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The Info List - Charleville-Mézières





1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Charleville-Mézières
Charleville-Mézières
(French pronunciation: ​[ʃaʁləvil mezjɛʁ]) is a commune in northern France, capital of the Ardennes department in the Grand Est
Grand Est
region. Charleville-Mézières
Charleville-Mézières
is located on the banks of the Meuse River.

Contents

1 History 2 Climate 3 Population 4 Culture 5 Transport 6 Sport 7 Famous residents 8 International relations 9 See also 10 Notes 11 References 12 External links

History[edit]

Charleville in 1625

Charleville and Mézières were originally separate communities on opposite banks of the Meuse, about a mile (2 km) distant from one another.[2] Charleville was founded by Charles Gonzaga, the 8th duke of Mantua, in 1606. Its inhabitants were known as Carolopolitans (Carolopolitains). It was prosperous from the 17th century, although its fortifications were dismantled under Louis XIV in 1687 and it passed into French hands in 1708. It was plundered by the Prussians in 1815. France's royal armaments factory was formerly located there and gave its name to the Charleville musket, before being relocated and divided between Tulle
Tulle
and Chatellerault. In the 19th century, the city continued to produce arms through private firms, as well as nails, hardware, wine, spirits, coal, iron, and slate. It boasted a spacious port, a theatre, a large public library, and a museum of natural history.[2] The inhabitants of Mézières were known as Macerians (Macériens). By the mid-19th century, the two towns were linked by a suspension bridge.[2] The present commune was established in 1966. Another commune, Le Theux, had already been merged into Mézières in 1965. It has a population of about 51,000.

Panorama of Place ducale

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Charleville-Mézières
Charleville-Mézières
(1981–2010 averages)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 15.0 (59) 17.5 (63.5) 22.0 (71.6) 28.1 (82.6) 30.7 (87.3) 34.9 (94.8) 35.3 (95.5) 37.0 (98.6) 30.7 (87.3) 27.7 (81.9) 19.9 (67.8) 15.6 (60.1) 37.0 (98.6)

Average high °C (°F) 5.1 (41.2) 6.6 (43.9) 10.8 (51.4) 14.6 (58.3) 18.8 (65.8) 21.6 (70.9) 24.1 (75.4) 23.7 (74.7) 19.6 (67.3) 14.9 (58.8) 9.1 (48.4) 5.7 (42.3) 14.6 (58.3)

Average low °C (°F) −0.5 (31.1) −0.7 (30.7) 1.6 (34.9) 3.3 (37.9) 7.3 (45.1) 10.2 (50.4) 12.1 (53.8) 11.7 (53.1) 8.9 (48) 6.2 (43.2) 2.7 (36.9) 0.5 (32.9) 5.3 (41.5)

Record low °C (°F) −17.5 (0.5) −16.7 (1.9) −13.8 (7.2) −8.5 (16.7) −4.4 (24.1) −2.4 (27.7) 1.7 (35.1) 0.4 (32.7) −2.0 (28.4) −6.7 (19.9) −11.8 (10.8) −16.4 (2.5) −17.5 (0.5)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 102.3 (4.028) 77.0 (3.031) 82.5 (3.248) 62.7 (2.469) 69.4 (2.732) 70.4 (2.772) 74.6 (2.937) 70.8 (2.787) 67.2 (2.646) 88.3 (3.476) 86.9 (3.421) 106.3 (4.185) 958.4 (37.732)

Average precipitation days 13.7 11.3 13.3 10.9 11.3 10.4 10.0 9.6 10.2 11.8 12.9 14.1 139.5

Mean monthly sunshine hours 53.6 66.5 118.5 163.5 186.6 195.2 206.3 196.9 143.5 97.2 45.6 42.6 1,515.9

Source: Météo France[3][4]

Population[edit]

