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Charsadda
Charsadda
(Pashto: چارسده‎  pronounce (help·info), Urdu: چارسده‬‎  pronounce (help·info)) is a town and headquarters of Charsadda
Charsadda
District, in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan.[1] It lies about 29 kilometres (18 mi) from the provincial capital of Peshawar
Peshawar
at an altitude of 276 metres (906 ft).[2] The total area of Charsadda
Charsadda
District measures about 996 square Km. The district is geographically organized into two primary parts: Hashtnagar (Pashto: Ashnaghar) and Do Aaba (Pashto: Duaba). The city hosts the ruins of what was once the ancient Gandharan
Gandharan
capital city of Pushkalavati
Pushkalavati
(meaning Lotus City in Sanskrit), and home of the Sanskrit
Sanskrit
grammarian Pāṇini.[3]

Contents

1 History 2 Rivers 3 Administration 4 Recent history 5 See also 6 References 7 External links

History[edit] The earliest archaeological deposits recovered at Charsadda
Charsadda
are dated to ca. 1400 BCE, constituting a series of post holes in association with ceramic sherds and ash. Subsequent periods indicate that more permanent structures were built at Charsadda, including stone-lined pits. Between the 14th century BCE and the 6th century BCE, when an Achaemenid presence is represented at the site (see below), the inhabitants of Charsadda
Charsadda
developed an iron-working industry and used ceramics that are typical for this period in the Vale of Peshawar, Swat and Dir. The father of Sanskrit
Sanskrit
grammar, Pāṇini
Pāṇini
was from this area and lived around 4th century BCE. The later history of Charsadda
Charsadda
can be traced back to the 6th century BCE. It was the capital of Gandhara
Gandhara
from the 6th century BCE to the 2nd century CE. The ancient name of Charsadda
Charsadda
was Pushkalavati. It was the administrative centre of the Gandhara
Gandhara
kingdom. Many invaders have ruled over this region during different times of history. These include the Persians, Alexander the Great's Macedonians, the Mauryas, the Greco-Bactrians, the Indo-Greeks, the Indo-Scythians, the Indo-Parthians, the Kushans, the Huns, the Turks, the Guptas. Charsadda
Charsadda
is contiguous to the town of Prang; and these two places were identified by Alexander Cunningham
Alexander Cunningham
with the ancient Pushkalāvati, capital of the region at the time of Alexander's invasion, and transliterated as Peukelaus or Peukelaotis by the Greek historians. Its chieftain (Astes), according to Arrian, was killed in defence of one of his strongholds after a prolonged siege by Hephaistion. Ptolemy fixes its site upon the eastern bank of the Suastene or Swat. The region was later conquered by Chandragupta Maurya from the Macedonian straps. In the seventh century CE Hiuen Tsiang visited the city, which he describes as being 100 li (16⅔ miles) north-east of Peshawar. A stupa, erected over the spot where Buddha
Buddha
made an alms-offering of his eyes, formed the great attraction for the Buddhist pilgrim and his co-religionists. The city, however, had even then been abandoned as a political capital in favour of Purushapura, Parashāwara, or Peshawar.[4] Rivers[edit] There are three rivers flowing in Charsadda: the River Jindi, the Kabul River
Kabul River
and the Swat River; these are the main source of irrigation for Charsadda. The three rivers then merge and join the Indus River.[5] Administration[edit] The district is administratively subdivided into three tehsils which contained a total of 49 Union Councils.[1] Recent history[edit] In January 2016, Bacha Khan University was attacked with guns and bombs, killing 21 people and injuring 17. Four suspected attackers died in the battle.[6] See also[edit]

Bacha Khan University attack Pushkalavati

References[edit]

^ a b Tehsils & Unions in the District of Charsada – Government of Pakistan
Pakistan
Archived 22 March 2008 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Location of Charsadda
Charsadda
– Falling Rain Genomics ^ "NWFP in search of a name". pakhtunkhwa.com. Archived from the original on 31 January 2016. Retrieved 24 January 2016.  ^ Chārsadda Town – Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 10, p. 181. ^ Noreen Haider. "Living With Disasters" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 July 2011. Retrieved 2010-06-01.  ^ Pakistan
Pakistan
attack: Gunmen kill 19 at Bacha Khan University BBC

External links[edit]

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
portal

Blast rocks election rally in Pakistan Charsadda
Charsadda
Portal

v t e

Administrative divisions of Charsadda
Charsadda
District

Capital

Charsadda

Tehsils

Charsadda Tangi Shabqadar

Union councils

Abazai Agra Battagram Behlola Chindro Dag Dargai Daulat Pura Dhakki Dheri Zardad Dosehra Gandhera Ghunda Karkana Hajizai Harichand Hassan Zai Hisara Nehri Hissara Yasinzai Kangra Katozai Khan Mahi Koz Behram Dheri Mera Umarzai Mandani Matta Mughal Khel Mera Parang Mirzadher Muhammad Nari Nisatta Panjpao Rajjar 1 Rajjar 2 Rashaki Sarki Titara Shabqadar Sheikho Sherpao Shodag Tangi Tarnab Turangzai

.