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Chichawatni
Chichawatni
(Urdu: چِيچہ وطنى‬‎) is a tehsil in the Sahiwal District
Sahiwal District
of the Pakistani province of Punjab.[1] Situated near the old main road called Grand Trunk Road, it lies approximately 45 kilometres (28 mi) from the district capital, Sahiwal.[2] In 2011, Chichawatni's population was estimated at approximately 160,000.

Contents

1 Etymology 2 History 3 Overview

3.1 Forest division 3.2 Cattle market 3.3 Raye Ali Nawaz Stadium 3.4 Educational institutions 3.5 Rail links 3.6 Nearby villages

4 Government investment 5 Local elections in 2012 6 Lower Bari Doab Canal 7 See also 8 References 9 External links

Etymology[edit] There are two leading folk etymologies proposed for the name Chichawatni. The first one asserts that the 7th century Raja Dahir named the town Chichawatni
Chichawatni
– meaning " City
City
of Chach" – for his father, Maharaja
Maharaja
Chach of Alor. According to the second etymology, the name is derived from a Hindu
Hindu
family who lived in the area in antiquity, with the father of the family being named Chicha and the mother Watni. History[edit] From the beginning of the 7th century, Rajput
Rajput
Bhatti kingdoms dominated eastern portions of Pakistan
Pakistan
and northern India. In 997 CE, Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi took over the Ghaznavid dynasty empire established by his father, Sultan Sebuktegin. In 1005 he conquered the Shahis in Kabul
Kabul
in 1005, and followed this with the conquests of some western Punjab region. Eastern regions of Punjab from Multan to Rawalpindi in north (including the region of present-day Faisalabad, previously called Lyallpur) remained under Rajput
Rajput
rule until 1193. The Delhi Sultanate
Delhi Sultanate
and Mughal Empire
Mughal Empire
later ruled the region. The Punjab region
Punjab region
became predominantly Muslim
Muslim
due to the missionary Sufi
Sufi
saints' work among the people of Punjab. Sufi
Sufi
dargahs (mausoleums) dot the landscape of the Punjab region
Punjab region
today. After the decline of the Mughal Empire, the Sikh Empire
Sikh Empire
was formed in the Punjab. During the British Raj, Chichawatni
Chichawatni
was reputedly transformed from a small Punjabi village into a relatively modern city by infrastructure investment and planning decrees, starting after the First World War.[3] At the time of the independence of Pakistan
Pakistan
in 1947, most Indian Muslim
Muslim
families migrated from Punjab towns like Ludhiana, Jallandhar, Amritsar
Amritsar
and Firozpur, and settled in towns like Chichawatni, shaping the city's present-day Muslim
Muslim
population. The predominantly Muslim population supported Muslim
Muslim
League and the Pakistan
Pakistan
Movement. After the independence of Pakistan
Pakistan
in 1947, the minority Hindus and Sikhs migrated to India
India
from the old northwestern Punjab areas, while the Muslim
Muslim
refugees from the northeastern Punjab areas of India
India
migrated to the northwestern Punjab areas, including the Sahiwal District
Sahiwal District
area, between the newly-drawn national boundaries of Pakistan
Pakistan
and India
India
by the departing British. In other words, the old British Punjab province was divided into two new Punjabs - 'Muslim-majority Punjab' and 'Sikh and Hindu
Hindu
majority Punjab' in 1947.[4] Wasid Mehmood. Overview[edit] Chichawatni
Chichawatni
presently serves as the main city of Sahiwal
Sahiwal
Division, and is administratively subdivided into three City
City
Union Councils and 34 rural Union Councils.[2] It is also the headquarters of Chichawatni Tehsil. It lies approximately 20 kilometres (12 mi) from the ancient Upper Indus site of Harappa, a Unesco World Heritage Site, and is consequently a popular stop-over for tourists. It serves as the educational hub for many local villages, offering several colleges and institutions for higher education. Punjabi is the most-spoken language in Sahiwal, including Chichawatni,[2][5] although Urdu
Urdu
is also commonly spoken. Forest division[edit]