Historical population

Year Pop. ±%

1793 7,240 —    

1800 7,724 +6.7%

1806 8,430 +9.1%

1821 8,320 −1.3%

1831 7,773 −6.6%

1836 8,878 +14.2%

1841 9,875 +11.2%

1846 9,353 −5.3%

1851 9,162 −2.0%

1866 11,244 +22.7%

1872 12,676 +12.7%

1876 13,759 +8.5%

1881 16,185 +17.6%

1886 16,906 +4.5%

1891 17,390 +2.9%

1896 17,805 +2.4%

1901 18,772 +5.4%

1906 20,702 +10.3%

1911 22,654 +9.4%

1921 21,689 −4.3%

1926 22,634 +4.4%

1931 22,708 +0.3%

1936 22,557 −0.7%

1946 20,193 −10.5%

1954 22,536 +11.6%

1962 24,668 +9.5%

1968 55,343 +124.4%

1975 60,176 +8.7%

1982 58,667 −2.5%

1990 57,008 −2.8%

1999 55,490 −2.7%

2008 50,876 −8.3%

2009 49,975 −1.8%

Culture[edit] Puppetry is an important part of the cultural life of Charleville-Mézières, which is called the "World Capital of Puppetry Arts". An international puppet festival has been held there every three years since 1961 and became biennial event in 2011.[5] The town is also home to the world headquarters of UNIMA[6] as well as the International Puppetry Institute (French: Institut International de la Marionnette),[7] which is housed in a historic building featuring a giant automaton of a puppeteer who performs a puppet show every hour on the hour. The poet Arthur Rimbaud
Arthur Rimbaud
(1854–1891) was born in Charleville. The Rimbaud museum (fr) is located in the old water mill (Le Vieux Moulin) to the north of the town. Transport[edit] City buses are run by TAC,[8] Transports de l’Agglomération de Charleville-Mézières. The Gare de Charleville-Mézières
Gare de Charleville-Mézières
railway station offers connections to Paris
Paris
(by TGV), Reims, Lille, Metz
Metz
and regional destinations. Sport[edit] OFC Charleville
OFC Charleville
represent the town at association football. Étoile de Charleville-Mézières
Charleville-Mézières
is a basketball club.

Famous residents[edit]

Louis Dufour, the abbé of Longuerue, was born in Charleville.[2] Arthur Rimbaud, the French poet, was born in Charleville. Natalis de Wailly, 19th-century historian and palaeographer was born in Charleville Louise Bellocq, French writer, winner of the 1960 Prix Femina, was born in Charleville

International relations[edit] Charleville-Mézières
Charleville-Mézières
is twinned with:[9]

Nevers, France Mantua, Italy Dülmen, Germany Euskirchen, Germany Nordhausen, Germany Iida, Japan

See also[edit]

Pierre Terrail, seigneur de Bayard Clément-Bayard Communes of the Ardennes department

Notes[edit]

^ "Insee - Chiffres cls : Commune de Charleville-Mzires (08105)". Insee.fr. Retrieved 2015-09-05.  ^ a b c d EB (1878), "Charleville". ^ "Données climatiques de la station de Charleville-Mézières" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved December 30, 2015.  ^ "Climat Champagne-Ardenne" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved December 30, 2015.  ^ "L'histoire". Festival-marionnette.com. Retrieved 2015-09-05.  ^ "UNIMA: Accueil". Unima.org. Retrieved 2015-09-05.  ^ "INSTITUT INTERNATIONAL DE LA MARIONNETTE - IIM". Marionnette.com. Retrieved 2015-09-05.  ^ [1] Archived 21 April 2010 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Les villes jumelles". charleville-mezieres.fr. Retrieved 8 January 2015. 

References[edit]

 Baynes, T.S., ed. (1878), "Charleville", Encyclopædia Britannica, 5 (9th ed.), New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, p. 429   Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911), "Charleville", Encyclopædia Britannica, 5 (11th ed.), Cambridge University Press, pp. 945–946   Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911), "Mézières", Encyclopædia Britannica, 18 (11th ed.), Cambridge University Press, p. 351 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Charleville-Mézières.

