atoyac de Álvarez
(Atoyac de Álvarez) Ayutla de los Libres
Ayutla de los Libres
(Ayutla de los Libres) Azoyú
Azoyú
(Azoyú) Benito Juárez (San Jerónimo de Juárez) Buenavista de Cuéllar
Buenavista de Cuéllar
(Buenavista de Cuéllar) Chilapa de Álvarez
Chilapa de Álvarez
(Chilapa de Álvarez) Chilpancingo
Chilpancingo
de los Bravo ( Chilpancingo
Chilpancingo
de los Bravo) Coahuayutla de José María Izazaga (Coahuayutla de Guerrero) Cochoapa el Grande
Cochoapa el Grande
(Cochoapa el Grande) Cocula (Cocula) Copala (Copala) Copalillo
Copalillo
(Copalillo) Copanatoyac
Copanatoyac
(Copanatoyac) Coyuca de Benítez
Coyuca de Benítez
(Coyuca de Benítez) Coyuca de Catalán
Coyuca de Catalán
(Coyuca de Catalán) Cuajinicuilapa
Cuajinicuilapa
(Cuajinicuilapa) Cualac (Cualac) Cuautepec
Cuautepec
(Cuautepec) Cuetzala del Progreso
Cuetzala del Progreso
(Cuetzala del Progreso) Cutzamala de Pinzón
Cutzamala de Pinzón
(Cutzamala de Pinzón) Eduardo Neri (Zumpango del Río) Florencio Villarreal (Cruz Grande) General Canuto A. Neri (Acapetlahuaya)

General Heliodoro Castillo (Tlacotepec) Huamuxtitlán
Huamuxtitlán
(Huamuxtitlán) Huitzuco de los Figueroa
Huitzuco de los Figueroa
(Huitzuco) Iguala
Iguala
de la Independencia ( Iguala
Iguala
de la Independencia) Igualapa
Igualapa
(Igualapa) Ixcateopan de Cuauhtémoc
Ixcateopan de Cuauhtémoc
(Ixcateopan de Cuauhtémoc) Iliatenco
Iliatenco
(Iliatenco) José Joaquín de Herrera (Hueycantenango) Juan R. Escudero (Tierra Colorada) Juchitán (Juchitán) La Unión de Isidoro Montes de Oca
La Unión de Isidoro Montes de Oca
(La Unión) Leonardo Bravo (Chichihualco) Malinaltepec
Malinaltepec
(Malinaltepec) Marquelia
Marquelia
(Marquelia) Mártir de Cuilapán
Mártir de Cuilapán
(Apango) Metlatónoc
Metlatónoc
(Metlatónoc) Mochitlán
Mochitlán
(Mochitlán) Olinalá
Olinalá
(Olinalá) Ometepec
Ometepec
(Ometepec) Pedro Ascencio Alquisiras
Pedro Ascencio Alquisiras
(Ixcapuzalco) Petatlán
Petatlán
(Petatlán) Pilcaya
Pilcaya
(Pilcaya) Pungarabato (Ciudad Altamirano) Quechultenango
Quechultenango
(Quechultenango) San Luis Acatlán
San Luis Acatlán
(San Luis Acatlán) San Marcos (San Marcos) San Miguel Totolapan
San Miguel Totolapan
(San Miguel Totolapan) Taxco de Alarcón
Taxco de Alarcón
(Taxco de Alarcón) Tecoanapa
Tecoanapa
(Tecoanapa) Tecpán de Galeana (Tecpán de Galeana) Teloloapan
Teloloapan
(Teloloapan) Tepecoacuilco de Trujano
Tepecoacuilco de Trujano
(Tepecoacuilco de Trujano) Tetipac
Tetipac
(Tetipac) Tixtla
Tixtla
de Guerrero
Guerrero
( Tixtla
Tixtla
de Guerrero) Tlacoachistlahuaca
Tlacoachistlahuaca
(Tlacoachistlahuaca) Tlacoapa
Tlacoapa
(Tlacoapa) Tlalchapa
Tlalchapa
(Tlalchapa) Tlalixtaquilla
Tlalixtaquilla
de Maldonado (Tlalixtaquilla) Tlapa de Comonfort
Tlapa de Comonfort
(Tlapa de Comonfort) Tlapehuala
Tlapehuala
(Tlapehuala) Xalpatlahuac
Xalpatlahuac
(Xalpatlahuac) Xochihuehuetlan
Xochihuehuetlan
(Xochihuehuetlan) Xochistlahuaca
Xochistlahuaca
(Xochistlahuaca) Zapotitlán Tablas
Zapotitlán Tablas
(Zapotitlán Tablas) Zihuatanejo
Zihuatanejo
de Azueta (Zihuatanejo) Zirándaro
Zirándaro
( Zirándaro
Zirándaro
de los Chávez)

.