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Cheboksary
Cheboksary
(Russian: Чебоксары, IPA: [tɕɪbɐˈksarɨ]; Chuvash: Шупашкар, Šupaškar) is the capital city of Chuvashia, Russia
Russia
and a port on the Volga River. Population: 453,721 (2010 Census);[8] 440,621 (2002 Census);[14] 419,592 (1989 Census).[15]

Contents

1 Geography 2 History 3 Administrative and municipal status

3.1 City divisions

4 Demographics

4.1 Ethnic composition

5 Culture

5.1 Sport

6 Education 7 Economy 8 Transportation 9 Climate 10 Gallery 11 Twin towns and sister cities 12 References

12.1 Notes 12.2 Sources

13 External links

Geography[edit] The city is located in the Volga Upland
Volga Upland
region and stands on the shore of the Cheboksary
Cheboksary
Reservoir. Its area is 250.9 square kilometers (96.9 sq mi).[7] The satellite city of Novocheboksarsk
Novocheboksarsk
is located about 6 kilometers (3.7 mi) east of Cheboksary. History[edit] It was first mentioned in written sources in 1469,[12] when Russian soldiers passed here on their way to the Khanate of Kazan.[citation needed] According to archaeological excavations, however, the area had been populated considerably earlier. The site hosted a Bulgarian city of Veda Suvar, which appeared after Mongols defeated major Volga Bulgarian cities in the 13th century. During Khanate period the town is believed by some[who?] to have had a Turkic (probably, Tatar[citation needed]) name Çabaqsar and that the current Russian and English names originate from it. However, in maps by European travelers it was marked as Cibocar (Pizzigano, 1367), Veda-Suar (Fra Mauro, 1459). Shupashcar, the Chuvash name literally means the "fortress of the Chuvash". In 1555, the Russians
Russians
built a fortress and established a settlement here. In 1625, there were 458 soldiers quartered in Cheboksary, and in 1646 there were 661 males living in the settlement. At the end of the 17th century, Cheboksary
Cheboksary
was regarded as a major commercial city of the Volga region, and in 1781 it was granted town status[12] within Kazan
Kazan
Governorate. In the beginning of the 19th century the population was about 5500, the town had a sawmill and several small manufactures. Cheboksary
Cheboksary
also was noted for its twenty-five churches and four monasteries, and Cheboksary
Cheboksary
bells were known in London and Paris[citation needed]. In the 16th and the first half of the 17th century the Vvedensky cathedral, four monasteries and eighth churches had been built, in the 18th century the stone buildings of treasury and archive, magistracy, court, and ten churches. In 1880, here were counted 783 houses (33 of them from stone), 91 stores, 3 schools, 2 hospitals, and a bank. In the beginning of the 20th century, 5,100 people lived in Cheboksary. In 1965, the population was 163,000. Administrative and municipal status[edit] Cheboksary
Cheboksary
is the capital of the republic.[1] Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is, together with two urban-type settlements (Novye Lapsary and Sosnovka) and two rural localities, incorporated as the city of republic significance of Cheboksary—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, the city of republic significance of Cheboksary
Cheboksary
is incorporated as Cheboksary
Cheboksary
Urban Okrug.[4] City divisions[edit] For administrative purposes, Cheboksary
Cheboksary
is divided into three city districts: Kalininsky, Leninsky, and Moskovsky. Demographics[edit] Ethnic composition[edit] The population of Cheboksary
Cheboksary
consists mainly of the two following ethnic groups; the Chuvash (62%), and ethnic Russians
Russians
(34%).[16] Mixed marriages are quite common. Culture[edit] Like many cities of Russia, Cheboksary
Cheboksary
possesses many cultural opportunities. There is an opera-ballet theater, a philharmonic orchestra, Chuvash State Puppet Theater
Theater
and numerous theaters (showing productions in both Russian and Chuvash languages). However, a very popular gathering place for the locals is the recently completed zaliv (bay), beautifully situated in the middle of the city. There people gather to stroll, visit cafes, and socialize. Cheboksary
Cheboksary
also has beautiful boardwalks and beaches along the Volga River, where people swim in the summer. There are also a number of heated pools, health clubs, and museums (including the Chuvash National Museum
Museum
and Russia's only beer museum).[17] Cheboksary
Cheboksary
hosted a language festival in 1996. Sport[edit] Cheboksary
Cheboksary
regularly hosts athletics meetings and racewalking events, including the 2008 IAAF World Race Walking Cup, the 2015 European Team Championships Super League, and the 2016 Russian athletics and masters athletics championships.[18] The 2016 IAAF World Race Walking Team Championships were moved from Cheboksary
Cheboksary
to Rome as part of IAAF sanctions against doping in Russia. Education[edit] Educational institutions include the Chuvash State University, Chuvash State Agriculture Academy, the Chuvash State Pedagogical University, and the Cheboksary
Cheboksary
Cooperative Technical School.

