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The Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM; Swahili: ) is the dominant ruling party in
Tanzania Tanzania (;This approximates the Kiswahili pronunciation. However, is also heard in English. ), officially the United Republic of Tanzania ( sw, Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania), is a country in East Africa within the African Great Lakes regi ...
and the second longest-ruling party in
Africa Africa is the world's second-largest and second-most populous continent, after Asia in both cases. At about 30.3 million km2 (11.7 million square miles) including adjacent islands, it covers 6% of Earth's total surface area and 20% of it ...

Africa
, only after the True Whig Party of
Liberia Liberia (), officially the Republic of Liberia, is a country on the West Africa West Africa or Western Africa is the westernmost region of Africa. The United Nations The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tha ...
. It was formed in 1977, following the merger of the Tanganyika African National Union (TANU) and the Afro-Shirazi Party (ASP), which were the sole operating parties in mainland Tanzania and the semi-autonomous islands of Zanzibar respectively. TANU and its successor CCM have ruled Tanzania uninterruptedly since independence. The party has been described as
authoritarian Authoritarianism is a form of government A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, generally a state. In the case of its broad associative definition, government normally consists of legislatu ...
. Since the creation of a multi-party system, CCM has won the past five general elections in
1995 1995 was designated as: * United Nations Year for Tolerance * World Year of Peoples’ Commemoration of the Victims of the Second World War This was the first year that the Internet was entirely privatized, with the United States government ...
, 2000 Tanzanian general election, 2000, 2005 Tanzanian general election, 2005, 2010 Tanzanian general election, 2010 and 2015 Tanzanian general election, 2015. Jakaya Kikwete, its presidential candidate in 2005, won by a landslide victory, landslide, receiving more than 80% of the popular vote. In the 2010 election, it won 186 of the 239 List of constituencies of Tanzania, constituencies, continuing to hold an outright majority in the National Assembly (Tanzania), National Assembly.


History

The party was created on February 5, 1977, under the leadership of Julius Nyerere, through the merger of the Tanganyika African National Union (TANU), the ruling party in Tanganyika (1961–1964), Tanganyika, and the Afro-Shirazi Party (ASP), the ruling party in Zanzibar. TANU/CCM has dominated the politics of Tanzania since the independence of Tanganyika in 1961. Due to the merger with the ASP, from 1977 it has also been the ruling party in Zanzibar, though there its grip on power has been more contested by the Chama cha Demokrasia na Maendeleo (CHADEMA). From its formation until 1992, it was the only legally permitted party in the country. Every five years, its national chairman was automatically elected to a five-year term as president; he was confirmed in office via a referendum. At the same time, voters were presented with two CCM candidates for the National Assembly of Tanzania, National Assembly or Bunge. This changed on July 1, 1992, when amendments to the Constitution and a number of laws permitting and regulating the formation and operations of more than one political party were enacted by the National Assembly.


Ideology

Originally a champion of African socialism, upholder of the system of Collectivization, collectivized agriculture known as ''Ujamaa'' and firmly oriented to the left, today the CCM espouses a more Social democracy, social-democratic approach. CCM hopes to continue to modernize in order to ensure: #Increased productivity which would boost the country's revenue #Increased employment and improved management #Acquisition of new and modern technology #Increased and expanded local and international markets for our products, and; #Improved and strengthened private sector serving as the engine of the national economy while the government sharpens its focus on provision of social services, infrastructure, security and governance of the state. Similarly, the CCM's major foreign policy focus is economic diplomacy within the international system, and peaceful coexistence with neighbors.


Electoral performance

The CCM has a leading role in society. The party has won all presidential Elections in Tanzania, elections at both the national level and in Zanzibar at the autonomous level under the multi-party system: 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010 and 2015. It also dominates the legislature. In the elections for Zanzibar's President of Zanzibar, presidency and House of Representatives of Zanzibar, House of Representatives, held on 30 October 2005, incumbent president and CCM candidate Amani Abeid Karume won with 53.18% of the vote, while the party won 30 seats out of 50. In the national elections for Tanzania's President of Tanzania, presidency and National Assembly of Tanzania, National Assembly, held on 14 December 2005, Foreign Minister and CCM candidate Jakaya Kikwete won with 80.28% of the vote. Out of the 232 List of Tanzania National Assembly members, seats filled through direct election, the CCM won 206. On 31 October 2010, Jakaya Kikwete was reelected president with 62.8% of the vote, while CCM obtained 186 out of the 239 directly elected seats. On 30 October 2015 John Magufuli of CCM won the election with 58.46% of the vote. CCM was admitted into the Socialist International as a full member at the SI's spring congress on 4–5 February 2013.


Leadership


Current leaders

Top place for a chairman remains vacant following the death of former chairman John Magufuli who was elected as a Party Chairman on July 23, 2016 and took over for Jakaya Kikwete, who had been serving since November 2012.


National leaders

* Chairman: Samia Suluhu, Samia Suluhu Hassan * Vice Chairman Zanzibar: Ali Mohamed Shein * Vice Chairman Mainland: Philip Mangula * Secretary General: Dr Bashiru Ally * Deputy Secretary General Zanzibar: Dr Abdalla Juma * Deputy Secretary General Mainland: Rodrick Mpogolo * Secretary for Organisation: Perreira Ame Silima * Secretary for Party Ideology and Publicity: Humphrey Polepole * Secretary for Party Affairs and International Relations: Rtd Colonel Ngemela Lubinga * Secretary for Economic Affairs and Finance: Dr Frank George Haule Hawassi ;National Chairman ;National Vice Chairman (Mainland) ;National Vice Chairman (Zanzibar) ;Secretaries General


Electoral history


Presidential elections


Bunge elections


References

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Drwp-VYhC5g


External links


Official blog
* Ally Sykes {{DEFAULTSORT:Chama Cha Mapinduzi Chama Cha Mapinduzi, Tanzanian MPs 2015–2020 Political parties in Tanzania Political parties established in 1977 1977 establishments in Tanzania Socialist International Progressive Alliance Parties of one-party systems Julius Nyerere