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Chikkaballapur
Chikkaballapur
is the district headquarters of the newly created Chikkaballapur district
Chikkaballapur district
in the state of Karnataka, India. It is located within 3 km of Muddenahalli
Muddenahalli
(the birthplace of eminent engineer and statesman Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvarayya). A $400 million Pharmaceutical SEZ is coming up in Chikkaballapur
Chikkaballapur
on 325 acres (1.32 km2), the first of its kind in India.[1] Furthermore, the noted Traveler Bunglow is being converted into a state of the art Bus terminus. A new District Government Headquarters and police headquarters[2] is being constructed at a cost of $5 million. In addition, the state government is releasing over $10 million to develop the city and expand underground sanitary systems. It is a regional transport and educational hub, and is a major site for grape, grain, and silk cultivation. With recent development, it is widely believed that Chikkaballapur
Chikkaballapur
will become part of "Greater Bangalore."[3]

Contents

1 The name 2 History 3 Demographics 4 Geography and Transportation 5 Places to visit[7] 6 Taluks in Chikkaballapur
Chikkaballapur
District 7 See also 8 References 9 External links

The name[edit] In the regional language, Kannada, the city is pronounced Chikkaballapura. "Chikka" in Kannada
Kannada
means "small", while "balla" means the measure to quantify food grains, and "pura" means "town". Thus, it is a place where people used to use small measures to quantify the food grains in ancient times. The place has always been known as an agricultural center for the region. History[edit] The name of this town was originally Chinna Ballaporum.[4] Originating from the Telugu word Chinna meaning small while "balla" means the measure to quantify food grains, and "porum" means "town". The ruler of Avathi Mallabiregowda's son Marigowda was hunting one day in Kodimanchanahalli forest. A rabbit stood in front of the fierce hunting dogs without fear. Seeing this, ruler was elated and told his son that the strength of the rabbit is due to the valor of the region's citizenry. As such the ruler took permission from King of Vijaynagar and built an elaborate fort and formed a city which is now known as Chickballapur. Baichegowda, King of Mysore later attacked the fort but had to withdraw due to the valiant efforts of the Chikkaballapura citizenry and aid from the Marathas. Sri Dodda Byregowda who came to power after Baichegowda acquired the land, which was taken by Mysore king. In 1762 during the ruling of Chikkappanayaka, Hyder Ali
Hyder Ali
captured the town for a period of 3 months. Then Chikkappanayaka agreed to pay 5-lakhs pagodas, and then the army was taken back. After this, Chikkappa Nayaka with the help of Murariraya of Guthy tried to restore his powers. He was hiding at Nandi Hills along with Chikkappa Nayaka. Immediately, Hyder Ali
Hyder Ali
acquired Chikkaballapur
Chikkaballapur
and other places and arrested Chikkappa Nayaka. Then with interfere of Lord Corn Wallis, Chikkaballapur
Chikkaballapur
was handed over to Narayanagowda. After knowing this, Tippu Sultan again acquired Chikkaballapur
Chikkaballapur
. In 1791 British occupied Nandi & left Narayanagowda to rule the town. Due to this treachery, a fight broke out between the Britishers and Tippu Sultan. Narayanagowda lost his administration. Later, the British defeated Tippu in a bitter battle which led to tremendous loss of life on both sides. The citizens of Chikkaballapur, however, refused to be subjugated and maintained their warrior pride. Chikkaballapur
Chikkaballapur
later came under the administration of Wodeyars of Mysore, who later merged with the present state of Karnataka. Demographics[edit] As of 2011[update] India
India
census,[5] Chikkaballapur
Chikkaballapur
had a population of 191,122. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Chikkaballapur
Chikkaballapur
has an average literacy rate of 64%, higher than the national average of 59.5%.[6] 11% of the population is under 6 years of age. Geography and Transportation[edit] The town of Chikkaballapur
Chikkaballapur
is approximately 56 km north of Bengaluru (formerly Bangalore), the silicon plateau of India. Chikkaballapur
Chikkaballapur
has a high elevation located in the center of the Nandi Hills region. "Panchagiri" is a common descriptor of Chikkaballapur
Chikkaballapur
as it is surrounded by 5 picturesque hills among which Nandi Hills is the famous one (The five hills are known as Nandi Giri, Chandra Giri, Skandagiri, Brahma Giri, and Hema Giri). The Kalavara Halli hill Kalavaara betta, is becoming famous because of the trekking involved to reach the top of the hill. The north-south Six-lane National Highway NH-7 as well as the East-West NH 234 (previously state highway 58) goes through the city. The city is also a transportation hub comprising a new major bus terminus and train station headquarters. It is well connected to important towns by the state run buses as well as private taxis and autos. The nearest airport is Bengaluru International Airport at a distance of 20 kilometers. Places to visit[7][edit] Nandi Hills is nearby and within the jurisdiction of Chikkaballapur district. The nearby region of Muddenahalli
Muddenahalli
is the birthplace of legendary engineer Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvarayya. Hossur is the birthplace of Dr. Hosur Narasimhaiah, the great educationalist and thinker. Chikkaballapur
Chikkaballapur
has the small, pristine Kandavara Lake. S. Gollahalli Village Sri Anjaneya Swami temple is an important place to visit. "Vidurashwattha" is in Gauribidanur
Gauribidanur
taluk on the lands of river Pinakini. "Vidurashwattha" is famous for Temple. It is also called as Mini Jaliyanwalabagh. There are several reputed educational institutions in the region. SJCIT is an engineering institute established in 1986 and imparts degree and graduate education. Sri Bhagavan Sathya Sai Baba's school, university, and hospital are about 3 km from Chikkaballapur. Taluks in Chikkaballapur
Chikkaballapur
District[edit] The Chikkaballapur
Chikkaballapur
District includes the taluks (townships) of: Chikkaballapur, Gauribidanur, Bagepalli, Sidlaghatta, Gudibanda, and Chintamani. See also[edit]

Addagal (Chik Ballapur) Ajjavara, Chik Ballapur DEVASTANADAHOSAHALLI, Chickballapur

References[edit]

^ http://www.thehindubusinessline.com/iw/2010/06/20/stories/2010062051691300.htm ^ http://www.expressbuzz.com/edition/story.aspx?Title=15+police+stations+sanctioned+for+state&artid=wmHvsIUM%7CeU=&SectionID=7GUA38txp3s=&MainSectionID=fyV9T2jIa4A=&SectionName=zkvyRoWGpmWSxZV2TGM5XQ==&SEO=[permanent dead link] ^ "'Chikkaballapura slated to become part of Greater Bangalore'". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 28 January 2010.  ^ "1808 Map of India".  ^ " Census
Census
of India
India
2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census
Census
Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.  ^ http://www.census2011.co.in/census/district/249-chikkaballapura.html ^ http://chikballapur.nic.in/dtourism.htm

External links[edit]

official Website by District Administration Chikkaballapura Official Municipal Website [1]

Wikivoyage has a travel guide

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