Cheboksary
Cheboksary
Physics and Mathematics School Cheboksary
Cheboksary
Cooperative Institute

Economy[edit] Cheboksary
Cheboksary
is located near a hydro-electric power station generating up to 1,404 MW, with a reservoir of 2,274 square kilometers (878 sq mi). Cheboksary
Cheboksary
is the location of the headquarters of the Concern Tractor Plants, Russia's leading machine building company and one of the largest heavy mechanical engineering companies in the world.[17][19] Transportation[edit] The Cheboksary Airport
Cheboksary Airport
(IATA CSY, ICAO UWKS, international airport since 1995) receives both cargo and passenger aircraft of practically all types and sizes. There are regularly scheduled flights to Moscow and other destinations. Chuvashia
Chuvashia
Airlines was based at this airport until operations ceased in 2009. Cheboksary
Cheboksary
is located about a four-hour drive from Strigino International Airport
Strigino International Airport
near Nizhny Novgorod, which offers more flight connections. Because the Volga River
Volga River
runs through Chuvashia, Cheboksary
Cheboksary
is a frequent stop on the many boat tours that travel along the major cities up and down the Volga. To the south, Volgograd, Rostov-on-Don, Astrakhan, the Caspian Sea, and Black Sea
Black Sea
are directly reachable. To the west, the Volga River
Volga River
connects Cheboksary
Cheboksary
with Nizhny Novgorod, Yaroslavl, Moscow, and the northern regions of Russia. By using river-sea vessels, it is possible to take cargo from Chuvash riverports all the way to Saint Petersburg, Novorossiysk
Novorossiysk
(on the Black Sea), Astrakhan, and ports situated on the Danube
Danube
river. However, the river is frozen from December to April.[17] Public transportation within Cheboksary
Cheboksary
is among the best in Russia.[citation needed] An extensive system of trolleybuses, autobuses, and minibuses covers the city, providing quick, convenient access to all parts of the city. For those who prefer taxis, there are several taxi agencies available, but the favorite means of transportation among locals are so-called "Gypsy" cabs. In Russia, anybody who owns a car is potentially a taxi. This can be a convenient way to get around but it is also potentially dangerous. Official taxis cost less than 6 dollars for travel between most points within the city.[17] Climate[edit] The climate in the region is continental, and it is similar to the climate in Moscow, although colder in winter, which lasts from late November until late March with a permanent snow cover.

Climate
Climate
data for Cheboksary

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) −9.4 (15.1) −7.4 (18.7) −1.5 (29.3) 8.5 (47.3) 18.4 (65.1) 22.2 (72) 24.2 (75.6) 22.0 (71.6) 15.5 (59.9) 6.6 (43.9) −1.2 (29.8) −6.2 (20.8) 7.6 (45.7)

Average low °C (°F) −16.4 (2.5) −14.1 (6.6) −8.5 (16.7) 0.4 (32.7) 7.7 (45.9) 11.9 (53.4) 14.4 (57.9) 12.4 (54.3) 7.2 (45) 0.8 (33.4) −5.8 (21.6) −12.2 (10) −0.2 (31.6)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 30 (1.18) 24 (0.94) 24 (0.94) 35 (1.38) 40 (1.57) 66 (2.6) 71 (2.8) 64 (2.52) 54 (2.13) 53 (2.09) 43 (1.69) 34 (1.34) 538 (21.18)

Source: worldweather.org [20]

Gallery[edit]

Cheboksary
Cheboksary
Bay

Artificial Bay
Bay
in the city center

Agricultural Academy, Cheboksary

Mother Patroness Monument
Mother Patroness Monument
in center of the city

Chuvashia-EXPO exhibition center

Novoyuzhny Microdistrict
Microdistrict
in Cheboksary

Monument of Vasily Chapaev

Twin towns and sister cities[edit] Main article: List of twin towns and sister cities in Russia Cheboksary
Cheboksary
is twinned with:

Eger, Hungary Santa Clara, Cuba

Also a partnership is shown with:

Rundu, Namibia[21]

References[edit] Notes[edit]

^ a b c d e f g Law #28 ^ Charter of Cheboksary, Article 4 ^ Decision #1525 ^ a b c Law #37 ^ Official website of Cheboksary. Leonid Ilyich Cherkesov, Head of the City of Cheboksary
Cheboksary
(in Russian) ^ a b Charter of Cheboksary, Article 23 ^ a b Resolution #2083 ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All- Russia
Russia
Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012.  ^ Chuvash Republic
Chuvash Republic
Territorial Branch of the Federal State Statistics Service. Численность населения на 1 января 2014 года (in Russian) ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.). ^ a b c d Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. pp. 510–512. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9.  ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian) ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014.  ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014.  ^ Национальный состав населения районов и городов Чувашской Республики по данным переписи населения 2002 года ^ a b c d Steven Brown and Olin Lagon (June 2001). "Economic Overview of the Republic of Chuvashia". United States Peace Corps Business Development Volunteers in Chuvashia. Archived from the original on July 4, 2005. Retrieved January 10, 2009.  ^ Ebel, Francesca; Silchenko, Veronika (19 June 2016). "Despair and defiance as Russian athletes react to doping ban". Associated Press. Retrieved 18 October 2017.  ^ "Company Profile". Concern Tractor Plants. Retrieved 2009-07-14.  ^ "worldweather.org".  ^ Cheboksary
Cheboksary
will be soon twinned with Rundu

