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Changzhi
Changzhi
(simplified Chinese: 长治; traditional Chinese: 長治; Pinyin: Chángzhì) is a prefecture-level city in Shanxi
Shanxi
Province, China. Historically, the city was one of the 36 administrative areas (see Administrative Divisions of Qin Dynasty) extant under the reign of the first emperor of a unified China
China
(see Qin Shi Huang). Literally speaking, Changzhi
Changzhi
means 'eternal peace' in Chinese. Nowadays, Changzhi
Changzhi
is a transportation centre in Shanxi. Transportations is facilitated by: four controlled-access highways, (Taiyuan-Changzhi, Changzhi-Jincheng, Changzhi-Linfen, and Changzhi-Handan); two railways, ( Taiyuan–Jiaozuo Railway and Handan–Changzhi Railway ); three national highways, China
China
National Highway 207, 208 and 309; and Changzhi Wangcun Airport
Changzhi Wangcun Airport
(ITAT Code: CIH, ICAO Code: ZBCZ). Internal transportation also includes a bus and taxi network. The city is a rising commercial and industrial centre in the southeastern area of Shanxi. In 2011, its GDP
GDP
ranked 1st out of 11 prefecture-level cities in the province.[1] According to the 6th National Population Census, in 2010 the city was home to 3,334,564 residents.[2] The local environment, especially the Air Quality Index, is monitored by China's Ministry of Environmental Protection (MEP)[3] and city government. A record of daily air quality is published by the local government.[4]

Contents

1 History 2 Administrative divisions 3 Education

3.1 Higher Education 3.2 High Schools

4 Transportation

4.1 National Highway 4.2 Controlled-access Highway 4.3 Railway 4.4 Airport

5 External links 6 Notes and references

History[edit] In ancient times the area around Changzhi
Changzhi
(Including Jincheng) was known as Shangdang.[5] Changzhi
Changzhi
was the site of the Shangdang Campaign, the first battle between the Kuomintang
Kuomintang
and the People's Liberation Army after the end of World War II. The campaign began in August 1945 and lasted until October. It began when the local Shanxi warlord, Yan Xishan, attempted to retake the region from Communist forces. Yan's forces were eventually defeated by an army led by Liu Bocheng, who was later named one of China's Ten Great Marshals. Liu's political commissar was Deng Xiaoping, who later became China's "paramount leader". The campaign ended with the complete destruction of Yan's army, most of which joined the Communists after surrendering. Following the Shangdang Campaign, the Communists remained in control of the region until they won the civil war in 1949.[5] Administrative divisions[edit] The area under the control of People's Government of Changzhi
Changzhi
City is divided into 13 local government districts. They are Urban District (or Chengqu), Suburban District, Lucheng City (a county-level city), Changzhi
Changzhi
County, Xiangyuan County, Tunliu County, Pingshun County, Licheng County, Huguan County, Zhangzi County, Wuxiang County, Qin County, and Qinyuan County.

Map

1 Jiao Changzhi County Xiangyuan County Tunliu County Pingshun County Licheng County Huguan County Zhangzi County Wuxiang County Qin County Qinyuan County Lucheng (city) 1. Cheng

# Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population (2003 est.) Area (km²) Density (/km²) Official Website

