Chamber of Representatives (France)
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The Chamber of Representatives (french: Chambre des représentants) was the popularly elected lower body of the
French Parliament The French Parliament (french: Parlement français) is the Bicameralism, bicameral legislature of the France, French Republic, consisting of the Senate (France), Senate () and the National Assembly (France), National Assembly (). Each assemb ...
set up under the Charter of 1815. The body had 629 members who were to serve five-year terms.The Act Additional April 22, 1815
/ref> The upper body was the Chamber of Peers.


History

Jean Denis, comte Lanjuinais served as president of this body while it existed. The Chamber of Representatives was short-lived. At the end of the
Hundred Days The Hundred Days (french: les Cent-Jours ), also known as the War of the Seventh Coalition, marked the period between Napoleon's return from eleven months of exile on the island of Elba to Paris on20 March 1815 and the second restoration ...
, with the defeat of Napoleon at Waterloo, the chamber issued
Napoleon Napoleon Bonaparte ; it, Napoleone Bonaparte, ; co, Napulione Buonaparte. (born Napoleone Buonaparte; 15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821), later known by his regnal name Napoleon I, was a French military commander and political leader who ...
a demand for
abdication Abdication is the act of formally relinquishing monarchical authority. Abdications have played various roles in the Order of succession, succession procedures of monarchies. While some cultures have viewed abdication as an extreme abandonment of d ...
as
Emperor of the French Emperor of the French (French language, French: ''Empereur des Français'') was the title of the monarch and supreme ruler of the First French Empire, First and the Second French Empires. Details A title and office used by the House of Bonapa ...
.France: Commission of Government: 1815
/ref> On 22 June 1815 the Chamber of Representatives elected three members ( Carnot, the duc d'Otrante, and the comte Grenier) of a five-member commission, the ''Commission de gouvernement'', to constitute a new government, and on 23 June 1815 the Chamber of Representatives named
Napoleon II Napoleon II (Napoléon François Joseph Charles Bonaparte; 20 March 181122 July 1832) was disputed Emperor of the French for a few weeks in 1815. The son of Napoleon, Emperor Napoleon I and Marie Louise, Duchess of Parma, Marie Louise of Austria, ...
as Emperor. The allied powers of the
Seventh Coalition The Hundred Days (french: les Cent-Jours ), also known as the War of the Seventh Coalition, marked the period between Napoleon's return from eleven months of exile on the island of Elba to Paris on20 March 1815 and the second restoration ...
soon occupied Paris, and the chamber capitulated on 3 July. It soon became clear that the occupiers wished to again restore the Bourbon monarchy. On 8 July 1815, the chamber was kept from meeting by armed force, effectively ending it. With the restoration of the Bourbons, the
Chamber of Deputies The chamber of deputies is the lower house in many bicameral legislatures and the sole house in some unicameral legislatures. Description Historically, French Chamber of Deputies of France, Chamber of Deputies was the lower house of the French Pa ...
was returned as the lower body of Parliament. The
reactionary In political science, a reactionary or a reactionist is a person who holds political views that favor a return to the '' status quo ante'', the previous political state of society, which that person believes possessed positive characteristics ab ...
Ultra-royalist The Ultra-royalists (french: ultraroyalistes, collectively Ultras) were a French political faction from 1815 to 1830 under the Bourbon Restoration Bourbon Restoration may refer to: France under the House of Bourbon: * Bourbon Restoration in Fra ...
delegation that was seated in October 1815 was nicknamed the ''
Chambre introuvable The ( French for "Unobtainable Chamber") was the first Chamber of Deputies The chamber of deputies is the lower house in many bicameral legislatures and the sole house in some unicameral legislatures. Description Historically, French Chamber ...
''.


Proposed 1873 Chamber of Representatives

During the first years of the
French Third Republic The French Third Republic (french: Troisième République, sometimes written as ) was the system of government adopted in France France (), officially the French Republic ( ), is a country primarily located in Western Europe. It a ...
, France's Parliament was a unicameral National Assembly, elected in 1871, which also acted as a
Constituent Assembly A constituent assembly (also known as a constitutional convention, constitutional congress, or constitutional assembly) is a body assembled for the purpose of drafting or revising a constitution. Members of a constituent assembly may be elected b ...
. The initial constitution, drawn up by this Assembly on 20 May 1873, provided for the re-establishment of Chamber of Representatives, with a
Senate A senate is a deliberative assembly, often the upper house An upper house is one of two Debate chamber, chambers of a bicameralism, bicameral legislature, the other chamber being the lower house.''Bicameralism'' (1997) by George Tseb ...
serving as the upper house. However, the final French Constitutional Laws of 1875 passed by it established the
Chamber of Deputies The chamber of deputies is the lower house in many bicameral legislatures and the sole house in some unicameral legislatures. Description Historically, French Chamber of Deputies of France, Chamber of Deputies was the lower house of the French Pa ...
as the lower house instead.


References

{{Reflist Hundred Days 1815 in France 1815 establishments in France 1815 disestablishments in France Historical legislatures in France