Official website

v t e

Prefectures of departments of France

Bourg-en-Bresse
Bourg-en-Bresse
(Ain) Laon
Laon
(Aisne) Moulins (Allier) Digne-les-Bains
Digne-les-Bains
(Alpes-de-Haute-Provence) Gap (Hautes-Alpes) Nice
Nice
(Alpes-Maritimes) Privas
Privas
(Ardèche) Charleville-Mézières
Charleville-Mézières
(Ardennes) Foix
Foix
(Ariège) Troyes
Troyes
(Aube) Carcassonne
Carcassonne
(Aude) Rodez
Rodez
(Aveyron) Marseille
Marseille
(Bouches-du-Rhône) Caen
Caen
(Calvados) Aurillac
Aurillac
(Cantal) Angoulême
Angoulême
(Charente) La Rochelle
La Rochelle
(Charente-Maritime) Bourges
Bourges
(Cher) Tulle
Tulle
(Corrèze) Ajaccio
Ajaccio
(Corse-du-Sud) Bastia
Bastia
(Haute-Corse) Dijon
Dijon
(Côte-d'Or) Saint-Brieuc
Saint-Brieuc
(Côtes-d'Armor) Guéret
Guéret
(Creuse) Périgueux
Périgueux
(Dordogne) Besançon
Besançon
(Doubs) Valence (Drôme) Évreux
Évreux
(Eure) Chartres
Chartres
(Eure-et-Loir) Quimper
Quimper
(Finistère) Nîmes
Nîmes
(Gard) Toulouse
Toulouse
(Haute-Garonne) Auch
Auch
(Gers) Bordeaux
Bordeaux
(Gironde) Montpellier
Montpellier
(Hérault) Rennes
Rennes
(Ille-et-Vilaine) Châteauroux
Châteauroux
(Indre) Tours
Tours
(Indre-et-Loire) Grenoble
Grenoble
(Isère) Lons-le-Saunier
Lons-le-Saunier
(Jura) Mont-de-Marsan
Mont-de-Marsan
(Landes) Blois
Blois
(Loir-et-Cher) Saint-Étienne
Saint-Étienne
(Loire) Le Puy-en-Velay
Le Puy-en-Velay
(Haute-Loire) Nantes
Nantes
(Loire-Atlantique) Orléans
Orléans
(Loiret) Cahors
Cahors
(Lot) Agen
Agen
(Lot-et-Garonne) Mende (Lozère) Angers
Angers
(Maine-et-Loire) Saint-Lô
Saint-Lô
(Manche) Châlons-en-Champagne
Châlons-en-Champagne
(Marne) Chaumont (Haute-Marne) Laval (Mayenne) Nancy (Meurthe-et-Moselle) Bar-le-Duc
Bar-le-Duc
(Meuse) Vannes
Vannes
(Morbihan) Metz
Metz
(Moselle) Nevers
Nevers
(Nièvre) Lille
Lille
(Nord) Beauvais
Beauvais
(Oise) Alençon
Alençon
(Orne) Arras
Arras
(Pas-de-Calais) Clermont-Ferrand
Clermont-Ferrand
(Puy-de-Dôme) Pau (Pyrénées-Atlantiques) Tarbes
Tarbes
(Hautes-Pyrénées) Perpignan
Perpignan
(Pyrénées-Orientales) Strasbourg
Strasbourg
(Bas-Rhin) Colmar
Colmar
(Haut-Rhin) Lyon
Lyon
(Rhône) Vesoul
Vesoul
(Haute-Saône) Mâcon
Mâcon
(Saône-et-Loire) Le Mans
Le Mans
(Sarthe) Chambéry
Chambéry
(Savoie) Annecy
Annecy
(Haute-Savoie) Paris
Paris
(Paris) Rouen
Rouen
(Seine-Maritime) Melun
Melun
(Seine-et-Marne) Versailles (Yvelines) Niort
Niort
(Deux-Sèvres) Amiens
Amiens
(Somme) Albi
Albi
(Tarn) Montauban
Montauban
(Tarn-et-Garonne) Toulon
Toulon
(Var) Avignon
Avignon
(Vaucluse) La Roche-sur-Yon
La Roche-sur-Yon
(Vendée) Poitiers
Poitiers
(Vienne) Limoges
Limoges
(Haute-Vienne) Épinal
Épinal
(Vosges) Auxerre
Auxerre
(Yonne) Belfort
Belfort
(Territoire de Belfort) Évry (Essonne) Nanterre
Nanterre
(Hauts-de-Seine) Bobigny
Bobigny
(Seine-Saint-Denis) Créteil
Créteil
(Val-de-Marne) Cergy, Pontoise
Pontoise
(Val-d'Oise)

