Charsadda (Pashto: چارسده pronounce (help·info),
Urdu: چارسده pronounce (help·info)) is a town
and headquarters of
Charsadda District, in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
province of Pakistan. It lies about 29 kilometres (18 mi) from
the provincial capital of
Peshawar at an altitude of 276 metres
(906 ft). The total area of
Charsadda District measures about
996 square Km. The district is geographically organized into two
primary parts: Hashtnagar (Pashto: Ashnaghar) and Do Aaba (Pashto:
Duaba). The city hosts the ruins of what was once the ancient
Gandharan capital city of
Pushkalavati (meaning Lotus City in
Sanskrit), and home of the
Sanskrit grammarian Pāṇini.
4 Recent history
5 See also
7 External links
The earliest archaeological deposits recovered at
Charsadda are dated
to ca. 1400 BCE, constituting a series of post holes in association
with ceramic sherds and ash. Subsequent periods indicate that more
permanent structures were built at Charsadda, including stone-lined
pits. Between the 14th century BCE and the 6th century BCE, when an
Achaemenid presence is represented at the site (see below), the
Charsadda developed an iron-working industry and used
ceramics that are typical for this period in the Vale of Peshawar,
Swat and Dir.
The father of
Pāṇini was from this area and lived
around 4th century BCE.
The later history of
Charsadda can be traced back to the 6th century
BCE. It was the capital of
Gandhara from the 6th century BCE to the
2nd century CE. The ancient name of
Charsadda was Pushkalavati. It was
the administrative centre of the
Gandhara kingdom. Many invaders have
ruled over this region during different times of history. These
include the Persians, Alexander the Great's Macedonians, the Mauryas,
the Greco-Bactrians, the Indo-Greeks, the Indo-Scythians, the
Indo-Parthians, the Kushans, the Huns, the Turks, the Guptas.
Charsadda is contiguous to the town of Prang; and these two places
were identified by
Alexander Cunningham with the ancient
Pushkalāvati, capital of the region at the time of Alexander's
invasion, and transliterated as Peukelaus or Peukelaotis by the Greek
historians. Its chieftain (Astes), according to Arrian, was killed in
defence of one of his strongholds after a prolonged siege by
Hephaistion. Ptolemy fixes its site upon the eastern bank of the
Suastene or Swat. The region was later conquered by Chandragupta
Maurya from the Macedonian straps. In the seventh century CE Hiuen
Tsiang visited the city, which he describes as being 100 li (16⅔
miles) north-east of Peshawar. A stupa, erected over the spot where
Buddha made an alms-offering of his eyes, formed the great attraction
for the Buddhist pilgrim and his co-religionists. The city, however,
had even then been abandoned as a political capital in favour of
Purushapura, Parashāwara, or Peshawar.
There are three rivers flowing in Charsadda: the River Jindi, the
Kabul River and the Swat River; these are the main source of
irrigation for Charsadda. The three rivers then merge and join the
The district is administratively subdivided into three tehsils which
contained a total of 49 Union Councils.
In January 2016, Bacha Khan University was attacked with guns and
bombs, killing 21 people and injuring 17. Four suspected attackers
died in the battle.
Bacha Khan University attack
^ a b Tehsils & Unions in the District of Charsada – Government
Pakistan Archived 22 March 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
^ Location of
Charsadda – Falling Rain Genomics
^ "NWFP in search of a name". pakhtunkhwa.com. Archived from the
original on 31 January 2016. Retrieved 24 January 2016.
^ Chārsadda Town – Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 10, p. 181.
^ Noreen Haider. "Living With Disasters" (PDF). Archived from the
original (PDF) on 9 July 2011. Retrieved 2010-06-01.
Pakistan attack: Gunmen kill 19 at Bacha Khan University BBC
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa portal
Blast rocks election rally in Pakistan
Administrative divisions of
Koz Behram Dheri
Matta Mughal Khel