Forested land near Chichawatni

Chichawatni
Chichawatni
city is the headquarters of a Pakistani forest division. The local forested area is called Chichawatni
Chichawatni
Reserved Forest. During the War of Independence of 1857, local people fought against the British in this forest. In World War II, many foreign prisoners were brought here to be confined in this forest. Dating back to 1923, the Chichawatni
Chichawatni
Plantation covered a total forested area of approximately 3,600 hectares (9,000 acres), constituting the second-largest forest plantation in Pakistan,[6] the largest being the Changa Manga
Changa Manga
Forest. The Peregrine Fund, a U.S.-based avian conservation organisation, conducted research in Chichawatni's forests in the early 2000s.[7] Cattle market[edit] Chichawatni's cattle market, known as Mandi Muwaishiyan, is among the largest in Pakistan. Typically, the market runs from the 21st of each month to the end of the month.[5] Raye Ali Nawaz Stadium[edit] This is one of the beautiful stadiums in Chichawatni. It is used for sports including cricket, kabaddi, and football. It is also used for political processions. It is named for the late political Leader Raye Ali Nawaz. Educational institutions[edit] Chichawatni
Chichawatni
is home to numerous institutions of secondary and tertiary education, including:

Divisional Public School & College For (Boys & Girls) Sahiwal Chichawatni
Chichawatni
Campus Al-Falah Public Higher Secondary School Allama Iqbal High School Allied School chichawatni campus Dar E Arqam 88/12.La Darul Aloom Ghousia Noor Ul Masajid Darul Uloom Khatm-e-Nabuwwat (an Islamic institution) Ahmad education campus old cch Dawn Cadet High School The Educators College The Educators School Government College of Commerce Government Crescent College (for girls) Government Crescent Girls High School[8] Government Degree College Government Technical Training Institute Chichawatni Government High School Government High School (for boys) Government M.C. High School (for boys) Islamia Public High School Chichawatni Oxford School System Punjab Group of Colleges
Punjab Group of Colleges
( Chichawatni
Chichawatni
Campus)[9] Punjab Science School and College Quaid-e-Azam Public High School & College, Kassowal Real College G.T Road Chichawatni Scholars' Model High School Sir Syed College, Kassowal
Kassowal
village Unique Public Higher Secondary School University School System

Rail links[edit] In 1918, Chichawatni's first railway station was constructed, but its position – in the largely impassable forest to the north of the town – made it difficult to reach, despite the expansion of the station in 1927. In July 2007, a new and more accessible railway station was constructed in Chichawatni, with the sanction of then Prime Minister Zafarullah Jamali.[10] Nearby villages[edit] Chichawatni
Chichawatni
is surrounded by many villages and farming fields. Some of the villages near Chichawatni
Chichawatni
are Village
Village
Chak No. 111/7.R, major Cost in this village Sabana Sial,Chak No. 34/12-L, Village
Village
Chak No.106/12-L, Village
Village
Chak No. 40/12-L, Village
Village
Chak No. 42/12-L, Village
Village
Chak No.43/12-L Kot Mohammad, Village
Village
Chak No. 110/12-L, Village
Village
Chak No. 112/12 L Bahadur Garh, Village
Village
Chak No.115/12-L, Village
Village
No.17, Village
Village
No.37, Village
Village
No.39/12-L, Chak No.32/12-L, Chak No.44/12 L, Village
Village
No.45/12 L, Village
Village
No. 49/12 L Subhanpur, Village
Village
No. 108/7.R, Village
Village
No. 110/7.R and Chak No. 47.12.L Government investment[edit] In recent years, the Government of Punjab has invested significantly into education in Chichawatni, leading to a rapid increase in the local literacy rate. In partnership with private interests, local authorities have also invested in ICT education, improving the computer skills of school and college students in Chichawatni. Numerous municipal parks and museums have also been constructed with government aid.[11] Local elections in 2012[edit] Since the independence of Pakistan
Pakistan
in 1947, local elections are contested occasionally by the political parties in Pakistan.[12] Lower Bari Doab Canal[edit] This canal is one of the most important sources of cultivation of this area.This source of this canal is Head Baloki. The villages following it on the right side are named with "R" & on the left side are known as "L", such as 111/7-R & 110/7L. This canal is between the Ravi River and Checha Wati city. It irrigates the area of 3 District Qasor, Okara Sahiwal, Khanewal. The Government of Punjab has constructed a few small power houses over this canal near Checha Wati. The main infrastructure work has been completed on down falls but electricity generation has not yet been started. See also[edit]