Overseas departments

Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
(Guadeloupe) Fort-de- France
France
(Martinique) Cayenne
Cayenne
(French Guiana) Saint-Denis (Réunion) Mamoudzou
Mamoudzou
(Mayotte)

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Communes of the Ardennes department
Communes of the Ardennes department

Acy-Romance Aiglemont Aire Alincourt Alland'Huy-et-Sausseuil Amagne Ambly-Fleury Anchamps Angecourt Annelles Antheny Aouste Apremont Ardeuil-et-Montfauxelles Arnicourt Arreux Artaise-le-Vivier Asfeld Attigny Aubigny-les-Pothées Auboncourt-Vauzelles Aubrives Auflance Auge Aure Aussonce Authe Autrecourt-et-Pourron Autruche Autry Auvillers-les-Forges Avançon Avaux Les Ayvelles Baâlons Bairon-et-ses-Environs Balaives-et-Butz Balan Balham Ballay Banogne-Recouvrance Barbaise Barby Bar-lès-Buzancy Bayonville Bazeilles Beaumont-en-Argonne Beffu-et-le-Morthomme Belleville-et-Châtillon-sur-Bar Belval Belval-Bois-des-Dames Bergnicourt La Berlière Bertoncourt La Besace Biermes Bièvres Bignicourt Blagny Blanchefosse-et-Bay Blanzy-la-Salonnaise Blombay Bogny-sur-Meuse Bossus-lès-Rumigny Bouconville Boult-aux-Bois Boulzicourt Bourcq Bourg-Fidèle Boutancourt Bouvellemont Brécy-Brières Brévilly Brienne-sur-Aisne Brieulles-sur-Bar Briquenay Brognon Bulson Buzancy Carignan Cauroy Cernion Chagny Chalandry-Elaire Challerange Champigneulle Champigneul-sur-Vence Champlin La Chapelle Chappes Charbogne Chardeny Charleville-Mézières Charnois Château-Porcien Chatel-Chéhéry Le Châtelet-sur-Retourne Le Châtelet-sur-Sormonne Chaumont-Porcien Chémery-Chéhéry Chesnois-Auboncourt Cheveuges Chevières Chilly Chooz Chuffilly-Roche Clavy-Warby Cliron Condé-lès-Autry Condé-lès-Herpy Contreuve Cornay Corny-Machéroménil Coucy Coulommes-et-Marqueny La Croix-aux-Bois Daigny Damouzy Les Deux-Villes Deville Dom-le-Mesnil Dommery Donchery Doumely-Bégny Doux Douzy Draize Dricourt L'Écaille L'Échelle Écly Écordal Élan Escombres-et-le-Chesnois Estrebay Étalle Éteignières Étrépigny Euilly-et-Lombut Évigny Exermont Fagnon Faissault Falaise Faux Fépin La Férée La Ferté-sur-Chiers Flaignes-Havys Fleigneux Fléville Fligny Flize Floing Foisches Fossé Fraillicourt Francheval La Francheville Le Fréty Fromelennes Fromy Fumay Germont Gernelle Gespunsart Girondelle Givet Givonne Givron Givry Glaire Gomont Grandchamp Les Grandes-Armoises Grandham Grandpré La Grandville Grivy-Loisy Gruyères Gué-d'Hossus Guignicourt-sur-Vence Guincourt Hagnicourt Ham-les-Moines Ham-sur-Meuse Hannappes Hannogne-Saint-Martin Hannogne-Saint-Rémy Haraucourt Harcy Hargnies Harricourt Haudrecy Haulmé Les Hautes-Rivières Hauteville Hauviné Haybes Herbeuval Herpy-l'Arlésienne Hierges La Horgne Houdilcourt Houldizy Illy Imécourt Inaumont Issancourt-et-Rumel Jandun Joigny-sur-Meuse Jonval Juniville Justine-Herbigny Laifour Lalobbe Lametz Lançon Landres-et-Saint-Georges Landrichamps Launois-sur-Vence Laval-Morency Leffincourt Lépron-les-Vallées Létanne Liart Linay Liry Logny-Bogny