1 Cheng District 城区 Chéngqū 416,000 55.6 7,482 Cheng District

2 Jiao District 郊区 Jiāoqū 290,000 285 1,017.5 Jiao District

3 Lucheng City 潞城市 Lùchéng Shì 210,000 615 341 Lucheng City

4 Changzhi
Changzhi
County 长治县 Chángzhì Xiàn 320,000 483 663 Changzhi
Changzhi
County

5 Xiangyuan County 襄垣县 Xiāngyuán Xiàn 250,000 1,158 216 Xiangyuan County

6 Tunliu County 屯留县 Túnliú Xiàn 240,000 1,042 230 Tunliu County

7 Pingshun County 平顺县 Píngshùn Xiàn 160,000 1,550 103 Pingshun County

8 Licheng County 黎城县 Líchéng Xiàn 160,000 1,166 137 Licheng County

9 Huguan County 壶关县 Húguān Xiàn 280,000 1,013 276 Huguan County

10 Zhangzi County 长子县 Zhǎngzǐ Xiàn 340,000 1,029 330 Zhangzi County

11 Wuxiang County 武乡县 Wǔxiāng Xiàn 210,000 1,610 130 Zhangzi County

12 Qin County 沁县 Qìn Xiàn 170,000 1,297 131 Qin County

13 Qinyuan County 沁源县 Qìnyuán Xiàn 150,000 2,556 59 Qinyuan County

Education[edit] Higher Education[edit] Changzhi
Changzhi
Medical College Changzhi
Changzhi
College High Schools[edit] Changzhi
Changzhi
No.1 Middle School Changzhi
Changzhi
No.2 Middle School Changzhi
Changzhi
No.3 Middle School Changzhi
Changzhi
No.4 Middle School Changzhi
Changzhi
No.5 Middle School Changzhi
Changzhi
No.6 Middle School Changzhi
Changzhi
No.7 Middle School Changzhi
Changzhi
No.8 Middle School Changzhi
Changzhi
No.9 Middle School Changzhi
Changzhi
No.10 Middle School Changzhi
Changzhi
Experimental Middle School Changzhi
Changzhi
No.12 Middle School Changzhi
Changzhi
No.13 Middle School Changzhi
Changzhi
No.14 Middle School Changzhi
Changzhi
No.15 Middle School Changzhi
Changzhi
No.16 Middle School Changzhi
Changzhi
No.17 Middle School Changzhi
Changzhi
No.18 Middle School Changzhi
Changzhi
No.19 Middle School Tai-Hang Middle School (Subsidiary Middle School of Changzhi
Changzhi
College) Transportation[edit] National Highway[edit]

China
China
National Highway 207 China
China
National Highway 208

Controlled-access Highway[edit]

Controlled-access Highway Taiyuan-Changzhi Controlled-access Highway Changzhi-Jincheng Controlled-access Highway Changzhi-Linfen Controlled-access Highway Changzhi-Handan

Railway[edit]

Taiyuan–Jiaozuo Railway Handan– Changzhi
Changzhi
Railway

Airport[edit]

Changzhi
Changzhi
Wangcun Airport

External links[edit]

Official website of Changzhi
Changzhi
Government

v t e

Shanxi
Shanxi
topics

Taiyuan
Taiyuan
(capital)

General

History Politics Economy

Geography

Cities Fen River Hutuo River Lüliang
Lüliang
Mountains Mount Heng Mount Wutai Taihang Mountains Xiechi Lake Yellow River

Education

Shanxi
Shanxi
University Shanxi
Shanxi
Medical University Taiyuan
Taiyuan
Normal University

Culture

Zhongyuan Mandarin Jin Chinese Puzhou Opera Shanxi
Shanxi
merchants Cuisine

Visitor attractions

Bianjing Drum Tower Dazhai Great Wall of China Hukou Waterfall Jinci Mengshan Giant Buddha Mount Heng Pagoda of Fogong Temple Pingyao
Pingyao
Ancient City Qiao Family Compound Tianlongshan Grottoes Yanmen Pass Yungang Grottoes

Category Commons

v t e

County-level divisions of Shanxi
Shanxi
Province

Taiyuan
Taiyuan
(capital)

Prefecture-level cities

Taiyuan

Xinghualing District Xiaodian District Yingze District Jiancaoping District Wanbailin District Jinyuan District Gujiao
Gujiao
City Qingxu County Yangqu County Loufan County

Datong

Pingcheng District Yungang District Xinrong District Yunzhou District Yanggao County Tianzhen County Guangling County Lingqiu County Hunyuan County Zuoyun County

Yangquan

Cheng District Kuang District Jiao District Pingding County Yu County

Changzhi

Cheng District Jiao District Lucheng City Changzhi
Changzhi
County Xiangyuan County Tunliu County Pingshun County Licheng County Huguan County Zhangzi County Wuxiang County Qin County Qinyuan County

Jincheng

Cheng District Gaoping
Gaoping
City Zezhou County Qinshui County Yangcheng County Lingchuan County

Shuozhou

Shuocheng District Pinglu District Shanyin County Ying County Youyu County Huairen County

Jinzhong

Yuci District Jiexiu
Jiexiu
City Yushe County Zuoquan County Heshun County Xiyang County Shouyang County Taigu County Qi County Pingyao
Pingyao
County Lingshi County

Yuncheng

Yanhu District Yongji City Hejin
Hejin
City Ruicheng County Linyi County Wanrong County Xinjiang County Jishan County Wenxi County Xia County Jiang County Pinglu County Yuanqu County

Xinzhou

Xinfu District Yuanping City Dingxiang County Wutai County Dai County Fanshi County Ningwu County Jingle County Shenchi County Wuzhai County Kelan County Hequ County Baode County Pianguan County

Linfen

Yaodu District Houma City Huozhou
Huozhou
City Quwo County Yicheng County Xiangfen County Hongtong County Gu County Anze County Fushan County Ji County Xiangning County Pu County Daning County Yonghe County Xi County Fenxi County

Lüliang

Lishi District Xiaoyi
Xiaoyi
City Fenyang
Fenyang
City Wenshui County Zhongyang County Xing County Lin County Fangshan County Liulin County Lan County Jiaokou County Jiaocheng County Shilou County

Notes and references[edit]

^ Statistics Report of Changzhi
Changzhi
Economy in 2011 (In Chinese)[permanent dead link] ^ Population Data of Changzhi
Changzhi
in Shanxi
Shanxi
Province (the 6th National Population Census) in Chinese Archived February 24, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Air Quality Database of Key Cities in China, in Chinese ^ Changzhi
Changzhi
City Environmental Protection Archived 2013-12-30 at the Wayback Machine. ^ a b Lew, Christopher R. The Third Chinese Revolutionary War, 1945-1949: An Analysis of Communist Strategy and Leadership. The USA and Canada: Routelage. 2009, p.22–23. ISBN&

.