Sources[edit]

Государственный Совет Чувашской Республики. Закон №28 от 19 декабря 1997 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Чувашской Республики», в ред. Закона №37 от 30 июля 2013 г. «О внесении изменений в отдельные законодательные акты Чувашской Республики и признании утратившим силу Закона Чувашской Республики "О едином балансе активов и пассивов Чувашской Республики"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Ведомости Государственного Совета ЧР", №23, 1998. (State Council of the Chuvash Republic. Law #28 of December 19, 1997 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of the Chuvash Republic, as amended by the Law #37 of July 30, 2013 On Amending Several Legislative Acts of the Chuvash Republic
Chuvash Republic
and on Abrogating the Law of the Chuvash Republic
Chuvash Republic
"On Consolidated Balance of Assets and Liabilities of the Chuvash Republic". Effective as of the official publication date.). Государственный Совет Чувашской Республики. Закон №37 от 24 ноября 2004 г. «Об установлении границ муниципальных образований Чувашской Республики и наделении их статусом городского, сельского поселения, муниципального района и городского округа», в ред. Закона №54 от 9 октября 2015 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Чувашской Республики "Об установлении границ муниципальных образований Чувашской Республики и наделении их статусом городского, сельского поселения, муниципального района и городского округа"». Вступил в силу через 10 дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Республика", №49-50, 30 ноября 2004 г. (State Council of the Chuvash Republic. Law #37 of November 24, 2004 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations of the Chuvash Republic and on Granting Them Status of Urban, Rural Settlement, Municipal District, and Urban Okrug, as amended by the Law #54 of October 9, 2015 On Amending the Law of the Chuvash Republic "On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations of the Chuvash Republic
Chuvash Republic
and on Granting Them Status of Urban, Rural Settlement, Municipal District, and Urban Okrug". Effective as of the day which is 10 days after the official publication date.). Чебоксарское городское Собрание депутатов. Решение №40 от 30 ноября 2005 г. «Устав муниципального образования города Чебоксары — столицы Чувашской Республики», в ред. Решения №1743 от 20 ноября 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Устав муниципального образования города Чебоксары — столицы Чувашской Республики». Вступил в силу 1 января 2006 г. (за исключением отдельных положений). Опубликован: "Чебоксарские новости", №255–260, 31 декабря 2005 г. (Cheboksary City Assembly of Deputies. Decision #40 of November 30, 2005 Charter of the Municipal Formation of the City of Cheboksary—the Capital of the Chuvash Republic, as amended by the Decision #1743 of November 20, 2014 On Amending the Charter of the Municipal Formation of the City of Cheboksary—the Capital of the Chuvash Republic. Effective as of January 1, 2006 (with the exception of certain clauses).). Чебоксарское городское Собрание депутатов. Решение №1525 от 24 декабря 2009 г. «О гимне муниципального образования города Чебоксары — столицы Чувашской Республики». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Чебоксарские новости", №148–149, 29 декабря 2009 г. ( Cheboksary
Cheboksary
City Assembly of Deputies. Decision #1525 of December 24, 2009 On the Anthem
Anthem
of the Municipal Formation of the City of Cheboksary—the Capital of the Chuvash Republic. Effective as of the day of the official publication.). Администрация города Чебоксары Чувашской Республики. Постановление №2083 от 1 июля 2013 г. «О социальном паспорте города Чебоксары за 2012 год». Опубликован: "Вестник органов местного самоуправления города Чебоксары", №12, 10 июля 2013 г. (Administration of the City of Cheboksary
Cheboksary
of the Chuvash Republic. Resolution #2083 of July 1, 2013 On the 2012 Social Passport of the City of Cheboksary. ).

External links[edit]

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Cheboksary.

Map of Cheboksary
Cheboksary
and environs Photos from Cheboksary Cheboksary
Cheboksary
news

v t e

Administrative divisions of the Chuvash Republic

Capital: Cheboksary

Cities and towns

Alatyr Cheboksary Kanash Kozlovka Mariinsky Posad Novocheboksarsk Shumerlya Tsivilsk Yadrin

Districts

Alatyrsky Alikovsky Batyrevsky Cheboksarsky Ibresinsky Kanashsky Komsomolsky Kozlovsky Krasnoarmeysky Krasnochetaysky Mariinsko-Posadsky Morgaushsky Poretsky Shemurshinsky Shumerlinsky Tsivilsky Urmarsky Vurnarsky Yadrinsky Yalchiksky Yantikovsky

v t e

Capitals of the Republics of Russia

Abakan Cheboksary Cherkessk Elista Gorno-Altaysk Grozny Izhevsk Kazan Kyzyl Magas Makhachkala Maykop Nalchik Petrozavodsk Saransk Simferopol Syktyvkar Ufa Ulan-Ude Vladikavkaz Yakutsk Yoshkar-Ola

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 238445939 GN

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