Charles Houël du Petit Pré (1616—22 April 1682) was a French
Guadeloupe from 1643 to 1664. He was also knight and
He became, by a royal proclamation dated August 1645, the first of the
island judicial officer. He is named Marquis de
Guadeloupe by Louis
XIV. On 4 September 1649, Charles Houël, who partnered with his
brother in law John Boisseret Herblay, bought the bankrupt Compagnie
Guadeloupe, Marie-Galante, La Désirade and Les Saintes for 60000
books pétun (tobacco) and was committed to deliver 600 pounds of
sugar per year.
In order to secure the site and solidify its grip on the population,
he built Fort Saint-Charles (Fort Delgrès (fr)) in 1650.
Despite the 1640 peace treaty between Indians and France, clashes with
the Caribbean continued. On 31 March 1660, Charles Houël signed a
treaty with the Caribbean, who abandoned the majority of the island to
the French and retreated to the island of Dominica. However, a small
number of Indians took refuge north and east of
de la Grande-Vigie et des Châteaux, Anse-Bertrand).
Charles Houël founded the town of
Basse-Terre in 1649. He gave his
name to Houëlmont, one of the highest mounts in the Caribbean.
Created by Colbert in August 1664, the
French West India Company
French West India Company has
to the monopoly for exploitation of sugar islands and main task the
acquisition of the island of
Guadeloupe to Houël to re-establish the
Charles Houël was also Lord of Varennes, Lord of Petit-Pré, Knight
and Baron Morainville.
Jean Soulon sieur de Sabouïlly
Governor General of Guadeloupe
^ Amerindians Africans Americans: Amerindios Africanos
Americanos : Tres Ensayos Sobre la Historia Del Caribe,
Association of Caribbean Historians. Conference
^ Crime and Punishment around the World, Graeme R. Newman, p. 170
^ La Guadeloupe: renseignements sur l'histoire, la flore, la faune, la
géologie, la minéralogie, l'agriculture, le commerce, l'industrie,
la législation, l'administration, Volume 1,Partie 2, de Jules Ballet
(Imprimerie du gouvernement, 1895) (in french)
^ Starfort : Delgres
^ Archives Overseas : treaty between Charles Houel, governor of
Guadeloupe and the Caribbean (31 March 1660) (in french)
^ Dictionnaire de la noblesse, M. de la Chenaye-Desbois, Tome VIII,
^ Research Center Chateau de Versailles : Charles de Houel
(N°identification : INV.GRAV.LP 31.23.1) (in french) Archived
April 2, 2015, at the Wayback Machine.
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