Longwé Lonny Lucquy Lumes Machault Maisoncelle-et-Villers Malandry Manre Maranwez Marby Marcq Margny Margut Marlemont Marquigny Mars-sous-Bourcq Marvaux-Vieux Matton-et-Clémency Maubert-Fontaine Mazerny Les Mazures Ménil-Annelles Ménil-Lépinois Mesmont Messincourt Mogues Moiry La Moncelle Mondigny Montcheutin Montcornet Montcy-Notre-Dame Le Mont-Dieu Montgon Monthermé Monthois Montigny-sur-Meuse Montigny-sur-Vence Mont-Laurent Montmeillant Mont-Saint-Martin Mont-Saint-Remy Mouron Mouzon Murtin-et-Bogny Nanteuil-sur-Aisne Neuflize Neufmaison Neufmanil La Neuville-à-Maire La Neuville-aux-Joûtes Neuville-Day La Neuville-en-Tourne-à-Fuy Neuville-lès-This La Neuville-lès-Wasigny Neuville-lez-Beaulieu Neuvizy Noirval Nouart Nouvion-sur-Meuse Nouzonville Novion-Porcien Novy-Chevrières Noyers-Pont-Maugis Oches Olizy-Primat Omicourt Omont Osnes Pauvres Perthes Les Petites-Armoises Poilcourt-Sydney Poix-Terron Pouru-aux-Bois Pouru-Saint-Remy Prez Prix-lès-Mézières Puilly-et-Charbeaux Puiseux Pure Quatre-Champs Quilly Raillicourt Rancennes Raucourt-et-Flaba Regniowez Remaucourt Remilly-Aillicourt Remilly-les-Pothées Renneville Renwez Rethel Revin Rilly-sur-Aisne Rimogne Rocquigny Rocroi Roizy La Romagne Rouvroy-sur-Audry Rubigny Rumigny La Sabotterie Sachy Sailly Saint-Aignan Saint-Clément-à-Arnes Sainte-Marie Saint-Étienne-à-Arnes Sainte-Vaubourg Saint-Fergeux Saint-Germainmont Saint-Jean-aux-Bois Saint-Juvin Saint-Lambert-et-Mont-de-Jeux Saint-Laurent Saint-Loup-en-Champagne Saint-Loup-Terrier Saint-Marceau Saint-Marcel Saint-Menges Saint-Morel Saint-Pierre-à-Arnes Saint-Pierremont Saint-Pierre-sur-Vence Saint-Quentin-le-Petit Saint-Remy-le-Petit Sapogne-et-Feuchères Sapogne-sur-Marche Saulces-Champenoises Saulces-Monclin Sault-lès-Rethel Sault-Saint-Remy Sauville Savigny-sur-Aisne Séchault Sécheval Sedan Semide Semuy Senuc Seraincourt Sery Seuil Sévigny-la-Forêt Sévigny-Waleppe Signy-l'Abbaye Signy-le-Petit Signy-Montlibert Singly Sommauthe Sommerance Son Sorbon Sorcy-Bauthémont Sormonne Stonne Sugny Sury Suzanne Sy Tagnon Taillette Tailly Taizy Tannay Tarzy Tétaigne Thelonne Thénorgues Thilay Thin-le-Moutier This Le Thour Thugny-Trugny Toges Touligny Tourcelles-Chaumont Tournavaux Tournes Tourteron Tremblois-lès-Carignan Tremblois-lès-Rocroi Vandy Vaux-Champagne Vaux-en-Dieulet Vaux-lès-Mouron Vaux-lès-Mouzon Vaux-lès-Rubigny Vaux-Montreuil Vaux-Villaine Vendresse Verpel Verrières Viel-Saint-Remy Vieux-lès-Asfeld Villers-devant-le-Thour Villers-devant-Mouzon Villers-le-Tilleul Villers-le-Tourneur Villers-Semeuse Villers-sur-Bar Villers-sur-le-Mont Ville-sur-Lumes Ville-sur-Retourne Villy Vireux-Molhain Vireux-Wallerand Vivier-au-Court Voncq Vouziers Vrigne-aux-Bois Vrigne-Meuse Wadelincourt Wagnon Warcq Warnécourt Wasigny Wignicourt Williers Yoncq Yvernaumont

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 131358780 GND: 4090334-5 SUDOC: 026514974 BNF: cb1196

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