Forestry in Pakistan Old Chichawatni

References[edit]

^ http://www.worldatlas.com/as/pk/pb/where-is-chichawatni.html, Location and map of Chichawatni
Chichawatni
on worldatlas.com website, Retrieved 7 March 2017 ^ a b c http://www.findpk.com/cities/Explorer-pakistan-Sahiwal.html, City
City
of Sahiwal
Sahiwal
on findpk.com website, Retrieved 7 March 2017 ^ http://www.chichawatni.7p.com/rich_text.html, History of Chichawatni, Retrieved 9 March 2017 ^ http://www.oldindianphotos.in/2009/10/mass-migration-during-independence-of.html, Mass migration during independence of India
India
and Pakistan
Pakistan
in 1947, Retrieved 8 March 2017 ^ a b http://www.world66.com/asia/southasia/pakistan/chichawatni, History of Chichawatni, Retrieved 9 March 2017 ^ http://fwf.punjab.gov.pk/chichawatni_plantation, 'Chichawatni Plantation' article on Government of Punjab, Pakistan
Punjab, Pakistan
website, Published in 2014, Retrieved 9 March 2017 ^ Asian Vulture Crisis Archives - Summary of Field Study Results from Pakistan
Pakistan
for the Breeding Season 2000/2001 Archived December 29, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.. Peregrine Fund, 2 December 2001. Retrieved 9 April 2012. ^ Schooling Log Pakistan :: Government Girls High School CRESCENT CHICHAWATNI, CHICHAWATANI, SAHIWAL, Punjab. Schoolinglog.com website (2011-02-02). Retrieved 9 March 2017 ^ New Campuses – Punjab Group of Colleges
Punjab Group of Colleges
Archived October 8, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. on pgc.edu. website, Retrieved 7 March 2017 ^ http://pk.geoview.info/railway_station_chichawatni,46858402p, Chichawatni
Chichawatni
Railway
Railway
Station on pk.geoview.info website, Retrieved 9 March 2017 ^ http://nation.com.pk/national/07-May-2015/cm-opens-projects-worth-billions-of-rupees, 'Chief Minister opens projects worth billions of rupees', The Nation newspaper, Published 7 May 2015, Retrieved 9 March 2017 ^ http://nation.com.pk/lahore/05-Dec-2012/pml-n-victory-in-chichawatni-by-poll-lesson-for-pti, Local elections in Chichawatni, Pakistan, The Nation newspaper, Published 5 December 2012, Retrieved 9 March 2017

External links[edit]

Satellite view of Chichawatni

v t e

Neighbourhoods of Sahiwal

Administrations: Sahiwal
Sahiwal
Division and Sahiwal
Sahiwal
District

Tehsils

Chichawatni Sahiwal

Cities

Chichawatni
Chichawatni
(Old) Harappa Sahiwal
Sahiwal
(capital)

Towns and councils

ChandPur Chak No. 42/12.L Agra Asghari Chak 17/14L Ghaziabad Gulistan Iqbal Nagar Kassowal Nai-Abadi Pahri Qasimabad Sikhanwala Tariq-bin-Ziad Colony Tirathpur

Villages

Chak no. 24/11-L 26/11-L Addepur Bashera Chak 44/12.L Chak 86/6.R Sahiwal Chak No. 110/7R Chak no. 116/12.L Kassowal Chak No. 42/12.L Charat Singhwala Mirbaz

Website: Sahiwal
Sahiwal
Dis

.